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<p align="right"> [[Main_Page | WWI Document Archive]] > [[Conventions and Treaties ]] > '''Treaty of Lausanne'''
 +
</p><hr>
  
<h2>Treaty of Peace with Turkey Signed at Lausanne, <br>July 24, 1923</h2><p>
+
 
<h4>(from: <i>The Treaties of Peace 1919-1923, Vol. II</i>, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, New York, 1924.)</h4><p>
+
<font size=+1>Treaty of Peace with Turkey Signed at Lausanne, July 24, 1923<br>  
 +
From: <i>The Treaties of Peace 1919-1923, Vol. II</i> (New York: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 1924.)</font>
 
<hr>
 
<hr>
Go to [http://www.lib.byu.edu/estu/wwi/maps/lausmap.gif">Map of the Treaty Area.] (42k) <br>
+
Go to [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Turkey-Greece-Bulgaria_on_Treaty_of_Lausanne.png Map of the Treaty Area.]<br>  
Go to [http://www.lib.byu.edu/estu/wwi/maps/arab.gif">Map of the Mandate Areas of Arabia] (42k) <br>
+
Go to [[Map of the Mandate Areas of Arabia]]
  
(Compiled by Lt.-Col. Lawrence Martin, Geographer of the Institute of Politics)<p>
+
(Compiled by Lt.-Col. Lawrence Martin, Geographer of the Institute of Politics)  
 +
 
 +
With links to a related [http://untreaty.un.org/unts/60001_120000/14/39/00027946.pdf Agreement respecting the Reciprocal Restitution of Interned Civilians and the Exchange of Prisoners of War,<br> signed at Lausanne, January 30, 1923]. <br>(English translation of ''Accord relatif à la restitution réciproque des internés civils et àl'échange des prisonniers de guerre, signé à Lausanne, le 3o janvier 1923'').
 
<hr>
 
<hr>
<center> TREATY OF PEACE WITH TURKEY SIGNED AT LAUSANNE<br>
 
  
        JULY 24, 1923<br>
+
<center>TREATY OF PEACE WITH TURKEY SIGNED AT LAUSANNE
  
    THE CONVENTION RESPECTING THE REGIME OF THE STRAITS AND OTHER INSTRUMENTS  SIGNED AT LAUSANNE</center><p>
+
JULY 24, 1923
  
                                                  THE BRITISH EMPIRE, FRANCE, ITALY, JAPAN,
+
THE CONVENTION RESPECTING THE REGIME OF THE STRAITS AND OTHER INSTRUMENTS SIGNED AT LAUSANNE</center>
GREECE, ROUMANIA and the SERB-CROAT-SLOVENE
+
 
STATE,<p>
+
 
 +
THE BRITISH EMPIRE, FRANCE, ITALY, JAPAN, GREECE, ROUMANIA and the SERB-CROAT-SLOVENE STATE,
 +
 
 +
of the one part,
  
                                                  of the one part,<p>
 
 
and TURKEY,
 
and TURKEY,
<p>
 
                                                  of the other part;
 
Being united in the desire to bring to a final close the state of
 
war which has existed in the East since 1914,<p>
 
  
                                                  Being anxious to re-establish the relations of friendship and
+
of the other part; Being united in the desire to bring to a final
commerce which are essential to the mutual well-being of their
+
close the state of war which has existed in the East since 1914,
respective peoples,<p>
 
  
                                                  And considering that these relations must be based on respect
 
for the independence and sovereignty of States,<p>
 
  
                                                  Have decided to conclude a Treaty for this purpose, and have
+
Being anxious to re-establish the relations of friendship and commerce
appointed as their Plenipotentiaries:<p>
+
which are essential to the mutual well-being of their respective
 +
peoples,
 +
 
 +
 
 +
And considering that these relations must be based on respect for the
 +
independence and sovereignty of States,
 +
 
 +
 
 +
Have decided to conclude a Treaty for this purpose, and have appointed
 +
as their Plenipotentiaries:
 +
 
 +
 
 +
HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND
 +
IRELAND AND OF THE BRITISH DOMINIONS BEYOND THE SEAS, EMPEROR OF
 +
INDIA:<br>
 +
The Right Honourable Sir Horace George Montagu Rumbold, Baronet,
 +
G.C.M.G., High Commissioner at Constantinople;
  
HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF THE UNITED KINGDOM
 
  
OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND AND OF THE
 
 
BRITISH DOMINIONS BEYOND THE SEAS, EMPEROR
 
 
OF INDIA:<br>
 
 
  The Right Honourable Sir Horace George Montagu Rumbold, Baronet, G.C.M.G., High Commissioner at Constantinople;<p>
 
   
 
 
THE PRESIDENT OF THE FRENCH REPUBLIC:<br>
 
THE PRESIDENT OF THE FRENCH REPUBLIC:<br>
 +
General Maurice Pelle, Ambassador of France, High Com missioner of the
 +
Republic in the East, Grand Officer of the National Order of the
 +
Legion of Honour;
 +
  
  General Maurice Pelle, Ambassador of France, High Com missioner of the Republic in the East, Grand Officer of  the National Order of the Legion of Honour;<p>
 
   
 
 
HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF ITALY:<br>
 
HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF ITALY:<br>
 +
The Honourable Marquis Camillo Garroni, Senator of the Kingdom,
 +
Ambassador of Italy, High Commissioner at Constantinople, Grand Cross
 +
of the Orders of Saints Maurice and Lazarus, and of the Crown of Italy;
 +
 +
 +
M. Giulio Cesare Montagna, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister
 +
Plenipotentiary at Athens, Commander of the Orders of Saints Maurice
 +
and Lazarus, Grand Officer of the Crown of Italy;
  
  The Honourable Marquis Camillo Garroni, Senator of the
 
    Kingdom, Ambassador of Italy, High Commissioner at
 
    Constantinople, Grand Cross of the Orders of Saints
 
    Maurice and Lazarus, and of the Crown of Italy;<p>
 
   
 
  M. Giulio Cesare Montagna, Envoy Extraordinary and
 
    Minister Plenipotentiary at Athens, Commander of the
 
    Orders of Saints Maurice and Lazarus, Grand Officer of
 
    the Crown of Italy;<p>
 
  
 
HIS MAJESTY THE EMPEROR OF JAPAN:<br>
 
HIS MAJESTY THE EMPEROR OF JAPAN:<br>
 +
Mr. Kentaro Otchiai, Jusammi, First Class of the Order of the Rising
 +
Sun, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary at Rome;
 +
  
  Mr. Kentaro Otchiai, Jusammi, First Class of the Order of
 
    the Rising Sun, Ambassador Extraordinary and
 
    Plenipotentiary at Rome;<p>
 
   
 
 
HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF THE HELLENES:<br>
 
HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF THE HELLENES:<br>
 +
M. Eleftherios K. Veniselos, formerly President of the Council of
 +
Ministers, Grand Cross of the Order of the Saviour;
 +
 +
 +
M. Demetrios Caclamanos, Minister Plenipotentiary at London, Commander
 +
of the Order of the Saviour;
 +
  
  M. Eleftherios K. Veniselos, formerly President of the
 
    Council of Ministers, Grand Cross of the Order of the
 
    Saviour;<p>
 
   
 
  M. Demetrios Caclamanos, Minister Plenipotentiary at
 
    London, Commander of the Order of the Saviour;<p>
 
   
 
 
HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF ROUMANIA:<br>
 
HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF ROUMANIA:<br>
 +
M. Constantine I. Diamandy, Minister Plenipotentiary;
 +
 +
 +
M. Constantine Contzesco, Minister Plenipotentiary;
 +
 +
 +
HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF THE SERBS, THE CROATS AND THE SLOVENES:<br>
 +
Dr. Miloutine Yovanovitch, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister
 +
Plenipotentiary at Berne;
  
  M. Constantine I. Diamandy, Minister Plenipotentiary;<p>
 
 
 
  M. Constantine Contzesco, Minister Plenipotentiary;<p>
 
 
 
HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF THE SERBS, THE CROATS
 
AND THE SLOVENES:<br>
 
  
  Dr. Miloutine Yovanovitch, Envoy Extraordinary and
 
    Minister Plenipotentiary at Berne;<p>
 
   
 
 
THE GOVERNMENT OF THE GRAND NATIONAL ASSEMBLY OF TURKEY:<br>
 
THE GOVERNMENT OF THE GRAND NATIONAL ASSEMBLY OF TURKEY:<br>
 +
Ismet Pasha, Minister for Foreign Affairs, Deputy for Adrianople;
 +
Dr. Riza Nour Bey, Minister for Health and for Public Assistance,
 +
Deputy for Sinope;Hassan Bey, formerly Minister, Deputy for Trebizond;
 +
 +
 +
Who, having produced their full powers, found in good and due orm,
 +
have agreed as follows:
 +
 +
 +
PART I.<br>
 +
POLITICAL CLAUSES.<br>
 +
ARTICLE I.<br>
 +
 +
From the coming into force of the present Treaty, the state of peace
 +
will be definitely re-established between the British Empire, France,
 +
Italy, Japan, Greece, Roumania and the Serb-Croat-Slovene State of the
 +
one part, and Turkey of the other part, as well as between their
 +
respective nationals. Official relations will be resumed on both sides
 +
and, in the respective territories, diplomatic and consular
 +
representatives will receive, without prejudice to such agreements as
 +
may be concluded in the future, treatment in accordance with the
 +
general principles of international law.
 +
 +
 +
SECTION I.<br>
 +
I. TERRITORIAL CLAUSES.<br>
 +
ARTICLE 2.<br>
 +
 +
From the Black Sea to the Aegean the frontier of Turkey is laid
 +
down as follows: (I) With Bulgaria:
 +
 +
From the mouth of the River Rezvaya, to the River Maritza, the point
 +
of junction of the three frontiers of Turkey, Bulgaria and Greece:
 +
 +
the southern frontier of Bulgaria as at present demarcated;
 +
 +
(2) With Greece:
 +
 +
Thence to the confluence of the Arda and the Marilza:
  
  Ismet Pasha, Minister for Foreign Affairs, Deputy for
+
the course of the Maritza;
 
 
    Adrianople;<p>
 
   
 
  Dr. Riza Nour Bey, Minister for Health and for Public
 
    Assistance, Deputy for Sinope;<p>
 
   
 
  Hassan Bey, formerly Minister, Deputy for Trebizond;<p>
 
 
 
Who, having produced their full powers, found in good and due
 
orm, have agreed as follows:<p>
 
                                                                      PART I.<br>
 
  
                                                                  POLITICAL CLAUSES.<br>
+
then upstream along the Arda, up to a point on that river to be
 +
determined on the spot in the immediate neighbourhood of the village
 +
of Tchorek-Keuy:
  
                                                                    ARTICLE I.<p>
+
the course of the Arda;
  
                                                                 
+
thence in a south-easterly direction up to a point on the Maritza, 1
                                                      From the coming into force of the present Treaty, the state
+
kilom. below Bosna-Keuy:
                                                      of peace will be definitely re-established between the British
 
                                                      Empire, France, Italy, Japan, Greece, Roumania and the Serb-Croat-Slovene State of the one part, and Turkey of the other part,
 
                                                      as well as between their respective nationals.
 
                                                      Official relations will be resumed on both sides and, in the
 
                                                      respective territories, diplomatic and consular representatives will
 
                                                      receive, without prejudice to such agreements as may be concluded in the future, treatment in accordance with the general
 
                                                      principles of international law.<p>
 
                                                     
 
                                                                    SECTION I.<br>
 
                                                                I. TERRITORIAL CLAUSES.<br>
 
                                                                    ARTICLE 2.<p>
 
                                                               
 
                                                      From the Black Sea to the &AElig;:gean the frontier of Turkey is laid                                                      down as follows:
 
                                                      (I) With Bulgaria:<p>
 
                                                      From the mouth of the River Rezvaya, to the River Maritza,
 
                                                      the point of junction of the three frontiers of Turkey, Bulgaria and
 
                                                      Greece:<p>
 
                                                      the southern frontier of Bulgaria as at present demarcated;<p>
 
                                                      (2) With Greece:<p>
 
                                                      Thence to the confluence of the Arda and the Marilza:<p>
 
                                                      the course of the Maritza;<p>
 
                                                      then upstream along the Arda, up to a point on that river to be
 
                                                      determined on the spot in the immediate neighbourhood of the
 
                                                      village of Tchorek-Keuy:<p>
 
                                                      the course of the Arda;<p>
 
                                                      thence in a south-easterly direction up to a point on the
 
                                                      Maritza, 1 kilom. below Bosna-Keuy:<p>
 
                                                            a roughly straight line leaving in Turkish territory the village
 
of Bosna-Keuy. The village of Tchorek-Keuy shall be assigned to
 
Greece or to Turkey according as the majority of the population
 
shall be found to be Greek or Turkish by the Commission for
 
which provision is made in Article 5, the population which has
 
migrated into this village after the 11th October, 1922, not being
 
taken into account;<p>
 
  
  thence to the &AElig;gean Sea:<p>
+
a roughly straight line leaving in Turkish territory the village of
 
+
Bosna-Keuy. The village of Tchorek-Keuy shall be assigned to Greece or
the course of the Maritza.<p>
+
to Turkey according as the majority of the population shall be found
+
to be Greek or Turkish by the Commission for which provision is made
                ARTICLE 3.<p>
+
in Article 5, the population which has migrated into this village
               
+
after the 11th October, 1922, not being taken into account;
    From the Mediterranean to the frontier of Persia, the frontier
 
of Turkey is laid down as follows:<p>
 
  
(I ) With Syria:<p>
+
thence to the Aegean Sea:
  
    The frontier described in Article 8 of the Franco-Turkish
+
the course of the Maritza.
Agreement of the 20th October, 1921<p>
 
  
(2) With Iraq:<p>
 
  
    The frontier between Turkey and Iraq shall be laid down in
+
ARTICLE 3.
friendly arrangement to be concluded between Turkey and Great
 
Britain within nine months.<p>
 
  
    In the event of no agreement being reached between the two
+
From the Mediterranean to the frontier of Persia, the frontier of
Governments within the time mentioned, the dispute shall be
+
Turkey is laid down as follows:
referred to the Council of the League of Nations.<p>
 
  
    The Turkish and British Governments reciprocally undertake
+
(I ) With Syria:
that, pending the decision to be reached on the subject of the
 
frontier, no military or other movement shall take place which
 
might modify in any way the present state of the territories of
 
which the final fate will depend upon that decision.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 4.<p>
+
The frontier described in Article 8 of the Franco-Turkish Agreement of
             
+
the 20th October, 1921
    The frontiers described by the present Treaty are traced on
 
the one-in-a-million maps attached to the present Treaty. In case
 
of divergence between the text and the map, the text will prevail.
 
[See Introduction.]<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 5.<p>
+
(2) With Iraq:
             
 
    A Boundary Commission will be appointed to trace on the
 
ground the frontier defined in Article 2 (2). This Commission
 
will be composed of representatives of Greece and of Turkey, each
 
Power appointing one representative, and a president chosen by
 
them from the nationals of a third Power.<p>
 
  
They shall endeavour in all cases to follow as nearly as possible
+
The frontier between Turkey and Iraq shall be laid down in friendly
                                                      the descriptions given in the present Treaty, taking into account
+
arrangement to be concluded between Turkey and Great Britain within
                                                      as far as possible administrative boundaries and local economic
+
nine months.
                                                      interests.<p>
 
                                                     
 
                                                          The decision of the Commission will be taken by a majority and
 
                                                      shall be binding on the parties concerned.<p>
 
                                                            The expenses of the Commission shall be borne in equal shares
 
                                                      by the parties concerned.<p>
 
                                                     
 
                                                                      ARTICLE 6.<p>
 
                                                                     
 
                                                            In so far as concerns frontiers defined by a waterway as distinct
 
                                                      from its banks, the phrases "course" or "channel" used in the
 
                                                      descriptions of the present Treaty signify, as regards non-navigable rivers, the median line of the waterway or of its principal
 
                                                      branch, and, as regards navigable rivers, the median line of the
 
                                                      principal channel of navigation. It will rest with the Boundary
 
                                                      Commission to specify whether the frontier line shall follow any
 
                                                      changes of the course or channel which may take place, or whether
 
                                                      it shall be definitely fixed by the position of the course or channel
 
                                                      at the time when the present Treaty comes into force.<p>
 
                                                     
 
                                                            In the absence of provisions to the contrary, in the present
 
                                                      Treaty, islands and islets Iying within three miles of the coast are
 
                                                      included within the frontier of the coastal State.<p>
 
                                                     
 
                                                                      ARTICLE 7.<p>
 
                                                                     
 
                                                            The- various States concerned undertake to furnish to the
 
                                                        Boundary Commission all documents necessary for its task, especially authentic copies of agreements fixing existing or old frontiers, all large scale maps in existence, geodetic data, surveys completed but unpublished, and information concerning the changes
 
                                                        of frontier watercourses. The maps, geodetic data, and surveys,
 
                                                        even if unpublished, which are in the possession of the Turkish
 
                                                        authorities, must be delivered at Constantinople with the least
 
                                                        possible delay from the coming into force of the present Treaty
 
                                                        to the President of the Commission.<p>
 
                                                       
 
                                                            The States concerned also undertake to instruct the local
 
                                                        authorities to communicate to the Commission all documents,
 
                                                        especially plans, cadastral and land books, and to furnish on
 
                                                        demand all details regarding property, existing economic conditions and other necessary information.<p>
 
                ARTICLE 8.<p>
 
               
 
    The various States interested undertake to give every assistance to the Boundary Commission, whether directly or through
 
local authorities, in everything that concerns transport, accommodation, labour, materials (sign posts, boundary pillars) necessary for the accomplishment of its mission.<p>
 
  
    In particular, the Turkish Government undertakes to furnish,
+
In the event of no agreement being reached between the two Governments
if required, the technical personnel necessary to assist the Boundary Commission in the accomplishment of its duties.<p>
+
within the time mentioned, the dispute shall be referred to the
 +
Council of the League of Nations.
  
                ARTICLE 9.<p>
+
The Turkish and British Governments reciprocally undertake that,
               
+
pending the decision to be reached on the subject of the frontier, no
    The various States interested undertake to safeguard the
+
military or other movement shall take place which might modify in any
 +
way the present state of the territories of which the final fate will
 +
depend upon that decision.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 4.
 +
 
 +
The frontiers described by the present Treaty are traced on the
 +
one-in-a-million maps attached to the present Treaty. In case of
 +
divergence between the text and the map, the text will prevail. [See
 +
Introduction.]
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 5.
 +
 
 +
A Boundary Commission will be appointed to trace on the ground the
 +
frontier defined in Article 2 (2). This Commission will be composed of
 +
representatives of Greece and of Turkey, each Power appointing one
 +
representative, and a president chosen by them from the nationals of a
 +
third Power.
 +
 
 +
They shall endeavour in all cases to follow as nearly as possible the
 +
descriptions given in the present Treaty, taking into account as far
 +
as possible administrative boundaries and local economic interests.
 +
 
 +
The decision of the Commission will be taken by a majority and shall
 +
be binding on the parties concerned.
 +
 
 +
The expenses of the Commission shall be borne in equal shares by the
 +
parties concerned.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 6.
 +
 
 +
In so far as concerns frontiers defined by a waterway as distinct from
 +
its banks, the phrases "course" or "channel" used in the descriptions
 +
of the present Treaty signify, as regards non-navigable rivers, the
 +
median line of the waterway or of its principal branch, and, as
 +
regards navigable rivers, the median line of the principal channel of
 +
navigation. It will rest with the Boundary Commission to specify
 +
whether the frontier line shall follow any changes of the course or
 +
channel which may take place, or whether it shall be definitely fixed
 +
by the position of the course or channel at the time when the present
 +
Treaty comes into force.
 +
 
 +
In the absence of provisions to the contrary, in the present Treaty,
 +
islands and islets Iying within three miles of the coast are included
 +
within the frontier of the coastal State.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 7.
 +
 
 +
The various States concerned undertake to furnish to the Boundary
 +
Commission all documents necessary for its task, especially authentic
 +
copies of agreements fixing existing or old frontiers, all large scale
 +
maps in existence, geodetic data, surveys completed but unpublished,
 +
and information concerning the changes of frontier watercourses. The
 +
maps, geodetic data, and surveys, even if unpublished, which are in
 +
the possession of the Turkish authorities, must be delivered at
 +
Constantinople with the least possible delay from the coming into
 +
force of the present Treaty to the President of the Commission.
 +
 
 +
The States concerned also undertake to instruct the local authorities
 +
to communicate to the Commission all documents, especially plans,
 +
cadastral and land books, and to furnish on demand all details
 +
regarding property, existing economic conditions and other necessary
 +
information.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 8.
 +
 
 +
The various States interested undertake to give every assistance to
 +
the Boundary Commission, whether directly or through local
 +
authorities, in everything that concerns transport, accommodation,
 +
labour, materials (sign posts, boundary pillars) necessary for the
 +
accomplishment of its mission.
 +
 
 +
In particular, the Turkish Government undertakes to furnish, if
 +
required, the technical personnel necessary to assist the Boundary
 +
Commission in the accomplishment of its duties.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 9.
 +
 
 +
The various States interested undertake to safeguard the
 
trigonometrical points, signals, posts or frontier marks erected by
 
trigonometrical points, signals, posts or frontier marks erected by
the Commission.<p>
+
the Commission.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 10.
 +
 
 +
The pillars will be placed so as to be intervisible. They will be
 +
numbered, and their position and their number will be noted on a
 +
cartographic document.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 11.
 +
 
 +
The protocols defining the boundary and the maps and documents
 +
attached thereto will be made out in triplicate, of which two copies
 +
will be forwarded to the Governments of the limitrophe States, and the
 +
third to the Government of the French Republic, which will deliver
 +
authentic copies to the Powers who sign the present Treaty.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 12.
 +
 
 +
The decision taken on the 13th February, 1914, by the Conference of
 +
London, in virtue of Articles 5 of the Treaty of London of the
 +
17th-30th May, 1913, and 15 of the Treaty of Athens of the 1st-14th
 +
November, 1913, which decision was communicated to the Greek
 +
Government on the 13th February, 1914, regarding the sovereignty of
 +
Greece over the islands of the Eastern Mediterranean, other than the
 +
islands of Imbros, Tenedos and Rabbit Islands, particularly the
 +
islands of Lemnos, Samothrace, Mytilene, Chios, Samos and Nikaria, is
 +
confirmed, subject to the provisions of the present Treaty respecting
 +
the islands placed under the sovereigntyof Italy which form the
 +
subject of Article 15.
 +
 
 +
Except where a provision to the contrary is contained in the present
 +
Treaty, the islands situated at less than three miles from the Asiatic
 +
coast remain under Turkish sovereignty.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 13.
 +
 
 +
With a view to ensuring the maintenance of peace, the Greek Government
 +
undertakes to observe the following restrictions in the islands of
 +
Mytilene, Chios, Samos and Nikaria:
 +
 
 +
(I) No naval base and no fortification will be established in the said
 +
islands.
 +
 
 +
(2) Greek military aircraft will be forbidden to fly over the
 +
territory of the Anatolian coast. Reciprocally, the Turkish Government
 +
will forbid their military aircraft to fly over the said islands.
 +
 
 +
(3) The Greek military forces in the said islands will be limited to
 +
the normal contingent called up for military service, which can be
 +
trained on the spot, as well as to a force of gendarmerie and police
 +
in proportion to the force of gendarmerie and police existing in the
 +
whole of the Greek territory.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 14.
 +
 
 +
The islands of Imbros and Tenedos, remaining under Turkish
 +
sovereignty, shall enjoy a special administrative organisation
 +
composed of local elements and furnishing every guarantee for the
 +
native non-Moslem population in so far as concerns local
 +
administration and the protection of persons and property. The
 +
maintenance of order will be assured therein by a police force
 +
recruited from amongst the local population by the local
 +
administration above provided for and placed under its orders.
 +
 
 +
The agreements which have been, or may be, concluded between Greece
 +
and Turkey relating to the exchange of the Greek and Turkish
 +
populations will not be applied to the inhabitants of the islands of
 +
Imbros and Tenedos.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 15.
 +
 
 +
Turkey renounces in favour of Italy all rights and title over the
 +
following islands: Stampalia (Astrapalia), Rhodes (Rhodos), Calki
 +
(Kharki), Scarpanto, Casos (Casso), Piscopis (Tilos), Misiros
 +
(Nisyros), Calimnos (Kalymnos), Leros, Patmos, Lipsos (Lipso), Simi
 +
(Symi), and Cos (Kos), which are now occupied by Italy, and the islets
 +
dependent thereon, and also over the island of Castellorizzo.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE I6.
 +
 
 +
Turkey hereby renounces all rights and title whatsoever over or
 +
respecting the territories situated outside the frontiers laid down in
 +
the present Treaty and the islands other than those over which her
 +
sovereignty is recognised by the said Treaty, the future of these
 +
territories and islands being settled or to be settled by the parties
 +
concerned.
 +
 
 +
The provisions of the present Article do not prejudice any special
 +
arrangements arising from neighbourly relations which have been or may
 +
be concluded between Turkey and any limitrophe countries.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 17.
 +
 
 +
The renunciation by Turkey of all rights and titles over Egypt and
 +
over the Soudan will take effect as from the 5th November, 1914.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 18.
 +
 
 +
Turkey is released from all undertakings and obligations in regard to
 +
the Ottoman loans guaranteed on the Egyptian tribute, that is to say,
 +
the loans of 1855, 1891 and 1894. The annual payments made by Egypt
 +
for the service of these loans now forming part of the service of the
 +
Egyptian Public Debt, Egypt is freed from all other obligations
 +
relating to the Ottoman Public Debt.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 19.
 +
 
 +
Any questions arising from the recognition of the State of Egypt shall
 +
be settled by agreements to be negotiated subsequently in a manner to
 +
be determined later between the Powers concerned. The provisions of
 +
the present Treaty relating to territories detached from Turkey under
 +
the said Treaty will not apply to Egypt.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 20.
 +
 
 +
Turkey hereby recognises the annexation of Cyprus proclaimed by the
 +
British Government on the sth November, 1914.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 2I .
  
              ARTICLE 10.<p>
+
Turkish nationals ordinarily resident in Cyprus on the 5th November,
             
+
1914, will acquire British nationality subject to the conditions laid
    The pillars will be placed so as to be intervisible. They will
+
down in the local law, and will thereupon lose their Turkish
be numbered, and their position and their number will be noted
+
nationality. They will, however, have the right to opt for Turkish
on a cartographic document.<p>
+
nationality within two years from the coming into force of the present
 +
Treaty, provided that they leave Cyprus within twelve months after
 +
having so opted.
  
              ARTICLE 11.<p>
+
Turkish nationals ordinarily resident in Cyprus on the coming into
             
+
force of the present Treaty who, at that date, have acquired or are in
      The protocols defining the boundary and the maps and documents attached thereto will be made out in triplicate, of which
+
process of acquiring British nationality in consequence of a request
two copies will be forwarded to the Governments of the limitrophe
+
made in accordance with the local law, will also thereupon lose their
States, and the third to the Government of the French Republic, which will deliver authentic copies to the Powers who sign the
+
Turkish nationality.
present Treaty.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 12.<p>
+
It is understood that the Government of Cyprus will be entitled to
             
+
refuse British nationality to inhabitants of the island who, being
      The decision taken on the 13th February, 1914, by the Conference of London, in virtue of Articles 5 of the Treaty of London
+
Turkish nationals, had formerly acquired another nationality without
of the 17th-30th May, 1913, and 15 of the Treaty of Athens of the
+
the consent of the Turkish Government.
1st-14th November, 1913, which decision was communicated to
 
the Greek Government on the 13th February, 1914, regarding the
 
sovereignty of Greece over the islands of the Eastern Mediterranean, other than the islands of Imbros, Tenedos and Rabbit
 
Islands, particularly the islands of Lemnos, Samothrace, Mytilene, Chios, Samos and Nikaria, is confirmed, subject to the
 
provisions of the present Treaty respecting the islands placed
 
under the sovereigntyof Italy which form the subject of Article 15.<p>
 
  
      Except where a provision to the contrary is contained in the
 
present Treaty, the islands situated at less than three miles
 
from the Asiatic coast remain under Turkish sovereignty.<p>
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 13.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                        With a view to ensuring the maintenance of peace, the Greek
 
                                                  Government undertakes to observe the following restrictions in
 
                                                  the islands of Mytilene, Chios, Samos and Nikaria:<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                    (I) No naval base and no fortification will be established in the
 
                                                        said islands.<p>
 
                                                       
 
                                                    (2) Greek military aircraft will be forbidden to fly over the
 
                                                        territory of the Anatolian coast. Reciprocally, the Turkish Government will forbid their military aircraft to fly
 
                                                        over the said islands.<p>
 
                                                       
 
                                                    (3) The Greek military forces in the said islands will be
 
                                                        limited to the normal contingent called up for military
 
                                                        service, which can be trained on the spot, as well as to
 
                                                        a force of gendarmerie and police in proportion to the
 
                                                        force of gendarmerie and police existing in the whole
 
                                                        of the Greek territory.<p>
 
                                                       
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 14.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                        The islands of Imbros and Tenedos, remaining under Turkish
 
                                                  sovereignty, shall enjoy a special administrative organisation
 
                                                  composed of local elements and furnishing every guarantee for the
 
                                                  native non-Moslem population in so far as concerns local administration and the protection of persons and property. The maintenance of order will be assured therein by a police force recruited
 
                                                  from amongst the local population by the local administration
 
                                                  above provided for and placed under its orders.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                        The agreements which have been, or may be, concluded between Greece and Turkey relating to the exchange of the Greek
 
                                                  and Turkish populations will not be applied to the inhabitants of
 
                                                  the islands of Imbros and Tenedos.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 15.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                        Turkey renounces in favour of Italy all rights and title over the
 
                                                  following islands: Stampalia (Astrapalia), Rhodes (Rhodos), Calki (Kharki), Scarpanto, Casos (Casso), Piscopis (Tilos), Misiros
 
                                                  (Nisyros), Calimnos (Kalymnos), Leros, Patmos, Lipsos (Lipso),
 
                                                  Simi (Symi), and Cos (Kos), which are now occupied by Italy,
 
                                                  and the islets dependent thereon, and also over the island of Castellorizzo.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE I6.<p>
+
ARTICLE 22.
             
 
      Turkey hereby renounces all rights and title whatsoever over or
 
respecting the territories situated outside the frontiers laid down
 
in the present Treaty and the islands other than those over which
 
her sovereignty is recognised by the said Treaty, the future of
 
these territories and islands being settled or to be settled by the
 
parties concerned.<p>
 
  
      The provisions of the present Article do not prejudice any special arrangements arising from neighbourly relations which have
+
Without prejudice to the general stipulations of Article 27, Turkey
been or may be concluded between Turkey and any limitrophe
+
hereby recognises the definite abolition of all rights and privileges
countries.<p>
+
whatsoever which she enjoyed in Libya under the Treaty of Lausanne of
 +
the 18th October, 1912, and the instruments connected therewith.
  
              ARTICLE 17.<p>
 
             
 
      The renunciation by Turkey of all rights and titles over Egypt
 
and over the Soudan will take effect as from the 5th November,
 
1914.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 18.<p>
+
2. SPECIAL PROVISIONS.<br>
             
+
ARTICLE 23.
      Turkey is released from all undertakings and obligations in
 
regard to the Ottoman loans guaranteed on the Egyptian tribute,
 
that is to say, the loans of 1855, 1891 and 1894. The annual
 
payments made by Egypt for the service of these loans now forming part of the service of the Egyptian Public Debt, Egypt is
 
freed from all other obligations relating to the Ottoman Public
 
Debt.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 19.<p>
+
The High Contracting Parties are agreed to recognise and declare the
             
+
principle of freedom of transit and of navigation, by sea and by air,
      Any questions arising from the recognition of the State of Egypt
+
in time of peace as in time of war, in the strait of the Dardanelles,
shall be settled by agreements to be negotiated subsequently in a
+
the Sea of Marmora and the Bosphorus, as prescribed in the separate
manner to be determined later between the Powers concerned.
+
Convention signed this day, regarding the regime of the Straits. This
The provisions of the present Treaty relating to territories detached from Turkey under the said Treaty will not apply to Egypt.<p>
+
Convention will have the same force and effect in so far as the
 +
present High Contracting Parties are concerned as if it formed part of
 +
the present Treaty.
  
              ARTICLE 20.<p>
 
             
 
      Turkey hereby recognises the annexation of Cyprus proclaimed
 
by the British Government on the sth November, 1914.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 2I .<p>
+
ARTICLE 24.
             
 
      Turkish nationals ordinarily resident in Cyprus on the 5th
 
November, 1914, will acquire British nationality subject to the
 
conditions laid down in the local law, and will thereupon lose
 
their Turkish nationality. They will, however, have the right to opt for Turkish nationality within two years from the coming into
 
force of the present Treaty, provided that they leave Cyprus
 
within twelve months after having so opted.<p>
 
  
                                                Turkish nationals ordinarily resident in Cyprus on the coming
+
The separate Convention signed this day respecting the regime for the
into force of the present Treaty who, at that date, have acquired
+
frontier described in Article 2 of the present Treaty will have equal
or are in process of acquiring British nationality in consequence
+
force and effect in so far as the present High Contracting Parties are
of a request made in accordance with the local law, will also
+
concerned as if it formed part of the present Treaty.
thereupon lose their Turkish nationality.<p>
 
  
                                                It is understood that the Government of Cyprus will be entitled
 
to refuse British nationality to inhabitants of the island who,
 
being Turkish nationals, had formerly acquired another nationality without the consent of the Turkish Government.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 22.<p>
+
ARTICLE 25.
             
 
                                                Without prejudice to the general stipulations of Article 27,
 
Turkey hereby recognises the definite abolition of all rights and
 
privileges whatsoever which she enjoyed in Libya under the
 
Treaty of Lausanne of the 18th October, 1912, and the instruments connected therewith.<p>
 
  
        2. SPECIAL PROVISIONS.<br>
+
Turkey undertakes to recognise the full force of the Treaties of Peace
            ARTICLE 23.<p>
+
and additional Conventions concluded by the other Contracting Powers
       
+
with the Powers who fought on the side of Turkey, and to recognise
                                                The High Contracting Parties are agreed to recognise and
+
whatever dispositions have been or may be made concerning the
declare the principle of freedom of transit and of navigation, by
+
territories of the former German Empire, of Austria, of Hungary and of
sea and by air, in time of peace as in time of war, in the strait of
+
Bulgaria, and to recognise the new States within their frontiers as
the Dardanelles, the Sea of Marmora and the Bosphorus, as prescribed in the separate Convention signed this day, regarding the
+
there laid down.
regime of the Straits. This Convention will have the same force
 
and effect in so far as the present High Contracting Parties are
 
concerned as if it formed part of the present Treaty.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 24.<p>
 
             
 
                                                The separate Convention signed this day respecting the regime
 
for the frontier described in Article 2 of the present Treaty will
 
have equal force and effect in so far as the present High Contracting Parties are concerned as if it formed part of the present Treaty.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 25.<p>
+
ARTICLE 26.
             
 
                                                Turkey undertakes to recognise the full force of the Treaties of
 
Peace and additional Conventions concluded by the other Contracting Powers with the Powers who fought on the side of Turkey, and to recognise whatever dispositions have been or may be
 
made concerning the territories of the former German Empire, of
 
Austria, of Hungary and of Bulgaria, and to recognise the new
 
States within their frontiers as there laid down.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 26.<p>
+
Turkey hereby recognises and accepts the frontiers of Germany,
             
 
      Turkey hereby recognises and accepts the frontiers of Germany,
 
 
Austria, Bulgaria, Greece, Hungary, Poland, Roumania, the
 
Austria, Bulgaria, Greece, Hungary, Poland, Roumania, the
 
Serb-Croat-Slovene State and the Czechoslovak State, as these
 
Serb-Croat-Slovene State and the Czechoslovak State, as these
frontiers have been or may be determined by the Treaties referred
+
frontiers have been or may be determined by the Treaties referred to
to in Article 25 or by any supplementary conventions.<p>
+
in Article 25 or by any supplementary conventions.
 +
 
  
              ARTICLE 27.<p>
+
ARTICLE 27.
             
 
      No power or jurisdiction in political, legislative or administrative matters shall be exercised outside Turkish territory by the
 
Turkish Government or authorities, for any reason whatsoever,
 
over the nationals of a territory placed under the sovereignty or
 
protectorate of the other Powers signatory of the present Treaty,
 
or over the nationals of a territory detached from Turkey.<p>
 
  
      It is understood that the spiritual attributions of the Moslem
+
No power or jurisdiction in political, legislative or administrative
religious authorities are in no way infringed.<p>
+
matters shall be exercised outside Turkish territory by the Turkish
 +
Government or authorities, for any reason whatsoever, over the
 +
nationals of a territory placed under the sovereignty or protectorate
 +
of the other Powers signatory of the present Treaty, or over the
 +
nationals of a territory detached from Turkey.
  
              ARTICLE 28.<p>
+
It is understood that the spiritual attributions of the Moslem
             
+
religious authorities are in no way infringed.
      Each of the High Contracting Parties hereby accepts, in so far
 
as it is concerned, the complete abolition of the Capitulations in
 
Turkey in every respect.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 29.<p>
 
             
 
      Moroccans, who are French nationals ("ressortissants") and
 
Tunisians shall enjoy in Turkey the same treatment in all respects
 
as other French nationals ("ressortissants").<p>
 
  
      Natives ("ressortissants") of Libya shall enjoy in Turkey the
+
ARTICLE 28.
same treatment in all respects as other Italian nationals ("ressortissants") .<p>
 
  
      The stipulations of the present Article in no way prejudge the
+
Each of the High Contracting Parties hereby accepts, in so far as it
 +
is concerned, the complete abolition of the Capitulations in Turkey in
 +
every respect.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 29.
 +
 
 +
Moroccans, who are French nationals ("ressortissants") and Tunisians
 +
shall enjoy in Turkey the same treatment in all respects as other
 +
French nationals ("ressortissants").
 +
 
 +
Natives ("ressortissants") of Libya shall enjoy in Turkey the same
 +
treatment in all respects as other Italian nationals
 +
("ressortissants") .
 +
 
 +
The stipulations of the present Article in no way prejudge the
 
nationality of persons of Tunisian, Libyan and Moroccan origin
 
nationality of persons of Tunisian, Libyan and Moroccan origin
established in Turkey.<p>
+
established in Turkey.
 +
 
 +
Reciprocally, in the territories the inhabitants of which benefit by
 +
the stipulations of the first and second paragraphs of this Article,
 +
Turkish nationals shall benefit by the same treatment as in France and
 +
in Italy respectively.
 +
 
 +
The treatment to which merchandise originating in or destined for the
 +
territories, the inhabitants of which benefit from the stipulations of
 +
the first paragraph of this Article, shall be subject in Turkey, and,
 +
reciprocally, the treatment to which merchandise originating in or
 +
destined for Turkey shall be subject in the said territories shall be
 +
settled by agreement between the French and Turkish Governments.
  
      Reciprocally, in the territories the inhabitants of which benefit
+
 
by the stipulations of the first and second paragraphs of this
+
SECTION II .<br>
                                                  Article, Turkish nationals shall benefit by the same treatment as
+
NATIONALITY.<br>
                                                  in France and in Italy respectively.<p>
+
ARTICLE 30.<br>
                                                 
+
 
                                                        The treatment to which merchandise originating in or destined
+
Turkish subjects habitually resident in territory which in accordance
                                                  for the territories, the inhabitants of which benefit from the
+
with the provisions of the present Treaty is detached from Turkey will
                                                  stipulations of the first paragraph of this Article, shall be subject
+
become ipsofacto, in the conditions laid down by the local law,
                                                  in Turkey, and, reciprocally, the treatment to which merchandise
+
nationals of the State to which such territory is transferred.
                                                  originating in or destined for Turkey shall be subject in the said
+
 
                                                  territories shall be settled by agreement between the French and
+
 
                                                  Turkish Governments.<p>
+
ARTICLE 31.
                                                 
+
 
                                                                SECTION II .<br>
+
Persons over eighteen years of age, losing their Turkish nationality
                                                                NATIONALITY.<br>
+
and obtaining ipso facto a new nationality under Article 30, shall be
                                                                ARTICLE 30.<p>
+
entitled within a period of two years from the coming into force of
                                                        Turkish subjects habitually resident in territory which in
+
the present Treaty to opt for Turkish nationality.
                                                  accordance with the provisions of the present Treaty is detached
+
 
                                                  from Turkey will become ipsofacto, in the conditions laid down by
+
 
                                                  the local law, nationals of the State to which such territory is
+
ARTICLE 32.
                                                  transferred.<p>
+
 
                                                 
+
Persons over eighteen years of age, habitually resident in territory
                                                                  ARTICLE 31.<p>
+
detached from Turkey in accordance with the present Treaty, and
                                                                 
+
differing in race from the majority of the population of such
                                                        Persons over eighteen years of age, losing their Turkish nationality and obtaining <i>ipso facto</i> a new nationality under Article
+
territory shall, within two years from the coming into force of the
                                                  30, shall be entitled within a period of two years from the coming
+
present Treaty, be entitled to opt for the nationality of one of the
                                                  into force of the present Treaty to opt for Turkish nationality.<p>
+
States in which the majority of the population is of the same race as
                                                 
+
the person exercising the right to opt, subject to the consent of that
                                                                  ARTICLE 32.<p>
+
State.
                                                                 
+
 
                                                        Persons over eighteen years of age, habitually resident in territory detached from Turkey in accordance with the present
+
 
                                                  Treaty, and differing in race from the majority of the population
+
ARTICLE 33.
                                                  of such territory shall, within two years from the coming into
+
 
                                                  force of the present Treaty, be entitled to opt for the nationality
+
Persons who have exercised the right to opt in accordance with the
                                                  of one of the States in which the majority of the population is of
+
provisions of Articles 31 and 32 must, within the succeeding twelve
                                                  the same race as the person exercising the right to opt, subject to
+
months, transfer their place of residence to the State for which they
                                                  the consent of that State.<p>
+
have opted.
                                                 
+
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 33.<p>
+
They will be entitled to retain their immovable property in the
                                                                 
 
                                                        Persons who have exercised the right to opt in accordance with
 
                                                  the provisions of Articles 31 and 32 must, within the succeeding
 
                                                  twelve months, transfer their place of residence to the State for
 
                                                  which they have opted.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                    They will be entitled to retain their immovable property in the
 
 
territory of the other State where they had their place of residence
 
territory of the other State where they had their place of residence
before exercising their right to opt.<p>
+
before exercising their right to opt.
 +
 
 +
They may carry with them their movable property of every
 +
description. No export or import duties may be imposed upon them in
 +
connection with the removal of such property.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 34.
 +
 
 +
Subject to any agreements which it may be necessary to conclude
 +
between the Governments exercising authority in the countries detached
 +
from Turkey and the Governments of the countries where the persons
 +
concerned are resident, Turkish nationals of over eighteen years of
 +
age who are natives of a territory detached from Turkey under the
 +
present Treaty, and who on its coming into force are habitually
 +
resident abroad, may opt for the nationality of the territory of which
 +
they are natives, if they belong by race to the majority of the
 +
population of that territory, and subject to theconsent of the
 +
Government exercising authority therein. This right of option must be
 +
exercised within two years from the coming into force of the present
 +
Treaty.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 35.
 +
 
 +
The Contracting Powers undertake to put no hindrance in the way of the
 +
exercise of the right which the persons concerned have under the
 +
present Treaty, or under the Treaties of Peace concluded with Germany,
 +
Austria, Bulgaria or Hungary, or under any Treaty concluded by the
 +
said Powers, other than Turkey, or any of them, with Russia, or
 +
between themselves, to choose any other nationality which may be open
 +
to them.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 36.
 +
 
 +
For the purposes of the provisions of this Section, the status of a
 +
married woman will be governed by that of her husband, and the status
 +
of children under eighteen years of age by that of their parents.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
SECTION III.<br>
 +
PROTECTION OF MINORITIES.<br>
 +
ARTICLE 37.<br>
  
    They may carry with them their movable property of every
+
Turkey undertakes that the stipulations contained in Articles 38 to 44
description. No export or import duties may be imposed upon
+
shall be recognised as fundamental laws, and that no law, no
them in connection with the removal of such property.<p>
+
regulation, nor official action shall conflict or interfere with these
 +
stipulations, nor shall any law, regulation, nor official action
 +
prevail over them.
  
              ARTICLE 34.<p>
 
             
 
    Subject to any agreements which it may be necessary to conclude between the Governments exercising authority in the countries detached from Turkey and the Governments of the countries
 
where the persons concerned are resident, Turkish nationals of
 
over eighteen years of age who are natives of a territory detached
 
from Turkey under the present Treaty, and who on its coming
 
into force are habitually resident abroad, may opt for the nationality of the territory of which they are natives, if they belong by
 
race to the majority of the population of that territory, and subject to theconsent of the Government exercising authority therein.
 
This right of option must be exercised within two years from the
 
coming into force of the present Treaty.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 35.<p>
+
ARTICLE 38.
             
 
      The Contracting Powers undertake to put no hindrance in the
 
way of the exercise of the right which the persons concerned have
 
under the present Treaty, or under the Treaties of Peace concluded with Germany, Austria, Bulgaria or Hungary, or under
 
any Treaty concluded by the said Powers, other than Turkey,
 
or any of them, with Russia, or between themselves, to choose
 
any other nationality which may be open to them.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 36.<p>
+
The Turkish Government undertakes to assure full and complete
             
+
protection of life and liberty to ali inhabitants of Turkey without
      For the purposes of the provisions of this Section, the status of
+
distinction of birth, nationality, language, race or religion.
a married woman will be governed by that of her husband, and
 
the status of children under eighteen years of age by that of their
 
parents.<p>
 
  
          SECTION III.<br>
+
All inhabitants of Turkey shall be entitled to free exercise, whether
          PROTECTION OF MINORITIES.<br>
+
in public or private, of any creed, religion or belief, the observance
         
+
of which shall not be incompatible with public order and good morals.
              ARTICLE 37.<p>
 
             
 
      Turkey undertakes that the stipulations contained in Articles
 
38 to 44 shall be recognised as fundamental laws, and that no
 
                                                    law, no regulation, nor official action shall conflict or interfere with
 
                                                    these stipulations, nor shall any law, regulation, nor official action
 
                                                    prevail over them.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 38.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                        The Turkish Government undertakes to assure full and complete protection of life and liberty to ali inhabitants of Turkey
 
                                                    without distinction of birth, nationality, language, race or religion.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                        All inhabitants of Turkey shall be entitled to free exercise,
 
                                                    whether in public or private, of any creed, religion or belief, the
 
                                                    observance of which shall not be incompatible with public order
 
                                                    and good morals.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                        Non-Moslem minorities will enjoy full freedom of movement
 
                                                    and of emigration, subject to the measures applied, on the whole
 
                                                    or on part of the territory, to all Turkish nationals, and which
 
                                                    may be taken by the Turkish Government for national defence,
 
                                                    or for the maintenance of public order.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 39.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                        Turkish nationals belonging to non-Moslem minorities will
 
                                                    enjoy the same civil and political rights as Moslems.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          All the inhabitants of Turkey, without distinction of religion,
 
                                                    shall be equal before the law.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          Differences of religion, creed or confession shall not prejudice
 
                                                    any Turkish national in matters relating to the enjoyment of civil
 
                                                    or political rights, as, for instance, admission to public employments, functions and honours, or the exercise of professions and
 
                                                    industries.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          No restrictions shall be imposed on the free use by any Turkish
 
                                                    national of any language in private intercourse, in commerce,
 
                                                    religion, in the press, or in publications of any kind or at public
 
                                                    meetings.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          Notwithstanding the existence of the official language, adequate facilities shall be given to Turkish nationals of non-Turkish
 
                                                    speech for the oral use of their own language before the Courts.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 40.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                          Turkish nationals belonging to non-Moslem minorities shall
 
                                                    enjoy the same treatment and security in law and in fact as other
 
                                                    Turkish nationals. In particular, they shall have an equal right to
 
                                                    establish, manage and control at their own expense, any charitable, religious and social institutions, any schools and other
 
establishments for instruction and education, with the right to use
 
their own language and to exercise their own religion freely
 
therein.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 41.<p>
+
Non-Moslem minorities will enjoy full freedom of movement and of
             
+
emigration, subject to the measures applied, on the whole or on part
        As regards public instruction, the Turkish Government will
+
of the territory, to all Turkish nationals, and which may be taken by
grant in those towns and districts, where a considerable proportion of non-Moslem nationals are resident, adequate facilities
+
the Turkish Government for national defence, or for the maintenance of
for ensuring that in the primary schools the instruction shall be
+
public order.
given to the children of such Turkish nationals through the
 
medium of their own language. This provision will not prevent
 
the Turkish Government from making the teaching of the Turkish
 
language obligatory in the said schools.<p>
 
  
        In towns and districts where there is a considerable proportion
 
of Turkish nationals belonging to non-Moslem minorities, these
 
minorities shall be assured an equitable share in the enjoyment
 
and application of the sums which may be provided out of public
 
funds under the State, municipal or other budgets for educational,
 
religious, or charitable purposes.<p>
 
  
        The sums in question shall be paid to the qualified representatives of the establishments and institutions concerned.<p>
+
ARTICLE 39.
  
              ARTICLE 42.<p>
+
Turkish nationals belonging to non-Moslem minorities will enjoy the
             
+
same civil and political rights as Moslems.
        The Turkish Government undertakes to take, as regards non-Moslem minorities, in so far as concerns their family law or
 
personal status, measures permitting the settlement of these
 
questions in accordance with the customs of those minorities.<p>
 
  
        These measures will be elaborated by special Commissions
+
All the inhabitants of Turkey, without distinction of religion, shall
composed of representatives of the Turkish Government and of
+
be equal before the law.
representatives of each of the minorities concerned in equal
 
number. In case of divergence, the Turkish Government and the
 
Council of the League of Nations will appoint in agreement an
 
umpire chosen from amongst European lawyers.<p>
 
  
        The Turkish Government undertakes to grant full protection
+
Differences of religion, creed or confession shall not prejudice any
to the churches, synagogues, cemeteries, and other religious
+
Turkish national in matters relating to the enjoyment of civil or
establishments of the above-mentioned minorities. All facilities
+
political rights, as, for instance, admission to public employments,
and authorisation will be granted to the pious foundations, and to
+
functions and honours, or the exercise of professions and industries.
the religious and charitable institutions of the said minorities at
 
present existing in Turkey, and the Turkish Government will not
 
refuse, for the formation of new religious and charitable institu-
 
tions, any of the necessary facilities which are guaranteed to other
 
private institutions of that nature.<p>
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 43.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                            Turkish nationals belonging to non-Moslem minorities shall not
 
                                                  be compelled to perform any act which constitutes a violation of
 
                                                  their faith or religious observances, and shall not be placed under
 
                                                  any disability by reason of their refusal to attend Courts of Law
 
                                                  or to perform any legal business on their weekly day of rest.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                            This provision, however, shall not exempt such Turkish nationals from such obligations as shall be imposed upon all other
 
                                                    Turkish nationals for the preservation of public order.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 44.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                            Turkey agrees that, in so far as the preceding Articles of this
 
                                                    Section affect non-Moslem nationals of Turkey, these provisions
 
                                                    constitute obligations of international concern and shall be placed
 
                                                    under the guarantee of the League of Nations. They shall not be
 
                                                    modified without the assent of the majority of the Council of the
 
                                                    League of Nations. The British Empire, France, Italy and Japan
 
                                                    hereby agree not to withhold their assent to any modification in
 
                                                    these Articles which is in due form assented to by a majority of
 
                                                    the Council of the League of Nations.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                            Turkey agrees that any Member of the Council of the League
 
                                                    of Nations shall have the right to bring to the attention of the
 
                                                    Council any infraction or danger of infraction of any of these
 
                                                    obligations, and that the Council may thereupon take such action
 
                                                    and give such directions as it may deem proper and effective in the
 
                                                    circumstances.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                            Turkey further agrees that any difference of opinion as to
 
                                                    questions of law or of fact arising out of these Articles between the
 
                                                    Turkish Government and any one of the other Signatory Powers
 
                                                    or any other Power, a member of the Council of the League of
 
                                                    Nations, shall be held to be a dispute of an international character
 
                                                    under Article 14 of the Covenant of the League of Nations. The
 
                                                    Turkish Government hereby consents that any such dispute shall,
 
                                                    if the other party thereto demands, be referred to the Permanent
 
                                                    Court of International Justice. The decision of the Permanent
 
                                                    Court shall be final and shall have the same force and effect as an
 
                                                    award under Article 13 of the Covenant.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                    ARTICLE 45.<p>
 
                                                                   
 
                                                            The rights conferred by the provisions of the present Section
 
                                                    on the non-Moslem minorities of Turkey will be similarly conferred by Greece on the Moslem minority in her territory.<p>
 
  
 +
No restrictions shall be imposed on the free use by any Turkish
 +
national of any language in private intercourse, in commerce,
 +
religion, in the press, or in publications of any kind or at public
 +
meetings.
  
              PART II.<br>
+
Notwithstanding the existence of the official language, adequate
          FINANCIAL CLAUSES.<br>
+
facilities shall be given to Turkish nationals of non-Turkish speech
              SECTION I.<br>
+
for the oral use of their own language before the Courts.
          OTTOMAN PUBLIC DEBT.<br>
 
         
 
              ARTICLE 46.<p>
 
             
 
      The Ottoman Public Debt, as defined in the Table annexed to
 
the present Section, shall be distributed under the conditions laid
 
down in the present Section between Turkey, the States in favour
 
of which territory has been detached from the Ottoman Empire
 
after the Balkan wars of 1912-13, the States to which the islands
 
referred to in Articles 12 and 15 of the present Treaty and the
 
territory referred to in the last paragraph of the present Article
 
have been attributed, and the States newly created in territories
 
in Asia which are detached from the Ottoman Empire under the
 
present Treaty. All the above St ates shall also participate, under
 
the conditions laid down in the present Section, in the annual
 
charges for the service of the Ottoman Public Debt from the dates
 
referred to in Article 53.<p>
 
  
      From the dates laid down in Article 53, Turkey shall not be
 
held in any way whatsoever responsible for the shares of the
 
Debt for which other States are liable.<p>
 
  
      For the purpose of the distribution of the Ottoman Public
+
ARTICLE 40.
Debt, that portion of the territory of Thrace which was under
 
Turkish sovereignty on the 1st August, 1914, and lies outside the
 
boundaries of Turkey as laid down by Article 2 of the present
 
Treaty, shall be deemed to be detached from the Ottoman
 
Empire under the said Treaty.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 47.<p>
+
Turkish nationals belonging to non-Moslem minorities shall enjoy the
             
+
same treatment and security in law and in fact as other Turkish
      The Council of the Ottoman Public Debt shall, within three
+
nationals. In particular, they shall have an equal right to establish,
months from the coming into force of the present Treaty, determine, on the basis laid down by Articles 50 and 51, the amounts
+
manage and control at their own expense, any charitable, religious and
of the annuities for the loans referred to in Part A of the Table
+
social institutions, any schools and other establishments for
annexed to the present Section which are payable by each
+
instruction and education, with the right to use their own language
of the States concerned, and shall notify to them this amount.<p>
+
and to exercise their own religion freely therein.
                                                    These States shall be granted an opportunity to send to
 
                                               
 
                                                    Constantinople delegates to check the calculations made for this
 
                                                    purpose by the Council of the Ottoman Public Debt.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          The Council of the Debt shall exercise the functions referred
 
                                                    to in Article 134 of the Treaty of Peace with Bulgaria of the
 
                                                    27th November, 1919.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          Any disputes which may arise between the parties concerned
 
                                                    as to the application of the principles laid down in the present
 
                                                    Article shall be referred, not more than one month after the
 
                                                    notification referred to in the first paragraph, to an arbitrator
 
                                                    whom the Council of the League of Nations will be asked to
 
                                                    appoint; this arbitrator shall give his decision within a period of
 
                                                    not more than three months. The remuneration of the arbitrator
 
                                                    shall be determined by the Council of the League of Nations, and
 
                                                    shall, together with the other expenses of the arbitration, be
 
                                                    borne by the parties concerned. The decisions of the arbitrator
 
                                                    shall be final. The payment of the annuities shall not be suspended by the reference of any disputes to the above-mentioned
 
                                                    arbitrator.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                    ARTICLE 48.<p>
 
                                                                   
 
                                                          The States, other than Turkey, among which the Ottoman
 
                                                    Public Debt, as defined in Part A of the Table annexed to this
 
                                                    Section is attributed, shall, within three months from the date on
 
                                                    which they are notified, in accordance with Article 47, of their
 
                                                    respective shares in the annual charges referred to in that Article,
 
                                                    assign to the Council of the Debt adequate security for the
 
                                                    payment of their share. If such security is not assigned within
 
                                                    the above-mentioned period, or in the case of any disagreement
 
                                                    as to the adequacy of the security assigned, any of the Governments signatory to the present Treaty shall be entitled to appeal
 
                                                    to the Council of the League of Nations.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          The Council of the League of Nations shall be empowered to
 
                                                    entrust the collection of the revenues assigned as security to
 
                                                    international financial organisations existing in the countries
 
                                                   
 
                                                    (other than Turkey) among which the Debt is distributed. The
 
                                                    decisions of the Council of the League of Nations shall be final.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                    ARTICLE 49<p>
 
                                                                   
 
                                                      Within one month from the date of the final determination
 
                                                    under Article 47 of the amount of the annuities for which each
 
                                                    of the States concerned is liable, a Commission shall meet in
 
  Paris to determine the method of carrying out the distribution
 
of the nominal capital of the Ottoman Public Debt as defined in
 
Part A of the Table annexed to this Section. This distribution
 
shall be made in accordance with the proportions adopted for the
 
division of the annuities, and account shall be taken of the
 
terms of the agreements governing the loans and of the provisions
 
of this Section.<p>
 
  
    The Commission referred to in the first paragraph shall consist
 
of a representative of the Turkish Government, a representative
 
of the Council of the Ottoman Public Debt, a representative of
 
the debt other than the Unified Debt and the Lots Turcs; each
 
of the Governments concerned shall also be entitled to appoint a
 
representative. All questions in regard to which the Commission
 
may be unable to reach agreement shall be referred to the arbitrator referred to in the fourth paragraph of Article 47.<p>
 
  
    If Turkey shall decide to create new securities in respect of her
+
ARTICLE 41.
 +
 
 +
As regards public instruction, the Turkish Government will grant in
 +
those towns and districts, where a considerable proportion of
 +
non-Moslem nationals are resident, adequate facilities for ensuring
 +
that in the primary schools the instruction shall be given to the
 +
children of such Turkish nationals through the medium of their own
 +
language. This provision will not prevent the Turkish Government from
 +
making the teaching of the Turkish language obligatory in the said
 +
schools.
 +
 
 +
In towns and districts where there is a considerable proportion of
 +
Turkish nationals belonging to non-Moslem minorities, these minorities
 +
shall be assured an equitable share in the enjoyment and application
 +
of the sums which may be provided out of public funds under the State,
 +
municipal or other budgets for educational, religious, or charitable
 +
purposes.
 +
 
 +
The sums in question shall be paid to the qualified representatives of
 +
the establishments and institutions concerned.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 42.
 +
 
 +
The Turkish Government undertakes to take, as regards non-Moslem
 +
minorities, in so far as concerns their family law or personal status,
 +
measures permitting the settlement of these questions in accordance
 +
with the customs of those minorities.
 +
 
 +
These measures will be elaborated by special Commissions composed of
 +
representatives of the Turkish Government and of representatives of
 +
each of the minorities concerned in equal number. In case of
 +
divergence, the Turkish Government and the Council of the League of
 +
Nations will appoint in agreement an umpire chosen from amongst
 +
European lawyers.
 +
 
 +
The Turkish Government undertakes to grant full protection to the
 +
churches, synagogues, cemeteries, and other religious establishments
 +
of the above-mentioned minorities. All facilities and authorisation
 +
will be granted to the pious foundations, and to the religious and
 +
charitable institutions of the said minorities at present existing in
 +
Turkey, and the Turkish Government will not refuse, for the formation
 +
of new religious and charitable institu- tions, any of the necessary
 +
facilities which are guaranteed to other private institutions of that
 +
nature.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 43.
 +
 
 +
Turkish nationals belonging to non-Moslem minorities shall not be
 +
compelled to perform any act which constitutes a violation of their
 +
faith or religious observances, and shall not be placed under any
 +
disability by reason of their refusal to attend Courts of Law or to
 +
perform any legal business on their weekly day of rest.
 +
 
 +
This provision, however, shall not exempt such Turkish nationals from
 +
such obligations as shall be imposed upon all other Turkish nationals
 +
for the preservation of public order.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 44.
 +
 
 +
Turkey agrees that, in so far as the preceding Articles of this
 +
Section affect non-Moslem nationals of Turkey, these provisions
 +
constitute obligations of international concern and shall be placed
 +
under the guarantee of the League of Nations. They shall not be
 +
modified without the assent of the majority of the Council of the
 +
League of Nations. The British Empire, France, Italy and Japan hereby
 +
agree not to withhold their assent to any modification in these
 +
Articles which is in due form assented to by a majority of the Council
 +
of the League of Nations.
 +
 
 +
Turkey agrees that any Member of the Council of the League of Nations
 +
shall have the right to bring to the attention of the Council any
 +
infraction or danger of infraction of any of these obligations, and
 +
that the Council may thereupon take such action and give such
 +
directions as it may deem proper and effective in the circumstances.
 +
 
 +
Turkey further agrees that any difference of opinion as to questions
 +
of law or of fact arising out of these Articles between the Turkish
 +
Government and any one of the other Signatory Powers or any other
 +
Power, a member of the Council of the League of Nations, shall be held
 +
to be a dispute of an international character under Article 14 of the
 +
Covenant of the League of Nations. The Turkish Government hereby
 +
consents that any such dispute shall, if the other party thereto
 +
demands, be referred to the Permanent Court of International
 +
Justice. The decision of the Permanent Court shall be final and shall
 +
have the same force and effect as an award under Article 13 of the
 +
Covenant.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 45.
 +
 
 +
The rights conferred by the provisions of the present Section on the
 +
non-Moslem minorities of Turkey will be similarly conferred by Greece
 +
on the Moslem minority in her territory.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
PART II.<br>
 +
FINANCIAL CLAUSES.<br>
 +
SECTION I.<br>
 +
OTTOMAN PUBLIC DEBT.<br>
 +
ARTICLE 46.<br>
 +
 
 +
The Ottoman Public Debt, as defined in the Table annexed to the
 +
present Section, shall be distributed under the conditions laid down
 +
in the present Section between Turkey, the States in favour of which
 +
territory has been detached from the Ottoman Empire after the Balkan
 +
wars of 1912-13, the States to which the islands referred to in
 +
Articles 12 and 15 of the present Treaty and the territory referred to
 +
in the last paragraph of the present Article have been attributed, and
 +
the States newly created in territories in Asia which are detached
 +
from the Ottoman Empire under the present Treaty. All the above St
 +
ates shall also participate, under the conditions laid down in the
 +
present Section, in the annual charges for the service of the Ottoman
 +
Public Debt from the dates referred to in Article 53.
 +
 
 +
From the dates laid down in Article 53, Turkey shall not be held in
 +
any way whatsoever responsible for the shares of the Debt for which
 +
other States are liable.
 +
 
 +
For the purpose of the distribution of the Ottoman Public Debt, that
 +
portion of the territory of Thrace which was under Turkish sovereignty
 +
on the 1st August, 1914, and lies outside the boundaries of Turkey as
 +
laid down by Article 2 of the present Treaty, shall be deemed to be
 +
detached from the Ottoman Empire under the said Treaty.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 47.
 +
 
 +
The Council of the Ottoman Public Debt shall, within three months from
 +
the coming into force of the present Treaty, determine, on the basis
 +
laid down by Articles 50 and 51, the amounts of the annuities for the
 +
loans referred to in Part A of the Table annexed to the present
 +
Section which are payable by each of the States concerned, and shall
 +
notify to them this amount.
 +
 
 +
These States shall be granted an opportunity to send to Constantinople
 +
delegates to check the calculations made for this purpose by the
 +
Council of the Ottoman Public Debt.
 +
 
 +
The Council of the Debt shall exercise the functions referred to in
 +
Article 134 of the Treaty of Peace with Bulgaria of the 27th November,
 +
1919.
 +
 
 +
Any disputes which may arise between the parties concerned as to the
 +
application of the principles laid down in the present Article shall
 +
be referred, not more than one month after the notification referred
 +
to in the first paragraph, to an arbitrator whom the Council of the
 +
League of Nations will be asked to appoint; this arbitrator shall give
 +
his decision within a period of not more than three months. The
 +
remuneration of the arbitrator shall be determined by the Council of
 +
the League of Nations, and shall, together with the other expenses of
 +
the arbitration, be borne by the parties concerned. The decisions of
 +
the arbitrator shall be final. The payment of the annuities shall not
 +
be suspended by the reference of any disputes to the above-mentioned
 +
arbitrator.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 48.
 +
 
 +
The States, other than Turkey, among which the Ottoman Public Debt, as
 +
defined in Part A of the Table annexed to this Section is attributed,
 +
shall, within three months from the date on which they are notified,
 +
in accordance with Article 47, of their respective shares in the
 +
annual charges referred to in that Article, assign to the Council of
 +
the Debt adequate security for the payment of their share. If such
 +
security is not assigned within the above-mentioned period, or in the
 +
case of any disagreement as to the adequacy of the security assigned,
 +
any of the Governments signatory to the present Treaty shall be
 +
entitled to appeal to the Council of the League of Nations.
 +
 
 +
The Council of the League of Nations shall be empowered to entrust the
 +
collection of the revenues assigned as security to international
 +
financial organisations existing in the countries (other than Turkey)
 +
among which the Debt is distributed. The decisions of the Council of
 +
the League of Nations shall be final.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 49
 +
 
 +
Within one month from the date of the final determination under
 +
Article 47 of the amount of the annuities for which each of the States
 +
concerned is liable, a Commission shall meet in Paris to determine the
 +
method of carrying out the distribution of the nominal capital of the
 +
Ottoman Public Debt as defined in Part A of the Table annexed to this
 +
Section. This distribution shall be made in accordance with the
 +
proportions adopted for the division of the annuities, and account
 +
shall be taken of the terms of the agreements governing the loans and
 +
of the provisions of this Section.
 +
 
 +
The Commission referred to in the first paragraph shall consist of a
 +
representative of the Turkish Government, a representative of the
 +
Council of the Ottoman Public Debt, a representative of the debt other
 +
than the Unified Debt and the Lots Turcs; each of the Governments
 +
concerned shall also be entitled to appoint a representative. All
 +
questions in regard to which the Commission may be unable to reach
 +
agreement shall be referred to the arbitrator referred to in the
 +
fourth paragraph of Article 47.
 +
 
 +
If Turkey shall decide to create new securities in respect of her
 
share, the distribution of the capital of the Ottoman Public Debt
 
share, the distribution of the capital of the Ottoman Public Debt
 
shall be made in the first instance as it affects Turkey by a
 
shall be made in the first instance as it affects Turkey by a
Committee consisting of the representative of the Turkish Government, the representative of the Council of the Ottoman
+
Committee consisting of the representative of the Turkish Government,
Public Debt and the representative of the debt other than the
+
the representative of the Council of the Ottoman Public Debt and the
Unified Debt and the Lots Turcs. The new securities shall be
+
representative of the debt other than the Unified Debt and the Lots
delivered to the Commission, which shall ensure their delivery
+
Turcs. The new securities shall be delivered to the Commission, which
to the bondholders upon such terms as will provide for the
+
shall ensure their delivery to the bondholders upon such terms as will
release of Turkey from liability and the rights of the bondholders
+
provide for the release of Turkey from liability and the rights of the
towards the other States which are liable for a share of the Ottoman Public Debt. The securities issued in respect of the share
+
bondholders towards the other States which are liable for a share of
 +
the Ottoman Public Debt. The securities issued in respect of the share
 
of each State in the Ottoman Public Debt shall be exempt in the
 
of each State in the Ottoman Public Debt shall be exempt in the
territory of the High Contracting Parties from all stamp duties
+
territory of the High Contracting Parties from all stamp duties or
or other taxes which would be involved by such issue.<p>
+
other taxes which would be involved by such issue.
 +
 
 +
The payment of the annuities for which each of the States concerned is
 +
liable shall not be postponed as a consequence of the provisions of
 +
the present Article in regard to the distribution of the nominal
 +
capital.
 +
 
  
    The payment of the annuities for which each of the States
+
ARTICLE 50.
concerned is liable shall not be postponed as a consequence of
 
the provisions of the present Article in regard to the distribution
 
of the nominal capital.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 50.<p>
+
The distribution of the annual charges referred to in Article 47 and
             
+
of the nominal capital of the Ottoman Public Debt mentioned in Article
    The distribution of the annual charges referred to in Article 47
+
49 shall be effected in the following manner:
and of the nominal capital of the Ottoman Public Debt mentioned
 
in Article 49 shall be effected in the following manner:<p>
 
  
(1) The loans prior to the 17th October, 1912, and the annuities of such loans shall be distributed between the                                                         Ottoman Empire as it existed after the Balkan wars of
+
(1) The loans prior to the 17th October, 1912, and the annuities of
                                                        1912-13, the Balkan States in favour of which territory
+
such loans shall be distributed between the Ottoman Empire as it
                                                        was detached from the Ottoman Empire after those
+
existed after the Balkan wars of 1912-13, the Balkan States in favour
                                                        wars, and the States to which the islands referred to in
+
of which territory was detached from the Ottoman Empire after those
                                                        Articles 12 and 15 of the present Treaty have been
+
wars, and the States to which the islands referred to in Articles 12
                                                        attributed; account shall be taken of the territorial
+
and 15 of the present Treaty have been attributed; account shall be
                                                        changes which have taken place after the coming into
+
taken of the territorial changes which have taken place after the
                                                        force of the treaties which ended those wars or subsequent treaties.<p>
+
coming into force of the treaties which ended those wars or subsequent
                                                       
+
treaties.
                                                    (2) The residue of the loans for which the Ottoman Empire
 
                                                        remained liable after this first distribution and the
 
                                                        residue of the annuities of such loans, together with the
 
                                                        loans contracted by that Empire between the 17th
 
                                                        October, 1912, and the 1st November, 1914, and the
 
                                                        annuities of such loans shall be distributed between
 
                                                        Turkey, the newly created States in Asia in favour of
 
                                                        which a territory has been detached from the Ottoman
 
                                                        Empire under the present Treaty, and the State to
 
                                                        which the territory referred to in the last paragraph of
 
                                                        Article 46 of the said Treaty has been attributed.<p>
 
                                                       
 
                                                        The distribution of the capital shall in the case of each loan be
 
                                                    based on the capital amount outstanding at the date of the coming
 
                                                    into force of the present Treaty.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                    ARTICLE 51 .<p>
 
                                                                   
 
                                                          The amount of the share in the annual charges of the Ottoman
 
                                                    Public Debt for which each State concerned is liable in conse-
 
                                                    quence of the distribution provided for by Article 50 shall be
 
                                                    determined as follows:<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                      (I) As regards the distribution provided for by Article 50 (1),
 
                                                     
 
                                                          in the first place the share of the islands referred to in
 
                                                          Articles 12 and 15 and of the territories detached from
 
                                                          the Ottoman Empire after the Balkan wars, taken
 
                                                          together, shall be fixed. The amount of this share shall
 
                                                          bear the same proportion to the total sum of the
 
                                                          annuities to be distributed in accordance with Article
 
                                                          50 (1) as the average total revenue of the above
 
                                                          mentioned islands and territories, taken as a whole, bore
 
                                                          to the average total revenue of the Ottoman Empire in
 
        the financial years 1910-1911 and 1911-1912, including
 
    the proceeds of the customs surtaxes established in 1907.<p>
 
   
 
          The amount thus determined shall then be distributed
 
    among the States to which the territories referred to in
 
    the preceding paragraph have been attributed, and the
 
    share for which each of these States will thus be made
 
    liable shall bear the same proportion to the total
 
    amount so distributed as the average total revenue of
 
    the territory attributed to each State bore in the
 
    financial years 1910-11 and 1911-12 to the average
 
    total revenue of the territories detached from the
 
    Ottoman Empire after the Balkan Wars and the islands
 
    referred to in Articles 12 and 15. In calculating the
 
    revenues referred to in this paragraph, customs revenues
 
    shall be excluded.<p>
 
   
 
(2) As regards the territories detached from the Ottoman
 
    Empire under the present Treaty (including the territory referred to in the last paragraph of Article 46),
 
    the amount of the share of each State concerned shall
 
    bear the same proportion to the total sum of the annuities to be distributed in accordance with Article 50
 
    (2) as the average total revenue of the detached territory
 
    (including the proceeds of the Customs surtax established in 1907) for the financial years 1910-11 and 1911-12 bore to the average total revenue of the Ottoman
 
    Empire, excluding the territories and islands referred
 
    to in paragraph (I) of this Article.<p>
 
   
 
              ARTICLE 52.<p>
 
             
 
    The advances referred to in Part B of the Table annexed to
 
the present Section shall be distributed between Turkey and the
 
other States referred to in Article 46 under the following conditions:<p>
 
  
(I) As regards the advances referred to in the Table which
+
(2) The residue of the loans for which the Ottoman Empire remained
    existed on the 17th October, 1912, the capital amount,
+
liable after this first distribution and the residue of the annuities
    if any, outstanding at the date of the coming into force
+
of such loans, together with the loans contracted by that Empire
    of the present Treaty, together with the interest from
+
between the 17th October, 1912, and the 1st November, 1914, and the
    the dates mentioned in the first paragraph of Article 53
+
annuities of such loans shall be distributed between Turkey, the newly
    and the repayments made since those dates, shall be
+
created States in Asia in favour of which a territory has been
    distributed in accordance with the provisions of Article
+
detached from the Ottoman Empire under the present Treaty, and the
    50 (I) and Article 51 (1).<p>
+
State to which the territory referred to in the last paragraph of
   
+
Article 46 of the said Treaty has been attributed.
                                                      (2) As regards the amounts for which the Ottoman Empire
 
                                                          remains liable after the first distribution and the
 
                                                          advances referred to in the Table which were contracted by the said Empire between the 17th October,
 
                                                          1912, and the 1st November, 1914, the capital amount,
 
                                                          if any, outstanding at the date of the coming into
 
                                                          force of the present Treaty, together with the interest
 
                                                          from the 1st March, 1920, and the repayments made
 
                                                          since that date, shall be distributed in accordance with
 
                                                          the provisions of Article 50 (2) and Article 51 (2).<p>
 
                                                         
 
                                                          The Council of the Ottoman Public Debt shall, within three
 
                                                    months from the coming into force of the present Treaty, determine the amount of the share in these advances for which each
 
                                                    of the States concerned is liable, and notify them of such amount.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          The sums for which States other than Turkey are liable shall
 
                                                    be paid by those States to the Council of the Debt and shall be
 
                                                    paid by the Council to the creditors, or credited to the Turkish
 
                                                    Government up to the amount paid by Turkey, by way of
 
                                                    interest or repayment, for the account of those States.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          The payments referred to in the preceding paragraph shall be
 
                                                    made by five equal annuities from the coming into force of the
 
                                                    present Treaty. Such portion of these payments as is payable to
 
                                                    the creditors of the Ottoman Empire shall bear interest at the
 
                                                    rates laid down in the contracts governing the advances; the
 
                                                    portion to be credited to the Turkish Government shall be paid
 
                                                    without interest.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                    ARTICLE 53.<p>
 
                                                                   
 
                                                          The annuities for the service of the loans of the Ottoman Public
 
                                                    Debt (as defined in Part A of the Table annexed to this Section)
 
                                                    due by the States in favour of which a territory has been detached
 
                                                    from the Ottoman Empire after the Balkan wars, shall be payable
 
                                                    as from the coming into force of the treaties by which the respective territories were transferred to those States. In the case of
 
                                                    the islands referred to in Article 12, the annuity shall be payable
 
                                                    as from the 1st/14th November, 1913, and, in the case of the
 
                                                    islands referred to in Article 15, as from the 17th October, 1912.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          The annuities due by the States newly created in territories in
 
                                                    Asia detached from the Ottoman Empire under the present
 
                                                    Treaty, and by the State to which the territory referred to in
 
the last paragraph of Article 46 has been attributed, shall be
 
payable as from the 1st March, 1920.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 54.<p>
+
The distribution of the capital shall in the case of each loan be
             
+
based on the capital amount outstanding at the date of the coming into
      The Treasury Bills of 1911, 1912 and 1913 included in Part A
+
force of the present Treaty.
of the Table annexed to this Section shall be repaid, with interest
 
at the agreed rate, within ten years from the dates fixed by the
 
contracts.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 55.<p>
 
           
 
      The States referred to in Article 46, including Turkey, shall
 
pay to the Ottoman Debt Council the amount of the annuities
 
required for the service of their share of the Ottoman Public
 
Debt (as defined in Part A of the Table annexed to this Section)
 
to the extent that such annuities have remained unpaid as from
 
the dates laid down by Article 53. This payment shall be made,
 
without interest, by means of twenty equal annuities from the
 
coming into force of the present Treaty.<p>
 
  
      The amount of the annuities paid to the Council of the Debt by
+
ARTICLE 51 .
the States other than Turkey shall, to the extent that they
 
represent payments made by Turkey for the account of those
 
States, be credited to Turkey on account of the arrears with which
 
she is debited.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 56.<p>
+
The amount of the share in the annual charges of the Ottoman Public
             
+
Debt for which each State concerned is liable in conse- quence of the
      The Council of the Administration of the Ottoman Public Debt
+
distribution provided for by Article 50 shall be determined as
shall no longer include delegates of the German, Austrian and
+
follows:
Hungarian bondholders.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 57.<p>
+
(I) As regards the distribution provided for by Article 50 (1), in the
             
+
first place the share of the islands referred to in Articles 12 and 15
      Limits of time fixed for the presentation of coupons of or claims
+
and of the territories detached from the Ottoman Empire after the
for interest upon the loans and advances of the Ottoman Public
+
Balkan wars, taken together, shall be fixed. The amount of this share
Debt and the Turkish Loans of 1855, 1891 and 1894 secured on the
+
shall bear the same proportion to the total sum of the annuities to be
Egyptian tribute, and the limits of time fixed for the presentation
+
distributed in accordance with Article 50 (1) as the average total
of securities of these loans drawn for repayment, shall, on the
+
revenue of the above mentioned islands and territories, taken as a
territory of the High Contracting Parties, be considered as
+
whole, bore to the average total revenue of the Ottoman Empire in the
having been suspended from the 29th October, 1914, until
+
financial years 1910-1911 and 1911-1912, including the proceeds of the
three months after the coming into force of the present Treaty.<p>
+
customs surtaxes established in 1907.
  
 +
The amount thus determined shall then be distributed among the States
 +
to which the territories referred to in the preceding paragraph have
 +
been attributed, and the share for which each of these States will
 +
thus be made liable shall bear the same proportion to the total amount
 +
so distributed as the average total revenue of the territory
 +
attributed to each State bore in the financial years 1910-11 and
 +
1911-12 to the average total revenue of the territories detached from
 +
the Ottoman Empire after the Balkan Wars and the islands referred to
 +
in Articles 12 and 15. In calculating the revenues referred to in this
 +
paragraph, customs revenues shall be excluded.
  
                                                            <center><b>ANNEX I TO SECTION I.</center>
+
(2) As regards the territories detached from the Ottoman Empire under
<center>              Table of the Ottoman Pre-War Public Debt (November 1, 1914).</center>
+
the present Treaty (including the territory referred to in the last
                                                  <center>                Part A</b>.</center>
+
paragraph of Article 46), the amount of the share of each State
<br>
+
concerned shall bear the same proportion to the total sum of the
............................................. Date of .....................................Date of Re-..........................<br>
+
annuities to be distributed in accordance with Article 50 (2) as the
Loan.......................................Contract ..........Interest...............demption..........Bank of Issue<br>
+
average total revenue of the detached territory (including the
.1.................................................2.....................3.......................... 4.......................5..........<br>
+
proceeds of the Customs surtax established in 1907) for the financial
......................................................................... %................................................................<br>
+
years 1910-11 and 1911-12 bore to the average total revenue of the
<hr>                                                       
+
Ottoman Empire, excluding the territories and islands referred to in
Unified Debt.............................1-14.9.1903--.......4...............................................................<br>
+
paragraph (I) of this Article.
.................................................8-21.6.1906........................................................................<p>
 
Lots turcs..................................5.1.1870.............................................................................<p>
 
  
Osmanie...................................18-30.4.1890........4......................1931.........Imperial Ottoman Bank <p>
 
  
Tombac priority........................26.4-8.5.1893.......4......................1954.........Imperial Ottoman Bank <p>
+
ARTICLE 52.
  
40,000,000fr<br>
+
The advances referred to in Part B of the Table annexed to the present
(Oriental Railways)...................I-13.3.1894...........4......................1957..........Deutsche Bank<br>
+
Section shall be distributed between Turkey and the other States
....................................................................................................................and its group,<br>
+
referred to in Article 46 under the following conditions:
....................................................................................................................Including International<br>
 
................................................................................................................... Bank and two French<br>
 
....................................................................................................................banks.<p>
 
                                                   
 
5%, 1896.................................29.2-12.3.1896........5....................1946...........Imperial Ottoman Bank<p>
 
  
Customs, 1902.........................17-29.5.1886-..........4....................1958..........Imperial Ottoman Bank<br>
+
(I) As regards the advances referred to in the Table which existed on
..............................................28.9-11.10.1902............................................................          <p>
+
the 17th October, 1912, the capital amount, if any, outstanding at the
 +
date of the coming into force of the present Treaty, together with the
 +
interest from the dates mentioned in the first paragraph of Article 53
 +
and the repayments made since those dates, shall be distributed in
 +
accordance with the provisions of Article 50 (I) and Article 51 (1).
  
4%, 1903  (Fisheries)................3.10.1888-21.2-.......4....................1958..........Deutsche Bank<br>
+
(2) As regards the amounts for which the Ottoman Empire remains liable
.................................................6.3.1903.<p>
+
after the first distribution and the advances referred to in the Table
 +
which were contracted by the said Empire between the 17th October,
 +
1912, and the 1st November, 1914, the capital amount, if any,
 +
outstanding at the date of the coming into force of the present
 +
Treaty, together with the interest from the 1st March, 1920, and the
 +
repayments made since that date, shall be distributed in accordance
 +
with the provisions of Article 50 (2) and Article 51 (2).
  
Bagdad, Series 1......................20.2-5.3.1903...........4.....................2001..........Deutsche Bank<p>
+
The Council of the Ottoman Public Debt shall, within three months from
 +
the coming into force of the present Treaty, determine the amount of
 +
the share in these advances for which each of the States concerned is
 +
liable, and notify them of such amount.
  
4%, 1904..................................4-17.9.1903.............4.....................1960..........Imperial Ottoman Bank<p>
+
The sums for which States other than Turkey are liable shall be paid
 +
by those States to the Council of the Debt and shall be paid by the
 +
Council to the creditors, or credited to the Turkish Government up to
 +
the amount paid by Turkey, by way of interest or repayment, for the
 +
account of those States.
  
4%, 1901-1905........................21.11-4.12.1901-.....4....................1961.........Imperial Ottoman Bank<br>
+
The payments referred to in the preceding paragraph shall be made by
..................................................6.11.1903-25.4-            <br>
+
five equal annuities from the coming into force of the present
..................................................8.5.1905<p>
+
Treaty. Such portion of these payments as is payable to the creditors
                                                                 
+
of the Ottoman Empire shall bear interest at the rates laid down in
Tedjhizat-Askerie.......................4-17.4.1905...........4.......................1961.........Deutsche Bank<p>
+
the contracts governing the advances; the portion to be credited to
 +
the Turkish Government shall be paid without interest.
  
Bagdad, Series II......................20.5-2.6.1908..........4.......................2006.........Deutsche Bank<p>
 
  
Bagdad, Series III.....................20.5-2.6.1908..........4.......................2010.........Deutsche Bank<p>
+
ARTICLE 53.
  
4%, 1908...................................6-19.9.1908............4.......................1965.........Imperial Ottoman Bank<p>
+
The annuities for the service of the loans of the Ottoman Public Debt
                                                     
+
(as defined in Part A of the Table annexed to this Section) due by the
4%, 1909..................................30.9-13.10.1909......4.......................1950.........Imperial Ottoman Bank<p>
+
States in favour of which a territory has been detached from the
 +
Ottoman Empire after the Balkan wars, shall be payable as from the
 +
coming into force of the treaties by which the respective territories
 +
were transferred to those States. In the case of the islands referred
 +
to in Article 12, the annuity shall be payable as from the 1st/14th
 +
November, 1913, and, in the case of the islands referred to in Article
 +
15, as from the 17th October, 1912.
  
Soma-Panderma........................20.11-3.12.1910.....4........................1992.........Imperial Ottoman Bank<p>
+
The annuities due by the States newly created in territories in Asia
 +
detached from the Ottoman Empire under the present Treaty, and by the
 +
State to which the territory referred to in the last paragraph of
 +
Article 46 has been attributed, shall be payable as from the 1st
 +
March, 1920.
  
Hodeida-Sanaa..........................24.2-9.3.1911.........4........................2006.........Banque francaise<p>
 
  
Customs 1911...........................27.10-9.11.1910.....4.........................1952.........Deutsche Bank<br>
+
ARTICLE 54.
.............................................................................................................................and its group<p>
 
  
Plain of Koniah............................5-18.1913.........................................1932...................<br>
+
The Treasury Bills of 1911, 1912 and 1913 included in Part A of the
irrigation<p>
+
Table annexed to this Section shall be repaid, with interest at the
 +
agreed rate, within ten years from the dates fixed by the contracts.
  
Docks, arsenals..........................19.11-2 12.1913.....5 1/2....................1943...................<br>
 
and naval constructions<p>
 
  
5%, 1914...................................13-26.4.1914..........5..........................(1962)......Imperial Ottoman Bank<p>
+
ARTICLE 55.
  
Avance R&eacute;gie.........................4.8.1913.........................................................................<br>
+
The States referred to in Article 46, including Turkey, shall pay to
des Tabacs <p>
+
the Ottoman Debt Council the amount of the annuities required for the
 +
service of their share of the Ottoman Public Debt (as defined in Part
 +
A of the Table annexed to this Section) to the extent that such
 +
annuities have remained unpaid as from the dates laid down by Article
 +
53. This payment shall be made, without interest, by means of twenty
 +
equal annuities from the coming into force of the present Treaty.
  
Treasury Bills,..............................13-7.1911.............5...........................1916*.........National Bank<br>
+
The amount of the annuities paid to the Council of the Debt by the
5% 1911 (purchase of warships)..............................................................................of  Turkey<br>
+
States other than Turkey shall, to the extent that they represent
 +
payments made by Turkey for the account of those States, be credited
 +
to Turkey on account of the arrears with which she is debited.
  
Treasury Bills, Imperial.................8.21.11.1912.........6...........................1915*........ Imperial <br> ...........................................................................................................................Ottoman Bank<p>
 
  
Treasury Bills,.............................19.1-1.2.1913........5............................1918*.......P&eacute;rier<br>
+
ARTICLE 56.
1913 (induding the bills issued directly) ..............................................................and Co.<p>
 
 
---------------------------------------------------<br>
 
*See Article 54.<p>
 
 
 
  
 +
The Council of the Administration of the Ottoman Public Debt shall no
 +
longer include delegates of the German, Austrian and Hungarian
 +
bondholders.
  
  
<center><b>         Part B.</center></b>
+
ARTICLE 57.
<p>                     
+
 
..........................................Date..........................................................................Original Nominal <br>
+
Limits of time fixed for the presentation of coupons of or claims for
Advance............................of Contract .............................Interest........................Capital &#163; T.<p>
+
interest upon the loans and advances of the Ottoman Public Debt and
<hr>
+
the Turkish Loans of 1855, 1891 and 1894 secured on the Egyptian
Bagdad Railway Company....3/16 June, 1908..........................7..................................300,000<br>
+
tribute, and the limits of time fixed for the presentation of
Lighthouse Administration......5/18 August, 1904....................8....................................55,000<br>
+
securities of these loans drawn for repayment, shall, on the territory
Lighthouse Administration......5/18 July, 1907.........................7..................................300,000<br>
+
of the High Contracting Parties, be considered as having been
Constanza Cable Company....27/9 October, 1904....................4.....................................17,335<br>
+
suspended from the 29th October, 1914, until three months after the
Tunnel Company..........................................................................................................3,000<br>
+
coming into force of the present Treaty.
Orphan's Fund........................Various dates...............................................................153,147<br>
+
 
Deutsche Bank......................13/26 August, 1912..................5.5..................................33,000<br>
+
 
Lighthouse Administration........3/16 April, 1913.......................7...................................500,000 <br>
+
<CENTER>
Anatolia Railway Company.....23/5 March, 1914......................6...................................200,000<br>
+
ANNEX I TO SECTION I.<br>
 +
Table of the Ottoman Pre-War Public Debt (November 1, 1914).<br>
 +
<b>Part A.</b><br>
 +
 
 +
 
 +
{| border="1" cellpadding="2"
 +
!width="50"|Loan
 +
!width="225"|Date of Contract
 +
!width="225"|Interest %
 +
!width="225"|Date of Redemption
 +
!width="225"|Bank of Issue
 +
|-
 +
|1 || 2 || 3 || 4 || 5 ||
 +
|-
 +
|Unified Debt || 1-14.9.1903--8-21.6.1906 || 4 || -- || -- ||
 +
|-
 +
|Osmanie || 18-30.4.1890 || 4 || 1931 ||Imperial Ottoman Bank ||
 +
|-
 +
|Tombac priority || 26.4-8.5.1893 || 4 || 1954 || Imperial Ottoman Bank ||
 +
|-
 +
|40,000,000fr (Oriental Railways) || I-13.3.1894 || 4 || 1957 || Deutsche Bank and its group, Including International Bank and two French banks. ||
 +
|-
 +
|5%, 1896|| 29.2-12.3.1896 ||  5 || 1946 || Imperial Ottoman Bank ||
 +
|-
 +
|Customs, 1902 || 17-29.5.1886-28.9-11.10.1902|| 4 || 1958 || Imperial Ottoman Bank ||
 +
|-
 +
|4%, 1903 (Fisheries) || 3.10.1888-21.2-6.3.1903. || 4 || 1958 || Deutsche Bank ||
 +
|-
 +
|Bagdad, Series 1 || 20.2-5.3.1903 || 4 || 2001 || Deutsche Bank ||
 +
|-
 +
|4%, 1904 || 4-17.9.1903 || 4 || 1960 || Imperial Ottoman Bank||
 +
|-
 +
|4%, 1901-1905 || 21.11-4.12.1901-6. 11.1903-25. 4-8.5.1905 || 4 || 1961 || Imperial Ottoman Bank||
 +
|-
 +
|Tedjhizat-Askerie || 4-17.4.1905 || 4 || 1961 || Deutsche Bank ||
 +
|-
 +
|Bagdad, Series II || 20.5-2.6.1908 || 4 || 2006 || Deutsche Bank ||
 +
|-
 +
|Bagdad, Series III || 20.5-2.6.1908 || 4 || 2010 || Deutsche Bank || 
 +
|-
 +
|4%, 1908 || 6-19.9.1908 || 4 || 1965 || Imperial Ottoman Bank ||
 +
|-
 +
|4%, 1909 || 30.9-13.10.1909 || 4 || 1950 || Imperial Ottoman Bank ||
 +
|-
 +
|Soma-Panderma || 20.11-3.12.1910 || 4 || 1992 || Imperial Ottoman Bank ||
 +
|-
 +
|Hodeida-Sanaa || 24.2-9.3.1911 || 4 || 2006 || Banque francaise ||
 +
|-
 +
|Customs 1911 || 27.10-9.11.1910 || 4 || 1952 || Deutsche Bank and its group ||
 +
|-
 +
|Plain of Koniah irrigation || 5-18.1913 || -- || 1932 || -- ||
 +
|-
 +
|Docks, arsenals and naval constructions || 19.11-2 12.1913 || 5 1/2 || 1943 || -- || 
 +
|-
 +
|5%, 1914 || 13-26.4.1914 || 5 || (1962) || Imperial Ottoman Bank ||
 +
|-
 +
|Avance Régie des Tabacs || 4.8.1913 || -- || -- || -- ||
 +
|-
 +
|Treasury Bills, 5% 1911 (purchase of warships) || 13-7.1911 || 5 || 1916<nowiki>*</nowiki> || National Bank of Turkey ||
 +
|-
 +
|Treasury Bills, Imperial || 8.21.11.1912 || 6 || 1915<nowiki>*</nowiki> || Imperial Ottoman Bank ||
 +
|-
 +
|Treasury Bills, 1913 (induding the bills issued directly) || 19.1-1.2.1913 || 5 || 1918<nowiki>*</nowiki> || Périer and Co. ||
 +
|}
 +
</CENTER>
 +
 
 +
 
 +
<nowiki>*</nowiki>See Article 54.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
<center> <b>Part B.</b>
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
{| border="1" cellpadding="2"
 +
!width="50"|Advance
 +
!width="225"|Date of Contract
 +
!width="225"|Interest %
 +
!width="225"|Original Nominal Capital £ T
 +
|-
 +
|Bagdad Railway Company || 3/16 June, 1908 || 7 || 300,000 ||
 +
|-
 +
|Lighthouse Administration || 5/18 August, 1904 || 8 || 55,000 ||
 +
|-
 +
|Lighthouse Administration || 5/18 July, 1907 || 7 || 300,000 ||
 +
|-
 +
|Constanza Cable Company || 27/9 October, 1904 || 4 || 17,335 ||
 +
|-
 +
|Tunnel Company || -- || -- || 3,000 ||
 +
|-
 +
|Orphan's Fund || Various dates || -- || 153,147 ||
 +
|-
 +
|Deutsche Bank || 13/26 August, 1912 || 5.5 || 33,000 ||
 +
|-
 +
|Lighthouse Administration || 3/16 April, 1913 || 7 || 500,000 ||
 +
|-
 +
|Anatolia Railway Company || 23/5 March, 1914 || 6 || 200,000 ||
 +
|}
 +
</center>
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
SECTION II.<br>
 +
MISCELLANEOUS CLAUSES.<br>
 +
ARTICLE 58.<br>
 +
 
 +
Turkey, on the one hand, and the other Contracting Powers (except
 +
Greece) on the other hand, reciprocally renounce all pecuniary claims
 +
for the loss and damage suffered respectively by Turkey and the said
 +
Powers and by their nationals (including juridical persons) between
 +
the 1st August, 1914, and the coming into force of the present Treaty,
 +
as the result of acts of war or measures of requisition,
 +
sequestration, disposal or confiscation.
 +
 
 +
Nevertheless, the above provisions are without prejudice to the
 +
provisions of Part III (Economic Clauses) of the present Treaty.
 +
 
 +
Turkey renounces in favour of the other Contracting Parties (except
 +
Greece) any right in the sums in gold transferred by Germany and
 +
Austria under Article 259 (I) of the Treaty of Peace of the 28th June,
 +
I9I9, with Germany, and under Article 210 (I) of the Treaty of Peace
 +
of the 10th September, 1919, with Austria.
 +
 
 +
The Council of the Administration of the Ottoman Public Debt is freed
 +
from all liability to make the payments which it was required to make
 +
by the Agreement of the 20th June, 1331 (3rd July, 1915) relating to
 +
the first issue of Turkish currency notes or by the words inscribed on
 +
the back of such notes.
 +
 
 +
Turkey also agrees not to claim from the British Government or its
 +
nationals the repayment of the sums paid for the warships ordered in
 +
England by the Ottoman Government which were requisitioned by the
 +
British Government in 1914, and renounces all claims in the matter.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 59.
 +
 
 +
Greece recognises her obligation to make reparation for the damage
 +
caused in Anatolia by the acts of the Greek army or administration
 +
which were contrary to the laws of war.
 +
 
 +
On the other hand, Turkey, in consideration of the financial situation
 +
of Greece resulting from the prolongation of the war and from its
 +
consequences, finally renounces all claims for reparation against the
 +
Greek Government.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 60.
 +
 
 +
The States in favour of which territory was or is detached from the
 +
Ottoman Empire after the Balkan wars or by the present Treaty shall
 +
acquire, without payment, all the property and possessions of the
 +
Ottoman Empire situated therein.
 +
 
 +
It is understood that the property and possessions of which the
 +
transfer from the Civil List to the State was laid down by the Irades
 +
of the 26th August, 1324 (8th September, I908) and the 20th April,
 +
1325 (2nd May, I909), and also those which, on the 30th October, 1918,
 +
were administered by the Civil List for the benefit of a public
 +
service, are included among the property and possessions referred to
 +
in the preceding paragraph, the aforesaid States being subrogated to
 +
the Ottoman Empire in regard to the property and possessions in
 +
question. The Wakfs created on such property shall be maintained.
 +
 
 +
The dispute which has arisen between the Greek and Turkish Governments
 +
relating to property and possessions which have passed from the Civil
 +
List to the State and are situated in territories of the former
 +
Ottoman Empire transferred to Greece either after the Balkan wars, or
 +
subsequently, shall be referred to an arbitral tribunal at The Hague,
 +
in accordance with the special protocol No. 2 annexed to the Treaty of
 +
Athens of the 1st-4th November, 1913. The terms of reference shall be
 +
settled between the two Governments.
 +
 
 +
The provisions of this Article will not modify the juridical nature of
 +
the property and possessions registered in the name of the Civil List
 +
or administered by it, which are not referred to in the second and
 +
third paragraphs above.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 61.
 +
 
 +
The recipients of Turkish civil and military pensions who acquire
 +
under the present Treaty the nationality of a State other than Turkey,
 +
shall have no claim against the Turkish Government in respect of their
 +
pensions.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 62.
 +
 
 +
Turkey recognises the transfer of any claims to payment or repayment
 +
which Germany, Austria, Bulgaria or Hungary may have against her, in
 +
accordance with Article 261 of the Treaty of Peace concluded at
 +
Versailles on the 28th June, 1919, with Germany, and the corresponding
 +
articles of the Treaties of Peace of the l0th September, 1919, with
 +
Austria; of the 27th November, 1919, with Bulgaria; and of the 4th
 +
June, 1920 with Hungary.
 +
 
 +
The other Contracting Powers agree to release Turkey from the debts
 +
for which she is liable on this account.
 +
 
 +
The claims which Turkey has against Germany, Austria, Bulgaria and
 +
Hungary, are also transferred to the aforesaid Contracting Powers.
  
<p>
 
  
                                                                  SECTION II.<br>
+
ARTICLE 63.
                                                              MISCELLANEOUS CLAUSES.<br>
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 58.<p>
 
                                                             
 
                                                          Turkey, on the one hand, and the other Contracting Powers
 
                                                    (except Greece) on the other hand, reciprocally renounce all
 
                                                    pecuniary claims for the loss and damage suffered respectively by
 
                                                    Turkey and the said Powers and by their nationals (including
 
                                                    juridical persons) between the 1st August, 1914, and the coming
 
                                                    into force of the present Treaty, as the result of acts of war or
 
                                                    measures of requisition, sequestration, disposal or confiscation.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          Nevertheless, the above provisions are without prejudice to the
 
                                                    provisions of Part III (Economic Clauses) of the present Treaty.<p>
 
                                                          Turkey renounces in favour of the other Contracting Parties
 
                                                    (except Greece) any right in the sums in gold transferred by
 
                                                    Germany and Austria under Article 259 (I) of the Treaty of Peace
 
                                                    of the 28th June, I9I9, with Germany, and under Article 210 (I)
 
                                                    of the Treaty of Peace of the 10th September, 1919, with Austria.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          The Council of the Administration of the Ottoman Public
 
                                                    Debt is freed from all liability to make the payments which it
 
                                                    was required to make by the Agreement of the 20th June, 1331
 
                                                    (3rd July, 1915) relating to the first issue of Turkish currency
 
                                                    notes or by the words inscribed on the back of such notes.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          Turkey also agrees not to claim from the British Government
 
                                                    or its nationals the repayment of the sums paid for the warships
 
                                                    ordered in England by the Ottoman Government which were
 
                                                    requisitioned by the British Government in 1914, and renounces
 
                                                    all claims in the matter.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                    ARTICLE 59.<p>
 
                                                                   
 
                                                          Greece recognises her obligation to make reparation for the
 
                                                    damage caused in Anatolia by the acts of the Greek army or
 
                                                    administration which were contrary to the laws of war.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          On the other hand, Turkey, in consideration of the financial
 
                                                    situation of Greece resulting from the prolongation of the war
 
                                                    and from its consequences, finally renounces all claims for reparation against the Greek Government.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                    ARTICLE 60.<p>
 
                                                                   
 
                                                          The States in favour of which territory was or is detached from
 
                                                      the Ottoman Empire after the Balkan wars or by the present
 
  Treaty shall acquire, without payment, all the property and
 
possessions of the Ottoman Empire situated therein.<p>
 
  
    It is understood that the property and possessions of which the
+
The Turkish Government, in agreement with the other Contracting
transfer from the Civil List to the State was laid down by the
+
Powers, hereby releases the German Government from the obligation
Irades of the 26th August, 1324 (8th September, I908) and the
+
incurred by it during the war to accept Turkish Government currency
20th April, 1325 (2nd May, I909), and also those which, on the
+
notes at a specified rate of exchange in payment for goods to be
30th October, 1918, were administered by the Civil List for the
+
exported to Turkey from Germany after the war.
benefit of a public service, are included among the property and
 
possessions referred to in the preceding paragraph, the aforesaid
 
States being subrogated to the Ottoman Empire in regard to the
 
property and possessions in question. The Wakfs created on such
 
property shall be maintained.<p>
 
  
      The dispute which has arisen between the Greek and Turkish
 
Governments relating to property and possessions which have
 
passed from the Civil List to the State and are situated in
 
territories of the former Ottoman Empire transferred to Greece
 
either after the Balkan wars, or subsequently, shall be referred
 
to an arbitral tribunal at The Hague, in accordance with the
 
special protocol No. 2 annexed to the Treaty of Athens of the
 
1st-4th November, 1913. The terms of reference shall be
 
settled between the two Governments.<p>
 
  
      The provisions of this Article will not modify the juridical
+
PART III.<br>
nature of the property and possessions registered in the name of
+
ECONOMIC CLAUSES.<br>
the Civil List or administered by it, which are not referred to in
+
ARTICLE 64.<br>
the second and third paragraphs above.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 61.<p>
+
In this part, the expression "Allied Powers" means the Contracting
             
+
Powers other than Turkey.
      The recipients of Turkish civil and military pensions who
 
acquire under the present Treaty the nationality of a State other
 
than Turkey, shall have no claim against the Turkish Government
 
in respect of their pensions.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 62.<p>
+
The term "Allied nationals" includes physical persons, companies and
             
+
associations of the Contracting Powers other than Turkey, or of a
      Turkey recognises the transfer of any claims to payment or
+
State or territory under the protection of one of the said Powers.
repayment which Germany, Austria, Bulgaria or Hungary may
 
have against her, in accordance with Article 261 of the Treaty of
 
Peace concluded at Versailles on the 28th June, 1919, with
 
Germany, and the corresponding articles of the Treaties of Peace
 
of the l0th September, 1919, with Austria; of the 27th November,
 
1919, with Bulgaria; and of the 4th June, 1920 with Hungary.<p>
 
  
                                                          The other Contracting Powers agree to release Turkey from the
+
The provisions of this Part relating to "Allied nationals" shall
                                                    debts for which she is liable on this account.<p>
+
benefit persons who without having the nationality of one of the
                                                   
+
Allied Powers, have, in consequence of the protection which they in
                                                          The claims which Turkey has against Germany, Austria,
+
fact enjoyed at the hands of these Powers, received from the Ottoman
                                                    Bulgaria and Hungary, are also transferred to the aforesaid
+
authorities the same treatment as Allied nationals and have, on this
                                                    Contracting Powers.<p>
+
account, been prejudiced.
                                                   
 
                                                                    ARTICLE 63.<p>
 
                                                                   
 
                                                          The Turkish Government, in agreement with the other
 
                                                    Contracting Powers, hereby releases the German Government
 
                                                    from the obligation incurred by it during the war to accept
 
                                                    Turkish Government currency notes at a specified rate of exchange in payment for goods to be exported to Turkey from
 
                                                    Germany after the war.<p>
 
              PART III.<br>
 
          ECONOMIC CLAUSES.<br>
 
         
 
              ARTICLE 64.<p>
 
             
 
    In this part, the expression "Allied Powers" means the Contracting Powers other than Turkey.<p>
 
  
    The term "Allied nationals" includes physical persons, companies and associations of the Contracting Powers other than
 
Turkey, or of a State or territory under the protection of one of
 
the said Powers.<p>
 
  
    The provisions of this Part relating to "Allied nationals"
+
SECTION I.<br>
shall benefit persons who without having the nationality of one
+
PROPERTY, RIGHTS AND INTERESTS.<br>
of the Allied Powers, have, in consequence of the protection which
+
ARTICLE 65.<br>
they in fact enjoyed at the hands of these Powers, received from
 
the Ottoman authorities the same treatment as Allied nationals
 
and have, on this account, been prejudiced.<p>
 
  
              SECTION I.<br>
+
Property, rights and interests which still exist and can be identified
    PROPERTY, RIGHTS AND INTERESTS.<br>
+
in territories remaining Turkish at the date of the coming into force
   
+
of the present Treaty, and which belong to persons who on the 29th
              ARTICLE 65.<p>
+
October, 1914, were Allied nationals, shall be immediately restored to
             
+
the owners in their existing state.
    Property, rights and interests which still exist and can be
 
identified in territories remaining Turkish at the date of the
 
coming into force of the present Treaty, and which belong to
 
persons who on the 29th October, 1914, were Allied nationals,
 
shall be immediately restored to the owners in their existing state.<p>
 
  
    Reciprocally, property, rights and interests which still exist
+
Reciprocally, property, rights and interests which still exist and can
and can be identified in territories subject to the sovereignty or
+
be identified in territories subject to the sovereignty or
 
protectorate of the Allied Powers on the 29th October, 1914, or in
 
protectorate of the Allied Powers on the 29th October, 1914, or in
territories detached from the Ottoman Empire after the Balkan
+
territories detached from the Ottoman Empire after the Balkan wars and
wars and subject to-day to the sovereignty of any such Power,
+
subject to-day to the sovereignty of any such Power, and which belong
and which belong to Turkish nationals, shall be immediately
+
to Turkish nationals, shall be immediately restored to the owners in
restored to the owners in their existing state. The same provision
+
their existing state. The same provision shall apply to property,
shall apply to property, rights and interests which belong to
+
rights and interests which belong to Turkish nationals in territories
Turkish nationals in territories detached from the Ottoman
+
detached from the Ottoman Empire under the present Treaty, and which
Empire under the present Treaty, and which may have been
+
may have been subjected to liquidation or any other exceptional
subjected to liquidation or any other exceptional measure
+
measure whatever on the part of the authorities of the Allied Powers.
whatever on the part of the authorities of the Allied Powers.<p>
 
  
                                                        All property, rights and interests situated in territory detached
+
All property, rights and interests situated in territory detached from
                                                    from the Ottoman Empire under the present Treaty, which, after
+
the Ottoman Empire under the present Treaty, which, after having been
                                                    having been subjected by the Ottoman Government to an exceptional war measure, are now in the hands of the Contracting Power
+
subjected by the Ottoman Government to an exceptional war measure, are
                                                    exercising authority over the said territory, and which can be
+
now in the hands of the Contracting Power exercising authority over
                                                    identified, shall be restored to their legitimate owners, in their
+
the said territory, and which can be identified, shall be restored to
                                                    existing state. The same provision shall apply to immovable
+
their legitimate owners, in their existing state. The same provision
                                                    property which may have been liquidated by the Contracting
+
shall apply to immovable property which may have been liquidated by
                                                    Power exercising authority over the said territory. All other
+
the Contracting Power exercising authority over the said
                                                    claims between individuals shall be submitted to the competent
+
territory. All other claims between individuals shall be submitted to
                                                    local courts.<p>
+
the competent local courts.
                                                   
 
                                                        All disputes relating to the identity or the restitution of property to which a claim is made shall be submitted to the Mixed
 
                                                    Arbitral Tribunal provided for in Section V of this Part.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                    ARTICLE 66.<p>
 
                                                                   
 
                                                        In order to give effect to the provisions of the first and second
 
                                                    paragraphs of Article 65 the High Contracting Parties will, by
 
                                                    the most rapid procedure, restore the owners to the possession of
 
                                                    their property, rights and interests free from any burdens or encumbrances with which such property, rights and interests may
 
                                                    have been charged without the consent of the said owners. It will
 
                                                    be the duty of the Government of the Power effecting the restitution to provide for the compensation of third parties who may
 
                                                    have acquired the property directly or indirectly from the said
 
                                                    Government and who may be injured by this restitution. Disputes which may arise in connection with such compensation shall
 
                                                    be dealt with by the ordinary courts.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                        In all other cases it will be open to any third parties who may
 
                                                    be injured to take action against whoever is responsible, in order
 
                                                    to obtain compensation.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                        In order to give effect to these provisions all acts of transfer or
 
                                                    other exceptional war measures, which the High Contracting
 
                                                    Parties may have carried out in respect of enemy property, rights
 
                                                    and interests, shall be immediately cancelled and stayed when
 
                                                    liquidation has not yet been completed. Owners who make claims
 
                                                    shall be satisfied by the immediate restitution of their property,
 
                                                    rights and interests as soon as these shall have been identified.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                        When at the date of the signature of the present Treaty the
 
                                                    property, rights and interests, the restitution of which is provided
 
                                                    for in Article 65. have been liquidated by the authorities of one of
 
the High Contracting Parties, that Party shall be discharged
 
from the obligation to restore the said property, rights and interests by payment of the proceeds of the liquidation to the owner.
 
If, on application being made by the owner, the Mixed Arbitral
 
Tribunal provided for by Section V finds that the liquidation was
 
not effected in such conditions as to ensure the realisation of a fair
 
price, it will have the power, in default of agreement between the
 
parties, to order the addition to the proceeds of the liquidation of
 
such amount as it shall consider equitable. The said property,
 
rights and interests shall be restored if the payment is not made
 
within two months from the agreement with the owner or from
 
the decision of the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal mentioned above.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 67.<p>
+
All disputes relating to the identity or the restitution of property
             
+
to which a claim is made shall be submitted to the Mixed Arbitral
    Greece, Roumania and the Serb-Croat-Slovene State on the one
+
Tribunal provided for in Section V of this Part.
hand, and Turkey on the other hand undertake mutually to
 
facilitate, both by appropriate administrative measures and by the
 
delivery of all documents relating thereto, the search on their
 
territory for, and the restitution of, movable property of every
 
kind taken away, seized or sequestrated by their armies or administrations in the territory of Turkey, or in the territory of
 
Greece, Roumania or the Serb-Croat-Slovene State respectively,
 
which are actually within the territories in question.<p>
 
  
    Such search and restitution will take place also as regards
 
property of the nature referred to above seized or sequestrated by
 
German, Austro-Hungarian or Bulgarian armies or administrations in the territory of Greece, Roumania or the Serb-Croat-Slovene State, which has been assigned to Turkey or to her nationals, as well as to property seized or sequestrated by the Greek,
 
Roumanian or Serbian armies in Turkish territory, which has been
 
assigned to Greece, Roumania or the Serb-Croat-Slovene State or
 
to their nationals.<p>
 
  
    Applications relating to such search and restitution must be
+
ARTICLE 66.
made within six months from the coming into force of the present
 
Treaty.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 68.<p>
+
In order to give effect to the provisions of the first and second
             
+
paragraphs of Article 65 the High Contracting Parties will, by the
  Debts arising out of contracts concluded, in districts in Turkey
+
most rapid procedure, restore the owners to the possession of their
 +
property, rights and interests free from any burdens or encumbrances
 +
with which such property, rights and interests may have been charged
 +
without the consent of the said owners. It will be the duty of the
 +
Government of the Power effecting the restitution to provide for the
 +
compensation of third parties who may have acquired the property
 +
directly or indirectly from the said Government and who may be injured
 +
by this restitution. Disputes which may arise in connection with such
 +
compensation shall be dealt with by the ordinary courts.
 +
 
 +
In all other cases it will be open to any third parties who may be
 +
injured to take action against whoever is responsible, in order to
 +
obtain compensation.
 +
 
 +
In order to give effect to these provisions all acts of transfer or
 +
other exceptional war measures, which the High Contracting Parties may
 +
have carried out in respect of enemy property, rights and interests,
 +
shall be immediately cancelled and stayed when liquidation has not yet
 +
been completed. Owners who make claims shall be satisfied by the
 +
immediate restitution of their property, rights and interests as soon
 +
as these shall have been identified.
 +
 
 +
When at the date of the signature of the present Treaty the property,
 +
rights and interests, the restitution of which is provided for in
 +
Article 65. have been liquidated by the authorities of one of the High
 +
Contracting Parties, that Party shall be discharged from the
 +
obligation to restore the said property, rights and interests by
 +
payment of the proceeds of the liquidation to the owner. If, on
 +
application being made by the owner, the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal
 +
provided for by Section V finds that the liquidation was not effected
 +
in such conditions as to ensure the realisation of a fair price, it
 +
will have the power, in default of agreement between the parties, to
 +
order the addition to the proceeds of the liquidation of such amount
 +
as it shall consider equitable. The said property, rights and
 +
interests shall be restored if the payment is not made within two
 +
months from the agreement with the owner or from the decision of the
 +
Mixed Arbitral Tribunal mentioned above.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 67.
 +
 
 +
Greece, Roumania and the Serb-Croat-Slovene State on the one hand, and
 +
Turkey on the other hand undertake mutually to facilitate, both by
 +
appropriate administrative measures and by the delivery of all
 +
documents relating thereto, the search on their territory for, and the
 +
restitution of, movable property of every kind taken away, seized or
 +
sequestrated by their armies or administrations in the territory of
 +
Turkey, or in the territory of Greece, Roumania or the
 +
Serb-Croat-Slovene State respectively, which are actually within the
 +
territories in question.
 +
 
 +
Such search and restitution will take place also as regards property
 +
of the nature referred to above seized or sequestrated by German,
 +
Austro-Hungarian or Bulgarian armies or administrations in the
 +
territory of Greece, Roumania or the Serb-Croat-Slovene State, which
 +
has been assigned to Turkey or to her nationals, as well as to
 +
property seized or sequestrated by the Greek, Roumanian or Serbian
 +
armies in Turkish territory, which has been assigned to Greece,
 +
Roumania or the Serb-Croat-Slovene State or to their nationals.
 +
 
 +
Applications relating to such search and restitution must be made
 +
within six months from the coming into force of the present Treaty.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 68.
 +
 
 +
Debts arising out of contracts concluded, in districts in Turkey
 
occupied by the Greek army, between the Greek authorities and
 
occupied by the Greek army, between the Greek authorities and
administrations on the one hand and Turkish nationals on the
+
administrations on the one hand and Turkish nationals on the other,
other, shall be paid by the Greek Government in accordance with
+
shall be paid by the Greek Government in accordance with the
the provisions of the said contracts.<p>
+
provisions of the said contracts.
                                                                  ARTICLE 69.<p>
+
 
                                                                 
+
 
                                                      No charge, tax or surtax to which, by virtue of the privileges
+
ARTICLE 69.
                                                    which they enjoyed on the 1st August, 1914, Allied nationals and
+
 
                                                    their property were not subject, shall be collected from Allied
+
No charge, tax or surtax to which, by virtue of the privileges which
                                                    subjects or their property in respect of the financial years earlier
+
they enjoyed on the 1st August, 1914, Allied nationals and their
                                                    than the financial year 1922-23.<p>
+
property were not subject, shall be collected from Allied subjects or
                                                   
+
their property in respect of the financial years earlier than the
                                                      If any sums have been collected after the 15th May, 1923, in
+
financial year 1922-23.
                                                    respect of financial years earlier than the financial year 1922-l923,
+
 
                                                    the amount shall be refunded to the persons concerned, as soon as
+
If any sums have been collected after the 15th May, 1923, in respect
                                                    the present Treaty comes into force.<p>
+
of financial years earlier than the financial year 1922-l923, the
                                                   
+
amount shall be refunded to the persons concerned, as soon as the
                                                      No claim for repayment shall be made as regards sums encashed
+
present Treaty comes into force.
                                                    before the 15th May, 1923.<p>
+
 
                                                   
+
No claim for repayment shall be made as regards sums encashed before
                                                                  ARTICLE 70.<p>
+
the 15th May, 1923.
                                                                 
 
                                                      Claims based on Articles 65, 66 and 69 must be lodged with the
 
                                                    competent authorities within six months, and, in default of agreement, with the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal within twelve months,
 
                                                    from the coming into force of the present Treaty.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 7I.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                      The British Empire, France, [taly, Roumania and the Serb-Croat-Slovene State or their nationals having begun claims or
 
                                                    suits with regard to their property, rights and interests against the
 
                                                    Ottoman Government before the 29th October, 1914, the provisions of this Section will not prejudice such claims or suits.<p>
 
                                                    Claims or suits begun against the British, French, Italian, Roumanian or Serb-Croat-Slovene Governments by the Ottoman
 
                                                    Government or its nationals will similarly not be prejudiced.
 
                                                    These claims or suits will be continued against the Turkish
 
                                                    Government and against the other Governments mentioned in
 
                                                    this Article under the conditions existing before the 29th October,
 
                                                    I9I4, due regard being had to the abolition of the Capitulations.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                    ARTICLE 72.<p>
 
                                                                   
 
                                                      In the territories which remain Turkish by virtue of the present
 
                                                    Treaty, property, rights and interests belonging to Germany,
 
                                                    Austria, Hungary and Bulgaria or to their nationals, which before
 
                                                    the coming into force of the present Treaty have been seized or
 
                                                    occupied by the Allied Governments, shall remain in the possession
 
                                                    of tlxese Governments until the conclusion of arrangements between them and the German, Austrian, Hungarian and Bulgarian
 
Governments or their nationals who are concerned. If the above-mentioned property, rights and interests have been liquidated,
 
such liquidation is confirmed.<p>
 
  
      In the territories detached from Turkey under the present
 
Treaty, the Governments exercising authority there shall have
 
power, within one year from the coming into force of the present
 
Treaty, to liquidate the property, rights and interests belonging
 
to Germany, Austria, Hungary and Bulgaria or to their nationals.<p>
 
  
      The proceeds of liquidations, whether they have already been
+
ARTICLE 70.
carried out or not, shall be paid to the Reparation Commission
 
established by the Treaty of Peace concluded with the States
 
concerned, if the property liquidated belongs to the German,
 
Austrian, Hungarian or Bulgarian State. In the case of liquidation of private property, the proceeds of liquidation shall be paid
 
to the owners direct.<p>
 
  
      The provisions of this Article do not apply to Ottoman limited
+
Claims based on Articles 65, 66 and 69 must be lodged with the
Companies.<p>
+
competent authorities within six months, and, in default of agreement,
 +
with the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal within twelve months, from the coming
 +
into force of the present Treaty.
  
      The Turkish Government shall be in no way responsible for the
 
measures referred to in the present Article.<p>
 
  
            SECTION II .<br>
+
ARTICLE 7I.
 +
 
 +
The British Empire, France, [taly, Roumania and the Serb-Croat-Slovene
 +
State or their nationals having begun claims or suits with regard to
 +
their property, rights and interests against the Ottoman Government
 +
before the 29th October, 1914, the provisions of this Section will not
 +
prejudice such claims or suits.
 +
 
 +
Claims or suits begun against the British, French, Italian, Roumanian
 +
or Serb-Croat-Slovene Governments by the Ottoman Government or its
 +
nationals will similarly not be prejudiced. These claims or suits will
 +
be continued against the Turkish Government and against the other
 +
Governments mentioned in this Article under the conditions existing
 +
before the 29th October, I9I4, due regard being had to the abolition
 +
of the Capitulations.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 72.
 +
 
 +
In the territories which remain Turkish by virtue of the present
 +
Treaty, property, rights and interests belonging to Germany, Austria,
 +
Hungary and Bulgaria or to their nationals, which before the coming
 +
into force of the present Treaty have been seized or occupied by the
 +
Allied Governments, shall remain in the possession of tlxese
 +
Governments until the conclusion of arrangements between them and the
 +
German, Austrian, Hungarian and Bulgarian Governments or their
 +
nationals who are concerned. If the above-mentioned property, rights
 +
and interests have been liquidated, such liquidation is confirmed.
 +
 
 +
In the territories detached from Turkey under the present Treaty, the
 +
Governments exercising authority there shall have power, within one
 +
year from the coming into force of the present Treaty, to liquidate
 +
the property, rights and interests belonging to Germany, Austria,
 +
Hungary and Bulgaria or to their nationals.
 +
 
 +
The proceeds of liquidations, whether they have already been carried
 +
out or not, shall be paid to the Reparation Commission established by
 +
the Treaty of Peace concluded with the States concerned, if the
 +
property liquidated belongs to the German, Austrian, Hungarian or
 +
Bulgarian State. In the case of liquidation of private property, the
 +
proceeds of liquidation shall be paid to the owners direct.
 +
 
 +
The provisions of this Article do not apply to Ottoman limited
 +
Companies.
 +
 
 +
The Turkish Government shall be in no way responsible for the measures
 +
referred to in the present Article.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
SECTION II .<br>
 
CONTRACTS, PRESCRIPTIONS AND JUDGMENTS.<br>
 
CONTRACTS, PRESCRIPTIONS AND JUDGMENTS.<br>
              ARTICLE 73.<p>
+
ARTICLE 73.<br>
 +
 
 +
The following classes of contracts concluded, before the date
 +
mentioned in Article 82, between persons who thereafter became enemies
 +
as defined in that Article, remain in force subject to the provisions
 +
of the contracts and to the stipulations of the present Treaty:
 +
 
 +
(a) Contracts for the sale of real property, even if all formalities
 +
may not have been concluded, provided that delivery did in fact take
 +
place before the date on which the parties became enemies as defined
 +
in Article 82.
 +
 
 +
(b) Leases and agreements for leases of land and houses entered into
 +
between individuals.
 +
 
 +
(c) Contracts between individuals regarding the exploitation of mines,
 +
forests or agricultural estates.
 +
 
 +
(d) Contracts of mortgage, pledge or lien.
 +
 
 +
(e) Contracts constituting companies, excepting "societes en 'nom
 +
collectif' " which do not constitute, under the law to which they are
 +
subject, an entity separate from that of the persons of which they are
 +
composed (partnerships).
 +
 
 +
(f) Contracts, whatever may be their purpose, concluded between
 +
individuals or companies and the State, provinces, municipalities or
 +
other similar juridical persons charged with administrative functions.
 +
 
 +
(g) Contracts relating to family status.
 +
 
 +
(h) Contracts relating to gifts or bounties of any kind whatever.
 +
 
 +
This Article cannot be invoked in order to give to contracts a
 +
validity different from that which they had in themselves when they
 +
were concluded.
 +
 
 +
It does not apply to concessionary contracts.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 74.
 +
 
 +
Insurance contracts are governed by the provisions of the Annex to
 +
this Section.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 75.
 +
 
 +
Contracts other than those specified in Articles 73 and 74 and other
 +
than concessionary contracts, which were entered into between persons
 +
who subsequently became enemies, shall be considered as having been
 +
annulled as from the date on which the parties became enemies.
 +
 
 +
Nevertheless, either of the parties to the contract shall have power,
 +
within three months from the coming into force of the present Treaty,
 +
to require the execution of the contract, on condition of paying,
 +
where the circumstances demand it, to the other party compensation
 +
calculated according to the difference between the conditions
 +
prevailing at the time when the contract was concluded and those
 +
prevailing at the time when its maintenance is required. In default of
 +
agreement between the parties, this compensation shall be fixed by the
 +
Mixed Arbitral Tribunal.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 76.
 +
 
 +
The validity of all compromises entered into before the coming into
 +
force of the present Treatybetween nationals of the Contracting
 +
Powers, parties to contracts specified in Articles 73 to 75,
 +
particularly those providing for the cancellation, the maintenance,
 +
the methods of execution, or the modification of such contracts,
 +
including agreements relating to the currency of payment or the rate
 +
of exchange, is confirmed.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 77.
  
      The following classes of contracts concluded, before the date
+
Contracts between Allied and Turkish nationals concluded after the
mentioned in Article 82, between persons who thereafter became
+
30th October, I918, remain in force and will be governed by the
enemies as defined in that Article, remain in force subject to the
+
ordinary law.
provisions of the contracts and to the stipulations of the present
 
Treaty:<p>
 
  
(a) Contracts for the sale of real property, even if all formalities may not have been concluded, provided that delivery did in fact take place before the date on which the
+
Contracts duly concluded with the Constantinople Government between
    parties became enemies as defined in Article 82.<p>
+
the 30th October, I9I8, and the I6th March, I920, also remain in force
   
+
and will be governed by the ordinary law.
(b) Leases and agreements for leases of land and houses
 
    entered into between individuals.<p>
 
   
 
(c) Contracts between individuals regarding the exploitation
 
    of mines, forests or agricultural estates.<p>
 
   
 
(d) Contracts of mortgage, pledge or lien.<p>
 
 
(e) Contracts constituting companies, excepting "societes en 'nom collectif' " which do not constitute, under the law to which they are subject, an entity separate from that of
 
                                                        the persons of which they are composed (partnerships).<p>
 
                                                       
 
                                                    (f) Contracts, whatever may be their purpose, concluded
 
                                                        between individuals or companies and the State,
 
                                                        provinces, municipalities or other similar juridical
 
                                                        persons charged with administrative functions.<p>
 
                                                       
 
                                                    (g) Contracts relating to family status.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                    (h) Contracts relating to gifts or bounties of any kind whatever.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                        This Article cannot be invoked in order to give to contracts a
 
                                                  validity different from that which they had in themselves when
 
                                                  they were concluded.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                    It does not apply to concessionary contracts.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 74.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                        Insurance contracts are governed by the provisions of the
 
                                                  Annex to this Section.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 75.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                        Contracts other than those specified in Articles 73 and 74 and
 
                                                  other than concessionary contracts, which were entered into
 
                                                  between persons who subsequently became enemies, shall be
 
                                                  considered as having been annulled as from the date on which
 
                                                  the parties became enemies.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                        Nevertheless, either of the parties to the contract shall have
 
                                                  power, within three months from the coming into force of the
 
                                                  present Treaty, to require the execution of the contract, on condition of paying, where the circumstances demand it, to the other
 
                                                  party compensation calculated according to the difference between the conditions prevailing at the time when the contract was
 
                                                  concluded and those prevailing at the time when its maintenance
 
                                                  is required. In default of agreement between the parties, this
 
                                                  compensation shall be fixed by the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 76.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                        The validity of all compromises entered into before the coming
 
                                                    into force of the present Treatybetween nationals of the Contracting Powers, parties to contracts specified in Articles 73 to 75,
 
                                                    particularly those providing for the cancellation, the maintenance,
 
                                                    the methods of execution, or the modification of such contracts,
 
                                                    including agreements relating to the currency of payment or the
 
                                                    rate of exchange, is confirmed.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                ARTICLE 77.<p>
 
             
 
      Contracts between Allied and Turkish nationals concluded
 
after the 30th October, I918, remain in force and will be governed
 
by the ordinary law.<p>
 
  
      Contracts duly concluded with the Constantinople Government between the 30th October, I9I8, and the I6th March, I920, also remain in force and will be governed by the ordinary law.<p>
+
All contracts and arrangements duly concluded after the 16th March,
 +
I920, with the Constantinople Government concerning territories which
 +
remained under the effective control of the said Government, shall be
 +
submitted to the Grand National Assembly of Turkey for approval, if
 +
the parties concerned make application within three months from the
 +
coming into force of the present Treaty. Payments made under such
 +
contracts shall be duly credited to the party who has made them.
  
      All contracts and arrangements duly concluded after the 16th
+
If approval is not granted, the party concerned shall, if the
March, I920, with the Constantinople Government concerning
+
circumstances demand it, be entitled to compensation corresponding to
territories which remained under the effective control of the said
+
the direct loss which has been actually suffered; such compensation,
Government, shall be submitted to the Grand National Assembly
+
in default of an amicable agreement, shall be fixed by the Mixed
of Turkey for approval, if the parties concerned make application
+
Arbitral Tribunal.
within three months from the coming into force of the present
 
Treaty. Payments made under such contracts shall be duly
 
credited to the party who has made them.<p>
 
  
      If approval is not granted, the party concerned shall, if the
+
The provisions of this Article are not applicable either to
circumstances demand it, be entitled to compensation corresponding to the direct loss which has been actually suffered; such compensation, in default of an amicable agreement, shall be fixed by
+
concessionary contracts or to transfers of concessions.
the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal.<p>
 
  
      The provisions of this Article are not applicable either to
 
concessionary contracts or to transfers of concessions.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 78.<p>
+
ARTICLE 78.
             
 
      All disputes which already exist, or may arise within the period
 
of six months mentioned below, relating to contracts, other than
 
concessionary contracts, between parties who subsequently became enemies, shall be determined by the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal, with the exception of disputes which, in accordance with
 
the laws of neutral Powers are within the competence of the national courts of those Powers. In the latter case, such disputes
 
shall be determined by the said national courts, to the exclusion
 
of the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal. Applications relating to disputes which, under this Article, are within the competence of the
 
Mixed Arbitral Tribunal, must be presented to the said Tribunal
 
within a period of six months from the date of its establishment.<p>
 
  
      After the expiration of this period, disputes which have not
+
All disputes which already exist, or may arise within the period of
been submitted to the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal shall be determined by the competent courts in accordance with the ordinary law.<p>
+
six months mentioned below, relating to contracts, other than
 +
concessionary contracts, between parties who subsequently became
 +
enemies, shall be determined by the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal, with the
 +
exception of disputes which, in accordance with the laws of neutral
 +
Powers are within the competence of the national courts of those
 +
Powers. In the latter case, such disputes shall be determined by the
 +
said national courts, to the exclusion of the Mixed Arbitral
 +
Tribunal. Applications relating to disputes which, under this Article,
 +
are within the competence of the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal, must be
 +
presented to the said Tribunal within a period of six months from the
 +
date of its establishment.
  
The provisions of this Article do not apply to cases in which
+
After the expiration of this period, disputes which have not been
                                                  all the parties to the contract resided in the same country during
+
submitted to the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal shall be determined by the
                                                  the war and there freely disposed of their persons and their
+
competent courts in accordance with the ordinary law.
                                                  property, nor to disputes in respect of which judgment was given
 
                                                  by a competent court before the date on which the parties became
 
                                                  enemies.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 79.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                          All periods whatever of prescription or limitation of right of
 
                                                    action, whether they began to run before or after the outbreak of
 
                                                    war, shall be treated, in the territory of the High Contracting
 
                                                    Parties so far as regards relations between enemies, as having been
 
                                                    suspended from the 29th October, I9I4, until the expiration of
 
                                                    three months after the coming into force of the present Treaty.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          This provision applies, in particular, to periods of time allowed
 
                                                    for the presentation of interest or dividend coupons, or for the
 
                                                    presentation for payment of securities drawn for redemption or
 
                                                    repayable on any other ground.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          As regards Roumania, the above-mentioned periods shall be
 
                                                    considered as having been suspended as from the 27th August
 
                                                    19I6.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 80.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                          As between enemies no negotiable instrument made before the
 
                                                    war shall be deemed to have become invalid by reason only of
 
                                                    failure within the required time to present the instrument for
 
                                                    acceptance or payrnent, or to give notice of non-acceptance or
 
                                                    non-payment to drawers or endorsers, or to protest the instrument, nor by reason of failure to complete any formality during
 
                                                    the war.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          When the period within which a negotiable instrument should
 
                                                    have been presented for acceptance or payment, or within which
 
                                                    notice of non-acceptance or non-payment should have been given
 
                                                    to the drawers or endorsers, or within which the instrument should
 
                                                    have been protested, has expired during the war, and when the
 
                                                    party who should have presented or protested the instrument or
 
                                                    given notice of non-acceptance or non-payment, has failed to do so
 
                                                    during the war, a period of three months from the coming into
 
                                                    force of the present Treaty shall be allowed within which the
 
                                                    presentation, notice of non-acceptance or non-payment, or protest may be made.<p>
 
                ARTICLE 8I.<p>
 
               
 
          Sales effected during the war in order to realise pledges or mortgages created before the war as security for debts which have become payable, shall be deemed valid, although it may not have
 
been possible to perform all the formalities required for notifying
 
the debtor, subject to the express right of the said debtor to
 
summon the creditor before the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal to
 
render accounts, failing which the creditor will be liable to be cast
 
in damages.<p>
 
  
          It shall be the duty of the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal to settle the
+
The provisions of this Article do not apply to cases in which all the
 +
parties to the contract resided in the same country during the war and
 +
there freely disposed of their persons and their property, nor to
 +
disputes in respect of which judgment was given by a competent court
 +
before the date on which the parties became enemies.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 79.
 +
 
 +
All periods whatever of prescription or limitation of right of action,
 +
whether they began to run before or after the outbreak of war, shall
 +
be treated, in the territory of the High Contracting Parties so far as
 +
regards relations between enemies, as having been suspended from the
 +
29th October, I9I4, until the expiration of three months after the
 +
coming into force of the present Treaty.
 +
 
 +
This provision applies, in particular, to periods of time allowed for
 +
the presentation of interest or dividend coupons, or for the
 +
presentation for payment of securities drawn for redemption or
 +
repayable on any other ground.
 +
 
 +
As regards Roumania, the above-mentioned periods shall be considered
 +
as having been suspended as from the 27th August 19I6.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 80.
 +
 
 +
As between enemies no negotiable instrument made before the war shall
 +
be deemed to have become invalid by reason only of failure within the
 +
required time to present the instrument for acceptance or payrnent, or
 +
to give notice of non-acceptance or non-payment to drawers or
 +
endorsers, or to protest the instrument, nor by reason of failure to
 +
complete any formality during the war.
 +
 
 +
When the period within which a negotiable instrument should have been
 +
presented for acceptance or payment, or within which notice of
 +
non-acceptance or non-payment should have been given to the drawers or
 +
endorsers, or within which the instrument should have been protested,
 +
has expired during the war, and when the party who should have
 +
presented or protested the instrument or given notice of
 +
non-acceptance or non-payment, has failed to do so during the war, a
 +
period of three months from the coming into force of the present
 +
Treaty shall be allowed within which the presentation, notice of
 +
non-acceptance or non-payment, or protest may be made.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 8I.
 +
 
 +
Sales effected during the war in order to realise pledges or mortgages
 +
created before the war as security for debts which have become
 +
payable, shall be deemed valid, although it may not have been possible
 +
to perform all the formalities required for notifying the debtor,
 +
subject to the express right of the said debtor to summon the creditor
 +
before the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal to render accounts, failing which
 +
the creditor will be liable to be cast in damages.
 +
 
 +
It shall be the duty of the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal to settle the
 
accounts between the parties, to investigate the conditions under
 
accounts between the parties, to investigate the conditions under
which the property pledged or mortgaged was sold, and to order
+
which the property pledged or mortgaged was sold, and to order the
the creditor to make good any loss suffered by the debtor as a
+
creditor to make good any loss suffered by the debtor as a result of
result of the sale if the creditor acted in bad faith or if he did not
+
the sale if the creditor acted in bad faith or if he did not take all
take all steps in his power to avoid having recourse to a sale or to
+
steps in his power to avoid having recourse to a sale or to cause the
cause the sale to be conducted in such conditions as to ensure the
+
sale to be conducted in such conditions as to ensure the realisation
realisation of a fair price.<p>
+
of a fair price.
 +
 
 +
The present provision is applicable only between enemies and does not
 +
extend to transactions referred to above which may have been carried
 +
out after the Ist May, 1923.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 82.
 +
 
 +
For the purposes of the present Section, the parties to a contract
 +
shall be regarded as enemies from the date on which trading between
 +
them became impossible in fact or was prohibited or became unlawful
 +
under laws, orders or regulations to which one of the parties was
 +
subject.
 +
 
 +
By way of exception to Articles 73-75, 79 and 80, contracts shall be
 +
governed by the ordinary law if they were concluded within the
 +
territory of one of the High Contracting Parties between enemies
 +
(including companies) or their agents, if this territory was an enemy
 +
country for one of the contracting parties who remained there during
 +
the war and was there able to dispose freely of his person and
 +
property.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 83.
 +
 
 +
The provisions of this Section do not apply between Japan and Turkey;
 +
matters dealt with in this Section shall, in both of these countries,
 +
be determined in accordance with the local law.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ANNEX.<br>
 +
I. LIFE ASSURANCE.<br>
 +
Paragraph I.<br>
 +
 
 +
Life assurance contracts entered into between an insurer and a person
 +
who subsequently became an enemy shall not be deemed to have been
 +
dissolved by the outbreak of war or by the fact of the person becoming
 +
an enemy.
 +
 
 +
Every sum which, during the war, became due upon a contract deemed not
 +
to have been dissolved in accordance with the preceding paragraph,
 +
shall be recoverable after the war. This sum shall be increased by
 +
interest at 5 per cent. per annum from the date of its becoming due up
 +
to the day of payment.
 +
 
 +
If the contract has lapsed during the war, owing to non-payment of
 +
premiums or has become void from breach of the conditions of the
 +
contract, the assured, or his representatives, or the persons
 +
entitled, shall have the right at any moment within twelve months from
 +
the coming into force of the present Treaty to claim from the insurer
 +
the surrender value of the policy at the date of its lapse or
 +
annulation, together with interest at 5 per cent. per annum.
 +
 
 +
Turkish nationals whose life insurance contracts entered into before
 +
the 29th October, 1914, have been cancelled or reduced before the
 +
Treaty for non-payment of premiums in accordance with the provisions
 +
of the said contracts, shall have the right, within three months from
 +
the coming into force of the present Treaty, if they are still alive,
 +
to restore their policies for the whole of the amount assured. For
 +
this purpose they must, after having undergone a medical examination
 +
by the doctor of the company, the result of which the company
 +
considers satisfactory, pay the premiums in arrear with compound
 +
interest at 5 per cent.
 +
 
 +
Paragraph 2.
 +
 
 +
It is understood that life assurance contracts in money other than the
 +
Turkish pound, entered into before the 29th October, 19I4, between
 +
companies possessing the nationality of an Allied Power and Turkish
 +
nationals, in respect of which the premiums have been paid before and
 +
after the 18th November, 1915, or even only before that date, shall be
 +
regulated, first, by determining the rights of the assured in
 +
accordance with the general conditions of the policy for the period
 +
before the 18th November, 1915, in the currency stipulated in the
 +
contract at the current rate in its country of origin (for example,
 +
every amount stipulated in francs, in gold francs, or in "francs
 +
effectifs" will be paid in French francs), secondly, for the period
 +
after the 18th November, 19I5, in Turkish pounds paper-the Turkish
 +
pound being taken at the pre-war par value.
 +
 
 +
If Turkish nationals whose contracts were entered into in currency
 +
other than Turkish currency show that they have continued to pay their
 +
premiums since the 18th November, 1915, in the currency stipulated in
 +
the contracts, the said contracts shall be settled in the same
 +
currency at the current rate in its country of origin, even for the
 +
periocl after the 18th November, 19I5.
 +
 
 +
Turkish nationals whose contracts, entered into before the 29th
 +
October, 1914, in currency other than Turkish currency with companies
 +
possessing the nationality of an Allied Power are, owing to payment of
 +
premiums, still in force, shall have the right within three months
 +
after the coming into force of the present Treaty to restore their
 +
policies for the full amount, in the currency stipulated in their
 +
contract, at the current rate in its country of origin. For this
 +
purpose they must pay in this currency the premiums which have become
 +
due since the 18th November, 1915. On the other hand, the premiums
 +
actually paid by them in Turkish pounds paper since that date will be
 +
repaid to them in the same currency.
 +
 
 +
Paragraph 3.
 +
 
 +
As regards insurances in Turkish pounds, settlement shall be made in
 +
Turkish pounds paper.
 +
 
 +
Paragraph 4.
 +
 
 +
The provisions of paragraphs 2 and 3 do not apply to policy holders
 +
who, by an express agreement, have already settled with the insurance
 +
companies the fixation of the value of their policies and the method
 +
of payment of their premiums, nor to those whose policies shall have
 +
been finally settled at the date of the coming into force of the
 +
present Treaty.
 +
 
 +
Paragraph 5.
 +
 
 +
For the purposes of the preceding paragraphs, insurance contracts
 +
shall be considered as contracts of life insurance when they depend on
 +
the probabilities of human life, combined with the rate of interest,
 +
for the calculation of the reciprocal engagement between the two
 +
parties.
 +
 
 +
II. MARINE INSURANCE.
 +
 
 +
Paragraph 6.
 +
 
 +
Subject to the provisions therein contained, contracts of marine
 +
insurance will not be deemed to have been dissolved where the risk had
 +
attached before the parties became enemies, but the policy shall not
 +
be deemed to cover losses due to belligerent action by the Power of
 +
which the insurer was a national or by the allies of that Power.
 +
 
 +
III. FIRE AND OTHER INSURANCES.
 +
 
 +
Paragraph 7.
 +
 
 +
Subject to the reserve contained in the preceding paragraph, fire
 +
insurance contracts and all other forms of insurance contracts are not
 +
deemed to be dissolved.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
SECTION III.<br>
 +
DEBTS.<br>
 +
ARTICLE 84.<br>
 +
 
 +
The High Contracting Parties are in agreement in recognising that
 +
debts which were payable before the war or which became payable during
 +
the war under contracts entered into before the war, and which
 +
remained unpaid owing to the war, must be settled and paid, in
 +
accordance with the provisions of the contracts, in the currency
 +
agreed upon, at the rate current in its country of origin.
 +
 
 +
Without prejudice to the provisions of the Annex to Section II of this
 +
part, it is agreed that where payments to be made under a pre-war
 +
contract are represented by sums collected during the war in whole or
 +
in part in a currency other than that mentioned in the said contract,
 +
such payments can be made by handing over the sums actually collected,
 +
in the currency in which they were collected. This provision shall not
 +
affect settlements inconsistent with the foregoing provisions arrived
 +
at by voluntary agreement between the parties before the coming into
 +
force of the present Treaty.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 85.
 +
 
 +
The Ottoman Public Debt is by general agreement left outside the scope
 +
of.this Section and of the other Sections of this Part (Economic
 +
Clauses).
 +
 
 +
 
 +
SECTION IV.<br>
 +
INDUSTRIAL, LITERARY AND ARTISTIC PROPERTY.<br>
 +
ARTICLE 86.<br>
 +
 
 +
Subject to the stipulations of the present Treaty, rights of
 +
industrial, literary and artistic property as they existed on the 1st
 +
August, I9I4, in accordance with the law of each of the contracting
 +
countries, shall be re-established or restored as from the coming into
 +
force of the present Treaty in the territories of the High Contracting
 +
Parties in favour of the persons entitled to the benefit of them at
 +
the moment when the state of war commenced, or of their legal
 +
representatives. Equally, rights which, but for the war, could have
 +
been acquired during the war, by means of an application legally made
 +
for the protection of industrial property or of the publication of a
 +
literary or artistic work, shall be recognised and established in
 +
favour of those persons who would have been entitled thereto, from the
 +
coming into force of the present Treaty.
 +
 
 +
Without prejudice to the rights which are required to be restored in
 +
accordance with the above provision, all acts (including the grant of
 +
licences) done by virtue of the special measures taken during the war
 +
by a legislative, executive or administrative authority of an Allied
 +
Power in regard to the rights of Turkish nationals in respect of
 +
industrial, literary or artistic property, shall remain in force and
 +
continue to have their full effect. This provision applies mutatis
 +
mutandis to corresponding measures taken by Turkish authorities in
 +
regard to the rights of the nationals of any Allied Power.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 87.
 +
 
 +
A minimum of one year from the coming into force of the present Treaty
 +
shall be granted, without surtax or penalty of any kind, to Turkish
 +
nationals in the territory of each of the other Contracting Powers,
 +
and to the nationals of these Powers in Turkey, within which they may
 +
accomplish any act, fulfil any formality, pay any fees, and generally
 +
satisfy any obligation prescribed by the laws and regulations of the
 +
respective States for preserving or obtaining or opposing the grant of
 +
rights to industriai property which had already been acquired on the
 +
1st August, I9I4, or which, but for the war, might have been acquired
 +
since that date by means of an application made before or during the
 +
war.
 +
 
 +
Rights to industrial property which have lapsed by reason of any
 +
failure to accomplish any act, fulfil any formality, or pay any fees
 +
shall be revived, but subject, in the case of patents and designs, to
 +
the adoption of such measures as each Power may deem reasonably
 +
necessary for the protection of the rights of third parties who have
 +
exploited or made use of patents or designs since they had lapsed.
 +
 
 +
The period from the Ist August, I9I4, until the coming into force of
 +
the present Treaty shall be excluded in calculating the time within
 +
which a patent has to be exploited or a trade-mark or design used, and
 +
it is further agreed that no patent, trade-mark or design in force on
 +
the Ist August, I9I4, shall be subject to revocation or cancellation
 +
by reason only of the failure to exploit such patent or use such
 +
trade-mark or design, for two years after the coming into force of the
 +
present Treaty.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 88.
 +
 
 +
No action shall be brought and no claim made on the one hand by
 +
Turkish nationals or persons residing or carrying on business in
 +
Turkey, and on the other hand by nationals of the Allied Powers or
 +
persons residing or carrying on their business in the territory of
 +
these Powers, nor by third parties having derived title during the war
 +
from such persons, by reason of any occurrence which has taken place
 +
within the territory of the other party, between the date of the
 +
beginning of a state of war and that of the coming into force of the
 +
present Treaty, which might tve held to constitute an infringement of
 +
rights of industrial property or rights of literary or artistic
 +
property either existing at any time during the war, or revived under
 +
the provisions of Article 86.
 +
 
 +
Among the occurrences referred to above are included the use by the
 +
Governments of the High Contracting Parties, or by any person acting
 +
on their behalf, or with their consent, of rights of industrial,
 +
literary or artistic property, as well as the sale, the offering for
 +
sale or the use of products, apparatus, or any articles whatsoever to
 +
which these rights apply.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 89.
 +
 
 +
Licences for the use of industrial property, or for the reproduction
 +
of literary or artistic works, granted before the war by or to
 +
nationals of the Allied Powers or persons residing in their
 +
territories or carrying on business therein, on the one hand, to or by
 +
Turkish nationals on the other hand, shall be considered as cancelled
 +
as from the date of the beginning of a state of war between Turkey and
 +
the Allied Power concerned. But in any case, the former beneficiary of
 +
a licence of this kind shall have the right within a period of six
 +
months from the coming into force of the present Treaty to require
 +
from the proprietor of the rights the grant of a new licence, the
 +
conditions of which, in default of agreement between the parties,
 +
shall be fixed by the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal referred to in Section V
 +
of this Part. The Tribunal shall have the power, where the
 +
circumstances demand it, to fix at the same time the amount which it
 +
considers fair payment for the use of the property during the war.
  
          The present provision is applicable only between enemies and
 
does not extend to transactions referred to above which may
 
have been carried out after the Ist May, 1923.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 82.<p>
+
ARTICLE 90
             
 
        For the purposes of the present Section, the parties to a contract
 
shall be regarded as enemies from the date on which trading
 
between them became impossible in fact or was prohibited or
 
became unlawful under laws, orders or regulations to which
 
one of the parties was subject.<p>
 
  
          By way of exception to Articles 73-75, 79 and 80, contracts
+
The inhabitants of territories detached from Turkey under the present
shall be governed by the ordinary law if they were concluded
+
Treaty shall, notwithstanding this transfer and the change of
within the territory of one of the High Contracting Parties
+
nationality consequent thereon, continue in complete enjoyment in
between enemies (including companies) or their agents, if this
+
Turkey of all the rights in industrial, literary and artistic property
territory was an enemy country for one of the contracting parties
+
to which they were entitled under Ottoman law at the time of transfer.
who remained there during the war and was there able to dispose
 
freely of his person and property.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 83.<p>
+
Rights of industrial, literary and artistic property which are in
             
+
existence in territories detached from Turkey under the present Treaty
          The provisions of this Section do not apply between Japan and
+
at the time of separation, or which are re-established or restored by
Turkey; matters dealt with in this Section shall, in both of these
+
the provisions of Article 86, shall be recognised by the State to
countries, be determined in accordance with the local law.<p>
+
which the said territory is transferred, and shall remain in existence
                                                              ANNEX.<br>
+
in that territory for the same period of time as that which they would
                                                          I. LIFE ASSURANCE.<br>
+
have enjoyed under Ottoman law.
                                                          Paragraph I.<p>
 
                                                         
 
                                                        Life assurance contracts entered into between an insurer and
 
                                              a person who subsequently became an enemy shall not be deemed
 
                                              to have been dissolved by the outbreak of war or by the fact of
 
                                              the person becoming an enemy.<p>
 
                                             
 
                                                        Every sum which, during the war, became due upon a contract
 
                                              deemed not to have been dissolved in accordance with the
 
                                              preceding paragraph, shall be recoverable after the war. This
 
                                              sum shall be increased by interest at 5 per cent. per annum from
 
                                              the date of its becoming due up to the day of payment.<p>
 
                                             
 
                                                        If the contract has lapsed during the war, owing to non-payment of premiums or has become void from breach of the conditions of the contract, the assured, or his representatives, or the
 
                                              persons entitled, shall have the right at any moment within
 
                                              twelve months from the coming into force of the present Treaty
 
                                              to claim from the insurer the surrender value of the policy at
 
                                              the date of its lapse or annulation, together with interest at
 
                                              5 per cent. per annum.<p>
 
                                             
 
                                                        Turkish nationals whose life insurance contracts entered into
 
                                              before the 29th October, 1914, have been cancelled or reduced
 
                                              before the Treaty for non-payment of premiums in accordance
 
                                              with the provisions of the said contracts, shall have the right,
 
                                              within three months from the coming into force of the present
 
                                              Treaty, if they are still alive, to restore their policies for the
 
                                              whole of the amount assured. For this purpose they must, after
 
                                              having undergone a medical examination by the doctor of the
 
                                              company, the result of which the company considers satisfactory,
 
                                              pay the premiums in arrear with compound interest at 5 per cent.<p>
 
                                             
 
                                                              Paragraph 2.<p>
 
                                                             
 
                                                        It is understood that life assurance contracts in money other
 
                                              than the Turkish pound, entered into before the 29th October,
 
                                              19I4, between companies possessing the nationality of an Allied
 
                                              Power and Turkish nationals, in respect of which the premiums
 
                                              have been paid before and after the 18th November, 1915, or
 
                                              even only before that date, shall be regulated, first, by determining the rights of the assured in accordance with the general
 
conditions of the policy for the period before the 18th November,
 
1915, in the currency stipulated in the contract at the current
 
rate in its country of origin (for example, every amount stipulated
 
in francs, in gold francs, or in "francs effectifs" will be paid in
 
French francs), secondly, for the period after the 18th November,
 
19I5, in Turkish pounds paper-the Turkish pound being taken
 
at the pre-war par value.<p>
 
  
          If Turkish nationals whose contracts were entered into in
 
currency other than Turkish currency show that they have continued to pay their premiums since the 18th November, 1915,
 
in the currency stipulated in the contracts, the said contracts
 
shall be settled in the same currency at the current rate in its
 
country of origin, even for the periocl after the 18th November,
 
19I5.<p>
 
  
          Turkish nationals whose contracts, entered into before the
+
ARTICLE 91
29th October, 1914, in currency other than Turkish currency
 
with companies possessing the nationality of an Allied Power are,
 
owing to payment of premiums, still in force, shall have the right
 
within three months after the coming into force of the present
 
Treaty to restore their policies for the full amount, in the currency stipulated in their contract, at the current rate in its
 
country of origin. For this purpose they must pay in this currency the premiums which have become due since the 18th
 
November, 1915. On the other hand, the premiums actually
 
paid by them in Turkish pounds paper since that date will be
 
repaid to them in the same currency.<p>
 
  
              Paragraph 3.<p>
+
All grants of patents and registrations of trade-marks, as well as all
             
+
registrations of transfers or assignments of patents or trade marks
          As regards insurances in Turkish pounds, settlement shall be
+
which have been duly made since the 30th October, 1918, by the
made in Turkish pounds paper.<p>
+
Imperial Ottoman Government at Constantinople or elsewhere, shall be
 +
submitted to the Turkish Government and registered, if the parties
 +
concerned make an application within three months from the coming into
 +
force of the present Treaty. Such registration shall have effect as
 +
from the date of the original registration.
  
              Paragraph 4.<p>
 
             
 
          The provisions of paragraphs 2 and 3 do not apply to policy
 
holders who, by an express agreement, have already settled with
 
the insurance companies the fixation of the value of their policies
 
and the method of payment of their premiums, nor to those whose
 
policies shall have been finally settled at the date of the coming
 
into force of the present Treaty.<p>
 
  
              Paragraph 5.<p>
+
SECTION V.<br>
             
+
MIXED ARBITRAL TRIBUNAL.<br>
          For the purposes of the preceding paragraphs, insurance contracts shall be considered as contracts of life insurance when they
+
ARTICLE 92.<br>
                                              depend on the probabilities of human life, combined with the
 
                                              rate of interest, for the calculation of the reciprocal engagement
 
                                              between the two parties.<p>
 
                                             
 
                                                          II. MARINE INSURANCE.<p>
 
                                                         
 
                                                              Paragraph 6.<p>
 
                                                             
 
                                                        Subject to the provisions therein contained, contracts of marine
 
                                              insurance will not be deemed to have been dissolved where the
 
                                              risk had attached before the parties became enemies, but the
 
                                              policy shall not be deemed to cover losses due to belligerent
 
                                              action by the Power of which the insurer was a national or by
 
                                              the allies of that Power.
 
                                              <p>
 
                                                      III. FIRE AND OTHER INSURANCES.<p>
 
                                                     
 
                                                              Paragraph 7.<p>
 
                                                             
 
                                                        Subject to the reserve contained in the preceding paragraph,
 
                                              fire insurance contracts and all other forms of insurance contracts
 
                                              are not deemed to be dissolved.<p>
 
                                             
 
                                                              SECTION III.<br>
 
                                                              DEBTS.<br>
 
                                                              ARTICLE 84.<p>
 
                                                             
 
                                                        The High Contracting Parties are in agreement in recognising
 
                                              that debts which were payable before the war or which became
 
                                              payable during the war under contracts entered into before the
 
                                              war, and which remained unpaid owing to the war, must be
 
                                              settled and paid, in accordance with the provisions of the contracts, in the currency agreed upon, at the rate current in its
 
                                              country of origin.<p>
 
                                             
 
                                                        Without prejudice to the provisions of the Annex to Section II
 
                                              of this part, it is agreed that where payments to be made under a
 
                                              pre-war contract are represented by sums collected during the
 
                                              war in whole or in part in a currency other than that mentioned
 
                                              in the said contract, such payments can be made by handing
 
                                              over the sums actually collected, in the currency in which they
 
                                              were collected. This provision shall not affect settlements inconsistent with the foregoing provisions arrived at by voluntary
 
agreement between the parties before the coming into force
 
of the present Treaty.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 85.<p>
+
Within three months from the date of the coming into force of the
             
+
present Treaty, a Mixed Arbitral Tribunal shall be established between
        The Ottoman Public Debt is by general agreement left outside
+
each of the Allied Powers, on the one hand, and Turkey, on the other
the scope of.this Section and of the other Sections of this Part
+
hand.
(Economic Clauses).<p>
 
  
            SECTION IV.<br>
+
Each of these Tribunals shall be composed of three members, two being
    INDUSTRIAL, LITERARY AND ARTISTIC
+
appointed respectively by each of the Governments concerned, who shall
            PROPERTY.<br>
+
be entitled to designate several persons from whom, according to the
            ARTICLE 86.<p>
+
case in question, they will choose one to sit as a member of the
        Subject to the stipulations of the present Treaty, rights of
+
Tribunal. The president shall be chosen by agreement between the two
industrial, literary and artistic property as they existed on the
+
Governments concerned.
1st August, I9I4, in accordance with the law of each of the contracting countries, shall be re-established or restored as from the
 
coming into force of the present Treaty in the territories of the
 
High Contracting Parties in favour of the persons entitled to the
 
benefit of them at the moment when the state of war commenced,
 
or of their legal representatives. Equally, rights which, but for
 
the war, could have been acquired during the war, by means of an
 
application legally made for the protection of industrial property
 
or of the publication of a literary or artistic work, shall be recognised and established in favour of those persons who would
 
have been entitled thereto, from the coming into force of the
 
present Treaty.<p>
 
  
        Without prejudice to the rights which are required to be
+
In case of failure to reach agreement within two months from the
restored in accordance with the above provision, all acts (including the grant of licences) done by virtue of the special measures
+
coming into force of the present Treaty, the president shall be
taken during the war by a legislative, executive or administrative
+
appointed, upon the request of one of the Governments concerned, from
authority of an Allied Power in regard to the rights of Turkish
+
among nationals of Powers which remained neutral during the war, by
nationals in respect of industrial, literary or artistic property,
+
the President of the Permanent Court of International Justice at The
shall remain in force and continue to have their full effect. This
+
Hague.
provision applies<i> mutatis mutandis</i> to corresponding measures
 
taken by Turkish authorities in regard to the rights of the
 
nationals of any Allied Power.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 87.<p>
+
If within the said period of two months one of the Governments
             
+
concerned does not appoint a member to represent it on the Tribunal,
        A minimum of one year from the coming into force of the
+
the Council of the League of Nations will have power to proceed to the
present Treaty shall be granted, without surtax or penalty of any
+
appointment of such member upon the request of the other Government
                                                kind, to Turkish nationals in the territory of each of the other
+
concerned.
                                                Contracting Powers, and to the nationals of these Powers in
 
                                                Turkey, within which they may accomplish any act, fulfil any
 
                                                formality, pay any fees, and generally satisfy any obligation
 
                                                prescribed by the laws and regulations of the respective States
 
                                                for preserving or obtaining or opposing the grant of rights to
 
                                                industriai property which had already been acquired on the
 
                                                1st August, I9I4, or which, but for the war, might have been
 
                                                acquired since that date by means of an application made before
 
                                                or during the war.<p>
 
                                               
 
                                                        Rights to industrial property which have lapsed by reason of
 
                                                any failure to accomplish any act, fulfil any formality, or pay
 
                                                any fees shall be revived, but subject, in the case of patents and
 
                                                designs, to the adoption of such measures as each Power may
 
                                                deem reasonably necessary for the protection of the rights of
 
                                                third parties who have exploited or made use of patents or
 
                                                designs since they had lapsed.<p>
 
                                               
 
                                                        The period from the Ist August, I9I4, until the coming into
 
                                                force of the present Treaty shall be excluded in calculating the
 
                                                time within which a patent has to be exploited or a trade-mark or
 
                                                design used, and it is further agreed that no patent, trade-mark
 
                                                or design in force on the Ist August, I9I4, shall be subject to
 
                                                revocation or cancellation by reason only of the failure to exploit
 
                                                such patent or use such trade-mark or design, for two years
 
                                                after the coming into force of the present Treaty.<p>
 
                                               
 
                                                              ARTICLE 88.<p>
 
                                                             
 
                                                      No action shall be brought and no claim made on the one hand
 
                                                by Turkish nationals or persons residing or carrying on business
 
                                                in Turkey, and on the other hand by nationals of the Allied
 
                                                Powers or persons residing or carrying on their business in the
 
                                                territory of these Powers, nor by third parties having derived
 
                                                title during the war from such persons, by reason of any occurrence which has taken place within the territory of the other
 
                                                party, between the date of the beginning of a state of war and
 
                                                that of the coming into force of the present Treaty, which might
 
                                                tve held to constitute an infringement of rights of industrial
 
                                                property or rights of literary or artistic property either existing
 
                                                at any time during the war, or revived under the provisions of
 
                                                Article 86.<p>
 
                                               
 
                                                Among the occurrences referred to above are included the use
 
                                                by the Governments of the High Contracting Parties, or by any
 
person acting on their behalf, or with their consent, of rights of
 
industrial, literary or artistic property, as well as the sale, the
 
offering for sale or the use of products, apparatus, or any articles
 
whatsoever to which these rights apply.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 89.<p>
+
If a member of the Tribunal should die or resign or for any reason
             
+
become unable to perform his duties, he shall be replaced by the
        Licences for the use of industrial property, or for the reproduction of literary or artistic works, granted before the war
+
method laid down for his appointment, the above period of two months
by or to nationals of the Allied Powers or persons residing in
+
running from the date of death, resignation or inability as duly
their territories or carrying on business therein, on the one hand,
+
verified.
to or by Turkish nationals on the other hand, shall be considered
 
as cancelled as from the date of the beginning of a state of war
 
between Turkey and the Allied Power concerned. But in any
 
case, the former beneficiary of a licence of this kind shall have
 
the right within a period of six months from the coming into
 
force of the present Treaty to require from the proprietor of
 
the rights the grant of a new licence, the conditions of which, in
 
default of agreement between the parties, shall be fixed by the
 
Mixed Arbitral Tribunal referred to in Section V of this Part.
 
The Tribunal shall have the power, where the circumstances
 
demand it, to fix at the same time the amount which it considers
 
fair payment for the use of the property during the war.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 90<p>
 
             
 
        The inhabitants of territories detached from Turkey under the
 
present Treaty shall, notwithstanding this transfer and the change
 
of nationality consequent thereon, continue in complete enjoyment in Turkey of all the rights in industrial, literary and artistic
 
property to which they were entitled under Ottoman law at the
 
time of transfer.<p>
 
  
        Rights of industrial, literary and artistic property which are in
+
ARTICLE 93.
existence in territories detached from Turkey under the present
 
Treaty at the time of separation, or which are re-established or
 
restored by the provisions of Article 86, shall be recognised by
 
the State to which the said territory is transferred, and shall
 
remain in existence in that territory for the same period of
 
time as that which they would have enjoyed under Ottoman law.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 91<p>
+
The seat of the Mixed Arbitral Tribunals shall be at
             
+
Constantinople. If the number and character of the cases justify it,
        All grants of patents and registrations of trade-marks, as well
+
the Governments concerned shall be entitled to create in each Tribunal
as all registrations of transfers or assignments of patents or trade
+
onc or more additional Sections, the seat of which shall be in
                                              marks which have been duly made since the 30th October, 1918,
+
whatever place may be convenient. Each of these Sections shall be
                                              by the Imperial Ottoman Government at Constantinople or
+
composed of a vice-president and two members appointed as laid down in
                                              elsewhere, shall be submitted to the Turkish Government and
+
the second, third, fourth and fifth paragraphs of Article 92.
                                              registered, if the parties concerned make an application within
 
                                              three months from the coming into force of the present Treaty.
 
                                              Such registration shall have effect as from the date of the original
 
                                              registration.<p>
 
                                             
 
                                                            SECTION V.<br>
 
                                                      MIXED ARBITRAL TRIBUNAL.<br>
 
                                                            ARTICLE 92.<p>
 
                                                        Within three months from the date of the coming into force
 
                                              of the present Treaty, a Mixed Arbitral Tribunal shall be established between each of the Allied Powers, on the one hand, and
 
                                              Turkey, on the other hand.<p>
 
                                             
 
                                                        Each of these Tribunals shall be composed of three members,
 
                                              two being appointed respectively by each of the Governments
 
                                              concerned, who shall be entitled to designate several persons
 
                                              from whom, according to the case in question, they will choose
 
                                              one to sit as a member of the Tribunal. The president shall be
 
                                              chosen by agreement between the two Governments concerned.<p>
 
                                             
 
                                                        In case of failure to reach agreement within two months from
 
                                              the coming into force of the present Treaty, the president shall
 
                                              be appointed, upon the request of one of the Governments
 
                                              concerned, from among nationals of Powers which remained
 
                                              neutral during the war, by the President of the Permanent Court
 
                                              of International Justice at The Hague.<p>
 
                                             
 
                                                        If within the said period of two months one of the Governments
 
                                              concerned does not appoint a member to represent it on the
 
                                              Tribunal, the Council of the League of Nations will have power
 
                                              to proceed to the appointment of such member upon the request
 
                                              of the other Government concerned.<p>
 
                                             
 
                                                        If a member of the Tribunal should die or resign or for any
 
                                              reason become unable to perform his duties, he shall be replaced
 
                                              by the method laid down for his appointment, the above period of
 
                                              two months running from the date of death, resignation or
 
                                              inability as duly verified.<p>
 
                                             
 
                                                              ARTICLE 93.<p>
 
                                                             
 
                                                        The seat of the Mixed Arbitral Tribunals shall be at Constantinople. If the number and character of the cases justify it, the
 
Governments concerned shall be entitled to create in each
 
Tribunal onc or more additional Sections, the seat of which shall
 
be in whatever place may be convenient. Each of these Sections
 
shall be composed of a vice-president and two members appointed
 
as laid down in the second, third, fourth and fifth paragraphs
 
of Article 92.<p>
 
  
          Each Government shall appoint one or more agents to represent
+
Each Government shall appoint one or more agents to represent it
it before the Tribunal.<p>
+
before the Tribunal.
  
          If, after three years from the establishment of a Mixed Arbitral
+
If, after three years from the establishment of a Mixed Arbitral
Tribunal, or of one of its Sections, such Tribunal or Section has
+
Tribunal, or of one of its Sections, such Tribunal or Section has not
not finished its work, and if the Power on whose territory such
+
finished its work, and if the Power on whose territory such Tribunal
Tribunal or Section has its seat so requests, the seat shall be removed from such territory.<p>
+
or Section has its seat so requests, the seat shall be removed from
 +
such territory.
  
              ARTICLE 94.<p>
+
ARTICLE 94.
             
 
          The Mixed Arbitral Tribunals established pursuant to Articles
 
92 and 93 shall decide all questions within their competence under
 
the present Treaty.<p>
 
  
Decisions shall be taken by a majority.<p>
+
The Mixed Arbitral Tribunals established pursuant to Articles 92 and
+
93 shall decide all questions within their competence under the
          The High Contracting Parties agree to regard the decisions of
+
present Treaty.
the Mixed Arbitral Tribunals as final and conclusive, and to
 
render them binding upon their nationals, and to ensure their
 
enforcement in their respective territories as soon as the decisions
 
of the Tribunals are notified to them, without it being necessary
 
to have them declared executory.<p>
 
  
          The High Contracting Parties further undertake that their
+
Decisions shall be taken by a majority.
Tribunals and authorities shall directly assist the fixed Arbitral
 
Tribunals in every way that is in their power, particularly as re-
 
gards the transmission of notices and the collection of evidence.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 95.<p>
+
The High Contracting Parties agree to regard the decisions of the
             
+
Mixed Arbitral Tribunals as final and conclusive, and to render them
          The Mixed Arbitral Tribunals shall be guided by justice, equity
+
binding upon their nationals, and to ensure their enforcement in their
and good faith.<p>
+
respective territories as soon as the decisions of the Tribunals are
 +
notified to them, without it being necessary to have them declared
 +
executory.
  
          Each Tribunal will determine the language to be used before it,
+
The High Contracting Parties further undertake that their Tribunals
and shall order such translations to be made as are necessary to
+
and authorities shall directly assist the fixed Arbitral Tribunals in
ensure that the proceedings are completely understood; it will lay
+
every way that is in their power, particularly as re- gards the
down rules and time limits for the procedure to be observed.
+
transmission of notices and the collection of evidence.
These rules must be based on the following principles:<p>
 
  
(I) The procedure shall include the presentation of a memorial
+
 
    and a counter-memorial respectively, with the option of
+
ARTICLE 95.
    presenting a reply and a rejoinder. If either of the
+
 
                                                    parties asks for leave to present an oral argument he will
+
The Mixed Arbitral Tribunals shall be guided by justice, equity and
                                                    be permitted to do so; in such case the other party will
+
good faith.
                                                    have the same right.<p>
+
 
                                                   
+
Each Tribunal will determine the language to be used before it, and
                                                (2) The Tribunal shall have full power to order enquiries, the
+
shall order such translations to be made as are necessary to ensure
                                                    production of documents, and expert examinations, to
+
that the proceedings are completely understood; it will lay down rules
                                                    make a view, to demand any information, to hear any
+
and time limits for the procedure to be observed. These rules must be
                                                    witnesses and to ask the parties or their representatives
+
based on the following principles:
                                                    for any verbal or written explanations.<p>
+
 
                                                   
+
(I) The procedure shall include the presentation of a memorial and a
                                                (3) Subject to any contrary provision in the present Treaty, no
+
counter-memorial respectively, with the option of presenting a reply
                                                    claim shall be admitted after the expiry of a period of
+
and a rejoinder. If either of the parties asks for leave to present an
                                                    six months from the establishment of the Tribunal,
+
oral argument he will be permitted to do so; in such case the other
                                                    except upon express authority contained in a decision of
+
party will have the same right.
                                                    the said Tribunal and justified as an exceptional measure
+
 
                                                    by considerations relating to distance or <i>force majeure.</i><p>
+
(2) The Tribunal shall have full power to order enquiries, the
                                                (4) It shall be the duty of the Tribunal to hold as many sittings
+
production of documents, and expert examinations, to make a view, to
                                                    each week as may be needed for the prompt despatch of
+
demand any information, to hear any witnesses and to ask the parties
                                                    its business, except during vacations, which shall not
+
or their representatives for any verbal or written explanations.
                                                    exceed a total of eight weeks a year.<p>
+
 
                                                   
+
(3) Subject to any contrary provision in the present Treaty, no claim
                                                (5) Judgment must always be given within at most two months
+
shall be admitted after the expiry of a period of six months from the
                                                    from the end of the hearing, after which the Tribunal will
+
establishment of the Tribunal, except upon express authority contained
                                                    at once proceed to consider its judgment.<p>
+
in a decision of the said Tribunal and justified as an exceptional
                                                   
+
measure by considerations relating to distance or force majeure.
                                                (6) Oral arguments, if any, shall be heard in public, and in all
+
 
                                                    cases judgment shall be delivered in public.<p>
+
(4) It shall be the duty of the Tribunal to hold as many sittings each
                                                   
+
week as may be needed for the prompt despatch of its business, except
                                                (7) Each Mixed Arbitral Tribunal shall be entitled to hold
+
during vacations, which shall not exceed a total of eight weeks a
                                                    sittings elsewhere than in the place where its seat is
+
year.
                                                    established, if it considers it advantageous for the
+
 
                                                    despatch of business.<p>
+
(5) Judgment must always be given within at most two months from the
                                                   
+
end of the hearing, after which the Tribunal will at once proceed to
                                                              ARTICLE 96.<p>
+
consider its judgment.
                                                             
+
 
                                                        The Governments concerned shall appoint by agreement a
+
(6) Oral arguments, if any, shall be heard in public, and in all cases
                                                Secretary-General for each Tribunal, and shall each attach to him
+
judgment shall be delivered in public.
                                                one or more Secretaries. The Secretary-General and the Secretaries shall be under the orders of the Tribunal, which with the
+
 
                                                consent of the Governments concerned shall be entitled to engage any persons whose assistance it may need.<p>
+
(7) Each Mixed Arbitral Tribunal shall be entitled to hold sittings
                                               
+
elsewhere than in the place where its seat is established, if it
                                                          The Secretariat of each Tribunal shall have its offices at Constantinople. The Governments concerned shall have power to
+
considers it advantageous for the despatch of business.
                                                establish additional offices in such other places as may be convenient.<p>
+
 
                                               
+
 
                                                          Each Tribunal shall keep in its Secretariat the records, papers
+
ARTICLE 96.
                                                and documents relating to the cases submitted to it, and upon the
+
 
                        completion of its duties it shall deposit them in the archives of the
+
The Governments concerned shall appoint by agreement a
 +
Secretary-General for each Tribunal, and shall each attach to him one
 +
or more Secretaries. The Secretary-General and the Secretaries shall
 +
be under the orders of the Tribunal, which with the consent of the
 +
Governments concerned shall be entitled to engage any persons whose
 +
assistance it may need.
 +
 
 +
The Secretariat of each Tribunal shall have its offices at
 +
Constantinople. The Governments concerned shall have power to
 +
establish additional offices in such other places as may be
 +
convenient.
 +
 
 +
Each Tribunal shall keep in its Secretariat the records, papers and
 +
documents relating to the cases submitted to it, and upon the
 +
completion of its duties it shall deposit them in the archives of the
 
Government of the country where its seat is established. These
 
Government of the country where its seat is established. These
archives shall always be accessible to the Governments concerned.<p>
+
archives shall always be accessible to the Governments concerned.
  
              ARTICLE 97.<p>
 
        Each Government shall pay the emoluments of the member of
 
the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal whom it appoints, as well as those of
 
any agent or secretary appointed by it.<p>
 
  
        The emoluments of the President and those of the Secretary-General shall be fixed by agreement between the Governments
+
ARTICLE 97.
concerned, and these emoluments and the general expenses of the
 
Tribunal shall be paid in equal shares by the two Governments.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 98.<p>
+
Each Government shall pay the emoluments of the member of the Mixed
             
+
Arbitral Tribunal whom it appoints, as well as those of any agent or
        The present section shall not apply to cases between Japan and
+
secretary appointed by it.
Turkey, which, according to the terms of the present Treaty,
 
would fall within the competence of the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal.
 
Such cases shall be settled by agreement between the two Govern-
 
ments.<p>
 
  
              SECTION VI.<br>
+
The emoluments of the President and those of the Secretary-General
              TREATIES.<br>
+
shall be fixed by agreement between the Governments concerned, and
              ARTICLE 99.<p>
+
these emoluments and the general expenses of the Tribunal shall be
             
+
paid in equal shares by the two Governments.
        From the coming into force of the present Treaty and subject to
+
 
the provisions thereof, the multilateral treaties, conventions and
+
 
agreements of an economic or technical character enumerated
+
ARTICLE 98.
below shall enter again into force between Turkey and those of
+
 
the other Contracting Powers party thereto:<p>
+
The present section shall not apply to cases between Japan and Turkey,
 +
which, according to the terms of the present Treaty, would fall within
 +
the competence of the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal. Such cases shall be
 +
settled by agreement between the two Govern- ments.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
SECTION VI.<br>
 +
TREATIES.<br>
 +
ARTICLE 99.<br>
 +
 
 +
From the coming into force of the present Treaty and subject to the
 +
provisions thereof, the multilateral treaties, conventions and
 +
agreements of an economic or technical character enumerated below
 +
shall enter again into force between Turkey and those of the other
 +
Contracting Powers party thereto:
 +
 
 +
(I) Conventions of March 14, 1884, of December 1, 1886, and of March
 +
23, 1887, and Final Protocol of July 7, 1887, regarding the protection
 +
of submarine cables;
 +
 
 +
(2) Convention of July 5, 1890, regarding the publication of customs
 +
tariffs and the organisation of an International Union for the
 +
publication of customs tariffs;
 +
 
 +
(3) Arrangement of December 9, 1907, regarding the creation of the
 +
International Office of Public Hygiene at Paris;
  
(I) Conventions of March 14, 1884, of December 1, 1886, and
 
    of March 23, 1887, and Final Protocol of July 7, 1887,
 
    regarding the protection of submarine cables;<p>
 
   
 
(2) Convention of July 5, 1890, regarding the publication of
 
    customs tariffs and the organisation of an International
 
    Union for the publication of customs tariffs;<p>
 
   
 
(3) Arrangement of December 9, 1907, regarding the creation
 
    of the International Office of Public Hygiene at Paris;<p>
 
   
 
 
(4) Convention of June 7, 1905, regarding the creation of an
 
(4) Convention of June 7, 1905, regarding the creation of an
    International Agricultural Institute at Rome;<p>
+
International Agricultural Institute at Rome;
   
+
 
(5) Convention of July 16, 1863, for the redemption of the toll
+
(5) Convention of July 16, 1863, for the redemption of the toll dues
    dues on the Scheldt;<p>
+
on the Scheldt;
   
+
 
                                                  (6) Convention of October 29, 1888, regarding the establishment of a definite arrangement guaranteeing the free
+
(6) Convention of October 29, 1888, regarding the establishment of a
                                                      use of the Suez Canal, subject to the special stipulations
+
definite arrangement guaranteeing the free use of the Suez Canal,
                                                      provided for by Article 19 of the present Treaty;<p>
+
subject to the special stipulations provided for by Article 19 of the
                                                     
+
present Treaty;
                                                  (7) Conventions and Agreements of the Universal Postal
+
 
                                                      Union, including the Conventions and Agreements
+
(7) Conventions and Agreements of the Universal Postal Union,
                                                      signed at Madrid on November 30, 1920;<p>
+
including the Conventions and Agreements signed at Madrid on November
                                                     
+
30, 1920;
                                                  (8) International Telegraphic Conventions signed at St.
+
 
                                                      Petersburgh on July 10-22, 1875; Regulations and
+
(8) International Telegraphic Conventions signed at St. Petersburgh on
                                                      Tariffs drawn up by the International Telegraph
+
July 10-22, 1875; Regulations and Tariffs drawn up by the
                                                      Conference, Lisbon, June 11, 1908.<p>
+
International Telegraph Conference, Lisbon, June 11, 1908.
                                                     
+
 
                                                                ARTICLE 100.<p>
+
 
                                                               
+
ARTICLE 100.
                                                        Turkey undertakes to adhere to the Conventions or Agreements
+
 
                                                  enumerated below, or to ratify them:<p>
+
Turkey undertakes to adhere to the Conventions or Agreements
                                                 
+
enumerated below, or to ratify them:
                                                  (I) Convention of October 11, 1909, regarding the inter-
+
 
                                                      national circulation of motor cars;<p>
+
(I) Convention of October 11, 1909, regarding the inter- national
                                                     
+
circulation of motor cars;
                                                  (2) Agreement of May 15, 1886, regarding the sealing of
+
 
                                                      railway trucks subject to customs inspection and
+
(2) Agreement of May 15, 1886, regarding the sealing of railway trucks
                                                      Protocol of May 18, 1907;<p>
+
subject to customs inspection and Protocol of May 18, 1907;
                                                     
+
 
                                                  (3) Convention of September 23, 1910, respecting the unification of certain regulations regarding collisions and
+
(3) Convention of September 23, 1910, respecting the unification of
                                                      salvage at sea;<p>
+
certain regulations regarding collisions and salvage at sea;
                                                     
+
 
                                                  (4) Convention of December 21, 1904, regarding exemption of
+
(4) Convention of December 21, 1904, regarding exemption of hospital
                                                      hospital ships from dues and charges in ports;<p>
+
ships from dues and charges in ports;
                                                     
+
 
                                                  (5) Conventions of May 18, 1904, of May 4, 1910, and of
+
(5) Conventions of May 18, 1904, of May 4, 1910, and of September 30,
                                                      September 30, 1921, regarding the suppression of the
+
1921, regarding the suppression of the White Slave Traffic;
                                                      White Slave Traffic;<p>
+
 
                                                     
+
(6) Conventions of May 4, 1910, regarding the suppression of obscene
                                                  (6) Conventions of May 4, 1910, regarding the suppression of
+
publications;
                                                      obscene publications;<p>
+
 
                                                     
+
(7) Sanitary Convention of January 17, 1912, Articles 54, 88 and 90
                                                  (7) Sanitary Convention of January 17, 1912, Articles 54, 88
+
being reserved;
                                                      and 90 being reserved;<p>
+
 
                                                     
+
(8) Conventions of November 3, 1881, and April 15, 1889, regarding
                                                  (8) Conventions of November 3, 1881, and April 15, 1889,
+
precautionary measures against phylloxera;
                                                      regarding precautionary measures against phylloxera;<p>
+
 
                                                     
+
(9) Opium Convention, signed at The Hague, January 23, 1912, and
                                                  (9) Opium Convention, signed at The Hague, January 23,
+
additional Protocol of 1914;
                                                      1912, and additional Protocol of 1914;<p>
+
 
                                                     
+
(10) International Radio-Telegraphic Convention of July 5, 1912;
                                                  (10) International Radio-Telegraphic Convention of July 5,
+
 
                                                      1912;<p>
+
(11) Convention regarding liquor traffic in Africa, signed at
                                                     
+
St. Germain-en-Laye, September 10, 1919;
                                                  (11) Convention regarding liquor traffic in Africa, signed at
+
 
                                                      St. Germain-en-Laye, September 10, 1919;<p>
+
(12) Convention revising the General Act of Berlin of February 26,
(12) Convention revising the General Act of Berlin of February
+
1885, and the General Act and Declaration of Brussels of July 2, I890,
    26, 1885, and the General Act and Declaration of
+
signed at St. Germain-en-Laye, September 10, 1919;
    Brussels of July 2, I890, signed at St. Germain-en-Laye,
+
 
    September 10, 1919;<p>
+
(13) Convention of October 13, 1919, regulating aerial navigation,
   
+
provided that Turkey obtains, under the Protocol of May 1, 1920, such
(13) Convention of October 13, 1919, regulating aerial navigation, provided that Turkey obtains, under the Protocol
+
derogations as her geographical situation may render necessary;
    of May 1, 1920, such derogations as her geographical
+
 
    situation may render necessary;<p>
+
(14) Convention of September 26, 1906, signed at Berne, prohibiting
   
+
the use of white phosphorus in the manufacture of matches.
(14) Convention of September 26, 1906, signed at Berne,
+
 
    prohibiting the use of white phosphorus in the manufacture of matches.<p>
+
Turkey further undertakes to take part in the elaboration of new
   
+
international conventions relating to telegraphy and radio-telegraphy.
        Turkey further undertakes to take part in the elaboration of
+
 
new international conventions relating to telegraphy and radio-telegraphy.<p>
+
 
                                                                  PART IV.<br>
+
PART IV.<br>
 +
COMMUNICATIONS AND SANITARY QUESTIONS.<br>
 +
SECTION 1.<br>
 +
COMMUNICATIONS.<br>
 +
ARTICLE 101.<br>
 +
 
 +
Turkey undertakes to adhere to the Convention and to the Statute
 +
respecting the Freedom of Transit adopted by the Conference of
 +
Barcelona on the 14th April, 192I, as well as to the Convention and
 +
the Statute respecting the regime for waterways of international
 +
interest adopted by the said Conference on the 19th April, 1921, and
 +
to the supplementary Protocol.
 +
 
 +
Turkey accordingly undertakes to bring into force the provisions of
 +
these Conventions, Statutes and Protocol as from the entry into force
 +
of the present Treaty.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 102.
 +
 
 +
Turkey undertakes to adhere to the Declaration of Barcelona. dated the
 +
20th April, 1921, "recognising the rights of the flag of States not
 +
possessing a sea-board."
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 103.
 +
 
 +
Turkey undertakes to adhere to the recommendations of the Conference
 +
of Barcelona, dated the 20th April, 1921, respecting ports placed
 +
under an international regime. Turkey will subsequently make known
 +
those ports which will be placed under that regime.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 104.
 +
 
 +
Turkey undertakes to adhere to the recommendations of the Conference
 +
of Barcelona, dated the 20th April, 1921, respecting international
 +
railways. These recommendations will be brought into force by the
 +
Turkish Government on the coming into force of the present Treaty and
 +
subject to reciprocity.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 105.
 +
 
 +
On the coming into force of the present Treaty, Turkey agrees to
 +
subscribe to the Conventions and arrangements signed at Berne on
 +
October 14, 1890, September 20, 1893, July I6, 1895, June 16, 1898,
 +
and September 19, 1906, regarding the transportation of goods by rail.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 106.
 +
 
 +
When, as a result of the fixing of new frontiers, a railway connection
 +
between two parts of the same country crosses another country, or a
 +
branch line from one country has its terminus in another, the
 +
conditions of working, in so far as concerns the traffic between the
 +
two countries, shall, subject to any special arrangements, be laid
 +
down in an agreement to be concluded between the railway
 +
administrations concerned. If these administrations cannot come to an
 +
agreement as to the terms of such agreement, those conditions shall be
 +
decided by arbitration.
 +
 
 +
The establishment of all new frontier stations between Turkey and the
 +
neighbouring States, as well as the working of the lines between those
 +
stations, shall be settled by agreements similarly concluded .
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 107
 +
 
 +
Travellers and goods coming from or destined for Turkey or Greece, and
 +
making use in transit of the three sections of the Oriental Railways
 +
included between the Grseco-Bulgarian frontier and the Grceco-Turkish
 +
frontier near Kuleli-Burgas, shall not be subject, on account of such
 +
transit, to any duty or toll nor to any formality of examination in
 +
connection with passports or customs.
 +
 
 +
A Commissioner, who shall be selected by the Council of the League of
 +
Nations, shall ensure that the stipulations of this Article are
 +
carried out.
 +
 
 +
The Greek and Turkish Governments shall each have the right to appoint
 +
a representative to be attached to this Commissioner; this
 +
representative shall have the duty of drawing the attention of the
 +
Commissioner to any question relating to the execution of the
 +
above-mentioned stipulations, and shall enjoy all the necessary
 +
facilities to enable him to accomplish his task. These representatives
 +
shall reach an agreement with the Commissioner as to the number and
 +
nature of the subordinate staff which they will require.
 +
 
 +
It shall be the duty of the said Commissioner to submit, for the
 +
decision of the Council of the League of Nations, any question
 +
relating to the execution of the said stipulations which he may not
 +
have been able to settle. The Greek and Turkish Governments undertake
 +
to carry out any decision given by the majority vote of the said
 +
Council.
 +
 
 +
The salary of the said Commissioner, as well as the expenses of his
 +
work, shall be borne in equal parts by the Greek and Turkish
 +
Governments.
 +
 
 +
In the event of Turkey constructing later a railway line joining
 +
Adrianople to the line between Kuleli-Burgas and Constantinople, the
 +
stipulations of this Article shall lapse in so far as concerns transit
 +
between the points on the Graoco-Turkish frontier lying near
 +
Kuleli-Burgas and Bosna-Keuy respectively.
 +
 
 +
Each of the two interested Powers shall have the right, after five
 +
years from the coming into force of the present Treaty, to apply to
 +
the Council of the League of Nations with a view to deciding whether
 +
it is necessary that the control mentioned in paragraphs 2 to 5 of the
 +
present Article should be maintained. Nevertheless, it remains
 +
understood that the stipulations of paragraph I shall remain in force
 +
for transit over the two sections of the Oriental Railways between the
 +
Graeco-Bulgarian frontier and Bosna-Keuy.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 108.
 +
 
 +
Subject to any special provisions concerning the transfer of ports and
 +
railways, whether owned by the Turkish Government or private
 +
companies, situated in the territories detached from Turkey under the
 +
present Treaty, and similarly subject to any agreements which have
 +
been, or may be, concluded between the Contracting Powers relating to
 +
the concessionnaries and the pensioning of the personnel, the transfer
 +
of railways will take place under the following conditions:
 +
 
 +
(I) The works and installations of all the railroads shall be left
 +
complete and in as good condition as possible;
 +
 
 +
(2) When a railway system possessing its own rolling-stock is situated
 +
in its entirety in transferred territory, such stock shall be left
 +
complete with the railway, in accordance with the last inventory
 +
before the 30th October, 1918;
 +
 
 +
(3) As regards lines, the administration of which will in virtue of
 +
the present Treaty be divided, the distribution of the rolling-stock
 +
shall be made by friendly agreement between the administrations taking
 +
over the several sections thereof. This agreement shall have regard to
 +
the amount of the material registered on those lines in the last
 +
inventory before the 30th October, 1918, the length of the track
 +
(sidings included) and the nature and amount of the traffic. Failing
 +
agreement, the points in dispute shall be settled by arbitration. The
 +
arbitral decision shall also, if necessary, specify the locomotives,
 +
carriages and wagons to be left on each section, the conditions of
 +
their acceptance and such provisional arrangements as may be judged
 +
necessary to ensure for a limited period the current maintenance in
 +
existing workshops of the transferred stock;
 +
 
 +
(4) Stocks of stores, fittings and plant shall be left under the same
 +
conditions as the rolling-stock.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 109.
 +
 
 +
In default of any provisions to the contrary, when as the result of
 +
the fixing of a new frontier the hydraulic system (canalisation,
 +
inundation, irrigation, drainage or similar matters) in a State is
 +
dependent on works executed within the territory of another State, or
 +
when use is made on the territory of a State, in virtue of pre-war
 +
usage, of water or hydraulic power, the source of which is on the
 +
territory of another State, an agreement shall be made between the
 +
States concerned to safeguard the interests and rights acquired by
 +
each of them.
 +
 
 +
Failing an agreement, the matter shall be regulated by arbitration.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 110.
 +
 
 +
Roumania and Turkey will come to an agreement as to an equitable
 +
arrangement for the working conditions of the Constanza-Constantinople
 +
cable. Failing agreement, the matter shall be settled by arbitration.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 111.
 +
 
 +
Turkey renounces on her own behalf and on behalf of her nationals all
 +
rights, titles or privileges of whatsoever nature over the whole or
 +
part of such cables as no longer land on her territory.
 +
 
 +
If the cables or portions thereof transferred under the preceding
 +
paragraph are privately owned, the Governments to which this property
 +
is transferred will have to indemnify the owners. Failing agreement
 +
respecting the amount of indemnity, this amount will be fixed by
 +
arbitration.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 112.
 +
 
 +
Turkey will retain the rights of property which she may already
 +
possess over those cables of which at least one end remains in Turkish
 +
territory.
 +
 
 +
The exercise of the landing rights of the said cables in non-Turkish
 +
territory and their working conditions shall be settled in a friendly
 +
manner by the States concerned. Failing agreement, the dispute will be
 +
settled by arbitration.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 113.
 +
 
 +
Each of the High Contracting Parties hereby accepts, in so far as it
 +
is concerned, the abolition of foreign post offfices in Turkey.
 +