German Army Groups on the Western Front

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Commanders of the German Army Groups, Numbered Armies and Named Armies, 1914-1919
A list of all German Army Group, numbered Army, and named Army commanders for the war followed by birth-death dates and the dates of a general's tenure of command. Many generals had several commands, thus if one comes across an officer whose name simply has the dates of the command, that officer likely held a previous army command and appears somewhere else on the list. Keep in mind his initial command may have been on another front or at a lower level. From, From, 'Führer des Kaiserl. Dt. Feldheeres im Ersten Weltkriege,' Deutsches Soldatenjahrbuch, 1968), 92ff.


Abbreviations:
GFM=Generalfeldmarschal (Field Marshal)
GO= Generaloberst (General)
GdI (or Kav or Art)= General der Infanterie (Kavallerie, Artillerie) Lieutenant General
GLT=Generalleutnant (Major General)
GM=General Major (Brigadier General)


ARMY GROUPS, WESTERN FRONT

Heeresgruppe Kronprinz Rupprecht v. Bayern: (Army Group Crown Prince Rupprecht von Bavaria)

GFM Kronprinz Rupprecht v. Bayern (18 May 1869 - 2 August 1955):

28 August 1916 - 21 November 1918.

GdInf Sixt v. Arnim (27 Nov 51-1 Oct 36), 29 November 18 - 2 January 1919.

Heeresgruppe Deutscher Kronprinz: (Army Group German Crown Prince)

GdInf Kronprinz Wilhelm, (6 May 1882 - 20 July 1951): 25 November 1916 - 11 Nov 1918.

GO v. Einem gen. v. Rothmaler (1 January 1953 - 7 April 1934): 12 November 1918 - 18 January 1919.

Heeresgruppe Herzog Albrecht v. Wuerttemberg: (Army Group Duke Albrecht of Wuerttemberg)

GFM Herzog Albrecht v. Wurttemberg (23 December 1865 - 29 October 1939): 25 February 1917 - 11 November 1919.


Heeresgruppe Gallwitz: (Army Group Gallwitz)

Gd Art v. Gallwitz (2 May 1852 - 18 April 1937), 27 January 1918 - 6 Dec 1918.


Heeresgruppe Boehn: (Army Group Boehn)

GO v. Boehn (16 August 1850 - 18 February 1921), 6 August 1918 - 31 October 1918.


NUMBERED ARMIES, WESTERN FRONT

1st Army

GO v. Kluck (20 May 46-19 Oct 34) 2 Aug 1914-28 March 1915, wounded.
GdInf v. Fabeck (6 May 54-16 Dec 1916) 28 March 1915 - 17 September 1915, army disbanded.
Army reorganized, 19 July 1916
GdInf Fritz v. Below (23 Sep 53-23 Nov 1918), 19 July 1916 - 12 October 1918.
GdInf Otto v. Below (NB: Fritz v. Below's brother), (18 January 1857-9 March 1944), 12 October 1918 - 8 November 1918.
GdInf v. Eberhardt (6 December 1855 - 24 January 1939), 8 November 1918 - 2 December 1918.


2d Army

GO v. Buelow (24 March 1846 - 31 August 1921), 2 August 1914-4 April 1915.
GdInf Fritz v. Below, 4 April 1915 - 19 July 1916.
GdArt v. Gallwitz, 19 July 1916 - 17 December 1916.
GdKav v. d. Marwitz (3 July 1856 - 27 October 1929), 17 December 1916 - 22 September 1918.
GdKav v. Carlowitz (25 March 1859 - 9 July 1922), 22 September 1918 - 13 November 1918.


3rd Army

GO Fhr. v. Hausen (17 December 1846 - 19 March 1933), 2 August 1914 - 12 September 1914.
GdKav v. Einem gen. v. Rothmaler, 12 September 1914 - 18 January 1919.


4th Army

GFM Albrecht v. Saxony, 2 August 1914 - 25 February 1917.
GdInf Sixt v. Arnim, 1 March 1917 - 22 November 1918.
GdCav Fhr. Marschall v. Altengottern (26 September 1855 - 20 November 1930), 22 November 1918 - 30 December 1918.


5th Army

GLT Crown Prince Wilhelm, (6 May 1882 - 20 July 1951), 2 Aug 1914 - 25 November 1916.
GdInf v. Lochow (1 April 1855 - 11 April 1942), 1 December 1916 - 17 December 1916.
GdArt v. Gallwitz, 17 December 1916 - 22 September 1918.
GdKav v. d. Marwitz, 22 September 1918 - 13 December 1918.
GLT Fuchs (1856-1939), 18 December 1918 - January 1919.


6th Army

GO Rupprecht v. Bayern, 2 August 1916 - 28 August 1916.
GO v. Falkenhausen (13 September 1844 - 4 May 1936), 28 August 1916 - 22 April 1917.
GdInf Otto v. Below, 22 April 1917 - 9 September 1917.
GdInf v. Quast (18 October 1850 - 9 October 1926), 9 September 1917 - 1 January 1919.


7th Army

GO v. Heeringen (9 March 1850 - 9 October 1926), 2 August 1914 - 28 August 1916.
GdArt v. Schubert (19 April 1850 - 13 May 1933), 28 August 1916 - 11 March 1917.
GdInf v. Eberhardt, 6 August 1918 - 31 October 1918.
GdInf v. Boehn, 11 March 1917 - 6 August 1918.
GdInf v. Eberhardt, 6 August 1918 - 31 October 1918.
GO v. Boehn, 31 October 1918 - January 1919.


11th Army

GdInf v. Fabeck, 9 March 1915 - 28 March 1915.
April 1915, Army moved to Serbia.
GO v. Mackensen, 16 April 1915 - 18 September 1915.
GdArt v. Gallwitz, 30 September 1915 - 19 July 1916.
GLT v. Winckler (17 February 1856 - 24 July 1945), (act 23 March 1916) 10 August 1916 - 5 June 1917.
GdInf v. Steuben (1855-1935), 5 June 1917 - 4 December 1918.


14th Army, Italian Front

GdInf Otto v. Below, 9 September 1917 - 22 January 1918.


18th Army

GdInf v. Hutier, 1 January 1918 - 14 January 1919.


19th Army

GO Graf v. Bothmer (10 December 1852 - 18 March 1937), 4 February 1918 - 8 November 1918.
GdInf Ritter v. Fasbender (3 November 1852 - 13 May 1933), 8 November 1918 - 18 December 1918.


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