Stanley Maude was born at Gibraltar, 24 June 1864 and was the youngest son of General Sir Frederick Francis Maude, V.C., G.C.B. He was educated at Eton. He passed out of Sandhurst and joined the Coldstream Guards on 6 February 1884. He went out with the Coldstream Guards to Saukin and landed there in March 1885 and returned with the Coldstream Guards to England in September 1885 after earning the Egyptian Medal with Saukin bar and the Khedive’s Egyptian Star.
When the Boer War broke out in 1899 Maude was a Major with the Coldstream Guards but did not leave with the regiment to South Africa. He left shortly after on 16 December 1899 and arrived in South Africa in January 1900 to join the 2/Coldstream Guards at Modder River on 11 January 1900. He took part in various actions, including the “Great deWet Hunt”. He returned to England in March 1901 for medical treatment and a new assignment to Canada. He had earned a D.S.O. and the Queen’s South African Medal with 6 clasps.
He was appointed Military Secretary to the Governor-General of Canada and reached that post near the end of May 1901. He returned to England in November 1904 and took up duties a second-in-command of 1/Coldstream Guards and later general staff work. During this time he was promoted in rank to Lieutenant-Colonel in 1907 and to Colonel in 1911.
Shortly after the start of WWI, Maude found himself in France on staff with General Pulteney’s 3rd Corps. In October 1914 he was promoted to Brigadier-General and given command of the 14th Brigade. He was wounded in April 1915 and sent back to England for recuperation. He returned to his Brigade in early May 1915. In June 1915 he was promoted to Major-General and given command of 33rd Division training in England for duty at the front in France.
The situation changed in mid-August 1915 and he was given orders to proceed to Sir Ian Hamilton’s headquarters and then to a new command on the Gallipoli Peninsula. He took over the remains of the 13th Division in the Suvla area. He participated in the withdrawal of his division from Suvla and their landing at Helles and then in early January 1916 of their withdrawal from Helles. From here the division was sent to Egypt to assemble in late January 1916 at Port Said for training and resupply. In December 1915, in Mesopotamia, Kut had been invested. Orders were received at the end of January 1916 to prepare the 13the Division for shipment to Mesopotamia
At the end of February 1916, Major-General Sir Stanley Maude landed with some of his forces at Basrah. In April 1916 there was much hard fighting in an attempt to relieve Kut but the forces invested in Kut were forced to surrender at the end of April. During May and June 1916 the Division was busy fighting both Turkish forces and Arab bandits in the area. In mid July 1916 Maude was promoted to the temporary rank of Lieutenant-General and assumed command of the 3rd Army Corps, also known as the Tigris Corps. Shortly after, in mid-August 1916 he was given command of the Army in Mesopotamia. After a period of reorganization and establishing communications Lieutenant General Sir Stanley Maude started advance against the Turkish forces in the middle of December 1916 which was to rout the Turkish forces and achieve the capture of Baghdad in March 1917. More consolidation and preparations followed and then the drive starting in September and ending in November 1917 to take Ramadie, Dur and Tekrit.
Shortly after this Maude was stricken with cholera and died at Baghdad 18 November 1917.
Sources: The London Times Who Was Who 1916-1928 by Adam & Charles Black, Publishers
The Literary Digest, History of the World War, Vols. 8 & 10.
Life of Sir Stanley Maude by Maj.-Gen. Sir C.E. Callwell, K.C.B.
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