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[[Main_Page | WWI Document Archive]] > [[Conventions and Treaties ]] > [[Peace Treaty of Sèvres]] > '''Section I, Articles 1 - 260'''
 +
</p><hr>
 +
 
<h1>The Treaty of S&egrave;vres, 1920</h1>
 
<h1>The Treaty of S&egrave;vres, 1920</h1>
<h4>(from: <i>The Treaties of Peace 1919-1923, Vol. II</i>, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, New York, 1924.)</h4><br><br>
+
<h4>(from: <i>The Treaties of Peace 1919-1923, Vol. II</i>, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, New York, 1924.)</h4>
Section I, Articles 1-260<br><br>
+
Section I, Articles 1-260
 +
<hr>
  
 +
Go to [http://wwi.lib.byu.edu/images/1/14/TreatyOfSevresMapOfTurkey.gif Map of Turkey,] illustrating the Treaty of Sevres region.<br>
 +
Go to [http://wwi.lib.byu.edu/images/2/23/Treaty_of_Sevres%2C_Zone_of_the_Straits.gif detailed Map] of Western Turkey, showing the Zone of the Straits.<br>
 +
Go to [http://wwi.lib.byu.edu/images/2/22/Treaty_of_Sevres_President_Wilson_Armenian_Boundary.gif detailed Map] of Eastern Turkey, showing the extent of Turkish Armenia according to President Wilson's boundary decision.<br>
 +
(Compiled by Lt.-Col. Lawrence Martin, Geographer of the Institute of Politics)
 
<hr>
 
<hr>
Go to <a href="turk1920.gif">Map of Turkey,</a> illustrating the Treaty of Sevres region.<br>
+
 
Go to <a href="http://www.gwpda.org/gifs/straits.gif">detailed Map </a> of Western Turkey, showing the Zone of the Straits.<br>
+
Go to <a href="http://www.gwpda.org/gifs/armenia.gif">detailed Map </a> of Eastern Turkey, showing the extent of Turkish Armenia according to President Wilson's boundary decision.<br>
+
(Compiled by Lt.-Col. Lawrence Martin, Geographer of the Institute of Politics)<br><br>
+
<hr>
+
 
<h2><b>THE TREATY OF PEACE BETWEEN THE ALLIED AND ASSOCIATED POWERS <BR>
 
<h2><b>THE TREATY OF PEACE BETWEEN THE ALLIED AND ASSOCIATED POWERS <BR>
 
AND TURKEY<BR>
 
AND TURKEY<BR>
Line 182: Line 187:
 
present Treaty, officiai relations will exist between the Allied
 
present Treaty, officiai relations will exist between the Allied
 
Powers and Turkey.<br><br>
 
Powers and Turkey.<br><br>
                                                          PART I.<br>
 
  
                                            THE COVENANT OF THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS.<br>
+
PART I.<br>
  
                                                ARTICLES 1 TO 26 AND ANNEX<br>
+
THE COVENANT OF THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS.<br>
  
                                            See Part I, Treaty of Versailles, Pages 10-23.<br>
+
ARTICLES 1 TO 26 AND ANNEX<br>
 +
 
 +
See Part I, Treaty of Versailles, Pages 10-23.
 
<hr>
 
<hr>
             PART II.<br>
+
              
 +
PART II.<br>
  
        FRONTIERS OF TURKEY.<br>
+
FRONTIERS OF TURKEY.<br>
  
          ARTICLE 27.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 27.<br><br>
  
       
+
I. In Europe, the frontiers of Turkey will be laid down as
            I. In Europe, the frontiers of Turkey will be laid down as
+
 
follows:<br>
 
follows:<br>
  
            1. The Black Sea:
+
1. The Black Sea:
 
from the entrance of the Bosphorus to the point described below.<br><br>
 
from the entrance of the Bosphorus to the point described below.<br><br>
  
2. With Greece:<br>
+
2. With Greece:<br>
 
   
 
   
            From a point to be chosen on the Black Sea near the mouth of
+
From a point to be chosen on the Black Sea near the mouth of
 
the Biyuk Dere, situated about 7 kilometres north-west of Podima, south-westwards to the most north-westerly point of the
 
the Biyuk Dere, situated about 7 kilometres north-west of Podima, south-westwards to the most north-westerly point of the
 
limit of the basin of the Istranja Dere (about 8 kilometres northwest of Istranja),
 
limit of the basin of the Istranja Dere (about 8 kilometres northwest of Istranja),
Line 577: Line 583:
 
equality.<br><br>
 
equality.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                          ARTICLE 53.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 53.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                          Subject to the provisions of Article 47 the existing rights under
+
Subject to the provisions of Article 47 the existing rights under
                                              which dues and charges can be levied for various purposes,
+
which dues and charges can be levied for various purposes,
                                              whether direct by the Turkish Government or by international
+
whether direct by the Turkish Government or by international
                                              bodies or private companies, on ships or cargoes within the limits
+
bodies or private companies, on ships or cargoes within the limits
                                              of the jurisdiction of the Commission shall be transferred to the
+
of the jurisdiction of the Commission shall be transferred to the
                                              Commisssion The Commission shall fix these dues and charges
+
Commisssion The Commission shall fix these dues and charges
                                              at such amounts only as may be reasonably necessary to cover
+
at such amounts only as may be reasonably necessary to cover
                                              the cost of the works executed and the services rendered to
+
the cost of the works executed and the services rendered to
                                              shipping, including the general costs and expenses of the administration of the Commission, and the salaries and pay provided
+
shipping, including the general costs and expenses of the administration of the Commission, and the salaries and pay provided
                                              for in paragraph 3 of the Annex to this Section.<br><br>
+
for in paragraph 3 of the Annex to this Section.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                          For these purposes only and with the prior consent of the
+
For these purposes only and with the prior consent of the
                                              Council of the League of Nations the Commission may also
+
Council of the League of Nations the Commission may also
                                              establish dues and charges other than those now existing and
+
establish dues and charges other than those now existing and
                                              fix their amounts.<br><br>
+
fix their amounts.<br><br>
                                             
+
                                           
 
+
ARTICLE 54.<br><br>
 
+
            ARTICLE 54.<br><br>
+
 
              
 
              
              All dues and charges imposed by the Commission shall be
+
All dues and charges imposed by the Commission shall be
 
levied without any discrimination and on a footing of absolute
 
levied without any discrimination and on a footing of absolute
 
equality between all vessels, whatever their port of origin, destination or departure, their flag or ownership, or the nationality or
 
equality between all vessels, whatever their port of origin, destination or departure, their flag or ownership, or the nationality or
 
ownership of their cargoes.<br><br>
 
ownership of their cargoes.<br><br>
  
              This disposition does not affect the right of the Commission
+
This disposition does not affect the right of the Commission
 
to fix in accordance with tonnage the dues provided for by this
 
to fix in accordance with tonnage the dues provided for by this
 
Section.<br><br>
 
Section.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 55.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 55.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
              The Turkish and Greek Governments respectively undertake
+
The Turkish and Greek Governments respectively undertake
 
to facilitate the acquisition by the Commission of such land and
 
to facilitate the acquisition by the Commission of such land and
 
buildings as the Commission shall consider it necessary to acquire
 
buildings as the Commission shall consider it necessary to acquire
Line 616: Line 620:
 
entrusted.<br><br>
 
entrusted.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 56.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 56.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
              Ships of war in transit through the waters specified in Article
+
Ships of war in transit through the waters specified in Article
 
39 shall conform in all respects to the regulations issued by the
 
39 shall conform in all respects to the regulations issued by the
 
Commission for the observance of the ordinary rules of navigation and of sanitary requirements.<br><br>
 
Commission for the observance of the ordinary rules of navigation and of sanitary requirements.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 57.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 57.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
              (1) Belligerent warships shall not revictual nor take in stores
+
(1) Belligerent warships shall not revictual nor take in stores
 
except so far as may be strictly necessary to enable them to complete the passage of the Straits and to reach the nearest port
 
except so far as may be strictly necessary to enable them to complete the passage of the Straits and to reach the nearest port
 
where they can call, nor shall they replenish or increase their
 
where they can call, nor shall they replenish or increase their
Line 635: Line 639:
 
out with the least possible delay.<br><br>
 
out with the least possible delay.<br><br>
  
              (2) The passage of belligerent warships through the waters
+
(2) The passage of belligerent warships through the waters
 
under the control of the Commission shall be effected with the
 
under the control of the Commission shall be effected with the
 
least possible delay, and without any other interruption than
 
least possible delay, and without any other interruption than
 
that resulting from the necessities of the service.<br><br>
 
that resulting from the necessities of the service.<br><br>
  
              (3) The stay of such warships at ports within the jurisdiction
+
(3) The stay of such warships at ports within the jurisdiction
 
of the Commission shall not exceed twenty-four hours except in
 
of the Commission shall not exceed twenty-four hours except in
                                            case of distress. In such case they shall be bound to leave as soon  
+
case of distress. In such case they shall be bound to leave as soon  
                                            as possible. An interval of at least twenty-four hours shall
+
as possible. An interval of at least twenty-four hours shall
                                            always elapse between the sailing of a belligerent ship from the
+
always elapse between the sailing of a belligerent ship from the
                                            waters under the control of the Commission and the departure
+
waters under the control of the Commission and the departure
                                            of a ship belonging to an opposing belligerent.<br><br>
+
of a ship belonging to an opposing belligerent.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                            (4) Any further regulations affecting in time of war the waters
+
(4) Any further regulations affecting in time of war the waters
                                            under the control of the Commission, and relating in particular
+
under the control of the Commission, and relating in particular
                                            to the passage of war material and contraband destined for the
+
to the passage of war material and contraband destined for the
                                            enemies of Turkey, or revictualling, taking in stores or carrying
+
enemies of Turkey, or revictualling, taking in stores or carrying
                                            out repairs in the said waters, will be laid down by the League
+
out repairs in the said waters, will be laid down by the League
                                            of Nations.<br><br>
+
of Nations.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                          ARTICLE 58.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 58.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                            Prizes shall in all respects be subjected to the same conditions
+
Prizes shall in all respects be subjected to the same conditions
                                            as belligerent vessels of war.<br><br>
+
as belligerent vessels of war.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
 
+
ARTICLE 59.<br><br>
                                                          ARTICLE 59.<br><br>
+
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                            No belligerent shall embark or disembark troops, munitions of
+
No belligerent shall embark or disembark troops, munitions of
                                            war or warlike materials in the waters under the control of the
+
war or warlike materials in the waters under the control of the
                                            Commission, except in case of accidental hindrance of the passage, and in such cases the passage shall be resumed with all
+
Commission, except in case of accidental hindrance of the passage, and in such cases the passage shall be resumed with all
                                            possible despatch.<br><br>
+
possible despatch.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                          ARTICLE 60.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 60.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                            Nothing in Articles 57, 58 or 59 shall be deemed to limit the
+
Nothing in Articles 57, 58 or 59 shall be deemed to limit the
                                            powers of a belligerent or belligerents acting in pursuance of a
+
powers of a belligerent or belligerents acting in pursuance of a
                                            decision by the Council of the League of Nations.<br><br>
+
decision by the Council of the League of Nations.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                          ARTICLE 61.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 61.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                            Any differences which may arise between the Powers as to the
+
Any differences which may arise between the Powers as to the
                                              interpretation or execution of the provisions of this Section, and
+
interpretation or execution of the provisions of this Section, and
                                              as regards Constantinople and Haidar Pasha of the provisions
+
as regards Constantinople and Haidar Pasha of the provisions
                                              of Articles 335 to 344, Part Xl (Ports, Waterways, and Railways) shall be referred to the Commission. In the event of the
+
of Articles 335 to 344, Part Xl (Ports, Waterways, and Railways) shall be referred to the Commission. In the event of the
                                              decision of the Commission not being accepted by any Power,
+
decision of the Commission not being accepted by any Power,
                                              the question shall, on the demand of any Power concerned, be
+
the question shall, on the demand of any Power concerned, be
                                              settled as provided by the League of Nations, pending whose
+
settled as provided by the League of Nations, pending whose
                                              decision the ruling of the Commission will be carried out.<br><br>
+
decision the ruling of the Commission will be carried out.<br><br>
 +
 
 +
ANNEX<br><br>
  
              ANNEX<br><br>
 
 
1.<br><br>               
 
1.<br><br>               
              The Chairmanship of the Commission of the Straits shall be
+
 
 +
The Chairmanship of the Commission of the Straits shall be
 
rotatory for the period of two years among the members of the
 
rotatory for the period of two years among the members of the
 
Commission entitled to two votes.<br><br>
 
Commission entitled to two votes.<br><br>
  
              The Commission shall take decisions by a majority vote
+
The Commission shall take decisions by a majority vote
 
and the Chairman shall have a casting vote. Abstention shall
 
and the Chairman shall have a casting vote. Abstention shall
 
be regarded as a vote against the proposal under discussion.<br><br>
 
be regarded as a vote against the proposal under discussion.<br><br>
  
              Each of the Commissioners will have the right to designate a
+
Each of the Commissioners will have the right to designate a
 
deputy Commissioner to replace him in his absence.<br><br>
 
deputy Commissioner to replace him in his absence.<br><br>
 
2<br><br>
 
2<br><br>
              The salary of each member of the Commission will be paid by
+
 
 +
The salary of each member of the Commission will be paid by
 
the Government which appointed him; these salaries will be fixed
 
the Government which appointed him; these salaries will be fixed
 
at reasonable amounts agreed upon from time to time between the
 
at reasonable amounts agreed upon from time to time between the
 
Governments represented on the Commission.<br><br>
 
Governments represented on the Commission.<br><br>
  
                3<br><br>
+
3<br><br>
 
                
 
                
              The salaries of the police officers referred to in Article 48, of
+
The salaries of the police officers referred to in Article 48, of
 
such other officials and officers as may be appointed under Article
 
such other officials and officers as may be appointed under Article
 
51, and the pay of the local police referred to in Article 48, shall
 
51, and the pay of the local police referred to in Article 48, shall
Line 711: Line 717:
 
shipping.<br><br>
 
shipping.<br><br>
  
              The Commission shall frame regulations as to the terms and
+
The Commission shall frame regulations as to the terms and
 
condltions of employment of all officers and officials appointed<br><br>
 
condltions of employment of all officers and officials appointed<br><br>
  
                4<br><br>
+
4<br><br>
 
                
 
                
              The Commission shall have at its disposal such vessels as may
+
The Commission shall have at its disposal such vessels as may
 
be necessary to enable it to carry out its functions as laid down
 
be necessary to enable it to carry out its functions as laid down
 
in this Section and Annex.<br><br>
 
in this Section and Annex.<br><br>
 +
 
5<br><br>
 
5<br><br>
              In order to carry out all the duties with which it is charged by
+
 
 +
In order to carry out all the duties with which it is charged by
 
the provisions of this Section and Annex and within the limits
 
the provisions of this Section and Annex and within the limits
 
therein laid down the Commission will have the power to prepare, issue and enforce the necessary regulations; this power will
 
therein laid down the Commission will have the power to prepare, issue and enforce the necessary regulations; this power will
 
include the right of amending so far as may be necessary or repealing the existing regulations.<br><br>
 
include the right of amending so far as may be necessary or repealing the existing regulations.<br><br>
                                                            6. <br><br>
+
 
    The Commission shall frame regulations as to the manner in
+
6. <br><br>
                                            which the accounts of all revenues and expenditure of the funds
+
 
                                            under its control shall be kept, the auditing of such accounts
+
The Commission shall frame regulations as to the manner in
                                            and the publication every year of a full and accurate report
+
which the accounts of all revenues and expenditure of the funds
                                            thereof.<br><br>
+
under its control shall be kept, the auditing of such accounts
 +
and the publication every year of a full and accurate report
 +
thereof.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                        SECTION III.<br>
+
SECTION III.<br>
                                                        KURDISTAN.<br>
+
KURDISTAN.<br>
                                                        ARTICLE 62.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 62.<br><br>
 
                                                          
 
                                                          
                                                          A Commission sitting at Constantinople and composed of
+
A Commission sitting at Constantinople and composed of
                                            three members appointed by the British, French and Italian
+
three members appointed by the British, French and Italian
                                            Governments respectively shall draft within six months from the
+
Governments respectively shall draft within six months from the
                                            coming into force of the present Treaty a scheme of local autonomy for the predominantly Kurdish areas lying east of the Euphrates, south of the southern boundary of Armenia as it may be
+
coming into force of the present Treaty a scheme of local autonomy for the predominantly Kurdish areas lying east of the Euphrates, south of the southern boundary of Armenia as it may be
                                            hereafter determined, and north of the frontier of Turkey with
+
hereafter determined, and north of the frontier of Turkey with
                                            Syria and Mesopotamia, as defined in Article 27, II (2) and (3).
+
Syria and Mesopotamia, as defined in Article 27, II (2) and (3).
                                            If unanimity cannot be secured on any question, it will be referred
+
If unanimity cannot be secured on any question, it will be referred
                                            by the members of the Commission to their respective Governments. The scheme shall contain full safeguards for the protection of the Assyro-Chaldeans and other racial or religious minorities within these areas, and with this object a Commission composed of British, French, Italian, Persian and Kurdish representatives shall visit the spot to examine and decide what rectifications, if any, should be made in the Turkish frontier where, under
+
by the members of the Commission to their respective Governments. The scheme shall contain full safeguards for the protection of the Assyro-Chaldeans and other racial or religious minorities within these areas, and with this object a Commission composed of British, French, Italian, Persian and Kurdish representatives shall visit the spot to examine and decide what rectifications, if any, should be made in the Turkish frontier where, under
                                            the provisions of the present Treaty, that frontier coincides with
+
the provisions of the present Treaty, that frontier coincides with
                                            that of Persia.<br><br>
+
that of Persia.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                          ARTICLE 63.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 63.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                            The Turkish Government hereby agrees to accept and execute
+
The Turkish Government hereby agrees to accept and execute
                                            the decisions of both the Commissions mentioned in Article 62
+
the decisions of both the Commissions mentioned in Article 62
                                            within three months from their communication to the said
+
within three months from their communication to the said
                                            Government.<br><br>
+
Government.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                          ARTICLE 64.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 64.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                              If within one year from the coming into force of the present
+
If within one year from the coming into force of the present
                                            Treaty the Kurdish peoples within the areas defined in Article
+
Treaty the Kurdish peoples within the areas defined in Article
                                            62 shall address themselves to the Council of the League of Nations in such a manner as to show that a majority of the population of these areas desires independence from Turkey, and if the
+
62 shall address themselves to the Council of the League of Nations in such a manner as to show that a majority of the population of these areas desires independence from Turkey, and if the
 
Council then considers that these peoples are capable of such independence and recommends that it should be granted to them,
 
Council then considers that these peoples are capable of such independence and recommends that it should be granted to them,
 
Turkey hereby agrees to execute such a recommendation, and to
 
Turkey hereby agrees to execute such a recommendation, and to
 
renounce all rights and title over these areas.<br><br>
 
renounce all rights and title over these areas.<br><br>
  
                  The detailed provisions for such renunciation will form the
+
The detailed provisions for such renunciation will form the
 
subject of a separate agreement between the Principal Allied
 
subject of a separate agreement between the Principal Allied
 
Powers and Turkey.<br><br>
 
Powers and Turkey.<br><br>
  
                  If and when such renunciation takes place, no objection will be
+
If and when such renunciation takes place, no objection will be
 
raised by the Principal Allied Powers to the voluntary adhesion
 
raised by the Principal Allied Powers to the voluntary adhesion
 
to such an independent Kurdish State of the Kurds inhabiting
 
to such an independent Kurdish State of the Kurds inhabiting
Line 772: Line 782:
 
Mosul vilayet.<br><br>
 
Mosul vilayet.<br><br>
  
            SECTION IV.<br>
+
SECTION IV.<br>
            SMYRNA.<br>
+
SMYRNA.<br>
            ARTICLE 65.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 65.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                  The provisions of this Section will apply to the city of Smyrna
+
The provisions of this Section will apply to the city of Smyrna
 
and the adjacent territory defined in Article 66, until the determination of their final status in accordance with Article 83.<br><br>
 
and the adjacent territory defined in Article 66, until the determination of their final status in accordance with Article 83.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 66.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 66.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                  The geographical limits of the territory adjacent to the city of
+
The geographical limits of the territory adjacent to the city of
 
Smyrna will be laid down as follows:<br><br>
 
Smyrna will be laid down as follows:<br><br>
  
                  From the mouth of the river which flows into the Aegean Sea
+
From the mouth of the river which flows into the Aegean Sea
 
about 5 kilometres north of Skalanova, eastwards,<br>
 
about 5 kilometres north of Skalanova, eastwards,<br>
  
the course of this river upstream;<br>
+
the course of this river upstream;<br>
 
   
 
   
                  then south-eastwards, the course of the southern branch of this
+
then south-eastwards, the course of the southern branch of this
 
river;<br>
 
river;<br>
  
                  then south-eastwards, to the western point of the crest of the
+
then south-eastwards, to the western point of the crest of the
 
Gumush Dagh;<br>
 
Gumush Dagh;<br>
  
                  A line to be fixed on the ground passing west of Chinar K, and
+
A line to be fixed on the ground passing west of Chinar K, and
 
east of Akche Ova;<br>
 
east of Akche Ova;<br>
  
 
thence north-eastwards, this crest line;<br>
 
thence north-eastwards, this crest line;<br>
  
                  thence northwards to a point to be chosen on the railway from
+
thence northwards to a point to be chosen on the railway from
 
Ayasoluk to Deirmendik about 1 kilometre west of Balachik
 
Ayasoluk to Deirmendik about 1 kilometre west of Balachik
 
station,<br>
 
station,<br>
  
                  a line to be fixed on the ground leaving the road and railway
+
a line to be fixed on the ground leaving the road and railway
 
from Sokia to Balachik station entirely in Turkish territory;<br>
 
from Sokia to Balachik station entirely in Turkish territory;<br>
  
                                                            thence northwards to a point to be chosen on the southern
+
thence northwards to a point to be chosen on the southern
                                          boundary of the Sandjak of Smyrna,<br>
+
boundary of the Sandjak of Smyrna,<br>
                                          a line to be fixed on the ground;<br>
+
                                          thence to a point to be chosen in the neighbourhood of Bos
+
                                          Dagh situated about 15 kilometres north-east of Odemish,<br>
+
                                          the southern and eastern boundary of the Sandjak of Smyrna;<br>
+
                                          thence northwards to a point to be chosen on the railway from
+
                                          Manisa to Alashehr about 6 kilometres west of Salihli,<br>
+
                                          a line to be fixed on the ground;<br>
+
                                          thence northwards to Geurenez Dagh,<br>
+
                                          a line to be fixed on the ground passing east of Mermer Geul
+
                                          west of Kemer, crossing the Kum Chai approximately south of
+
                                          Akshalan, and then following the watershed west of Kavakalan;<br>
+
  
                                          thence north-westwards to a point to be chosen on the boundary
+
a line to be fixed on the ground;<br>
                                          between the Cazas of Kirkagach and Ak Hissar about 18 kilometres east of Kirkagach and 20 kilometres north of Ak Hissar,<br>
+
thence to a point to be chosen in the neighbourhood of Bos
                                          a line to be fixed on the ground;<br>
+
Dagh situated about 15 kilometres north-east of Odemish,<br>
                                          thence westwards to its junction with the boundary of the Caza
+
the southern and eastern boundary of the Sandjak of Smyrna;<br>
                                          of Soma,<br>
+
thence northwards to a point to be chosen on the railway from
                                          the southern boundary of the Caza of Kirkagach,<br>
+
Manisa to Alashehr about 6 kilometres west of Salihli,<br>
                                          thence westwards to its junction with the boundary of the Sandjak of Smyrna,<br>
+
a line to be fixed on the ground;<br>
                                          the southern boundary of the Caza of Soma;<br>
+
 
                                          thence northwards to its junction with the boundary of the
+
thence northwards to Geurenez Dagh,<br>
                                          vilayet of Smyrna,<br>
+
a line to be fixed on the ground passing east of Mermer Geul
                                          the north-eastern boundary of the Sandjak of Smyrna;<br>
+
west of Kemer, crossing the Kum Chai approximately south of
                                          thence westwards to a point to be chosen in the neighbourhood
+
Akshalan, and then following the watershed west of Kavakalan;<br>
                                          of Charpajik (Tepe).<br>
+
 
                                          the northern boundary of the vilayet of Smyrna;<br>
+
thence north-westwards to a point to be chosen on the boundary
                                          thence northwards to a point to be chosen on the ground about
+
between the Cazas of Kirkagach and Ak Hissar about 18 kilometres east of Kirkagach and 20 kilometres north of Ak Hissar,<br>
                                          4 kilometres southwest of Keuiluje,<br>
+
 
                                          a line to be fixed on the ground;<br>
+
a line to be fixed on the ground;<br>
                                          thence westwards to a point to be selected on the ground between Cape Dahlina and Kemer Iskele,<br>
+
thence westwards to its junction with the boundary of the Caza
                                          a line to be fixed on the ground passing south of Kemer and
+
of Soma,<br>
                                          Kemer Iskele together with the road joining these places.<br><br>
+
 
 +
the southern boundary of the Caza of Kirkagach,<br>
 +
thence westwards to its junction with the boundary of the Sandjak of Smyrna,<br>
 +
the southern boundary of the Caza of Soma;<br>
 +
 
 +
thence northwards to its junction with the boundary of the
 +
vilayet of Smyrna,<br>
 +
 
 +
the north-eastern boundary of the Sandjak of Smyrna;<br>
 +
thence westwards to a point to be chosen in the neighbourhood
 +
 
 +
of Charpajik (Tepe).<br>
 +
 
 +
the northern boundary of the vilayet of Smyrna;<br>
 +
thence northwards to a point to be chosen on the ground about
 +
4 kilometres southwest of Keuiluje,<br>
 +
 
 +
a line to be fixed on the ground;<br>
 +
 
 +
thence westwards to a point to be selected on the ground between Cape Dahlina and Kemer Iskele,<br>
 +
 
 +
a line to be fixed on the ground passing south of Kemer and
 +
Kemer Iskele together with the road joining these places.<br><br>
 
                                            
 
                                            
                                                        ARTICLE 67.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 67.<br><br>
 
                                                          
 
                                                          
                                                            A Commission shall be constituted within fifteen days from
+
A Commission shall be constituted within fifteen days from
                                          the coming into force of the present Treaty to trace on the spot
+
the coming into force of the present Treaty to trace on the spot
                                          the boundaries of the territories described in Article 66. This
+
the boundaries of the territories described in Article 66. This
 
Commission shall be composed of three members nominated by
 
Commission shall be composed of three members nominated by
 
the British, French and Italian Governments respectively, one
 
the British, French and Italian Governments respectively, one
 
member nominated by the Greek Government, and one nominated by the Turkish Government.<br><br>
 
member nominated by the Greek Government, and one nominated by the Turkish Government.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 68.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 68.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                Subject to the provisions of this Section, the city of Smyrna
+
Subject to the provisions of this Section, the city of Smyrna
 
and the territory defined in Article 66 will be assimilated, in the
 
and the territory defined in Article 66 will be assimilated, in the
 
application of the present Treaty, to territory detached from
 
application of the present Treaty, to territory detached from
 
Turkey.<br><br>
 
Turkey.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 69<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 69<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                The city of Smyrna and the territory defined in Article 66
+
The city of Smyrna and the territory defined in Article 66
 
remain under Turkish sovereignty. Turkey, however, transfers
 
remain under Turkish sovereignty. Turkey, however, transfers
 
to the Greek Government the exercise of her rights of sovereignty
 
to the Greek Government the exercise of her rights of sovereignty
Line 868: Line 889:
 
be designated by the Principal Allied Powers.<br><br>
 
be designated by the Principal Allied Powers.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 70.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 70.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                The Greek Government will be responsible for the administration of the city of Smyrna and the territory defined in Article 66,
+
The Greek Government will be responsible for the administration of the city of Smyrna and the territory defined in Article 66,
 
and will effect this administration by means of a body of officials
 
and will effect this administration by means of a body of officials
 
which it will appoint specially for the purpose.<br><br>
 
which it will appoint specially for the purpose.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 71.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 71.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                The Greek Government shall be entitled to maintain in the
+
The Greek Government shall be entitled to maintain in the
 
city of Smyrna and the territory defined in Article 66 the military
 
city of Smyrna and the territory defined in Article 66 the military
 
forces required for the maintenance of order and public security.
 
forces required for the maintenance of order and public security.
 
<br><br>
 
<br><br>
            ARTICLE 72.<br><br>
+
 
 +
ARTICLE 72.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                A local parliament shall be set up with an electoral system
+
A local parliament shall be set up with an electoral system
 
calculated to ensure proportional representation of all sections
 
calculated to ensure proportional representation of all sections
 
of the population, including racial, linguistic and religious
 
of the population, including racial, linguistic and religious
Line 890: Line 912:
 
not come into force until approved by a majority of the Council.<br><br>
 
not come into force until approved by a majority of the Council.<br><br>
  
                                                          The Greek Government shall be entitled to postpone the elections for so long as may be required for the return of the inhabitants who have been banished or deported by the Turkish authorities, but such postponement shall not exceed a period of one
+
The Greek Government shall be entitled to postpone the elections for so long as may be required for the return of the inhabitants who have been banished or deported by the Turkish authorities, but such postponement shall not exceed a period of one
                                          year from the coming into force of the present Treaty.<br><br>
+
year from the coming into force of the present Treaty.<br><br>
 
                                            
 
                                            
                                                        ARTICLE 73.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 73.<br><br>
 
                                                          
 
                                                          
                                                          The relations between the Greek administration and the local
+
The relations between the Greek administration and the local
                                          parliament shall be determined by the said administration in
+
parliament shall be determined by the said administration in
                                          accordance with the principles of the Greek Constitution.<br><br>
+
accordance with the principles of the Greek Constitution.<br><br>
 
                                            
 
                                            
                                                        ARTICLE 74.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 74.<br><br>
 
                                                          
 
                                                          
                                                          Compulsory military service shall not be enforced in the city
+
Compulsory military service shall not be enforced in the city
                                          of Smyrna and the territory defined in Article 66 pending the
+
of Smyrna and the territory defined in Article 66 pending the
                                          final determination of their status in accordance with Article 83.<br><br>
+
final determination of their status in accordance with Article 83.<br><br>
 
                                            
 
                                            
                                                        ARTICLE 75.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 75.<br><br>
 
+
 
                                                          
 
                                                          
                                                          The provisions of the separate Treaty referred to in Article 86
+
The provisions of the separate Treaty referred to in Article 86
                                          relating to the protection of racial, linguistic and religious
+
relating to the protection of racial, linguistic and religious
                                          minorities, and to freedom of commerce and transit, shall be
+
minorities, and to freedom of commerce and transit, shall be
                                          applicable to the city of Smyrna and the territory defined in
+
applicable to the city of Smyrna and the territory defined in
                                          Article 66.<br><br>
+
Article 66.<br><br>
 
                                            
 
                                            
                                                        ARTICLE 76.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 76.<br><br>
 
                                                          
 
                                                          
                                                          The Greek Government may establish a Customs boundary
+
The Greek Government may establish a Customs boundary
                                          along the frontier line defined in Article 66, and may incorporate
+
along the frontier line defined in Article 66, and may incorporate
                                          the city of Smyrna and the territory defined in the said Article
+
the city of Smyrna and the territory defined in the said Article
                                          in the Greek customs system.<br><br>
+
in the Greek customs system.<br><br>
 
                                            
 
                                            
                                                        ARTICLE 77.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 77.<br><br>
 
                                                          
 
                                                          
                                                          The Greek Government engages to take no measures which
+
The Greek Government engages to take no measures which
                                          would have the effect of depreciating the existing Turkish currency, which shall retain its character as legal tender pending
+
would have the effect of depreciating the existing Turkish currency, which shall retain its character as legal tender pending
                                          the determination, in accordance with the provisions of Article
+
the determination, in accordance with the provisions of Article
                                          83, of the final status of the territory.<br><br>
+
83, of the final status of the territory.<br><br>
 
                                            
 
                                            
                                                        ARTICLE 78.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 78.<br><br>
 
                                                          
 
                                                          
                                                          The provisions of Part XI (Ports, Waterways and Railways)
+
The provisions of Part XI (Ports, Waterways and Railways)
                                          relating to the regime of ports of international interest, free
+
relating to the regime of ports of international interest, free
                                          ports and transit shall be applicable to the city of Smyrna and
+
ports and transit shall be applicable to the city of Smyrna and
                                          the territory defined in Article 66.<br><br>
+
the territory defined in Article 66.<br><br>
 
+
 
+
  
            ARTICLE 79.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 79.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                  As regards nationality, such inhabitants of the city of Smyrna
+
As regards nationality, such inhabitants of the city of Smyrna
 
and the territory defined in Article 66 as are of Turkish nationality and cannot claim any other nationality under the terms of
 
and the territory defined in Article 66 as are of Turkish nationality and cannot claim any other nationality under the terms of
 
the present Treaty shall be treated on exactly the same footing
 
the present Treaty shall be treated on exactly the same footing
Line 945: Line 964:
 
and consular protection abroad.<br><br>
 
and consular protection abroad.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 80.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 80.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                  The provisions of Article 24I, Part VIII (Financial Clauses)
+
The provisions of Article 24I, Part VIII (Financial Clauses)
 
will apply in the case of the city of Smyrna and the territory
 
will apply in the case of the city of Smyrna and the territory
 
defined in Article 66.<br><br>
 
defined in Article 66.<br><br>
  
                  The provisions of Article 293, Part IX (Economic Clauses)
+
The provisions of Article 293, Part IX (Economic Clauses)
 
will not be applicable in the case of the said city and territory.<br><br>
 
will not be applicable in the case of the said city and territory.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 8I.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 8I.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                  Until the determination, in accordance with the provisions of
+
Until the determination, in accordance with the provisions of
 
Article 83, of the final status of Smyrna and the territory defined
 
Article 83, of the final status of Smyrna and the territory defined
 
in Article 66, the rights to exploit the salt marshes of Phocea belonging to the Administration of the Ottoman Public Debt,
 
in Article 66, the rights to exploit the salt marshes of Phocea belonging to the Administration of the Ottoman Public Debt,
Line 967: Line 986:
 
defined in Article 66. <br><br>
 
defined in Article 66. <br><br>
  
                  If after the expiration of the period referred to in the preceding
+
If after the expiration of the period referred to in the preceding
 
paragraph Greece considers it opportuhe to effect changes in the
 
paragraph Greece considers it opportuhe to effect changes in the
 
provisions above set forth, the salt marshes of Phocea will be
 
provisions above set forth, the salt marshes of Phocea will be
Line 975: Line 994:
 
of the present Treaty.<br><br>
 
of the present Treaty.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 82.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 82.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                  Subsequent agreements will decide all questions which are
+
Subsequent agreements will decide all questions which are
 
not decided by the present Treaty and which may arise from
 
not decided by the present Treaty and which may arise from
 
the execution of the provisions of this Section.<br><br>
 
the execution of the provisions of this Section.<br><br>
                                                        ARTICLE 83.<br><br>
+
 
                                                            When a period of five years shall have elapsed after the coming
+
ARTICLE 83.<br><br>
                                          into force of the present Treaty the local parliament referred to
+
 
                                          in Article 72 may, by a majority of votes, ask the Council of the
+
When a period of five years shall have elapsed after the coming
                                          League of Nations for the definitive incorporation in the King
+
into force of the present Treaty the local parliament referred to
 +
in Article 72 may, by a majority of votes, ask the Council of the
 +
League of Nations for the definitive incorporation in the King
 
dom of Greece of the city of Smyrna and the territory defined in
 
dom of Greece of the city of Smyrna and the territory defined in
                                          Article 66. The Council may require, as a preliminary, a plebiscite under conditions which it will lay down.<br><br>
+
Article 66. The Council may require, as a preliminary, a plebiscite under conditions which it will lay down.<br><br>
 
                                            
 
                                            
                                                            In the event of such incorporation as a result of the application
+
In the event of such incorporation as a result of the application
                                          of the foregoing paragraph, the Turkish sovereignty referred to
+
of the foregoing paragraph, the Turkish sovereignty referred to
                                          in Article 69 shall cease. Turkey hereby renounces in that
+
in Article 69 shall cease. Turkey hereby renounces in that
                                          event in favour of Greece all rights and title over the city of
+
event in favour of Greece all rights and title over the city of
                                          Smyrna and the territory defined in Article 66.<br><br>
+
Smyrna and the territory defined in Article 66.<br><br>
 
                                            
 
                                            
                                                        SECTION V.<br><br>
+
SECTION V.<br><br>
                                                        GREECE.<br><br>
+
GREECE.<br><br>
                                                        ARTICLE 84.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 84.<br><br>
 
                                                          
 
                                                          
                                                            Without prejudice to the frontiers of Bulgaria laid down by
+
Without prejudice to the frontiers of Bulgaria laid down by
                                          the Treaty of Peace signed at Neuilly-sur-Seine on November
+
the Treaty of Peace signed at Neuilly-sur-Seine on November
 
+
27, 1919, Turkey renounces in favour of Greece all rights and
                                          27, 1919, Turkey renounces in favour of Greece all rights and
+
title over the territories of the former Turkish Empire in Europe situated outside the frontiers of Turkey as laid down by the present Treaty.<br><br>
                                          title over the territories of the former Turkish Empire in Europe situated outside the frontiers of Turkey as laid down by the present Treaty.<br><br>
+
 
                                            
 
                                            
                                                            The islands of the Sea of Marmora are not included in the
+
The islands of the Sea of Marmora are not included in the
                                            transfer of sovereignty effected by the above paragraph.<br><br>
+
transfer of sovereignty effected by the above paragraph.<br><br>
 +
                                       
 +
Turkey further renounces in favour of Greece all her rights and
 +
title over the islands of Imbros and Tenedos. The decision taken
 +
by the Conference of Ambassadors at London in execution of
 +
Articles 5 of the Treaty of London of May 17-30, 1913, and 15
 +
of the Treaty of Athens of November 1-14, 1913, and notified to
 +
the Greek Govermnent on February 13, 1914, relating to the sovereignty of Greece over the other islands of the Eastern Mediterranean, particularly Lemnos, Samothrace, Mytilene, Chios,
 +
Samos and Nikaria, is confirmed, without prejudice to the
 +
provisions of the present Treaty relating to the islands placed
 +
under the sovereignty of Italy and referred to in Article 122, and
 +
to the islands lying less than three miles fron the coast of
 +
Asia.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                            Turkey further renounces in favour of Greece all her rights and
+
Nevertheless, in the portion of the zone of the Straits and
                                            title over the islands of Imbros and Tenedos. The decision taken
+
the islands, referred to in Article 178, which under the present
                                            by the Conference of Ambassadors at London in execution of
+
                                            Articles 5 of the Treaty of London of May 17-30, 1913, and 15
+
                                            of the Treaty of Athens of November 1-14, 1913, and notified to
+
                                            the Greek Govermnent on February 13, 1914, relating to the sovereignty of Greece over the other islands of the Eastern Mediterranean, particularly Lemnos, Samothrace, Mytilene, Chios,
+
                                            Samos and Nikaria, is confirmed, without prejudice to the
+
                                            provisions of the present Treaty relating to the islands placed
+
                                            under the sovereignty of Italy and referred to in Article 122, and
+
                                            to the islands lying less than three miles fron the coast of
+
                                            Asia.<br><br>
+
                                           
+
                                                            Nevertheless, in the portion of the zone of the Straits and
+
                                            the islands, referred to in Article 178, which under the present
+
 
+
 
Treaty are placed under Greek sovereignty, Greece accepts and
 
Treaty are placed under Greek sovereignty, Greece accepts and
 
undertakes to observe, failing any contrary stipulation in the
 
undertakes to observe, failing any contrary stipulation in the
Line 1,029: Line 1,048:
 
the Sea of Marmora, which remains under Turkish sovereignty.<br><br>
 
the Sea of Marmora, which remains under Turkish sovereignty.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 85.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 85.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                A Commission shall be constituted within fifteen days from the
+
A Commission shall be constituted within fifteen days from the
 
coming into force of the present Treaty to trace on the spot the
 
coming into force of the present Treaty to trace on the spot the
 
frontier line described in Article 27, 1 (2). This Commission shall
 
frontier line described in Article 27, 1 (2). This Commission shall
Line 1,038: Line 1,057:
 
nominated by Turkey.<br><br>
 
nominated by Turkey.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 86.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 86.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                Greece accepts and agrees to embody in a separate Treaty such
+
Greece accepts and agrees to embody in a separate Treaty such
 
provisions as may be deemed necessary, particularly as regards
 
provisions as may be deemed necessary, particularly as regards
 
Adrianople, to protect the interests of inhabitants of that State
 
Adrianople, to protect the interests of inhabitants of that State
Line 1,046: Line 1,065:
 
or religion.<br><br>
 
or religion.<br><br>
  
                Greece further accepts and agrees to embody in a separate
+
Greece further accepts and agrees to embody in a separate
 
Treaty such provisions as may be deemed necessary to protect
 
Treaty such provisions as may be deemed necessary to protect
 
freedom of transit and equitable treatment for the commerce
 
freedom of transit and equitable treatment for the commerce
 
of other nations.<br><br>
 
of other nations.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 87.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 87.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                The proportion and nature of the financial obligations of
+
The proportion and nature of the financial obligations of
 
Turkey which Greece will have to assume on account of the
 
Turkey which Greece will have to assume on account of the
 
territory placed under her sovereignty will be determined in
 
territory placed under her sovereignty will be determined in
Line 1,059: Line 1,078:
 
Clauses) of the present Treaty.<br><br>
 
Clauses) of the present Treaty.<br><br>
  
                Subsequent agreements will decide all questions which are not
+
Subsequent agreements will decide all questions which are not
 
decided by the present Treaty and which may arise in consequence of the transfer of the said territories.<br><br>
 
decided by the present Treaty and which may arise in consequence of the transfer of the said territories.<br><br>
  
            SECTION VI.<br><br>
+
SECTION VI.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
            ARMENIA.<br>
+
ARMENIA.<br>
 
              
 
              
            ARTICLE 88.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 88.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                Turkey, in accordance with the action already taken by the
+
Turkey, in accordance with the action already taken by the
 
Allied Powers, hereby recognises Armenia as a free and independent State.<br><br>
 
Allied Powers, hereby recognises Armenia as a free and independent State.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 89.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 89.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                                                              Turkey and Armenia as well as the other High Contracting
+
Turkey and Armenia as well as the other High Contracting
 
Parties agree to submit to the arbitration of the President of the
 
Parties agree to submit to the arbitration of the President of the
 
United States of America the question of the frontier to be fixed
 
United States of America the question of the frontier to be fixed
Line 1,082: Line 1,101:
 
of Turkish territory adjacent to the said frontier.<br><br>
 
of Turkish territory adjacent to the said frontier.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 90.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 90.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                                                              In the event of the determination of the frontier under Article
+
In the event of the determination of the frontier under Article
 
89 involving the transfer of the whole or any part of the territory
 
89 involving the transfer of the whole or any part of the territory
 
of the said Vilayets to Armenia, Turkey hereby renounces as
 
of the said Vilayets to Armenia, Turkey hereby renounces as
Line 1,092: Line 1,111:
 
applicable to the said territory.<br><br>
 
applicable to the said territory.<br><br>
  
                                                              The proportion and nature of the financial obligations of
+
The proportion and nature of the financial obligations of
 
Turkey which Armenia will have to assume, or of the rights
 
Turkey which Armenia will have to assume, or of the rights
 
which will pass to her, on account of the transfer of the said
 
which will pass to her, on account of the transfer of the said
Line 1,098: Line 1,117:
 
244, Part VIII (Financial Clauses) of the present Treaty.<br><br>
 
244, Part VIII (Financial Clauses) of the present Treaty.<br><br>
  
                                                              Subsequent agreements will, if necessary, decide all questions
+
Subsequent agreements will, if necessary, decide all questions
 
which are not decided by the present Treaty and which may
 
which are not decided by the present Treaty and which may
 
arise in consequence of the transfer of the said territory.<br><br>
 
arise in consequence of the transfer of the said territory.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 91.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 91.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                                                              In the event of any portion of the territory referred to in
+
In the event of any portion of the territory referred to in
 
Article 89 being transferred to Armenia, a Boundary Commission,
 
Article 89 being transferred to Armenia, a Boundary Commission,
 
whose composition will be determined subsequently, will be
 
whose composition will be determined subsequently, will be
Line 1,111: Line 1,130:
 
between Armenia and Turkey as established by such decision.<br><br>
 
between Armenia and Turkey as established by such decision.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 92.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 92.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                                                              The frontiers between Armenia and Azerbaijan and Georgia
+
The frontiers between Armenia and Azerbaijan and Georgia
 
respectively will be determined by direct agreement between
 
respectively will be determined by direct agreement between
 
the States concerned.<br><br>
 
the States concerned.<br><br>
Line 1,123: Line 1,142:
 
traced on the spot.<br><br>
 
traced on the spot.<br><br>
  
              ARTICLE 93.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 93.<br><br>
 
                
 
                
                Armenia accepts and agrees to embody in a Treaty with the
+
Armenia accepts and agrees to embody in a Treaty with the
 
Principal Allied Powers such provisions as may be deemed
 
Principal Allied Powers such provisions as may be deemed
 
necessary by these Powers to protect the interests of inhabitants
 
necessary by these Powers to protect the interests of inhabitants
Line 1,131: Line 1,150:
 
race, language, or religion.<br><br>
 
race, language, or religion.<br><br>
  
              Armenia further accepts and agrees to embody in a Treaty
+
Armenia further accepts and agrees to embody in a Treaty
 
with the Principal Allied Powers such provisions as these Powers
 
with the Principal Allied Powers such provisions as these Powers
 
may deem necessary to protect freedom of transit and equitable
 
may deem necessary to protect freedom of transit and equitable
 
treatment for the commerce of other nations.<br><br>
 
treatment for the commerce of other nations.<br><br>
  
          SECTION VII.<br>
+
SECTION VII.<br>
    SYRIA, MESOPOTAMIA, PALESTINE.<br>
+
SYRIA, MESOPOTAMIA, PALESTINE.<br>
          ARTICLE 94.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 94.<br><br>
 
      
 
      
              The High Contracting Parties agree that Syria and Mesopotamia shall, in accordance with the fourth paragraph of Article 22.<br><br>
+
The High Contracting Parties agree that Syria and Mesopotamia shall, in accordance with the fourth paragraph of Article 22.<br><br>
  
 
Part I (Covenant of the League of Nations), be provisionally
 
Part I (Covenant of the League of Nations), be provisionally
Line 1,147: Line 1,166:
 
time as they are able to stand alone.<br><br>
 
time as they are able to stand alone.<br><br>
  
                A Commission shall be constituted within fifteen days from
+
A Commission shall be constituted within fifteen days from
 
the coming into force of the present Treaty to trace on the spot
 
the coming into force of the present Treaty to trace on the spot
 
the frontier line described in Article 27, II (2) and (3). This
 
the frontier line described in Article 27, II (2) and (3). This
Line 1,155: Line 1,174:
 
Syria for the Syrian frontier, and by a representative of Mesopotamia for the Mesopotamian frontier.<br><br>
 
Syria for the Syrian frontier, and by a representative of Mesopotamia for the Mesopotamian frontier.<br><br>
  
                The determination of the other frontiers of the said States,
+
The determination of the other frontiers of the said States,
 
and the selection of the Mandatories, will be made by the Principal Allied Powers.<br><br>
 
and the selection of the Mandatories, will be made by the Principal Allied Powers.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 95.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 95.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                The High Contracting Parties agree to entrust, by application
+
The High Contracting Parties agree to entrust, by application
 
of the provisions of Article 22, the administration of Palestine,
 
of the provisions of Article 22, the administration of Palestine,
                                              within such boundaries as may be determined by the Principal
+
within such boundaries as may be determined by the Principal
                                              Allied Powers, to a Mandatory to be selected by the said Powers.
+
Allied Powers, to a Mandatory to be selected by the said Powers.
                                              The Mandatory will be responsible for putting into effect the
+
The Mandatory will be responsible for putting into effect the
                                              declaration originally made on November 2, 1917, by the British
+
declaration originally made on November 2, 1917, by the British
                                              Government, and adopted by the other Allied Powers, in favour
+
Government, and adopted by the other Allied Powers, in favour
                                              of the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the
+
of the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the
                                              Jewish people, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be
+
Jewish people, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be
                                              done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing
+
done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing
                                              non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political
+
non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political
                                              status enjoyed by Jews in any other country.<br><br>
+
status enjoyed by Jews in any other country.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                            The Mandatory undertakes to appoint as soon as possible a
+
The Mandatory undertakes to appoint as soon as possible a
                                              special Commission to study and regulate all questions and
+
special Commission to study and regulate all questions and
                                              claims relating to the different religious communities. In the
+
claims relating to the different religious communities. In the
                                              composition of this Commission the religious interests concerned
+
composition of this Commission the religious interests concerned
                                              will be taken into account. The Chairman of the Commission
+
will be taken into account. The Chairman of the Commission
                                              will be appointed by the Council of the League of Nations.<br><br>
+
will be appointed by the Council of the League of Nations.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                          ARTICLE 96.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 96.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                              The terms of the mandates in respect of the above territories
+
The terms of the mandates in respect of the above territories
                                              will be formulated by the Principal Allied Powers and submitted
+
will be formulated by the Principal Allied Powers and submitted
                                              to the Council of the League of Nations for approval.<br><br>
+
to the Council of the League of Nations for approval.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                            ARTICLE 97.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 97.<br><br>
 
                                                              
 
                                                              
                                                              Turkey hereby undertakes, in accordance with the provisions
+
Turkey hereby undertakes, in accordance with the provisions
                                              of Article 132, to accept any decisions which may be taken in
+
of Article 132, to accept any decisions which may be taken in
                                              relation to the questions dealt with in this Section.<br><br>
+
relation to the questions dealt with in this Section.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                          SECTION VIII.<br>
+
SECTION VIII.<br>
                                                            HEDJAZ.<br>
+
HEDJAZ.<br>
                                                          ARTICLE 98.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 98.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                              Turkey, in accordance with the action already taken by the
+
Turkey, in accordance with the action already taken by the
                                              Allied Powers, hereby recognises the Hedjaz as a free and
+
Allied Powers, hereby recognises the Hedjaz as a free and
                                              indepedent State, and renounces in favour of the Hedjaz all
+
indepedent State, and renounces in favour of the Hedjaz all
                                              rights and titles over the territories of the former Turkish Empire situated outside the frontiers of Turkey as laid down by the
+
rights and titles over the territories of the former Turkish Empire situated outside the frontiers of Turkey as laid down by the
                                              present Treaty, and comprised within the boundaries which may
+
present Treaty, and comprised within the boundaries which may
                                              ultimately be fixed.<br><br>
+
ultimately be fixed.<br><br>
  
              ARTICLE 99.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 99.<br><br>
 
                
 
                
              In view of the sacred character attributed by Moslems of all
+
In view of the sacred character attributed by Moslems of all
 
countries to the cities and the Holy Places of Mecca and Medina
 
countries to the cities and the Holy Places of Mecca and Medina
 
His Majesty the King of the Hedjaz undertakes to assure free
 
His Majesty the King of the Hedjaz undertakes to assure free
Line 1,214: Line 1,233:
 
accordance with the precepts of the law of the Koran.
 
accordance with the precepts of the law of the Koran.
 
<br><br>
 
<br><br>
            ARTICLE 100.<br><br>
+
 
 +
ARTICLE 100.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
              His Majesty the King of the Hedjaz undertakes that in commercial matters the most complete equality of treatment shall
+
His Majesty the King of the Hedjaz undertakes that in commercial matters the most complete equality of treatment shall
 
be assured in the territory of the Hedjaz to the persons, ships
 
be assured in the territory of the Hedjaz to the persons, ships
 
and goods of nationals of any of the Allied Powers, or of any of
 
and goods of nationals of any of the Allied Powers, or of any of
Line 1,223: Line 1,243:
 
of States, Members of the League of Nations.<br><br>
 
of States, Members of the League of Nations.<br><br>
  
          SECTION IX.<br><br>
+
SECTION IX.<br><br>
        EGYPT, SOUDAN, CYPRUS.<br>
+
EGYPT, SOUDAN, CYPRUS.<br>
            I. EGYPT.<br>
+
I. EGYPT.<br>
          ARTICLE 101.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 101.<br><br>
 
          
 
          
                Turkey renounces all rights and title in or over Egypt. This
+
Turkey renounces all rights and title in or over Egypt. This
 
renunciation shall take effect as from November 5, 1914. Turkey
 
renunciation shall take effect as from November 5, 1914. Turkey
 
declares that in conformity with the action taken by the Allied
 
declares that in conformity with the action taken by the Allied
Line 1,234: Line 1,254:
 
by Great Britain on December 18, 1914.<br><br>
 
by Great Britain on December 18, 1914.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 102.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 102.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                Turkish subjects habitually resident in Egypt on December 18,
+
Turkish subjects habitually resident in Egypt on December 18,
 
1914, will acquire Egyptian nationality ipso facto and will lose
 
1914, will acquire Egyptian nationality ipso facto and will lose
 
their Turkish nationality, except that if at that date such persons
 
their Turkish nationality, except that if at that date such persons
Line 1,243: Line 1,263:
 
special authorisation from the Egyptian Government.<br><br>
 
special authorisation from the Egyptian Government.<br><br>
  
                                                          ARTICLE 103.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 103.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                            Turkish subjects who became resident in Egypt after December 18, 1914, and are habitually resident there at the date of the
+
Turkish subjects who became resident in Egypt after December 18, 1914, and are habitually resident there at the date of the
                                              coming into force of the present Treaty may, subject to the
+
coming into force of the present Treaty may, subject to the
                                              conditions prescribed in Article 105 for the right of option, claim
+
conditions prescribed in Article 105 for the right of option, claim
                                              Egyptian nationality, but such claim may in individual cases
+
Egyptian nationality, but such claim may in individual cases
                                              be refused by the competent Egyptian authority.<br><br>
+
be refused by the competent Egyptian authority.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                          ARTICLE 104.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 104.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                            For all purposes connected with the present Treaty, Egypt
+
For all purposes connected with the present Treaty, Egypt
                                              and Egyptian nationals, their goods and vessels, shall be treated
+
and Egyptian nationals, their goods and vessels, shall be treated
                                              on the same footing, as from August I, 1914, as the Allied Powers,
+
on the same footing, as from August I, 1914, as the Allied Powers,
                                              their nationals, goods and vessels, and provisions in respect of
+
their nationals, goods and vessels, and provisions in respect of
                                              territory under Turkish sovereignty, or of territory detached from
+
territory under Turkish sovereignty, or of territory detached from
                                              Turkey in accordance with the present Treaty, shall not apply
+
Turkey in accordance with the present Treaty, shall not apply
                                              to Egypt.<br><br>
+
to Egypt.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                          ARTICLE I05.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE I05.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                            Within a period of one year after the coming into force of the
+
Within a period of one year after the coming into force of the
                                              present Treaty persons over eighteen years of age acquiring
+
present Treaty persons over eighteen years of age acquiring
                                              Egyptian nationality under the provisions of Article 102 will be
+
Egyptian nationality under the provisions of Article 102 will be
                                              entitled to opt for Turkish nationality. In case such persons, or
+
entitled to opt for Turkish nationality. In case such persons, or
                                              those who under Article 103 are entitled to claim Egyptian
+
those who under Article 103 are entitled to claim Egyptian
                                              nationality, differ in race from the majority of the population of
+
nationality, differ in race from the majority of the population of
                                              Egypt, they will within the same period be entitled to opt for
+
Egypt, they will within the same period be entitled to opt for
                                              the nationality of any State in favour of which territory is
+
the nationality of any State in favour of which territory is
                                              detached from Turkey, if the majority of the population of that
+
detached from Turkey, if the majority of the population of that
                                              State is of the same race as the person exercising the right to opt.<br><br>
+
State is of the same race as the person exercising the right to opt.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                              Option by a husband covers a wife and option by parents
+
Option by a husband covers a wife and option by parents
                                              covers their children under eighteen years of age.<br><br>
+
covers their children under eighteen years of age.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                              Persons who have exercised the above right to opt must,
+
Persons who have exercised the above right to opt must,
                                              except where authorised to continue to reside in Egypt, transfer
+
except where authorised to continue to reside in Egypt, transfer
                                              within the ensuing twelve months their place of residence to the
+
within the ensuing twelve months their place of residence to the
                                              State for which they have opted. They will be entitled to retain
+
State for which they have opted. They will be entitled to retain
                                              their immovable property in Egypt, and may carry with them
+
their immovable property in Egypt, and may carry with them
                                              their movable property of every description. No export or
+
their movable property of every description. No export or
                                              import duties or charges may be imposed upon them in connection
+
import duties or charges may be imposed upon them in connection
                                              with the removal of such property.<br><br>
+
with the removal of such property.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                          ARTICLE 106.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 106.<br><br>
                                                The Egyptian Government shall have complete liberty of
+
The Egyptian Government shall have complete liberty of
 
action in regulating the status of Turkish subjects in Egypt and
 
action in regulating the status of Turkish subjects in Egypt and
 
the conditions under which they may establish themselves in
 
the conditions under which they may establish themselves in
 
the territory.<br><br>
 
the territory.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 107.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 107.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                Egyptian nationals shall be entitled, when abroad, to British
+
Egyptian nationals shall be entitled, when abroad, to British
 
diplonlatic and consular protection.<br><br>
 
diplonlatic and consular protection.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 108.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 108.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                Egyptian goods entering Turkey shall enjoy the treatment
+
Egyptian goods entering Turkey shall enjoy the treatment
 
accorded to British goods.<br><br>
 
accorded to British goods.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 109.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 109.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                Turkey renounces in favour of Great Britain the powers conferred upon His Imperial Majesty the Sultan by the Convention
+
Turkey renounces in favour of Great Britain the powers conferred upon His Imperial Majesty the Sultan by the Convention
 
signed at Constantinople on October 29, 1888, relating to the
 
signed at Constantinople on October 29, 1888, relating to the
 
free navigation of the Suez Canal.<br><br>
 
free navigation of the Suez Canal.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 110.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 110.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                All property and possessions in Egypt belonging to the Turkish
+
All property and possessions in Egypt belonging to the Turkish
 
Government pass to the Egyptian Government without payment.<br><br>
 
Government pass to the Egyptian Government without payment.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 111 .<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 111 .<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                All movable and immovable property in Egypt belonging to
+
All movable and immovable property in Egypt belonging to
 
Turkish nationals (who do not acquire Egyptian nationality)
 
Turkish nationals (who do not acquire Egyptian nationality)
 
shall be dealt with in aecordance with the provisions of Part IX
 
shall be dealt with in aecordance with the provisions of Part IX
 
(Economie Clauses) of the present Treaty.<br><br>
 
(Economie Clauses) of the present Treaty.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 112.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 112.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                Turkey renounces all claim to the tribute formerly paid by
+
Turkey renounces all claim to the tribute formerly paid by
 
Egypt.<br><br>
 
Egypt.<br><br>
  
                Great Britain undertakes to relieve Turkey of all liability in
+
Great Britain undertakes to relieve Turkey of all liability in
 
respect of the Turkish loans secured on the Egyptian tribute.<br><br>
 
respect of the Turkish loans secured on the Egyptian tribute.<br><br>
  
Line 1,332: Line 1,352:
 
The guaranteed loan of 1855;<br>
 
The guaranteed loan of 1855;<br>
  
                The loan of 1894 representing the converted loans of 1854 and
+
The loan of 1894 representing the converted loans of 1854 and
 
1871;
 
1871;
 
<br>
 
<br>
 
The loan of 1891 representing the converted loan of 1877.<br><br>
 
The loan of 1891 representing the converted loan of 1877.<br><br>
  
                The sums which the Khedives of Egypt have from time to
+
The sums which the Khedives of Egypt have from time to
 
time undertaken to pay over to the houses by which these loans
 
time undertaken to pay over to the houses by which these loans
                                            were issued will be applied as heretofore to the interest and the
+
were issued will be applied as heretofore to the interest and the
                                            sinking funds of the loans of 1894 and 1891 until the final extinction of those loans. The Government of Egypt will also continue to apply the sum hitherto paid towards the interest on
+
sinking funds of the loans of 1894 and 1891 until the final extinction of those loans. The Government of Egypt will also continue to apply the sum hitherto paid towards the interest on
                                            the guaranteed loan of 1855.<br><br>
+
the guaranteed loan of 1855.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                              Upon the extinction of these loans of 1894, 1891 and 1855, all
+
Upon the extinction of these loans of 1894, 1891 and 1855, all
                                            liability on the part of the Egyptian Government arising out of
+
liability on the part of the Egyptian Government arising out of
                                            the tribute formerly paid by Egypt to Turkey will cease.<br><br>
+
the tribute formerly paid by Egypt to Turkey will cease.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                          2. SOUDAN.<br><br>
+
2. SOUDAN.<br><br>
                                                          ARTICLE 113.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 113.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                              The High Contracting Parties declare and place on record
+
The High Contracting Parties declare and place on record
                                              that they have taken note of the Convention between the British
+
that they have taken note of the Convention between the British
                                              Government and the Egyptian Government defining the status
+
Government and the Egyptian Government defining the status
                                              and regulating the administration of the Soudan, signed on
+
and regulating the administration of the Soudan, signed on
                                              January I9, I899, as amended by the supplementary Convention
+
January I9, I899, as amended by the supplementary Convention
                                              relating to the town of Suakin signed on July 10, 1899.<br><br>
+
relating to the town of Suakin signed on July 10, 1899.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                          ARTICLE 114.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 114.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                              Soudanese shall be entitled when in foreign countries to British diplomatic and consular protection.<br><br>
+
Soudanese shall be entitled when in foreign countries to British diplomatic and consular protection.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                          3. CYPRUS<br><br>
+
3. CYPRUS<br><br>
                                                          ARTICLE 115.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 115.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                              The High Contracting Parties recognise the annexation of
+
The High Contracting Parties recognise the annexation of
                                              Cyprus proclaimed by the British Government on November 5,
+
Cyprus proclaimed by the British Government on November 5,
                                              1914.<br><br>
+
1914.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                          ARTICLE 116.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 116.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                              Turkey renounces all rights and title over or relating to
+
Turkey renounces all rights and title over or relating to
                                              Cyprus, including the right to the tribute formerly paid by that
+
Cyprus, including the right to the tribute formerly paid by that
                                              island to the Sultan.
+
island to the Sultan.<br><br>
                                              <br><br>
+
 
                                                          ARTICLE 117.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 117.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                              Turkish nationals born or habitually resident in Cyprus will
+
Turkish nationals born or habitually resident in Cyprus will
                                              acquire British nationality and lose their Turkish nationality,
+
acquire British nationality and lose their Turkish nationality,
                                              subject to the conditions laid down in the local law.<br><br>
+
subject to the conditions laid down in the local law.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
  
            SECTION X.<br><br>
+
SECTION X.<br><br>
          MOROCCO, TUNIS.<br><br>
+
MOROCCO, TUNIS.<br><br>
          ARTICLE 118.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 118.<br><br>
 
            
 
            
                Turkey recognises the French Protectorate in Morocco, and
+
Turkey recognises the French Protectorate in Morocco, and
 
accepts all the consequences thereof. This recognition shall take
 
accepts all the consequences thereof. This recognition shall take
 
effect as from March 30, 1912.<br><br>
 
effect as from March 30, 1912.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 119.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 119.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                Moroccan goods entering Turkey shall be subject to the same
+
Moroccan goods entering Turkey shall be subject to the same
 
treatment as French goods.<br><br>
 
treatment as French goods.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 120.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 120.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                Turkey recognises the French Protectorate over Tunis and
+
Turkey recognises the French Protectorate over Tunis and
 
accepts all the consequences thereof. This recognition shall take
 
accepts all the consequences thereof. This recognition shall take
 
effect as from May 12, 1881.<br><br>
 
effect as from May 12, 1881.<br><br>
  
                Tunisian goods entering Turkey shall be subject to the same
+
Tunisian goods entering Turkey shall be subject to the same
 
treatment as French goods.<br><br>
 
treatment as French goods.<br><br>
  
          SECTION XI.<br><br>
+
SECTION XI.<br><br>
        LIBYA, AEGEAN ISLANDS.<br><br>
+
LIBYA, AEGEAN ISLANDS.<br><br>
          ARTICLE 121.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 121.<br><br>
 
          
 
          
                Turkey definitely renounces all rights and privileges which
+
Turkey definitely renounces all rights and privileges which
 
under the Treaty of Lausanne of October 18, 1912, were left to
 
under the Treaty of Lausanne of October 18, 1912, were left to
 
the Sultan in Libya.<br><br>
 
the Sultan in Libya.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 122.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 122.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                Turkey renounces in favour of Italy all rights and title over
+
Turkey renounces in favour of Italy all rights and title over
 
the following islands of the Aegean Sea; Stampalia (Astropalia),
 
the following islands of the Aegean Sea; Stampalia (Astropalia),
 
Rhodes (Rhodos), Calki (Kharki), Scarpanto, Casos (Casso)
 
Rhodes (Rhodos), Calki (Kharki), Scarpanto, Casos (Casso)
Line 1,420: Line 1,440:
 
are now occupied by Italy, and the islets dependent thereon, and
 
are now occupied by Italy, and the islets dependent thereon, and
 
also over the island of Castellorizzo.<br><br>
 
also over the island of Castellorizzo.<br><br>
                                                          SECTION Xll.<br><br>
+
 
                                                          NATIONALITY.<br><br>
+
SECTION Xll.<br><br>
                                                          ARTICLE 123.<br><br>
+
NATIONALITY.<br><br>
 +
ARTICLE 123.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                              Turkish subjects habitually resident in territory which in
+
Turkish subjects habitually resident in territory which in
                                              accordance with the provisions of the present Treaty is detached
+
accordance with the provisions of the present Treaty is detached
                                              from Turkey will become ipso facto, in the conditions laid down
+
from Turkey will become ipso facto, in the conditions laid down
                                              by the local law, nationals of the State to which such territory is
+
by the local law, nationals of the State to which such territory is
                                              transferred.<br><br>
+
transferred.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                          ARTICLE 124.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 124.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                              Persons over eighteen years of age losing their Turkish nationality and obtaining ipso facto a new nationality under Article
+
Persons over eighteen years of age losing their Turkish nationality and obtaining ipso facto a new nationality under Article
                                              123 shall be entitled within a period of one year from the coming
+
123 shall be entitled within a period of one year from the coming
                                              into force of the present Treaty to opt for Turkish nationality.<br><br>
+
into force of the present Treaty to opt for Turkish nationality.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                          ARTICLE 125.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 125.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                              Persons over eighteen years of age habitually resident in
+
Persons over eighteen years of age habitually resident in
                                              territory detached from Turkey in accordance with the present
+
territory detached from Turkey in accordance with the present
                                              Treaty and differing in race from the majority of the population
+
Treaty and differing in race from the majority of the population
                                              of such territory shall within one year from the coming into
+
of such territory shall within one year from the coming into
                                              force of the present Treaty be entitled to opt for Armenia,
+
force of the present Treaty be entitled to opt for Armenia,
                                              Azerbaijan, Georgia, Greece, the Hedjaz, Mesopotamia, Syria,
+
Azerbaijan, Georgia, Greece, the Hedjaz, Mesopotamia, Syria,
                                              Bulgaria or Turkey, if the majority of the population of the
+
Bulgaria or Turkey, if the majority of the population of the
                                              State selected is of the same race as the person exercising the
+
State selected is of the same race as the person exercising the
                                              right to opt.<br><br>
+
right to opt.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                            ARTICLE 126.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 126.<br><br>
 
                                                              
 
                                                              
                                                              Persons who have exercised the right to opt in accordance with the provisions of Articles 124 or 125 must within the succeeding
+
Persons who have exercised the right to opt in accordance with the provisions of Articles 124 or 125 must within the succeeding
                                              twelve months transfer their place of residence to the State for
+
twelve months transfer their place of residence to the State for
                                              which they have opted.<br><br>
+
which they have opted.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                              They will be entitled to retain their immovable property in
+
They will be entitled to retain their immovable property in
                                              the territory of the other State where they had their place of
+
the territory of the other State where they had their place of
                                              residence before exercising their right to opt.<br><br>
+
residence before exercising their right to opt.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                              They may carry with them their movable property of every
+
They may carry with them their movable property of every
                                              description. No export or import duties may be imposed upon
+
description. No export or import duties may be imposed upon
                                              them in connection with the removal of such property.<br><br>
+
them in connection with the removal of such property.<br><br>
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 127.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 127.
+
The High Contracting Parties undertake to put no hindrance  
            <br><br>
+
              The High Contracting Parties undertake to put no hindrance  
+
 
in the way of the exercise of the right which the persons concerned have under the present Treaty, or under the Treaties of
 
in the way of the exercise of the right which the persons concerned have under the present Treaty, or under the Treaties of
 
Peace concluded with Germany, Austria, Bulgaria or Hungary
 
Peace concluded with Germany, Austria, Bulgaria or Hungary
Line 1,471: Line 1,492:
 
them.<br><br>
 
them.<br><br>
  
              In particular, Turkey undertakes to facilitate by every means
+
In particular, Turkey undertakes to facilitate by every means
 
in her power the voluntary emigration of persons desiring to
 
in her power the voluntary emigration of persons desiring to
 
avail themselves of the right to opt provided by Article 125, and
 
avail themselves of the right to opt provided by Article 125, and
Line 1,477: Line 1,498:
 
object by the Council of the League of Nations.<br><br>
 
object by the Council of the League of Nations.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 128.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 128.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
              Turkey undertakes to recognise any new nationality which has
+
Turkey undertakes to recognise any new nationality which has
 
been or may be acquired by her nationals under the laws of the
 
been or may be acquired by her nationals under the laws of the
 
Allied Powers or new States and in accordance with the decisions
 
Allied Powers or new States and in accordance with the decisions
Line 1,487: Line 1,508:
 
country of origin.<br><br>
 
country of origin.<br><br>
  
              In particular, persons who before the coming into force of the
+
In particular, persons who before the coming into force of the
 
present Treaty have acquired the nationality of one of the Allied
 
present Treaty have acquired the nationality of one of the Allied
 
Powers in accordance with the law of such Power shall be
 
Powers in accordance with the law of such Power shall be
Line 1,496: Line 1,517:
 
nationality.<br><br>
 
nationality.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 129.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 129.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
              Jews of other than Turkish nationality who are habitually
+
Jews of other than Turkish nationality who are habitually
 
resident, on the coming into force of the present Treaty, within
 
resident, on the coming into force of the present Treaty, within
 
the boundaries of Palestine, as determined in accordance with
 
the boundaries of Palestine, as determined in accordance with
Line 1,504: Line 1,525:
 
exclusion of any other nationality.<br><br>
 
exclusion of any other nationality.<br><br>
  
                                                          ARTICLE 130.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 130.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                            For the purposes of the provisions of this Section, the status
+
For the purposes of the provisions of this Section, the status
                                            of a married woman will be governed by that of her husband and
+
of a married woman will be governed by that of her husband and
                                            the status of children under eighteen years of age by that of their
+
the status of children under eighteen years of age by that of their
                                            parents.<br><br>
+
parents.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                          ARTICLE 131.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 131.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                            The provisions of this Section will apply to the city of Smyrna
+
The provisions of this Section will apply to the city of Smyrna
                                              and the territory defined in Article 66 as from the establishment
+
and the territory defined in Article 66 as from the establishment
                                              of the final status of the territory in accordance with Article 83.<br><br>
+
of the final status of the territory in accordance with Article 83.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                        SECTION XIII.<br><br>
+
SECTION XIII.<br><br>
                                                      GENERAL PROVISIONS.<br><br>
+
GENERAL PROVISIONS.<br><br>
                                                        ARTICLE 132.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 132.<br><br>
 
                                                        
 
                                                        
                                                            Outside her frontiers as fixed by the present Treaty Turkey
+
Outside her frontiers as fixed by the present Treaty Turkey
                                              hereby renounces in favour of the Principal Allied Powers all
+
hereby renounces in favour of the Principal Allied Powers all
 
+
rights and title which she could claim on any ground over or
                                              rights and title which she could claim on any ground over or
+
concerning any territories outside Europe which are not otherwise disposed of by the present Treaty.<br><br>
                                              concerning any territories outside Europe which are not otherwise disposed of by the present Treaty.<br><br>
+
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                            Turkey undertakes to recognise and conform to the measures
+
Turkey undertakes to recognise and conform to the measures
                                              which may be taken now or in the future by the Principal Allied
+
which may be taken now or in the future by the Principal Allied
                                              Powers, in agreement where necessary with third Powers, in
+
Powers, in agreement where necessary with third Powers, in
                                              order to carry the above stipulation into effect.<br><br>
+
order to carry the above stipulation into effect.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                          ARTICLE 133.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 133.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                            Turkey undertakes to recognise the full force of the Treaties
+
Turkey undertakes to recognise the full force of the Treaties
                                              of Peace and Additional Conventions concluded by the Allied
+
of Peace and Additional Conventions concluded by the Allied
                                              Powers with the Powers who fought on the side of Turkey, and
+
Powers with the Powers who fought on the side of Turkey, and
                                              to recognise whatever dispositions have been or may be made
+
to recognise whatever dispositions have been or may be made
                                              concerning the territories of the former German Empire, of
+
concerning the territories of the former German Empire, of
                                              Austria, of Hungary and of Bulgaria, and to recognise the new
+
Austria, of Hungary and of Bulgaria, and to recognise the new
                                              States within their frontiers as there laid down.<br><br>
+
States within their frontiers as there laid down.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                            ARTICLE 134.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 134.<br><br>
 
                                                              
 
                                                              
                                                            Turkey hereby recognises and accepts the frontiers of Germany, Austria, Bulgaria, Greece, Hungary, Poland, Roumania,
+
Turkey hereby recognises and accepts the frontiers of Germany, Austria, Bulgaria, Greece, Hungary, Poland, Roumania,
                                              the Serb-Croat-Slovene State and the Czecho-Slovak State as
+
the Serb-Croat-Slovene State and the Czecho-Slovak State as
                                              these frontiers may be determined by the Treaties referred to in
+
these frontiers may be determined by the Treaties referred to in
                                              Article 133 or by any supplementary conventions.
+
Article 133 or by any supplementary conventions.
 
<br><br>
 
<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 135.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 135.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                Turkey undertakes to recognise the full force of all treaties or
+
Turkey undertakes to recognise the full force of all treaties or
 
agreements which may be entered into by the Allied Powers
 
agreements which may be entered into by the Allied Powers
 
with States now existing or coming into existence in future in
 
with States now existing or coming into existence in future in
Line 1,559: Line 1,579:
 
States as determined therein.<br><br>
 
States as determined therein.<br><br>
  
                Turkey acknowledges and agrees to respect as permanent and
+
Turkey acknowledges and agrees to respect as permanent and
 
inalienable the independence of the said States.<br><br>
 
inalienable the independence of the said States.<br><br>
  
                In accordance with the provisions of Article 259, Part VIII
+
In accordance with the provisions of Article 259, Part VIII
 
(Financial Clauses), and Article 277, Part IX (Economic
 
(Financial Clauses), and Article 277, Part IX (Economic
 
Clauses), of the present Treaty, Turkey accepts definitely the
 
Clauses), of the present Treaty, Turkey accepts definitely the
Line 1,568: Line 1,588:
 
conventions and agreements entered into by her with the Maximalist Government in Russia.<br><br>
 
conventions and agreements entered into by her with the Maximalist Government in Russia.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 136.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 136.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                  A Commission composed of four members, appointed by the
+
A Commission composed of four members, appointed by the
 
British Empire, France, Italy and Japan respectively, shall be
 
British Empire, France, Italy and Japan respectively, shall be
 
set up within three months from the coming into force of the
 
set up within three months from the coming into force of the
Line 1,579: Line 1,599:
 
system.<br><br>
 
system.<br><br>
  
                  The scheme prepared by the Commission will be submitted
+
The scheme prepared by the Commission will be submitted
 
to the Governments of the Allied and neutral Powers concerned.
 
to the Governments of the Allied and neutral Powers concerned.
 
As soon as the Principal Allied Powers have approved the
 
As soon as the Principal Allied Powers have approved the
Line 1,585: Line 1,605:
 
agrees to accept the new system.<br><br>
 
agrees to accept the new system.<br><br>
  
                  The Principal Allied Powers reserve the right to agree among
+
The Principal Allied Powers reserve the right to agree among
 
themselves, and if necessary with the other Allied or neutral
 
themselves, and if necessary with the other Allied or neutral
 
Powers concerned, as to the date on which the new system is to
 
Powers concerned, as to the date on which the new system is to
 
come into force.<br><br>
 
come into force.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 137.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 137.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                  Without prejudice to the provisions of Part VII (Penalties),
+
Without prejudice to the provisions of Part VII (Penalties),
 
no inhabitant of Turkey shall be disturbed or molested, under
 
no inhabitant of Turkey shall be disturbed or molested, under
                                            any pretext whatever, on account of any political or military
+
any pretext whatever, on account of any political or military
                                            action taken by him, or any assistance of any kind given by
+
action taken by him, or any assistance of any kind given by
                                            him to the Allied Powers, or their nationals, between August 1,
+
him to the Allied Powers, or their nationals, between August 1,
                                            1914, and the coming into force of the present Treaty; all sentences pronounced against any inhabitant of Turkey for the
+
1914, and the coming into force of the present Treaty; all sentences pronounced against any inhabitant of Turkey for the
                                            above reasons shall be completely annulled, and any proceedings
+
above reasons shall be completely annulled, and any proceedings
                                            already instituted shall be arrested.<br><br>
+
already instituted shall be arrested.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                          ARTICLE 138.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 138.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                              No inhabitant of territory detached from Turkey in accordance
+
No inhabitant of territory detached from Turkey in accordance
                                            with the present Treaty shall be disturbed or molested on
+
with the present Treaty shall be disturbed or molested on
                                            account of his political attitude after August 1, 1914, or of the
+
account of his political attitude after August 1, 1914, or of the
                                            determination of his nationality effected in accordance with the
+
determination of his nationality effected in accordance with the
                                            present Treaty.<br><br>
+
present Treaty.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
 
+
ARTICLE 139.<br><br>
                                                          ARTICLE 139.<br><br>
+
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                              Turkey renounces formally all rights of suzerainty or jurisdiction of any kind over Moslems who are subject to the sovereignty
+
Turkey renounces formally all rights of suzerainty or jurisdiction of any kind over Moslems who are subject to the sovereignty
                                              or protectorate of any other State.<br><br>
+
or protectorate of any other State.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                              No power shall be exercised directly or indirectly by any
+
No power shall be exercised directly or indirectly by any
                                              Turkish authority whatever in any territory detached from
+
Turkish authority whatever in any territory detached from
                                              Turkey or of which the existing status under the present Treaty
+
Turkey or of which the existing status under the present Treaty
                                              is recognised by Turkey.<br><br>
+
is recognised by Turkey.<br><br>
  
            PART IV.<br><br>
+
PART IV.<br><br>
      PROTECTION OF MINORITIES.<br><br>
+
PROTECTION OF MINORITIES.<br><br>
          ARTICLE 140.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 140.<br><br>
 
        
 
        
                Turkey undertakes that the stipulations contained in Articles
+
Turkey undertakes that the stipulations contained in Articles
 
141, I45 and I47 shall be recognised as fundamental laws, and
 
141, I45 and I47 shall be recognised as fundamental laws, and
 
that no civil or military law or regulation, no Imperial Iradeh
 
that no civil or military law or regulation, no Imperial Iradeh
Line 1,631: Line 1,650:
 
prevail over them.<br><br>
 
prevail over them.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 141.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 141.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                Turkey undertakes to assure full and complete protection
+
Turkey undertakes to assure full and complete protection
 
of life and liberty to all inhabitants of Turkey without distinction
 
of life and liberty to all inhabitants of Turkey without distinction
 
of birth, nationality, language, race or religion.
 
of birth, nationality, language, race or religion.
  
                All inhabitants of Turkey shall be entitled to the free exercise,
+
All inhabitants of Turkey shall be entitled to the free exercise,
 
whether public or private, of any creed, religion or belief.<br><br>
 
whether public or private, of any creed, religion or belief.<br><br>
  
                The penalties for any interference with the free exercise of
+
The penalties for any interference with the free exercise of
 
the right referred to in the preceding paragraph shall be the
 
the right referred to in the preceding paragraph shall be the
 
same whatever may be the creed concerned.<br><br>
 
same whatever may be the creed concerned.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 142.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 142.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                Whereas, in view of the terrorist regime which has existed in
+
Whereas, in view of the terrorist regime which has existed in
 
Turkey since November 1, 1914, conversions to Islam could not
 
Turkey since November 1, 1914, conversions to Islam could not
 
take place under normal conditions, no conversions since that
 
take place under normal conditions, no conversions since that
Line 1,653: Line 1,672:
 
the necessary formalities for embracing the Islamic faith.<br><br>
 
the necessary formalities for embracing the Islamic faith.<br><br>
  
                In order to repair so far as possible the wrongs inflicted on
+
In order to repair so far as possible the wrongs inflicted on
 
individuals in the course of the massacres perpetrated in Turkey
 
individuals in the course of the massacres perpetrated in Turkey
 
during the war, the Turkish Government undertakes to afford
 
during the war, the Turkish Government undertakes to afford
Line 1,660: Line 1,679:
 
or placed in captivity since November 1, 1914.<br><br>
 
or placed in captivity since November 1, 1914.<br><br>
  
The Turkish Government undertakes to facilitate the operations of mixed commissions appointed by the Council of the League of Nations to receive the complaints of the victims themselves, their families or their relations, to make the necessary
+
The Turkish Government undertakes to facilitate the operations of mixed commissions appointed by the Council of the League of Nations to receive the complaints of the victims themselves, their families or their relations, to make the necessary
                                            enquiries, and to order the liberation of the persons in question.<br><br>
+
enquiries, and to order the liberation of the persons in question.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                              The Turkish Government undertakes to ensure the execution<br><br>
+
The Turkish Government undertakes to ensure the execution<br><br>
                                            of the decisions of these commissions, and to assure the security
+
of the decisions of these commissions, and to assure the security
                                            and the liberty of the persons thus restored to the full enjoyment
+
and the liberty of the persons thus restored to the full enjoyment
                                            of their rights.<br><br>
+
of their rights.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                          ARTICLE 143<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 143<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                              Turkey undertakes to recognise such provisions as the Allied Powers may consider opportune with respect to the reciprocal
+
Turkey undertakes to recognise such provisions as the Allied Powers may consider opportune with respect to the reciprocal
                                              and voluntary emigration of persons belonging to racial minorities.<br><br>
+
and voluntary emigration of persons belonging to racial minorities.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                              Turkey renounces any right to avail herself of the provisions
+
Turkey renounces any right to avail herself of the provisions
                                              of Article I6 of the Convention between Greece and Bulgaria
+
of Article I6 of the Convention between Greece and Bulgaria
                                              relating to reciprocal emigration, signed at Neuilly-sur-Seine on
+
relating to reciprocal emigration, signed at Neuilly-sur-Seine on
                                              November 27, 19l9. Within six months from the coming into
+
November 27, 19l9. Within six months from the coming into
                                              force of the present Treaty, Greece and Turkey will enter into a
+
force of the present Treaty, Greece and Turkey will enter into a
                                              special arrangement relating to the reciprocal and voluntary
+
special arrangement relating to the reciprocal and voluntary
                                              emigration of the populations of Turkish and Greek race in the
+
emigration of the populations of Turkish and Greek race in the
                                              territories transferred to Greece and remaining Turkish respectively.<br><br>
+
territories transferred to Greece and remaining Turkish respectively.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                              In case agreement cannot be reached as to such arrangement,
+
In case agreement cannot be reached as to such arrangement,
                                              Greece and Turkey will be entitled to apply to the Council of
+
Greece and Turkey will be entitled to apply to the Council of
                                              the League of Nations, which will fix the terms of such arrangement.<br><br>
+
the League of Nations, which will fix the terms of such arrangement.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                          ARTICLE 144.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 144.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                              The Turkish Government recognises the injustice of the law
+
The Turkish Government recognises the injustice of the law
                                              of 1915 relating to Abandoned Properties <i>(Emval-i-Metroukeh)</i>,
+
of 1915 relating to Abandoned Properties <i>(Emval-i-Metroukeh)</i>,
                                              and of the supplementary provisions thereof, and declares them
+
and of the supplementary provisions thereof, and declares them
                                              to be null and void, in the past as in the future.<br><br>
+
to be null and void, in the past as in the future.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                              The Turkish Government solemnly undertakes to facilitate
+
The Turkish Government solemnly undertakes to facilitate
                                              to the greatest possible extent the return to their homes and re-establishment in their businesses of the Turkish subjects of
+
to the greatest possible extent the return to their homes and re-establishment in their businesses of the Turkish subjects of
                                              non-Turkish race who have been forcibly driven from their homes
+
non-Turkish race who have been forcibly driven from their homes
                                              by fear of massacre or any other form of pressure since January
+
by fear of massacre or any other form of pressure since January
                                              1, 1914. It recognises that any immovable or movable property
+
1, 1914. It recognises that any immovable or movable property
                                              of the said Turkish subjects or of the communities to which they
+
of the said Turkish subjects or of the communities to which they
                                              belong, which can be recovered, must be restored to them as
+
belong, which can be recovered, must be restored to them as
 
soon as possible, in whatever hands it may be found. Such
 
soon as possible, in whatever hands it may be found. Such
 
property shall be restored free of all charges or servitudes with
 
property shall be restored free of all charges or servitudes with
Line 1,707: Line 1,726:
 
whom they derived title.<br><br>
 
whom they derived title.<br><br>
  
                  The Turkish Government agrees that arbitral commissions
+
The Turkish Government agrees that arbitral commissions
 
shall be appointed by the Council of the League of Nations
 
shall be appointed by the Council of the League of Nations
 
wherever found necessary. These commissions shall each be
 
wherever found necessary. These commissions shall each be
Line 1,717: Line 1,736:
 
summary procedure.
 
summary procedure.
 
<br><br>
 
<br><br>
The arbitral commissions will have power to order:<br><br>
 
  
                  (1) The provision by the Turkish Government of labour for
+
The arbitral commissions will have power to order:<br><br>
 +
 
 +
(1) The provision by the Turkish Government of labour for
 
any work of reconstruction or restoration deemed necessary.
 
any work of reconstruction or restoration deemed necessary.
 
This labour shall be recruited from the races inhabiting the
 
This labour shall be recruited from the races inhabiting the
Line 1,725: Line 1,745:
 
of the said works to be necessary<br><br>
 
of the said works to be necessary<br><br>
  
                  (2) The removal of any person who, after enquiry, shall be
+
(2) The removal of any person who, after enquiry, shall be
 
recognised as having taken an active part in massacres or deportations or as having provoked them; the measures to be taken
 
recognised as having taken an active part in massacres or deportations or as having provoked them; the measures to be taken
 
with regard to such person's possessions will be indicated by the
 
with regard to such person's possessions will be indicated by the
 
commission;<br><br>
 
commission;<br><br>
  
                  (3) The disposal of property belonging to members of a community who have died or disappeared since January 1, 1914,
+
(3) The disposal of property belonging to members of a community who have died or disappeared since January 1, 1914,
 
without leaving heirs; such property may be handed over to the
 
without leaving heirs; such property may be handed over to the
 
community instead of to the State
 
community instead of to the State
 
<br><br>
 
<br><br>
                  (4) The cancellation of all acts of sale or any acts creating
+
 
 +
(4) The cancellation of all acts of sale or any acts creating
 
rights over immovable property concluded after January 1,
 
rights over immovable property concluded after January 1,
 
I914. The indemnification of the holders will be a charge upon
 
I914. The indemnification of the holders will be a charge upon
Line 1,743: Line 1,764:
 
holder of such property.<br><br>
 
holder of such property.<br><br>
  
                  The Turkish Government undertakes to facilitate in the
+
The Turkish Government undertakes to facilitate in the
 
fullest possible measure the work of the commissions and to
 
fullest possible measure the work of the commissions and to
 
ensure the execution of their decisions, which will be final. No
 
ensure the execution of their decisions, which will be final. No
                                            decision of the Turkish judicial or administrative authorities
+
decision of the Turkish judicial or administrative authorities
                                            shall prevail over such decisions.
+
shall prevail over such decisions.<br><br>
                                            <br><br>
+
 
                                                          ARTICLE 145.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 145.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                                All Turkish nationals shall be equal before the law and shall
+
All Turkish nationals shall be equal before the law and shall
                                              enjoy the same civil and political rights without distinction as
+
enjoy the same civil and political rights without distinction as
                                              to race, language or religion.<br><br>
+
to race, language or religion.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                                Difference of religion, creed or confession shall not prejudice
+
Difference of religion, creed or confession shall not prejudice
                                              any Turkish national in matters relating to the enjoyment of
+
any Turkish national in matters relating to the enjoyment of
                                              civil or political rights, as for instance admission to public employments, functions and honours, or the exercise of professions
+
civil or political rights, as for instance admission to public employments, functions and honours, or the exercise of professions
                                              and industries.<br><br>
+
and industries.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                                Within a period of two years from the coming into force of the
+
Within a period of two years from the coming into force of the
                                              present Treaty the Turkish Government will submit to the
+
present Treaty the Turkish Government will submit to the
                                              Allied Powers a scheme for the organisation of an electoral system based on the principle of proportional representation of
+
Allied Powers a scheme for the organisation of an electoral system based on the principle of proportional representation of
                                              racial minorities.<br><br>
+
racial minorities.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                                No restriction shall be imposed on the free use by any Turkish
+
No restriction shall be imposed on the free use by any Turkish
                                              national of any language in private intercourse, in commerce,
+
national of any language in private intercourse, in commerce,
                                              religion, in the press or in publications of any kind, or at public
+
religion, in the press or in publications of any kind, or at public
                                              meetings. Adequate facilities shall be given to Turkish nationals
+
meetings. Adequate facilities shall be given to Turkish nationals
                                              of non-Turkish speech for the use of their language, either orally
+
of non-Turkish speech for the use of their language, either orally
                                              or in writing, before the courts.<br><br>
+
or in writing, before the courts.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                          ARTICLE 146.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 146.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                                The Turkish Government undertakes to recognize the validity
+
The Turkish Government undertakes to recognize the validity
                                              of diplomas granted by recognised foreign universities and
+
of diplomas granted by recognised foreign universities and
                                              schools, and to admit the holders thereof to the free exercise of
+
schools, and to admit the holders thereof to the free exercise of
                                              the professions and industries for which such diplomas qualify.<br><br>
+
the professions and industries for which such diplomas qualify.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                                This provision will apply equally to nationals of Allied
+
This provision will apply equally to nationals of Allied
                                              powers who are resident in Turkey.<br><br>
+
powers who are resident in Turkey.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                            ARTICLE 147.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 147.<br><br>
 
                                                              
 
                                                              
                                                                Turkish nationals who belong to racial, religious or linguistic
+
Turkish nationals who belong to racial, religious or linguistic
                                              minorities shall enjoy the ame treatment and security in law
+
minorities shall enjoy the ame treatment and security in law
                                              and in fact as other Turkish nationals. In particular they shall
+
and in fact as other Turkish nationals. In particular they shall
                                              have an equal right to establish, manage and control at their
+
have an equal right to establish, manage and control at their
                                              own expense, and independently of and without interference by
+
own expense, and independently of and without interference by
                                              the Turkish authorities, any charitable, religious and social institutions, schools for primary, secondary and higher instruction and other educational establishments, with the right to use
+
the Turkish authorities, any charitable, religious and social institutions, schools for primary, secondary and higher instruction and other educational establishments, with the right to use
 
their own language and to exercise their own religion freely
 
their own language and to exercise their own religion freely
 
therein.<br><br>
 
therein.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 148.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 148.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                In towns and districts where there is a considerable proportion
+
In towns and districts where there is a considerable proportion
 
of Turkish nationals belonging to racial, linguistic or religious
 
of Turkish nationals belonging to racial, linguistic or religious
 
minorities, these minorities shall be assured an equitable share
 
minorities, these minorities shall be assured an equitable share
Line 1,802: Line 1,823:
 
budgets for educational or charitable purposes.<br><br>
 
budgets for educational or charitable purposes.<br><br>
  
                The sums in question shall be paid to the qualified representatives of the communities concerned.
+
The sums in question shall be paid to the qualified representatives of the communities concerned.
 
<br><br>
 
<br><br>
            ARTICLE 149.<br><br>
+
 
 +
ARTICLE 149.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                The Turkish Government undertakes to recognise and respect
+
The Turkish Government undertakes to recognise and respect
 
the ecclesiastical and scholastic autonomy of all racial minorities
 
the ecclesiastical and scholastic autonomy of all racial minorities
 
in Turkey. For this purpose, and subject to any provisions to
 
in Turkey. For this purpose, and subject to any provisions to
Line 1,816: Line 1,838:
 
as by ministerial orders or orders of the Grand Vizier.<br><br>
 
as by ministerial orders or orders of the Grand Vizier.<br><br>
  
                All laws, decrees, regulations and circulars issued by the
+
All laws, decrees, regulations and circulars issued by the
 
Turkish Government and containing abrogations, restrictions or
 
Turkish Government and containing abrogations, restrictions or
 
amendments of such prerogatives and immunities shall be considered to such extent null and void.<br><br>
 
amendments of such prerogatives and immunities shall be considered to such extent null and void.<br><br>
  
                Any modification of the Turkish judical system which may be
+
Any modification of the Turkish judical system which may be
 
introduced in accordance with the provisions of the present
 
introduced in accordance with the provisions of the present
 
Treaty shall be held to override this Article, in so far as such
 
Treaty shall be held to override this Article, in so far as such
 
modification may affect individuals belonging to racial minorities.<br><br>
 
modification may affect individuals belonging to racial minorities.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 150.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 150.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
              In towns and districts where there is resident a considerable
+
In towns and districts where there is resident a considerable
 
proportion of Turkish nationals of the Christian or Jewish religions the Turkish Government undertakes that such Turkish
 
proportion of Turkish nationals of the Christian or Jewish religions the Turkish Government undertakes that such Turkish
 
nationals shall not be compelled to perform any act which constitutes a violation of their faith or religious observances, and shall
 
nationals shall not be compelled to perform any act which constitutes a violation of their faith or religious observances, and shall
 
not be placed under any disability by reason of their refusal to
 
not be placed under any disability by reason of their refusal to
 
attend courts of law or to perform any legal business on their
 
attend courts of law or to perform any legal business on their
                                              weekly day of rest. This provision, however, shall not exempt
+
weekly day of rest. This provision, however, shall not exempt
                                              such Turkish nationals (Christians or Jews) from such obligations as shall be imposed upon all other Turkish nationals for the
+
such Turkish nationals (Christians or Jews) from such obligations as shall be imposed upon all other Turkish nationals for the
                                              preservation of public order.<br><br>
+
preservation of public order.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                          ARTICLE 151.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 151.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                            The Principal Allied Powers, in consultation with the Council
+
The Principal Allied Powers, in consultation with the Council
                                              of the League of Nations, will decide what measures are necessary
+
of the League of Nations, will decide what measures are necessary
                                              to guarantee the execution of the provisions of this Part. The
+
to guarantee the execution of the provisions of this Part. The
                                              Turkish Government hereby accepts all decisions which may be
+
Turkish Government hereby accepts all decisions which may be
                                              taken on this subject.<br><br>
+
taken on this subject.<br><br>
  
            PART V.<br><br>
+
PART V.<br><br>
    MILITARY, NAVAL AND AIR CLAUSES.<br><br>
+
 
 +
MILITARY, NAVAL AND AIR CLAUSES.<br><br>
 
      
 
      
                In order to render possible the initiation of a general limitation
+
In order to render possible the initiation of a general limitation
 
of the armaments of all nations, Turkey undertakes strictly to
 
of the armaments of all nations, Turkey undertakes strictly to
 
observe the military, naval and air clauses which follow.<br><br>
 
observe the military, naval and air clauses which follow.<br><br>
  
            SECTION I.<br><br>
+
SECTION I.<br><br>
          MILITARY CLAUSES.<br><br>
+
MILITARY CLAUSES.<br><br>
            CHAPTER I.<br>
+
CHAPTER I.<br>
          GENERAL CLAUSES.<br>
+
GENERAL CLAUSES.<br>
          ARTICLE 152.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 152.<br><br>
The armed force at the disposal of Turkey shall only consist of:<br><br>
+
 
 +
The armed force at the disposal of Turkey shall only consist of:<br><br>
 
   
 
   
(I) The Sultan's bodyguard;<br>
+
(I) The Sultan's bodyguard;<br>
 
   
 
   
                (2) Troops of gendarmerie, intended to maintain order and
+
(2) Troops of gendarmerie, intended to maintain order and
 
security in the interior and to ensure the protection of minorities<br>
 
security in the interior and to ensure the protection of minorities<br>
  
                (3) Special elements intended for the reinforcement of the
+
(3) Special elements intended for the reinforcement of the
 
troops of gendarmerie in case of serious trouble, and eventually
 
troops of gendarmerie in case of serious trouble, and eventually
 
to ensure the control of the frontiers.
 
to ensure the control of the frontiers.
 
<br><br>
 
<br><br>
            ARTICLE 153.<br><br>
+
 
 +
ARTICLE 153.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                Within six months from the coming into force of the present
+
Within six months from the coming into force of the present
 
Treaty, the military forces other than that provided for in
 
Treaty, the military forces other than that provided for in
 
Article 152 shall be demobilised and disbanded.<br><br>
 
Article 152 shall be demobilised and disbanded.<br><br>
  
          CHAPTER II.<br><br>
+
CHAPTER II.<br><br>
EFFECTIVES, ORGANISATION AND CADRES OF THE TURKISH
+
EFFECTIVES, ORGANISATION AND CADRES OF THE TURKISH
          ARMED FORCE.<br><br>
+
ARMED FORCE.<br><br>
          ARTICLE 154.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 154.<br><br>
                The Sultan's bodyguard shall consist of a staff and infantry
+
 
 +
The Sultan's bodyguard shall consist of a staff and infantry
 
and cavalry units, the strength of which shall not exceed 700
 
and cavalry units, the strength of which shall not exceed 700
 
offirers and men. This strength is not included in the total
 
offirers and men. This strength is not included in the total
 
force provided for in Article 155.<br><br>
 
force provided for in Article 155.<br><br>
 
                                                        
 
                                                        
                                                              The composition of this guard is given in <a href="http://http://www.lib.byu.edu/estu/wwi/maps/s_mil1.gif"> Table 1 annexed to
+
The composition of this guard is given in <a href="http://http://www.lib.byu.edu/estu/wwi/maps/s_mil1.gif"> Table 1 annexed to
                                              this Section.</a><br><br>
+
this Section.</a><br><br>
  
                                                          ARTICLE 155.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 155.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                              The total strength of the forces enumerated in paragraphs (2)
+
The total strength of the forces enumerated in paragraphs (2)
                                              and (3) of Article 152 shall not exceed 50,000 men, including
+
and (3) of Article 152 shall not exceed 50,000 men, including
                                              staffs, offficers, training personnel and depot troops.<br><br>
+
staffs, offficers, training personnel and depot troops.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                          ARTICLE 156.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 156.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                              The troops of gendarmerie shall be distributed over the territory of Turkey, which for this purpose will be divided into territorial areas to be delimited as provided in Article 200.<br><br>
+
The troops of gendarmerie shall be distributed over the territory of Turkey, which for this purpose will be divided into territorial areas to be delimited as provided in Article 200.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                              A legion of gendarmerie, composed of mounted and unmounted troops, provided with machine guns and with administrative and medical services will be organised in each territorial
+
A legion of gendarmerie, composed of mounted and unmounted troops, provided with machine guns and with administrative and medical services will be organised in each territorial
                                              region, it will supply in the vilayets, sandjaks, cazas, etc., the
+
region, it will supply in the vilayets, sandjaks, cazas, etc., the
                                              detachments necessary for the organisation of a fixed protective
+
detachments necessary for the organisation of a fixed protective
                                              service, mobile reserves being at its disposal at one or more
+
service, mobile reserves being at its disposal at one or more
                                              points within the region.<br><br>
+
points within the region.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                              On account of their special duties, the legions shall not include
+
On account of their special duties, the legions shall not include
                                              either artillery or technical services.<br><br>
+
either artillery or technical services.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                              The total strength of the legions shall not exceed 35,000 men,
+
The total strength of the legions shall not exceed 35,000 men,
                                              to be included in the total strength of the armed force provided
+
to be included in the total strength of the armed force provided
                                              for in Article 155.<br><br>
+
for in Article 155.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                              The maximum strength of any one legion shall not exceed one
+
The maximum strength of any one legion shall not exceed one
                                              quarter of the total strength of the legions.<br><br>
+
quarter of the total strength of the legions.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                              The elements of any one legion shall not be employed outside
+
The elements of any one legion shall not be employed outside the territory of their region, except by special authorisation
                                              the territory of their region, except by special authorisation
+
from the Inter-Allied Commission provided for in Article 200.<br><br>
                                              from the Inter-Allied Commission provided for in Article 200.<br><br>
+
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                          ARTICLE 157.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 157.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                              The special elements for reinforcements may include details
+
The special elements for reinforcements may include details
                                              of infantry, cavalry, mountain artillery, pioneers and the corresponding technical and general services; their total strength
+
of infantry, cavalry, mountain artillery, pioneers and the corresponding technical and general services; their total strength
                                              shall not exceed 15,000 men, to be included in the total strength
+
shall not exceed 15,000 men, to be included in the total strength
                                              provided for in Article 155.<br><br>
+
provided for in Article 155.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                              The number of such reinforcements for any one legion shall
+
The number of such reinforcements for any one legion shall
                                              not exceed one third of the whole strength of these elements
+
not exceed one third of the whole strength of these elements
                                              without the special authority of the Inter-Allied Commission
+
without the special authority of the Inter-Allied Commission
                                              provided for in Article 200.<br><br>
+
provided for in Article 200.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                              The proportion of the various arms and services entering into
+
The proportion of the various arms and services entering into
 
the composition of these special elements is laid down in Table II annexed to this Section.<br><br>
 
the composition of these special elements is laid down in Table II annexed to this Section.<br><br>
  
Their quartering will be fixed as provided in Article 200.<br><br>
+
Their quartering will be fixed as provided in Article 200.<br><br>
                    To<a href="http://http://www.lib.byu.edu/estu/wwi/maps/s_mil2.gif">Table 2</a><br><br>
+
To<a href="http://http://www.lib.byu.edu/estu/wwi/maps/s_mil2.gif">Table 2</a><br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 158.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 158.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                In the formations referred to in Articles 156 and 157, the proportion of officers, including the personnel of staffs and special
+
In the formations referred to in Articles 156 and 157, the proportion of officers, including the personnel of staffs and special
 
services, shall not exceed one twentieth of the total effectives
 
services, shall not exceed one twentieth of the total effectives
 
with the colours, and that of non-commissioned officers shall not
 
with the colours, and that of non-commissioned officers shall not
 
exceed one twelfth of the total effectives with the colours.
 
exceed one twelfth of the total effectives with the colours.
 
<br><br>
 
<br><br>
            ARTICLE 159.<br><br>
+
 
 +
ARTICLE 159.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                Offficers supplied by the various Allied or neutral Powers shail
+
Offficers supplied by the various Allied or neutral Powers shail
 
collaborate, under the direction of the Turkish Government, in
 
collaborate, under the direction of the Turkish Government, in
 
the command, the organisation and the training of the gendarmerie officers authorised by Article 158, but their number
 
the command, the organisation and the training of the gendarmerie officers authorised by Article 158, but their number
Line 1,950: Line 1,976:
 
this Article.<br><br>
 
this Article.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 160.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 160.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                In any one territorial region all officers placed at the disposal
+
In any one territorial region all officers placed at the disposal
 
of the Turkish Government under the conditions laid down in
 
of the Turkish Government under the conditions laid down in
 
Article 159 shall in principle be of the same nationality.<br><br>
 
Article 159 shall in principle be of the same nationality.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 161.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 161.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                In the zone of the Straits and islands referred to in Article
+
In the zone of the Straits and islands referred to in Article
 
178, excluding the islands of Lemnos, Imbros, Samothrace
 
178, excluding the islands of Lemnos, Imbros, Samothrace
 
Tenedos and Mitylene, the forces o                         
 
Tenedos and Mitylene, the forces o                         
Line 1,964: Line 1,990:
 
in occupation of that zone.<br><br>
 
in occupation of that zone.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 162.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 162.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                All measures of mobilisation, or appertaining to mobilisation
+
All measures of mobilisation, or appertaining to mobilisation
 
or tending to an increase of the strength or of the means of
 
or tending to an increase of the strength or of the means of
 
transport of any of the forces provided for in this Chapter are
 
transport of any of the forces provided for in this Chapter are
 
forbidden.<br><br>
 
forbidden.<br><br>
  
                The various formations, staffs and administrative services
+
The various formations, staffs and administrative services
 
shall not, in any case, include supplementary cadres.<br><br>
 
shall not, in any case, include supplementary cadres.<br><br>
  
                                                          ARTICLE 163.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 163.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                            Within the period fixed by Article 153, all existing forces of
+
Within the period fixed by Article 153, all existing forces of
                                            gendarmerie shall be amalgamated with the legions provided for
+
gendarmerie shall be amalgamated with the legions provided for
                                            in Article 156.<br><br>
+
in Article 156.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                          ARTICLE 164.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 164.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                            The formation of any body of troops not provided for in this
+
The formation of any body of troops not provided for in this
                                            Section is forbidden.<br><br>
+
Section is forbidden.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                            The suppression of existing formations which are in excess of
+
The suppression of existing formations which are in excess of
                                            the authorised strength of 50,000 men (not including the Sultan's
+
the authorised strength of 50,000 men (not including the Sultan's
                                            bodyguard) shall be effected progressively from the date of the
+
bodyguard) shall be effected progressively from the date of the
                                            signature of the present Treaty, in such manner as to be completed within six months at the latest after the coming into
+
signature of the present Treaty, in such manner as to be completed within six months at the latest after the coming into
                                            force of the Treaty, in accordance with the provisions of Article
+
force of the Treaty, in accordance with the provisions of Article
                                            158.<br><br>
+
158.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                            The number of offficers, or persons in the position of offficers,
+
The number of offficers, or persons in the position of offficers,
                                            in the War Ministry and the Turkish General Staff, as well as
+
in the War Ministry and the Turkish General Staff, as well as
                                            in the administrations attached to them, shail, within the same
+
in the administrations attached to them, shail, within the same
                                            period, be reduced to the establishment considered by the Commission referred to in Article 200 as strictly necessary for the
+
period, be reduced to the establishment considered by the Commission referred to in Article 200 as strictly necessary for the
                                            good working of the general services of the armed Turkish force,
+
good working of the general services of the armed Turkish force,
                                            this establishment being included in the maximum figure laid
+
this establishment being included in the maximum figure laid
                                            down in Article 158.<br><br>
+
down in Article 158.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                          CHAPTER III.<br><br>
+
CHAPTER III.<br><br>
                                                          RECRUITING.<br><br>
+
RECRUITING.<br><br>
                                                          ARTICLE 165.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 165.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                            The Turkish armed force shall in future be constituted and
+
The Turkish armed force shall in future be constituted and
                                            recruited by voluntary enlistment only.<br><br>
+
recruited by voluntary enlistment only.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                            Enlistment shall be open to all subjects of the Turkish State
+
Enlistment shall be open to all subjects of the Turkish State
                                            equally, without distinction of race or religion.<br><br>
+
equally, without distinction of race or religion.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                            As regards the legions referred to in Article 156, their system
+
As regards the legions referred to in Article 156, their system
                                            of recruiting shall be in principle regional, and so regulated that
+
of recruiting shall be in principle regional, and so regulated that
                                            the Moslem and non-Moslem elements of the population of each
+
the Moslem and non-Moslem elements of the population of each
                                            region may be, so far as possible, represented on the strength of
+
region may be, so far as possible, represented on the strength of
                                            the corresponding legion.<br><br>
+
the corresponding legion.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                              The provisions of the preceding paragraphs apply to offficers
+
The provisions of the preceding paragraphs apply to offficers
                                            as well as to men.<br><br>
+
as well as to men.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                          ARTICLE 166.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 166.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                              The length of engagement of non-commissioned officers and
+
The length of engagement of non-commissioned officers and
                                            men shall be twelve consecutive years.<br><br>
+
men shall be twelve consecutive years.<br><br>
  
                  The annual replacement of men released from service for any
+
The annual replacement of men released from service for any
 
reason whatever before the expiration of their term of engagement shall not exceed five per cent. of the total effectives fixed hy Article 155.<br><br>
 
reason whatever before the expiration of their term of engagement shall not exceed five per cent. of the total effectives fixed hy Article 155.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 167.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 167.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
 
All officers must be regulars <i>(officers de carri&egrave;re)</i>.<br><br>
 
All officers must be regulars <i>(officers de carri&egrave;re)</i>.<br><br>
  
                  Officers at present serving in the army or the gendarmerie
+
Officers at present serving in the army or the gendarmerie
 
who are retained in the new armed force must undertake to
 
who are retained in the new armed force must undertake to
 
serve at least up to the age of forty-five.<br><br>
 
serve at least up to the age of forty-five.<br><br>
  
                  Offficers at present serving in the army or the gendarmerie who
+
Offficers at present serving in the army or the gendarmerie who
 
are not admitted to the new armed force shall be definitely released from all military obligations, and must not take part in
 
are not admitted to the new armed force shall be definitely released from all military obligations, and must not take part in
 
any military exercises, theoretical or practical.<br><br>
 
any military exercises, theoretical or practical.<br><br>
  
                  Officers newly-appointed must undertake to serve on the
+
Officers newly-appointed must undertake to serve on the
 
active list for at least twenty-five consecutive years.<br><br>
 
active list for at least twenty-five consecutive years.<br><br>
  
                  The annual replacement of officers leaving the service for any
+
The annual replacement of officers leaving the service for any
 
cause before the expiration of their term of engagement shall not
 
cause before the expiration of their term of engagement shall not
 
exceed five per cent. of the total effectives of officers provided
 
exceed five per cent. of the total effectives of officers provided
 
by Article 158.<br><br>
 
by Article 158.<br><br>
  
          CHAPTER IV.<br><br>
+
CHAPTER IV.<br><br>
 
SCHOOLS, EDUCATIONAL ESTABLISHMENTS, MILITARY CLASS
 
SCHOOLS, EDUCATIONAL ESTABLISHMENTS, MILITARY CLASS
          AND SOCIETIES<br><br>
+
AND SOCIETIES<br><br>
          ARTICLE 168.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 168.<br><br>
  
                  On the expiration of three months from the coming into force
+
On the expiration of three months from the coming into force
 
of the present Treaty there must only exist in Turkey the number of military schools which is absolutely indispensable for the
 
of the present Treaty there must only exist in Turkey the number of military schools which is absolutely indispensable for the
 
recruitment of offficers and non-commissioned officers of the
 
recruitment of offficers and non-commissioned officers of the
 
units allowed, i.e.:<br><br>
 
units allowed, i.e.:<br><br>
  
school for officers;<br><br>
+
school for officers;<br><br>
 
   
 
   
1 school per territorial region for non-commissioned officers.
+
1 school per territorial region for non-commissioned officers.
<br><br>
+
<br><br>
                  The number of students admitted to instruction in these
+
 
 +
The number of students admitted to instruction in these
 
schools shall be strictly in proportion to the vacancies to be
 
schools shall be strictly in proportion to the vacancies to be
 
filled in the cadres of officers and non-commissioned officers.<br><br>
 
filled in the cadres of officers and non-commissioned officers.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 169.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 169.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                  Educational establishments, other than those referred to in
+
Educational establishments, other than those referred to in
 
Article 168, as well as all sporting or other societies, must not
 
Article 168, as well as all sporting or other societies, must not
 
occupy themselves with any military matters.<br><br>
 
occupy themselves with any military matters.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                                          CHAPTER V.<br><br>
+
CHAPTER V.<br><br>
                                              CUSTOMS OFFICIALS, LOCAL URBAN AND RURAL POLICE,
+
CUSTOMS OFFICIALS, LOCAL URBAN AND RURAL POLICE,
                                                      FOREST GUARDS.<br><br>
+
FOREST GUARDS.<br><br>
                                                      ARTICLE 170.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 170.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                            Without prejudice to the provisions of Article 48, Part III
+
Without prejudice to the provisions of Article 48, Part III
                                            (Political Clauses), the number of customs officials, local urban
+
(Political Clauses), the number of customs officials, local urban
                                            or rural police, forest guards or other like officials shall not
+
or rural police, forest guards or other like officials shall not
                                            exceed the number of men employed in a similar capacity in
+
exceed the number of men employed in a similar capacity in
                                            1913 within the territorial limits of Turkey as fixed by the
+
1913 within the territorial limits of Turkey as fixed by the
                                            present Treaty.<br><br>
+
present Treaty.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                            The number of these officials may only be increased in the
+
The number of these officials may only be increased in the
                                            future in proportion to the increase of population in the localities
+
future in proportion to the increase of population in the localities
                                            or municipalities which employ them.<br><br>
+
or municipalities which employ them.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
 
+
These employees and officials, as well as those employed in the railway service, must not be assembled for the purpose of taking
                                                            These employees and officials, as well as those employed in the railway service, must not be assembled for the purpose of taking
+
part in any military exercises.<br><br>
                                            part in any military exercises.<br><br>
+
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                            In each administrative district the local urban and rural
+
In each administrative district the local urban and rural
                                            police and forest guards shall be recruited and officered according to the principles laid down in the case of the gendarmerie
+
police and forest guards shall be recruited and officered according to the principles laid down in the case of the gendarmerie
                                            by Article 165.<br><br>
+
by Article 165.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                            In the Turkish police, which, as forming part of the civil administration of Turkey, will remain distinct from the Turkish
+
In the Turkish police, which, as forming part of the civil administration of Turkey, will remain distinct from the Turkish
                                            armed force, officers or officials supplied by the various Allied
+
armed force, officers or officials supplied by the various Allied
                                            or neutral Powers shall collaborate, under the direction of the
+
or neutral Powers shall collaborate, under the direction of the
                                            Turkish Government, in the organisation the command and
+
Turkish Government, in the organisation the command and
                                            the training of the said police. The number of these officers or
+
the training of the said police. The number of these officers or
                                            officials shall not exceed fifteen per cent. of the strength of similar
+
officials shall not exceed fifteen per cent. of the strength of similar
                                            Turkish officers or officials.<br><br>
+
Turkish officers or officials.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                      CHAPTER VI.<br><br>
+
CHAPTER VI.<br><br>
                                                  ARMAMENT, MUNITIONS AND MATERIAL<br><br>
+
ARMAMENT, MUNITIONS AND MATERIAL<br><br>
                                                    ARTICLE 171 .<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 171 .<br><br>
 
                                                    
 
                                                    
                                                              On the expiration of six months from the coming into force of  the present Treaty, the armament which may be in use or held
+
On the expiration of six months from the coming into force of  the present Treaty, the armament which may be in use or held
                                            in reserve for replacement in the various formations of the
+
in reserve for replacement in the various formations of the
                                            Turkish armed force shall not exceed the figures fixed per thousand men in Table III annexed to this Section.<br><br>
+
Turkish armed force shall not exceed the figures fixed per thousand men in Table III annexed to this Section.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 172<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 172<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                The stock of munitions at the disposal of Turkey shall not
+
The stock of munitions at the disposal of Turkey shall not
 
exceed the amounts fixed in Table III annexed to this Section.<br><br>
 
exceed the amounts fixed in Table III annexed to this Section.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 173.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 173.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                Within six months from the coming into force of the present
+
Within six months from the coming into force of the present
 
Treaty all existing arms, munitions of the various categories and
 
Treaty all existing arms, munitions of the various categories and
 
war material in excess of the quantities authorised shall be
 
war material in excess of the quantities authorised shall be
Line 2,125: Line 2,151:
 
by this Commission.<br><br>
 
by this Commission.<br><br>
  
                The Principal Allied Powers will decide what is to be done
+
The Principal Allied Powers will decide what is to be done
 
with this material.<br><br>
 
with this material.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 174.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 174.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                The manufacture of arms, munitions and war material, including aircraft and parts of aircraft of every description, shall
+
The manufacture of arms, munitions and war material, including aircraft and parts of aircraft of every description, shall
 
take place only in the factories or establishments authorised by
 
take place only in the factories or establishments authorised by
 
the Inter-Allied Commission referred to in Article 200.<br><br>
 
the Inter-Allied Commission referred to in Article 200.<br><br>
  
                Within six months from the coming into force of the present
+
Within six months from the coming into force of the present
 
Treaty all other establishments for the manufacture, preparation,
 
Treaty all other establishments for the manufacture, preparation,
 
storage or design of arms, munitions or any war material shall
 
storage or design of arms, munitions or any war material shall
 
be abolished or converted to purely commercial uses.<br><br>
 
be abolished or converted to purely commercial uses.<br><br>
  
                The same will apply to all arsenals other than those utilised
+
The same will apply to all arsenals other than those utilised
 
as depots for the authorised stocks of munitions.<br><br>
 
as depots for the authorised stocks of munitions.<br><br>
  
                The plant of establishments or arsenals in excess of that required for the authorised manufacture shall be rendered useless
+
The plant of establishments or arsenals in excess of that required for the authorised manufacture shall be rendered useless
 
or converted to purely commercial uses, in accordance with the
 
or converted to purely commercial uses, in accordance with the
 
decisions of the Military Inter-Allied Commission of Control
 
decisions of the Military Inter-Allied Commission of Control
 
referred to in Article 200.<br><br>
 
referred to in Article 200.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 175<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 175<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                The importation into Turkey of arms, munitions and war
+
The importation into Turkey of arms, munitions and war
 
materials, including aircraft and parts of aircraft of every description, is strictly forbidden, except with the special authority
 
materials, including aircraft and parts of aircraft of every description, is strictly forbidden, except with the special authority
 
of the Inter-Allied Commission referred to in Article 200.<br><br>
 
of the Inter-Allied Commission referred to in Article 200.<br><br>
  
                The manufacture for foreign countries and the exportation of
+
The manufacture for foreign countries and the exportation of
 
arms, munitions and war material of any description is also forbidden.<br><br>
 
arms, munitions and war material of any description is also forbidden.<br><br>
  
                                                        ARTICLE 176.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 176.<br><br>
 
                                                          
 
                                                          
                                                            The use of flame-throwers, asphyxiating, poisonous or other
+
The use of flame-throwers, asphyxiating, poisonous or other
                                            gases and all similar liquids, materials or processes being forbidden, their manufacture and importation are strictly forbidden
+
gases and all similar liquids, materials or processes being forbidden, their manufacture and importation are strictly forbidden
                                            in Turkey.<br><br>
+
in Turkey.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                            Material specially intended for the manufacture, storage or
+
Material specially intended for the manufacture, storage or
                                            use of the said products or processes is equally forbidden.<br><br>
+
use of the said products or processes is equally forbidden.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                            The manufacture and importation into Turkey of armoured
+
The manufacture and importation into Turkey of armoured
                                            cars, tanks or any other similar machines suitable for use in war
+
cars, tanks or any other similar machines suitable for use in war
                                            are equally forbidden.<br><br>
+
are equally forbidden.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                        CHAPTER VII.<br><br>
+
CHAPTER VII.<br><br>
                                                        FORTIFICATIONS<br><br>
+
FORTIFICATIONS<br><br>
                                                        ARTICLE 177.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 177.<br><br>
 
                                                          
 
                                                          
                                                            In the zone of the Straits and islands referred to in Article 178
+
In the zone of the Straits and islands referred to in Article 178
                                            the fortifications will be disarmed and demolished as provided
+
the fortifications will be disarmed and demolished as provided
                                            in that Article.<br><br>
+
in that Article.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                            Outside this zone, and subject to the provisions of Article 89,
+
Outside this zone, and subject to the provisions of Article 89,
                                            the existing fortified works may be preserved in their present
+
the existing fortified works may be preserved in their present
                                            condition, but will be disarmed within the same period of three
+
condition, but will be disarmed within the same period of three
                                            months.<br><br>
+
months.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                      CHAPTER VIII.<br><br>
+
CHAPTER VIII.<br><br>
                                                MAINTENANCE OF THE FREEDOM OF THE STRAITS<br><br>
+
MAINTENANCE OF THE FREEDOM OF THE STRAITS<br><br>
                                                      ARTICLE 178.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 178.<br><br>
 
                                                  
 
                                                  
                                                            For the purpose of guaranteeing the freedom of the Straits,
+
For the purpose of guaranteeing the freedom of the Straits,
                                            the High Contracting Parties agree to the following provisions:<br><br>
+
the High Contracting Parties agree to the following provisions:<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                            (I) Within three months from the coming into force of the
+
(I) Within three months from the coming into force of the
                                            present Treaty, all works, fortifications and batteries within the
+
present Treaty, all works, fortifications and batteries within the
                                            zone defined in Article 179 and comprising the coast and islands
+
zone defined in Article 179 and comprising the coast and islands
                                            of the Sea of Marmora and the coast of the Straits, also those in
+
of the Sea of Marmora and the coast of the Straits, also those in
                                            the Islands of Lemnos, Imbros, Samothrace, Tenedos and Mitylene, shall be disarmed and demolished.<br><br>
+
the Islands of Lemnos, Imbros, Samothrace, Tenedos and Mitylene, shall be disarmed and demolished.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                            The reconstruction of these works and the construction of
+
The reconstruction of these works and the construction of
                                            similar works are forbidden in the above zone and islands. France,
+
similar works are forbidden in the above zone and islands. France,
                                            Great Britain and Italy shall have the right to prepare for demolition any existing roads and railways in the said zone and in the
+
Great Britain and Italy shall have the right to prepare for demolition any existing roads and railways in the said zone and in the
                                            islands of Lemnos, Imbros, Samothrace, and Tenedos which
+
islands of Lemnos, Imbros, Samothrace, and Tenedos which
                                            allow of the rapid transport of mobile batteries, the construction
+
allow of the rapid transport of mobile batteries, the construction
 
there of such roads and railways remaining forbidden.<br><br>
 
there of such roads and railways remaining forbidden.<br><br>
  
                In the islands of Lemnos, Imbros, Samothrace and Tenedos
+
In the islands of Lemnos, Imbros, Samothrace and Tenedos
 
the construction of new roads or railways must not be undertaken
 
the construction of new roads or railways must not be undertaken
 
except with the authority of the three Powers mentioned above.<br><br>
 
except with the authority of the three Powers mentioned above.<br><br>
  
                (2) The measures prescribed in the first paragraph of (I) shall
+
(2) The measures prescribed in the first paragraph of (I) shall
 
be executed by and at the expense of Greece and Turkey as regards their respective territories, and under control as provided in Article 203.<br><br>
 
be executed by and at the expense of Greece and Turkey as regards their respective territories, and under control as provided in Article 203.<br><br>
  
                (3) The territories of the zone and the islands of Lemnos,
+
(3) The territories of the zone and the islands of Lemnos,
 
Imbros, Samothrace, Tenedos, and Mitylene shall not be used
 
Imbros, Samothrace, Tenedos, and Mitylene shall not be used
 
for military purposes, except by the three Allied Powers referred
 
for military purposes, except by the three Allied Powers referred
Line 2,220: Line 2,246:
 
referred to in Article 152.<br><br>
 
referred to in Article 152.<br><br>
  
                (4) The said Powers, acting in concert, shall have the right
+
(4) The said Powers, acting in concert, shall have the right
 
to maintain in the said territories and islands such military and
 
to maintain in the said territories and islands such military and
 
air forces as they may consider necessary to prevent any action
 
air forces as they may consider necessary to prevent any action
 
being taken or prepared which might directly or indirectly prejudice the freedom of the Straits.<br><br>
 
being taken or prepared which might directly or indirectly prejudice the freedom of the Straits.<br><br>
  
                This supervision will be carried out in naval matters by a
+
This supervision will be carried out in naval matters by a
 
guard-ship belonging to each of the said Allied Powers.<br><br>
 
guard-ship belonging to each of the said Allied Powers.<br><br>
  
                The forces of occupation referred to above may, in case of
+
The forces of occupation referred to above may, in case of
 
necessity, exercise on land the right of requisition, subject to the
 
necessity, exercise on land the right of requisition, subject to the
 
same conditions as those laid down in the Regulations annexed
 
same conditions as those laid down in the Regulations annexed
Line 2,235: Line 2,261:
 
shall, however, only be made against payment on the spot.<br><br>
 
shall, however, only be made against payment on the spot.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 179.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 179.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
 
The zone referred to in Article 178 is defined as follows:<br><br>
 
The zone referred to in Article 178 is defined as follows:<br><br>
Line 2,243: Line 2,269:
 
From Karachali on the Gulf of Xeros north-eastwards,<br>
 
From Karachali on the Gulf of Xeros north-eastwards,<br>
  
                a line reaching and then following the southern boundary of
+
a line reaching and then following the southern boundary of
 
the basin of the Beylik Dere to the crest of the Kuru Dagh;<br>
 
the basin of the Beylik Dere to the crest of the Kuru Dagh;<br>
  
 
then following that crest line,<br>
 
then following that crest line,<br>
                                                            then a straight line passing north of Emerli, and south of Derelar,<br>
+
then a straight line passing north of Emerli, and south of Derelar,<br>
                                            then curving north-north-eastwards and cutting the road from
+
then curving north-north-eastwards and cutting the road from
                                            Rodosto to Malgara 3 kilometres west of Ainarjik and then
+
Rodosto to Malgara 3 kilometres west of Ainarjik and then
                                            passing 6 kilometres south-east of Ortaja Keui,<br>
+
passing 6 kilometres south-east of Ortaja Keui,<br>
                                            then curving north-eastwards and cutting the road from Rodosto to Hairobolu 18 kilometres northwest of Rodosto,<br>
+
then curving north-eastwards and cutting the road from Rodosto to Hairobolu 18 kilometres northwest of Rodosto,<br>
                                            then to a point on the road from Muradli to Rodosto about
+
then to a point on the road from Muradli to Rodosto about
                                            kilometre south of Muradli,<br>
+
kilometre south of Muradli,<br>
                                            a straight line;<br>
+
a straight line;<br>
                                            thence east-north-eastwards to.Yeni Keui,<br>
+
thence east-north-eastwards to.Yeni Keui,<br>
                                            a straight line, modified, however, so as to pass at a minimum
+
a straight line, modified, however, so as to pass at a minimum
                                            distance of 2 kilometres north of the railway from Chorlu to
+
distance of 2 kilometres north of the railway from Chorlu to
                                            Chatalja;<br>
+
Chatalja;<br>
                                            thence north-north-eastwards to a point west of Istranja,<br>
+
thence north-north-eastwards to a point west of Istranja,<br>
                                            situated on the frontier of Turkey in Europe as defined in Article
+
situated on the frontier of Turkey in Europe as defined in Article
                                            27, 1 (2),<br>
+
27, 1 (2),<br>
                                            a straight line leaving the village of Yeni Keui within the zone;
+
a straight line leaving the village of Yeni Keui within the zone;
                                            thence to the Black Sea,<br>
+
thence to the Black Sea,<br>
                                            the frontier of Turkey in Europe as defined in Article 27, 1 (2).<br><br>
+
the frontier of Turkey in Europe as defined in Article 27, 1 (2).<br><br>
                                            (2) In Asia:<br><br>
+
(2) In Asia:<br><br>
                                            From a point to be determined by the Principal Allied Powers
+
 
                                            between Cape Dahlina and Kemer Iskele on the gulf of Adramid
+
From a point to be determined by the Principal Allied Powers
                                            east-north-eastwards,<br>
+
between Cape Dahlina and Kemer Iskele on the gulf of Adramid
                                            a line passing south of Kemer Iskele and Kemer together with
+
east-north-eastwards,<br>
                                            the road joining these places;<br>
+
a line passing south of Kemer Iskele and Kemer together with
                                            then to a point immediately south of the point where the Decauville railway from Osmanlar to Urchanlar crosses the Diermen
+
the road joining these places;<br>
                                            Dere,<br>
+
then to a point immediately south of the point where the Decauville railway from Osmanlar to Urchanlar crosses the Diermen
                                            a straight line;<br>
+
Dere,<br>
                                            thence north-eastwards to Manias Geul,<br>
+
a straight line;<br>
                                            a line following the right bank of the Diermen Dere, and Kara
+
thence north-eastwards to Manias Geul,<br>
                                            Dere Suyu;<br>
+
a line following the right bank of the Diermen Dere, and Kara
                                            thence eastwards, the southern shore of Manias Geul;<br>
+
Dere Suyu;<br>
                                            then to the point where it is crossed by the railway from Panderma to Susighirli, the course of the Kara Dere upstream;<br>
+
thence eastwards, the southern shore of Manias Geul;<br>
                                            thence eastwards to a point on the Adranos Chai about
+
then to the point where it is crossed by the railway from Panderma to Susighirli, the course of the Kara Dere upstream;<br>
                                            kilometres from its mouth near Kara Oghlan,<br>
+
thence eastwards to a point on the Adranos Chai about
                                            a straight line;<br>
+
kilometres from its mouth near Kara Oghlan,<br>
                                            thence eastwards, the course of this river downstream
+
a straight line;<br>
                                            then the southern shore of Abulliont Geul;<br>
+
thence eastwards, the course of this river downstream
                  then to the point where the railway from Mudania to Brusa
+
then the southern shore of Abulliont Geul;<br>
 +
then to the point where the railway from Mudania to Brusa
 
crosses the Ulfer Chai, about 5 kilometres northwest of Brusa,<br>
 
crosses the Ulfer Chai, about 5 kilometres northwest of Brusa,<br>
 
a straight line;<br>
 
a straight line;<br>
Line 2,305: Line 2,332:
 
a straight line.<br><br>
 
a straight line.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 180.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 180.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                  A Commission shall be constituted within fifteen days from
+
A Commission shall be constituted within fifteen days from
 
the coming into force of the present Treaty to trace on the spot
 
the coming into force of the present Treaty to trace on the spot
 
the boundaries of the zone referred to in Article 178, except in
 
the boundaries of the zone referred to in Article 178, except in
Line 2,321: Line 2,348:
 
The expenses of this Commission will be included in the expenses of the occupation of the said zone.<br><br>
 
The expenses of this Commission will be included in the expenses of the occupation of the said zone.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
 +
SECTION II.<br><br>
  
          SECTION II.<br><br>
+
NAVAL CLAUSES.<br><br>
  
 +
ARTICLE 181.<br><br>
  
          NAVAL CLAUSES.<br><br>
+
From the coming into force of the present Treaty all warships
 
+
 
+
          ARTICLE 181.<br><br>
+
 
+
 
+
       
+
                  From the coming into force of the present Treaty all warships
+
 
interned in Turkish ports in accordance with the Armistice of
 
interned in Turkish ports in accordance with the Armistice of
 
October 30, 1918, are declared to be finally surrendered to the
 
October 30, 1918, are declared to be finally surrendered to the
 
Principal Allied Powers.<br><br>
 
Principal Allied Powers.<br><br>
  
                  Turkey will, however, retain the right to maintain along her
+
Turkey will, however, retain the right to maintain along her
 
coasts for police and fishery duties a number of vessels which
 
coasts for police and fishery duties a number of vessels which
 
shall not exceed:<br><br>
 
shall not exceed:<br><br>
  
7 sloops,<br><br>
+
7 sloops,<br><br>
 
   
 
   
6 torpedo boats.<br><br>
+
6 torpedo boats.<br><br>
 
   
 
   
                  These vessels will constitute the Turkish Marine, and will be
+
These vessels will constitute the Turkish Marine, and will be
 
chosen by the Naval Inter-Allied Commission of Control referred to in Article 201 from amongst the following vessels:<br><br>
 
chosen by the Naval Inter-Allied Commission of Control referred to in Article 201 from amongst the following vessels:<br><br>
  
              SLOOPS<br><br>
+
SLOOPS<br><br>
              <pre>
+
<pre>
 
Aidan Reis. Hizir Reis.
 
Aidan Reis. Hizir Reis.
 
Burock Reis. Kemal Reis.
 
Burock Reis. Kemal Reis.
 
Sakis. Issa Reis.
 
Sakis. Issa Reis.
 
Prevesah.
 
Prevesah.
  </pre>
+
</pre>
            TORPEDO-BOATS<br><br>
+
TORPEDO-BOATS<br><br>
 
<pre>             
 
<pre>             
 
                     Sisri Hissar.        Moussoul.
 
                     Sisri Hissar.        Moussoul.
 
                     Sultan Hissor.      Ack Hissar.
 
                     Sultan Hissor.      Ack Hissar.
 
                     Drach.                Younnous.
 
                     Drach.                Younnous.
  </pre>
+
</pre>
 
<br><br>
 
<br><br>
                  The authority established for the control of customs will be
+
 
 +
The authority established for the control of customs will be
 
entitled to appeal to the three Allied Powers referred to in Article
 
entitled to appeal to the three Allied Powers referred to in Article
                                            178 in order to obtain a more considerable force, if such an increase is considered indispensable for the satisfactory working of
+
178 in order to obtain a more considerable force, if such an increase is considered indispensable for the satisfactory working of
                                            the services concerned.<br><br>
+
the services concerned.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                              Sloops may carry a light armament of two guns inferior to 77
+
Sloops may carry a light armament of two guns inferior to 77
                                            m /m. and two machine guns. Torpedo-boats (or patrol launches)
+
m /m. and two machine guns. Torpedo-boats (or patrol launches)
                                            may carry a light armament of one gun inferior to 77 m/m.
+
may carry a light armament of one gun inferior to 77 m/m.
                                            All the torpedoes and torpedo-tubes on board will be removed.<br><br>
+
All the torpedoes and torpedo-tubes on board will be removed.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                          ARTICLE 182.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 182.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                              Turkey is forbidden to construct or acquire any warships
+
Turkey is forbidden to construct or acquire any warships
                                            other than those intended to replace the units referred to in Article 181. Torpedo-boats shall be replaced by patrol launches.<br><br>
+
other than those intended to replace the units referred to in Article 181. Torpedo-boats shall be replaced by patrol launches.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                              The vessels intended for replacement purposes shall not exceed:
+
The vessels intended for replacement purposes shall not exceed:
                                              600 tons in the case of sloops;<br><br>
+
600 tons in the case of sloops;<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                              l00 tons in the case of patrol launches.<br><br>
+
l00 tons in the case of patrol launches.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                              Except where a ship has been lost, sloops and torpedo-boats
+
Except where a ship has been lost, sloops and torpedo-boats
                                            shall only be replaced after a period of twenty years, counting
+
shall only be replaced after a period of twenty years, counting
                                            from the launching of the ship.<br><br>
+
from the launching of the ship.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                          ARTICLE 183.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 183.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                              The Turkish armed transports and fleet auxiliaries enumerated
+
The Turkish armed transports and fleet auxiliaries enumerated
                                            below shall be disarmed and treated as merchant ships:<br><br>
+
below shall be disarmed and treated as merchant ships:<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                              <i>Rechid Pasha</i> (late <i>Port Antonio</i>).<br>
+
<i>Rechid Pasha</i> (late <i>Port Antonio</i>).<br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                              <i>Tir-i-Mujghion </i>(late<i> Pembroke Castle</i>).<br>
+
<i>Tir-i-Mujghion </i>(late<i> Pembroke Castle</i>).<br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                              <i>Kiresund</i> (late <i>Warwick Castle</i>).<br>
+
<i>Kiresund</i> (late <i>Warwick Castle</i>).<br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                              <i>Millet</i> (late <i>Seagull</i>).<br>
+
<i>Millet</i> (late <i>Seagull</i>).<br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                              <i>Akdeniz.</i>
+
<i>Akdeniz.</i>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                              Bosphorus ferry-boats Nos. 60, 61, 63 and 70.<br><br>
+
Bosphorus ferry-boats Nos. 60, 61, 63 and 70.<br><br>
                                                          ARTICLE 184.<br><br>
+
 
 +
ARTICLE 184.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                              All warships, including submarines, now under construction in
+
All warships, including submarines, now under construction in
                                            Turkey shall be broken up, with the exception of such surface
+
Turkey shall be broken up, with the exception of such surface
                                            vessels as can be completed for commercial purposes.<br><br>
+
vessels as can be completed for commercial purposes.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                              The work of breaking up these vessels shall be commenced
+
The work of breaking up these vessels shall be commenced
                                            on the coming into force of the present Treaty.<br><br>
+
on the coming into force of the present Treaty.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                          ARTICLE 185.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 185.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                              Articles, machinery and material arising from the breaking up
+
Articles, machinery and material arising from the breaking up
                                            of Turkish warships of all kinds, whether surface vessels or submarines, may not be used except for purely industrial or commercial purposes. They may not be sold or disposed of to foreign countries.<br><br>
+
of Turkish warships of all kinds, whether surface vessels or submarines, may not be used except for purely industrial or commercial purposes. They may not be sold or disposed of to foreign countries.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 186.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 186.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                The construction or acquisition of any submarine, even for
+
The construction or acquisition of any submarine, even for
 
commercial purposes, shall be forbidden in Turkey.<br><br>
 
commercial purposes, shall be forbidden in Turkey.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 187.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 187.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                The vessels of the Turkish Marine enumerated in Article 181
+
The vessels of the Turkish Marine enumerated in Article 181
 
must have on board or in reserve only the allowance of war
 
must have on board or in reserve only the allowance of war
 
material and armaments fixed by the Naval Inter-Allied Commission of Control referred to in Article 201. Within a month
 
material and armaments fixed by the Naval Inter-Allied Commission of Control referred to in Article 201. Within a month
Line 2,431: Line 2,455:
 
the Principal Allied Powers.<br><br>
 
the Principal Allied Powers.<br><br>
  
                The manufacture of these articles in Turkish territory for, and
+
The manufacture of these articles in Turkish territory for, and
 
their export to, foreign countries shall be forbidden.<br><br>
 
their export to, foreign countries shall be forbidden.<br><br>
  
                All other stocks, depots or reserves of arms, munitions or naval
+
All other stocks, depots or reserves of arms, munitions or naval
 
war material of all kinds are forbidden.<br><br>
 
war material of all kinds are forbidden.<br><br>
  
        ARTICLE 188.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 188.<br><br>
 
          
 
          
                The Naval Inter-Allied Commission of Control will fix the
+
The Naval Inter-Allied Commission of Control will fix the
 
number of officers and men of all grades and corps to be admitted
 
number of officers and men of all grades and corps to be admitted
 
in accordance with the provisions of Article 189, into the Turkish
 
in accordance with the provisions of Article 189, into the Turkish
Line 2,445: Line 2,469:
 
ships left to Turkey in accordance with Article 181, and the administrative personnel of the police and fisheries protection services and of the semaphore stations.<br><br>
 
ships left to Turkey in accordance with Article 181, and the administrative personnel of the police and fisheries protection services and of the semaphore stations.<br><br>
  
                Within two months from the time when the above number is
+
Within two months from the time when the above number is
 
fixed, the personnel of the former Turkish Navy in excess of this
 
fixed, the personnel of the former Turkish Navy in excess of this
 
number shall be demobilised.
 
number shall be demobilised.
 
<br><br>
 
<br><br>
                No naval or military corps or reserve force in connection with
+
 
 +
No naval or military corps or reserve force in connection with
 
the Turkish Marine may be organised in Turkey without being
 
the Turkish Marine may be organised in Turkey without being
 
included in the above strength.<br><br>
 
included in the above strength.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 189.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 189.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                The personnel of the Turkish Marine shall be recuited entirely
+
The personnel of the Turkish Marine shall be recuited entirely
 
by voluntary engagements entered into for a minimum period of
 
by voluntary engagements entered into for a minimum period of
                                            twenty-five consecutive years for officers, and twelve consecutive
+
twenty-five consecutive years for officers, and twelve consecutive
                                            years for petty officers and men.<br><br>
+
years for petty officers and men.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                            The number engaged to replace those discharged for any reason other than the expiration of their term of service must not
+
The number engaged to replace those discharged for any reason other than the expiration of their term of service must not
                                            exceed five per cent. per annum of the total personnel fixed by
+
exceed five per cent. per annum of the total personnel fixed by
                                            the Naval Inter-Allied Commission of Control.<br><br>
+
the Naval Inter-Allied Commission of Control.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                            The personnel discharged from the former Turkish Navy must
+
The personnel discharged from the former Turkish Navy must
                                            not receive any kind of naval or military training.<br><br>
+
not receive any kind of naval or military training.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                            Officers belonging to the former Turkish Navy and not demobilised must undertake to serve till the age of forty-five, unless
+
Officers belonging to the former Turkish Navy and not demobilised must undertake to serve till the age of forty-five, unless
                                            discharged for sufficient reason.<br><br>
+
discharged for sufficient reason.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                            Officers and men belonging to the Turkish mercantile marine
+
Officers and men belonging to the Turkish mercantile marine
 
+
must not receive any kind of naval or military training.<br><br>
                                            must not receive any kind of naval or military training.<br><br>
+
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                          ARTICLE 190.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 190.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                            On the coming into force of the present Treaty all the wireless
+
On the coming into force of the present Treaty all the wireless
                                            stations in the zone referred to in Article 178 shall be handed
+
stations in the zone referred to in Article 178 shall be handed
                                            over to the Principal Allied Powers. Greece and Turkey shall
+
over to the Principal Allied Powers. Greece and Turkey shall
                                            not construct any wireless stations in the said zone.<br><br>
+
not construct any wireless stations in the said zone.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                        SECTION III.<br><br>
+
SECTION III.<br><br>
                                                        AIR CLAUSES.<br><br>
+
AIR CLAUSES.<br><br>
                                                        ARTICLE 19l.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 19l.<br><br>
 
                                                          
 
                                                          
                                                              The Turkish armed forces must not include any military or
+
The Turkish armed forces must not include any military or
                                              naval air forces.<br><br>
+
naval air forces.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                              No dirigible shall be kept.<br><br>
+
No dirigible shall be kept.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                          ARTICLE 192.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 192.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                              Within two months from the coming into force of the present
+
Within two months from the coming into force of the present
                                              Treaty the personnel of the air forces on the rolls of the Turkish
+
Treaty the personnel of the air forces on the rolls of the Turkish
                                              land and sea forces shall be demobilised.<br><br>
+
land and sea forces shall be demobilised.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                          ARTICLE 193.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 193.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                              Until the complete evacuation of Turkish territory by the
+
Until the complete evacuation of Turkish territory by the
                                              Allied troops, the aircraft of the Allied Powers shall have throughout Turkish territory freedom of passage through the air, freedom
+
Allied troops, the aircraft of the Allied Powers shall have throughout Turkish territory freedom of passage through the air, freedom
                                              of transit and of landing.<br><br>
+
of transit and of landing.<br><br>
 
+
  
            ARTICLE 194.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 194.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                  During the six months following the coming into force of the
+
During the six months following the coming into force of the
 
present Treaty the manufacture, importation and exportation
 
present Treaty the manufacture, importation and exportation
 
of aircraft of every kind, parts of aircraft, engines for aircraft
 
of aircraft of every kind, parts of aircraft, engines for aircraft
Line 2,511: Line 2,534:
 
territory.<br><br>
 
territory.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 195.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 195.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                  On the coming into force of the present Treaty all military and
+
On the coming into force of the present Treaty all military and
 
naval aeronautical material must be delivered by Turkey, at her
 
naval aeronautical material must be delivered by Turkey, at her
 
own expense, to the Principal Allied Powers.<br><br>
 
own expense, to the Principal Allied Powers.<br><br>
  
                  Delivery must be completed within six months and must be
+
Delivery must be completed within six months and must be
 
effected at such places as may be appointed by the Aeronautical
 
effected at such places as may be appointed by the Aeronautical
 
Inter-Allied Commission of Control. The Governments of the
 
Inter-Allied Commission of Control. The Governments of the
Line 2,523: Line 2,546:
 
material.<br><br>
 
material.<br><br>
  
                  In particular, this material will include all items under the
+
In particular, this material will include all items under the
 
following heads which are or have been in use or were designed
 
following heads which are or have been in use or were designed
 
for warlike purposes.<br><br>
 
for warlike purposes.<br><br>
  
                Complete aeroplanes and seaplanes, as well as those being
+
Complete aeroplanes and seaplanes, as well as those being
 
manufactured, repaired or assembled.<br><br>
 
manufactured, repaired or assembled.<br><br>
  
                  Dirigibles able to take the air, being manufactured, repaired
+
Dirigibles able to take the air, being manufactured, repaired
 
or assembled.<br><br>
 
or assembled.<br><br>
  
Plant for the manufacture of hydrogen.<br><br>
+
Plant for the manufacture of hydrogen.<br><br>
 
   
 
   
Dirigible sheds and shelters of every kind for aircraft.<br><br>
+
Dirigible sheds and shelters of every kind for aircraft.<br><br>
 
   
 
   
                  Pending their delivery, dirigibles will, at the expense of Turkey
+
Pending their delivery, dirigibles will, at the expense of Turkey
 
be maintained inflated with hydrogen; the plant for the manufacture of hydrogen, as well as the sheds for dirigibles, may, at
 
be maintained inflated with hydrogen; the plant for the manufacture of hydrogen, as well as the sheds for dirigibles, may, at
 
the discretion of the said Powers, be left to Turkey until the
 
the discretion of the said Powers, be left to Turkey until the
 
dirigibles are handed over.<br><br>
 
dirigibles are handed over.<br><br>
  
Engines for aircraft.<br><br>
+
Engines for aircraft.<br><br>
 
   
 
   
Nacelles and fuselages.<br><br>
+
Nacelles and fuselages.<br><br>
 
   
 
   
                  Armament (guns, machine-guns, light machine-guns, bombdropping apparatus, torpedo-dropping apparatus, synchronising
+
Armament (guns, machine-guns, light machine-guns, bombdropping apparatus, torpedo-dropping apparatus, synchronising
 
apparatus, aiming apparatus).<br><br>
 
apparatus, aiming apparatus).<br><br>
  
                  Munitions (cartridges, shells, bombs loaded or unloaded, stocks
+
Munitions (cartridges, shells, bombs loaded or unloaded, stocks
 
of explosives or of material for their manufacture).<br><br>
 
of explosives or of material for their manufacture).<br><br>
  
 
Instruments for use on aircraft.<br><br>
 
Instruments for use on aircraft.<br><br>
  
                  Wireless apparatus and photographic and cinematographic
+
Wireless apparatus and photographic and cinematographic
 
apparatus for use on aircraft.<br><br>
 
apparatus for use on aircraft.<br><br>
  
 
Component parts of any of the items under the preceding heads.<br><br>
 
Component parts of any of the items under the preceding heads.<br><br>
                                                              All aeronautical material of whatsoever description in Turkey
 
                                            shall be considered primdfocie as war material, and as such may
 
                                            not be exported, transferred, lent, used or destroyed, but must
 
                                            remain on the spot until such time as the Aeronautical Inter-Allied Commission of Control referred to in Article 202 has given
 
                                            a decision as to its nature; this Commission will be exclusively
 
                                            entitled to decide all such points.<br><br>
 
                                           
 
                                                        SECTION IV.<br><br>
 
  
 +
All aeronautical material of whatsoever description in Turkey
 +
shall be considered primdfocie as war material, and as such may
 +
not be exported, transferred, lent, used or destroyed, but must
 +
remain on the spot until such time as the Aeronautical Inter-Allied Commission of Control referred to in Article 202 has given
 +
a decision as to its nature; this Commission will be exclusively
 +
entitled to decide all such points.<br><br>
 +
                                           
 +
SECTION IV.<br><br>
  
                                              INTER-ALLIED COMMISSIONS OF CONTROL AND
+
INTER-ALLIED COMMISSIONS OF CONTROL AND
                                                      ORGANISATION.<br><br>
+
ORGANISATION.<br><br>
                                                      ARTICLE 196.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 196.<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                              Subject to any special provisions in this Part, the military,
+
Subject to any special provisions in this Part, the military,
                                            naval and air clauses contained in the present Treaty shall be
+
naval and air clauses contained in the present Treaty shall be
                                            executed by Turkey and at her expense under the control of
+
executed by Turkey and at her expense under the control of
                                            Inter-Allied Commissions appointed for this purpose by the
+
Inter-Allied Commissions appointed for this purpose by the
                                            Principal Allied Powers.<br><br>
+
Principal Allied Powers.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                              The above-mentioned Commissions will represent the Principal Allied Powers in dealing with the Turkish Government in
+
The above-mentioned Commissions will represent the Principal Allied Powers in dealing with the Turkish Government in
                                            all matters relating to the execution of the military, naval or air
+
all matters relating to the execution of the military, naval or air
                                            clauses. They will communicate to the Turkish authorities the
+
clauses. They will communicate to the Turkish authorities the
                                            decisions which the Principal Allied Powers have reserved the
+
decisions which the Principal Allied Powers have reserved the
                                            right to take, or which the execution of the said clauses may
+
right to take, or which the execution of the said clauses may
                                            necessitate.<br><br>
+
necessitate.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                          ARTICLE 197.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 197.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                              The Inter-Allied Commissions of Control and Organisation
+
The Inter-Allied Commissions of Control and Organisation
                                            may establish their organisations at Constantinople, and will be
+
may establish their organisations at Constantinople, and will be
                                            entitled, as often as they think desirable, to proceed to any point
+
entitled, as often as they think desirable, to proceed to any point
                                            whatever in Turkish territory, or to send sub-commissions, or to
+
whatever in Turkish territory, or to send sub-commissions, or to
                                            authorise one or more of their members to go, to any such point.<br><br>
+
authorise one or more of their members to go, to any such point.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                          ARTICLE 198.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 198.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                              The Turkish Government must furnish to the Inter-Allied
+
The Turkish Government must furnish to the Inter-Allied
          Commissions of Control and Organisation all such information
+
Commissions of Control and Organisation all such information
                                            and documents as the latter may deem necessary for the accomplishment of their mission, and must supply at its own expense
+
and documents as the latter may deem necessary for the accomplishment of their mission, and must supply at its own expense
                                            all labour and material which the said Commissions may require
+
all labour and material which the said Commissions may require
          in order to ensure the complete execution of the military, naval
+
in order to ensure the complete execution of the military, naval
 
or air clauses.<br><br>
 
or air clauses.<br><br>
  
                  The Turkish Government shall attach a qualified representative to each Commission for the purpose of receiving all communications which the Commission may have to address to the
+
The Turkish Government shall attach a qualified representative to each Commission for the purpose of receiving all communications which the Commission may have to address to the
 
Turkish Government, and of supplying or procuring for the Commission all information or documents which may be required.<br><br>
 
Turkish Government, and of supplying or procuring for the Commission all information or documents which may be required.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 199.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 199.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                  The upkeep and cost of the Inter-Allied Commissions of Control and Organisation and the expenses incurred by their work
+
The upkeep and cost of the Inter-Allied Commissions of Control and Organisation and the expenses incurred by their work
 
shall be borne by Turkey.
 
shall be borne by Turkey.
 
<br><br>
 
<br><br>
            ARTICLE 200.<br><br>
+
 
 +
ARTICLE 200.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                  The Military Inter-Allied Commission of Control and Organisation will be entrusted on the one hand with the supervision of
+
The Military Inter-Allied Commission of Control and Organisation will be entrusted on the one hand with the supervision of
 
the execution of tbe military clauses relating to the reduction
 
the execution of tbe military clauses relating to the reduction
 
of the Turkish forces within the authorised limits, the delivery
 
of the Turkish forces within the authorised limits, the delivery
Line 2,620: Line 2,644:
 
Turkish armed force.<br><br>
 
Turkish armed force.<br><br>
  
                  (l) As the Military Inter-Allied Commission of Control it
+
(l) As the Military Inter-Allied Commission of Control it
 
will be its special duty:<br><br>
 
will be its special duty:<br><br>
  
                  (a) To fix the number of customs officials, local urban and
+
(a) To fix the number of customs officials, local urban and
 
rural police, forest guards and other like officials which Turkey
 
rural police, forest guards and other like officials which Turkey
 
will be authorised to maintain in accordance with Article 170.<br><br>
 
will be authorised to maintain in accordance with Article 170.<br><br>
  
                  (b) To receive from the Turkish Government the notifications
+
(b) To receive from the Turkish Government the notifications
 
relating to the location of the stocks and depots of munitions, the
 
relating to the location of the stocks and depots of munitions, the
 
armament of the fortified works, fortresses and forts, the situation of the works or factories for the production of arms, munitions and war material and their operations.<br><br>
 
armament of the fortified works, fortresses and forts, the situation of the works or factories for the production of arms, munitions and war material and their operations.<br><br>
  
                  (c) To take delivery of the arms, munitions, war material and
+
(c) To take delivery of the arms, munitions, war material and
 
plant intended for manufacture of the same, to select the points
 
plant intended for manufacture of the same, to select the points
 
where such delivery is to be effected, and to supervise the works
 
where such delivery is to be effected, and to supervise the works
Line 2,637: Line 2,661:
 
present Treaty.
 
present Treaty.
 
<br><br>
 
<br><br>
                  (2) As the Military Inter-Allied Commission of Organisation
+
 
 +
(2) As the Military Inter-Allied Commission of Organisation
 
it will be its special duty:<br><br>
 
it will be its special duty:<br><br>
                                                              (a) To proceed, in collaboration with the Turkish Government,
+
 
                                            with the organisation of the Turkish armed force upon the basis
+
(a) To proceed, in collaboration with the Turkish Government,
                                            laid down in Chapters I to IV, Section I of this Part, with the
+
with the organisation of the Turkish armed force upon the basis
                                            delimitation of the territorial regions provided for in Article 156,
+
laid down in Chapters I to IV, Section I of this Part, with the
                                            and with the distribution of the troops of gendarmerie and the
+
delimitation of the territorial regions provided for in Article 156,
                                            special elements for reinforcement between the different territorial regions;<br><br>
+
and with the distribution of the troops of gendarmerie and the
 +
special elements for reinforcement between the different territorial regions;<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                              (b) To control the conditions for the employment, as laid down
+
(b) To control the conditions for the employment, as laid down
                                            in Articles 156 and I57, of these troops of gendarmerie and these
+
in Articles 156 and I57, of these troops of gendarmerie and these
                                            elements, and to decide what effect shall be given to requests of
+
elements, and to decide what effect shall be given to requests of
                                            the Turkish Government for the provisional modification of the
+
the Turkish Government for the provisional modification of the
                                            normal distribution of these forces determined in conformity with
+
normal distribution of these forces determined in conformity with
                                            the said Articles;<br><br>
+
the said Articles;<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                              (c) To determine the proportion by nationality of the Allied
+
(c) To determine the proportion by nationality of the Allied
                                            and neutral officers to be engaged to serve in the Turkish gendarmerie under the conditions laid down in Article 159, and to lay
+
and neutral officers to be engaged to serve in the Turkish gendarmerie under the conditions laid down in Article 159, and to lay
 
+
down the conditions under which they are to participate in the
                                            down the conditions under which they are to participate in the
+
different duties provided for them in the said Article.<br><br>
                                            different duties provided for them in the said Article.<br><br>
+
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                          ARTICLE 201.
+
ARTICLE 201.<br><br>
                                                          <br><br>
+
 
                                                              It will be the special duty of the Naval Inter-Allied Commission of Control to visit the building yards and to supervise the
+
It will be the special duty of the Naval Inter-Allied Commission of Control to visit the building yards and to supervise the
                                            breaking-up of the ships, to take delivery of the arms, munitions
+
breaking-up of the ships, to take delivery of the arms, munitions
                                            and naval war material and to supervise their destruction and
+
and naval war material and to supervise their destruction and
                                            breaking up.<br><br>
+
breaking up.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                              The Turkish Government must furnish to the Naval Inter-Allied Commission of Control all such information and documents
+
The Turkish Government must furnish to the Naval Inter-Allied Commission of Control all such information and documents
                                            as the latter may deem necessary to ensure the complete execution
+
as the latter may deem necessary to ensure the complete execution
                                            of the naval clauses, in particular the designs of the warships, the
+
of the naval clauses, in particular the designs of the warships, the
                                            composition of their armaments, the details and models of the
+
composition of their armaments, the details and models of the
                                            guns, munitions, torpedoes, mines, explosives, wireless telegraphic
+
guns, munitions, torpedoes, mines, explosives, wireless telegraphic
                                            apparatus and in general everything relating to naval war
+
apparatus and in general everything relating to naval war
                                            material, as well as all legislative or administrative documents
+
material, as well as all legislative or administrative documents
                                            and regulations.<br><br>
+
and regulations.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                          ARTICLE 202.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 202.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                              It will be the special duty of the Aeronautical Inter-Allied
+
It will be the special duty of the Aeronautical Inter-Allied
                                            Commission of Control to make an inventory of the aeronautical
+
Commission of Control to make an inventory of the aeronautical
                                            material now in the hands of the Turkish Government, to inspect
+
material now in the hands of the Turkish Government, to inspect
                                            aeroplane, balloon and motor manufactories and factories producing arms, munitions and explosives capable of being used by
+
aeroplane, balloon and motor manufactories and factories producing arms, munitions and explosives capable of being used by
 
aircraft, to visit all aerodromes, sheds, landing grounds, parks
 
aircraft, to visit all aerodromes, sheds, landing grounds, parks
 
and depots on Turkish territory, to arrange, if necessary, for
 
and depots on Turkish territory, to arrange, if necessary, for
 
the removal of material and to take delivery of such material.<br><br>
 
the removal of material and to take delivery of such material.<br><br>
  
                  The Turkish Government must furnish to the Aeronautical
+
The Turkish Government must furnish to the Aeronautical
 
Inter-Allied Commission of Control all such information and
 
Inter-Allied Commission of Control all such information and
 
legislative, administrative or other documents as the Commission
 
legislative, administrative or other documents as the Commission
Line 2,695: Line 2,720:
 
and of all sheds and landing grounds.<br><br>
 
and of all sheds and landing grounds.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 203.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 203.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                  The Military, Naval and Aeronautical Inter-Allied Commissions of Control will appoint representatives who will be jointly
+
The Military, Naval and Aeronautical Inter-Allied Commissions of Control will appoint representatives who will be jointly
 
responsible for controlling the execution of the operations provided for in paragraphs (1) and (2) of Article 178.<br><br>
 
responsible for controlling the execution of the operations provided for in paragraphs (1) and (2) of Article 178.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 204.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 204.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                  Pending the definitive settlement of the political status of the
+
Pending the definitive settlement of the political status of the
 
territories referred to in Article 89, the decisions of the Inter-
 
territories referred to in Article 89, the decisions of the Inter-
 
Allied Commissions of Control and Organisation will be subject
 
Allied Commissions of Control and Organisation will be subject
Line 2,708: Line 2,733:
 
necessary in consequence of such settlement.<br><br>
 
necessary in consequence of such settlement.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 205.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 205.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                  The Naval and Aeronautical Inter-Allied Commissions of
+
The Naval and Aeronautical Inter-Allied Commissions of
 
Control will cease to operate on the completion of the tasks
 
Control will cease to operate on the completion of the tasks
 
assigned to them respectively by Articles 201 and 202.<br><br>
 
assigned to them respectively by Articles 201 and 202.<br><br>
  
                  The same will apply to the section of the Military Inter-Allied
+
The same will apply to the section of the Military Inter-Allied
 
Commission entrusted with the functions of control prescribed in
 
Commission entrusted with the functions of control prescribed in
 
Article 200 (1).<br><br>
 
Article 200 (1).<br><br>
  
                  The section of the said Commission entrusted with the organisation of the new Turkish armed force as provided in Article 200
+
The section of the said Commission entrusted with the organisation of the new Turkish armed force as provided in Article 200
 
(2) will operate for five years from the coming into force of the
 
(2) will operate for five years from the coming into force of the
 
present Treaty. The Principal Allied Powers reserve the right
 
present Treaty. The Principal Allied Powers reserve the right
 
to decide, at the end of this period, whether it is desirable to maintain or suppress this section of the said Commission.<br><br>
 
to decide, at the end of this period, whether it is desirable to maintain or suppress this section of the said Commission.<br><br>
  
                                                        SECTION V.<br><br>
+
SECTION V.<br><br>
                                                      GENERAL PROVISIONS.<br><br>
+
GENERAL PROVISIONS.<br><br>
                                                      ARTICLE 206.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 206.<br><br>
 
                                                        
 
                                                        
                                                              The following portions of the Armistice of October 30, 1918:
+
The following portions of the Armistice of October 30, 1918:
                                            Articles 7, 10, 12, 13 and 24 remain in force so far as they are not
+
Articles 7, 10, 12, 13 and 24 remain in force so far as they are not
                                            inconsistent with the provisions of the present Treaty.<br><br>
+
inconsistent with the provisions of the present Treaty.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                          ARTICLE 207.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 207.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                              Turkey undertakes from the coming into force of the present
+
Turkey undertakes from the coming into force of the present
                                            Treaty not to accredit to any foreign country any military,
+
Treaty not to accredit to any foreign country any military,
                                            naval or air mission, and not to send or allow the departure of
+
naval or air mission, and not to send or allow the departure of
                                            such mission; she undertakes, moreover, to take the necessary
+
such mission; she undertakes, moreover, to take the necessary
                                            steps to prevent Turkish nationals from leaving her territory in
+
steps to prevent Turkish nationals from leaving her territory in
                                            order to enlist in the army, fleet or air service of any foreign
+
order to enlist in the army, fleet or air service of any foreign
                                            Power, or to be attached thereto with the purpose of helping
+
Power, or to be attached thereto with the purpose of helping
                                            in its training, or generally to give any assistance to the military,
+
in its training, or generally to give any assistance to the military,
                                            naval or air instruction in a foreign country.<br><br>
+
naval or air instruction in a foreign country.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                              The Allied Powers undertake on their part that from the coming into force of the present Treaty they will neither enlist in
+
The Allied Powers undertake on their part that from the coming into force of the present Treaty they will neither enlist in
                                            their armies, fleets or air services nor attach to them any Turkish
+
their armies, fleets or air services nor attach to them any Turkish
                                            national with the object of helping in military training, or in
+
national with the object of helping in military training, or in
                                            general employ any Turkish national as a military, naval or air
+
general employ any Turkish national as a military, naval or air
                                            instructor.<br><br>
+
instructor.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                              The present provision does not, however, affect the right of
+
The present provision does not, however, affect the right of
                                            France to recruit for the Foreign Legion in accordance with
+
France to recruit for the Foreign Legion in accordance with
                                            French military laws and regulations.<br><br>
+
French military laws and regulations.<br><br>
  
 
        
 
        
    PART VI.<br><br>
+
PART VI.<br><br>
    PRISONERS OF WAR AND GRAVES.<br><br>
+
PRISONERS OF WAR AND GRAVES.<br><br>
          SECTION I.<br><br>
+
SECTION I.<br><br>
        PRISONERS OF WAR.<br><br>
+
PRISONERS OF WAR.<br><br>
          ARTICLE 208.
+
ARTICLE 208.<br><br>
    <br><br>
+
 
                  The repatriation of Turkish prisoners of war and interned
+
The repatriation of Turkish prisoners of war and interned
 
civilians who have not already been repatriated shall continue
 
civilians who have not already been repatriated shall continue
 
as quickly as possible after the coming into force of the present
 
as quickly as possible after the coming into force of the present
 
Treaty.<br><br>
 
Treaty.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 209.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 209.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                  From the time of their delivery into the hands of the Turkish
+
From the time of their delivery into the hands of the Turkish
 
authorities, the prisoners of war and interned civilians are to be
 
authorities, the prisoners of war and interned civilians are to be
 
returned without delay to their homes by the said authorities.<br><br>
 
returned without delay to their homes by the said authorities.<br><br>
  
                  Those among them who, before the war, were habitually resident in territory occupied by the troops of the Allied Powers are
+
Those among them who, before the war, were habitually resident in territory occupied by the troops of the Allied Powers are
 
likewise to be sent to their homes, subject to the consent and
 
likewise to be sent to their homes, subject to the consent and
 
control of the military authorities of the Allied armies of occupation.<br><br>
 
control of the military authorities of the Allied armies of occupation.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 210.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 210.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                  The whole cost of repatriation from October 30, 1918, shall
+
The whole cost of repatriation from October 30, 1918, shall
 
be borne by the Turkish Government.<br><br>
 
be borne by the Turkish Government.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 211.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 211.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                  Prisoners of war and interned civilians awaiting disposal or
+
Prisoners of war and interned civilians awaiting disposal or
 
undergoing sentence for offences against discipline shall be repatriated irrespective of the completion of their sentence or of the
 
undergoing sentence for offences against discipline shall be repatriated irrespective of the completion of their sentence or of the
 
proceedings pending against them.<br><br>
 
proceedings pending against them.<br><br>
  
                  This stipulation shall not apply to prisoners of war and interned civilians punished for offences committed subsequent to
+
This stipulation shall not apply to prisoners of war and interned civilians punished for offences committed subsequent to
 
June 15, 1920.<br><br>
 
June 15, 1920.<br><br>
  
                  During the period pending their repatriation, all prisoners of
+
During the period pending their repatriation, all prisoners of
 
war and interned civilians shall remain subject to the existing
 
war and interned civilians shall remain subject to the existing
 
regulations, more especially as regards work and discipline.<br><br>
 
regulations, more especially as regards work and discipline.<br><br>
  
                                                      ARTICLE 212.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 212.<br><br>
 
                                                      
 
                                                      
                                                              Prisoners of war and interned civilians who are awaiting trial
+
Prisoners of war and interned civilians who are awaiting trial
                                            or undergoing sentence for offences other than those against
+
or undergoing sentence for offences other than those against
                                            discipline may be detained.<br><br>
+
discipline may be detained.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                        ARTICLE 213.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 213.<br><br>
 
                                                          
 
                                                          
                                                              The Turkish Government undertakes to admit to its territory
+
The Turkish Government undertakes to admit to its territory
                                            without distinction all persons liable to repatriation.<br><br>
+
without distinction all persons liable to repatriation.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                              Prisoners of war or Turkish nationals who do not desire to be
+
Prisoners of war or Turkish nationals who do not desire to be
                                            repatriated may be excluded from repatriation; but the Allied
+
repatriated may be excluded from repatriation; but the Allied
                                            Governments reserve to themselves the right either to repatriate
+
Governments reserve to themselves the right either to repatriate
                                            them or to take them to a neutral country or to allow them to
+
them or to take them to a neutral country or to allow them to
                                            reside in their own territories.<br><br>
+
reside in their own territories.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                              The Turkish Government undertakes not to institute any exceptional proceedings against these persons or their families nor
+
The Turkish Government undertakes not to institute any exceptional proceedings against these persons or their families nor
                                            to take any repressive or vexatious measures of any kind whatsoever against them on this account.<br><br>
+
to take any repressive or vexatious measures of any kind whatsoever against them on this account.<br><br
  
 
+
ARTICLE 214.<br><br>
                                           
+
                                                          ARTICLE 214.<br><br>
+
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                              The Allied Governments reserve the right to make the repatriation of Turkish prisoners of war or Turkish nationals in their
+
The Allied Governments reserve the right to make the repatriation of Turkish prisoners of war or Turkish nationals in their
                                            hands conditional upon the immediate notification and release
+
hands conditional upon the immediate notification and release
                                            by the Turkish Government of any prisoners of war and other
+
by the Turkish Government of any prisoners of war and other
                                            nationals of the Allied Powers who are still held in Turkey against
+
nationals of the Allied Powers who are still held in Turkey against
                                            their will.<br><br>
+
their will.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                          ARTICLE 2I5.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 2I5.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                              The Turkish Government undertakes:<br><br>
+
The Turkish Government undertakes:<br><br>
 
                                                
 
                                                
                                                                (I) To give every facility to Commissions entrusted by the
+
(I) To give every facility to Commissions entrusted by the
                                            Allied Powers with the search for the missing or the identification of Allied nationals who have expressed their desire to remain
+
Allied Powers with the search for the missing or the identification of Allied nationals who have expressed their desire to remain
                                            in Turkish territory; to furnish such Commissions with all
+
in Turkish territory; to furnish such Commissions with all
                                            necessary means of transport; to allow them access to camps,
+
necessary means of transport; to allow them access to camps,
                                            prisons, hospitals and all other places; and to place at their disposal all documents whether public or private which would
+
prisons, hospitals and all other places; and to place at their disposal all documents whether public or private which would
                                            facilitate their enquiries;<br><br>
+
facilitate their enquiries;<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                                (2) To impose penalties upon any Turkish officials or private
+
(2) To impose penalties upon any Turkish officials or private
                                            persons who have concealed the presence of any nationals of any
+
persons who have concealed the presence of any nationals of any
                                            of the Allied Powers, or who have neglected to reveal the presence
+
of the Allied Powers, or who have neglected to reveal the presence
                                            of any such after it had come to their knowledge;<br><br>
+
of any such after it had come to their knowledge;<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                              (3) To facilitate the establishing of criminal acts punishable
+
(3) To facilitate the establishing of criminal acts punishable
 
by the penalties referred to in Part VII (Penalties) of the present
 
by the penalties referred to in Part VII (Penalties) of the present
 
Treaty and committed by Turks against the persons of prisoners
 
Treaty and committed by Turks against the persons of prisoners
 
of war or Allied nationals during the war.
 
of war or Allied nationals during the war.
 
<br><br>
 
<br><br>
            ARTICLE 216.<br><br>
+
 
 +
ARTICLE 216.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                  The Turkish Govermnent undertakes to restore without delay
+
The Turkish Govermnent undertakes to restore without delay
 
from the date of the coming into force of the present Treaty all
 
from the date of the coming into force of the present Treaty all
 
articles, equipment, arms, money, securities, documents and
 
articles, equipment, arms, money, securities, documents and
Line 2,853: Line 2,877:
 
and which have been retained by the Turkish authorities.<br><br>
 
and which have been retained by the Turkish authorities.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 217.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 217.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                  The High Contracting Parties waive reciprocally all repayment
+
The High Contracting Parties waive reciprocally all repayment
 
of sums due for the maintenance of prisoners of war in their
 
of sums due for the maintenance of prisoners of war in their
 
respective territories.<br><br>
 
respective territories.<br><br>
  
            SECTION II.<br><br>
+
SECTION II.<br><br>
            GRAVES.<br><br>
+
GRAVES.<br><br>
            ARTICLE 218.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 218.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                  The Turkish Government shall transfer to the British, French
+
The Turkish Government shall transfer to the British, French
 
and Italian Governments respectively full and exclusive rights
 
and Italian Governments respectively full and exclusive rights
 
of ownership over the land within the boundaries of Turkey as
 
of ownership over the land within the boundaries of Turkey as
Line 2,872: Line 2,896:
 
or providing means of access to such cemeteries or memorials.<br><br>
 
or providing means of access to such cemeteries or memorials.<br><br>
  
                  The Greek Government undertakes to fulfil the same obligation
+
The Greek Government undertakes to fulfil the same obligation
 
so far as concerns the portion of the zone of the Straits and the
 
so far as concerns the portion of the zone of the Straits and the
 
islands placed under its sovereignty.<br><br>
 
islands placed under its sovereignty.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 219.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 219.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                  Within six months from the coming into force of the present
+
Within six months from the coming into force of the present
 
Treaty the British, French and Italian Governments will respectively notify to the Turkish Government and the Greek Government the land of which the ownership is to be transferred to
 
Treaty the British, French and Italian Governments will respectively notify to the Turkish Government and the Greek Government the land of which the ownership is to be transferred to
 
them in accordance with Article 218. The British, French and
 
them in accordance with Article 218. The British, French and
 
Italian Governments will each have the right to appoint a Commission, which shall be exclusively entitled to examine the areas
 
Italian Governments will each have the right to appoint a Commission, which shall be exclusively entitled to examine the areas
                                            where burials have or may have taken place, and to make suggestions with regard to the re-grouping of graves and the sites
+
where burials have or may have taken place, and to make suggestions with regard to the re-grouping of graves and the sites
                                            where cemeteries are eventually to be established. The Turkish
+
where cemeteries are eventually to be established. The Turkish
                                            Government and the Greek Government may be represented on
+
Government and the Greek Government may be represented on
                                            these Commissions, and shall give them all assistance in carrying
+
these Commissions, and shall give them all assistance in carrying
                                            out their mission.
+
out their mission.<br><br>
                                            <br><br>
+
 
                                                              The said land will include in particular the land in the Gallipoli
+
The said land will include in particular the land in the Gallipoli
                                            Peninsula shown on map No. 3 [see Introduction]; the limits of this
+
Peninsula shown on map No. 3 [see Introduction]; the limits of this
                                            land will be notified to the Greek Government as provided in the
+
land will be notified to the Greek Government as provided in the
                                            preceding paragraph. The Government in whose favour the transfer is made undertakes not to employ the land, nor to allow it to
+
preceding paragraph. The Government in whose favour the transfer is made undertakes not to employ the land, nor to allow it to
                                            be employed, for any purpose other than that to which it is dedicated. The shore may not be employed for any military, marine
+
be employed, for any purpose other than that to which it is dedicated. The shore may not be employed for any military, marine
                                            or commercial purpose.<br><br>
+
or commercial purpose.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                          ARTICLE 220.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 220.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                              Any necessary legislative or administrative measures for the
+
Any necessary legislative or administrative measures for the
                                            transfer to the British, French and Italian Governments respectively of full and exclusive rights of ownership over the land
+
transfer to the British, French and Italian Governments respectively of full and exclusive rights of ownership over the land
                                            notified in accordance with Article 219 shall be taken by the
+
notified in accordance with Article 219 shall be taken by the
                                            Turkish Government and the Greek Government respectively
+
Turkish Government and the Greek Government respectively
                                            within six months from the date of such notification. If any
+
within six months from the date of such notification. If any
                                            compulsory acquisition of the land is necessary it will be effected
+
compulsory acquisition of the land is necessary it will be effected
                                            by, and at the cost of, the Turkish Government or the Greek
+
by, and at the cost of, the Turkish Government or the Greek
                                            Government, as the case may be.<br><br>
+
Government, as the case may be.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                          ARTICLE 221.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 221.<br><br>
 
                                                            
 
                                                            
                                                              The British, French and Italian Governments may respectively entrust f gendarmerie, Greek and
+
The British, French and Italian Governments may respectively entrust f gendarmerie, Greek and
 
Turkish, will be under the I
 
Turkish, will be under the I
                                            deem fit the establishment, arrangement, maintenance and care
+
deem fit the establishment, arrangement, maintenance and care
                                            of the cemeteries, memorials and graves situated in the land
+
of the cemeteries, memorials and graves situated in the land
                                            referred to in Article 218.<br><br>
+
referred to in Article 218.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                              These Commissions or organisations shall be officially recognised by the Turkish Government and the Greek Government
+
These Commissions or organisations shall be officially recognised by the Turkish Government and the Greek Government
                                            respectively. They shall have the right to undertake any exhumations or removal of bodies which they may consider necessary in order to concentrate the graves and establish cemeteries;
+
respectively. They shall have the right to undertake any exhumations or removal of bodies which they may consider necessary in order to concentrate the graves and establish cemeteries;
                                            the remains of soldiers or sailors may not be exhumed, on any
+
the remains of soldiers or sailors may not be exhumed, on any
                                            pretext whatever, without the authority of the Commission or
+
pretext whatever, without the authority of the Commission or
                                            organisation of the Government concerned.<br><br>
+
organisation of the Government concerned.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 222.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 222.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                The land referred to in this Section shall not be subjected by
+
The land referred to in this Section shall not be subjected by
 
Turkey or the Turkish authorities, or by Greece or the Greek
 
Turkey or the Turkish authorities, or by Greece or the Greek
 
authorities, as the case may be, to any form of taxation. Representatives of the British, French or Italian Governments, as
 
authorities, as the case may be, to any form of taxation. Representatives of the British, French or Italian Governments, as
Line 2,931: Line 2,955:
 
said land.<br><br>
 
said land.<br><br>
  
                The Turkish Government and the Greek Government respectively undertake to afford to the British, French and Italian
+
The Turkish Government and the Greek Government respectively undertake to afford to the British, French and Italian
 
Governments all necessary facilities for obtaining a sufficient
 
Governments all necessary facilities for obtaining a sufficient
 
water supply for the requirements of the staff engaged in the
 
water supply for the requirements of the staff engaged in the
Line 2,937: Line 2,961:
 
and for the irrigation of the land.<br><br>
 
and for the irrigation of the land.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 223.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 223.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                The provisions of this Section do not affect the Turkish or
+
The provisions of this Section do not affect the Turkish or
 
Greek sovereignty, as the case may be, over the land transferred.
 
Greek sovereignty, as the case may be, over the land transferred.
 
The Turkish Government and the Greek Government respectively shall take all the necessary measures to ensure the punishment of persons subject to their jurisdiction who may be guilty
 
The Turkish Government and the Greek Government respectively shall take all the necessary measures to ensure the punishment of persons subject to their jurisdiction who may be guilty
Line 2,945: Line 2,969:
 
graves.<br><br>
 
graves.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 224.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 224.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                Without prejudice to the other provisions of this Section, the
+
Without prejudice to the other provisions of this Section, the
 
Allied Governments and the Turkish Government will cause to
 
Allied Governments and the Turkish Government will cause to
 
be respected and maintained the graves of soldiers and sailors
 
be respected and maintained the graves of soldiers and sailors
Line 2,953: Line 2,977:
 
which they may hold a mandate in conformity with the Covenant of the League of Nations.<br><br>
 
which they may hold a mandate in conformity with the Covenant of the League of Nations.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 225.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 225.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                The graves of prisoners of war and interned civilians who are
+
The graves of prisoners of war and interned civilians who are
 
nationals of the different belligerent States and have died in
 
nationals of the different belligerent States and have died in
 
captivity shall be properly maintained in accordance with
 
captivity shall be properly maintained in accordance with
                                            Article 224.<br><br>
+
 
 +
Article 224.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                            The Allied Governments on the one hand and the Turkish
+
The Allied Governments on the one hand and the Turkish
                                            Government on the other reciprocally undertake also to furnish
+
Government on the other reciprocally undertake also to furnish
                                            to each other:<br><br>
+
to each other:<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                            (1) A complete list of those who have died, together with all
+
(1) A complete list of those who have died, together with all
                                            information useful for identification<br><br>
+
information useful for identification<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                            (2) All information as to the number and position of the graves of all those who have been buried without identification.
+
(2) All information as to the number and position of the graves of all those who have been buried without identification.
 
<br><br>
 
<br><br>
  
            PART VII.<br><br>
+
PART VII.<br><br>
            PENALTIES.<br><br>
+
PENALTIES.<br><br>
            ARTICLE 226.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 226.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                  The Turkish Government recognises the right of the Allied
+
The Turkish Government recognises the right of the Allied
 
Powers to bring before military tribunals persons accused of
 
Powers to bring before military tribunals persons accused of
 
having committed acts in violation of the laws and customs of
 
having committed acts in violation of the laws and customs of
Line 2,980: Line 3,005:
 
or in the territory of her allies.<br><br>
 
or in the territory of her allies.<br><br>
  
                  The Turkish Government shall hand over to the Allied Powers
+
The Turkish Government shall hand over to the Allied Powers
 
or to such one of them as shall so request all persons accused of
 
or to such one of them as shall so request all persons accused of
 
having committed an act in violation of the laws and customs of
 
having committed an act in violation of the laws and customs of
Line 2,986: Line 3,011:
 
employment which they held under the Turkish authorities.<br><br>
 
employment which they held under the Turkish authorities.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 227.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 227.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                  Persons guilty of criminal acts against the nationals of one
+
Persons guilty of criminal acts against the nationals of one
 
of the Allied Powers shall be brought before the military tribunals
 
of the Allied Powers shall be brought before the military tribunals
 
of that Power.<br><br>
 
of that Power.<br><br>
  
                  Persons guilty of criminal acts against the nationals of more
+
Persons guilty of criminal acts against the nationals of more
 
than one of the Allied Powers shall be brought before military
 
than one of the Allied Powers shall be brought before military
 
tribunals composed of members of the military tribunals of the
 
tribunals composed of members of the military tribunals of the
 
Powers concerned.<br><br>
 
Powers concerned.<br><br>
  
                  In every case the accused shall be entitled to name his own
+
In every case the accused shall be entitled to name his own
 
counsel.<br><br>
 
counsel.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 228.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 228.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                  The Turkish Government undertakes to furnish all documents
+
The Turkish Government undertakes to furnish all documents
 
and information of every kind, the production of which may be
 
and information of every kind, the production of which may be
 
considered necessary to ensure the full knowledge of the incriminating acts, the prosecution of offenders and the just appreciation of responsibility.<br><br>
 
considered necessary to ensure the full knowledge of the incriminating acts, the prosecution of offenders and the just appreciation of responsibility.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 229.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 229.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                  The provisions of Articles 226 to 228 apply similarly to the
+
The provisions of Articles 226 to 228 apply similarly to the
 
Governments of the States to which territory belonging to the
 
Governments of the States to which territory belonging to the
 
former Turkish Empire has been or may be assigned, in so far as
 
former Turkish Empire has been or may be assigned, in so far as
                                            concerns persons accused of having committed acts contrary to
+
concerns persons accused of having committed acts contrary to
                                            the laws and customs of war who are in the territory or at the
+
the laws and customs of war who are in the territory or at the
                                            disposal of such States.<br><br>
+
disposal of such States.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                              If the persons in question have acquired the nationality of one
+
If the persons in question have acquired the nationality of one
                                            of the said States, the Government of such State undertakes to
+
of the said States, the Government of such State undertakes to
                                            take, at the request of the Power concerned and in agreement
+
take, at the request of the Power concerned and in agreement
                                            with it, or upon the joint request of all the Allied Powers, all the
+
with it, or upon the joint request of all the Allied Powers, all the
                                            measures necessary to ensure the prosecution and punishment of
+
measures necessary to ensure the prosecution and punishment of
                                            such persons.<br><br>
+
such persons.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                        ARTICLE 230.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 230.<br><br>
 
                                                          
 
                                                          
                                                              The Turkish Government undertakes to hand over to the
+
The Turkish Government undertakes to hand over to the
                                            Allied Powers the persons whose surrender may be required by
+
Allied Powers the persons whose surrender may be required by
                                            the latter as being responsible for the massacres committed
+
the latter as being responsible for the massacres committed
                                            during the continuance of the state of war on territory which
+
during the continuance of the state of war on territory which
                                            formed part of the Turkish Empire on August 1, 1914.<br><br>
+
formed part of the Turkish Empire on August 1, 1914.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
 
+
The Allied Powers reserve to themselves the right to designate
                                                              The Allied Powers reserve to themselves the right to designate
+
the tribunal which shall try the persons so accused, and the
                                            the tribunal which shall try the persons so accused, and the
+
Turkish Government undertakes to recognise such tribunal.<br><br>
                                            Turkish Government undertakes to recognise such tribunal.<br><br>
+
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                              In the event of the League of Nations having created in sufficient time a tribunal competent to deal with the said massacres,
+
In the event of the League of Nations having created in sufficient time a tribunal competent to deal with the said massacres,
                                            the Allied Powers reserve to themselves the right to bring the
+
the Allied Powers reserve to themselves the right to bring the
                                            accused persons mentioned above before such tribunal, and
+
accused persons mentioned above before such tribunal, and
                                            the Turkish Government undertakes equally to recognise such
+
the Turkish Government undertakes equally to recognise such
                                            tribunal.<br><br>
+
tribunal.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                              The provisions of Article 228 apply to the cases dealt with in
+
The provisions of Article 228 apply to the cases dealt with in
                                            this Article.
+
this Article.
 
<br><br>
 
<br><br>
  
          PART VIII.<br><br>
+
PART VIII.<br><br>
        FINANCIAL CLAUSES.<br><br>
+
FINANCIAL CLAUSES.<br><br>
          ARTICLE 231.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 231.<br><br>
 
          
 
          
                  Turkey recognises that by joining in the war of aggression
+
Turkey recognises that by joining in the war of aggression
 
which Germany and Austria-Hungary waged against the Allied
 
which Germany and Austria-Hungary waged against the Allied
 
Powers she has caused to the latter losses and sacrifices of all
 
Powers she has caused to the latter losses and sacrifices of all
 
kinds for which she ought to make complete reparation.<br><br>
 
kinds for which she ought to make complete reparation.<br><br>
  
                On the other hand, the Allied Powers recognise that the
+
On the other hand, the Allied Powers recognise that the
 
resources of Turkey are not sufficient to enable her to make
 
resources of Turkey are not sufficient to enable her to make
 
complete reparation.<br><br>
 
complete reparation.<br><br>
  
                In these circumstances, and inasmuch as the territorial rearrangements resulting from the present Treaty will leave to
+
In these circumstances, and inasmuch as the territorial rearrangements resulting from the present Treaty will leave to
 
Turkey only a portion of the revenues of the former Turkish
 
Turkey only a portion of the revenues of the former Turkish
 
Empire, all claims against the Turkish Government for reparation are waived by the Allied Powers, subject only to the provisions of this Part and of Part IX (Economic Clauses) of the
 
Empire, all claims against the Turkish Government for reparation are waived by the Allied Powers, subject only to the provisions of this Part and of Part IX (Economic Clauses) of the
 
present Treaty.<br><br>
 
present Treaty.<br><br>
  
                The Allied Powers, desiring to afford some measure of relief
+
The Allied Powers, desiring to afford some measure of relief
 
and assistance to Turkey, agree with the Turkish Government
 
and assistance to Turkey, agree with the Turkish Government
 
that a Financial Commission shall be appointed consisting of
 
that a Financial Commission shall be appointed consisting of
Line 3,072: Line 3,096:
 
are set forth in the following Articles.<br><br>
 
are set forth in the following Articles.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 232.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 232.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                The Financial Commission shall take such steps as in its judgment are best adapted to conserve and increase the resources of
+
The Financial Commission shall take such steps as in its judgment are best adapted to conserve and increase the resources of
 
Turkey.
 
Turkey.
 
<br><br>
 
<br><br>
                The Budget to be presented annually by the Minister of Finance to the Turkish Parliament shall be submitted, in the first
+
 
 +
The Budget to be presented annually by the Minister of Finance to the Turkish Parliament shall be submitted, in the first
 
instance, to the Financial Commission, and shall be presented to
 
instance, to the Financial Commission, and shall be presented to
 
Parliament in the form approved by that Commission. No
 
Parliament in the form approved by that Commission. No
Line 3,083: Line 3,108:
 
the approval of the Financial Commission.<br><br>
 
the approval of the Financial Commission.<br><br>
  
                                                            The Financial Commission shall supervise the execution of the
+
The Financial Commission shall supervise the execution of the
                                            Budget and the financial laws and regulations of Turkey. This
+
Budget and the financial laws and regulations of Turkey. This
                                            supervision shall be exercised through the medium of the Turkish
+
supervision shall be exercised through the medium of the Turkish
                                            Inspectorate of Finance, which shall be placed under the direct
+
Inspectorate of Finance, which shall be placed under the direct
                                            orders of the Financial Commission, and whose members will
+
orders of the Financial Commission, and whose members will
                                            only be appointed with the approval of the Commission.<br><br>
+
only be appointed with the approval of the Commission.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                            The Turkish Government undertakes to furnish to this Inspectorate all facilities necessary for the fulfilment of its task, and to
+
The Turkish Government undertakes to furnish to this Inspectorate all facilities necessary for the fulfilment of its task, and to
                                            take such action against unsuitable officials in the Financial
+
take such action against unsuitable officials in the Financial
                                            Departments of the Government as the Financial Commission
+
Departments of the Government as the Financial Commission
                                            may suggest.<br><br>
+
may suggest.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                        ARTICLE 233.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 233.<br><br>
 
                                                          
 
                                                          
                                                            The Financial Commission shall, in addition, in agreement
+
The Financial Commission shall, in addition, in agreement
                                            with the Council of the Ottoman Public Debt and the Imperial
+
with the Council of the Ottoman Public Debt and the Imperial
                                            Ottoman Bank, undertake by such means as may be recognised
+
Ottoman Bank, undertake by such means as may be recognised
                                            to be opportune and equitable the regulation and improvement
+
to be opportune and equitable the regulation and improvement
                                            of the Turkish currency.<br><br>
+
of the Turkish currency.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                        ARTICLE 234.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 234.<br><br>
 
                                                          
 
                                                          
                                                            The Turkish Government undertakes not to contract any
+
The Turkish Government undertakes not to contract any
                                            internal or external loan without the consent of the Financial
+
internal or external loan without the consent of the Financial
                                            Commission.<br><br>
+
Commission.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                        ARTICLE 235.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 235.<br><br>
 
                                                          
 
                                                          
                                                            The Turkish Government engages to pay, in accordance with
+
The Turkish Government engages to pay, in accordance with
                                            the provisions of the present Treaty, for all loss or damage, as
+
the provisions of the present Treaty, for all loss or damage, as
                                            defined in Article 236, suffered by civilian nationals of the Allied
+
defined in Article 236, suffered by civilian nationals of the Allied
                                            Powers, in respect of their persons or property, through the
+
Powers, in respect of their persons or property, through the
                                            action or negligence of the Turkish authorities during the war
+
action or negligence of the Turkish authorities during the war
                                            and up to the coming into force of the present Treaty.<br><br>
+
and up to the coming into force of the present Treaty.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                            The Turkish Government will be bound to make to the European Commission of the Danube such restitutions, reparations
+
The Turkish Government will be bound to make to the European Commission of the Danube such restitutions, reparations
                                            and indemnities as may be fixed by the Financial Commission
+
and indemnities as may be fixed by the Financial Commission
                                            in respect of damages inHicted on the said European Commission
+
in respect of damages inHicted on the said European Commission
                                            of the Danube during the war.<br><br>
+
of the Danube during the war.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                        ARTICLE 236.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 236.<br><br>
 
                                                          
 
                                                          
                                                            All the resources of Turkey, except revenues conceded or
+
All the resources of Turkey, except revenues conceded or
                                            hypothecated to the service of the Ottoman Public Debt (see
+
hypothecated to the service of the Ottoman Public Debt (see
                                            Annex 1), shall be placed at the disposal of the Financial Commission, which shall employ them, as need arises, in the following
+
Annex 1), shall be placed at the disposal of the Financial Commission, which shall employ them, as need arises, in the following
 
manner:<br><br>
 
manner:<br><br>
  
                  (i) The first charge (after payment of the salaries and current
+
(i) The first charge (after payment of the salaries and current
 
expenses of the Financial Commission, and of the ordinary
 
expenses of the Financial Commission, and of the ordinary
 
expenses of such Allied forces of occupation as may be maintained
 
expenses of such Allied forces of occupation as may be maintained
Line 3,140: Line 3,165:
 
Power which has borne the expenses of occupation.<br><br>
 
Power which has borne the expenses of occupation.<br><br>
  
                  The amount of these expenses and of the annuities by which
+
The amount of these expenses and of the annuities by which
 
they shall be discharged will be determined by the Financial
 
they shall be discharged will be determined by the Financial
 
Commission, which will so arrange the annuities as to enable
 
Commission, which will so arrange the annuities as to enable
Line 3,148: Line 3,173:
 
this Part.<br><br>
 
this Part.<br><br>
  
                  (ii) The second charge shall be the indemnity which the
+
(ii) The second charge shall be the indemnity which the
 
Turkish Government is to pay, in accordance with Article 235,
 
Turkish Government is to pay, in accordance with Article 235,
 
on account of the claims of the Allied Powers for loss or damage
 
on account of the claims of the Allied Powers for loss or damage
Line 3,167: Line 3,192:
 
Article 287, be insufficient to meet this charge, and shall determine the currency in which the annuity shall be paid.<br><br>
 
Article 287, be insufficient to meet this charge, and shall determine the currency in which the annuity shall be paid.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 237<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 237<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                  Any hypothecation of Turkish revenues effected during the
+
Any hypothecation of Turkish revenues effected during the
 
war in respect of obligations (including the internal debt) contracted by the Turkish Government during the war is hereby
 
war in respect of obligations (including the internal debt) contracted by the Turkish Government during the war is hereby
                                            annulled.<br><br>
+
annulled.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                        ARTICLE 238.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 238.<br><br>
 
                                                          
 
                                                          
                                                              Turkey recognises the transfer to the Allied Powers of any
+
Turkey recognises the transfer to the Allied Powers of any
                                            claims to payment or repayment which Germany, Austria,
+
claims to payment or repayment which Germany, Austria,
                                            Bulgaria or Hungary may have against her, in accordance with
+
Bulgaria or Hungary may have against her, in accordance with
                                            Article 261 of the Treaty of Peace concluded at Versailles on
+
Article 261 of the Treaty of Peace concluded at Versailles on
                                            June 28, 19l9, with Germany, and the corresponding Articles of
+
June 28, 19l9, with Germany, and the corresponding Articles of
                                            the Treaties of Peace with Austria, Bulgaria and Hungary.
+
the Treaties of Peace with Austria, Bulgaria and Hungary.
                                            The Allied Powers agree not to require from Turkey any pay ment in respect of claims so transferred.<br><br>
+
The Allied Powers agree not to require from Turkey any pay ment in respect of claims so transferred.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                        ARTICLE 239.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 239.<br><br>
 
                                                          
 
                                                          
                                                              No new concession shall be granted by the Turkish Government either to a Turkish subject or otherwise without the consent of the Financial Commission.<br><br>
+
No new concession shall be granted by the Turkish Government either to a Turkish subject or otherwise without the consent of the Financial Commission.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                        ARTICLE 240.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 240.<br><br>
 
                                                          
 
                                                          
                                                              States in whose favour territory is detached from Turkey shall
+
States in whose favour territory is detached from Turkey shall
                                            acquire without payment all property and possessions situated
+
acquire without payment all property and possessions situated
                                            therein registered in the name of the Turkish Empire or of the
+
therein registered in the name of the Turkish Empire or of the
                                            Civil List.<br><br>
+
Civil List.<br><br>
                                                        ARTICLE 241.<br><br>
+
 
 +
ARTICLE 241.<br><br>
 
                                                          
 
                                                          
                                                              States in whose favour territory has been detached from
+
States in whose favour territory has been detached from
                                            Turkey, either as a result of the Balkan Wars in 1913, or under
+
Turkey, either as a result of the Balkan Wars in 1913, or under
                                            the present Treaty, shall participate in the annual charge for the
+
the present Treaty, shall participate in the annual charge for the
                                            service of the Ottoman Public Debt contracted before November 1, 1914.<br><br>
+
service of the Ottoman Public Debt contracted before November 1, 1914.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                              The Governments of the States of the Balkan Peninsula and
+
The Governments of the States of the Balkan Peninsula and
                                            the newly-created States in Asia in favour of whom such territory
+
the newly-created States in Asia in favour of whom such territory
                                            has been or is detached from Turkey shall give adequate guarantees for the payment of the share of the above annual charge
+
has been or is detached from Turkey shall give adequate guarantees for the payment of the share of the above annual charge
                                            allotted to them respectively.<br><br>
+
allotted to them respectively.<br><br>
 
                                              
 
                                              
                                                        ARTICLE 242.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 242.<br><br>
 
                                                          
 
                                                          
                                                              For the purposes of this Part, the Ottoman Public Debt shall
+
For the purposes of this Part, the Ottoman Public Debt shall
                                            be deemed to consist of the Debt heretofore governed by the
+
be deemed to consist of the Debt heretofore governed by the
                                            Decree of Mouharrem, together with such other loans as are
+
Decree of Mouharrem, together with such other loans as are
                                            enumerated in Annex I to this Part.<br><br>
+
enumerated in Annex I to this Part.<br><br>
  
                    Loans contracted before November 1, 1914, will be taken into
+
Loans contracted before November 1, 1914, will be taken into
 
account in the distribution of the Ottoman Public Debt between
 
account in the distribution of the Ottoman Public Debt between
 
Turkey, the States of the Balkan Peninsula and the new States
 
Turkey, the States of the Balkan Peninsula and the new States
Line 3,219: Line 3,245:
 
This distribution shall be effected in the following manner:<br><br>
 
This distribution shall be effected in the following manner:<br><br>
  
                    (I) Annuities arising from loans prior to October 17, 19l2
+
(I) Annuities arising from loans prior to October 17, 19l2
 
(Balkan Wars), shall be distributed between Turkey and the
 
(Balkan Wars), shall be distributed between Turkey and the
 
Balkan States, including Albania, which receive or have received
 
Balkan States, including Albania, which receive or have received
 
any Turkish territory.<br><br>
 
any Turkish territory.<br><br>
  
                    (2) The residue of the annuities for which Turkey remains
+
(2) The residue of the annuities for which Turkey remains
 
liable after this distribution, together with those arising from
 
liable after this distribution, together with those arising from
 
loans contracted by Turkey between October 17, 19l2, and
 
loans contracted by Turkey between October 17, 19l2, and
Line 3,231: Line 3,257:
 
the present Treaty.<br><br>
 
the present Treaty.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 243<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 243<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                    The general principle to be adopted in determining the amount
+
The general principle to be adopted in determining the amount
 
of the annuity to be paid by each State will be as follows:<br><br>
 
of the annuity to be paid by each State will be as follows:<br><br>
  
                    The amount shall bear the same ratio to the total required
+
The amount shall bear the same ratio to the total required
 
for the service of the Debt as the average revenue of the transferred territory bore to the average revenue of the whole of
 
for the service of the Debt as the average revenue of the transferred territory bore to the average revenue of the whole of
 
Turkey (including in each case the yield of the Customs surtax
 
Turkey (including in each case the yield of the Customs surtax
 
imposed in the year 1907) over the three financial years 1909-10, 1910-11, and 1911-12.<br><br>
 
imposed in the year 1907) over the three financial years 1909-10, 1910-11, and 1911-12.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 244<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 244<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                    The Financial Commission shall, as soon as possible after the
+
The Financial Commission shall, as soon as possible after the
 
coming into force of the present Treaty, determine in accordance
 
coming into force of the present Treaty, determine in accordance
 
with the principle laid down in Article 243 the amount of the
 
with the principle laid down in Article 243 the amount of the
 
annuities referred to in that Article, and communicate its decisions in this respect to the High Contracting Parties.
 
annuities referred to in that Article, and communicate its decisions in this respect to the High Contracting Parties.
 
<br><br>
 
<br><br>
                  The Financial Commission shall fulfil the functions provided
+
 
 +
The Financial Commission shall fulfil the functions provided
 
for in Article 134 of the Treaty of Peace concluded with Bulgaria
 
for in Article 134 of the Treaty of Peace concluded with Bulgaria
 
on November 27, 19l9.<br><br>
 
on November 27, 19l9.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 245.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 245.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                  The annuities assessed in the manner above provided will be
+
The annuities assessed in the manner above provided will be
 
payable as from the date of the coming into force of the Treaties
 
payable as from the date of the coming into force of the Treaties
 
by which the respective territories were detached from Turkey,
 
by which the respective territories were detached from Turkey,
                                          and, in the case of territories detached under the present Treaty
+
and, in the case of territories detached under the present Treaty
                                          from March 1, 1920; they shall continue to be payable (except
+
from March 1, 1920; they shall continue to be payable (except
                                          as provided by Article 252) until the final liquidation of the
+
as provided by Article 252) until the final liquidation of the
                                          Debt. They shall, however, be proportionately reduced as the
+
Debt. They shall, however, be proportionately reduced as the
                                          loans constituting the Debt are successively extinguished.<br><br>
+
loans constituting the Debt are successively extinguished.<br><br>
 
                                            
 
                                            
                                                        ARTICLE 246.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 246.<br><br>
 
                                                          
 
                                                          
                                                              The Turkish Government transfers to the Financial Commission all its rights under the provisions of the Decree of Mouharrem
+
The Turkish Government transfers to the Financial Commission all its rights under the provisions of the Decree of Mouharrem
                                          and subsequent Decrees.<br><br>
+
and subsequent Decrees.<br><br>
 
                                            
 
                                            
                                                              The Council of the Ottoman Public Debt shall consist of the
+
The Council of the Ottoman Public Debt shall consist of the
                                          British, French and Italian delegates, and of the representative
+
British, French and Italian delegates, and of the representative
                                          of the Imperial Ottoman Bank, and shall continue to operate as
+
of the Imperial Ottoman Bank, and shall continue to operate as
                                          heretofore. It shall administer and levy all revenues conceded
+
heretofore. It shall administer and levy all revenues conceded
                                          to it under the Decree of Mouharrem and all other revenues the
+
to it under the Decree of Mouharrem and all other revenues the
                                          management of which has been entrusted to it in accordance
+
management of which has been entrusted to it in accordance
                                          with any other loan contracts previous to November 1, 1914.<br><br>
+
with any other loan contracts previous to November 1, 1914.<br><br>
 
                                            
 
                                            
                                                              The Allied Powers authorise the Council to give administrative assistance to the Turkish Ministry of Finance, under such
+
The Allied Powers authorise the Council to give administrative assistance to the Turkish Ministry of Finance, under such
                                          conditions as may be determined by the Financial Commission
+
conditions as may be determined by the Financial Commission
                                          with the object of realising as far as possible the following programme:<br><br>
+
with the object of realising as far as possible the following programme:<br><br>
 
                                            
 
                                            
                                                              The system of direct levy of certain revenues by the existing
+
The system of direct levy of certain revenues by the existing
                                          Administration of the Ottoman Public Debt shall, within limits
+
Administration of the Ottoman Public Debt shall, within limits
                                          to be prescribed by the Financial Commission, be extended as
+
to be prescribed by the Financial Commission, be extended as
                                          widely as possible and applied throughout the provinces remaining Turkish. On each new creation of revenue or of indirect
+
widely as possible and applied throughout the provinces remaining Turkish. On each new creation of revenue or of indirect
                                          taxes approved by the Financial Commission, the Commission
+
taxes approved by the Financial Commission, the Commission
                                          shal consider thepossibility of entrusting the administration
+
shal consider thepossibility of entrusting the administration
                                          thereof to the Council of the Debt for the account of the Turkish
+
thereof to the Council of the Debt for the account of the Turkish
                                          Government.<br><br>
+
Government.<br><br>
 
                                            
 
                                            
                                                              The administration of the Customs shall be under a Director-General appointed by and revocable by the Financial Commission and answerable to it. No change in the schedule of the
+
The administration of the Customs shall be under a Director-General appointed by and revocable by the Financial Commission and answerable to it. No change in the schedule of the
                                          Customs charges shall be made except with the approval of the
+
Customs charges shall be made except with the approval of the
                                          Financial Commission.<br><br>
+
Financial Commission.<br><br>
 
                                            
 
                                            
                                                              The Governments of France, Great Britain and Italy will
+
The Governments of France, Great Britain and Italy will
                                          decide, by a majority and after consulting the bondholders
+
decide, by a majority and after consulting the bondholders
                                          whether the Council should be maintained or replaced by the
+
whether the Council should be maintained or replaced by the
                                          Financial Commission or the expiry of the present term of the
+
Financial Commission or the expiry of the present term of the
                                          Council. The decision of the Governments shall be taken at
+
Council. The decision of the Governments shall be taken at
 
least six months before the date corresponding to the expiry of
 
least six months before the date corresponding to the expiry of
 
this period.<br><br>
 
this period.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 247.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 247.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                    The Commission has authority to propose, at a later date, the
+
The Commission has authority to propose, at a later date, the
 
substitution for the pledges at present granted to bondholders, in
 
substitution for the pledges at present granted to bondholders, in
 
accordance with their contracts or existing decrees, of other
 
accordance with their contracts or existing decrees, of other
Line 3,311: Line 3,338:
 
on this subject.<br><br>
 
on this subject.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 248.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 248.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                    All property, movable and immovable, belonging to the Administration of the Ottoman Public Debt, wherever situate,
+
All property, movable and immovable, belonging to the Administration of the Ottoman Public Debt, wherever situate,
 
shall remain integrally at the disposal of that body.<br><br>
 
shall remain integrally at the disposal of that body.<br><br>
  
                    The Council of the Debt shall have power to apply the value
+
The Council of the Debt shall have power to apply the value
 
of any realised property for the purpose of extraordinary amortisation either of the Unified Debt or of the Lots Turcs.<br><br>
 
of any realised property for the purpose of extraordinary amortisation either of the Unified Debt or of the Lots Turcs.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 249.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 249.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                    The Turkish Government agrees to transfer to the Financial
+
The Turkish Government agrees to transfer to the Financial
 
Commission all its rights in the Reserve Funds and the Tripoli
 
Commission all its rights in the Reserve Funds and the Tripoli
 
Indemnity Fund.<br><br>
 
Indemnity Fund.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 250.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 250.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                    A sum equal to the arrears of any revenues heretofore affected
+
A sum equal to the arrears of any revenues heretofore affected
 
to the service of the Ottoman Public Debt within the territories
 
to the service of the Ottoman Public Debt within the territories
 
remaining Turkish, which should have been but have not been
 
remaining Turkish, which should have been but have not been
Line 3,336: Line 3,363:
 
shall permit.<br><br>
 
shall permit.<br><br>
  
            ARTICLE 251.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 251.<br><br>
 
              
 
              
                    The Council of the Debt shall review all the transactions of
+
The Council of the Debt shall review all the transactions of
 
the Council which have taken place during the war. Any disbursements made by the Council which were not in accordance
 
the Council which have taken place during the war. Any disbursements made by the Council which were not in accordance
 
with its powers and duties, as defined by the Decree of Mouharrem or otherwise before the war, shall be reimbursed to the
 
with its powers and duties, as defined by the Decree of Mouharrem or otherwise before the war, shall be reimbursed to the
 
Council of the Debt by the Turkish Government so soon as in
 
Council of the Debt by the Turkish Government so soon as in
 
+
the opinion of the Financial Commission such payment is possible.
                                          the opinion of the Financial Commission such payment is possible.
+
The Council shall have power to review any action on the part
                                          The Council shall have power to review any action on the part
+
of the Council during the war, and to annul any obligation which
                                          of the Council during the war, and to annul any obligation which
+
in its opinion is prejudicial to the interests of the bondholders,
                                          in its opinion is prejudicial to the interests of the bondholders,
+
and which was not in accordance with the powers of the Council
                                          and which was not in accordance with the powers of the Council
+
of the Debt.<br><br>
                                          of the Debt.<br><br>
+
 
                                            
 
                                            
                                                        ARTICLE 252.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 252.<br><br>
 
                                                          
 
                                                          
                                                              Any of the States which under the present Treaty are to contribute to the annual charge for the service of the Ottoman
+
Any of the States which under the present Treaty are to contribute to the annual charge for the service of the Ottoman
                                          Public Debt may, upon giving six months' notice to the Council
+
Public Debt may, upon giving six months' notice to the Council
      of the Debt, redeem such obligation by payment of a sum representing the value of such annuity capitalised at such rate of
+
of the Debt, redeem such obligation by payment of a sum representing the value of such annuity capitalised at such rate of
                                          interest as may be agreed between the State concerned and the
+
interest as may be agreed between the State concerned and the
                                          Council of the Debt. The Council of the Debt shall not have
+
Council of the Debt. The Council of the Debt shall not have
                                          power to require such redemption.<br><br>
+
power to require such redemption.<br><br>
 
                                            
 
                                            
                                                        ARTICLE 253.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 253.<br><br>
 
                                                          
 
                                                          
                                                              The sums in gold to be transferred by Germany and Austria
+
The sums in gold to be transferred by Germany and Austria
                                          under the provisions of Article 259 (1), (2), (4) and (7) of the
+
under the provisions of Article 259 (1), (2), (4) and (7) of the
                                          Treaty of Peace with Germany, and under Article 210 (1) of the
+
Treaty of Peace with Germany, and under Article 210 (1) of the
                                          Treaty of Peace with Austria, shall be placed at the disposal of
+
Treaty of Peace with Austria, shall be placed at the disposal of
                                          the Financial Commission.<br><br>
+
the Financial Commission.<br><br>
 
                                            
 
                                            
                                                        ARTICLE 254.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 254.<br><br>
 
                                                          
 
                                                          
                                                              The sums to be transferred by Germany in accordance with
+
The sums to be transferred by Germany in accordance with
                                          Article 259 (3) of the Treaty of Peace with Germany shall be
+
Article 259 (3) of the Treaty of Peace with Germany shall be
                                          placed forthwith at the disposal of the Council of the Debt.<br><br>
+
placed forthwith at the disposal of the Council of the Debt.<br><br>
 
                                            
 
                                            
                                                        ARTICLE 255.<br><br>
+
ARTICLE 255.<br><br>
 
                                                          
 
                                                          
                                                              The Turkish Government undertakes to accept any decision