Difference between revisions of "The Great War Diaries - 1915 (5th Seaforths)"

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<div class=Section1>
 
<div class=Section1>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b><span style='font-size:36.0pt'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></b></p>
+
<center><b><span style='font-size:36.0pt'><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></b>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b><span style='font-size:36.0pt'>The
+
<center><b><span style='font-size:36.0pt'>The
Great War diaries of<o:p></o:p></span></b></p>
+
Great War diaries of</b>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b><span style='font-size:36.0pt'>John
+
<center><b><span style='font-size:36.0pt'>John
Bruce Cairnie<o:p></o:p></span></b></p>
+
Bruce Cairnie</b>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b><span style='font-size:24.0pt'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></b></p>
+
<center><b><span style='font-size:24.0pt'>&nbsp;</b>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b><span style='font-size:24.0pt'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></b></p>
+
<center><b><span style='font-size:24.0pt'>&nbsp;</b>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b><span style='font-size:24.0pt'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></b></p>
+
<center><b><span style='font-size:24.0pt'>&nbsp;</b>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b><span style='font-size:24.0pt'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></b></p>
+
<center><b><span style='font-size:24.0pt'>&nbsp;</b>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b><span style='font-size:24.0pt;
+
<center><b><span style='font-size:24.0pt;
font-family:Wingdings'>z</span></b><b><span style='font-size:24.0pt'> 1915 </span></b><b><span
+
font-family:Wingdings'>z</b><b><span style='font-size:24.0pt'> 1915 </b><b><span
style='font-size:24.0pt;font-family:Wingdings'>z</span></b><b><span
+
style='font-size:24.0pt;font-family:Wingdings'>z</b><b><span
style='font-size:24.0pt'><o:p></o:p></span></b></p>
+
style='font-size:24.0pt'></b>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'>&nbsp;</p>
+
<center>&nbsp;
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'>&nbsp;</p>
+
<center>&nbsp;
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'>&nbsp;</p>
+
<center>&nbsp;
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'>&nbsp;</p>
+
<center>&nbsp;
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'>&nbsp;&nbsp;</p>
+
<center>&nbsp;&nbsp;
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'>&nbsp;</p>
+
<center>&nbsp;
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'>&nbsp;</p>
+
<center>&nbsp;
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'>&nbsp;</p>
+
<center>&nbsp;
  
<br><br><b><span style='font-size:24.0pt'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></b></p>
+
<br><br><b><span style='font-size:24.0pt'>&nbsp;</b>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b><span style='font-size:24.0pt;
+
<center><b><span style='font-size:24.0pt;
font-family:Wingdings'>Ë</span></b><b><span style='font-size:24.0pt'> 1915 </span></b><b><span
+
font-family:Wingdings'>Ë</b><b><span style='font-size:24.0pt'> 1915 </b><b><span
style='font-size:24.0pt;font-family:Wingdings'>Ë</span></b><b><span
+
style='font-size:24.0pt;font-family:Wingdings'>Ë</b><b><span
style='font-size:24.0pt'><o:p></o:p></span></b></p>
+
style='font-size:24.0pt'></b>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b><span style='font-size:18.0pt'>transcribed
+
<center><b><span style='font-size:18.0pt'>transcribed
and annotated by James Bruce<o:p></o:p></span></b></p>
+
and annotated by James Bruce</b>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b><span style='font-size:18.0pt'>correspondence
+
<center><b><span style='font-size:18.0pt'>correspondence
to Alan Cairnie [cairnie@cogeco.ca]<o:p></o:p></span></b></p>
+
to Alan Cairnie [cairnie@cogeco.ca]</b>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b><u>BIOGRAPHY<o:p></o:p></u></b></p>
+
<center><b><u>BIOGRAPHY</u></b>
  
 
<br><br>John Bruce Cairnie was born on 22<sup>nd</sup>. September 1889 in Thurso<span
 
<br><br>John Bruce Cairnie was born on 22<sup>nd</sup>. September 1889 in Thurso<span
style='font-size:10.0pt'>,</span> <st1:place>Caithness</st1:place>, the third
+
style='font-size:10.0pt'>, <st1:place>Caithness</st1:place>, the third
 
son of David Dandie Cairnie, a chemist in the town, and Mary Wilson Bruce. He
 
son of David Dandie Cairnie, a chemist in the town, and Mary Wilson Bruce. He
 
attended the Miller Institute in Thurso and <st1:place><st1:PlaceName>Edinburgh</st1:PlaceName>
 
attended the Miller Institute in Thurso and <st1:place><st1:PlaceName>Edinburgh</st1:PlaceName>
 
  <st1:PlaceType>University</st1:PlaceType></st1:place>, where he graduated M.A.
 
  <st1:PlaceType>University</st1:PlaceType></st1:place>, where he graduated M.A.
 
in 1911 and B.Sc. in 1912. His interests were in Botany and Geology. He then
 
in 1911 and B.Sc. in 1912. His interests were in Botany and Geology. He then
attended teachers&#8217; college. </p>
+
attended teachers&#8217; college.  
  
 
<br><br>His diary for 1916 will follow in due course.<span style='font-size:10.0pt'>
 
<br><br>His diary for 1916 will follow in due course.<span style='font-size:10.0pt'>
</span>In October 1917 he sailed to join the 3/4<sup>th</sup> King&#8217;s
+
In October 1917 he sailed to join the 3/4<sup>th</sup> King&#8217;s
 
African Rifles with the rank of lieutenant. He kept a diary from that time
 
African Rifles with the rank of lieutenant. He kept a diary from that time
 
until January 1919 when he sailed for home. This diary will also be transcribed
 
until January 1919 when he sailed for home. This diary will also be transcribed
soon<span style='font-size:10.0pt'>.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
+
soon<span style='font-size:10.0pt'>.
  
 
<br><br>In September 1919 he started his teaching career in Golspie and in October
 
<br><br>In September 1919 he started his teaching career in Golspie and in October
 
1921 moved south to <st1:place><st1:PlaceName>Ayr</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceType>Academy</st1:PlaceType></st1:place>.
 
1921 moved south to <st1:place><st1:PlaceName>Ayr</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceType>Academy</st1:PlaceType></st1:place>.
 
He later moved to <st1:place><st1:PlaceName>Cumnock</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceType><span
 
He later moved to <st1:place><st1:PlaceName>Cumnock</st1:PlaceName> <st1:PlaceType><span
   style='font-size:10.0pt'>A</span>cademy</st1:PlaceType></st1:place> where he
+
   style='font-size:10.0pt'>Academy</st1:PlaceType></st1:place> where he
 
completed his career, retiring in 1953. During his time in Ayrshire he maintained
 
completed his career, retiring in 1953. During his time in Ayrshire he maintained
 
his interest in Thurso by keeping in touch with family and friends and visiting
 
his interest in Thurso by keeping in touch with family and friends and visiting
 
in the summer. He kept in contact with his comrades in the 5<sup>th</sup>
 
in the summer. He kept in contact with his comrades in the 5<sup>th</sup>
 
Seaforths by attending the reunions. He died in 1977, and his pawky sense of
 
Seaforths by attending the reunions. He died in 1977, and his pawky sense of
humour, and warmth of nature are missed by family and all who knew him..</p>
+
humour, and warmth of nature are missed by family and all who knew him..
  
<br><br>In 1930 he <span style='font-size:10.0pt'>had </span>married Isabella Moodie
+
<br><br>In 1930 he <span style='font-size:10.0pt'>had married Isabella Moodie
 
and they had a son Alan Bruce Cairnie who moved to <st1:country-region><st1:place>Canada</st1:place></st1:country-region>
 
and they had a son Alan Bruce Cairnie who moved to <st1:country-region><st1:place>Canada</st1:place></st1:country-region>
 
in 1967. Two of John Bruce&#8217;s great-grandsons wrote in 2003, as part of a
 
in 1967. Two of John Bruce&#8217;s great-grandsons wrote in 2003, as part of a
Royal Canadian Legion competition, the following compositions: </p>
+
Royal Canadian Legion competition, the following compositions:  
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>&quot;What
+
<center><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>&quot;What
Remembrance Day Means to Me&quot;<o:p></o:p></span></p>
+
Remembrance Day Means to Me&quot;
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'>by Angus Cairnie, aged 12.</p>
+
<center>by Angus Cairnie, aged 12.
  
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>The order comes
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>The order comes
from the generals;<o:p></o:p></span></p>
+
from the generals;
  
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>The tanks halt, the
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>The tanks halt, the
only sound is from the gulls. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
+
only sound is from the gulls.  
  
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>The shells stop,
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>The shells stop,
the guns are stilled,<o:p></o:p></span></p>
+
the guns are stilled,
  
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>The bombs stop blasting,
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>The bombs stop blasting,
people remember those killed.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
+
people remember those killed.
  
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>Memories come,
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>Memories come,
unstoppable as a flood,<o:p></o:p></span></p>
+
unstoppable as a flood,
  
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>Weep, weep and free
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>Weep, weep and free
the earth of blood,<o:p></o:p></span></p>
+
the earth of blood,
  
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>Tears flow, wash
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>Tears flow, wash
away the sadness.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
+
away the sadness.
  
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>Thousands died to
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>Thousands died to
clean the world of badness.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
+
clean the world of badness.
  
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>War is the knife,
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>War is the knife,
blood is the lives and peace the tourniquet,<o:p></o:p></span></p>
+
blood is the lives and peace the tourniquet,
  
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>Remember, never
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>Remember, never
forget and feel the pain as battle lines met.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
+
forget and feel the pain as battle lines met.
  
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>Love peace and
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>Love peace and
never let this happen again,<o:p></o:p></span></p>
+
never let this happen again,
  
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>Restrain your anger
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>Restrain your anger
and don&#8217;t unleash again this pain.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
+
and don&#8217;t unleash again this pain.
  
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>Stop the artillery,
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>Stop the artillery,
silence the guns.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
+
silence the guns.
  
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>No need anymore to
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>No need anymore to
slay the Huns.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
+
slay the Huns.
  
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>Call back the tanks,
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>Call back the tanks,
land the planes,<o:p></o:p></span></p>
+
land the planes,
  
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>Time to stop the
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>Time to stop the
advance across the plains.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
+
advance across the plains.
  
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>We&#8217;ve stopped
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>We&#8217;ve stopped
the holocaust,<o:p></o:p></span></p>
+
the holocaust,
  
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>The massive total
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>The massive total
human cost.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
+
human cost.
  
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>The time to mourn
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>The time to mourn
now is best,<o:p></o:p></span></p>
+
now is best,
  
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>More death than we
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>More death than we
could have guessed.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
+
could have guessed.
  
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>So today is the day
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>So today is the day
that we remember.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
+
that we remember.
  
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>Because war can be
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>Because war can be
a glowing ember,<o:p></o:p></span></p>
+
a glowing ember,
  
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>At the thought of
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>At the thought of
war we stand aghast,<o:p></o:p></span></p>
+
war we stand aghast,
  
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>And Remembrance Day
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>And Remembrance Day
will always last. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
+
will always last.  
  
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>********************************
 
<p style='margin-left:2.0in'><span style='font-size:10.0pt'>********************************
<o:p></o:p></span></p>
 
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>&quot;Remembrance
 
Day Essay&quot;<o:p></o:p></span></p>
 
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>by </span>Malcolm
+
<center><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>&quot;Remembrance
Cairnie, aged 11</p>
+
Day Essay&quot;
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>A class is sitting in an
+
<center><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>by Malcolm
 +
Cairnie, aged 11
 +
 
 +
<br><br>            A class is sitting in an
 
assembly for Remembrance Day. One kid whispers to another, &quot; What&#8217;s
 
assembly for Remembrance Day. One kid whispers to another, &quot; What&#8217;s
 
this Remembrance Day thing about, anyway?&quot; The other kid replies, &quot; I
 
this Remembrance Day thing about, anyway?&quot; The other kid replies, &quot; I
think it&#8217;s something for dead soldiers or something.&quot;</p>
+
think it&#8217;s something for dead soldiers or something.&quot;
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>True. But that isn&#8217;t
+
<br><br>            True. But that isn&#8217;t
 
the half of it. Remembrance Day is a time to remember the brave men in World
 
the half of it. Remembrance Day is a time to remember the brave men in World
 
War I and World War II who died fighting against evil and tyranny. Veterans
 
War I and World War II who died fighting against evil and tyranny. Veterans
Line 300: Line 300:
 
take away the terrible reality of millions of deaths on both sides, and war is
 
take away the terrible reality of millions of deaths on both sides, and war is
 
equally horrible no matter who wins. Some questions the little kid in the first
 
equally horrible no matter who wins. Some questions the little kid in the first
paragraph might ask are:</p>
+
paragraph might ask are:
  
<br><br>Why do we wear a poppy?</p>
+
<br><br>Why do we wear a poppy?
  
 
<br><br>We wear a poppy to honor dead soldiers. Poppies grew on many men&#8217;s
 
<br><br>We wear a poppy to honor dead soldiers. Poppies grew on many men&#8217;s
graves so it was adopted as a Remembrance Day symbol.</p>
+
graves so it was adopted as a Remembrance Day symbol.
  
<br><br>Why do we have a moment of silence?</p>
+
<br><br>Why do we have a moment of silence?
  
 
<br><br>On November 11<sup>th</sup> the peace treaty for World War I was signed. The
 
<br><br>On November 11<sup>th</sup> the peace treaty for World War I was signed. The
 
minute the order &#8216;Cease fire&#8217; was given, a silence fell over all.
 
minute the order &#8216;Cease fire&#8217; was given, a silence fell over all.
Today we use these two minutes to think about peace.</p>
+
Today we use these two minutes to think about peace.
  
<br><br>Why did these men go to war?</p>
+
<br><br>Why did these men go to war?
  
 
<br><br>There were various reasons. Some went for the salary. Others went for the
 
<br><br>There were various reasons. Some went for the salary. Others went for the
 
adventure and excitement. Then some went to be with family and friends. Many
 
adventure and excitement. Then some went to be with family and friends. Many
 
went to fight for their country and freedom. Whatever the reason, we can be
 
went to fight for their country and freedom. Whatever the reason, we can be
sure there are more dead soldiers than veterans. </p>
+
sure there are more dead soldiers than veterans.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>War is a gruesome prospect,
+
<br><br>            War is a gruesome prospect,
 
and we must always try to find a better way. Most minor conflicts can be
 
and we must always try to find a better way. Most minor conflicts can be
 
settled by negotiations, but sometimes war is necessary. Whatever any soldier
 
settled by negotiations, but sometimes war is necessary. Whatever any soldier
does, he or she must only fight for freedom and justice.</p>
+
does, he or she must only fight for freedom and justice.
  
 
<br><br>So before you go rampaging off to battle, think. Is there anything else we
 
<br><br>So before you go rampaging off to battle, think. Is there anything else we
 
can do to help? Do we have to kill? There is almost always a solution other
 
can do to help? Do we have to kill? There is almost always a solution other
than violence, and it is up to us to find it.</p>
+
than violence, and it is up to us to find it.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>IN
+
<center><b><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>IN
THE RANKS<o:p></o:p></span></u></b></p>
+
THE RANKS</u></b>
  
 
<br><br><i>The origins of the 5<sup>th</sup> Seaforths lay in the Sutherland
 
<br><br><i>The origins of the 5<sup>th</sup> Seaforths lay in the Sutherland
Line 337: Line 337:
 
inspired by fears of French invasion. In 1908 the old volunteer force became
 
inspired by fears of French invasion. In 1908 the old volunteer force became
 
the Territorial Force and the SHRV became the 5<sup>th</sup> (Sutherland and
 
the Territorial Force and the SHRV became the 5<sup>th</sup> (Sutherland and
Caithness Highland) Battalion, The Seaforth Highlanders, TF.<o:p></o:p></i></p>
+
Caithness Highland) Battalion, The Seaforth Highlanders, TF.</i>
  
 
<br><br><i>They were mobilised on 4 Aug 14 and together with the 4<sup>th</sup> (</i><st1:place><st1:PlaceName><i>Ross</i></st1:PlaceName><i>
 
<br><br><i>They were mobilised on 4 Aug 14 and together with the 4<sup>th</sup> (</i><st1:place><st1:PlaceName><i>Ross</i></st1:PlaceName><i>
Line 343: Line 343:
 
(Moray) Battalions, Seaforth Highlanders and the 4<sup>th</sup> </i><st1:place><i>Queens</i></st1:place><i>
 
(Moray) Battalions, Seaforth Highlanders and the 4<sup>th</sup> </i><st1:place><i>Queens</i></st1:place><i>
 
Own Cameron Highlanders, from Inverness-shire, they formed the Seaforth and Cameron
 
Own Cameron Highlanders, from Inverness-shire, they formed the Seaforth and Cameron
Brigade of the </i><st1:place><i>Highland</i></st1:place><i> Division.<o:p></o:p></i></p>
+
Brigade of the </i><st1:place><i>Highland</i></st1:place><i> Division.</i>
  
 
<br><br><i>After a couple of weeks spent improving coastal defences at Cromarty
 
<br><br><i>After a couple of weeks spent improving coastal defences at Cromarty
 
(which protected the naval base at Invergordon) the brigade moved with the rest
 
(which protected the naval base at Invergordon) the brigade moved with the rest
 
of the division to </i><st1:City><st1:place><i>Bedford</i></st1:place></st1:City><i>,
 
of the division to </i><st1:City><st1:place><i>Bedford</i></st1:place></st1:City><i>,
where they were billeted in private houses.<o:p></o:p></i></p>
+
where they were billeted in private houses.</i>
  
 
<br><br><i>The commitment made by TF soldiers pre-war was to serve for home defence
 
<br><br><i>The commitment made by TF soldiers pre-war was to serve for home defence
 
only. On the outbreak of war most men made the additional commitment to serve
 
only. On the outbreak of war most men made the additional commitment to serve
 
overseas although some, for various reasons (age, business or family
 
overseas although some, for various reasons (age, business or family
commitments, etc.), chose not to.<o:p></o:p></i></p>
+
commitments, etc.), chose not to.</i>
  
 
<br><br><i>In Sep 15 a second battalion of the 5<sup>th</sup> Seaforths was formed,
 
<br><br><i>In Sep 15 a second battalion of the 5<sup>th</sup> Seaforths was formed,
Line 360: Line 360:
 
battalion - 2/5 Seaforth - at Golspie consisted of men who had not signed the
 
battalion - 2/5 Seaforth - at Golspie consisted of men who had not signed the
 
overseas commitment, were not fit for overseas service and recruits surplus to
 
overseas commitment, were not fit for overseas service and recruits surplus to
the requirements of the first line battalion.<o:p></o:p></i></p>
+
the requirements of the first line battalion.</i>
  
 
<br><br><i>It had always been expected that the TF would require 6 months training
 
<br><br><i>It had always been expected that the TF would require 6 months training
 
before being fit for overseas operations. In fact, 1/4 Seaforth went overseas
 
before being fit for overseas operations. In fact, 1/4 Seaforth went overseas
 
in Nov 14 and 1/4 Camerons in Feb 15, being replaced in the brigade by 1/6 and
 
in Nov 14 and 1/4 Camerons in Feb 15, being replaced in the brigade by 1/6 and
1/8 Argyll &amp; Sutherland Highlanders.<o:p></o:p></i></p>
+
1/8 Argyll &amp; Sutherland Highlanders.</i>
  
 
<br><br><i>TF infantry battalions were, at the outbreak of war, still organised in
 
<br><br><i>TF infantry battalions were, at the outbreak of war, still organised in
 
eight companies - an organisation little changed from Napoleonic times. Regular
 
eight companies - an organisation little changed from Napoleonic times. Regular
battalions had adopted a four company organisation in 1913.<o:p></o:p></i></p>
+
battalions had adopted a four company organisation in 1913.</i>
  
 
<br><br><i>Judging by his regimental number (3471) John Bruce Cairnie enlisted in
 
<br><br><i>Judging by his regimental number (3471) John Bruce Cairnie enlisted in
Line 377: Line 377:
 
pre-war Thurso company) as a Lance Sergeant - this was appointment not a rank. His
 
pre-war Thurso company) as a Lance Sergeant - this was appointment not a rank. His
 
actual rank was Corporal; a Lance appointment was usually a prelude to further
 
actual rank was Corporal; a Lance appointment was usually a prelude to further
promotion.<o:p></o:p></i></p>
+
promotion.</i>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>JANUARY
+
<center><b><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>JANUARY
1915<o:p></o:p></span></b></p>
+
1915</b>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>19 Jan 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>19 Jan 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Company
+
<br><br>            Company
 
drill from <st1:time Minute="30" Hour="9">9:30</st1:time> to <st1:time
 
drill from <st1:time Minute="30" Hour="9">9:30</st1:time> to <st1:time
 
Minute="0" Hour="13">1 p.m.</st1:time> It would get rather feding up if we had
 
Minute="0" Hour="13">1 p.m.</st1:time> It would get rather feding up if we had
 
much of it. An hour of 'cross-tig' relieved the monotony. In the afternoon,
 
much of it. An hour of 'cross-tig' relieved the monotony. In the afternoon,
 
bayonet fighting for NCOs, and then a lecture by Sergt-Major. Very busy all
 
bayonet fighting for NCOs, and then a lecture by Sergt-Major. Very busy all
evening and got up to orderly room by <st1:time Hour="11" Minute="30">11:30</st1:time>.</p>
+
evening and got up to orderly room by <st1:time Hour="11" Minute="30">11:30</st1:time>.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>20 Jan 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>20 Jan 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Wakened
+
<br><br>            Wakened
 
by reveille. Mac lazy as he hadn't been in bed till 2:30 a.m. Route march to
 
by reveille. Mac lazy as he hadn't been in bed till 2:30 a.m. Route march to
 
Turvey, somehow I felt less fit than usual. The company marched well going out,
 
Turvey, somehow I felt less fit than usual. The company marched well going out,
 
but coming in when No. 1 section were leading there was no step in it. 20 men
 
but coming in when No. 1 section were leading there was no step in it. 20 men
 
on the sick-list this morning, mostly with chest-colds. No cases of measles in
 
on the sick-list this morning, mostly with chest-colds. No cases of measles in
our Company today, but one death in 'G'. </p>
+
our Company today, but one death in 'G'.  
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>The
+
<br><br>            The
 
Colonel and Maj Sinclair left for a fortnight at home tonight. Still there is
 
Colonel and Maj Sinclair left for a fortnight at home tonight. Still there is
no word of leave for us.</p>
+
no word of leave for us.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>21 Jan 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>21 Jan 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Slept
+
<br><br>            Slept
 
in this morning and had a bit of a rush. Black was orderly officer and I think
 
in this morning and had a bit of a rush. Black was orderly officer and I think
 
did ditto as I saw him passing down at 8:30 in very squalid and untidy
 
did ditto as I saw him passing down at 8:30 in very squalid and untidy
 
condition. Company drill under Joe Robertson with Ritson in the background and
 
condition. Company drill under Joe Robertson with Ritson in the background and
 
a military funeral in the neat ['over the wall' inserted above last phrase].
 
a military funeral in the neat ['over the wall' inserted above last phrase].
Quite cheerful sounds on the pipes. </p>
+
Quite cheerful sounds on the pipes.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>It rained all afternoon so
+
<br><br>            It rained all afternoon so
 
the NCOs got a lecture from Ritson and Black consisting of reading aloud
 
the NCOs got a lecture from Ritson and Black consisting of reading aloud
 
extracts from 'Notes from the Front'. Ritson seems to have a good grasp of
 
extracts from 'Notes from the Front'. Ritson seems to have a good grasp of
theory at any rate but too excitable.</p>
+
theory at any rate but too excitable.
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Margaret
+
<br><br>            Margaret
and her mother at tea.</p>
+
and her mother at tea.
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Mac
+
<br><br>            Mac
 
got his Corporal strips tonight, dating back to 12th December so he draws a big
 
got his Corporal strips tonight, dating back to 12th December so he draws a big
 
pay. He's chucking things about in the kitchen now. I am writing this in the
 
pay. He's chucking things about in the kitchen now. I am writing this in the
lavvy as Jimmie was in our house in one of his frequent states of fed-up-ness.</p>
+
lavvy as Jimmie was in our house in one of his frequent states of fed-up-ness.
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>One
+
<br><br>            One
death in 'A' today, and I believe 2 in 'H' yesterday.</p>
+
death in 'A' today, and I believe 2 in 'H' yesterday.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>22 Jan 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>22 Jan 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>There
+
<br><br>            There
 
was nearly a mutiny this morning when the men were told to parade with their
 
was nearly a mutiny this morning when the men were told to parade with their
 
equipment which still wringing wet on. The Adjie wouldn't give in but when half
 
equipment which still wringing wet on. The Adjie wouldn't give in but when half
 
the battalion paraded without it he had to send them back for an hour to get
 
the battalion paraded without it he had to send them back for an hour to get
 
great coats. Route-march round by Rinhold and Cleat Hill raining most of the
 
great coats. Route-march round by Rinhold and Cleat Hill raining most of the
way. I enjoyed it very much.</p>
+
way. I enjoyed it very much.
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Afternoon
+
<br><br>            Afternoon
 
pay and rations. Lecture from Sergt-Major. He thought this about wet equipment
 
pay and rations. Lecture from Sergt-Major. He thought this about wet equipment
 
- 'a damn good joke'. He insisted on punctuality on parade, which is certainly
 
- 'a damn good joke'. He insisted on punctuality on parade, which is certainly
necessary. Our men aren't smart enough yet at turning out. </p>
+
necessary. Our men aren't smart enough yet at turning out.  
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Mac
+
<br><br>            Mac
 
sleeping up in Orderly Room tonight as he got a little slap last night because
 
sleeping up in Orderly Room tonight as he got a little slap last night because
 
Gwyneth had a bad throat - mostly sham I'm thinking. She was alright today and
 
Gwyneth had a bad throat - mostly sham I'm thinking. She was alright today and
Pitman was in her room till after <st1:time Hour="22" Minute="30">10:30 p.m.</st1:time></p>
+
Pitman was in her room till after <st1:time Hour="22" Minute="30">10:30 p.m.</st1:time>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>&nbsp;</b>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>24 Jan 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>24 Jan 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Went
+
<br><br>            Went
 
to <st1:City><st1:place>St Paul</st1:place></st1:City>'s Church and <st1:place><st1:PlaceName>English</st1:PlaceName>
 
to <st1:City><st1:place>St Paul</st1:place></st1:City>'s Church and <st1:place><st1:PlaceName>English</st1:PlaceName>
 
  <st1:PlaceType>Church</st1:PlaceType></st1:place> boys. Delighted to get my
 
  <st1:PlaceType>Church</st1:PlaceType></st1:place> boys. Delighted to get my
Line 458: Line 458:
 
Reid and met Davidson McKenzie and Miss Strang. The former isn't such a great
 
Reid and met Davidson McKenzie and Miss Strang. The former isn't such a great
 
bug as I used to think him, nor as he thinks himself. No side about the Rev
 
bug as I used to think him, nor as he thinks himself. No side about the Rev
Hubert.</p>
+
Hubert.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>25 Jan 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>25 Jan 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Tonight
+
<br><br>            Tonight
 
I was on Town-picket - the <st1:Street><st1:address>High St</st1:address></st1:Street>,
 
I was on Town-picket - the <st1:Street><st1:address>High St</st1:address></st1:Street>,
with 4 men of 'B' and had a very good time.</p>
+
with 4 men of 'B' and had a very good time.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>26 Jan 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>26 Jan 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Platoon
+
<br><br>            Platoon
 
drill and bayonet fighting this morning with pack and ammunition. Two of 'C'
 
drill and bayonet fighting this morning with pack and ammunition. Two of 'C'
 
Company with about 20 others left this afternoon with ammunition and blankets
 
Company with about 20 others left this afternoon with ammunition and blankets
 
for unknown destination. Everybody much excited and much speculation as to
 
for unknown destination. Everybody much excited and much speculation as to
 
where they are going to and what it may mean for the battalion. Rumours of <st1:place><st1:PlaceName>Edinburgh</st1:PlaceName>
 
where they are going to and what it may mean for the battalion. Rumours of <st1:place><st1:PlaceName>Edinburgh</st1:PlaceName>
  <st1:PlaceType>Castle</st1:PlaceType></st1:place> or <st1:place>Inverness</st1:place>.</p>
+
  <st1:PlaceType>Castle</st1:PlaceType></st1:place> or <st1:place>Inverness</st1:place>.
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>After
+
<br><br>            After
 
afternoon parade I found myself and 2 of 'C' detailed to go on similar duty.
 
afternoon parade I found myself and 2 of 'C' detailed to go on similar duty.
 
Russell was picked and Jim Matheson. We paraded in 15 minutes, expecting great
 
Russell was picked and Jim Matheson. We paraded in 15 minutes, expecting great
Line 481: Line 481:
 
crossroads with orders to stop all cars and take number, etc. This result of
 
crossroads with orders to stop all cars and take number, etc. This result of
 
last Zeppelin raid as the airships are thought to have been guided by cars with
 
last Zeppelin raid as the airships are thought to have been guided by cars with
powerful headlights. </p>
+
powerful headlights.  
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>We
+
<br><br>            We
 
barricaded the road with carts and took turns - 2hours on and 4 hours off. Not
 
barricaded the road with carts and took turns - 2hours on and 4 hours off. Not
 
very exciting and very cold, but more exciting than platoon drill. My first
 
very exciting and very cold, but more exciting than platoon drill. My first
 
experience at sleeping out and none too pleasant, but I think it wouldn't kill
 
experience at sleeping out and none too pleasant, but I think it wouldn't kill
me.</p>
+
me.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>27 Jan 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>27 Jan 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>The
+
<br><br>            The
Kaiser's Birthday - bless 'im!</p>
+
Kaiser's Birthday - bless 'im!
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Got
+
<br><br>            Got
 
into <st1:City><st1:place>Bedford</st1:place></st1:City> at <st1:time Minute="0"
 
into <st1:City><st1:place>Bedford</st1:place></st1:City> at <st1:time Minute="0"
 
Hour="9">9 a.m.</st1:time> after rather a smart walk. Slept from 10 to 12 and
 
Hour="9">9 a.m.</st1:time> after rather a smart walk. Slept from 10 to 12 and
Line 500: Line 500:
 
didn't tell him where we were, but he had a pretty good ideal all the same. Our
 
didn't tell him where we were, but he had a pretty good ideal all the same. Our
 
officers say they heard an airship of some sort over <st1:City><st1:place>Bedford</st1:place></st1:City>
 
officers say they heard an airship of some sort over <st1:City><st1:place>Bedford</st1:place></st1:City>
last night but nobody seems to have seen it. </p>
+
last night but nobody seems to have seen it.  
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>We
+
<br><br>            We
 
got out to Cardington at <st1:time Hour="16" Minute="0">4 p.m.</st1:time> and
 
got out to Cardington at <st1:time Hour="16" Minute="0">4 p.m.</st1:time> and
 
took up our quarters this time at the Pub - The Anchor Inn. It is a very cold
 
took up our quarters this time at the Pub - The Anchor Inn. It is a very cold
 
night and like snow, but Pitman got tea for us here and if it wasn't for the
 
night and like snow, but Pitman got tea for us here and if it wasn't for the
 
skittles we might have a very good time. Tonight we got order to turn back
 
skittles we might have a very good time. Tonight we got order to turn back
every motor car or m. bike, so things are soon interesting.</p>
+
every motor car or m. bike, so things are soon interesting.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>28 Jan 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>28 Jan 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>We
+
<br><br>            We
 
took up our positions again at <st1:time Hour="16" Minute="30">4:30</st1:time>.
 
took up our positions again at <st1:time Hour="16" Minute="30">4:30</st1:time>.
 
I had from 6 to 8 and 12 to 2. A fine night, coldish but dry. The time passed
 
I had from 6 to 8 and 12 to 2. A fine night, coldish but dry. The time passed
Line 517: Line 517:
 
nerves with his songs or rather his song. He has improved though with the
 
nerves with his songs or rather his song. He has improved though with the
 
change of work and under strenuous conditions might be a keen man. Pitman had
 
change of work and under strenuous conditions might be a keen man. Pitman had
to sleep by the roadside as he was the only one who knew the password. </p>
+
to sleep by the roadside as he was the only one who knew the password.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>No cars were to be turned
+
<br><br>            No cars were to be turned
 
back, except officers who hadn't the password. Very little doing - they seem to
 
back, except officers who hadn't the password. Very little doing - they seem to
be avoiding the place.</p>
+
be avoiding the place.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>29 Jan 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>29 Jan 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Got
+
<br><br>            Got
 
in to <st1:City><st1:place>Bedford</st1:place></st1:City> at <st1:time Hour="8"
 
in to <st1:City><st1:place>Bedford</st1:place></st1:City> at <st1:time Hour="8"
 
Minute="30">8:30</st1:time> and as we got word that our special duty is now at
 
Minute="30">8:30</st1:time> and as we got word that our special duty is now at
 
an end we had a free day. I was down town in the morning and again on special
 
an end we had a free day. I was down town in the morning and again on special
 
pass at night. Went to 'Grumpy' which was very good. The best thing I have seen
 
pass at night. Went to 'Grumpy' which was very good. The best thing I have seen
here so far.</p>
+
here so far.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>30 Jan 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>30 Jan 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>I
+
<br><br>            I
 
was helping <st1:place>W. Ritson</st1:place> today with the billets as his
 
was helping <st1:place>W. Ritson</st1:place> today with the billets as his
 
clerk is on leave. I shouldn't care for his job, or his clerk's either. R. can
 
clerk is on leave. I shouldn't care for his job, or his clerk's either. R. can
 
be very disagreeable when he wants. In the afternoon I played soccer for 'E' v
 
be very disagreeable when he wants. In the afternoon I played soccer for 'E' v
 
'G'. We beat them 8-1. It wasn't a great match but I was delighted to be
 
'G'. We beat them 8-1. It wasn't a great match but I was delighted to be
playing football once again. I think I must be as fit now as ever I was.</p>
+
playing football once again. I think I must be as fit now as ever I was.
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Today
+
<br><br>            Today
 
the new double company system was inaugurated and henceforth we form, along
 
the new double company system was inaugurated and henceforth we form, along
 
with 'F', the new 'C'. We are all sorry to bid goodbye to the old state of
 
with 'F', the new 'C'. We are all sorry to bid goodbye to the old state of
 
affairs, which seemed to work very well, and in which we were all very happy.
 
affairs, which seemed to work very well, and in which we were all very happy.
 
We aren't keen on 'F' as they are a pretty rough and coarse crowd, but no doubt
 
We aren't keen on 'F' as they are a pretty rough and coarse crowd, but no doubt
will improve on acquaintance.</p>
+
will improve on acquaintance.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>31 Jan 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>31 Jan 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>I
+
<br><br>            I
 
had made up my mind to get a lot of letters written today, but only managed
 
had made up my mind to get a lot of letters written today, but only managed
 
three. Church Parade in the morning and we got a good sermon from the Cameron
 
three. Church Parade in the morning and we got a good sermon from the Cameron
 
chaplain. He always makes an impression and rivets the attention of the men:
 
chaplain. He always makes an impression and rivets the attention of the men:
 
reminds me in voice and manner of Daniel S Calderwood. In the evening I went to
 
reminds me in voice and manner of Daniel S Calderwood. In the evening I went to
Corn Exchange Concert but was asleep most of the time.</p>
+
Corn Exchange Concert but was asleep most of the time.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>FEBRUARY
+
<center><b><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>FEBRUARY
1915<o:p></o:p></span></b></p>
+
1915</b>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>01 Feb 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>01 Feb 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Paraded
+
<br><br>            Paraded
 
under company arrangements - company drill and physical exercises in the
 
under company arrangements - company drill and physical exercises in the
 
forenoon and musketry in afternoon. I find I have forgotten most of the
 
forenoon and musketry in afternoon. I find I have forgotten most of the
 
musketry and expect that most of the NCOs are in the same box. I put Davidson
 
musketry and expect that most of the NCOs are in the same box. I put Davidson
onto my squad - he was a musketry instructor. </p>
+
onto my squad - he was a musketry instructor.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Ian and I went and had out
+
<br><br>            Ian and I went and had out
 
photographs taken again and I hope they will be more successful than the last.
 
photographs taken again and I hope they will be more successful than the last.
 
We went to 'Brewster's Millions' with Mrs. Platts. Mac is living up to, if not
 
We went to 'Brewster's Millions' with Mrs. Platts. Mac is living up to, if not
 
beyond his pay - a very bad habit. His late hours must tell him sooner or later
 
beyond his pay - a very bad habit. His late hours must tell him sooner or later
and if he doesn't chuck them soon I will speak to Mrs. Platts.</p>
+
and if he doesn't chuck them soon I will speak to Mrs. Platts.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>02 Feb 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>02 Feb 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Parade
+
<br><br>            Parade
 
at <st1:time Minute="45" Hour="19">7:45</st1:time>. Marched round by Wilden
 
at <st1:time Minute="45" Hour="19">7:45</st1:time>. Marched round by Wilden
 
Shrubbery and Sevick End with ammunition 120 rounds. Pace very hot and
 
Shrubbery and Sevick End with ammunition 120 rounds. Pace very hot and
Line 582: Line 582:
 
past Sir Ian Hamilton at Goldington Green. We marched past very well and I hope
 
past Sir Ian Hamilton at Goldington Green. We marched past very well and I hope
 
made a good impression. Kept a perfect step from Goldington to <st1:Street><st1:address>Clarendon
 
made a good impression. Kept a perfect step from Goldington to <st1:Street><st1:address>Clarendon
   St</st1:address></st1:Street>. </p>
+
   St</st1:address></st1:Street>.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Soccer match between 'C'
+
<br><br>            Soccer match between 'C'
 
and 'D' ended 3 all although we had the best of the game. Got a little writing
 
and 'D' ended 3 all although we had the best of the game. Got a little writing
done tonight but still have heaps to do.</p>
+
done tonight but still have heaps to do.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>03 Feb 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>03 Feb 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Parade
+
<br><br>            Parade
 
at <st1:time Minute="45" Hour="8">8:45</st1:time>, for a concentration route
 
at <st1:time Minute="45" Hour="8">8:45</st1:time>, for a concentration route
 
march to Sevick Farm. Our company went by Goldington and Water-end. The
 
march to Sevick Farm. Our company went by Goldington and Water-end. The
Line 596: Line 596:
 
some extended order work. No. 1 platoon was in reserve, under George Forbes and
 
some extended order work. No. 1 platoon was in reserve, under George Forbes and
 
got wiped out by being too far up and coming under fire in artillery formation.
 
got wiped out by being too far up and coming under fire in artillery formation.
I don't think that my section, of 8 men, would have suffered so severely. </p>
+
I don't think that my section, of 8 men, would have suffered so severely.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>In the evening we were at
+
<br><br>            In the evening we were at
 
Dr. Bell's for dinner and progressive whist. A lovely house and very hospitable
 
Dr. Bell's for dinner and progressive whist. A lovely house and very hospitable
 
people; especially as they had never seen a lot of us before. There were 20 of
 
people; especially as they had never seen a lot of us before. There were 20 of
 
us, mostly Englishmen. Bailey and Mac sang. One of the 4th home from the front
 
us, mostly Englishmen. Bailey and Mac sang. One of the 4th home from the front
was there. He's not keen on going back.</p>
+
was there. He's not keen on going back.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>04 Feb 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>04 Feb 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Today
+
<br><br>            Today
 
I was helping Ritson to pay the billets. This is rather monotonous work, only
 
I was helping Ritson to pay the billets. This is rather monotonous work, only
 
Ritson's arithmetic is occasionally diverting. What neat, clean house most of
 
Ritson's arithmetic is occasionally diverting. What neat, clean house most of
 
the people keep - 'We're poor but we like to be tidy and comfortable&quot;. R.
 
the people keep - 'We're poor but we like to be tidy and comfortable&quot;. R.
 
was in better tune today. Mac, Addie and Jim digging drains all day at <st1:place><st1:PlaceName>Harrowden</st1:PlaceName>
 
was in better tune today. Mac, Addie and Jim digging drains all day at <st1:place><st1:PlaceName>Harrowden</st1:PlaceName>
  <st1:PlaceType>Range</st1:PlaceType></st1:place>, came back dead tired. </p>
+
  <st1:PlaceType>Range</st1:PlaceType></st1:place>, came back dead tired.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Jim is trying for a
+
<br><br>            Jim is trying for a
commission in one of the Reserve Battalions or more preferably the 5th. </p>
+
commission in one of the Reserve Battalions or more preferably the 5th.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>I hear Willie Torrance is
+
<br><br>            I hear Willie Torrance is
not expected to get better - pneumonia. Am very sorry for his mother. </p>
+
not expected to get better - pneumonia. Am very sorry for his mother.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Got a 'permanent' pass till
+
<br><br>            Got a 'permanent' pass till
 
Tuesday from Ritson and went down town. Had an unsatisfactory evening and will
 
Tuesday from Ritson and went down town. Had an unsatisfactory evening and will
 
not waste another in the same way. Mac is for his first quarter guard tomorrow
 
not waste another in the same way. Mac is for his first quarter guard tomorrow
and I have been coaching him. Had a very cheery letter today from Louise.</p>
+
and I have been coaching him. Had a very cheery letter today from Louise.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>05 Feb 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>05 Feb 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>With
+
<br><br>            With
 
Ritson again paying the billets. He bangs into the houses in the most
 
Ritson again paying the billets. He bangs into the houses in the most
 
unceremonious fashion, but all over today he wasn't unsympathetic. It's when he
 
unceremonious fashion, but all over today he wasn't unsympathetic. It's when he
 
is crossed in the least little detail that he loses his rag: and he can't abide
 
is crossed in the least little detail that he loses his rag: and he can't abide
to be chaffed. </p>
+
to be chaffed.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Jim Miller who was more
+
<br><br>            Jim Miller who was more
 
than half tight and was in seeing Nanna, has somewhat raised my hopes of a
 
than half tight and was in seeing Nanna, has somewhat raised my hopes of a
 
commission, but I don't know I want one. I wonder whether Ritson has not an
 
commission, but I don't know I want one. I wonder whether Ritson has not an
 
inkling of it and is not trying to get the billeting job shifted onto my
 
inkling of it and is not trying to get the billeting job shifted onto my
 
shoulders. I wouldn't have it at any price. I hear there are 8 vacancies - Jim
 
shoulders. I wouldn't have it at any price. I hear there are 8 vacancies - Jim
says the Colonel has been speaking to him on the QT.</p>
+
says the Colonel has been speaking to him on the QT.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>06 Feb 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>06 Feb 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>More
+
<br><br>            More
 
billet-paying today. I thought that I was going to have the afternoon off but
 
billet-paying today. I thought that I was going to have the afternoon off but
 
Ritson was anxious to get on with the work, so we on till <st1:time Hour="16"
 
Ritson was anxious to get on with the work, so we on till <st1:time Hour="16"
Minute="0">4 p.m.</st1:time> </p>
+
Minute="0">4 p.m.</st1:time>  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Then I went down town, had
+
<br><br>            Then I went down town, had
 
tea and went to the Chums and to the Palace, enjoyed myself in a quiet way. The
 
tea and went to the Chums and to the Palace, enjoyed myself in a quiet way. The
 
Chums are getting on my nerves: they aren't a bit clever - except for Harold
 
Chums are getting on my nerves: they aren't a bit clever - except for Harold
Johnson himself. I can't make out whether he is acting a part of not.</p>
+
Johnson himself. I can't make out whether he is acting a part of not.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>07 Feb 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>07 Feb 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Church
+
<br><br>            Church
 
parade at <st1:time Hour="19" Minute="35">7:35</st1:time> and didn't move off
 
parade at <st1:time Hour="19" Minute="35">7:35</st1:time> and didn't move off
 
till <st1:time Hour="8" Minute="20">8:20</st1:time> - absurd. Sermon quite good
 
till <st1:time Hour="8" Minute="20">8:20</st1:time> - absurd. Sermon quite good
from the thin man. </p>
+
from the thin man.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Helped Ritson an hour or
+
<br><br>            Helped Ritson an hour or
two with his books and wasted the afternoon reading a novel.</p>
+
two with his books and wasted the afternoon reading a novel.
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Wrote
+
<br><br>            Wrote
 
home after tea, but didn't give them any idea that leave is starting as we may
 
home after tea, but didn't give them any idea that leave is starting as we may
 
be disappointed. Escorted Margaret home on my way to the Corn Exchange Concert.
 
be disappointed. Escorted Margaret home on my way to the Corn Exchange Concert.
I rather like her, but don't know her well enough. </p>
+
I rather like her, but don't know her well enough.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Mac and Gwyneth are
+
<br><br>            Mac and Gwyneth are
 
downstairs now singing - howling rag tunes and making hideous the Sabbath
 
downstairs now singing - howling rag tunes and making hideous the Sabbath
evening.</p>
+
evening.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>08 Feb 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>08 Feb 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Billeting
+
<br><br>            Billeting
 
again and got a good deal done in the afternoon. At three Ritson had an
 
again and got a good deal done in the afternoon. At three Ritson had an
appointment and that spoiled us. </p>
+
appointment and that spoiled us.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Went down town and examined
+
<br><br>            Went down town and examined
 
Hockliffe's secondhand bookshop: picked up one or two geological book of an
 
Hockliffe's secondhand bookshop: picked up one or two geological book of an
 
ancient order. Also A.W. Russell's &quot;World of Life&quot;. Had tea and went
 
ancient order. Also A.W. Russell's &quot;World of Life&quot;. Had tea and went
Line 683: Line 683:
 
correspondingly good form. Met Scott tonight in <st1:Street><st1:address>High
 
correspondingly good form. Met Scott tonight in <st1:Street><st1:address>High
 
   St.</st1:address></st1:Street> - of Edin. <st1:place>Battery</st1:place>.
 
   St.</st1:address></st1:Street> - of Edin. <st1:place>Battery</st1:place>.
He's a L/Cpl in the 4th Gordons.</p>
+
He's a L/Cpl in the 4th Gordons.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>09 Feb 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>09 Feb 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Blank</p>
+
<br><br>            Blank
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>10 Feb 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>10 Feb 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Mac
+
<br><br>            Mac
 
left today for seven days leave. Harcus went too. They were very cheery. Ritson
 
left today for seven days leave. Harcus went too. They were very cheery. Ritson
 
and I went down to the station and afterwards to the Empire he standing me in.
 
and I went down to the station and afterwards to the Empire he standing me in.
Not bad but rather vulgar. </p>
+
Not bad but rather vulgar.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Weighed myself at the
+
<br><br>            Weighed myself at the
 
station: found I have put on nearly a stone since coming down but that is with
 
station: found I have put on nearly a stone since coming down but that is with
the kilt instead of trousers. Am now 10st 3 lbs in uniform.</p>
+
the kilt instead of trousers. Am now 10st 3 lbs in uniform.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>11 Feb 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>11 Feb 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Billets
+
<br><br>            Billets
 
all day: am beginning to like the work, and also to be very lazy in the
 
all day: am beginning to like the work, and also to be very lazy in the
mornings.</p>
+
mornings.
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Along to Mrs. Campion's at
+
<br><br>            Along to Mrs. Campion's at
 
night and played bridge with the girls. They are quite good and I like them. I
 
night and played bridge with the girls. They are quite good and I like them. I
can't stand complicated girls.</p>
+
can't stand complicated girls.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>12 Feb 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>12 Feb 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Paid
+
<br><br>            Paid
 
the last of the billets today and another rummage with Ritson in Hockliffe's
 
the last of the billets today and another rummage with Ritson in Hockliffe's
 
old books, but didn't get anything. Worked in R's billet in the afternoon,
 
old books, but didn't get anything. Worked in R's billet in the afternoon,
arranging the forms. Had a yarn with Mrs. Mortimer. </p>
+
arranging the forms. Had a yarn with Mrs. Mortimer.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Nothing doing at night it
+
<br><br>            Nothing doing at night it
has been very cold all day, and I haven't got decently warmed up once.</p>
+
has been very cold all day, and I haven't got decently warmed up once.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>13 Feb 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>13 Feb 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>A
+
<br><br>            A
 
wet rotten day with sleet. Slimed [?] in the Orderly Room most of the morning.
 
wet rotten day with sleet. Slimed [?] in the Orderly Room most of the morning.
 
In the afternoon played Ellis at Chess and he wiped me: we are about evenly
 
In the afternoon played Ellis at Chess and he wiped me: we are about evenly
matched - he's probably a little better than me. </p>
+
matched - he's probably a little better than me.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>After tea, went to The
+
<br><br>            After tea, went to The
Chums with Ritson - he paying. Programme not bad. </p>
+
Chums with Ritson - he paying. Programme not bad.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>The Colonel interviewed a
+
<br><br>            The Colonel interviewed a
 
lot of fellows today, with a view to commissions - in this battalion. He didn't
 
lot of fellows today, with a view to commissions - in this battalion. He didn't
 
take me, which is either a very hopeful sign - or a hopeless one. I think
 
take me, which is either a very hopeful sign - or a hopeless one. I think
Ritson is trying to wangle me in for his present job, but he won't manage it.</p>
+
Ritson is trying to wangle me in for his present job, but he won't manage it.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>14 Feb 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>14 Feb 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Muggy
+
<br><br>            Muggy
 
and wet. Church parade at <st1:time Minute="45" Hour="8">8:45</st1:time>. Got a
 
and wet. Church parade at <st1:time Minute="45" Hour="8">8:45</st1:time>. Got a
 
very good sermon from the Cameron chaplain. Got a word from Willie for wearing
 
very good sermon from the Cameron chaplain. Got a word from Willie for wearing
my khaki hosetops on dress parade. Felt ratty at him. </p>
+
my khaki hosetops on dress parade. Felt ratty at him.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Wrote home; and spent
+
<br><br>            Wrote home; and spent
 
afternoon in Ritson's doing company drill with matches. He has the double
 
afternoon in Ritson's doing company drill with matches. He has the double
 
company this week as Joe R is on furlough; and he's nervous about it. Went down
 
company this week as Joe R is on furlough; and he's nervous about it. Went down
 
to Church in the evening but so late. Went to Corn Exchange Concert - quite
 
to Church in the evening but so late. Went to Corn Exchange Concert - quite
good. A fine soprano, and Blake of the Camerons.</p>
+
good. A fine soprano, and Blake of the Camerons.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>15 Feb 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>15 Feb 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Cold
+
<br><br>            Cold
 
and bright. Battalion moved off at <st1:time Hour="9" Minute="30">9:30</st1:time>
 
and bright. Battalion moved off at <st1:time Hour="9" Minute="30">9:30</st1:time>
 
and marched out about five miles towards Turvey. From there advanced
 
and marched out about five miles towards Turvey. From there advanced
Line 758: Line 758:
 
element, his language too grandiloquent. Some of the fields very soft and
 
element, his language too grandiloquent. Some of the fields very soft and
 
claggy. Marched about six miles home and arrived at <st1:time Hour="16"
 
claggy. Marched about six miles home and arrived at <st1:time Hour="16"
Minute="30">4:30</st1:time>. </p>
+
Minute="30">4:30</st1:time>.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>In orders tonight, extract
+
<br><br>            In orders tonight, extract
 
from King's Regulations which seems to say we must not shave upper lip -
 
from King's Regulations which seems to say we must not shave upper lip -
whiskers moderate if any. </p>
+
whiskers moderate if any.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Jim had a row with Gwyneth
+
<br><br>            Jim had a row with Gwyneth
and then with Nanna. How absurd we can all be.</p>
+
and then with Nanna. How absurd we can all be.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>16 Feb 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>16 Feb 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Another
+
<br><br>            Another
 
magnificent day - the sun is getting quite warm. 'C' marched out to <st1:place><st1:PlaceName>Bromham</st1:PlaceName>
 
magnificent day - the sun is getting quite warm. 'C' marched out to <st1:place><st1:PlaceName>Bromham</st1:PlaceName>
 
  <st1:PlaceType>Bridge</st1:PlaceType></st1:place> and then took up an outpost
 
  <st1:PlaceType>Bridge</st1:PlaceType></st1:place> and then took up an outpost
Line 778: Line 778:
 
than he does. No one fell out but Addie had blistered feet and no doubt there
 
than he does. No one fell out but Addie had blistered feet and no doubt there
 
are others. Got in at <st1:time Minute="30" Hour="15">3:30</st1:time>. Most
 
are others. Got in at <st1:time Minute="30" Hour="15">3:30</st1:time>. Most
enjoyable and healthy day. </p>
+
enjoyable and healthy day.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Down town in the evening
+
<br><br>            Down town in the evening
 
for a few necessaries and spent the rest of the time getting my kit packed. I
 
for a few necessaries and spent the rest of the time getting my kit packed. I
 
don't feel the least bit excited about going home. Jim cooked some haggis and
 
don't feel the least bit excited about going home. Jim cooked some haggis and
it's lying heavy on my stomach now.</p>
+
it's lying heavy on my stomach now.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>17 Feb 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>17 Feb 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>It
+
<br><br>            It
 
turned out wet today - so wet that the battalion didn't go out. I was glad as I
 
turned out wet today - so wet that the battalion didn't go out. I was glad as I
 
had all my things clean and ready for the journey. We left about <st1:time
 
had all my things clean and ready for the journey. We left about <st1:time
 
Hour="8" Minute="0">8 o'clock</st1:time> at night, marching down to the station
 
Hour="8" Minute="0">8 o'clock</st1:time> at night, marching down to the station
in great form and best of spirits.</p>
+
in great form and best of spirits.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>18 - 24 Feb 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>18 - 24 Feb 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Blank</p>
+
<br><br>            Blank
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>25 Feb 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>25 Feb 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Got
+
<br><br>            Got
 
into <st1:City><st1:place>Bedford</st1:place></st1:City> about <st1:time
 
into <st1:City><st1:place>Bedford</st1:place></st1:City> about <st1:time
 
Minute="0" Hour="9">9 a.m.</st1:time> Coming up <st1:Street><st1:address>Clarendon
 
Minute="0" Hour="9">9 a.m.</st1:time> Coming up <st1:Street><st1:address>Clarendon
Line 806: Line 806:
 
to be much older looking: instead of that he is just the same as when he went
 
to be much older looking: instead of that he is just the same as when he went
 
out. I thought that we would be getting off parade but the Adjie sent for us
 
out. I thought that we would be getting off parade but the Adjie sent for us
and we had to follow up the Company. Drill in close order all morning. </p>
+
and we had to follow up the Company. Drill in close order all morning.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Afternoon off. </p>
+
<br><br>            Afternoon off.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>At <st1:time Minute="30"
+
<br><br>            At <st1:time Minute="30"
 
Hour="16">4:30</st1:time> parade for outpost duty. We marched out to Stagsden;
 
Hour="16">4:30</st1:time> parade for outpost duty. We marched out to Stagsden;
 
a lovely night , bright moonlight and George and I had plenty to speak about
 
a lovely night , bright moonlight and George and I had plenty to speak about
Line 816: Line 816:
 
then withdrawn as the supports. The Colonel came along and said support should
 
then withdrawn as the supports. The Colonel came along and said support should
 
entrench - which I doubt. Pretty cold waiting about, but a stiff march in
 
entrench - which I doubt. Pretty cold waiting about, but a stiff march in
warmed us up plenty: me nearly asleep on the march, and glad to get to bed.</p>
+
warmed us up plenty: me nearly asleep on the march, and glad to get to bed.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>26 Feb 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>26 Feb 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Marched
+
<br><br>            Marched
 
out past the Swan Inn, and fought out to Stagsden. A perfect day. George is
 
out past the Swan Inn, and fought out to Stagsden. A perfect day. George is
 
very keen. Most of the way was through woods with thorny undergrowth. Our
 
very keen. Most of the way was through woods with thorny undergrowth. Our
 
section finished up with what appeared to me a very knutty piece of strategy,
 
section finished up with what appeared to me a very knutty piece of strategy,
but the Adjie galloped up and put half of us out of action. </p>
+
but the Adjie galloped up and put half of us out of action.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Drew 42/7 today for the
+
<br><br>            Drew 42/7 today for the
 
last 2 weeks. Am feeling rather depressed today - no doubt a reaction after
 
last 2 weeks. Am feeling rather depressed today - no doubt a reaction after
 
furlough and even George's presence can't shake it off altogether. Regular fed
 
furlough and even George's presence can't shake it off altogether. Regular fed
up with the family.</p>
+
up with the family.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>27 Feb 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>27 Feb 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Laurie
+
<br><br>            Laurie
 
and I got a swearing from the Adjie today because he saw some of the men
 
and I got a swearing from the Adjie today because he saw some of the men
 
scratching their faces when they were at attention. He's getting very snotty
 
scratching their faces when they were at attention. He's getting very snotty
about details, so I suppose we'll have to stiffen up too. </p>
+
about details, so I suppose we'll have to stiffen up too.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Company out in the field
+
<br><br>            Company out in the field
 
above the Cemetery, practicing bayonet charging against sacks of straw. The
 
above the Cemetery, practicing bayonet charging against sacks of straw. The
 
sacks were set up as an extended line: good fun but not far good as instruction
 
sacks were set up as an extended line: good fun but not far good as instruction
 
went: not enough ground. George was at musketry instruction in Mod. School
 
went: not enough ground. George was at musketry instruction in Mod. School
Park, and was pretty fed up with standing about. </p>
+
Park, and was pretty fed up with standing about.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>In the afternoon we went to
+
<br><br>            In the afternoon we went to
 
Rugby Match, and at night George and Ian and I were down town on pass. We had
 
Rugby Match, and at night George and Ian and I were down town on pass. We had
 
tea in Dudeney &amp; Johnson's; went to the Chums and enjoyed ourselves very
 
tea in Dudeney &amp; Johnson's; went to the Chums and enjoyed ourselves very
much. The 'ass' is very like George. Went to the second house of the Empire.</p>
+
much. The 'ass' is very like George. Went to the second house of the Empire.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>28 Feb 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>28 Feb 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Dreamt
+
<br><br>            Dreamt
 
last night the Adjie told me he wouldn't recommend me for a commission. I gave
 
last night the Adjie told me he wouldn't recommend me for a commission. I gave
him a bit of my mind. </p>
+
him a bit of my mind.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Church parade today at <st1:time
+
<br><br>            Church parade today at <st1:time
 
Minute="45" Hour="8">8:45</st1:time>, to the Baptist Chapel. Quite a good
 
Minute="45" Hour="8">8:45</st1:time>, to the Baptist Chapel. Quite a good
sermon on sacrifice: church done up inside like an ice-cream shop. </p>
+
sermon on sacrifice: church done up inside like an ice-cream shop.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>After dinner Geo, Ian,
+
<br><br>            After dinner Geo, Ian,
 
Addie and I walked out to the Swan, ordered tea and went on round by Stagsden.
 
Addie and I walked out to the Swan, ordered tea and went on round by Stagsden.
A perfect day, as clear as any we have had here for a long time. </p>
+
A perfect day, as clear as any we have had here for a long time.  
  
 
<br><br>Coming back from Stagsden we were hailed by the tract-delivering parson, so
 
<br><br>Coming back from Stagsden we were hailed by the tract-delivering parson, so
 
we took to our heels. He wanted us up to tea - judging from his gesticulations,
 
we took to our heels. He wanted us up to tea - judging from his gesticulations,
 
so went back and explained and received a few tracts. George wild we couldn't
 
so went back and explained and received a few tracts. George wild we couldn't
accept his invitation, as the daughter seemed 'a peach'. </p>
+
accept his invitation, as the daughter seemed 'a peach'.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Tea at the Swan: the
+
<br><br>            Tea at the Swan: the
 
landlord rather unpleasant about tossing. Walked home: Geo. sent Addie
 
landlord rather unpleasant about tossing. Walked home: Geo. sent Addie
sprawling.</p>
+
sprawling.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>MARCH
+
<center><b><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>MARCH
1915<o:p></o:p></span></b></p>
+
1915</b>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>01 Mar 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>01 Mar 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Started running drill at <st1:time
+
<br><br>            Started running drill at <st1:time
 
Minute="15" Hour="19">7:15</st1:time> this morning, the Sergeant-Major leading.
 
Minute="15" Hour="19">7:15</st1:time> this morning, the Sergeant-Major leading.
 
Going on parade at <st1:time Hour="8" Minute="45">8:45</st1:time>, Capt Ritson
 
Going on parade at <st1:time Hour="8" Minute="45">8:45</st1:time>, Capt Ritson
Line 884: Line 884:
 
commission, and he said M'Intosh in the orderly room would likely be put onto
 
commission, and he said M'Intosh in the orderly room would likely be put onto
 
it. So that's all right, and I have my pass. Didn't get a lot of billets done
 
it. So that's all right, and I have my pass. Didn't get a lot of billets done
as there were a lot of mistakes owing to furlough, etc.</p>
+
as there were a lot of mistakes owing to furlough, etc.
  
 
<br><br>Went down town at <st1:time Hour="18" Minute="30">6:30</st1:time> as arranged
 
<br><br>Went down town at <st1:time Hour="18" Minute="30">6:30</st1:time> as arranged
Line 890: Line 890:
 
was about the best thing I have seen here - certainly the best musical comedy.
 
was about the best thing I have seen here - certainly the best musical comedy.
 
The actresses were pretty, and almost proper. I like Kitty very much: nice and
 
The actresses were pretty, and almost proper. I like Kitty very much: nice and
quiet.</p>
+
quiet.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>02 Mar 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>02 Mar 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Running drill at 7:15.
+
<br><br>            Running drill at 7:15.
 
Paying billets with Ritson and Sandy Ross. The latter's services were
 
Paying billets with Ritson and Sandy Ross. The latter's services were
 
requisitioned in order that the Captain might be saved the labour of writing
 
requisitioned in order that the Captain might be saved the labour of writing
out the amended forms.</p>
+
out the amended forms.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>03 Mar 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>03 Mar 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>This was to be a divisional
+
<br><br>            This was to be a divisional
 
day but turned out wet so we turned in. Had a reading in the office, and a
 
day but turned out wet so we turned in. Had a reading in the office, and a
short route march in the afternoon round by Oakley and Bromhaw. </p>
+
short route march in the afternoon round by Oakley and Bromhaw.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>At night we were hauled out
+
<br><br>            At night we were hauled out
 
to a concert nobody wanted to go to. It turned out to be a dancing display by
 
to a concert nobody wanted to go to. It turned out to be a dancing display by
 
some school kids very good in its way but not the sort of meat and drink the Army
 
some school kids very good in its way but not the sort of meat and drink the Army
 
wants. One little girl of 9 was a splendid turn - comic songs, etc. and should
 
wants. One little girl of 9 was a splendid turn - comic songs, etc. and should
make her name.</p>
+
make her name.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>04 Mar 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>04 Mar 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Running drill at <st1:time
+
<br><br>            Running drill at <st1:time
 
Hour="19" Minute="15">7:15</st1:time> paraded in full marching order at <st1:time
 
Hour="19" Minute="15">7:15</st1:time> paraded in full marching order at <st1:time
 
Hour="8" Minute="15">8:15</st1:time>. We marched out to Stagsden and from there
 
Hour="8" Minute="15">8:15</st1:time>. We marched out to Stagsden and from there
Line 919: Line 919:
 
6th Seaforth were on our immediate right and we got rather boxed up against the
 
6th Seaforth were on our immediate right and we got rather boxed up against the
 
road which was the left flank boundary. Marched in from Stevington, 'C' company
 
road which was the left flank boundary. Marched in from Stevington, 'C' company
next the band. Willie was paying great attention to covering today. </p>
+
next the band. Willie was paying great attention to covering today.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Went down town tonight to
+
<br><br>            Went down town tonight to
 
the Picture-drome. Came back early. Gwyneth has had toothache for the last two
 
the Picture-drome. Came back early. Gwyneth has had toothache for the last two
or three days and Mac and George have had to take turns at holding her hand.</p>
+
or three days and Mac and George have had to take turns at holding her hand.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>05 Mar 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>05 Mar 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Running drill at 7:15.
+
<br><br>            Running drill at 7:15.
 
Battalion parade at <st1:time Minute="15" Hour="9">9:15</st1:time> for
 
Battalion parade at <st1:time Minute="15" Hour="9">9:15</st1:time> for
 
trenching. We had only to go up above the Cemetery and had a pretty slack day.
 
trenching. We had only to go up above the Cemetery and had a pretty slack day.
 
Our squad practised entrenching with the small tools - the first time we have
 
Our squad practised entrenching with the small tools - the first time we have
 
used them. The Brigadier was knocking about. We had 35 minutes to cook and eat
 
used them. The Brigadier was knocking about. We had 35 minutes to cook and eat
our dinner and were back to work again till after four. </p>
+
our dinner and were back to work again till after four.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>After tea I wrote home.
+
<br><br>            After tea I wrote home.
 
George and Ian are both 'out' as regards the house and doubt if they will ever
 
George and Ian are both 'out' as regards the house and doubt if they will ever
smell it again.</p>
+
smell it again.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>06 Mar 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>06 Mar 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>We had a so-called medical
+
<br><br>            We had a so-called medical
 
inspection at nine. It consisted of our new M.O. walking briskly along the
 
inspection at nine. It consisted of our new M.O. walking briskly along the
 
ranks and studying the men's' boots. At 10 we marched up to Clapham park to get
 
ranks and studying the men's' boots. At 10 we marched up to Clapham park to get
Line 947: Line 947:
 
hedge and sat down. He is probably the most unpopular officer in the battalion
 
hedge and sat down. He is probably the most unpopular officer in the battalion
 
now: he used to be the most popular. 'F' Company vow to school him when we get
 
now: he used to be the most popular. 'F' Company vow to school him when we get
into action. </p>
+
into action.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Jim Miller, Blake and I had
+
<br><br>            Jim Miller, Blake and I had
 
to parade to the Brigade Office at <st1:time Hour="15" Minute="0">3 p.m.</st1:time>
 
to parade to the Brigade Office at <st1:time Hour="15" Minute="0">3 p.m.</st1:time>
 
and interviewed the Brigadier. The Brigadier was quite affable and signed our
 
and interviewed the Brigadier. The Brigadier was quite affable and signed our
papers. </p>
+
papers.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span><st1:City><st1:place>Cambridge</st1:place></st1:City>
+
<br><br>            <st1:City><st1:place>Cambridge</st1:place></st1:City>
 
played the Highland Division at Rugger this afternoon and got beaten. <st1:City><st1:place>Cambridge</st1:place></st1:City>
 
played the Highland Division at Rugger this afternoon and got beaten. <st1:City><st1:place>Cambridge</st1:place></st1:City>
 
had a very poor team they didn't seem to have played much together, and looked
 
had a very poor team they didn't seem to have played much together, and looked
rather a rag-a-muffin bunch. </p>
+
rather a rag-a-muffin bunch.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>George and Ian on pass
+
<br><br>            George and Ian on pass
tonight.</p>
+
tonight.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>07 Mar 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>07 Mar 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Church parade at <st1:time
+
<br><br>            Church parade at <st1:time
 
Minute="20" Hour="8">8:20</st1:time>. Good sermon from the new chaplain. The
 
Minute="20" Hour="8">8:20</st1:time>. Good sermon from the new chaplain. The
 
Camerons have already had some casualties. Took Orderly Sergt's work over for
 
Camerons have already had some casualties. Took Orderly Sergt's work over for
 
the day as Laurie was B.O.S. so that I didn't get out of the billeting area.
 
the day as Laurie was B.O.S. so that I didn't get out of the billeting area.
Wrote Rob Alexander. </p>
+
Wrote Rob Alexander.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Black and Howie were in to
+
<br><br>            Black and Howie were in to
supper.</p>
+
supper.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>08 Mar 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>08 Mar 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Running drill at 7:15. Very
+
<br><br>            Running drill at 7:15. Very
 
cold, and snowing slightly. George not on duty yet as he was inoculated on
 
cold, and snowing slightly. George not on duty yet as he was inoculated on
 
Saturday. Company drill was cancelled and battalion went out for a route march
 
Saturday. Company drill was cancelled and battalion went out for a route march
Line 982: Line 982:
 
small snow. The buds are on the hedges. The Company marched well today, and
 
small snow. The buds are on the hedges. The Company marched well today, and
 
with a little care on the part of some NCOs - especially Laurie and M'Adie we
 
with a little care on the part of some NCOs - especially Laurie and M'Adie we
would have a good marching coy. </p>
+
would have a good marching coy.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Dinner at <st1:time
+
<br><br>            Dinner at <st1:time
 
Hour="15" Minute="0">3 p.m.</st1:time>: afternoon tea in the park and then
 
Hour="15" Minute="0">3 p.m.</st1:time>: afternoon tea in the park and then
 
again in 21. 'M' arrived this morning to Ian's discomfiture who was in
 
again in 21. 'M' arrived this morning to Ian's discomfiture who was in
 
Gwyneth&#8217;s bedroom at the time. He has come from <st1:country-region><st1:place>China</st1:place></st1:country-region>
 
Gwyneth&#8217;s bedroom at the time. He has come from <st1:country-region><st1:place>China</st1:place></st1:country-region>
to join. It will be interesting to watch developments.</p>
+
to join. It will be interesting to watch developments.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>09 Mar 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>09 Mar 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Marched out to near
+
<br><br>            Marched out to near
 
Stagsden and did the same scheme as on Thursday's last. This time we were the
 
Stagsden and did the same scheme as on Thursday's last. This time we were the
 
supports and had a most pleasant cross-country ramble - more like a botanical
 
supports and had a most pleasant cross-country ramble - more like a botanical
excursion than a sham fight.</p>
+
excursion than a sham fight.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>10 Mar 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>10 Mar 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Had the parade S_a_ [?]
+
<br><br>            Had the parade S_a_ [?]
 
etc. in good time, having been up at 6. Marched out towards Colmworth and
 
etc. in good time, having been up at 6. Marched out towards Colmworth and
 
division attacked Gordons in direction of in the direction of Milton Ernest.
 
division attacked Gordons in direction of in the direction of Milton Ernest.
 
When we just beginning - I was with the supports, the Adjie came and ordered me
 
When we just beginning - I was with the supports, the Adjie came and ordered me
to take the pack-ponies to the ammunition column. </p>
+
to take the pack-ponies to the ammunition column.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>I managed to catch them up
+
<br><br>            I managed to catch them up
 
after about an hours march. Then we stood for several hours on the road, very
 
after about an hours march. Then we stood for several hours on the road, very
 
cold. Moved forward and came abreast two batteries in action. No sign of our
 
cold. Moved forward and came abreast two batteries in action. No sign of our
 
battalion and I believe the commander of the column had quite lost touch with
 
battalion and I believe the commander of the column had quite lost touch with
 
most of the infantry including ours The 6th lost touch with the 5th and seem to
 
most of the infantry including ours The 6th lost touch with the 5th and seem to
have lost themselves into the bargain. </p>
+
have lost themselves into the bargain.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Had a good march home, fine
+
<br><br>            Had a good march home, fine
exhilarating weather. Got in after 4, one of the longest days we've had. </p>
+
exhilarating weather. Got in after 4, one of the longest days we've had.  
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>11 Mar 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>11 Mar 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>With J. Ritson today,
+
<br><br>            With J. Ritson today,
 
working all morning in the Orderly Room. Wonder if I'll take as badly to
 
working all morning in the Orderly Room. Wonder if I'll take as badly to
 
laboratory work as I do to office work. In the afternoon we paid some outlying
 
laboratory work as I do to office work. In the afternoon we paid some outlying
billets, in a very lackadaisical state. JJR infects me that way. </p>
+
billets, in a very lackadaisical state. JJR infects me that way.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Had tea in the pavilion
+
<br><br>            Had tea in the pavilion
 
with George and Ian, and Dolly sat and gassed till we were fair fed up. Nanna
 
with George and Ian, and Dolly sat and gassed till we were fair fed up. Nanna
is jealous. Went down town to the Picture-drome. </p>
+
is jealous. Went down town to the Picture-drome.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Hear Major M'Millan told
+
<br><br>            Hear Major M'Millan told
 
Willie of in the mess last night. Willie gets more unpopular every day.
 
Willie of in the mess last night. Willie gets more unpopular every day.
M'Millan told him to look out when he got to <st1:country-region><st1:place>France</st1:place></st1:country-region>.</p>
+
M'Millan told him to look out when he got to <st1:country-region><st1:place>France</st1:place></st1:country-region>.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>12 Mar 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>12 Mar 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Quite a good day, and did
+
<br><br>            Quite a good day, and did
 
practically no work. I was in the Orderly Room till about 10, then went down
 
practically no work. I was in the Orderly Room till about 10, then went down
 
town and spent the rest of the forenoon looking round the 2nd hand bookshop.
 
town and spent the rest of the forenoon looking round the 2nd hand bookshop.
Didn't see anything good. </p>
+
Didn't see anything good.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>After dinner went with
+
<br><br>            After dinner went with
 
Ritson and Ian to the Bank and was free at <st1:time Hour="15" Minute="0">3
 
Ritson and Ian to the Bank and was free at <st1:time Hour="15" Minute="0">3
  p.m.</st1:time> Had tea in the pavilion. </p>
+
  p.m.</st1:time> Had tea in the pavilion.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>After tea at 21 I wrote
+
<br><br>            After tea at 21 I wrote
 
home and found my diary a great help. Black was in practising songs tonight and
 
home and found my diary a great help. Black was in practising songs tonight and
 
has settled on 'My Old Shako'. He hasn't got a voice or a temperament for it
 
has settled on 'My Old Shako'. He hasn't got a voice or a temperament for it
and woes me playing for him and Gwyneth, I hear they are going to rag Willie.</p>
+
and woes me playing for him and Gwyneth, I hear they are going to rag Willie.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>13 Mar 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>13 Mar 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>With Ritson in <st1:Street><st1:address>Foster
+
<br><br>            With Ritson in <st1:Street><st1:address>Foster
 
   Hill Rd</st1:address></st1:Street> estimating the damage done by the men in
 
   Hill Rd</st1:address></st1:Street> estimating the damage done by the men in
 
some of the empty houses. A good deal of damage, much of it apparently wilful,
 
some of the empty houses. A good deal of damage, much of it apparently wilful,
 
but I believe nothing to what has been the case in some of the Morayshire
 
but I believe nothing to what has been the case in some of the Morayshire
 
billets. Banisters, wainscoting, etc burnt up and marble mantelpieces in
 
billets. Banisters, wainscoting, etc burnt up and marble mantelpieces in
smithereens, but I didn't see any as bad as that. </p>
+
smithereens, but I didn't see any as bad as that.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Concert at night a great
+
<br><br>            Concert at night a great
 
success. Black didn't turn up for which I was sincerely thankful. Gwyneth
 
success. Black didn't turn up for which I was sincerely thankful. Gwyneth
 
surprised me, singing so well. Cowper of the Groat was down for the occasion
 
surprised me, singing so well. Cowper of the Groat was down for the occasion
 
and was quite successful in one or two of his songs, though they were of the
 
and was quite successful in one or two of his songs, though they were of the
 
usual antediluvian order. Willie and Ritson both sang, but very nervous. Willie
 
usual antediluvian order. Willie and Ritson both sang, but very nervous. Willie
got a good reception. The Sergt-Major danced the Highland Fling.</p>
+
got a good reception. The Sergt-Major danced the Highland Fling.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>14 Mar 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>14 Mar 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Church parade at <st1:time
+
<br><br>            Church parade at <st1:time
 
Minute="45" Hour="8">8:45</st1:time>. A new chaplain this morning and he had a
 
Minute="45" Hour="8">8:45</st1:time>. A new chaplain this morning and he had a
 
husky throat. Not nearly so much coughing in Church now. Tea in the pavilion
 
husky throat. Not nearly so much coughing in Church now. Tea in the pavilion
relieved the monotony of the day. </p>
+
relieved the monotony of the day.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Went to <st1:City><st1:place>St.
+
<br><br>            Went to <st1:City><st1:place>St.
 
   Paul</st1:place></st1:City>'s with George at night and were shown into a
 
   Paul</st1:place></st1:City>'s with George at night and were shown into a
front seat, where our ignorance of the service must have been most apparent.</p>
+
front seat, where our ignorance of the service must have been most apparent.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>15 Mar 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>15 Mar 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Went out to Harrowden for
+
<br><br>            Went out to Harrowden for
 
field practices. Fifteen rounds per man at ranges from 600 to 300. Disappearing
 
field practices. Fifteen rounds per man at ranges from 600 to 300. Disappearing
 
targets up for 35 secs and down for the same. Not very realistic but better
 
targets up for 35 secs and down for the same. Not very realistic but better
 
than ordinary butt-shooting. Very easy to forget adjustment of sights. Our
 
than ordinary butt-shooting. Very easy to forget adjustment of sights. Our
detail - with Donnie Dunnet, Poll, Laurie, etc had a long way the best score. </p>
+
detail - with Donnie Dunnet, Poll, Laurie, etc had a long way the best score.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Was down town but nothing
+
<br><br>            Was down town but nothing
doing.</p>
+
doing.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>16 Mar 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>16 Mar 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Divisional practice today -
+
<br><br>            Divisional practice today -
 
that of Wednesday 10th revived, with the 6th we held a position E of Milton
 
that of Wednesday 10th revived, with the 6th we held a position E of Milton
 
Ernest. Whole 5<sup>th</sup> were out as a screen for the rest of Division.
 
Ernest. Whole 5<sup>th</sup> were out as a screen for the rest of Division.
Line 1,095: Line 1,095:
 
almost taken. Not at all a brilliant affair, but very difficult to gauge what
 
almost taken. Not at all a brilliant affair, but very difficult to gauge what
 
the results would be in the real thing. Got home on <st1:time Minute="0"
 
the results would be in the real thing. Got home on <st1:time Minute="0"
Hour="16">four o'clock</st1:time>, pretty hungry. </p>
+
Hour="16">four o'clock</st1:time>, pretty hungry.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Went down town at night.
+
<br><br>            Went down town at night.
 
Pitman was in tonight saying we are down to move in six weeks time as a
 
Pitman was in tonight saying we are down to move in six weeks time as a
 
Division. I say# there have already gone over 2 or 3 Territorial Divisions.
 
Division. I say# there have already gone over 2 or 3 Territorial Divisions.
Hope we are sent to the <st1:place>Dardanelles</st1:place>.</p>
+
Hope we are sent to the <st1:place>Dardanelles</st1:place>.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>17 Mar 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>17 Mar 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Examined some of the empty
+
<br><br>            Examined some of the empty
 
houses today with Ritson. A good deal of damage done in some cases, but others
 
houses today with Ritson. A good deal of damage done in some cases, but others
 
well looked after. Over at the Park for tea. The Battalion went out at 6 for
 
well looked after. Over at the Park for tea. The Battalion went out at 6 for
night marching, but I went down town, having slight neuralgia.</p>
+
night marching, but I went down town, having slight neuralgia.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>COMMISSIONED<o:p></o:p></span></u></b></p>
+
<center><b><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>COMMISSIONED</u></b>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></u></b></p>
+
<center><b><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>&nbsp;</u></b>
  
 
<br><br><i>Commissioning in 1915 was a relatively informal affair. Candidates for
 
<br><br><i>Commissioning in 1915 was a relatively informal affair. Candidates for
Line 1,117: Line 1,117:
 
but in the case of the Territorial Force and the units of the 'New Armies'
 
but in the case of the Territorial Force and the units of the 'New Armies'
 
raised since the outbreak of war, there was no centralised selection or
 
raised since the outbreak of war, there was no centralised selection or
training of young officers.<o:p></o:p></i></p>
+
training of young officers.</i>
  
 
<br><br><i>JBC would have applied for a commission on the standard army form and
 
<br><br><i>JBC would have applied for a commission on the standard army form and
Line 1,127: Line 1,127:
 
with the </i><st1:place><st1:PlaceType><i>County</i></st1:PlaceType><i> </i><st1:PlaceName><i>Territorial</i></st1:PlaceName></st1:place><i>
 
with the </i><st1:place><st1:PlaceType><i>County</i></st1:PlaceType><i> </i><st1:PlaceName><i>Territorial</i></st1:PlaceName></st1:place><i>
 
Association in </i><st1:place><i>Caithness</i></st1:place><i> - the group of
 
Association in </i><st1:place><i>Caithness</i></st1:place><i> - the group of
local worthies who oversaw the TF units from their area.<o:p></o:p></i></p>
+
local worthies who oversaw the TF units from their area.</i>
  
 
<br><br><i>Once everything was approved, the only formal procedure was the
 
<br><br><i>Once everything was approved, the only formal procedure was the
 
announcement of his commissioning in the </i><st1:City><st1:place><i>London</i></st1:place></st1:City><i>
 
announcement of his commissioning in the </i><st1:City><st1:place><i>London</i></st1:place></st1:City><i>
 
Gazette. At this point he would have been discharged from the 5<sup>th</sup>
 
Gazette. At this point he would have been discharged from the 5<sup>th</sup>
Seaforth 'in consequence of being appointed to a commission'.<o:p></o:p></i></p>
+
Seaforth 'in consequence of being appointed to a commission'.</i>
  
 
<br><br><i>It was then up to his regiment to train him - and in early 1915 there was
 
<br><br><i>It was then up to his regiment to train him - and in early 1915 there was
 
very little knowledge in the </i><st1:place><i>Highland</i></st1:place><i>
 
very little knowledge in the </i><st1:place><i>Highland</i></st1:place><i>
Division of the practicalities of soldiering in </i><st1:country-region><st1:place><i>France</i></st1:place></st1:country-region><i>.<o:p></o:p></i></p>
+
Division of the practicalities of soldiering in </i><st1:country-region><st1:place><i>France</i></st1:place></st1:country-region><i>.</i>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>18 Mar 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>18 Mar 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Was just going on parade
+
<br><br>            Was just going on parade
 
this morning when Ian and Jim Miller came to tell me I had been gazetted.
 
this morning when Ian and Jim Miller came to tell me I had been gazetted.
 
Miller and Blake are too. I wasn't a bit glad in fact it almost brought tears
 
Miller and Blake are too. I wasn't a bit glad in fact it almost brought tears
Line 1,147: Line 1,147:
 
'civies' which I had taken care to keep by me. Queer it feels to be in them
 
'civies' which I had taken care to keep by me. Queer it feels to be in them
 
again. Spent most of the day about the streets and transferring my things to
 
again. Spent most of the day about the streets and transferring my things to
Mrs. Mortimer's where I am to be billeted. </p>
+
Mrs. Mortimer's where I am to be billeted.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Went to lunch at the Mess
+
<br><br>            Went to lunch at the Mess
 
with Ritson, and met most of the officers. It is much more free and easy than I
 
with Ritson, and met most of the officers. It is much more free and easy than I
 
had expected. Took a box of cigars up to the office and found Jim Miller
 
had expected. Took a box of cigars up to the office and found Jim Miller
 
carting up 4 bottles of Johnnie Walker. He was well screwed, and would have me
 
carting up 4 bottles of Johnnie Walker. He was well screwed, and would have me
 
go over to the Mess with him which I did until I found him going in the kitchen
 
go over to the Mess with him which I did until I found him going in the kitchen
door, then I made my escape. Am sleeping this last night with George.</p>
+
door, then I made my escape. Am sleeping this last night with George.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>19 Mar 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>19 Mar 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Breakfast at the Mess and
+
<br><br>            Breakfast at the Mess and
 
glad to get decent Scotch porridge and cold milk in my mouth again. Got leave
 
glad to get decent Scotch porridge and cold milk in my mouth again. Got leave
 
to go to <st1:City><st1:place>Glasgow</st1:place></st1:City> for seven days, so
 
to go to <st1:City><st1:place>Glasgow</st1:place></st1:City> for seven days, so
 
am leaving tonight. Spent a wearisome day, unsettled, half in and half out of
 
am leaving tonight. Spent a wearisome day, unsettled, half in and half out of
21. </p>
+
21.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Left by the <st1:time
+
<br><br>            Left by the <st1:time
 
Minute="13" Hour="9">9:13</st1:time> with Mowat of the Machine Gun. He is
 
Minute="13" Hour="9">9:13</st1:time> with Mowat of the Machine Gun. He is
 
engaged to Mary Stewart. Left him at <st1:place>Rugby</st1:place>. The 4th
 
engaged to Mary Stewart. Left him at <st1:place>Rugby</st1:place>. The 4th
 
Seaforth have been badly cut up, and 4th Camerons also#, so the officers' dance
 
Seaforth have been badly cut up, and 4th Camerons also#, so the officers' dance
which was to be tonight is cancelled.</p>
+
which was to be tonight is cancelled.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>20 Mar 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>20 Mar 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Arrived <st1:City><st1:place>Glasgow</st1:place></st1:City>
+
<br><br>            Arrived <st1:City><st1:place>Glasgow</st1:place></st1:City>
 
7:30. Breakfasted at YMCA. Ordered uniform at <st1:City><st1:place>Moore</st1:place></st1:City>,
 
7:30. Breakfasted at YMCA. Ordered uniform at <st1:City><st1:place>Moore</st1:place></st1:City>,
 
Taggert's and then started to hunt for Daisy. Found her (out) after an hour and
 
Taggert's and then started to hunt for Daisy. Found her (out) after an hour and
a half's searching. </p>
+
a half's searching.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Met John Budge and had lunch
+
<br><br>            Met John Budge and had lunch
 
with him at Miss Cranston's. He's a quaint bird but looking more spruce than
 
with him at Miss Cranston's. He's a quaint bird but looking more spruce than
I've seen him. </p>
+
I've seen him.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Got Daisy and Tina in at <st1:time
+
<br><br>            Got Daisy and Tina in at <st1:time
 
Hour="14" Minute="30">2:30</st1:time> and we went to tea together and then they
 
Hour="14" Minute="30">2:30</st1:time> and we went to tea together and then they
 
saw me off from Queen's St. Arrived Crossgates and found Bessie here: also the
 
saw me off from Queen's St. Arrived Crossgates and found Bessie here: also the
spring-cleaning.</p>
+
spring-cleaning.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>21 Mar 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>21 Mar 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Walked to the Goat Brae
+
<br><br>            Walked to the Goat Brae
 
with uncle in the forenoon - a blustering day, and a good deal of slushy snow
 
with uncle in the forenoon - a blustering day, and a good deal of slushy snow
 
on the roads. Uncle is a very good walking companion. Bob came along in the
 
on the roads. Uncle is a very good walking companion. Bob came along in the
afternoon and was surprised find Bessie and me here.</p>
+
afternoon and was surprised find Bessie and me here.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>22 Mar 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>22 Mar 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Cycled down to Donibristle
+
<br><br>            Cycled down to Donibristle
 
Ho. this morning. A lovely soft day, but colder later on. The country side is
 
Ho. this morning. A lovely soft day, but colder later on. The country side is
 
pretty just now and wreaths of snow behind the hedges give it extra colour.
 
pretty just now and wreaths of snow behind the hedges give it extra colour.
Line 1,204: Line 1,204:
 
heard of. Probably another case of false economy. D.W.M. seems well content
 
heard of. Probably another case of false economy. D.W.M. seems well content
 
with his lot, and if he gets obedience from the men I should think it is more
 
with his lot, and if he gets obedience from the men I should think it is more
by taking it for granted than by exacting it. </p>
+
by taking it for granted than by exacting it.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Got up to Xgates at <st1:time
+
<br><br>            Got up to Xgates at <st1:time
 
Minute="30" Hour="17">5:30</st1:time>, against a stiff breeze and after reconnoitring
 
Minute="30" Hour="17">5:30</st1:time>, against a stiff breeze and after reconnoitring
 
a few imaginary positions. Went along by car to Lochgelly, with the intention
 
a few imaginary positions. Went along by car to Lochgelly, with the intention
 
of returning again, but didn't. Had two games of chess with Bob - successfully.
 
of returning again, but didn't. Had two games of chess with Bob - successfully.
</p>
 
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>23 Mar 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
 
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>It has been a muggy day.
+
<center><b>23 Mar 15</b>
 +
 
 +
<br><br>            It has been a muggy day.
 
Called at Cowdenbeath on my way down and introduced myself to Mr. Bain. Had a
 
Called at Cowdenbeath on my way down and introduced myself to Mr. Bain. Had a
 
long yarn with him during which he frequently went beyond my depth. Had a
 
long yarn with him during which he frequently went beyond my depth. Had a
longish walk with Uncle in the afternoon.</p>
+
longish walk with Uncle in the afternoon.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>24 Mar 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>24 Mar 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Left for <st1:City><st1:place>Glasgow</st1:place></st1:City>
+
<br><br>            Left for <st1:City><st1:place>Glasgow</st1:place></st1:City>
 
at <st1:time Minute="30" Hour="12">12:30</st1:time>. Auntie down seeing me off.
 
at <st1:time Minute="30" Hour="12">12:30</st1:time>. Auntie down seeing me off.
 
She has broadened considerably in her views lately. Met Dorothy Middleton as
 
She has broadened considerably in her views lately. Met Dorothy Middleton as
Line 1,231: Line 1,231:
 
and has a very leisurely existence. She took herself home about <st1:time
 
and has a very leisurely existence. She took herself home about <st1:time
 
Hour="9" Minute="30">9:30</st1:time> and I made for the YMCA where I got a room
 
Hour="9" Minute="30">9:30</st1:time> and I made for the YMCA where I got a room
for 2/6 consisting of 4 walls, a bed and a bible! </p>
+
for 2/6 consisting of 4 walls, a bed and a bible!  
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>25 Mar 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>25 Mar 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Spent the morning looking
+
<br><br>            Spent the morning looking
 
for a waterproof, and didn't find one. I am a most undecided person when
 
for a waterproof, and didn't find one. I am a most undecided person when
 
hunting for anything like that, and usually start out with no clear idea of
 
hunting for anything like that, and usually start out with no clear idea of
Line 1,243: Line 1,243:
 
  <st1:PlaceType>Gardens</st1:PlaceType></st1:place> and found Mary Fargie in.
 
  <st1:PlaceType>Gardens</st1:PlaceType></st1:place> and found Mary Fargie in.
 
She is small and fat, with a triple chin and a pretty bad <st1:City><st1:place>Glasgow</st1:place></st1:City>
 
She is small and fat, with a triple chin and a pretty bad <st1:City><st1:place>Glasgow</st1:place></st1:City>
accent.</p>
+
accent.
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Was at Daisy's at <st1:time
+
<br><br>            Was at Daisy's at <st1:time
 
Hour="16" Minute="30">4:30</st1:time> and we had tea at Miss Rombach's. I paid
 
Hour="16" Minute="30">4:30</st1:time> and we had tea at Miss Rombach's. I paid
 
a hurried visit to the tailors and then we proceeded to the King's Theatre
 
a hurried visit to the tailors and then we proceeded to the King's Theatre
Line 1,252: Line 1,252:
 
being in their company, and I couldn't help thinking it might be for the last
 
being in their company, and I couldn't help thinking it might be for the last
 
time. I should have liked to tell D. what she has meant to me but Tina was
 
time. I should have liked to tell D. what she has meant to me but Tina was
there, which was probably just as well.</p>
+
there, which was probably just as well.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>26 Mar 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>26 Mar 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Got into Euston at
+
<br><br>            Got into Euston at
 
breakfast time, which meal I got in a little dingy restaurant with marble
 
breakfast time, which meal I got in a little dingy restaurant with marble
 
topped tables and no table cloths. A lot of others there too, quite decently
 
topped tables and no table cloths. A lot of others there too, quite decently
Line 1,265: Line 1,265:
 
and fixed up with D.S. Kitchen to take over my collection if I don't require
 
and fixed up with D.S. Kitchen to take over my collection if I don't require
 
them afterwards. Speaking of Salfeld and Pompekj: he thinks they would both be
 
them afterwards. Speaking of Salfeld and Pompekj: he thinks they would both be
officers in the German Army. </p>
+
officers in the German Army.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Went out to <st1:City><st1:place>Edmonton</st1:place></st1:City>
+
<br><br>            Went out to <st1:City><st1:place>Edmonton</st1:place></st1:City>
 
and caught Vane just going out. We had tea. Both Vane and Con have the pip, and
 
and caught Vane just going out. We had tea. Both Vane and Con have the pip, and
 
have no fire or keenness left in them. Probably Vane isn't reading enough, and
 
have no fire or keenness left in them. Probably Vane isn't reading enough, and
yet he has plenty time. The house wasn't in such good order either. </p>
+
yet he has plenty time. The house wasn't in such good order either.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Got a train from St.
+
<br><br>            Got a train from St.
 
Pancras about 8 and got into <st1:City><st1:place>Bedford</st1:place></st1:City>
 
Pancras about 8 and got into <st1:City><st1:place>Bedford</st1:place></st1:City>
about 10. Was up till after 12 trying my uniform on.</p>
+
about 10. Was up till after 12 trying my uniform on.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>27 Mar 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>27 Mar 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Jim Miller was attached to
+
<br><br>            Jim Miller was attached to
 
A, and I to B. &quot;B&quot; was on the miniature range this forenoon and
 
A, and I to B. &quot;B&quot; was on the miniature range this forenoon and
 
practising fire control with landscape targets, so I hadn't any occasion to
 
practising fire control with landscape targets, so I hadn't any occasion to
 
make a fool of myself although I felt one with my trews as wide as a divided
 
make a fool of myself although I felt one with my trews as wide as a divided
skirt. </p>
+
skirt.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>The afternoon I spent
+
<br><br>            The afternoon I spent
 
moping about the digs. I was over at 21 for a bit, but George and Ian have gone
 
moping about the digs. I was over at 21 for a bit, but George and Ian have gone
to <st1:City><st1:place>London</st1:place></st1:City> for the weekend.</p>
+
to <st1:City><st1:place>London</st1:place></st1:City> for the weekend.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>28 Mar 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>28 Mar 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Church parade at <st1:time
+
<br><br>            Church parade at <st1:time
 
Minute="20" Hour="9">9:20</st1:time>. I got a loan of Captain Ritson's sporran.
 
Minute="20" Hour="9">9:20</st1:time>. I got a loan of Captain Ritson's sporran.
 
I had a very bad cough, which I expected would bother me in Church, but I
 
I had a very bad cough, which I expected would bother me in Church, but I
 
managed to suppress it. Mr. Bain, our Chaplain, can't keep the Germans and
 
managed to suppress it. Mr. Bain, our Chaplain, can't keep the Germans and
 
their Kaiser out of his sermons. Mowat, Lybster, was next me and trumpeting
 
their Kaiser out of his sermons. Mowat, Lybster, was next me and trumpeting
into my ear. </p>
+
into my ear.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Wrote home in the forenoon
+
<br><br>            Wrote home in the forenoon
 
and after dinner at Platts I went with Ritson and Mortimer for 18 holes of
 
and after dinner at Platts I went with Ritson and Mortimer for 18 holes of
 
golf. It was an ideal day and we had a most enjoyable round. I won by one hole,
 
golf. It was an ideal day and we had a most enjoyable round. I won by one hole,
Line 1,303: Line 1,303:
 
don't know whether I did right or wrong to play but I don't see any harm in it,
 
don't know whether I did right or wrong to play but I don't see any harm in it,
 
under the circumstances, and this is the only day Mr. Mortimer can get. I like
 
under the circumstances, and this is the only day Mr. Mortimer can get. I like
him, he's just like a kid out of school.</p>
+
him, he's just like a kid out of school.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>29 Mar 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>29 Mar 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Another brilliant day.
+
<br><br>            Another brilliant day.
 
Marched out about <st1:time Hour="9" Minute="30">9:30</st1:time> to Oakley and
 
Marched out about <st1:time Hour="9" Minute="30">9:30</st1:time> to Oakley and
 
then across country to Tithe Farm and Bury Farm. I had charge of 2 platoons in
 
then across country to Tithe Farm and Bury Farm. I had charge of 2 platoons in
Line 1,316: Line 1,316:
 
the pipers have done. The only thing that spoilt the day was waiting on the
 
the pipers have done. The only thing that spoilt the day was waiting on the
 
roadside for 35 minutes for the band to come along. Got in about <st1:time
 
roadside for 35 minutes for the band to come along. Got in about <st1:time
Minute="30" Hour="14">2:30</st1:time>. </p>
+
Minute="30" Hour="14">2:30</st1:time>.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Invested in a set of chess,
+
<br><br>            Invested in a set of chess,
 
but don't believe I'll have much time for it. I haven't been able to do any
 
but don't believe I'll have much time for it. I haven't been able to do any
reading for some time.</p>
+
reading for some time.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>30 Mar 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>30 Mar 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Divisional practice today
+
<br><br>            Divisional practice today
 
and moved off at <st1:time Minute="35" Hour="8">8:35</st1:time>, so had early
 
and moved off at <st1:time Minute="35" Hour="8">8:35</st1:time>, so had early
 
breakfast. Marched out about 8 miles, with many checks and then lay on the side
 
breakfast. Marched out about 8 miles, with many checks and then lay on the side
Line 1,330: Line 1,330:
 
last we advanced, being in reserve to the Argyles. I was with the supports (of
 
last we advanced, being in reserve to the Argyles. I was with the supports (of
 
the reserves) so hadn't much to do: but it's a treat to work with &quot;B&quot;
 
the reserves) so hadn't much to do: but it's a treat to work with &quot;B&quot;
Coy. </p>
+
Coy.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>The men are keen and
+
<br><br>            The men are keen and
 
tractable and I shall do everything I can to keep them so. The difficulty is to
 
tractable and I shall do everything I can to keep them so. The difficulty is to
 
draw the happy medium between Harper's laisey-faire [sic] and Willie's nagging
 
draw the happy medium between Harper's laisey-faire [sic] and Willie's nagging
 
tactics. We marched home as we came out, with many irritating stops and didn't
 
tactics. We marched home as we came out, with many irritating stops and didn't
 
get in until <st1:time Hour="18" Minute="0">6 p.m.</st1:time> so we were very
 
get in until <st1:time Hour="18" Minute="0">6 p.m.</st1:time> so we were very
hungry. My face is smarting with the cold and the sun.</p>
+
hungry. My face is smarting with the cold and the sun.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>&nbsp;</b>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>31 Mar 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>31 Mar 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Very warm today - the most
+
<br><br>            Very warm today - the most
 
summery day we've had yet. Rifle and foot inspection at <st1:time Minute="15"
 
summery day we've had yet. Rifle and foot inspection at <st1:time Minute="15"
 
Hour="9">9:15</st1:time>. Musketry and handling of arms from 11 to 1 and again
 
Hour="9">9:15</st1:time>. Musketry and handling of arms from 11 to 1 and again
 
from 2 to 4. During the latter period I took the company for a short time and
 
from 2 to 4. During the latter period I took the company for a short time and
 
felt rather nervous. Somehow, they impress me more than 'C' did, partly because
 
felt rather nervous. Somehow, they impress me more than 'C' did, partly because
the NCOs are older and more experienced men. </p>
+
the NCOs are older and more experienced men.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Am getting to know W. A.
+
<br><br>            Am getting to know W. A.
 
M'Donald, as we are the only officers at present with 'B' and I like him, as
 
M'Donald, as we are the only officers at present with 'B' and I like him, as
every other body does too. </p>
+
every other body does too.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Had hoped to get some
+
<br><br>            Had hoped to get some
 
letter writing today - to Daisy as I had some cigarettes from her this morning,
 
letter writing today - to Daisy as I had some cigarettes from her this morning,
but got none done. Had a game of chess with Ritson, in which he nearly beat me.</p>
+
but got none done. Had a game of chess with Ritson, in which he nearly beat me.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>APRIL
+
<center><b><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>APRIL
1915<o:p></o:p></span></b></p>
+
1915</b>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>01 Apr 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>01 Apr 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Was on duty in the butts at
+
<br><br>            Was on duty in the butts at
 
Harrowden today along with Corrigal. We left here at <st1:time Hour="8"
 
Harrowden today along with Corrigal. We left here at <st1:time Hour="8"
 
Minute="15">8:15</st1:time>. Fine dry morning. There is still about 8&quot; of
 
Minute="15">8:15</st1:time>. Fine dry morning. There is still about 8&quot; of
Line 1,370: Line 1,370:
 
Got home at <st1:time Hour="14" Minute="0">2 p.m.</st1:time> and wrote to
 
Got home at <st1:time Hour="14" Minute="0">2 p.m.</st1:time> and wrote to
 
Daisy. Pills with Blake at night, he is too good for me, but I am very bad. Was
 
Daisy. Pills with Blake at night, he is too good for me, but I am very bad. Was
over at 21 for a little. </p>
+
over at 21 for a little.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Black had No.10 platoon on
+
<br><br>            Black had No.10 platoon on
 
Brigade inlying picket last night and they were nearly all tight. He wasn't
 
Brigade inlying picket last night and they were nearly all tight. He wasn't
 
quite sober himself I'm told. That's the way to be carrying on just now. No
 
quite sober himself I'm told. That's the way to be carrying on just now. No
wonder we have a bad name.</p>
+
wonder we have a bad name.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>02 Apr 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>02 Apr 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>A total holiday today.
+
<br><br>            A total holiday today.
 
Wrote and read in the forenoon. After dinner, Ritson, Mortimer, George and I
 
Wrote and read in the forenoon. After dinner, Ritson, Mortimer, George and I
 
went out, per taxi, to Clapham golf course and had 18 holes. George was fair
 
went out, per taxi, to Clapham golf course and had 18 holes. George was fair
Line 1,385: Line 1,385:
 
all his old mannerisms. We all had tea in Mrs. Mortimer's, along with Ian and
 
all his old mannerisms. We all had tea in Mrs. Mortimer's, along with Ian and
 
Addie and some lady friends of the family. We had quite a jolly night. Mrs.
 
Addie and some lady friends of the family. We had quite a jolly night. Mrs.
Mortimer thinks a lot of George.</p>
+
Mortimer thinks a lot of George.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>03 Apr 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>03 Apr 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Wet today, so the Company
+
<br><br>            Wet today, so the Company
 
didn't parade at all. W.A. M'Donald and I inspected some of the billets, but in
 
didn't parade at all. W.A. M'Donald and I inspected some of the billets, but in
 
a very perfunctory way. I was Supernumerary Orderly Officer, J.B. Morrison
 
a very perfunctory way. I was Supernumerary Orderly Officer, J.B. Morrison
Line 1,396: Line 1,396:
 
a conscientious cove, although it may have been partly for my benefit. I read
 
a conscientious cove, although it may have been partly for my benefit. I read
 
most of the afternoon, and had to spend from <st1:time Hour="20" Minute="0">8
 
most of the afternoon, and had to spend from <st1:time Hour="20" Minute="0">8
  p.m.</st1:time> onward in the orderly room.</p>
+
  p.m.</st1:time> onward in the orderly room.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>04 Apr 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>04 Apr 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Church parade at <st1:time
+
<br><br>            Church parade at <st1:time
 
Minute="20" Hour="8">8:20</st1:time>. Mr. Bain again: he covered a large field
 
Minute="20" Hour="8">8:20</st1:time>. Mr. Bain again: he covered a large field
 
in his sermon, from Homer upwards. After dinner at 21, to which place I am half
 
in his sermon, from Homer upwards. After dinner at 21, to which place I am half
 
thinking of not going back, we went to Biddenham - Capt. Ritson, Mr. Mortimer,
 
thinking of not going back, we went to Biddenham - Capt. Ritson, Mr. Mortimer,
 
George and I and had 18 holes. Ritson and I lost by one hole, a very close
 
George and I and had 18 holes. Ritson and I lost by one hole, a very close
match and very enjoyable. George was in good form. A perfect evening. </p>
+
match and very enjoyable. George was in good form. A perfect evening.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>We all had tea and supper
+
<br><br>            We all had tea and supper
 
in 26. George waited till roll-call. I am very sorry for him, he seems so sick
 
in 26. George waited till roll-call. I am very sorry for him, he seems so sick
 
of 21, where the gramophone is never quiet, unless it's to give the piano a
 
of 21, where the gramophone is never quiet, unless it's to give the piano a
chance.</p>
+
chance.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>05 Apr 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>05 Apr 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Divisional sports, and
+
<br><br>            Divisional sports, and
 
thank goodness a fair and mild, if not a brilliant day. The sports were in the
 
thank goodness a fair and mild, if not a brilliant day. The sports were in the
 
Grammar School grounds and attracted a huge crowd. The crowd, as far as
 
Grammar School grounds and attracted a huge crowd. The crowd, as far as
Line 1,422: Line 1,422:
 
had second place, 21 points to 43 of the 8th Argyles. The latter carried off
 
had second place, 21 points to 43 of the 8th Argyles. The latter carried off
 
most of the heavy events. The dancing was a treat but the presence of three or
 
most of the heavy events. The dancing was a treat but the presence of three or
4 professionals knocked all the amateurs out. </p>
+
4 professionals knocked all the amateurs out.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>After mess sat in the
+
<br><br>            After mess sat in the
 
billet where Mr. and Mrs. Ritson, Mrs. Mortimer and her rather pretty niece
 
billet where Mr. and Mrs. Ritson, Mrs. Mortimer and her rather pretty niece
Miss Monk had foregathered.</p>
+
Miss Monk had foregathered.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>06 Apr 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>06 Apr 15</b>
  
 
<br><br>Divisional exercise today and a most disagreeable day at that. We marched
 
<br><br>Divisional exercise today and a most disagreeable day at that. We marched
Line 1,438: Line 1,438:
 
a premature assault which they made. As it was we were in a salient and would
 
a premature assault which they made. As it was we were in a salient and would
 
have been enfiladed, but thought the movement was general. I must be more
 
have been enfiladed, but thought the movement was general. I must be more
careful in future. </p>
+
careful in future.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>&quot;B&quot; Coy's concert
+
<br><br>            &quot;B&quot; Coy's concert
 
is on tonight, but I was told off for Brigade Inlying Picquet in Albert
 
is on tonight, but I was told off for Brigade Inlying Picquet in Albert
 
Terrace. After several attempts to quieten them the men have at last subsided
 
Terrace. After several attempts to quieten them the men have at last subsided
 
and quietness reigns. I suspect they have been throwing lemonade bottles
 
and quietness reigns. I suspect they have been throwing lemonade bottles
 
through the (closed) windows, but am not certain. I have just had to speak
 
through the (closed) windows, but am not certain. I have just had to speak
pretty plainly to some of them.</p>
+
pretty plainly to some of them.
  
<br><br>&nbsp;</p>
+
<br><br>&nbsp;
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>GOLSPIE<o:p></o:p></span></u></b></p>
+
<center><b><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>GOLSPIE</u></b>
  
 
<br><br><i>JBC spent the next few weeks at Golspie with the 2/5 Seaforth, during
 
<br><br><i>JBC spent the next few weeks at Golspie with the 2/5 Seaforth, during
which time he made only one entry in the diary.<o:p></o:p></i></p>
+
which time he made only one entry in the diary.</i>
  
 
<br><br><i>On 11 Apr 15 the </i><st1:place><i>Highland</i></st1:place><i> Division
 
<br><br><i>On 11 Apr 15 the </i><st1:place><i>Highland</i></st1:place><i> Division
Line 1,458: Line 1,458:
 
It arrived in </i><st1:country-region><st1:place><i>France</i></st1:place></st1:country-region><i>
 
It arrived in </i><st1:country-region><st1:place><i>France</i></st1:place></st1:country-region><i>
 
on 1 May 15 and shortly afterwards was retitled 51<sup>st</sup> (</i><st1:place><i>Highland</i></st1:place><i>)
 
on 1 May 15 and shortly afterwards was retitled 51<sup>st</sup> (</i><st1:place><i>Highland</i></st1:place><i>)
Division with the brigade became 152<sup>nd</sup> Brigade.<o:p></o:p></i></p>
+
Division with the brigade became 152<sup>nd</sup> Brigade.</i>
  
<br><br><i>Jim Miller was wounded by shellfire on 19 May and evacuated to </i><st1:country-region><st1:place><i>UK</i></st1:place></st1:country-region><i>.<o:p></o:p></i></p>
+
<br><br><i>Jim Miller was wounded by shellfire on 19 May and evacuated to </i><st1:country-region><st1:place><i>UK</i></st1:place></st1:country-region><i>.</i>
  
 
<br><br><i>On 15 Jun 'C' Company, led by Capt Joe Robertson, took part in an attack
 
<br><br><i>On 15 Jun 'C' Company, led by Capt Joe Robertson, took part in an attack
Line 1,467: Line 1,467:
 
wounded. Among the dead were Sgt Ian M'Millan, Pte George Alexander and 2/Lt
 
wounded. Among the dead were Sgt Ian M'Millan, Pte George Alexander and 2/Lt
 
Donnie Dunnet. Capt Joe Robertson, Capt Joseph Ritson and Lt W A M'Donald were
 
Donnie Dunnet. Capt Joe Robertson, Capt Joseph Ritson and Lt W A M'Donald were
among the wounded. <o:p></o:p></i></p>
+
among the wounded. </i>
  
 
<br><br><i>Sergt-Maj Sutherland and three others won the Distinguished Conduct Medal
 
<br><br><i>Sergt-Maj Sutherland and three others won the Distinguished Conduct Medal
bringing in the wounded under fire. <o:p></o:p></i></p>
+
bringing in the wounded under fire. </i>
  
<br><br><i>JBC's diary for 15 Jun simply says</i> 'Battle of Festubert'</p>
+
<br><br><i>JBC's diary for 15 Jun simply says</i> 'Battle of Festubert'
  
<br><br><i>Shortly after Festubert JBC's mother received the following letter:<o:p></o:p></i></p>
+
<br><br><i>Shortly after Festubert JBC's mother received the following letter:</i>
  
<br><br>__________________________________________________________________________</p>
+
<br><br>__________________________________________________________________________
  
<br><br><u>Private<o:p></o:p></u></p>
+
<br><br><u>Private</u>
  
<p style='margin-left:8.0in'>3472 &quot;C&quot; Coy</p>
+
<p style='margin-left:8.0in'>3472 &quot;C&quot; Coy
  
<p style='margin-left:8.0in'>1<sup>st</sup> 5<sup>th</sup> Sea Hdrs</p>
+
<p style='margin-left:8.0in'>1<sup>st</sup> 5<sup>th</sup> Sea Hdrs
  
<p style='margin-left:8.0in'>152<sup>nd</sup> Infantry Brig</p>
+
<p style='margin-left:8.0in'>152<sup>nd</sup> Infantry Brig
  
 
<p style='margin-left:8.0in'>51<sup>st</sup> (<st1:place>Highland</st1:place>)
 
<p style='margin-left:8.0in'>51<sup>st</sup> (<st1:place>Highland</st1:place>)
Division</p>
+
Division
  
<p style='margin-left:8.0in'>B. E. France</p>
+
<p style='margin-left:8.0in'>B. E. France
  
<br><br>Friday 25 June</p>
+
<br><br>Friday 25 June
  
<br><br>Dear Mrs Cairnie,</p>
+
<br><br>Dear Mrs Cairnie,
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:2'>                        </span></p>
+
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:2'>                         
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:2'>                        </span>You all must
+
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:2'>                        You all must
 
have got a great shock when the news of our casualties reached Thurso &amp;
 
have got a great shock when the news of our casualties reached Thurso &amp;
 
especially when you heard of the loss of the two boys you know <u>so</u> well,
 
especially when you heard of the loss of the two boys you know <u>so</u> well,
 
I can well understand your feelings but I know one gets a great comfort in the
 
I can well understand your feelings but I know one gets a great comfort in the
knowledge that they have died the most noble and honourable deaths.</p>
+
knowledge that they have died the most noble and honourable deaths.
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Thurso &amp; Wick have
+
<br><br>            Thurso &amp; Wick have
 
suffered heavily as a result of the charge which shall never be forgot by any
 
suffered heavily as a result of the charge which shall never be forgot by any
of the survivors.</p>
+
of the survivors.
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Your parcel for poor George
+
<br><br>            Your parcel for poor George
 
came here the other day and was handed to me &amp; I saw by the card that I was
 
came here the other day and was handed to me &amp; I saw by the card that I was
 
meant to share it, I shared with several of the other boys here &amp; let them
 
meant to share it, I shared with several of the other boys here &amp; let them
know who it was for &amp; who it was from.</p>
+
know who it was for &amp; who it was from.
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>I wrote a short note to
+
<br><br>            I wrote a short note to
 
Bruce the other day, poor Bruce will feel it terribly as George was always
 
Bruce the other day, poor Bruce will feel it terribly as George was always
 
speaking about him &amp; the rare times they used to have together especially <s>in</s>
 
speaking about him &amp; the rare times they used to have together especially <s>in</s>
 
camp at Reay &amp; I always knew by the way he spoke that they were the best of
 
camp at Reay &amp; I always knew by the way he spoke that they were the best of
 
chums. I remember him say not very long ago that he was glad Bruce was not out
 
chums. I remember him say not very long ago that he was glad Bruce was not out
here.</p>
+
here.
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>I'm not to <s>say</s> give
+
<br><br>            I'm not to <s>say</s> give
 
any of the details of the attack as I've begun to hate speaking about it, one
 
any of the details of the attack as I've begun to hate speaking about it, one
 
does not realise what chums really are till after they are gone beyond one's
 
does not realise what chums really are till after they are gone beyond one's
reach.</p>
+
reach.
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Nothing more at present, hoping
+
<br><br>            Nothing more at present, hoping
this finds everyone in Thurso in good health.</p>
+
this finds everyone in Thurso in good health.
  
<br><br>&nbsp;</p>
+
<br><br>&nbsp;
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:2'>                        </span>Believe me,</p>
+
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:2'>                        Believe me,
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:3'>                                    </span>yours
+
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:3'>                                    yours
sincerely,</p>
+
sincerely,
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:4'>                                                </span>Andrew
+
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:4'>                                                Andrew
B Sinclair </p>
+
B Sinclair  
  
<br><br>___________________________________________________________________________</p>
+
<br><br>___________________________________________________________________________
  
<br><br>&nbsp;</p>
+
<br><br>&nbsp;
  
<br><br>&nbsp;</p>
+
<br><br>&nbsp;
  
<br><br>&nbsp;</p>
+
<br><br>&nbsp;
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>TO
+
<center><b><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>TO
</span></u></b><st1:country-region><st1:place><b><u><span style='font-size:
+
</u></b><st1:country-region><st1:place><b><u><span style='font-size:
   13.5pt'>FRANCE</span></u></b></st1:place></st1:country-region><b><u><span
+
   13.5pt'>FRANCE</u></b></st1:place></st1:country-region><b><u><span
style='font-size:13.5pt'><o:p></o:p></span></u></b></p>
+
style='font-size:13.5pt'></u></b>
  
 
<br><br><i>After the shock of </i><st1:date Month="6" Day="15" Year="1915"><i>15 Jun
 
<br><br><i>After the shock of </i><st1:date Month="6" Day="15" Year="1915"><i>15 Jun
 
  1915</i></st1:date><i>, 1/5 Seaforth remained in the front line until the 25<sup>th</sup>
 
  1915</i></st1:date><i>, 1/5 Seaforth remained in the front line until the 25<sup>th</sup>
when they moved to rest billets at La Gorgue (about20Km east of </i><st1:City><st1:place><i>Lille</i></st1:place></st1:City><i>).<o:p></o:p></i></p>
+
when they moved to rest billets at La Gorgue (about20Km east of </i><st1:City><st1:place><i>Lille</i></st1:place></st1:City><i>).</i>
  
 
<br><br><i>The need to replace battle casualties and the increasing numbers of
 
<br><br><i>The need to replace battle casualties and the increasing numbers of
Line 1,558: Line 1,558:
 
sent out from the 2/5<sup>th</sup> at Golspie. After a farewell dinner in the
 
sent out from the 2/5<sup>th</sup> at Golspie. After a farewell dinner in the
 
Sutherland Arms Hotel, Brora on the evening of 23 Jun 15 JBC left for </i><st1:country-region><st1:place><i>France</i></st1:place></st1:country-region><i>
 
Sutherland Arms Hotel, Brora on the evening of 23 Jun 15 JBC left for </i><st1:country-region><st1:place><i>France</i></st1:place></st1:country-region><i>
the next day.<o:p></o:p></i></p>
+
the next day.</i>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>JUNE
+
<center><b><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>JUNE
1915<o:p></o:p></span></b></p>
+
1915</b>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><st1:date Month="6" Day="24"
+
<center><st1:date Month="6" Day="24"
Year="2015"><b>24-Jun-15</b></st1:date><b><o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
Year="2015"><b>24-Jun-15</b></st1:date><b></b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Barnetson
+
<br><br>            Barnetson
 
and I left Golspie at <st1:time Hour="6" Minute="30">6:30 a.m.</st1:time> Had a
 
and I left Golspie at <st1:time Hour="6" Minute="30">6:30 a.m.</st1:time> Had a
 
grand send off, all the officers and men of the battalion coming to the station
 
grand send off, all the officers and men of the battalion coming to the station
Line 1,573: Line 1,573:
 
including Bob and Bessie. Left at <st1:time Minute="50" Hour="10">10:50</st1:time>
 
including Bob and Bessie. Left at <st1:time Minute="50" Hour="10">10:50</st1:time>
 
for <st1:City><st1:place>London</st1:place></st1:City>, having picked up
 
for <st1:City><st1:place>London</st1:place></st1:City>, having picked up
Sutherland.</p>
+
Sutherland.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><st1:date Month="6" Day="25"
+
<center><st1:date Month="6" Day="25"
Year="2015"><b>25-Jun-15</b></st1:date><b><o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
Year="2015"><b>25-Jun-15</b></st1:date><b></b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Breakfasted
+
<br><br>            Breakfasted
 
at the Strand Palace Hotel and after being photographed, at <st1:City><st1:place>Lafayette</st1:place></st1:City>&#8217;s,
 
at the Strand Palace Hotel and after being photographed, at <st1:City><st1:place>Lafayette</st1:place></st1:City>&#8217;s,
 
went and met Vane at Piccadilly. He is looking much better after his
 
went and met Vane at Piccadilly. He is looking much better after his
Line 1,585: Line 1,585:
 
officers. Left Waterloo <st1:time Hour="14" Minute="55">2:55 p.m.</st1:time>,
 
officers. Left Waterloo <st1:time Hour="14" Minute="55">2:55 p.m.</st1:time>,
 
and feeling in very good spirits all of us, but I think the women who are left
 
and feeling in very good spirits all of us, but I think the women who are left
behind are bravest of all. </p>
+
behind are bravest of all.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Arrived <st1:place>Southampton</st1:place>
+
<br><br>            Arrived <st1:place>Southampton</st1:place>
 
about <st1:time Hour="18" Minute="0">6 p.m.</st1:time> and got our business
 
about <st1:time Hour="18" Minute="0">6 p.m.</st1:time> and got our business
 
done. Leaving tonight late by the Harve packet. A number of civilians crossing
 
done. Leaving tonight late by the Harve packet. A number of civilians crossing
too.</p>
+
too.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><st1:date Month="6" Day="26"
+
<center><st1:date Month="6" Day="26"
Year="2015"><b>26-Jun-15</b></st1:date><b><o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
Year="2015"><b>26-Jun-15</b></st1:date><b></b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>On
+
<br><br>            On
 
deck shortly before <st1:time Minute="0" Hour="8">8 a.m.</st1:time> No land in
 
deck shortly before <st1:time Minute="0" Hour="8">8 a.m.</st1:time> No land in
 
sight, but fine breezy sunny morning. Had breakfast and before we were finished
 
sight, but fine breezy sunny morning. Had breakfast and before we were finished
we were inside Harve harbour. </p>
+
we were inside Harve harbour.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Char-a-banc up to the Base
+
<br><br>            Char-a-banc up to the Base
 
Office from which we received orders to proceed <st1:City><st1:place>Rouen</st1:place></st1:City>
 
Office from which we received orders to proceed <st1:City><st1:place>Rouen</st1:place></st1:City>
 
same afternoon. Had a very enjoyable journey, not much sign of war here, but on
 
same afternoon. Had a very enjoyable journey, not much sign of war here, but on
 
the quays were piles of barbed wire and large numbers of transport waggons
 
the quays were piles of barbed wire and large numbers of transport waggons
parked. </p>
+
parked.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Arrived <st1:City><st1:place>Rouen</st1:place></st1:City>
+
<br><br>            Arrived <st1:City><st1:place>Rouen</st1:place></st1:City>
 
about <st1:time Hour="17" Minute="30">5:30 p.m.</st1:time> and after some
 
about <st1:time Hour="17" Minute="30">5:30 p.m.</st1:time> and after some
 
difficulty found our way to the Hotel Angleterre where we found Nicolson and
 
difficulty found our way to the Hotel Angleterre where we found Nicolson and
 
Paterson eating strawberries. Later went out to the Base Depot where we are to
 
Paterson eating strawberries. Later went out to the Base Depot where we are to
billet until further orders - in canvas shacks.</p>
+
billet until further orders - in canvas shacks.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><st1:date Month="6" Day="27"
+
<center><st1:date Month="6" Day="27"
Year="2015"><b>27-Jun-15</b></st1:date><b><o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
Year="2015"><b>27-Jun-15</b></st1:date><b></b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>This
+
<br><br>            This
 
being Sunday there way nothing very much doing in the way of drill. We went
 
being Sunday there way nothing very much doing in the way of drill. We went
 
down to the town and wandered through the streets, visiting the market which
 
down to the town and wandered through the streets, visiting the market which
Line 1,624: Line 1,624:
 
attitudes. Had a decent dinner at a restaurant: Hamish inclined to get a bit
 
attitudes. Had a decent dinner at a restaurant: Hamish inclined to get a bit
 
uproarious. Nearly all the shops were shut. Sat in a café on the river front
 
uproarious. Nearly all the shops were shut. Sat in a café on the river front
for a bit and then took the car out to the camp.</p>
+
for a bit and then took the car out to the camp.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><st1:date Month="6" Day="28"
+
<center><st1:date Month="6" Day="28"
Year="2015"><b>28-Jun-15</b></st1:date><b><o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
Year="2015"><b>28-Jun-15</b></st1:date><b></b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>After
+
<br><br>            After
 
breakfast we walked up to the pine wood about a mile along the road for a
 
breakfast we walked up to the pine wood about a mile along the road for a
 
lecture by a young Captain who has evidently been out all winter. On the road,
 
lecture by a young Captain who has evidently been out all winter. On the road,
Line 1,635: Line 1,635:
 
were being drilled. The infantry were in some cases drafts newly come out, in
 
were being drilled. The infantry were in some cases drafts newly come out, in
 
others details, sick, etc. They were fairly getting it rubbed in and smartened
 
others details, sick, etc. They were fairly getting it rubbed in and smartened
up, but it was only for a few hours in the day. </p>
+
up, but it was only for a few hours in the day.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>In the evening we went down
+
<br><br>            In the evening we went down
 
to <st1:City><st1:place>Rouen</st1:place></st1:City>, Finnie playing football
 
to <st1:City><st1:place>Rouen</st1:place></st1:City>, Finnie playing football
 
on the way and generally conducting himself like a young child. Barney and he
 
on the way and generally conducting himself like a young child. Barney and he
Line 1,644: Line 1,644:
 
hill on the South? side of the town. It rises almost perpendicularly from the
 
hill on the South? side of the town. It rises almost perpendicularly from the
 
side of the river, of which and all the surrounding country especially to the
 
side of the river, of which and all the surrounding country especially to the
West it commands a magnificent view.</p>
+
West it commands a magnificent view.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><st1:date Month="6" Day="29"
+
<center><st1:date Month="6" Day="29"
Year="2015"><b>29-Jun-15</b></st1:date><b><o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
Year="2015"><b>29-Jun-15</b></st1:date><b></b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>The
+
<br><br>            The
 
same programme today as yesterday but it came on rain so we returned to camp,
 
same programme today as yesterday but it came on rain so we returned to camp,
 
when it cleared up. Harry Lauder's son has joined the camp. In the afternoon we
 
when it cleared up. Harry Lauder's son has joined the camp. In the afternoon we
Line 1,659: Line 1,659:
 
news that we are for the road tomorrow. So we had what we thought was to be our
 
news that we are for the road tomorrow. So we had what we thought was to be our
 
last civilised dinner - nothing now but bully beef and biscuits - and celebrated
 
last civilised dinner - nothing now but bully beef and biscuits - and celebrated
the occasion by having a good feed.</p>
+
the occasion by having a good feed.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><st1:date Month="6" Day="30"
+
<center><st1:date Month="6" Day="30"
Year="2015"><b>30-Jun-15</b></st1:date><b><o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
Year="2015"><b>30-Jun-15</b></st1:date><b></b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Packed
+
<br><br>            Packed
 
up our stuff, and drew web equipment, etc. from the QM Stores. Left camp at <st1:time
 
up our stuff, and drew web equipment, etc. from the QM Stores. Left camp at <st1:time
 
Minute="0" Hour="17">5 p.m.</st1:time> The train left at <st1:time Hour="19"
 
Minute="0" Hour="17">5 p.m.</st1:time> The train left at <st1:time Hour="19"
 
Minute="45">7:45 p.m.</st1:time> On board are several drafts of men and a good
 
Minute="45">7:45 p.m.</st1:time> On board are several drafts of men and a good
 
number of officers. Had a fine view of <st1:City><st1:place>Rouen</st1:place></st1:City>
 
number of officers. Had a fine view of <st1:City><st1:place>Rouen</st1:place></st1:City>
when crossing the railway bridge, with the sunset in the background.</p>
+
when crossing the railway bridge, with the sunset in the background.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>JULY
+
<center><b><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>JULY
1915<o:p></o:p></span></b></p>
+
1915</b>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><st1:date Month="7" Day="1"
+
<center><st1:date Month="7" Day="1"
Year="2015"><b>01-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b><o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
Year="2015"><b>01-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b></b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span><s>Didn't
+
<br><br>            <s>Didn't
 
sleep very well last night, probably because of certain amount of une</s> Slept
 
sleep very well last night, probably because of certain amount of une</s> Slept
 
from <st1:time Minute="0" Hour="22">10</st1:time> to <st1:time Minute="0"
 
from <st1:time Minute="0" Hour="22">10</st1:time> to <st1:time Minute="0"
 
Hour="8">8 a.m.</st1:time> although the train was jolting and bumping at a
 
Hour="8">8 a.m.</st1:time> although the train was jolting and bumping at a
 
fearful rate. We got into Bethune in the afternoon and later detrained at La
 
fearful rate. We got into Bethune in the afternoon and later detrained at La
Gorgue. </p>
+
Gorgue.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Major Morrison met us three
+
<br><br>            Major Morrison met us three
 
and conducted us to the transport train where we were entertained to tea by
 
and conducted us to the transport train where we were entertained to tea by
 
Major Sinclair and James Willie - under the greenwood tree. I was surprised to see
 
Major Sinclair and James Willie - under the greenwood tree. I was surprised to see
Line 1,692: Line 1,692:
 
some of Bedfordshire, but the crops are getting pretty high and make the
 
some of Bedfordshire, but the crops are getting pretty high and make the
 
country even more difficult. We went on later to the 'Reserve Trenches' in Rue
 
country even more difficult. We went on later to the 'Reserve Trenches' in Rue
Baceanot.</p>
+
Baceanot.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><st1:date Month="7" Day="2"
+
<center><st1:date Month="7" Day="2"
Year="2015"><b>02-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b><o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
Year="2015"><b>02-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b></b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Breakfast
+
<br><br>            Breakfast
 
at 8. The men are up at <st1:time Hour="17" Minute="30">5:30</st1:time> but no
 
at 8. The men are up at <st1:time Hour="17" Minute="30">5:30</st1:time> but no
 
parades are held. Rifle inspection at <st1:time Minute="30" Hour="9">9:30</st1:time>.
 
parades are held. Rifle inspection at <st1:time Minute="30" Hour="9">9:30</st1:time>.
Line 1,704: Line 1,704:
 
latter very well. Went over to 'C' Coy in the forenoon and found Addie,
 
latter very well. Went over to 'C' Coy in the forenoon and found Addie,
 
Deuchart and the rest wonderfully hearty. We had a tea party in honour of the
 
Deuchart and the rest wonderfully hearty. We had a tea party in honour of the
Major's birthday, although I think he supplied most of the eatables. </p>
+
Major's birthday, although I think he supplied most of the eatables.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Before tea I went up to the
+
<br><br>            Before tea I went up to the
 
firing line and had the first experience of being near shrapnel. Up there it is
 
firing line and had the first experience of being near shrapnel. Up there it is
 
very quiet and everybody is very comfortable. The trench is of the nature of a
 
very quiet and everybody is very comfortable. The trench is of the nature of a
 
redoubt, built of sandbags, over which it is almost certain death to stick your
 
redoubt, built of sandbags, over which it is almost certain death to stick your
 
head in daylight. The enemy snipers are very good. I found Adam very happy, in
 
head in daylight. The enemy snipers are very good. I found Adam very happy, in
one of the dug-outs.</p>
+
one of the dug-outs.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>IN
+
<center><b><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>IN
THE TRENCHES<o:p></o:p></span></u></b></p>
+
THE TRENCHES</u></b>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><st1:date Month="7" Day="3"
+
<center><st1:date Month="7" Day="3"
Year="2015"><b>03-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b><o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
Year="2015"><b>03-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b></b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Some
+
<br><br>            Some
 
of our batteries were going it strong last night although there was little
 
of our batteries were going it strong last night although there was little
 
reply to them. They kept us awake a bit. Went up to the fire trench with Major
 
reply to them. They kept us awake a bit. Went up to the fire trench with Major
Line 1,734: Line 1,734:
 
we did after dusk and I got my platoon in without difficulty, but of course
 
we did after dusk and I got my platoon in without difficulty, but of course
 
this part is very easy indeed to relieve. We took over and No. 4 Platoon was
 
this part is very easy indeed to relieve. We took over and No. 4 Platoon was
told off to the reserve trenches.</p>
+
told off to the reserve trenches.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><st1:date Month="7" Day="4"
+
<center><st1:date Month="7" Day="4"
Year="2015"><b>04-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b><o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
Year="2015"><b>04-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b></b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>No.
+
<br><br>            No.
 
4 had to furnish visiting patrols and listening patrol as well. I was rather
 
4 had to furnish visiting patrols and listening patrol as well. I was rather
 
afraid of the latter but found it quite a simple affair as we didn't go out
 
afraid of the latter but found it quite a simple affair as we didn't go out
Line 1,746: Line 1,746:
 
Minute="0">3 a.m.</st1:time> and slept till six. After breakfast wrote a few
 
Minute="0">3 a.m.</st1:time> and slept till six. After breakfast wrote a few
 
letters and Adam came along to my dug-out. Am very comfortable. Wrote home in
 
letters and Adam came along to my dug-out. Am very comfortable. Wrote home in
the afternoon and slept a bit.</p>
+
the afternoon and slept a bit.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><st1:date Month="7" Day="5"
+
<center><st1:date Month="7" Day="5"
Year="2015"><b>05-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b><o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
Year="2015"><b>05-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b></b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Quite
+
<br><br>            Quite
 
a quiet day and little doing. Explored the ground just in front of the Sally
 
a quiet day and little doing. Explored the ground just in front of the Sally
 
Port for a sniping post along with Major M'Millan. It is a great thing to be
 
Port for a sniping post along with Major M'Millan. It is a great thing to be
Line 1,757: Line 1,757:
 
evening. It promises to be more exciting work. Stayed in Z until after
 
evening. It promises to be more exciting work. Stayed in Z until after
 
stand-to. Nothing much doing. There are 16 Argyle bomb-throwers in Z as well as
 
stand-to. Nothing much doing. There are 16 Argyle bomb-throwers in Z as well as
two sections of my own.</p>
+
two sections of my own.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><st1:date Month="7" Day="6"
+
<center><st1:date Month="7" Day="6"
Year="2015"><b>06-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b><o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
Year="2015"><b>06-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b></b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>A
+
<br><br>            A
 
fine morning. Had to wait on after stand-to (<st1:time Hour="3" Minute="0">3 a.m.</st1:time>)
 
fine morning. Had to wait on after stand-to (<st1:time Hour="3" Minute="0">3 a.m.</st1:time>)
 
in case the Briggie comes along. Shaved, breakfasted and to bed. The redoubts
 
in case the Briggie comes along. Shaved, breakfasted and to bed. The redoubts
Line 1,772: Line 1,772:
 
yards but the splints sang and hummed overhead. I got one wee bit on the leg
 
yards but the splints sang and hummed overhead. I got one wee bit on the leg
 
but only a scratch. It is shrapnel that plays the mischief as regards
 
but only a scratch. It is shrapnel that plays the mischief as regards
splinters. </p>
+
splinters.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>At night again the fun
+
<br><br>            At night again the fun
 
started but Y got it worst. I don't know how they hadn't some casualties.
 
started but Y got it worst. I don't know how they hadn't some casualties.
 
Fortunately a lot of the shells didn't explode - duds. Later the Bosches
 
Fortunately a lot of the shells didn't explode - duds. Later the Bosches
Line 1,781: Line 1,781:
 
nerve to put my head above the parapet. The Argyles who were with us were a
 
nerve to put my head above the parapet. The Argyles who were with us were a
 
great asset. Donnie Morrison is a very useful and willing man. I'm glad to have
 
great asset. Donnie Morrison is a very useful and willing man. I'm glad to have
him.</p>
+
him.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><st1:date Month="7" Day="7"
+
<center><st1:date Month="7" Day="7"
Year="2015"><b>07-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b><o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
Year="2015"><b>07-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b></b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Stayed
+
<br><br>            Stayed
 
in Z Redoubt until after <st1:time Hour="7" Minute="0">seven a.m.</st1:time>
 
in Z Redoubt until after <st1:time Hour="7" Minute="0">seven a.m.</st1:time>
 
when I came down to HQ and got shaved. It was a pretty quiet day as far as the
 
when I came down to HQ and got shaved. It was a pretty quiet day as far as the
Line 1,793: Line 1,793:
 
line but no damage was done. Finlayson took over the redoubts at <st1:time
 
line but no damage was done. Finlayson took over the redoubts at <st1:time
 
Hour="20" Minute="30">8:30 p.m.</st1:time> and I moved<span style='font-family:
 
Hour="20" Minute="30">8:30 p.m.</st1:time> and I moved<span style='font-family:
Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>  </span></span>my platoon down to the
+
Times'>  my platoon down to the
 
parapet opposite HQ. Am now fine and near the dug-out and more in the centre of
 
parapet opposite HQ. Am now fine and near the dug-out and more in the centre of
 
things. Turned in at <st1:time Minute="30" Hour="23">11:30 p.m.</st1:time> so
 
things. Turned in at <st1:time Minute="30" Hour="23">11:30 p.m.</st1:time> so
 
as to be able to relieve Finlayson at <st1:time Minute="0" Hour="3">3 a.m.</st1:time>
 
as to be able to relieve Finlayson at <st1:time Minute="0" Hour="3">3 a.m.</st1:time>
 
I hear there was pretty heavy firing after I went to bed but never a thing did
 
I hear there was pretty heavy firing after I went to bed but never a thing did
I hear.</p>
+
I hear.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><st1:date Month="7" Day="8"
+
<center><st1:date Month="7" Day="8"
Year="2015"><b>08-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b><o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
Year="2015"><b>08-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b></b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Finlayson
+
<br><br>            Finlayson
 
called me at <st1:time Hour="3" Minute="0">3 a.m.</st1:time> but as things were
 
called me at <st1:time Hour="3" Minute="0">3 a.m.</st1:time> but as things were
 
quiet I didn't get up till after 4. Went round the redoubts, shaved and had
 
quiet I didn't get up till after 4. Went round the redoubts, shaved and had
Line 1,810: Line 1,810:
 
have been an accident by a couple of Argyle snipers behind, but as another two
 
have been an accident by a couple of Argyle snipers behind, but as another two
 
bullets have come into same spot, I am pretty sure it is a German sniper. We
 
bullets have come into same spot, I am pretty sure it is a German sniper. We
hunted round behind for him unsuccessfully, but they are devilishly cunning. </p>
+
hunted round behind for him unsuccessfully, but they are devilishly cunning.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Slept in the afternoon, censored
+
<br><br>            Slept in the afternoon, censored
 
some letters and went along the line to see Addie. I never feel as sad as when
 
some letters and went along the line to see Addie. I never feel as sad as when
 
I see poor old Addie's face. I believe 'C' would put up a desperate fight but
 
I see poor old Addie's face. I believe 'C' would put up a desperate fight but
their spirit is clean gone at present. </p>
+
their spirit is clean gone at present.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Went out on reconnoitring
+
<br><br>            Went out on reconnoitring
 
patrol about <st1:time Minute="0" Hour="11">11 a.m.</st1:time> with Sgt J
 
patrol about <st1:time Minute="0" Hour="11">11 a.m.</st1:time> with Sgt J
 
Fraser and a man. Were out for at least an hour and a half but didn't see or
 
Fraser and a man. Were out for at least an hour and a half but didn't see or
Line 1,824: Line 1,824:
 
Minute="20" Hour="1">1:20 a.m.</st1:time> The Germans have been sending over
 
Minute="20" Hour="1">1:20 a.m.</st1:time> The Germans have been sending over
 
some big shells today and trench mortars. They are getting onto our new
 
some big shells today and trench mortars. They are getting onto our new
communication trench.</p>
+
communication trench.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><st1:date Month="7" Day="9"
+
<center><st1:date Month="7" Day="9"
Year="2015"><b>09-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b><o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
Year="2015"><b>09-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b></b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Wakened
+
<br><br>            Wakened
 
by Finlayson at <st1:time Minute="0" Hour="3">3 a.m.</st1:time> All quiet. Some
 
by Finlayson at <st1:time Minute="0" Hour="3">3 a.m.</st1:time> All quiet. Some
 
trench mortars came over about breakfast time but did no damage. Lay in a
 
trench mortars came over about breakfast time but did no damage. Lay in a
Line 1,835: Line 1,835:
 
would come out, but no luck. Shells began to come over so we had to shift. Went
 
would come out, but no luck. Shells began to come over so we had to shift. Went
 
out with Finnie and C. Serg. Major Miller and got some shell fuses belonging
 
out with Finnie and C. Serg. Major Miller and got some shell fuses belonging
behind the lines. </p>
+
behind the lines.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Were relieved at <st1:time
+
<br><br>            Were relieved at <st1:time
 
Minute="30" Hour="9">9:30</st1:time> by incoming Bde. Nasty jamb getting men in
 
Minute="30" Hour="9">9:30</st1:time> by incoming Bde. Nasty jamb getting men in
 
as they had far more than us. If the Germans had sent over some well aimed
 
as they had far more than us. If the Germans had sent over some well aimed
Line 1,845: Line 1,845:
 
creep. The men got tea and were led to their billets. Then we got to ours and
 
creep. The men got tea and were led to their billets. Then we got to ours and
 
had a grand supper with fried eggs, etc. in the Café Aux Voyageurs. Turned in at
 
had a grand supper with fried eggs, etc. in the Café Aux Voyageurs. Turned in at
<st1:time Minute="0" Hour="13">1 p.m.</st1:time></p>
+
<st1:time Minute="0" Hour="13">1 p.m.</st1:time>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><st1:date Month="7" Day="10"
+
<center><st1:date Month="7" Day="10"
Year="2015"><b>10-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b><o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
Year="2015"><b>10-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b></b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Breakfast
+
<br><br>            Breakfast
 
about <st1:time Hour="8" Minute="0">8 a.m.</st1:time> - ham and eggs, sausages,
 
about <st1:time Hour="8" Minute="0">8 a.m.</st1:time> - ham and eggs, sausages,
 
tea, etc quite a good affair, with Steven D in attendance. Company parade at <st1:time
 
tea, etc quite a good affair, with Steven D in attendance. Company parade at <st1:time
Line 1,858: Line 1,858:
 
in the evening with little Willie. Rather colder today. A few shells falling
 
in the evening with little Willie. Rather colder today. A few shells falling
 
not far away, watched apathetically by the remaining inhabitants from their
 
not far away, watched apathetically by the remaining inhabitants from their
door-steps.</p>
+
door-steps.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><st1:date Month="7" Day="11"
+
<center><st1:date Month="7" Day="11"
Year="2015"><b>11-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b><o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
Year="2015"><b>11-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b></b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Nearly
+
<br><br>            Nearly
 
slept in. Had to attend bomb school at <st1:time Hour="9" Minute="0">9 a.m.</st1:time>
 
slept in. Had to attend bomb school at <st1:time Hour="9" Minute="0">9 a.m.</st1:time>
 
for a few days course, but found the instructor had also overslept. Rather old
 
for a few days course, but found the instructor had also overslept. Rather old
Line 1,870: Line 1,870:
 
Got home at <st1:time Minute="15" Hour="9">9:15</st1:time> and found letters
 
Got home at <st1:time Minute="15" Hour="9">9:15</st1:time> and found letters
 
and parcels, including a very nice letter from May and cakes, etc from home.
 
and parcels, including a very nice letter from May and cakes, etc from home.
Fags from DeCain [?]</p>
+
Fags from DeCain [?]
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><st1:date Month="7" Day="12"
+
<center><st1:date Month="7" Day="12"
Year="2015"><b>12-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b><o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
Year="2015"><b>12-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b></b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Went
+
<br><br>            Went
 
bombing this morning and threw some live Bethune bombs. Rather nervy work at
 
bombing this morning and threw some live Bethune bombs. Rather nervy work at
 
first. Slept and wrote May in the afternoon. Big pile of letter to censor.
 
first. Slept and wrote May in the afternoon. Big pile of letter to censor.
Black and Stalker arrived this afternoon Black to A Coy, Stalker to B.</p>
+
Black and Stalker arrived this afternoon Black to A Coy, Stalker to B.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><st1:date Month="7" Day="13"
+
<center><st1:date Month="7" Day="13"
Year="2015"><b>13-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b><o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
Year="2015"><b>13-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b></b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Put
+
<br><br>            Put
 
of a lot of rifle grenades - saw a display with trench mortars by Blake -
 
of a lot of rifle grenades - saw a display with trench mortars by Blake -
horrid affair.</p>
+
horrid affair.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><st1:date Month="7" Day="14"
+
<center><st1:date Month="7" Day="14"
Year="2015"><b>14-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b><o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
Year="2015"><b>14-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b></b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Took
+
<br><br>            Took
 
my platoon into Estaires for a bath and had one myself, along with Blackie.
 
my platoon into Estaires for a bath and had one myself, along with Blackie.
 
Fine clean feeling afterwards. This is the first hot bath the battalion has had
 
Fine clean feeling afterwards. This is the first hot bath the battalion has had
Line 1,901: Line 1,901:
 
Wonder we had no casualties - we are always lucky or is it cautious? Got back
 
Wonder we had no casualties - we are always lucky or is it cautious? Got back
 
about <st1:time Minute="0" Hour="3">3 a.m.</st1:time>, the latter part being
 
about <st1:time Minute="0" Hour="3">3 a.m.</st1:time>, the latter part being
dry.</p>
+
dry.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><st1:date Month="7" Day="15"
+
<center><st1:date Month="7" Day="15"
Year="2015"><b>15-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b><o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
Year="2015"><b>15-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b></b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Slept
+
<br><br>            Slept
 
till dinner time. Went up to relieve the 7th Gordons at night. Trenches seemed
 
till dinner time. Went up to relieve the 7th Gordons at night. Trenches seemed
 
very strange the first night, getting into them in almost inky darkness.
 
very strange the first night, getting into them in almost inky darkness.
 
Everyone stood to till dawn, as Major M'Millan believes in doing so the first
 
Everyone stood to till dawn, as Major M'Millan believes in doing so the first
night.</p>
+
night.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><st1:date Month="7" Day="16"
+
<center><st1:date Month="7" Day="16"
Year="2015"><b>16-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b><o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
Year="2015"><b>16-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b></b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Blank</p>
+
<br><br>            Blank
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><st1:date Month="7" Day="17"
+
<center><st1:date Month="7" Day="17"
Year="2015"><b>17-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b><o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
Year="2015"><b>17-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b></b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Blank</p>
+
<br><br>            Blank
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><st1:date Month="7" Day="18"
+
<center><st1:date Month="7" Day="18"
Year="2015"><b>18-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b><o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
Year="2015"><b>18-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b></b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Up
+
<br><br>            Up
 
at dawn - fine bright morning. Black and I slept spent most of the afternoon
 
at dawn - fine bright morning. Black and I slept spent most of the afternoon
 
potting at a German with the periscope rifle but didn't get him. I saw his head
 
potting at a German with the periscope rifle but didn't get him. I saw his head
 
and shoulders - my first German. Two or three times it struck me this was Sunday,
 
and shoulders - my first German. Two or three times it struck me this was Sunday,
 
but it was hard to remember. It's just like any other day, only the Germans
 
but it was hard to remember. It's just like any other day, only the Germans
usually send over a few more shells than usual. </p>
+
usually send over a few more shells than usual.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>In the evening, during
+
<br><br>            In the evening, during
 
Church time at home, I lay and 'imagined' the organ and service. We seem very
 
Church time at home, I lay and 'imagined' the organ and service. We seem very
near home.</p>
+
near home.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><st1:date Month="7" Day="19"
+
<center><st1:date Month="7" Day="19"
Year="2015"><b>19-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b><o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
Year="2015"><b>19-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b></b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Another
+
<br><br>            Another
 
grand day and just the usual routine of the trenches. Went out at night with
 
grand day and just the usual routine of the trenches. Went out at night with
 
L/Cpl Sinclair reconnoitering and was out for 2 hours, looking for disused
 
L/Cpl Sinclair reconnoitering and was out for 2 hours, looking for disused
 
trenches along our front. Got back about 12 and found the Major getting
 
trenches along our front. Got back about 12 and found the Major getting
anxious.</p>
+
anxious.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><st1:date Month="7" Day="20"
+
<center><st1:date Month="7" Day="20"
Year="2015"><b>20-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b><o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
Year="2015"><b>20-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b></b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Up
+
<br><br>            Up
 
at 3 and found Blackie waiting for me to make tea which we did. Grand morning.
 
at 3 and found Blackie waiting for me to make tea which we did. Grand morning.
 
After breakfast Finlayson and I took bearings for 3 fixed rifles to sweep roads
 
After breakfast Finlayson and I took bearings for 3 fixed rifles to sweep roads
 
behind German lines. Loopholes are to be built tonight. Both sides were very
 
behind German lines. Loopholes are to be built tonight. Both sides were very
 
quiet today, the Germans can be seen carrying long poles through their
 
quiet today, the Germans can be seen carrying long poles through their
trenches. </p>
+
trenches.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Went along to see 'C' Coy
+
<br><br>            Went along to see 'C' Coy
 
tonight. Addie in good form and more cheerful than usual. I hear from the
 
tonight. Addie in good form and more cheerful than usual. I hear from the
 
sergeants that George was simply splendid and willing to do anything. A lovely
 
sergeants that George was simply splendid and willing to do anything. A lovely
 
sunset tonight - great long fiery clouds stretching over the West and overhead
 
sunset tonight - great long fiery clouds stretching over the West and overhead
 
and giving everything a fine glow. Overhead several aeroplanes - they usually
 
and giving everything a fine glow. Overhead several aeroplanes - they usually
come at dawn or in the evening. Turned in about <st1:time Minute="30" Hour="10">10:30</st1:time>.</p>
+
come at dawn or in the evening. Turned in about <st1:time Minute="30" Hour="10">10:30</st1:time>.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><st1:date Month="7" Day="21"
+
<center><st1:date Month="7" Day="21"
Year="2015"><b>21-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b><o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
Year="2015"><b>21-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b></b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Blank</p>
+
<br><br>            Blank
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><st1:date Month="7" Day="22"
+
<center><st1:date Month="7" Day="22"
Year="2015"><b>22-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b><o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
Year="2015"><b>22-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b></b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>We
+
<br><br>            We
 
leave the trenches tonight so most of the day is spent in cleaning up, etc. It
 
leave the trenches tonight so most of the day is spent in cleaning up, etc. It
 
is always a wearisome day when we are going out as there is no outgoing mail
 
is always a wearisome day when we are going out as there is no outgoing mail
Line 1,980: Line 1,980:
 
Had to stand an hour and a half on the other side Laventie for D Coy which did
 
Had to stand an hour and a half on the other side Laventie for D Coy which did
 
not turn up even then. Were pretty well soaked. We are out this time without a
 
not turn up even then. Were pretty well soaked. We are out this time without a
single casualty in 'A' Coy.</p>
+
single casualty in 'A' Coy.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><st1:date Month="7" Day="23"
+
<center><st1:date Month="7" Day="23"
Year="2015"><b>23-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b><o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
Year="2015"><b>23-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b></b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Rose
+
<br><br>            Rose
 
and breakfasted about 12 <st1:time Minute="0" Hour="12">midday</st1:time>. Felt
 
and breakfasted about 12 <st1:time Minute="0" Hour="12">midday</st1:time>. Felt
 
rather washed out, as if I had been at a dance last night. Allan had a birthday
 
rather washed out, as if I had been at a dance last night. Allan had a birthday
 
party which was a great success, especially the smoking concert which followed.
 
party which was a great success, especially the smoking concert which followed.
Paterson and Dannie were in great form. A perfect, moonlight night.</p>
+
Paterson and Dannie were in great form. A perfect, moonlight night.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><st1:date Month="7" Day="24"
+
<center><st1:date Month="7" Day="24"
Year="2015"><b>24-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b><o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
Year="2015"><b>24-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b></b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Inspection
+
<br><br>            Inspection
 
by OC at <st1:time Minute="0" Hour="10">10 a.m.</st1:time> - rifle inspection.
 
by OC at <st1:time Minute="0" Hour="10">10 a.m.</st1:time> - rifle inspection.
 
He was in better cut today. Went into Merville after that and again after
 
He was in better cut today. Went into Merville after that and again after
 
dinner. Tried to get a bath but there are only 2 in the town and not
 
dinner. Tried to get a bath but there are only 2 in the town and not
 
accessible. The population wash in the river. Had champagne in the Hotel de
 
accessible. The population wash in the river. Had champagne in the Hotel de
Ville, to celebrate Barnetson's gazette.</p>
+
Ville, to celebrate Barnetson's gazette.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><st1:date Month="7" Day="25"
+
<center><st1:date Month="7" Day="25"
Year="2015"><b>25-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b><o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
Year="2015"><b>25-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b></b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Church
+
<br><br>            Church
 
Service at headquarters this forenoon. Rev. M'Farlane still hammering away at
 
Service at headquarters this forenoon. Rev. M'Farlane still hammering away at
 
the Kaiser: the sniping pretty rotten. Meeting of officers at Bde HQ in
 
the Kaiser: the sniping pretty rotten. Meeting of officers at Bde HQ in
Line 2,011: Line 2,011:
 
to find road to station and did so on the Major's nag. Went to bed at <st1:time
 
to find road to station and did so on the Major's nag. Went to bed at <st1:time
 
Hour="20" Minute="30">8:30 p.m.</st1:time>, at least lay down on it, and
 
Hour="20" Minute="30">8:30 p.m.</st1:time>, at least lay down on it, and
wakened at <st1:time Hour="8" Minute="30">8:30</st1:time> by Steven D.</p>
+
wakened at <st1:time Hour="8" Minute="30">8:30</st1:time> by Steven D.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>ON
+
<center><b><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>ON
THE </span></u></b><st1:place><b><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>SOMME</span></u></b></st1:place><b><u><span
+
THE </u></b><st1:place><b><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>SOMME</u></b></st1:place><b><u><span
style='font-size:13.5pt'><o:p></o:p></span></u></b></p>
+
style='font-size:13.5pt'></u></b>
  
 
<br><br><i>In mid July the 51<sup>st</sup> (</i><st1:place><i>Highland</i></st1:place><i>)
 
<br><br><i>In mid July the 51<sup>st</sup> (</i><st1:place><i>Highland</i></st1:place><i>)
Line 2,022: Line 2,022:
 
sector where the division could continue to train. 'Quiet' is relative, but in
 
sector where the division could continue to train. 'Quiet' is relative, but in
 
1915 the name '</i><st1:place><i>Somme</i></st1:place><i>' carried none of the
 
1915 the name '</i><st1:place><i>Somme</i></st1:place><i>' carried none of the
implications that it would gain after the battles of Jul - Nov 1916. <o:p></o:p></i></p>
+
implications that it would gain after the battles of Jul - Nov 1916. </i>
  
 
<br><br><i>The battalion remained in this area until late 1916, mostly occupying
 
<br><br><i>The battalion remained in this area until late 1916, mostly occupying
positions on the River Ancre just north of Albert.<o:p></o:p></i></p>
+
positions on the River Ancre just north of Albert.</i>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><st1:date Month="7" Day="26"
+
<center><st1:date Month="7" Day="26"
Year="2015"><b>26-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b><o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
Year="2015"><b>26-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b></b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Marched
+
<br><br>            Marched
 
to La Gorgue station, leaving Merville about <st1:time Minute="0" Hour="5">5
 
to La Gorgue station, leaving Merville about <st1:time Minute="0" Hour="5">5
 
  a.m.</st1:time> It was raining for the first bit but the sun came out and
 
  a.m.</st1:time> It was raining for the first bit but the sun came out and
Line 2,041: Line 2,041:
 
the country improving every mile. Arrived Corbie about <st1:time Hour="22"
 
the country improving every mile. Arrived Corbie about <st1:time Hour="22"
 
Minute="0">10 p.m.</st1:time> and marched 4 miles under a full moon up to the <st1:City><st1:place>Amiens</st1:place></st1:City>
 
Minute="0">10 p.m.</st1:time> and marched 4 miles under a full moon up to the <st1:City><st1:place>Amiens</st1:place></st1:City>
- Albert road. Out billets were at Pont Noyelles.</p>
+
- Albert road. Out billets were at Pont Noyelles.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><st1:date Month="7" Day="27"
+
<center><st1:date Month="7" Day="27"
Year="2015"><b>27-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b><o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
Year="2015"><b>27-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b></b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Rose
+
<br><br>            Rose
 
late. Had a bathe in a burn with Black and Finlayson. The water is clean and
 
late. Had a bathe in a burn with Black and Finlayson. The water is clean and
 
wholesome, quite unlike what we have seen up north. Concert by 'A' and 'B' Coys
 
wholesome, quite unlike what we have seen up north. Concert by 'A' and 'B' Coys
 
at the Girls Seminary. Piano on the steps at front door and men standing or
 
at the Girls Seminary. Piano on the steps at front door and men standing or
sitting round below the trees. Perfect night.</p>
+
sitting round below the trees. Perfect night.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><st1:date Month="7" Day="28"
+
<center><st1:date Month="7" Day="28"
Year="2015"><b>28-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b><o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
Year="2015"><b>28-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b></b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Reviewed
+
<br><br>            Reviewed
 
today by General Munro, Commanding 3rd Army. Concert tonight by officers. Great
 
today by General Munro, Commanding 3rd Army. Concert tonight by officers. Great
 
success. Finnie sang splendidly. Another perfect night. Conversazione of
 
success. Finnie sang splendidly. Another perfect night. Conversazione of
 
officers afterwards in 'B' Coy headquarters, and one of the men doing
 
officers afterwards in 'B' Coy headquarters, and one of the men doing
'Imitations'.</p>
+
'Imitations'.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><st1:date Month="7" Day="29"
+
<center><st1:date Month="7" Day="29"
Year="2015"><b>29-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b><o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
Year="2015"><b>29-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b></b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Drill
+
<br><br>            Drill
 
in forenoon - handling arms, and also bathing parade. Sun very warm. Lot of
 
in forenoon - handling arms, and also bathing parade. Sun very warm. Lot of
 
Kitcheners passed through today. We expected to move today too but cancelled.
 
Kitcheners passed through today. We expected to move today too but cancelled.
This is a lovely little village.</p>
+
This is a lovely little village.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><st1:date Month="7" Day="30"
+
<center><st1:date Month="7" Day="30"
Year="2015"><b>30-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b><o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
Year="2015"><b>30-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b></b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Handling
+
<br><br>            Handling
 
of arms and swim in the morning. Marched off at <st1:time Minute="0" Hour="17">5
 
of arms and swim in the morning. Marched off at <st1:time Minute="0" Hour="17">5
 
  p.m.</st1:time> for new billets up nearer the firing line. Rather warm to
 
  p.m.</st1:time> for new billets up nearer the firing line. Rather warm to
Line 2,080: Line 2,080:
 
soft feet. Got to bed about 12, in an old stable which had been used as <st1:place><st1:PlaceName>French</st1:PlaceName>
 
soft feet. Got to bed about 12, in an old stable which had been used as <st1:place><st1:PlaceName>French</st1:PlaceName>
 
  <st1:PlaceType>Hospital</st1:PlaceType></st1:place>. Straw beds and rather
 
  <st1:PlaceType>Hospital</st1:PlaceType></st1:place>. Straw beds and rather
lively. Rose very itchy.</p>
+
lively. Rose very itchy.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><st1:date Month="7" Day="31"
+
<center><st1:date Month="7" Day="31"
Year="2015"><b>31-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b><o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
Year="2015"><b>31-Jul-15</b></st1:date><b></b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Difficult
+
<br><br>            Difficult
 
to get good water here - the stuff we washed in was full of H2S. Hence late
 
to get good water here - the stuff we washed in was full of H2S. Hence late
 
breakfast. Port wine under the trees in the Chateau garden until some of them
 
breakfast. Port wine under the trees in the Chateau garden until some of them
Line 2,093: Line 2,093:
 
post on the railway which I took over from a gesticulating Frenchman with the
 
post on the railway which I took over from a gesticulating Frenchman with the
 
aid of an interpreter. Very comfortable little place, especially the quartiers
 
aid of an interpreter. Very comfortable little place, especially the quartiers
du Commandant. </p>
+
du Commandant.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Dined with the latter
+
<br><br>            Dined with the latter
 
gentleman and 3 regular officers in a shanty below the bridge. My French very
 
gentleman and 3 regular officers in a shanty below the bridge. My French very
 
weak. Went round the post about <st1:time Hour="23" Minute="0">11 p.m.</st1:time>
 
weak. Went round the post about <st1:time Hour="23" Minute="0">11 p.m.</st1:time>
 
and found everything OK and the men fraternising splendidly with the French
 
and found everything OK and the men fraternising splendidly with the French
Johnnies.</p>
+
Johnnies.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>AUGUST
+
<center><b><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>AUGUST
1915<o:p></o:p></span></b></p>
+
1915</b>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>07 Aug 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>07 Aug 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Nothing
+
<br><br>            Nothing
 
worth noting down in the past week. I have been on this post all the time. We
 
worth noting down in the past week. I have been on this post all the time. We
 
did some work during the day - clearing the wood in front of Mound Keep and
 
did some work during the day - clearing the wood in front of Mound Keep and
 
cleaning up the trenches. At night of course the sentries were on and I had to
 
cleaning up the trenches. At night of course the sentries were on and I had to
make a tour of these with the sergeant. </p>
+
make a tour of these with the sergeant.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>The weather has not been
+
<br><br>            The weather has not been
 
too good - fair amount of rain and drizzle, but I have been very comfortable in
 
too good - fair amount of rain and drizzle, but I have been very comfortable in
 
the hut below the bridge, with first a <st1:City><st1:place>Somerset</st1:place></st1:City>
 
the hut below the bridge, with first a <st1:City><st1:place>Somerset</st1:place></st1:City>
 
and then a Hampshire officer as company. I messed in Authuille along with the
 
and then a Hampshire officer as company. I messed in Authuille along with the
rest of 'A' and 'B', otherwise I spent all my time here. </p>
+
rest of 'A' and 'B', otherwise I spent all my time here.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Have read 'Captain
+
<br><br>            Have read 'Captain
Maigaret' this week and written a few letters. The time passes very quickly.</p>
+
Maigaret' this week and written a few letters. The time passes very quickly.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>08 Aug 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>08 Aug 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>A
+
<br><br>            A
 
fine quiet day, quite Sunday like. Had a glorious bathe, or rather bath in the
 
fine quiet day, quite Sunday like. Had a glorious bathe, or rather bath in the
burn this morning. Afterwards read Study in Scarlet. </p>
+
burn this morning. Afterwards read Study in Scarlet.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Having been living very
+
<br><br>            Having been living very
 
much in the past, dallying with old memories, but keeping out the later tragic
 
much in the past, dallying with old memories, but keeping out the later tragic
ones. Think it's good occasionally to just take a good look back.</p>
+
ones. Think it's good occasionally to just take a good look back.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>09 Aug 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>09 Aug 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Moist
+
<br><br>            Moist
 
warm day. Too lazy to do any work or to see that the men did any. Glad we're
 
warm day. Too lazy to do any work or to see that the men did any. Glad we're
 
not in the <st1:place>Dardanelles</st1:place>. Have started having rifle
 
not in the <st1:place>Dardanelles</st1:place>. Have started having rifle
Line 2,140: Line 2,140:
 
route to Authuille, making it exactly the same the French had it. Had a very
 
route to Authuille, making it exactly the same the French had it. Had a very
 
heavy downpour of rain tonight and a great deal of vivid blue lightening. It
 
heavy downpour of rain tonight and a great deal of vivid blue lightening. It
was so wet that I didn't visit all the sentries.</p>
+
was so wet that I didn't visit all the sentries.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>10 Aug 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>10 Aug 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Thick
+
<br><br>            Thick
 
and misty this morning - no improvement after the thunder. Put the men on to
 
and misty this morning - no improvement after the thunder. Put the men on to
 
clear out the trenches which are rather muddy. Felt more energetic in the
 
clear out the trenches which are rather muddy. Felt more energetic in the
Line 2,150: Line 2,150:
 
would be well to continue it always. The Bosches are beginning to send over
 
would be well to continue it always. The Bosches are beginning to send over
 
shrapnel occasionally now, and two landed up in the wood tonight not far from
 
shrapnel occasionally now, and two landed up in the wood tonight not far from
one of my groups. Probably there is too much movement in the wood.</p>
+
one of my groups. Probably there is too much movement in the wood.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>11 Aug 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>11 Aug 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Another
+
<br><br>            Another
 
good day. Had a good view of the firing line from trenches on the valley side
 
good day. Had a good view of the firing line from trenches on the valley side
 
behind us. The Chateau of Thiepval isn't much of a place now. Had some shrapnel
 
behind us. The Chateau of Thiepval isn't much of a place now. Had some shrapnel
 
into Authuille tonight and some of us had a rather narrow shave. Argyles had
 
into Authuille tonight and some of us had a rather narrow shave. Argyles had
 
one killed and 1 wounded at the river. A lot of our men there too. We are
 
one killed and 1 wounded at the river. A lot of our men there too. We are
always very lucky. </p>
+
always very lucky.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span><st1:country-region><st1:place>Germany</st1:place></st1:country-region>
+
<br><br>            <st1:country-region><st1:place>Germany</st1:place></st1:country-region>
 
has offered peace to <st1:country-region><st1:place>Russia</st1:place></st1:country-region>
 
has offered peace to <st1:country-region><st1:place>Russia</st1:place></st1:country-region>
 
but she has declined. British have taken 1200 yards of trench at Hooge, but it
 
but she has declined. British have taken 1200 yards of trench at Hooge, but it
will be only a very local and probably extremely costly success.</p>
+
will be only a very local and probably extremely costly success.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>12 Aug 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>12 Aug 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Blank</p>
+
<br><br>            Blank
  
<br><br>&nbsp;</p>
+
<br><br>&nbsp;
  
<br><br>&nbsp;</p>
+
<br><br>&nbsp;
  
<br><br>&nbsp;</p>
+
<br><br>&nbsp;
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>13 Aug 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>13 Aug 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>The
+
<br><br>            The
 
Argyles were relieved by the Indian Cavalry Division. These have been in the
 
Argyles were relieved by the Indian Cavalry Division. These have been in the
 
trenches only about 48 hours since they came out in December. Rather funny to
 
trenches only about 48 hours since they came out in December. Rather funny to
 
see them losing their companies in the darkness and as I couldn't make myself
 
see them losing their companies in the darkness and as I couldn't make myself
understood to them I had a bit of a job.</p>
+
understood to them I had a bit of a job.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>14 Aug 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>14 Aug 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>The
+
<br><br>            The
 
officers of the ICD came round today - half a dozen majors and captains with
 
officers of the ICD came round today - half a dozen majors and captains with
 
note-books all asking questions. Discovered Leslie who used to be in Chem T
 
note-books all asking questions. Discovered Leslie who used to be in Chem T
Line 2,192: Line 2,192:
 
handed over to an officer of the Iniskillings at <st1:time Hour="18" Minute="0">6
 
handed over to an officer of the Iniskillings at <st1:time Hour="18" Minute="0">6
 
  p.m.</st1:time> I was only sorry I couldn't wait to hear about <st1:country-region><st1:place>India</st1:place></st1:country-region>
 
  p.m.</st1:time> I was only sorry I couldn't wait to hear about <st1:country-region><st1:place>India</st1:place></st1:country-region>
from him. He says 'It's a fine country to go on leave in'. </p>
+
from him. He says 'It's a fine country to go on leave in'.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Battalion formed up in Bois
+
<br><br>            Battalion formed up in Bois
 
d'Aveluy and when it got dusk, took the road through Albert and got to
 
d'Aveluy and when it got dusk, took the road through Albert and got to
 
Buire-sur-l'Ancre about <st1:time Hour="23" Minute="0">11 p.m.</st1:time> No
 
Buire-sur-l'Ancre about <st1:time Hour="23" Minute="0">11 p.m.</st1:time> No
 
billets for us officers but it was a fine night, and we got our valises under a
 
billets for us officers but it was a fine night, and we got our valises under a
tree, Blacko and I and were soon asleep.</p>
+
tree, Blacko and I and were soon asleep.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>15 Aug 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>15 Aug 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>A
+
<br><br>            A
 
fresh awakening this morning: got up about 8 and shaved and washed. Breakfast
 
fresh awakening this morning: got up about 8 and shaved and washed. Breakfast
 
in a hired room, and later on <st1:City><st1:place>Murray</st1:place></st1:City>
 
in a hired room, and later on <st1:City><st1:place>Murray</st1:place></st1:City>
 
got us two nice bedrooms next door to BHQ. The village we are in has not been
 
got us two nice bedrooms next door to BHQ. The village we are in has not been
 
touched by the war, so that we are rid for the time being of the depressing
 
touched by the war, so that we are rid for the time being of the depressing
sights of roofless houses. The inhabitants are all in situ. </p>
+
sights of roofless houses. The inhabitants are all in situ.  
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>16 Aug 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>16 Aug 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>The
+
<br><br>            The
 
newly joined subs paraded under the Sergeant-Major in transport lines and
 
newly joined subs paraded under the Sergeant-Major in transport lines and
 
submitted to public degradation - right turns by numbers. Great indignation,
 
submitted to public degradation - right turns by numbers. Great indignation,
especially on Freegard's part.</p>
+
especially on Freegard's part.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>17 Aug 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>17 Aug 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Drill
+
<br><br>            Drill
 
in the forenoon. After tea had a walk by myself up to the main road and back by
 
in the forenoon. After tea had a walk by myself up to the main road and back by
 
Ribermont. Read Gray's Elegy on the way and much of it that was meaningless
 
Ribermont. Read Gray's Elegy on the way and much of it that was meaningless
before was quite clear. Lovely evening.</p>
+
before was quite clear. Lovely evening.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>18 Aug 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>18 Aug 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Drill
+
<br><br>            Drill
 
in the forenoon beside the river and after dinner walked over to Bresle to a
 
in the forenoon beside the river and after dinner walked over to Bresle to a
 
gas demonstration. In the evening had a stroll up above the village through the
 
gas demonstration. In the evening had a stroll up above the village through the
cornfields.</p>
+
cornfields.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>19 Aug 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>19 Aug 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Football
+
<br><br>            Football
 
match between men and officers tonight but had to stop in the middle as the
 
match between men and officers tonight but had to stop in the middle as the
ball burst.</p>
+
ball burst.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>20 Aug 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>20 Aug 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>The
+
<br><br>            The
 
forenoon was spent mostly in spraying respirators and smoke helmets, and also,
 
forenoon was spent mostly in spraying respirators and smoke helmets, and also,
 
on my part, in packing my valise. Left shortly after <st1:time Minute="0"
 
on my part, in packing my valise. Left shortly after <st1:time Minute="0"
 
Hour="15">3 p.m.</st1:time> for the trenches. Had to hoof it with full pack,
 
Hour="15">3 p.m.</st1:time> for the trenches. Had to hoof it with full pack,
 
and left myself just rather too little time. However the Major and Dunvegan,
 
and left myself just rather too little time. However the Major and Dunvegan,
coming behind on horseback were late. </p>
+
coming behind on horseback were late.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Went by Dernancourt to
+
<br><br>            Went by Dernancourt to
 
Moulin du Vivier (Bde H.Q.) and through Albert up to Becourt (Bat. H.Q.) and so
 
Moulin du Vivier (Bde H.Q.) and through Albert up to Becourt (Bat. H.Q.) and so
 
up to the fire-trench. We are taking over from 'A', 7th Gordons. Had supper and
 
up to the fire-trench. We are taking over from 'A', 7th Gordons. Had supper and
a look round the trenches. Turned in till <st1:time Minute="0" Hour="4">4 a.m.</st1:time></p>
+
a look round the trenches. Turned in till <st1:time Minute="0" Hour="4">4 a.m.</st1:time>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>21 Aug 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>21 Aug 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Up
+
<br><br>            Up
 
at <st1:time Hour="4" Minute="0">4 a.m.</st1:time> and had breakfast. Another look
 
at <st1:time Hour="4" Minute="0">4 a.m.</st1:time> and had breakfast. Another look
 
round and then started back to Buire where I arrived at 8.30 and had brekker.
 
round and then started back to Buire where I arrived at 8.30 and had brekker.
Line 2,259: Line 2,259:
 
Captn. D. Sutherland, and met the guard coming along with transport. Got into
 
Captn. D. Sutherland, and met the guard coming along with transport. Got into
 
the fire trench about <st1:time Minute="0" Hour="16">4 o'clock</st1:time>,
 
the fire trench about <st1:time Minute="0" Hour="16">4 o'clock</st1:time>,
pretty tired, so turned in. </p>
+
pretty tired, so turned in.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Had a bathe this morning
+
<br><br>            Had a bathe this morning
and found myself 'lowsy' in the extreme in spite of my mouslin shirt. </p>
+
and found myself 'lowsy' in the extreme in spite of my mouslin shirt.  
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>22 Aug 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>22 Aug 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Had
+
<br><br>            Had
 
a 'snackie' at <st1:time Minute="0" Hour="4">4 a.m.</st1:time> Very quiet day,
 
a 'snackie' at <st1:time Minute="0" Hour="4">4 a.m.</st1:time> Very quiet day,
 
which I spent mainly in fitting up a dug-out for myself. I have put up a
 
which I spent mainly in fitting up a dug-out for myself. I have put up a
 
swinging hammock which won't be so likely to harbour vermin and have partially
 
swinging hammock which won't be so likely to harbour vermin and have partially
latticed the doorway which at present is rather open. </p>
+
latticed the doorway which at present is rather open.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Great draw back to these
+
<br><br>            Great draw back to these
 
trenches is the lack of proper water supply. All drinking water comes up in
 
trenches is the lack of proper water supply. All drinking water comes up in
 
water carts at night to B.H.Q. and has to be fetched from there in jars,
 
water carts at night to B.H.Q. and has to be fetched from there in jars,
bottles, tins, etc, by roundabout way. Same with grub and ammunition.</p>
+
bottles, tins, etc, by roundabout way. Same with grub and ammunition.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>23 Aug 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>23 Aug 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>This
+
<br><br>            This
 
early breakfast is a good idea and gives a sound basis for beginning the day
 
early breakfast is a good idea and gives a sound basis for beginning the day
 
on. Up at <st1:time Hour="4" Minute="0">4 a.m.</st1:time> and spent the morning
 
on. Up at <st1:time Hour="4" Minute="0">4 a.m.</st1:time> and spent the morning
Line 2,286: Line 2,286:
 
to the fire trench and the dug-outs are mainly in the support line. A platoon
 
to the fire trench and the dug-outs are mainly in the support line. A platoon
 
of <st1:City><st1:place>Kitcheners</st1:place></st1:City> (7<sup>th</sup> Beds)
 
of <st1:City><st1:place>Kitcheners</st1:place></st1:City> (7<sup>th</sup> Beds)
is coming up tonight for instruction. Turned in after stand-to.</p>
+
is coming up tonight for instruction. Turned in after stand-to.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>24 Aug 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>24 Aug 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Splosh
+
<br><br>            Splosh
 
wakened me this morning at 4. Evidently there was a mix up last night and he
 
wakened me this morning at 4. Evidently there was a mix up last night and he
 
was on by himself with the Beds subaltern. I turned out and had a belated
 
was on by himself with the Beds subaltern. I turned out and had a belated
Line 2,297: Line 2,297:
 
places there has been some friction between K's and Terriers, but not here. They
 
places there has been some friction between K's and Terriers, but not here. They
 
took over all my part of the line after stand-to at <st1:time Hour="20"
 
took over all my part of the line after stand-to at <st1:time Hour="20"
Minute="0">8 p.m.</st1:time> so I withdrew all my men except 4 sentries.</p>
+
Minute="0">8 p.m.</st1:time> so I withdrew all my men except 4 sentries.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>25 Aug 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>25 Aug 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>It
+
<br><br>            It
 
was 5 before I was up this morning owing to some mistake. Another splendid day,
 
was 5 before I was up this morning owing to some mistake. Another splendid day,
 
and very quiet. The Germans have been busy opposite us these last nights and
 
and very quiet. The Germans have been busy opposite us these last nights and
Line 2,307: Line 2,307:
 
top of the hill. We can't see their support trenches but they can see ours and
 
top of the hill. We can't see their support trenches but they can see ours and
 
down to B.H.Q. as well. In the early morning with the sun behind them they have
 
down to B.H.Q. as well. In the early morning with the sun behind them they have
a big advantage in light too, and I wonder they don't do more sniping. </p>
+
a big advantage in light too, and I wonder they don't do more sniping.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Spent most of the forenoon
+
<br><br>            Spent most of the forenoon
 
in the observation post getting to know their line. Wrote in the afternoon. The
 
in the observation post getting to know their line. Wrote in the afternoon. The
 
evenings are short after tea now. Stand-to is about <st1:time Hour="19"
 
evenings are short after tea now. Stand-to is about <st1:time Hour="19"
Minute="30">7.30 p.m.</st1:time> </p>
+
Minute="30">7.30 p.m.</st1:time>  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>The Russians have had a
+
<br><br>            The Russians have had a
naval victory in the <st1:place><st1:PlaceType>Gulf</st1:PlaceType> of <st1:PlaceName>Riga</st1:PlaceName></st1:place>.</p>
+
naval victory in the <st1:place><st1:PlaceType>Gulf</st1:PlaceType> of <st1:PlaceName>Riga</st1:PlaceName></st1:place>.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>26 Aug 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>26 Aug 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>We
+
<br><br>            We
 
have been sandbagging the parapet for the last few days to keep the chalk from
 
have been sandbagging the parapet for the last few days to keep the chalk from
 
falling into the trenches. We have made no loopholes here. <st1:City><st1:place>Kitchener</st1:place></st1:City>'s
 
falling into the trenches. We have made no loopholes here. <st1:City><st1:place>Kitchener</st1:place></st1:City>'s
Line 2,325: Line 2,325:
 
They were spread over all the line, a section to a platoon. We put one of our
 
They were spread over all the line, a section to a platoon. We put one of our
 
men to two of theirs for instructional purposes, but I think the instruction
 
men to two of theirs for instructional purposes, but I think the instruction
mostly took the form of tall tales about 'The Orchard'. </p>
+
mostly took the form of tall tales about 'The Orchard'.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>I was on all night and had
+
<br><br>            I was on all night and had
 
much trouble in keeping some of the men alert. The 8 hour shift is rather long
 
much trouble in keeping some of the men alert. The 8 hour shift is rather long
I think as there are so many fatigues by day. </p>
+
I think as there are so many fatigues by day.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Splosh singing Harry Lauder
+
<br><br>            Splosh singing Harry Lauder
in the Mess. He is rather like D.B. except that he <u>can</u> carry a tune.</p>
+
in the Mess. He is rather like D.B. except that he <u>can</u> carry a tune.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>27 Aug 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>27 Aug 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Got
+
<br><br>            Got
 
to bed about <st1:time Hour="5" Minute="0">5 a.m.</st1:time> Rose for breakfast
 
to bed about <st1:time Hour="5" Minute="0">5 a.m.</st1:time> Rose for breakfast
 
at 8, and went back till dinner time. Wrote in afternoon, and made a sketch of
 
at 8, and went back till dinner time. Wrote in afternoon, and made a sketch of
German lines showing loopholes. Think it may be of some use to the men. </p>
+
German lines showing loopholes. Think it may be of some use to the men.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Another glorious day - not
+
<br><br>            Another glorious day - not
 
a drop of rain since we came in to trenches. Had a wash and a shave in a bowl:
 
a drop of rain since we came in to trenches. Had a wash and a shave in a bowl:
 
also a hunt and got one of each variety so I'm proving. But I'm very itchy.
 
also a hunt and got one of each variety so I'm proving. But I'm very itchy.
 
Turned in about <st1:time Hour="21" Minute="30">9.30 p.m.</st1:time> Finnie and
 
Turned in about <st1:time Hour="21" Minute="30">9.30 p.m.</st1:time> Finnie and
two Beds' officers are on till <st1:time Hour="4" Minute="0">4 a.m.</st1:time> </p>
+
two Beds' officers are on till <st1:time Hour="4" Minute="0">4 a.m.</st1:time>  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Splosh got rather a setback
+
<br><br>            Splosh got rather a setback
 
tonight when playing the veteran up among the <st1:place>Queens</st1:place>.
 
tonight when playing the veteran up among the <st1:place>Queens</st1:place>.
The Major gave him rather a hard time when he came back.</p>
+
The Major gave him rather a hard time when he came back.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>28 Aug 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>28 Aug 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Another
+
<br><br>            Another
 
fine day, but rather close. Saw two Huns through the periscope and had a pot at
 
fine day, but rather close. Saw two Huns through the periscope and had a pot at
 
them. In the evening started putting up a loophole, which took from 7 till <st1:time
 
them. In the evening started putting up a loophole, which took from 7 till <st1:time
 
Hour="23" Minute="0">11 p.m.</st1:time> to finish and it was pouring rain most
 
Hour="23" Minute="0">11 p.m.</st1:time> to finish and it was pouring rain most
 
of the time. No. 4 has very good Lance Corpls, only they do too much work
 
of the time. No. 4 has very good Lance Corpls, only they do too much work
themselves. Seaman and Skinner helped me with the loophole. </p>
+
themselves. Seaman and Skinner helped me with the loophole.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Soaked through by the time
+
<br><br>            Soaked through by the time
 
were done and the trenches were very bad with water lying in them. Wakened
 
were done and the trenches were very bad with water lying in them. Wakened
 
Splosh at <st1:time Hour="0" Minute="40">12:40 a.m.</st1:time> and turned in
 
Splosh at <st1:time Hour="0" Minute="40">12:40 a.m.</st1:time> and turned in
after setting my things to dry all round the dugout</p>
+
after setting my things to dry all round the dugout
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>29 Aug 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>29 Aug 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Had
+
<br><br>            Had
 
quite a comfortable sleep considering. Got up at breakfast time. The loophole
 
quite a comfortable sleep considering. Got up at breakfast time. The loophole
is a wee bit low but may do. </p>
+
is a wee bit low but may do.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>My pocketbook was brought
+
<br><br>            My pocketbook was brought
 
in at <st1:time Hour="6" Minute="0">6 a.m.</st1:time> badly mauled, having been
 
in at <st1:time Hour="6" Minute="0">6 a.m.</st1:time> badly mauled, having been
 
extricated from the debris we threw down last night. Got the things separated
 
extricated from the debris we threw down last night. Got the things separated
 
out and photos washed, but they won't be quite as good as before. Fortunately
 
out and photos washed, but they won't be quite as good as before. Fortunately
 
it was dry and hot this morning so I got most of my things dried. The trenches
 
it was dry and hot this morning so I got most of my things dried. The trenches
wanted a lot of cleaning up, and require some more thorough method of draining.</p>
+
wanted a lot of cleaning up, and require some more thorough method of draining.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>30 Aug 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>30 Aug 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Up
+
<br><br>            Up
 
at <st1:time Minute="0" Hour="4">4 a.m.</st1:time>, clear and cold as usually
 
at <st1:time Minute="0" Hour="4">4 a.m.</st1:time>, clear and cold as usually
 
in the mornings now. The loophole is a bit improved, but all the wire isn't yet
 
in the mornings now. The loophole is a bit improved, but all the wire isn't yet
 
cleared away. Artillery tried to get onto a machine gun emplacement, but were
 
cleared away. Artillery tried to get onto a machine gun emplacement, but were
 
far out. Evidently the map is not accurate, or else their shooting is very
 
far out. Evidently the map is not accurate, or else their shooting is very
poor, and the seldom will send up an observation officer. </p>
+
poor, and the seldom will send up an observation officer.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Black and I on duty at
+
<br><br>            Black and I on duty at
 
night. It was very cold and we stayed in the mess most of the time, alternately
 
night. It was very cold and we stayed in the mess most of the time, alternately
 
sleeping and writing. Took occasional turns along the line, and tried to locate
 
sleeping and writing. Took occasional turns along the line, and tried to locate
Line 2,394: Line 2,394:
 
the lines are much closer elsewhere. Still there must be some explanation of
 
the lines are much closer elsewhere. Still there must be some explanation of
 
these very high mounds they have thrown up. They can't be from any ordinary
 
these very high mounds they have thrown up. They can't be from any ordinary
trench work. </p>
+
trench work.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Wee Willie slept in my bed
+
<br><br>            Wee Willie slept in my bed
 
till <st1:time Hour="4" Minute="0">4 a.m.</st1:time> when we all had breakfast,
 
till <st1:time Hour="4" Minute="0">4 a.m.</st1:time> when we all had breakfast,
 
and fed also Fishy, Stalk and Nic. Thank goodness they kept off Golspie for
 
and fed also Fishy, Stalk and Nic. Thank goodness they kept off Golspie for
once.</p>
+
once.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>31 Aug 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>31 Aug 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Rose
+
<br><br>            Rose
 
for dinner. Very little doing today. Had a few shots through the loophole, but
 
for dinner. Very little doing today. Had a few shots through the loophole, but
 
the earth has been too damp lately for observation to be easy. Sandbags are at
 
the earth has been too damp lately for observation to be easy. Sandbags are at
an end, so there isn't much work to be done. </p>
+
an end, so there isn't much work to be done.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>The Major was testing the
+
<br><br>            The Major was testing the
 
artillery on a point today, and found it took ten minutes for them to open
 
artillery on a point today, and found it took ten minutes for them to open
fire, which is rather too long. </p>
+
fire, which is rather too long.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>'Stand-to' is shortly after
+
<br><br>            'Stand-to' is shortly after
 
<st1:time Hour="19" Minute="0">7 p.m.</st1:time> now. It was very quiet last
 
<st1:time Hour="19" Minute="0">7 p.m.</st1:time> now. It was very quiet last
night. </p>
+
night.  
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>SEPTEMBER
+
<center><b><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>SEPTEMBER
1915<o:p></o:p></span></b></p>
+
1915</b>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>01 Sep 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>01 Sep 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Wakened
+
<br><br>            Wakened
 
at <st1:time Minute="0" Hour="4">4 a.m.</st1:time> by Finnie. Cold, clear
 
at <st1:time Minute="0" Hour="4">4 a.m.</st1:time> by Finnie. Cold, clear
 
morning. I hadn't been in the fire trench a minute when a boy Graham was shot
 
morning. I hadn't been in the fire trench a minute when a boy Graham was shot
Line 2,429: Line 2,429:
 
religious about the thought. We buried him at <st1:time Hour="10" Minute="30">10:30</st1:time>,
 
religious about the thought. We buried him at <st1:time Hour="10" Minute="30">10:30</st1:time>,
 
in a grave dug by his companions. One of the burying party was hit with
 
in a grave dug by his companions. One of the burying party was hit with
shrapnel, on the leg, while returning. </p>
+
shrapnel, on the leg, while returning.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>In the afternoon the 7th
+
<br><br>            In the afternoon the 7th
 
Gordons officers came up to take over, so we had a large party at tea. It began
 
Gordons officers came up to take over, so we had a large party at tea. It began
 
to rain in the afternoon and the trenches were soon in a great muck. It is
 
to rain in the afternoon and the trenches were soon in a great muck. It is
 
always wearisome waiting for the reliefs, and tonight they didn't arrive till <st1:time
 
always wearisome waiting for the reliefs, and tonight they didn't arrive till <st1:time
 
Hour="23" Minute="30">11:30 p.m.</st1:time> They were too smart to need guides
 
Hour="23" Minute="30">11:30 p.m.</st1:time> They were too smart to need guides
so lost their way. </p>
+
so lost their way.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>We got down to the foot of
+
<br><br>            We got down to the foot of
 
hill 106 after plootering through the mud. Some platoons came down the road,
 
hill 106 after plootering through the mud. Some platoons came down the road,
 
but I didn't care to take that responsibility. The moon was high by this time,
 
but I didn't care to take that responsibility. The moon was high by this time,
Line 2,445: Line 2,445:
 
  a.m.</st1:time> and found <st1:City><st1:place>Murray</st1:place></st1:City>
 
  a.m.</st1:time> and found <st1:City><st1:place>Murray</st1:place></st1:City>
 
waiting for us. We subs of 'A' are billeted in the mayor's house and have bed
 
waiting for us. We subs of 'A' are billeted in the mayor's house and have bed
between two.</p>
+
between two.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>'REST'<o:p></o:p></span></u></b></p>
+
<center><b><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>'REST'</u></b>
  
<br><br><b><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>&nbsp;<o:p></o:p></span></u></b></p>
+
<br><br><b><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>&nbsp;</u></b>
  
 
<br><br><i>&#8216;Rest&#8217; for infantry units out of the line was not really an
 
<br><br><i>&#8216;Rest&#8217; for infantry units out of the line was not really an
 
accurate description of what happened. It was more a matter of continual
 
accurate description of what happened. It was more a matter of continual
fatigues in the trenches and rear areas.<o:p></o:p></i></p>
+
fatigues in the trenches and rear areas.</i>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>02 Sep 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>02 Sep 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Wakened at <st1:time
+
<br><br>            Wakened at <st1:time
 
Hour="11" Minute="15">11:15</st1:time> by Ross, who reported breakfast ready.
 
Hour="11" Minute="15">11:15</st1:time> by Ross, who reported breakfast ready.
 
Rose with that 'after the ball' feeling which we always have the night after
 
Rose with that 'after the ball' feeling which we always have the night after
 
coming out. It was drizzling in the forenoon but I went for a wash and a bathe.
 
coming out. It was drizzling in the forenoon but I went for a wash and a bathe.
Met Adam who seemed to acquiesce in his engagement. </p>
+
Met Adam who seemed to acquiesce in his engagement.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Had a letter from Daisy re
+
<br><br>            Had a letter from Daisy re
 
rose bowl which appears to have given satisfaction. Dinner and tea at <st1:time
 
rose bowl which appears to have given satisfaction. Dinner and tea at <st1:time
 
Hour="17" Minute="0">5 p.m.</st1:time> Had a walk up to the high road in the
 
Hour="17" Minute="0">5 p.m.</st1:time> Had a walk up to the high road in the
twilight.</p>
+
twilight.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>03 Sep 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>03 Sep 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Parade at <st1:time Hour="9"
+
<br><br>            Parade at <st1:time Hour="9"
 
Minute="30">9:30</st1:time>. Blackie, Finnie and I. We had inspection and
 
Minute="30">9:30</st1:time>. Blackie, Finnie and I. We had inspection and
 
physical exercises. Rather cold and raw - too cold for a bathe. Football match
 
physical exercises. Rather cold and raw - too cold for a bathe. Football match
Line 2,477: Line 2,477:
 
ankle broken. Very wet tonight. Fatigue party of 150 men up at Bouzincourt all
 
ankle broken. Very wet tonight. Fatigue party of 150 men up at Bouzincourt all
 
day, Splosh with them. This is Daisy's wedding day. Long life and happiness to
 
day, Splosh with them. This is Daisy's wedding day. Long life and happiness to
her and her husband.</p>
+
her and her husband.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>04 Sep 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>04 Sep 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>No parade this forenoon as
+
<br><br>            No parade this forenoon as
 
another fatigue party of 150 left at <st1:time Hour="7" Minute="0">7 a.m.</st1:time>
 
another fatigue party of 150 left at <st1:time Hour="7" Minute="0">7 a.m.</st1:time>
 
with Finnie etc. Wrote Bob in the garden. It was a fine forenoon, but wind is
 
with Finnie etc. Wrote Bob in the garden. It was a fine forenoon, but wind is
getting cold. </p>
+
getting cold.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Left with party of 200 men
+
<br><br>            Left with party of 200 men
 
at <st1:time Hour="17" Minute="30">5:30 p.m.</st1:time> for Albert. We worked
 
at <st1:time Hour="17" Minute="30">5:30 p.m.</st1:time> for Albert. We worked
 
on communication trench which leads up to La Boisselle. Line was pretty quiet,
 
on communication trench which leads up to La Boisselle. Line was pretty quiet,
Line 2,492: Line 2,492:
 
stray bullets near us. Fortunately it was a grand night, although not too warm.
 
stray bullets near us. Fortunately it was a grand night, although not too warm.
 
We got back at <st1:time Hour="2" Minute="30">2:30 a.m.</st1:time> after a fine
 
We got back at <st1:time Hour="2" Minute="30">2:30 a.m.</st1:time> after a fine
march.</p>
+
march.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>05 Sep 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>05 Sep 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Brekker at <st1:time
+
<br><br>            Brekker at <st1:time
 
Hour="8" Minute="0">8 a.m.</st1:time> I though to have a fine quiet Sunday and
 
Hour="8" Minute="0">8 a.m.</st1:time> I though to have a fine quiet Sunday and
 
get some letters written, but about 11 o'clock word came that the battn was to
 
get some letters written, but about 11 o'clock word came that the battn was to
 
shift quarters to Henencourt. This necessitated the fatigue party of 300 men
 
shift quarters to Henencourt. This necessitated the fatigue party of 300 men
 
going in full marching order. We packed up after dinner and left at <st1:time
 
going in full marching order. We packed up after dinner and left at <st1:time
Hour="16" Minute="0">4 p.m.</st1:time> </p>
+
Hour="16" Minute="0">4 p.m.</st1:time>  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Arrived at our new billets
+
<br><br>            Arrived at our new billets
 
after a very warm but short march. The new place isn't nearly so comfortable as
 
after a very warm but short march. The new place isn't nearly so comfortable as
 
Buire, but the air is brisker. Finnie and I have a nice room upstairs, with a
 
Buire, but the air is brisker. Finnie and I have a nice room upstairs, with a
 
motherly old wife to take an interest in us. Had tea at <st1:time Hour="20"
 
motherly old wife to take an interest in us. Had tea at <st1:time Hour="20"
 
Minute="0">8 p.m.</st1:time>, &quot;and so to bed&quot;. Some pears I carried
 
Minute="0">8 p.m.</st1:time>, &quot;and so to bed&quot;. Some pears I carried
in my haversack today have mucked up my diary, which is rather a humbug.</p>
+
in my haversack today have mucked up my diary, which is rather a humbug.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>06 Sep 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>06 Sep 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Up at <st1:time Hour="5"
+
<br><br>            Up at <st1:time Hour="5"
 
Minute="30">5:30 a.m.</st1:time> for breakfast and fatigues. Left with 300 men
 
Minute="30">5:30 a.m.</st1:time> for breakfast and fatigues. Left with 300 men
 
and 6 officers for second line trenches between Albert and Bouzincourt. Very
 
and 6 officers for second line trenches between Albert and Bouzincourt. Very
Line 2,521: Line 2,521:
 
got back <st1:time Hour="14" Minute="30">2:30 p.m.</st1:time> The men very
 
got back <st1:time Hour="14" Minute="30">2:30 p.m.</st1:time> The men very
 
tired, and not fit to work well. There are far too many fatigues here, and
 
tired, and not fit to work well. There are far too many fatigues here, and
always a long march before and after. </p>
+
always a long march before and after.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Had a rest in the afternoon
+
<br><br>            Had a rest in the afternoon
 
and after tea wrote and went for a stroll. Singing in B Coys tonight, also a
 
and after tea wrote and went for a stroll. Singing in B Coys tonight, also a
case of O.P. Didn't go down.</p>
+
case of O.P. Didn't go down.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>07 Sep 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>07 Sep 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Lovely day again. I was to
+
<br><br>            Lovely day again. I was to
 
have gone on fatigue this forenoon but it was cancelled so we had a bit of a
 
have gone on fatigue this forenoon but it was cancelled so we had a bit of a
 
rest, but not altogether undisturbed as there was a 'non-surprise' alarm at <st1:time
 
rest, but not altogether undisturbed as there was a 'non-surprise' alarm at <st1:time
 
Hour="16" Minute="30">4:30 p.m.</st1:time> The battalion turned out pretty
 
Hour="16" Minute="30">4:30 p.m.</st1:time> The battalion turned out pretty
 
smart, even considering they were expecting it; I don't see what good it did -
 
smart, even considering they were expecting it; I don't see what good it did -
so much 'eye-wash' no doubt. </p>
+
so much 'eye-wash' no doubt.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>After tea, went for a
+
<br><br>            After tea, went for a
 
stroll up into the corn fields and wrote to May: A glorious sunset. The nights
 
stroll up into the corn fields and wrote to May: A glorious sunset. The nights
are splendid just now.</p>
+
are splendid just now.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>08 Sep 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>08 Sep 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Breakfast at <st1:time
+
<br><br>            Breakfast at <st1:time
 
Hour="6" Minute="30">6:30 a.m.</st1:time> and left before eight for work on the
 
Hour="6" Minute="30">6:30 a.m.</st1:time> and left before eight for work on the
 
second line defences near Bouzincourt. Capt M'Leod in charge of party. We took
 
second line defences near Bouzincourt. Capt M'Leod in charge of party. We took
Line 2,549: Line 2,549:
 
round. It was a fair scorcher of a day, and we were glad of any shade to be got
 
round. It was a fair scorcher of a day, and we were glad of any shade to be got
 
from trees on the wayside, but that was not much. We got in at <st1:time
 
from trees on the wayside, but that was not much. We got in at <st1:time
Hour="14" Minute="0">2 p.m.</st1:time> </p>
+
Hour="14" Minute="0">2 p.m.</st1:time>  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Spent the afternoon in my
+
<br><br>            Spent the afternoon in my
 
sleeping bag reading and sleeping. After tea went down to Buire on the Major's
 
sleeping bag reading and sleeping. After tea went down to Buire on the Major's
horse.</p>
+
horse.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>09 Sep 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>09 Sep 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Splendid day again.
+
<br><br>            Splendid day again.
 
Breakfast at <st1:time Hour="8" Minute="0">8 a.m.</st1:time>, as the fatigue
 
Breakfast at <st1:time Hour="8" Minute="0">8 a.m.</st1:time>, as the fatigue
 
part wasn't in till about 3 a.m. Another left at <st1:time Hour="12" Minute="0">noon</st1:time>,
 
part wasn't in till about 3 a.m. Another left at <st1:time Hour="12" Minute="0">noon</st1:time>,
 
so dinner was at 11. Many who were on last night were on again today. The men
 
so dinner was at 11. Many who were on last night were on again today. The men
are getting footsore. </p>
+
are getting footsore.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Lay in most of the day, as
+
<br><br>            Lay in most of the day, as
 
I am rather stiff and have a bit of a cold coming on. Worked after tea at
 
I am rather stiff and have a bit of a cold coming on. Worked after tea at
 
Fortnum and Mason's accounts with <st1:City><st1:place>Murray</st1:place></st1:City>,
 
Fortnum and Mason's accounts with <st1:City><st1:place>Murray</st1:place></st1:City>,
 
trying to get them squared off but there are several difficulties. We tackled
 
trying to get them squared off but there are several difficulties. We tackled
 
it again with the help of the Major after they came back but with no greater
 
it again with the help of the Major after they came back but with no greater
success. It can only be a very approximate allocation.</p>
+
success. It can only be a very approximate allocation.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>10 Sep 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>10 Sep 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Breakfast at <st1:time
+
<br><br>            Breakfast at <st1:time
 
Hour="8" Minute="0">8 a.m.</st1:time> Another splendid day with more air. No
 
Hour="8" Minute="0">8 a.m.</st1:time> Another splendid day with more air. No
 
fatigue today, but had an inspection parade, under platoon arrangements. Some
 
fatigue today, but had an inspection parade, under platoon arrangements. Some
 
of the equipment very badly put on. Rifles are usually well kept with the
 
of the equipment very badly put on. Rifles are usually well kept with the
exception of one or two - including Skinnie. </p>
+
exception of one or two - including Skinnie.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Right half company played
+
<br><br>            Right half company played
 
left half this afternoon, resulting in a win for latter by 1-0. Finnie and I
 
left half this afternoon, resulting in a win for latter by 1-0. Finnie and I
 
played for left half, and Blacko, in a flimsy costume and identity disc played
 
played for left half, and Blacko, in a flimsy costume and identity disc played
 
for right. There was too much temper in it, especially on old Stewart's part.
 
for right. There was too much temper in it, especially on old Stewart's part.
 
The refereeing was strict to excess. Very good game all the same, and although
 
The refereeing was strict to excess. Very good game all the same, and although
I fell absolutely pegged out I believe it has done my cold good. </p>
+
I fell absolutely pegged out I believe it has done my cold good.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Laurie [?] has gone away
+
<br><br>            Laurie [?] has gone away
 
with some skin trouble, and don't expect he will come back. Watson away to
 
with some skin trouble, and don't expect he will come back. Watson away to
hospital again, this time with his eyes.</p>
+
hospital again, this time with his eyes.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'>&nbsp;</p>
+
<center>&nbsp;
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>BACK
+
<center><b><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>BACK
INTO THE LINE<o:p></o:p></span></u></b></p>
+
INTO THE LINE</u></b>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>11 Sep 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>11 Sep 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Rifle inspection as usual.
+
<br><br>            Rifle inspection as usual.
 
Billets had to be cleaned up in the afternoon: have always to keep nagging at
 
Billets had to be cleaned up in the afternoon: have always to keep nagging at
 
this job. Teas at <st1:time Hour="15" Minute="30">3:30</st1:time>. Marched off
 
this job. Teas at <st1:time Hour="15" Minute="30">3:30</st1:time>. Marched off
at <st1:time Hour="17" Minute="0">5 p.m.</st1:time> No. 4 platoon leading. </p>
+
at <st1:time Hour="17" Minute="0">5 p.m.</st1:time> No. 4 platoon leading.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>The day had been very hot
+
<br><br>            The day had been very hot
 
but it was a grand evening for marching, although road very dusty. They were
 
but it was a grand evening for marching, although road very dusty. They were
 
taking in the harvest along the roadside, and away in the distance beyond
 
taking in the harvest along the roadside, and away in the distance beyond
Line 2,610: Line 2,610:
 
the top: and beyond the Chateau we had about as far to go again. We were posted
 
the top: and beyond the Chateau we had about as far to go again. We were posted
 
by about <st1:time Hour="10" Minute="0">10 o'clock</st1:time>. Turned in till <st1:time
 
by about <st1:time Hour="10" Minute="0">10 o'clock</st1:time>. Turned in till <st1:time
Hour="4" Minute="0">4 a.m.</st1:time></p>
+
Hour="4" Minute="0">4 a.m.</st1:time>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>12 Sep 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>12 Sep 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Wakened at <st1:time
+
<br><br>            Wakened at <st1:time
 
Hour="4" Minute="0">4 a.m.</st1:time> and went on duty with Blackie. Splendid
 
Hour="4" Minute="0">4 a.m.</st1:time> and went on duty with Blackie. Splendid
 
morning, the trench especially what is held by No. 4, is in a bad state of
 
morning, the trench especially what is held by No. 4, is in a bad state of
 
repair. We vary from about 200 yards to 100 yards from Germans. Pretty quiet
 
repair. We vary from about 200 yards to 100 yards from Germans. Pretty quiet
all day - a few trench mortars on the left. </p>
+
all day - a few trench mortars on the left.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>One of the Neats in No. 2
+
<br><br>            One of the Neats in No. 2
 
was shot through the head while looking over the parapet through his telescope.
 
was shot through the head while looking over the parapet through his telescope.
He was always too daring. His brother was very much cut up. </p>
+
He was always too daring. His brother was very much cut up.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>We are working one officer
+
<br><br>            We are working one officer
 
in firing line here, as we have a small frontage. I was on at night from 10 to
 
in firing line here, as we have a small frontage. I was on at night from 10 to
1 so had a decent sleep.</p>
+
1 so had a decent sleep.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>13 Sep 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>13 Sep 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Breakfast was a bit late as
+
<br><br>            Breakfast was a bit late as
 
'C' Coy is not strong enough for all the fatigues. Poor old 'C' they don't get
 
'C' Coy is not strong enough for all the fatigues. Poor old 'C' they don't get
much consideration - some think too much including Howie. </p>
+
much consideration - some think too much including Howie.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Got a fatigue party on to
+
<br><br>            Got a fatigue party on to
 
sandbagging the trench. There's a tremendous lot of work to be done before the
 
sandbagging the trench. There's a tremendous lot of work to be done before the
 
trench will be suitable for winter. Carried on in the afternoon, but had to
 
trench will be suitable for winter. Carried on in the afternoon, but had to
Line 2,643: Line 2,643:
 
in strength till it was like an express train coming up. Sometimes the bombs
 
in strength till it was like an express train coming up. Sometimes the bombs
 
lay for a few seconds but usually they burst immediately they reached the ground.
 
lay for a few seconds but usually they burst immediately they reached the ground.
They sent over a lot of rifle grenades.</p>
+
They sent over a lot of rifle grenades.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>14 Sep 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>14 Sep 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>On duty from 1 to 4 and got
+
<br><br>            On duty from 1 to 4 and got
 
in about 10 hours sleep, in spite of Blackie's snoring. No work done on the
 
in about 10 hours sleep, in spite of Blackie's snoring. No work done on the
 
trench this morning. About <st1:time Hour="11" Minute="0">11 o'clock</st1:time>
 
trench this morning. About <st1:time Hour="11" Minute="0">11 o'clock</st1:time>
 
the Germans blew up one of our mines and a number of men of the R.E. were
 
the Germans blew up one of our mines and a number of men of the R.E. were
 
gassed. One officer and three men or so were done for. Some Argyles who
 
gassed. One officer and three men or so were done for. Some Argyles who
assisted at the top of the shaft were the worse of the gas too. </p>
+
assisted at the top of the shaft were the worse of the gas too.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>We took over the left
+
<br><br>            We took over the left
 
sector of the line at <st1:time Hour="16" Minute="0">4 o'clock</st1:time>, changing
 
sector of the line at <st1:time Hour="16" Minute="0">4 o'clock</st1:time>, changing
 
over with 'D' Coy. A lot of trench mortars came over just at that time but did
 
over with 'D' Coy. A lot of trench mortars came over just at that time but did
 
no damage. No. 1 platoon lost a Melvich boy at tea-time - shot through the
 
no damage. No. 1 platoon lost a Melvich boy at tea-time - shot through the
 
parapet and Argyle working party had two killed and 5 wounded at night by a
 
parapet and Argyle working party had two killed and 5 wounded at night by a
trench mortar. </p>
+
trench mortar.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>And after all we are just
+
<br><br>            And after all we are just
 
holding on and doing no good. Our sentries in the front line are sitting in
 
holding on and doing no good. Our sentries in the front line are sitting in
 
little holes in the parapet, neither observing nor firing and the Germans are
 
little holes in the parapet, neither observing nor firing and the Germans are
firing our own mines. Everybody talks in whispers and walks on tiptoe.</p>
+
firing our own mines. Everybody talks in whispers and walks on tiptoe.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>15 Sep 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>15 Sep 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Was on duty from <st1:time
+
<br><br>            Was on duty from <st1:time
 
Hour="0" Minute="0">midnight</st1:time> until six. Sat in the dugout and read
 
Hour="0" Minute="0">midnight</st1:time> until six. Sat in the dugout and read
 
all the time. Quiet night and no casualties in the Coy. Was round the front
 
all the time. Quiet night and no casualties in the Coy. Was round the front
Line 2,675: Line 2,675:
 
to start tomorrow - combined movement by the British and French. That explains
 
to start tomorrow - combined movement by the British and French. That explains
 
the heavy cannonading we have been hearing for the day or two, to our right and
 
the heavy cannonading we have been hearing for the day or two, to our right and
left, mainly left. We are evidently not to be in the first push. </p>
+
left, mainly left. We are evidently not to be in the first push.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>A bombing party were sent
+
<br><br>            A bombing party were sent
 
out tonight to try to jigger up one of the German mines. They threw some bombs
 
out tonight to try to jigger up one of the German mines. They threw some bombs
 
and got back safely but whether they accomplished anything or not we don't
 
and got back safely but whether they accomplished anything or not we don't
 
know. We had some hefty trench mortars and rifle grenades back by way of
 
know. We had some hefty trench mortars and rifle grenades back by way of
 
reaction, some of the <st1:place>Bolton</st1:place> boys got badly shaken but
 
reaction, some of the <st1:place>Bolton</st1:place> boys got badly shaken but
nothing worse happened.</p>
+
nothing worse happened.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>16 Sep 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>16 Sep 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Sat in the dug out reading
+
<br><br>            Sat in the dug out reading
 
and writing till <st1:time Hour="5" Minute="0">5a.m.</st1:time> but the
 
and writing till <st1:time Hour="5" Minute="0">5a.m.</st1:time> but the
 
atmosphere was stifling and the flies a torment, so I had to get out
 
atmosphere was stifling and the flies a torment, so I had to get out
Line 2,692: Line 2,692:
 
posts had 'retired' before a series of mortar bombs and rifle grenades. We
 
posts had 'retired' before a series of mortar bombs and rifle grenades. We
 
could see the trench mortars coming quite well with a tail of sparks behind. No
 
could see the trench mortars coming quite well with a tail of sparks behind. No
casualties. </p>
+
casualties.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>In the afternoon our
+
<br><br>            In the afternoon our
 
artillery bombarded the enemy's trenches and tried to demolish the craters
 
artillery bombarded the enemy's trenches and tried to demolish the craters
 
between the lines. They fired about 12 huge explosives (2 duds). The company
 
between the lines. They fired about 12 huge explosives (2 duds). The company
Line 2,700: Line 2,700:
 
short and made a dickens of a mess of our own trench. The result was that we
 
short and made a dickens of a mess of our own trench. The result was that we
 
had to put on fatigue parties to build up and clear our own trenches after our
 
had to put on fatigue parties to build up and clear our own trenches after our
own guns.</p>
+
own guns.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>17 Sep 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>17 Sep 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>So hot in the dug-out that
+
<br><br>            So hot in the dug-out that
 
I sat outside the door all night, among the rats. Finally lay down and slept
 
I sat outside the door all night, among the rats. Finally lay down and slept
for an hour. Very quiet all night. </p>
+
for an hour. Very quiet all night.  
  
 
<br><br>Had to get the trenches cleared up today to hand them over clean, and must
 
<br><br>Had to get the trenches cleared up today to hand them over clean, and must
Line 2,716: Line 2,716:
 
and through Albert, and once over the rise we sat down, glad to be out and on
 
and through Albert, and once over the rise we sat down, glad to be out and on
 
top of the ground. The men were in good spirits and sang a good deal which is
 
top of the ground. The men were in good spirits and sang a good deal which is
unusual at such a time. </p>
+
unusual at such a time.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Arrived Henencourt at <st1:time
+
<br><br>            Arrived Henencourt at <st1:time
 
Hour="22" Minute="0">10 p.m.</st1:time> fairly well fagged out, and made a
 
Hour="22" Minute="0">10 p.m.</st1:time> fairly well fagged out, and made a
 
bee-line for Splosh and Blackie's estaminet where we had a couple of bottles of
 
bee-line for Splosh and Blackie's estaminet where we had a couple of bottles of
champagne: then a cup of tea as we had sent the cooks on ahead. Then to bed.</p>
+
champagne: then a cup of tea as we had sent the cooks on ahead. Then to bed.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>18 Sep 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>18 Sep 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Breakfast at 10. At 11
+
<br><br>            Breakfast at 10. At 11
 
marched down to Buire for a wash and a bathe. Very hot and dusty. Had a good
 
marched down to Buire for a wash and a bathe. Very hot and dusty. Had a good
 
bathe. Adjourned to the Pharmacie and helped Splosh with a bottle of Bass. Got
 
bathe. Adjourned to the Pharmacie and helped Splosh with a bottle of Bass. Got
 
back to Buire at 4 and had dinner - Macconochie, and roasted apples. Nothing
 
back to Buire at 4 and had dinner - Macconochie, and roasted apples. Nothing
doing tonight. Had stroll in the moonlight.</p>
+
doing tonight. Had stroll in the moonlight.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>19 Sep 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>19 Sep 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Another very hot day.
+
<br><br>            Another very hot day.
 
Orderly officer today, which I discovered only ten minutes before time for
 
Orderly officer today, which I discovered only ten minutes before time for
 
guard-mounting. Company inspected by C.O. in the afternoon and pronounced very
 
guard-mounting. Company inspected by C.O. in the afternoon and pronounced very
 
good. Don't know what makes them take that badgering tone with the men. Perhaps
 
good. Don't know what makes them take that badgering tone with the men. Perhaps
 
it's modesty, but I think if Davidson told them they had done well in the
 
it's modesty, but I think if Davidson told them they had done well in the
trenches they would think more of themselves and of him too. </p>
+
trenches they would think more of themselves and of him too.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Church parade at <st1:time
+
<br><br>            Church parade at <st1:time
 
Hour="18" Minute="0">6 p.m.</st1:time>, Herbert Reid preaching on &quot;This
 
Hour="18" Minute="0">6 p.m.</st1:time>, Herbert Reid preaching on &quot;This
 
Gospel&quot;. I walked back to Millencourt with him. He has opened a dry
 
Gospel&quot;. I walked back to Millencourt with him. He has opened a dry
Line 2,746: Line 2,746:
 
argument with <st1:City><st1:place>Murray</st1:place></st1:City> and Moy Hall
 
argument with <st1:City><st1:place>Murray</st1:place></st1:City> and Moy Hall
 
tonight about God and the War, Marriage, etc. and as a consequence felt very
 
tonight about God and the War, Marriage, etc. and as a consequence felt very
restless tonight.</p>
+
restless tonight.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>20 Sep 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>20 Sep 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Breakfast <st1:time Hour="6"
+
<br><br>            Breakfast <st1:time Hour="6"
 
Minute="0">6 a.m.</st1:time> To Bouzincourt at <st1:time Hour="19" Minute="15">7:15</st1:time>
 
Minute="0">6 a.m.</st1:time> To Bouzincourt at <st1:time Hour="19" Minute="15">7:15</st1:time>
 
with fatigue party. Perfect day with a nip in the air. Large fatigue party out,
 
with fatigue party. Perfect day with a nip in the air. Large fatigue party out,
Line 2,757: Line 2,757:
 
Divisional Transport Officer. Got a few letters written and am now trying to
 
Divisional Transport Officer. Got a few letters written and am now trying to
 
square up the Mess accounts but it strikes me that somehow I'm running this on
 
square up the Mess accounts but it strikes me that somehow I'm running this on
my own money.</p>
+
my own money.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>21 Sep 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>21 Sep 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Lord Kitchener inspected us
+
<br><br>            Lord Kitchener inspected us
 
this afternoon before we went into the trenches. He was very red in the face,
 
this afternoon before we went into the trenches. He was very red in the face,
 
and the fellows said worried looking. We marched straight off after the
 
and the fellows said worried looking. We marched straight off after the
Line 2,768: Line 2,768:
 
lying across the street. Got into our quarters in the Bois d'Authuille about <st1:time
 
lying across the street. Got into our quarters in the Bois d'Authuille about <st1:time
 
Hour="19" Minute="0">7 p.m.</st1:time> Had a late supper as we had some trouble
 
Hour="19" Minute="0">7 p.m.</st1:time> Had a late supper as we had some trouble
with the mess cart.</p>
+
with the mess cart.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>22 Sep 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>22 Sep 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Breakfast at <st1:time
+
<br><br>            Breakfast at <st1:time
 
Hour="8" Minute="0">8 a.m.</st1:time> We have a splendid mess with a pergola
 
Hour="8" Minute="0">8 a.m.</st1:time> We have a splendid mess with a pergola
 
and verandah outside. This is my birthday and a splendid day too. Splosh and I
 
and verandah outside. This is my birthday and a splendid day too. Splosh and I
 
made a set of chessmen out of cardboard and had a game. We haven't managed a
 
made a set of chessmen out of cardboard and had a game. We haven't managed a
wash today - in fact it has been a very lazy day. </p>
+
wash today - in fact it has been a very lazy day.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>My birthday cake hasn't
+
<br><br>            My birthday cake hasn't
 
arrived yet and I'm afraid Mother will be much disappointed when she knows.
 
arrived yet and I'm afraid Mother will be much disappointed when she knows.
 
Still we managed a first class tea with sardines, queen-cakes, currant buns,
 
Still we managed a first class tea with sardines, queen-cakes, currant buns,
 
etc. and later in the evening champagne. We had a fire in the mess and were
 
etc. and later in the evening champagne. We had a fire in the mess and were
very nice and cozy. Finnie is grubbing with D Coy to be near H.Q.s.</p>
+
very nice and cozy. Finnie is grubbing with D Coy to be near H.Q.s.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>23 Sep 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>23 Sep 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Rather dull and sultry
+
<br><br>            Rather dull and sultry
 
today. Nothing doing all day, except smoking and eating sweeties. After tea,
 
today. Nothing doing all day, except smoking and eating sweeties. After tea,
 
had to go over to Head Qrs. and see to the digging of some dummy trenches.
 
had to go over to Head Qrs. and see to the digging of some dummy trenches.
 
Thunderstorm came on and the men got soaked so they worked hard. The guns have
 
Thunderstorm came on and the men got soaked so they worked hard. The guns have
 
been going it strong today, making a great din in the trees and I hear that La
 
been going it strong today, making a great din in the trees and I hear that La
Boisselle has been heavily bombarded by us. </p>
+
Boisselle has been heavily bombarded by us.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Freegard had a narrow
+
<br><br>            Freegard had a narrow
 
escape last night. Went out with an Argyle officer to take in a flag which the
 
escape last night. Went out with an Argyle officer to take in a flag which the
 
Germans had planted before our line. There was a bomb attached to the stick,
 
Germans had planted before our line. There was a bomb attached to the stick,
 
and it exploded and killed the other officer. Machine guns were turned on them
 
and it exploded and killed the other officer. Machine guns were turned on them
then.</p>
+
then.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>24 Sep 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>24 Sep 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Still raining this morning:
+
<br><br>            Still raining this morning:
 
the woods were soaking and the road and paths all turned to mud. After
 
the woods were soaking and the road and paths all turned to mud. After
breakfast we lit a wood fire in the Mess, and played Bridge till dinner. </p>
+
breakfast we lit a wood fire in the Mess, and played Bridge till dinner.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Was up at the 6th Seaforth
+
<br><br>            Was up at the 6th Seaforth
 
lines with party in the afternoon but didn't wait. The Brigadier is afraid the
 
lines with party in the afternoon but didn't wait. The Brigadier is afraid the
 
Germans have gone back as things are very quiet so he wanted Nicolson to take a
 
Germans have gone back as things are very quiet so he wanted Nicolson to take a
Line 2,811: Line 2,811:
 
pip-squeaks. They will likely leave a few machine guns in their front trench up
 
pip-squeaks. They will likely leave a few machine guns in their front trench up
 
to the very last. Our guns have been giving it to them very hot all day, and
 
to the very last. Our guns have been giving it to them very hot all day, and
the wood has been echoing with the reports. </p>
+
the wood has been echoing with the reports.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Gid and Harper in to tea
+
<br><br>            Gid and Harper in to tea
 
which was rather a spread with sardines and tomato sauce, apple tarts and seed
 
which was rather a spread with sardines and tomato sauce, apple tarts and seed
cake.</p>
+
cake.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>25 Sep 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>25 Sep 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Raining hard all night, and
+
<br><br>            Raining hard all night, and
 
most of the day. Had a fatigue party up to 6th Seaforths, building parapet.
 
most of the day. Had a fatigue party up to 6th Seaforths, building parapet.
'Davit' in to dinner and tea. He is always so cheery. </p>
+
'Davit' in to dinner and tea. He is always so cheery.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Sat in all afternoon and
+
<br><br>            Sat in all afternoon and
 
evening with a big wood fire. Our guns have been going strong most of the day
 
evening with a big wood fire. Our guns have been going strong most of the day
 
and the Germans lying dogo mostly. Good news today. We have broken through on
 
and the Germans lying dogo mostly. Good news today. We have broken through on
 
the North. The Germans here are a bit jumpy, and the 6th gave then a bit rapid
 
the North. The Germans here are a bit jumpy, and the 6th gave then a bit rapid
and a cheer at 'Stand to', which brought a brisk reply. </p>
+
and a cheer at 'Stand to', which brought a brisk reply.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Finished up the evening
+
<br><br>            Finished up the evening
 
with a great argument in the mess, ending up on evolution which the Major
 
with a great argument in the mess, ending up on evolution which the Major
strongly opposes.</p>
+
strongly opposes.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>26 Sep 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>26 Sep 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Rather a better day. Got
+
<br><br>            Rather a better day. Got
 
the dugouts cleaned up. Were relieved at <st1:time Hour="17" Minute="0">5 p.m.</st1:time>
 
the dugouts cleaned up. Were relieved at <st1:time Hour="17" Minute="0">5 p.m.</st1:time>
 
and just after my platoon got clear, some pip-squeaks came over and Black's lot
 
and just after my platoon got clear, some pip-squeaks came over and Black's lot
Line 2,841: Line 2,841:
 
once we got onto the high road it was grand. Company formed up on the other
 
once we got onto the high road it was grand. Company formed up on the other
 
side of Albert. From there we had the pipes, and the moon came up. There's no
 
side of Albert. From there we had the pipes, and the moon came up. There's no
time like the march to billets.</p>
+
time like the march to billets.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>27 Sep 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>27 Sep 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Got up at about <st1:time
+
<br><br>            Got up at about <st1:time
 
Hour="8" Minute="30">8:30 a.m.</st1:time> The men were payed in the forenoon,
 
Hour="8" Minute="30">8:30 a.m.</st1:time> The men were payed in the forenoon,
 
getting only 5 Fr. each, with which they were rather dissatisfied. There was a
 
getting only 5 Fr. each, with which they were rather dissatisfied. There was a
 
good deal of drink going at night and rows in several estaminets. Tube helmet
 
good deal of drink going at night and rows in several estaminets. Tube helmet
parade before dinner.</p>
+
parade before dinner.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>28 Sep 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>28 Sep 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Cold and raw. Inspection by
+
<br><br>            Cold and raw. Inspection by
 
new Divisional General (Harper) as <st1:time Hour="14" Minute="30">2:30 p.m.</st1:time>,
 
new Divisional General (Harper) as <st1:time Hour="14" Minute="30">2:30 p.m.</st1:time>,
 
Allason having gone home in bad health. Very cold standing on parade. Short
 
Allason having gone home in bad health. Very cold standing on parade. Short
 
route march followed, round by Bresle and Baizieux. Got in to tea about six,
 
route march followed, round by Bresle and Baizieux. Got in to tea about six,
and had a good spread.</p>
+
and had a good spread.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>29 Sep 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>29 Sep 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Rather a nasty day. Battn
+
<br><br>            Rather a nasty day. Battn
 
did an attack on Millencourt. 'A' Coy formed the firing line. Funny that
 
did an attack on Millencourt. 'A' Coy formed the firing line. Funny that
 
although the men have all been under fire they wouldn't get down on their
 
although the men have all been under fire they wouldn't get down on their
Line 2,868: Line 2,868:
 
all afternoon and at <st1:time Hour="20" Minute="0">8 p.m.</st1:time> was
 
all afternoon and at <st1:time Hour="20" Minute="0">8 p.m.</st1:time> was
 
detailed to report to Martinsart at <st1:time Hour="9" Minute="0">9 a.m.</st1:time>
 
detailed to report to Martinsart at <st1:time Hour="9" Minute="0">9 a.m.</st1:time>
tomorrow morning.</p>
+
tomorrow morning.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>30 Sep 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>30 Sep 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Left Henencourt after an
+
<br><br>            Left Henencourt after an
 
early breakfast for Martinsart, along with Nicolson, to take over at Authuille.
 
early breakfast for Martinsart, along with Nicolson, to take over at Authuille.
 
Howie and Barnetson came over on horseback. Arrived at Authuille via Martinsart
 
Howie and Barnetson came over on horseback. Arrived at Authuille via Martinsart
Line 2,881: Line 2,881:
 
bedroom with two beds. Black and Splosh have gone over to the post on the
 
bedroom with two beds. Black and Splosh have gone over to the post on the
 
railway, where there are now two platoons. The other two are in the dug-out
 
railway, where there are now two platoons. The other two are in the dug-out
down below the river bank. </p>
+
down below the river bank.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>As we came along by
+
<br><br>            As we came along by
 
Bouzincourt this morning we saw a German aeroplane brought down by a Britisher.
 
Bouzincourt this morning we saw a German aeroplane brought down by a Britisher.
 
Both occupants were killed. There was an immediate rush for souvenirs, and one
 
Both occupants were killed. There was an immediate rush for souvenirs, and one
 
fellow made off with the machine's 'tail' and though chased by two sentries
 
fellow made off with the machine's 'tail' and though chased by two sentries
managed to 'make good'.</p>
+
managed to 'make good'.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>October
+
<center><b><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>October
1915<o:p></o:p></span></b></p>
+
1915</b>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>01 Oct 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>01 Oct 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Had a very good sleep in
+
<br><br>            Had a very good sleep in
 
the cellar. The weather seems to have settled down again to another fine spell.
 
the cellar. The weather seems to have settled down again to another fine spell.
 
Went round to the railway post with the Major after brekker. The Mound Keep is
 
Went round to the railway post with the Major after brekker. The Mound Keep is
much improved, and a lot of new dugouts have been made.</p>
+
much improved, and a lot of new dugouts have been made.
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>George Murray and Howie put
+
<br><br>            George Murray and Howie put
 
a stove into the mess in the afternoon and we are now fortified against the
 
a stove into the mess in the afternoon and we are now fortified against the
 
cold. The nights are very cold now. Things are very quiet on the line here.
 
cold. The nights are very cold now. Things are very quiet on the line here.
Practically no shelling and only very few trench mortars up at the Chateau.</p>
+
Practically no shelling and only very few trench mortars up at the Chateau.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>02 Oct 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>02 Oct 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Splendid morning and had a
+
<br><br>            Splendid morning and had a
 
bracing wash in the weir - hands and face only. Went over to MacMahon's post in
 
bracing wash in the weir - hands and face only. Went over to MacMahon's post in
 
the forenoon. Black and Splosh at breakfast. Steven D in waiting. Splosh
 
the forenoon. Black and Splosh at breakfast. Steven D in waiting. Splosh
ordered by the MO to go to bed as he has been badly for several days. </p>
+
ordered by the MO to go to bed as he has been badly for several days.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>After dinner we saw a lot
+
<br><br>            After dinner we saw a lot
 
of black smoke rising from their direction and it proved to be from the fire
 
of black smoke rising from their direction and it proved to be from the fire
 
Splosh had got lit in the shelters below the bridge. The place was burnt out,
 
Splosh had got lit in the shelters below the bridge. The place was burnt out,
Line 2,917: Line 2,917:
 
over Splosh and Black were looking very down in the mouth but the Major's
 
over Splosh and Black were looking very down in the mouth but the Major's
 
cheery face soon put them to rights. He wasn't in the least put out about it.
 
cheery face soon put them to rights. He wasn't in the least put out about it.
Blacko lost his greatcoat, magnapole, etc in the conflagration.</p>
+
Blacko lost his greatcoat, magnapole, etc in the conflagration.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>03 Oct 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>03 Oct 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Another lovely day. On
+
<br><br>            Another lovely day. On
 
fatigue at <st1:time Hour="9" Minute="0">9 a.m.</st1:time> with party working
 
fatigue at <st1:time Hour="9" Minute="0">9 a.m.</st1:time> with party working
 
on drain for water pipe which is to take 2 gallons per man per day to the
 
on drain for water pipe which is to take 2 gallons per man per day to the
Line 2,927: Line 2,927:
 
over several times and we had to stop work several times. Shrapnel doesn't seem
 
over several times and we had to stop work several times. Shrapnel doesn't seem
 
to be much good against them and I have never seen or heard of a plane being
 
to be much good against them and I have never seen or heard of a plane being
brought down by it. Dinner was sent up. </p>
+
brought down by it. Dinner was sent up.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Sat in all night playing
+
<br><br>            Sat in all night playing
 
bridge, etc. I hear today that the <st1:City><st1:place>Kitchener</st1:place></st1:City>'s
 
bridge, etc. I hear today that the <st1:City><st1:place>Kitchener</st1:place></st1:City>'s
lot have withdrawn from the Ilo and Dinhollow trenches at La Boisselle.</p>
+
lot have withdrawn from the Ilo and Dinhollow trenches at La Boisselle.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>04 Oct 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>04 Oct 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Splosh went to hospital
+
<br><br>            Splosh went to hospital
 
this morning so I had to take his place at the bridge and the new officers
 
this morning so I had to take his place at the bridge and the new officers
 
dug-out is a wretched affair. We have decided to have our grub at the Mess.
 
dug-out is a wretched affair. We have decided to have our grub at the Mess.
Line 2,941: Line 2,941:
 
probably owing to the hospitals being cleared out for influx of casualties from
 
probably owing to the hospitals being cleared out for influx of casualties from
 
the North. We are now 4 officers short. The draft of men (87) arrived late
 
the North. We are now 4 officers short. The draft of men (87) arrived late
tonight. </p>
+
tonight.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>The work at MacMahon's post
+
<br><br>            The work at MacMahon's post
 
is going ahead but the Brigadier was round today condemning the roofs of the
 
is going ahead but the Brigadier was round today condemning the roofs of the
 
dug-outs as not being shell-proof. Fortunately they are the work of the
 
dug-outs as not being shell-proof. Fortunately they are the work of the
Gordons. Heavy bombardment going on to the North.</p>
+
Gordons. Heavy bombardment going on to the North.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>05 Oct 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>05 Oct 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Had a very good sleep in
+
<br><br>            Had a very good sleep in
 
spite of Blacko's snoring. Wrote in the afternoon in the mess. Wet outside. The
 
spite of Blacko's snoring. Wrote in the afternoon in the mess. Wet outside. The
 
Court Martial on Dunvegan came off tonight and up to the time I left was 'gey
 
Court Martial on Dunvegan came off tonight and up to the time I left was 'gey
 
dreich' but I understand it livened up considerably towards the end when George
 
dreich' but I understand it livened up considerably towards the end when George
Murray was well canned.</p>
+
Murray was well canned.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>06 Oct 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>06 Oct 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Today misty a bit. Made a
+
<br><br>            Today misty a bit. Made a
 
sketch of Berridale Brae. In the evening played bridge and went with Howie and
 
sketch of Berridale Brae. In the evening played bridge and went with Howie and
 
Black to hunt rats. Not very successful. Stalker came back tonight from St.
 
Black to hunt rats. Not very successful. Stalker came back tonight from St.
 
Omer where he was for machinegun course. Says British are rather downhearted in
 
Omer where he was for machinegun course. Says British are rather downhearted in
 
the North at not having done so well as they hoped. But we must and shall win
 
the North at not having done so well as they hoped. But we must and shall win
in the end, however far away that may be, and however few of us live to see it.</p>
+
in the end, however far away that may be, and however few of us live to see it.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>07 Oct 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>07 Oct 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Better weather today. Captain
+
<br><br>            Better weather today. Captain
 
Sutherland comes in every day for dinner which is followed by a game of quoits
 
Sutherland comes in every day for dinner which is followed by a game of quoits
 
in the back garden. We are always glad to see his cheery face. More rat hunting
 
in the back garden. We are always glad to see his cheery face. More rat hunting
 
tonight and bridge. French are reported to be going on yet in <st1:State><st1:place>Champagne</st1:place></st1:State>.
 
tonight and bridge. French are reported to be going on yet in <st1:State><st1:place>Champagne</st1:place></st1:State>.
Dreamt last night of killing rats.</p>
+
Dreamt last night of killing rats.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>08 Oct 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>08 Oct 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Nothing doing today. Bridge
+
<br><br>            Nothing doing today. Bridge
 
as usual after tea. <s>Stalker came back tonight an</s> Howie, Dunvegan and
 
as usual after tea. <s>Stalker came back tonight an</s> Howie, Dunvegan and
 
myself had a rat-hunt on our way home as <st1:time Hour="23" Minute="0">11 p.m.</st1:time>
 
myself had a rat-hunt on our way home as <st1:time Hour="23" Minute="0">11 p.m.</st1:time>
It has to stop now though as too many lights are being seen in the village.</p>
+
It has to stop now though as too many lights are being seen in the village.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>09 Oct 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>09 Oct 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Thick and misty today. No
+
<br><br>            Thick and misty today. No
 
news of the fighting today. At the Mound Keep for the forenoon. The dugouts are
 
news of the fighting today. At the Mound Keep for the forenoon. The dugouts are
 
all ready for roofing now if only the corrugated iron would come. The Argyles
 
all ready for roofing now if only the corrugated iron would come. The Argyles
Line 2,988: Line 2,988:
 
are using very heavy mortars. Fatigue parties of out men were sent up to
 
are using very heavy mortars. Fatigue parties of out men were sent up to
 
repair, and evidently to the General's satisfaction as he asked to see Sgt Reid
 
repair, and evidently to the General's satisfaction as he asked to see Sgt Reid
and L/Cpl Keith both of 'C' Coy, today.</p>
+
and L/Cpl Keith both of 'C' Coy, today.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>10 Oct 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>10 Oct 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>This turned out to be a
+
<br><br>            This turned out to be a
 
fine quiet day. We were relieved tonight by the 8th Black Watch, so most of the
 
fine quiet day. We were relieved tonight by the 8th Black Watch, so most of the
 
day was spent in tidying up. The Major wouldn't play quoits this afternoon,
 
day was spent in tidying up. The Major wouldn't play quoits this afternoon,
 
being Sunday. Sat in the dug outs with George M'Kay and Hugh Fraser and others,
 
being Sunday. Sat in the dug outs with George M'Kay and Hugh Fraser and others,
with a roaring fire and had solos from various singers. </p>
+
with a roaring fire and had solos from various singers.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Got a splendid starry night
+
<br><br>            Got a splendid starry night
 
for marching to billets - the men were in good form and sang most of the way.
 
for marching to billets - the men were in good form and sang most of the way.
 
The Germans dropped four shrapnel in Aveluy before we reached it, and put some
 
The Germans dropped four shrapnel in Aveluy before we reached it, and put some
Line 3,004: Line 3,004:
 
good deal of noise, so I think they had spotted the relief. Got into
 
good deal of noise, so I think they had spotted the relief. Got into
 
Stenencourt about <st1:time Hour="23" Minute="25">11:25 p.m.</st1:time> Tea was
 
Stenencourt about <st1:time Hour="23" Minute="25">11:25 p.m.</st1:time> Tea was
issued to the men, along with a tot of rum.</p>
+
issued to the men, along with a tot of rum.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>11 Oct 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>11 Oct 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Breakfast wasn't until
+
<br><br>            Breakfast wasn't until
 
about <st1:time Hour="9" Minute="0">9 a.m.</st1:time> this morning. A pleasant
 
about <st1:time Hour="9" Minute="0">9 a.m.</st1:time> this morning. A pleasant
 
day, but a bit heavy. Loafed about forenoon and afternoon. Bridge at night.
 
day, but a bit heavy. Loafed about forenoon and afternoon. Bridge at night.
 
Argument as to why there is an increased % of male children during or after a
 
Argument as to why there is an increased % of male children during or after a
big war. The matter was to be referred to the Doc. but he didn't turn up.</p>
+
big war. The matter was to be referred to the Doc. but he didn't turn up.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>12 Oct 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>12 Oct 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Early breakfast and left
+
<br><br>            Early breakfast and left
 
for Bouzincourt at <st1:time Hour="7" Minute="15">7:15 a.m.</st1:time> Got back
 
for Bouzincourt at <st1:time Hour="7" Minute="15">7:15 a.m.</st1:time> Got back
 
4 p.m. Fine day. Dugouts are now being made 13 feet deep with 5 feet headroom
 
4 p.m. Fine day. Dugouts are now being made 13 feet deep with 5 feet headroom
Line 3,026: Line 3,026:
 
Morrison came back today from Bray where he has been getting instruction in
 
Morrison came back today from Bray where he has been getting instruction in
 
Adjutant's work. George Murray had a few straight words with Thomson, Staff
 
Adjutant's work. George Murray had a few straight words with Thomson, Staff
Capt.</p>
+
Capt.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>13 Oct 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>13 Oct 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Route march round by Bresle
+
<br><br>            Route march round by Bresle
 
and Brazieux [?] today. Rather close marching and I was glad I had made up my
 
and Brazieux [?] today. Rather close marching and I was glad I had made up my
 
pack with my air-pillow instead of with heavier stuff. Jock the Post nearly put
 
pack with my air-pillow instead of with heavier stuff. Jock the Post nearly put
 
his fist through it. The autumn tints are on the trees now, and the apples
 
his fist through it. The autumn tints are on the trees now, and the apples
still hanging are russet and brown. </p>
+
still hanging are russet and brown.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Game of quoits before tea,
+
<br><br>            Game of quoits before tea,
 
which came on at five with boiled eggs and curried prawns. Splosh got a huge
 
which came on at five with boiled eggs and curried prawns. Splosh got a huge
 
parcel tonight which turned out to be 100 parti-coloured sandbags. They are to
 
parcel tonight which turned out to be 100 parti-coloured sandbags. They are to
 
be used for screening the officers' latrine, there being no lack of sandbags
 
be used for screening the officers' latrine, there being no lack of sandbags
 
here now. Finnie has definitely forsaken us for the H.Q. mess. Heavy
 
here now. Finnie has definitely forsaken us for the H.Q. mess. Heavy
bombardment away to the North.</p>
+
bombardment away to the North.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>14 Oct 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>14 Oct 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Another fatigue this
+
<br><br>            Another fatigue this
 
morning to Bouzincourt, the Major, Howie, Blacko, Freegard and myself. Howie
 
morning to Bouzincourt, the Major, Howie, Blacko, Freegard and myself. Howie
 
and Blackie spent the day in Albert and reappeared in time to march back with
 
and Blackie spent the day in Albert and reappeared in time to march back with
Line 3,051: Line 3,051:
 
the occasion with a boiled meat duff. Tea immediately after, and a shave and
 
the occasion with a boiled meat duff. Tea immediately after, and a shave and
 
then the Concert at the Chateau. The hits of the evening were topical songs for
 
then the Concert at the Chateau. The hits of the evening were topical songs for
which Splosh was mainly responsible. The Brigadier and the Countess were there.</p>
+
which Splosh was mainly responsible. The Brigadier and the Countess were there.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>15 Oct 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>15 Oct 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Field day - attacking
+
<br><br>            Field day - attacking
 
position other side of Bresle which Finnie and the stretcher bearers had taken
 
position other side of Bresle which Finnie and the stretcher bearers had taken
 
up. 'A' Coy was to deliver a flank attack but it was rather late. Very misty
 
up. 'A' Coy was to deliver a flank attack but it was rather late. Very misty
 
and difficult to see what was going on. Slept all afternoon. Second night of
 
and difficult to see what was going on. Slept all afternoon. Second night of
 
the concert wasn't quite so good as first as there was some repetition of last
 
the concert wasn't quite so good as first as there was some repetition of last
night's songs. </p>
+
night's songs.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>At <st1:time Hour="23"
+
<br><br>            At <st1:time Hour="23"
 
Minute="0">11 p.m.</st1:time> the alarm went, without the least warning. No. 4
 
Minute="0">11 p.m.</st1:time> the alarm went, without the least warning. No. 4
 
Platoon was about the last to turn out. The Adjie was in a screaming and
 
Platoon was about the last to turn out. The Adjie was in a screaming and
Line 3,068: Line 3,068:
 
about <st1:time Hour="0" Minute="30">12:30 a.m.</st1:time> I hear our battalion
 
about <st1:time Hour="0" Minute="30">12:30 a.m.</st1:time> I hear our battalion
 
took the longest to turn out but that was partly owing to the orderlies not
 
took the longest to turn out but that was partly owing to the orderlies not
being able to be found. </p>
+
being able to be found.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>One of the Kidds, Brora in
+
<br><br>            One of the Kidds, Brora in
at tea tonight. He is with the miners at La Boisselle.</p>
+
at tea tonight. He is with the miners at La Boisselle.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>16 Oct 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>16 Oct 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Slept in a bit this
+
<br><br>            Slept in a bit this
 
morning, Capt Morrison, Freegard and self on Court of Inquiry, on man who shot
 
morning, Capt Morrison, Freegard and self on Court of Inquiry, on man who shot
 
his hand in May. The poor beggar came out with the last draft and is being
 
his hand in May. The poor beggar came out with the last draft and is being
 
tried now. Afternoon I spent in lonesome walk round behind the Chateau woods
 
tried now. Afternoon I spent in lonesome walk round behind the Chateau woods
and tried a sketch. Finnie and J.B. Morrison in at tea.</p>
+
and tried a sketch. Finnie and J.B. Morrison in at tea.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>17 Oct 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>17 Oct 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Orderly officer and late
+
<br><br>            Orderly officer and late
 
for guard mounting. Church Parade at <st1:time Hour="10" Minute="0">10 a.m.</st1:time>
 
for guard mounting. Church Parade at <st1:time Hour="10" Minute="0">10 a.m.</st1:time>
 
Got a very good sermon from a strange padre on 'Wherefore this waste?' Misty
 
Got a very good sermon from a strange padre on 'Wherefore this waste?' Misty
Line 3,089: Line 3,089:
 
we enjoyed what there was of it. O.C.'s parade for A and B at <st1:time
 
we enjoyed what there was of it. O.C.'s parade for A and B at <st1:time
 
Hour="12" Minute="0">12 noon</st1:time>. More rapid than usual. Rest of the day
 
Hour="12" Minute="0">12 noon</st1:time>. More rapid than usual. Rest of the day
free. </p>
+
free.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Sat round the fire all <span
+
<br><br>            Sat round the fire all <span
style='mso-tab-count:1'>     </span>evening having theological arguments,
+
style='mso-tab-count:1'>     evening having theological arguments,
 
George Murray being especially keen on the 2nd Coming and producing a diagram
 
George Murray being especially keen on the 2nd Coming and producing a diagram
 
to illustrate his views. We have got an open fireplace put in, and with a big
 
to illustrate his views. We have got an open fireplace put in, and with a big
wood fire blazing on it we can be very comfortable.</p>
+
wood fire blazing on it we can be very comfortable.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>18 Oct 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>18 Oct 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Fatigue to Bouzincourt
+
<br><br>            Fatigue to Bouzincourt
 
today, reporting time as usual at <st1:time Hour="8" Minute="30">8:30 a.m.</st1:time>
 
today, reporting time as usual at <st1:time Hour="8" Minute="30">8:30 a.m.</st1:time>
 
All the officers went into Albert and had dinner - omelettes, rabbit, etc. The
 
All the officers went into Albert and had dinner - omelettes, rabbit, etc. The
 
Café Aux Voyageurs is run by two or three women, who have to take refuge in the
 
Café Aux Voyageurs is run by two or three women, who have to take refuge in the
cellars during the almost daily shelling.</p>
+
cellars during the almost daily shelling.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>19 Oct 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>19 Oct 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Left at <st1:time Hour="6"
+
<br><br>            Left at <st1:time Hour="6"
 
Minute="30">6:30 a.m.</st1:time> for fatigue at Authuille. Cold morning,
 
Minute="30">6:30 a.m.</st1:time> for fatigue at Authuille. Cold morning,
 
especially in the valley of the Ancre where it was pretty thick. Bulgar and
 
especially in the valley of the Ancre where it was pretty thick. Bulgar and
Line 3,114: Line 3,114:
 
to be wild or glad, so were the latter and got back to Henencourt just at
 
to be wild or glad, so were the latter and got back to Henencourt just at
 
dinner-time. Capt Sutherland brought some salt fish to the Mess, which we had
 
dinner-time. Capt Sutherland brought some salt fish to the Mess, which we had
for supper with Dunvegan, Danny, Gerry, etc.</p>
+
for supper with Dunvegan, Danny, Gerry, etc.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>20 Oct 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>20 Oct 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Supposed to report at
+
<br><br>            Supposed to report at
 
Authuille trenches as <st1:time Hour="10" Minute="30">10:30 a.m.</st1:time>
 
Authuille trenches as <st1:time Hour="10" Minute="30">10:30 a.m.</st1:time>
 
Splosh, Johnnie Paterson and I left about 9 and sauntered into Albert where we
 
Splosh, Johnnie Paterson and I left about 9 and sauntered into Albert where we
Line 3,127: Line 3,127:
 
cans which produces blood poisoning. The Battn came in about <st1:time Hour="20"
 
cans which produces blood poisoning. The Battn came in about <st1:time Hour="20"
 
Minute="0">8 p.m.</st1:time>, and relief was carried out through very
 
Minute="0">8 p.m.</st1:time>, and relief was carried out through very
expeditiously and without mishap.</p>
+
expeditiously and without mishap.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>21 Oct 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>21 Oct 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Mice kept me awake most of
+
<br><br>            Mice kept me awake most of
 
the night, running over my head, etc. 'A' Coy being in reserve, in <st1:Street><st1:address>Paisley
 
the night, running over my head, etc. 'A' Coy being in reserve, in <st1:Street><st1:address>Paisley
 
   Avenue</st1:address></st1:Street>, there isn't much for us to do. The Company
 
   Avenue</st1:address></st1:Street>, there isn't much for us to do. The Company
Line 3,138: Line 3,138:
 
all the cooking for the battalion is done. Very quiet in the front line. Looks
 
all the cooking for the battalion is done. Very quiet in the front line. Looks
 
as if their trench mortars had been knocked out. Retired to my dugout at <st1:time
 
as if their trench mortars had been knocked out. Retired to my dugout at <st1:time
Hour="9" Minute="30">9:30</st1:time> and had a blazing coal-fire.</p>
+
Hour="9" Minute="30">9:30</st1:time> and had a blazing coal-fire.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>22 Oct 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>22 Oct 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Very bright today. Dunvegan
+
<br><br>            Very bright today. Dunvegan
 
came limping down this morning with bad attack of lumbago, and was taken to
 
came limping down this morning with bad attack of lumbago, and was taken to
 
hospital on a stretcher - pity the bearers. I had to go up to 'B' Coy as Allen
 
hospital on a stretcher - pity the bearers. I had to go up to 'B' Coy as Allen
Line 3,148: Line 3,148:
 
number of trench mortars mixed up with shrapnel - probably to make them keep
 
number of trench mortars mixed up with shrapnel - probably to make them keep
 
their head down. One mortar got into the trench and did some damage but nobody
 
their head down. One mortar got into the trench and did some damage but nobody
hurt.</p>
+
hurt.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>23 Oct 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>23 Oct 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Duty from <st1:time Hour="3"
+
<br><br>            Duty from <st1:time Hour="3"
 
Minute="0">3 a.m.</st1:time> to <st1:time Hour="6" Minute="0">6 a.m.</st1:time>
 
Minute="0">3 a.m.</st1:time> to <st1:time Hour="6" Minute="0">6 a.m.</st1:time>
 
Fine night and very quiet. Germans working hard. General Harper round today,
 
Fine night and very quiet. Germans working hard. General Harper round today,
 
and made himself very disagreeable. Four light trench mortars and rifle
 
and made himself very disagreeable. Four light trench mortars and rifle
grenades today.</p>
+
grenades today.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>24 Oct 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>24 Oct 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>There was a ring round the
+
<br><br>            There was a ring round the
 
moon last night, so I wasn't surprised to find it threatening a break-down this
 
moon last night, so I wasn't surprised to find it threatening a break-down this
 
morning. It did break down by the afternoon and the trenches were soon muddy.
 
morning. It did break down by the afternoon and the trenches were soon muddy.
 
Had 4 heavy trench mortars over this morning, 2 duds. Nobody hurt and some wire
 
Had 4 heavy trench mortars over this morning, 2 duds. Nobody hurt and some wire
blown down. </p>
+
blown down.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Capt. Sutherland in to tea,
+
<br><br>            Capt. Sutherland in to tea,
 
and Johnnie Morrison, who left for furlough tonight. Had a sacred concert in
 
and Johnnie Morrison, who left for furlough tonight. Had a sacred concert in
 
the Mess, under the baton of George Murra', he being an authority on the psalm
 
the Mess, under the baton of George Murra', he being an authority on the psalm
 
tunes as well as many other biblical matters. Nasty wet night. Martin left
 
tunes as well as many other biblical matters. Nasty wet night. Martin left
 
tonight too. Leave has been doubled, so I expect to go home on about a month's
 
tonight too. Leave has been doubled, so I expect to go home on about a month's
time.</p>
+
time.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>25 Oct 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>25 Oct 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Duty <st1:time Hour="3"
+
<br><br>            Duty <st1:time Hour="3"
 
Minute="0">3 a.m. to 6 a.m.</st1:time> It had been raining all night, and
 
Minute="0">3 a.m. to 6 a.m.</st1:time> It had been raining all night, and
 
Bulgar was swearing at the drops of water which were impinging on his physog.
 
Bulgar was swearing at the drops of water which were impinging on his physog.
 
There was a pool on top of me but fortunately I had an oilskin over my blanket.
 
There was a pool on top of me but fortunately I had an oilskin over my blanket.
 
Had to put some chevaux de frise in position and it was rather an awkward job.
 
Had to put some chevaux de frise in position and it was rather an awkward job.
Breakfast wasn't till about 9. </p>
+
Breakfast wasn't till about 9.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Rather a rotten day, my
+
<br><br>            Rather a rotten day, my
 
feet being wet nearly all the time. Two rifle grenades at <st1:time Hour="18"
 
feet being wet nearly all the time. Two rifle grenades at <st1:time Hour="18"
 
Minute="0">6 p.m.</st1:time> Germans going at their work strong. Suspect they
 
Minute="0">6 p.m.</st1:time> Germans going at their work strong. Suspect they
are driving a mine towards the salient as we have heard tapping tonight.</p>
+
are driving a mine towards the salient as we have heard tapping tonight.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>26 Oct 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>26 Oct 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Cold, bright and windy
+
<br><br>            Cold, bright and windy
 
morning. A number of trench mortars, mostly small, came over in the morning. In
 
morning. A number of trench mortars, mostly small, came over in the morning. In
 
the afternoon some 'oil-cans' fell on the right of the 6th Seaforths. Built an
 
the afternoon some 'oil-cans' fell on the right of the 6th Seaforths. Built an
 
observation post at the top of Sauchiehall St. The Germans put over a couple of
 
observation post at the top of Sauchiehall St. The Germans put over a couple of
T.M.s, as I think they heard us. </p>
+
T.M.s, as I think they heard us.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Some more came over about <st1:time
+
<br><br>            Some more came over about <st1:time
 
Hour="21" Minute="0">9 p.m.</st1:time> in answer to our own TM gun, and some of
 
Hour="21" Minute="0">9 p.m.</st1:time> in answer to our own TM gun, and some of
 
them were fairly heavy. Freegard was hit in the back with a piece that pierced
 
them were fairly heavy. Freegard was hit in the back with a piece that pierced
 
through to his shirt. He was bruised a bit, and the Doc sent him to the
 
through to his shirt. He was bruised a bit, and the Doc sent him to the
 
hospital. The Colonel has been in good form most of the day. H.Q. are much more
 
hospital. The Colonel has been in good form most of the day. H.Q. are much more
affable than used to be the case.</p>
+
affable than used to be the case.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>27 Oct 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>27 Oct 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Blank</p>
+
<br><br>            Blank
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>28 Oct 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>28 Oct 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Wakened this morning with a
+
<br><br>            Wakened this morning with a
 
lot of rain on my bed, and a fair cold in my head. Blacko gave me a tot of rum
 
lot of rain on my bed, and a fair cold in my head. Blacko gave me a tot of rum
 
on which I slept to <st1:time Hour="8" Minute="45">8:45</st1:time>. It was very
 
on which I slept to <st1:time Hour="8" Minute="45">8:45</st1:time>. It was very
Line 3,214: Line 3,214:
 
Mess except to relieve him for meals so by night I was feeling a bit better.
 
Mess except to relieve him for meals so by night I was feeling a bit better.
 
Blake and Johnnie P were in to tea and we had the usual feeding of the 5000:
 
Blake and Johnnie P were in to tea and we had the usual feeding of the 5000:
our problem isn't so much the feeding though as the seating of them. </p>
+
our problem isn't so much the feeding though as the seating of them.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>About <st1:time Hour="20"
+
<br><br>            About <st1:time Hour="20"
 
Minute="0">8 p.m.</st1:time> we heard that one of 'C' Coys dugouts had fallen
 
Minute="0">8 p.m.</st1:time> we heard that one of 'C' Coys dugouts had fallen
 
in, and that Addie was buried under it. Thinking it must be about all up with
 
in, and that Addie was buried under it. Thinking it must be about all up with
Line 3,223: Line 3,223:
 
his leg and a pretty bad shaking. The Doctor reported no bones broken. We got
 
his leg and a pretty bad shaking. The Doctor reported no bones broken. We got
 
back to the Mess after <st1:time Hour="22" Minute="0">10 p.m.</st1:time> and
 
back to the Mess after <st1:time Hour="22" Minute="0">10 p.m.</st1:time> and
turned in.</p>
+
turned in.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>29 Oct 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>29 Oct 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>The 8th Argyles, on our
+
<br><br>            The 8th Argyles, on our
 
right, got it very hot this morning with oilcans, mortars and whizz-bangs. Dry
 
right, got it very hot this morning with oilcans, mortars and whizz-bangs. Dry
 
overhead today, but trenches in a bad mess. Saw Addie at the dressing station
 
overhead today, but trenches in a bad mess. Saw Addie at the dressing station
en route for hospital. </p>
+
en route for hospital.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Splosh took out a bombing
+
<br><br>            Splosh took out a bombing
 
party at <st1:time Hour="21" Minute="0">9 p.m.</st1:time> to bomb a German sap
 
party at <st1:time Hour="21" Minute="0">9 p.m.</st1:time> to bomb a German sap
out from Hammer Head.</p>
+
out from Hammer Head.
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Heard later that the
+
<br><br>            Heard later that the
 
Argyles didn't lose a single man although the Germans put over more than 150
 
Argyles didn't lose a single man although the Germans put over more than 150
 
mortar bombs - 50 of them oil cans, and a lot of whizz-bangs as well. The
 
mortar bombs - 50 of them oil cans, and a lot of whizz-bangs as well. The
 
Argyles gave them <i>&quot;Are we downhearted? No!&quot;</i> after the
 
Argyles gave them <i>&quot;Are we downhearted? No!&quot;</i> after the
fusillade had stopped.</p>
+
fusillade had stopped.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>30 Oct 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>30 Oct 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Splosh came in at <st1:time
+
<br><br>            Splosh came in at <st1:time
 
Hour="0" Minute="45">12:45 a.m.</st1:time> having found nothing in the sap.
 
Hour="0" Minute="45">12:45 a.m.</st1:time> having found nothing in the sap.
 
Spent most of the day trying to get a German sniper. Saw about six Germans
 
Spent most of the day trying to get a German sniper. Saw about six Germans
today, some of them in the wood in front of their line. </p>
+
today, some of them in the wood in front of their line.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>We were relieved by the
+
<br><br>            We were relieved by the
 
1/7th Gordons. 'B' Coy took the longest to be relieved and it was <st1:time
 
1/7th Gordons. 'B' Coy took the longest to be relieved and it was <st1:time
 
Hour="11" Minute="15">11:15</st1:time> before we got to Henencourt. The roads
 
Hour="11" Minute="15">11:15</st1:time> before we got to Henencourt. The roads
 
were very muddy especially at Authuille. We were all very glad to get out, and
 
were very muddy especially at Authuille. We were all very glad to get out, and
thanked out lucky stars that we hadn't had a scratch except for Freegard's.</p>
+
thanked out lucky stars that we hadn't had a scratch except for Freegard's.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>31 Oct 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>31 Oct 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Slept
+
<br><br>            Slept
 
till <st1:time Hour="10" Minute="0">10 a.m.</st1:time> The people at the
 
till <st1:time Hour="10" Minute="0">10 a.m.</st1:time> The people at the
 
Mess-room have taken away their stove, so Stephen has to cook in the yard. They
 
Mess-room have taken away their stove, so Stephen has to cook in the yard. They
are very disagreeable. Nasty raw day and no parades of any sort. </p>
+
are very disagreeable. Nasty raw day and no parades of any sort.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Finnie and I rode down to
+
<br><br>            Finnie and I rode down to
 
Warloy, he to get a motor for the Colonel who is going to hospital today with
 
Warloy, he to get a motor for the Colonel who is going to hospital today with
 
Lumbago, and I to see Addie. Not finding him there I went back to Millencourt
 
Lumbago, and I to see Addie. Not finding him there I went back to Millencourt
 
where they told me he had been sent 16 miles down. There are rumours that our
 
where they told me he had been sent 16 miles down. There are rumours that our
 
division may be sent to Servia. One Corps is said to have gone already, and one
 
division may be sent to Servia. One Corps is said to have gone already, and one
division of our Corps to be under orders. Hope I get my leave first.</p>
+
division of our Corps to be under orders. Hope I get my leave first.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>November
+
<center><b><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>November
1915<o:p></o:p></span></b></p>
+
1915</b>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>01 Nov 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>01 Nov 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Fatigue
+
<br><br>            Fatigue
 
to Bouzincourt with Capt. Rutherford, Black, Blake and Finnie. The last has
 
to Bouzincourt with Capt. Rutherford, Black, Blake and Finnie. The last has
 
been put on fatigues this time. Another rotten day. We all went into Albert at
 
been put on fatigues this time. Another rotten day. We all went into Albert at
 
lunch time and had a good feed. The men were fairly wet and no coke to dry
 
lunch time and had a good feed. The men were fairly wet and no coke to dry
 
themselves with when they get home, but I suppose they manage always to pinch
 
themselves with when they get home, but I suppose they manage always to pinch
some. 'Dooking apples' and Splosh's Steak and Kidney pudding tonight.</p>
+
some. 'Dooking apples' and Splosh's Steak and Kidney pudding tonight.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>02 Nov 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>02 Nov 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>OC's
+
<br><br>            OC's
 
(Major Sinclair) parade at 11 a.m. Drizzling rain and very cold and he
 
(Major Sinclair) parade at 11 a.m. Drizzling rain and very cold and he
 
inspected every rifle in the company and didn't find one dirty. Lecture in the
 
inspected every rifle in the company and didn't find one dirty. Lecture in the
 
Chateau at <st1:time Hour="17" Minute="0">5 p.m.</st1:time> by Col Stewart of
 
Chateau at <st1:time Hour="17" Minute="0">5 p.m.</st1:time> by Col Stewart of
 
the Division on the attack. Nothing brilliant. Went to bed early. Am reading
 
the Division on the attack. Nothing brilliant. Went to bed early. Am reading
Buchan's History of the War.</p>
+
Buchan's History of the War.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>03 Nov 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>03 Nov 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Fatigue
+
<br><br>            Fatigue
 
at Bouzincourt. The Major, Black and Blake. Bright cold day, it seems to have rained
 
at Bouzincourt. The Major, Black and Blake. Bright cold day, it seems to have rained
 
itself out last night. It's getting to cold now to loaf about with pleasure,
 
itself out last night. It's getting to cold now to loaf about with pleasure,
 
and the temptation to drop into Albert is getting stronger. Splosh has been <span
 
and the temptation to drop into Albert is getting stronger. Splosh has been <span
style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>in
+
style='font-family:Times'>            in
bed the last two days with rheumatism and melancholia.</p>
+
bed the last two days with rheumatism and melancholia.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>SNIPING
+
<center><b><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>SNIPING
COURSE<o:p></o:p></span></u></b></p>
+
COURSE</u></b>
  
 
<br><br><i>A large number of schools - bombing, sniping, musketry, gas, etc - were
 
<br><br><i>A large number of schools - bombing, sniping, musketry, gas, etc - were
Line 3,307: Line 3,307:
 
in </i><st1:country-region><st1:place><i>UK</i></st1:place></st1:country-region><i>,
 
in </i><st1:country-region><st1:place><i>UK</i></st1:place></st1:country-region><i>,
 
disseminated new tactics and, unofficially, provided a break from the trenches
 
disseminated new tactics and, unofficially, provided a break from the trenches
for officers and men.<o:p></o:p></i></p>
+
for officers and men.</i>
  
 
<br><br><i>Sniping was intimately connected with observation. In the battalion
 
<br><br><i>Sniping was intimately connected with observation. In the battalion
 
snipers and 'scouts' were usually gathered into one specialised platoon,
 
snipers and 'scouts' were usually gathered into one specialised platoon,
 
although in the trenches there was little 'scouting' in the sense of mobile
 
although in the trenches there was little 'scouting' in the sense of mobile
reconnaissance.<o:p></o:p></i></p>
+
reconnaissance.</i>
  
 
<br><br><i>The primary role of the snipers was (and is) as counter-snipers, i.e. to
 
<br><br><i>The primary role of the snipers was (and is) as counter-snipers, i.e. to
Line 3,318: Line 3,318:
 
The static and routine nature of life in the trenches meant that frequently
 
The static and routine nature of life in the trenches meant that frequently
 
visited points (e.g. latrines) could be identified and sniped. Good sniping
 
visited points (e.g. latrines) could be identified and sniped. Good sniping
established a moral as much as a military ascendancy over the other side.<o:p></o:p></i></p>
+
established a moral as much as a military ascendancy over the other side.</i>
  
 
<br><br><i>Sniping was something the </i><st1:place><i>Highland</i></st1:place><i>
 
<br><br><i>Sniping was something the </i><st1:place><i>Highland</i></st1:place><i>
Line 3,324: Line 3,324:
 
this is not surprising. 'Splosh' celebrates the deeds of 'Sniper </i><st1:City><st1:place><i>Sandy</i></st1:place></st1:City><i>'
 
this is not surprising. 'Splosh' celebrates the deeds of 'Sniper </i><st1:City><st1:place><i>Sandy</i></st1:place></st1:City><i>'
 
(Sgt Alexander M'Donald - KIA Nov 16) with a parody of the popular song 'Sister
 
(Sgt Alexander M'Donald - KIA Nov 16) with a parody of the popular song 'Sister
Susie's Sewing Shirts for Soldiers' [text to follow]:<o:p></o:p></i></p>
+
Susie's Sewing Shirts for Soldiers' [text to follow]:</i>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>04 Nov 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>04 Nov 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Route
+
<br><br>            Route
 
march by Millencourt, Aliceville, Bresle and Baizieux. Just after getting back
 
march by Millencourt, Aliceville, Bresle and Baizieux. Just after getting back
 
I was told to report at Bouzincourt and go by bus to Querrieux for course in
 
I was told to report at Bouzincourt and go by bus to Querrieux for course in
telescopic sights. </p>
+
telescopic sights.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>We had a fine run down in
+
<br><br>            We had a fine run down in
 
one of these <st1:City><st1:place>London</st1:place></st1:City> buses. There
 
one of these <st1:City><st1:place>London</st1:place></st1:City> buses. There
 
were 4 officers - Coats, West and King's Own man and about 12 men. Arrived
 
were 4 officers - Coats, West and King's Own man and about 12 men. Arrived
Line 3,341: Line 3,341:
 
could make out he was hit in the fighting near the village and died in his own
 
could make out he was hit in the fighting near the village and died in his own
 
house. She told us of other 'atrocities' too - her father-in-law, a man of 74
 
house. She told us of other 'atrocities' too - her father-in-law, a man of 74
was mortally wounded while minding his cattle</p>
+
was mortally wounded while minding his cattle
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>05 Nov 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>05 Nov 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>We
+
<br><br>            We
 
started the course at 9 this morning, beginning with a lecture by the sergeant
 
started the course at 9 this morning, beginning with a lecture by the sergeant
 
and then onto the range. At night had a lecture of 2 hours from Col Lloyd RAMC
 
and then onto the range. At night had a lecture of 2 hours from Col Lloyd RAMC
 
on optics, etc. as applied in telescopes, etc. He is DDMS but has evidently
 
on optics, etc. as applied in telescopes, etc. He is DDMS but has evidently
 
shot a lot at Bisley and probably big game too. He is keen on the subject
 
shot a lot at Bisley and probably big game too. He is keen on the subject
anyway, although it is outside his ordinary work. </p>
+
anyway, although it is outside his ordinary work.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>We are very well off as
+
<br><br>            We are very well off as
 
regards billets. I have a fine bed with clean white sheets and quilt. The Mess
 
regards billets. I have a fine bed with clean white sheets and quilt. The Mess
 
is first class and we get on very well with Madame and all her relatives
 
is first class and we get on very well with Madame and all her relatives
Line 3,358: Line 3,358:
 
chance of speaking French. According to the custom, M'mlle Louise's father came
 
chance of speaking French. According to the custom, M'mlle Louise's father came
 
to fetch her home. The French people here won't sing - not until 'après la
 
to fetch her home. The French people here won't sing - not until 'après la
guerre'. Soldiers can sing, but civilians 'non'.</p>
+
guerre'. Soldiers can sing, but civilians 'non'.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>06 Nov 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>06 Nov 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Fine
+
<br><br>            Fine
 
bright morning and we were shooting all day till about <st1:time Hour="15"
 
bright morning and we were shooting all day till about <st1:time Hour="15"
 
Minute="30">3:30</st1:time>. Then a lecture on sniping, loopholes, etc from
 
Minute="30">3:30</st1:time>. Then a lecture on sniping, loopholes, etc from
Colonel Lloyd himself. </p>
+
Colonel Lloyd himself.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>At <st1:time Hour="17"
+
<br><br>            At <st1:time Hour="17"
 
Minute="30">5:30</st1:time> the bus left with the men and should have taken us
 
Minute="30">5:30</st1:time> the bus left with the men and should have taken us
 
too but we got a pass for <st1:City><st1:place>Amiens</st1:place></st1:City>,
 
too but we got a pass for <st1:City><st1:place>Amiens</st1:place></st1:City>,
Line 3,377: Line 3,377:
 
having chocolate. Very cold run back to Querrieux in the mist. <st1:City><st1:place>Amiens</st1:place></st1:City>
 
having chocolate. Very cold run back to Querrieux in the mist. <st1:City><st1:place>Amiens</st1:place></st1:City>
 
is in the French area; all traffic is carefully watched. Hear the civilians
 
is in the French area; all traffic is carefully watched. Hear the civilians
have to clear out of Albert on account of spy-fever.</p>
+
have to clear out of Albert on account of spy-fever.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>BACK
+
<center><b><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>BACK
TO THE BATTALION<o:p></o:p></span></u></b></p>
+
TO THE BATTALION</u></b>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>07 Nov 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>07 Nov 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Breakfast
+
<br><br>            Breakfast
 
about <st1:time Hour="9" Minute="30">9:30</st1:time>. Then we began to wonder
 
about <st1:time Hour="9" Minute="30">9:30</st1:time>. Then we began to wonder
 
how we would get back to our billets. We started down the road and hadn't gone
 
how we would get back to our billets. We started down the road and hadn't gone
Line 3,393: Line 3,393:
 
M'Millan is O/C battalion - the Colonel is acting Brigadier and Sinclair in
 
M'Millan is O/C battalion - the Colonel is acting Brigadier and Sinclair in
 
hospital. Captn. <st1:City><st1:place>Murray</st1:place></st1:City> returned
 
hospital. Captn. <st1:City><st1:place>Murray</st1:place></st1:City> returned
this morning. </p>
+
this morning.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Very slow marching to
+
<br><br>            Very slow marching to
 
Aveluy, 8th Argyles being in front and continually halting. German aeroplane
 
Aveluy, 8th Argyles being in front and continually halting. German aeroplane
 
over Aveluy, chased by our guns but got away. We thought she must have spotted
 
over Aveluy, chased by our guns but got away. We thought she must have spotted
 
the relief but no shells came over. Relieved the Loyal <st1:place>N Lancs</st1:place>.
 
the relief but no shells came over. Relieved the Loyal <st1:place>N Lancs</st1:place>.
 
Very little dugout accommodation and had great difficulty in getting the men
 
Very little dugout accommodation and had great difficulty in getting the men
in. General mix up with the machine guns etc.</p>
+
in. General mix up with the machine guns etc.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>08 Nov 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>08 Nov 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>On
+
<br><br>            On
 
duty till <st1:time Hour="2" Minute="0">2 a.m.</st1:time> when Blacko took
 
duty till <st1:time Hour="2" Minute="0">2 a.m.</st1:time> when Blacko took
 
over. Very quiet. Pretty good day. There is a lot of enfilade fire, day and
 
over. Very quiet. Pretty good day. There is a lot of enfilade fire, day and
 
night from both machine guns and rifles. The Germans have a very strong
 
night from both machine guns and rifles. The Germans have a very strong
position and are steadily pushing forwards their line by means of saps. </p>
+
position and are steadily pushing forwards their line by means of saps.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Geo. Murray has been very
+
<br><br>            Geo. Murray has been very
 
energetic all day and has had poor Splosh in a ferment all day about his bomb
 
energetic all day and has had poor Splosh in a ferment all day about his bomb
 
stores; and then Splosh lay on his back in the bed instead of on his side - the
 
stores; and then Splosh lay on his back in the bed instead of on his side - the
bed being just on the small side for three. </p>
+
bed being just on the small side for three.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Took out a patrol tonight -
+
<br><br>            Took out a patrol tonight -
 
Morrison, Peat and Bain. Saw what seemed to be a German patrol but they were
 
Morrison, Peat and Bain. Saw what seemed to be a German patrol but they were
too far away and disappeared.</p>
+
too far away and disappeared.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>09 Nov 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>09 Nov 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Rather
+
<br><br>            Rather
 
a raw day and the men were glad to have their goat-skins. The Brigadier came
 
a raw day and the men were glad to have their goat-skins. The Brigadier came
 
back so the Major is back to the Company. The Colonel and Adjutant were round
 
back so the Major is back to the Company. The Colonel and Adjutant were round
 
this morning playing havoc, and passing on the row they got themselves from the
 
this morning playing havoc, and passing on the row they got themselves from the
 
Divisional General. The trenches are in a bad state and the fire-step has all
 
Divisional General. The trenches are in a bad state and the fire-step has all
to be revetted. </p>
+
to be revetted.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Had smokies for tea and
+
<br><br>            Had smokies for tea and
Capt. Sutherland and Dunvegan were in. It has started to rain.</p>
+
Capt. Sutherland and Dunvegan were in. It has started to rain.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>10 Nov 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>10 Nov 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>On
+
<br><br>            On
 
duty <st1:time Hour="0" Minute="0">12</st1:time> to <st1:time Hour="3"
 
duty <st1:time Hour="0" Minute="0">12</st1:time> to <st1:time Hour="3"
 
Minute="0">3 a.m.</st1:time> Trenches in a great mess as no provision of any
 
Minute="0">3 a.m.</st1:time> Trenches in a great mess as no provision of any
 
sort had been made by the 154th Bde for drainage. Had to use knee boots to get
 
sort had been made by the 154th Bde for drainage. Had to use knee boots to get
 
along and was up to the knee in places. The men are very wet, especially about
 
along and was up to the knee in places. The men are very wet, especially about
the feet and their dugouts are about as bad as the trench. </p>
+
the feet and their dugouts are about as bad as the trench.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>The whole place is in a
+
<br><br>            The whole place is in a
 
rotten state: the people who let it into disrepair should have been made to
 
rotten state: the people who let it into disrepair should have been made to
 
spend the winter in it. It is possible now that it will be our part of the line
 
spend the winter in it. It is possible now that it will be our part of the line
Line 3,446: Line 3,446:
 
sceptical. The men were working most of the day on the trench - draining it,
 
sceptical. The men were working most of the day on the trench - draining it,
 
putting in sink pits and cleaning it up but nothing can be done to the dugouts
 
putting in sink pits and cleaning it up but nothing can be done to the dugouts
as they require a radical gutting out and can be touched only at night. </p>
+
as they require a radical gutting out and can be touched only at night.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>They put over a few
+
<br><br>            They put over a few
 
high-explosives today, evidently meant for our sap-heads but no damage was
 
high-explosives today, evidently meant for our sap-heads but no damage was
done. Heavier guns than usual - about 4.7. </p>
+
done. Heavier guns than usual - about 4.7.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Freegard's birthday party. <st1:City><st1:place>Murray</st1:place></st1:City>
+
<br><br>            Freegard's birthday party. <st1:City><st1:place>Murray</st1:place></st1:City>
 
made me go over as he is anxious to heal the breach. Blacko out on patrol
 
made me go over as he is anxious to heal the breach. Blacko out on patrol
tonight but met nothing. Turned in at <st1:time Hour="21" Minute="0">9 p.m.</st1:time></p>
+
tonight but met nothing. Turned in at <st1:time Hour="21" Minute="0">9 p.m.</st1:time>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>11 Nov 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>11 Nov 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Had
+
<br><br>            Had
 
a wash and a shave this morning, the first since Saturday. Went up to D Coy
 
a wash and a shave this morning, the first since Saturday. Went up to D Coy
 
with Splosh who was going to see about his bomb-stores. Pitman has been
 
with Splosh who was going to see about his bomb-stores. Pitman has been
 
gazetted Captain and has rejoined his company. Howie has come back from leave.
 
gazetted Captain and has rejoined his company. Howie has come back from leave.
 
Had a very good view of German lines from D, C and B's lines. Our trenches can
 
Had a very good view of German lines from D, C and B's lines. Our trenches can
be very badly enfiladed and crossfire will get worse as the wood gets thinner. </p>
+
be very badly enfiladed and crossfire will get worse as the wood gets thinner.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>My turn for patrol tonight
+
<br><br>            My turn for patrol tonight
 
so Splosh took my turn of duty. However it got so wet that we couldn't go out -
 
so Splosh took my turn of duty. However it got so wet that we couldn't go out -
 
the men have no way of drying themselves. The trenches and dugouts are very bad
 
the men have no way of drying themselves. The trenches and dugouts are very bad
 
again. The water came through our own, above our heads. Capt Murray slept on
 
again. The water came through our own, above our heads. Capt Murray slept on
the floor.</p>
+
the floor.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>12 Nov 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>12 Nov 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Today
+
<br><br>            Today
 
it had cleared up a bit. A lot of the trench had come down during the night and
 
it had cleared up a bit. A lot of the trench had come down during the night and
 
the men had to set to and get it cleared. All the sandbagging requires to be
 
the men had to set to and get it cleared. All the sandbagging requires to be
done over again. General imprecations against the 154th. </p>
+
done over again. General imprecations against the 154th.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Sgt Gray, L/Cpl Ross and a man
+
<br><br>            Sgt Gray, L/Cpl Ross and a man
 
went out on patrol with me. We went out from The Nab at <st1:time Hour="2"
 
went out on patrol with me. We went out from The Nab at <st1:time Hour="2"
 
Minute="0">2 a.m.</st1:time> and Gray and I got to within about 60 yards of
 
Minute="0">2 a.m.</st1:time> and Gray and I got to within about 60 yards of
 
their line. It came on rain and we were absolutely soaked all except our feet
 
their line. It came on rain and we were absolutely soaked all except our feet
 
and legs as we had on our gum boots. Put the men into the Sgt Major's dugout
 
and legs as we had on our gum boots. Put the men into the Sgt Major's dugout
where they had a fire on. </p>
+
where they had a fire on.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>The Major was relieved to
+
<br><br>            The Major was relieved to
see us back as Capt Murray broke the mirror this morning.</p>
+
see us back as Capt Murray broke the mirror this morning.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>13 Nov 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>13 Nov 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Lay
+
<br><br>            Lay
 
in bed most of the forenoon waiting for my clothes to dry. Black and Stephen D
 
in bed most of the forenoon waiting for my clothes to dry. Black and Stephen D
 
left this afternoon for a course of instruction at Felincourt, near <st1:City><st1:place>Amiens</st1:place></st1:City>.
 
left this afternoon for a course of instruction at Felincourt, near <st1:City><st1:place>Amiens</st1:place></st1:City>.
They will be away five weeks or so. </p>
+
They will be away five weeks or so.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Splosh was in very good
+
<br><br>            Splosh was in very good
 
form tonight, and talked thirteen to the dozen, beginning with really authentic
 
form tonight, and talked thirteen to the dozen, beginning with really authentic
 
ghost stories which he apparently believes. I turned in at <st1:time Hour="21"
 
ghost stories which he apparently believes. I turned in at <st1:time Hour="21"
Line 3,503: Line 3,503:
 
endeavouring to help him off with his gum boots and about <st1:time Hour="0"
 
endeavouring to help him off with his gum boots and about <st1:time Hour="0"
 
Minute="0">midnight</st1:time> we were awakened by him extinguishing a
 
Minute="0">midnight</st1:time> we were awakened by him extinguishing a
conflagration which was threatening to develop into a second MacMahon's post.</p>
+
conflagration which was threatening to develop into a second MacMahon's post.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>14 Nov 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>14 Nov 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>On
+
<br><br>            On
 
duty from <st1:time Hour="0" Minute="0">12</st1:time> to <st1:time Hour="3"
 
duty from <st1:time Hour="0" Minute="0">12</st1:time> to <st1:time Hour="3"
 
Minute="0">3 a.m.</st1:time> No machine gun or rifle fire so probably there was
 
Minute="0">3 a.m.</st1:time> No machine gun or rifle fire so probably there was
 
a relief on. Put <st1:City><st1:place>Murray</st1:place></st1:City> up at <st1:time
 
a relief on. Put <st1:City><st1:place>Murray</st1:place></st1:City> up at <st1:time
Hour="3" Minute="0">3 a.m.</st1:time> </p>
+
Hour="3" Minute="0">3 a.m.</st1:time>  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>After breakfast got our
+
<br><br>            After breakfast got our
 
things packed ready to move down to <st1:place><st1:PlaceName>Normandy</st1:PlaceName>
 
things packed ready to move down to <st1:place><st1:PlaceName>Normandy</st1:PlaceName>
 
  <st1:PlaceType>City</st1:PlaceType></st1:place>. An aeroplane came over at
 
  <st1:PlaceType>City</st1:PlaceType></st1:place>. An aeroplane came over at
Line 3,522: Line 3,522:
 
Sgt. Wm. Munro ('Boags') 'B' Coy. 'A' Coy went back to the mess room at <st1:place><st1:PlaceName>Normandy</st1:PlaceName>
 
Sgt. Wm. Munro ('Boags') 'B' Coy. 'A' Coy went back to the mess room at <st1:place><st1:PlaceName>Normandy</st1:PlaceName>
 
  <st1:PlaceType>City</st1:PlaceType></st1:place> in spite of opposition from
 
  <st1:PlaceType>City</st1:PlaceType></st1:place> in spite of opposition from
'C' Coy. </p>
+
'C' Coy.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>The men's dugouts are not
+
<br><br>            The men's dugouts are not
 
sufficient to accommodate them and are in a very bad condition. They are in no
 
sufficient to accommodate them and are in a very bad condition. They are in no
state for winter occupation. </p>
+
state for winter occupation.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Davidie and Stalker came to
+
<br><br>            Davidie and Stalker came to
 
tea, the latter is to stay here as he has no dugout, so there are five of us
 
tea, the latter is to stay here as he has no dugout, so there are five of us
 
sleeping in the mess. Splosh and I occupied the hammocks, Major and Murray the
 
sleeping in the mess. Splosh and I occupied the hammocks, Major and Murray the
beds and Stalker the floor.</p>
+
beds and Stalker the floor.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>15 Nov 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>15 Nov 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>The
+
<br><br>            The
 
morning found Splosh and me both sleeping on the floor. Splosh began by
 
morning found Splosh and me both sleeping on the floor. Splosh began by
 
upsetting the major part of the morning tea. The Major was up first and put the
 
upsetting the major part of the morning tea. The Major was up first and put the
fire on. </p>
+
fire on.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>During the forenoon, there
+
<br><br>            During the forenoon, there
 
was a fatigue party up to the fire trench with Splosh in command and the rest
 
was a fatigue party up to the fire trench with Splosh in command and the rest
of the men were on dugouts and roads in support lines. </p>
+
of the men were on dugouts and roads in support lines.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Davidie was in to dinner.
+
<br><br>            Davidie was in to dinner.
 
The Major went to bed at tea-time, feeling chilled a bit. Toast and tinned
 
The Major went to bed at tea-time, feeling chilled a bit. Toast and tinned
 
herring for tea. When we opened the door this morning we found the ground
 
herring for tea. When we opened the door this morning we found the ground
 
white. Big flakes of snow were falling. It had been raining during the night
 
white. Big flakes of snow were falling. It had been raining during the night
and the ground was hard beneath but got sloppy as the day wore on.</p>
+
and the ground was hard beneath but got sloppy as the day wore on.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>16 Nov 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>16 Nov 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Nearly
+
<br><br>            Nearly
 
3 inches of snow on the ground this morning: no frost. Took fatigue party up to
 
3 inches of snow on the ground this morning: no frost. Took fatigue party up to
 
the 6th Seaforths at <st1:time Hour="9" Minute="0">9 a.m.</st1:time> The
 
the 6th Seaforths at <st1:time Hour="9" Minute="0">9 a.m.</st1:time> The
Line 3,558: Line 3,558:
 
Scots officer said the 5th were the best looking battalion by a long way. Went
 
Scots officer said the 5th were the best looking battalion by a long way. Went
 
round by 'A' Coys lines. The dugouts down at the cookers are being pushed on;
 
round by 'A' Coys lines. The dugouts down at the cookers are being pushed on;
if we could only get material they would be ready tonight. </p>
+
if we could only get material they would be ready tonight.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Major M'Millan is rather
+
<br><br>            Major M'Millan is rather
 
better today but has been in bed since afternoon. Davidie was in for a short
 
better today but has been in bed since afternoon. Davidie was in for a short
 
time but couldn't wait for tea as the valley gets very hot at night with
 
time but couldn't wait for tea as the valley gets very hot at night with
Line 3,566: Line 3,566:
 
cleaning his rifle. Three days letters arrived after tea and were very welcome.
 
cleaning his rifle. Three days letters arrived after tea and were very welcome.
 
Stalker, Splosh and Murray argued on the subject of freemasonry. Heavy machine
 
Stalker, Splosh and Murray argued on the subject of freemasonry. Heavy machine
gun fire tonight by the Bosche.</p>
+
gun fire tonight by the Bosche.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>17 Nov 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>17 Nov 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Snow
+
<br><br>            Snow
 
still lying but no fresh fall. Took fatigue party up to 6th Seaforth to work
 
still lying but no fresh fall. Took fatigue party up to 6th Seaforth to work
 
under Royal Scots. Went round by 'A' Coy to enquire for Splosh's goatskin which
 
under Royal Scots. Went round by 'A' Coy to enquire for Splosh's goatskin which
has 'disappeared'. </p>
+
has 'disappeared'.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Gid and Dannie Harper came
+
<br><br>            Gid and Dannie Harper came
 
up to tea. We always manage to make toast here. This is the third night the
 
up to tea. We always manage to make toast here. This is the third night the
 
Major has had tea in bed; he is getting the upper hand of the threatened attack
 
Major has had tea in bed; he is getting the upper hand of the threatened attack
 
of flu. Violent discussion on the war. George Murra' thinks as a Christian, he
 
of flu. Violent discussion on the war. George Murra' thinks as a Christian, he
shouldn't be here. He had us all against him. Moonlight.</p>
+
shouldn't be here. He had us all against him. Moonlight.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>18 Nov 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>18 Nov 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Got
+
<br><br>            Got
 
up at <st1:time Hour="18" Minute="30">6:30</st1:time> this morning along with
 
up at <st1:time Hour="18" Minute="30">6:30</st1:time> this morning along with
 
Capt. Murray to issue rum ['the efficiency of lawn-tennis' inserted at this
 
Capt. Murray to issue rum ['the efficiency of lawn-tennis' inserted at this
Line 3,590: Line 3,590:
 
forenoon, and a very heavy mist, in the valley especially. Kestin arrived here
 
forenoon, and a very heavy mist, in the valley especially. Kestin arrived here
 
last night, and Freegard brought him over here this morning. He looks very neat
 
last night, and Freegard brought him over here this morning. He looks very neat
and fat. </p>
+
and fat.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Took fatigue party up to <st1:Street><st1:address>Belmont
+
<br><br>            Took fatigue party up to <st1:Street><st1:address>Belmont
 
   St</st1:address></st1:Street> at <st1:time Hour="14" Minute="0">2 p.m.</st1:time>
 
   St</st1:address></st1:Street> at <st1:time Hour="14" Minute="0">2 p.m.</st1:time>
 
and cleaned it. The men worked very hard, partly because the job had to be
 
and cleaned it. The men worked very hard, partly because the job had to be
 
finished, and partly because they were promised a tot of rum. Got back by <st1:time
 
finished, and partly because they were promised a tot of rum. Got back by <st1:time
Hour="17" Minute="0">5 p.m.</st1:time> </p>
+
Hour="17" Minute="0">5 p.m.</st1:time>  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>No letters this afternoon.
+
<br><br>            No letters this afternoon.
 
Splosh left this afternoon for <st1:City><st1:place>Amiens</st1:place></st1:City>
 
Splosh left this afternoon for <st1:City><st1:place>Amiens</st1:place></st1:City>
 
to get his spectacles replaced and in a great funk that he might be sent to
 
to get his spectacles replaced and in a great funk that he might be sent to
 
'Blighty'. Marks came in tonight with 25 men, but haven't seen him. He is
 
'Blighty'. Marks came in tonight with 25 men, but haven't seen him. He is
attached to 'C' and Kestin to 'B'.</p>
+
attached to 'C' and Kestin to 'B'.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>19 Nov 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>19 Nov 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Took
+
<br><br>            Took
 
fatigue party up to fire trench at <st1:time Hour="9" Minute="0">9 a.m.</st1:time>
 
fatigue party up to fire trench at <st1:time Hour="9" Minute="0">9 a.m.</st1:time>
 
as usual. Davidie was in for dinner - bully beef and devilled kidneys. Gid and
 
as usual. Davidie was in for dinner - bully beef and devilled kidneys. Gid and
Johnnie Morrison were over in the forenoon.</p>
+
Johnnie Morrison were over in the forenoon.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>20 Nov 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>20 Nov 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Blank</p>
+
<br><br>            Blank
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>LEAVE<o:p></o:p></span></u></b></p>
+
<center><b><u><span style='font-size:13.5pt'>LEAVE</u></b>
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>21 Nov 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>21 Nov 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Took
+
<br><br>            Took
a fatigue party up to 'B' Company 6th Sea lines, but didn't stay very long. </p>
+
a fatigue party up to 'B' Company 6th Sea lines, but didn't stay very long.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Started to get my things
+
<br><br>            Started to get my things
 
ready and get my clothes cleaned. Officer of the 8th Black Watch came up to
 
ready and get my clothes cleaned. Officer of the 8th Black Watch came up to
 
take over, and had dinner with us. Went over to headquarters about <st1:time
 
take over, and had dinner with us. Went over to headquarters about <st1:time
 
Hour="15" Minute="0">3 p.m.</st1:time> Saw Howie on my way to Aveluy, he being
 
Hour="15" Minute="0">3 p.m.</st1:time> Saw Howie on my way to Aveluy, he being
 
in a dugout by the road. Everybody is under the impression I am going home to
 
in a dugout by the road. Everybody is under the impression I am going home to
get married. </p>
+
get married.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Walked up to Bouzincourt
+
<br><br>            Walked up to Bouzincourt
 
and after some trouble hit on the QM stores where I found Splosh returning from
 
and after some trouble hit on the QM stores where I found Splosh returning from
 
<st1:City><st1:place>Amiens</st1:place></st1:City>. Had a good tea with potted
 
<st1:City><st1:place>Amiens</st1:place></st1:City>. Had a good tea with potted
Line 3,636: Line 3,636:
 
me tea and toast, and then we went down to the Church where we found two motor
 
me tea and toast, and then we went down to the Church where we found two motor
 
buses. After wakening up the drivers who slept inside, and when they had thawed
 
buses. After wakening up the drivers who slept inside, and when they had thawed
their engines (it was freezing) we got inside and our journey home began.</p>
+
their engines (it was freezing) we got inside and our journey home began.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>22 Nov 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>22 Nov 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Arrived
+
<br><br>            Arrived
 
at Merincourt about <st1:time Hour="5" Minute="0">5 a.m.</st1:time> and just
 
at Merincourt about <st1:time Hour="5" Minute="0">5 a.m.</st1:time> and just
 
got aboard the train. First stop <st1:City><st1:place>Amiens</st1:place></st1:City>
 
got aboard the train. First stop <st1:City><st1:place>Amiens</st1:place></st1:City>
Line 3,648: Line 3,648:
 
halt outside <st1:City><st1:place>Rouen</st1:place></st1:City>. I saw then the
 
halt outside <st1:City><st1:place>Rouen</st1:place></st1:City>. I saw then the
 
same countryside as when I came up first with Barnetson five months ago but
 
same countryside as when I came up first with Barnetson five months ago but
with rather different feelings. </p>
+
with rather different feelings.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Arrived Havre about <st1:time
+
<br><br>            Arrived Havre about <st1:time
 
Hour="19" Minute="30">7.30 p.m.</st1:time> The train ran alongside the boat and
 
Hour="19" Minute="30">7.30 p.m.</st1:time> The train ran alongside the boat and
 
after bagging an unfurnished cabin for four, we had a scramble for some supper
 
after bagging an unfurnished cabin for four, we had a scramble for some supper
 
for which we were all in very good form. The four of us played auction bridge
 
for which we were all in very good form. The four of us played auction bridge
in our cabin for an hour or two and then turned into our bunks.</p>
+
in our cabin for an hour or two and then turned into our bunks.
  
<p align=center style='text-align:center'><b>23 Nov 15<o:p></o:p></b></p>
+
<center><b>23 Nov 15</b>
  
<br><br><span style='font-family:Times'><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span></span>Wakened
+
<br><br>            Wakened
 
by the noise of the men, who were packed all along the corridors and on the
 
by the noise of the men, who were packed all along the corridors and on the
 
stairs, getting ready to disembark. At last we got alongside and the officers
 
stairs, getting ready to disembark. At last we got alongside and the officers
were allowed ashore first to the audible disgust of some outspoken Tommies. </p>
+
were allowed ashore first to the audible disgust of some outspoken Tommies.  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Got into <st1:City><st1:place>Waterloo</st1:place></st1:City>
+
<br><br>            Got into <st1:City><st1:place>Waterloo</st1:place></st1:City>
 
about <st1:time Hour="8" Minute="0">8 a.m.</st1:time> and took a hansome to <st1:place><st1:PlaceName>Strand</st1:PlaceName>
 
about <st1:time Hour="8" Minute="0">8 a.m.</st1:time> and took a hansome to <st1:place><st1:PlaceName>Strand</st1:PlaceName>
 
  <st1:PlaceType>Palace</st1:PlaceType></st1:place>, along with the Artilleryman
 
  <st1:PlaceType>Palace</st1:PlaceType></st1:place>, along with the Artilleryman
Line 3,669: Line 3,669:
 
coppers, and rescued my stick. Breakfast by my lonesome - porridge, fish,
 
coppers, and rescued my stick. Breakfast by my lonesome - porridge, fish,
 
marmalade, etc. Taxi to Euston and got train for <st1:City><st1:place>Bedford</st1:place></st1:City>
 
marmalade, etc. Taxi to Euston and got train for <st1:City><st1:place>Bedford</st1:place></st1:City>
arriving <st1:time Hour="11" Minute="0">11 a.m.</st1:time> </p>
+
arriving <st1:time Hour="11" Minute="0">11 a.m.</st1:time>  
  
<br><br><span style='mso-tab-count:1'>            </span>Went along <st1:Street><st1:address>Midland
+
<br><br>            Went along <st1:Street><st1:address>Midland
 
   Road</st1:address></st1:Street>, up <st1:Street><st1:address>Alexandria St</st1:address>