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<font size=+1>Treaty of Peace with Turkey Signed at Lausanne, July 24, 1923<br>From: <i>The Treaties of Peace 1919-1923, Vol. II</i> (New York:Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 1924.)</font>
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<font size=+1>Treaty of Peace with Turkey Signed at Lausanne, July 24, 1923  
 +
From: <i>The Treaties of Peace 1919-1923, Vol. II</i> (New York:Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 1924.)</font>
 
<hr>
 
<hr>
Go to [http://www.lib.byu.edu/estu/wwi/maps/lausmap.gif Map of the Treaty Area.] (42k) <br>
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Go to [http://www.lib.byu.edu/estu/wwi/maps/lausmap.gif Map of the Treaty Area.] (42k)  
Go to [http://www.lib.byu.edu/estu/wwi/maps/arab.gif Map of the Mandate Areas of Arabia] (42k)
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Go to [http://www.lib.byu.edu/estu/wwi/maps/arab.gif Map of the Mandate Areas of Arabia] (42k)
  
(Compiled by Lt.-Col. Lawrence Martin, Geographer of the Institute of Politics)<p>
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(Compiled by Lt.-Col. Lawrence Martin, Geographer of the Institute of Politics)  
 
<hr>
 
<hr>
<center>TREATY OF PEACE WITH TURKEY SIGNED AT LAUSANNE<br>JULY 24, 1923<br>THE CONVENTION RESPECTING THE REGIME OF THE STRAITS AND OTHER INSTRUMENTS SIGNED AT LAUSANNE</center>
 
  
THE BRITISH EMPIRE, FRANCE, ITALY, JAPAN,GREECE, ROUMANIA and the SERB-CROAT-SLOVENE STATE,<p>of the one part,<p>and TURKEY,
+
<center>TREATY OF PEACE WITH TURKEY SIGNED AT LAUSANNE
<p>of the other part; Being united in the desire to bring to a final close the state of war which has existed in the East since 1914,<p>Being anxious to re-establish the relations of friendship and commerce which are essential to the mutual well-being of their respective peoples,<p>And considering that these relations must be based on respect for the independence and sovereignty of States,<p>Have decided to conclude a Treaty for this purpose, and have appointed as their Plenipotentiaries:<p>HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND AND OF THE BRITISH DOMINIONS BEYOND THE SEAS, EMPEROR OF INDIA:<br>
 
 
  The Right Honourable Sir Horace George Montagu Rumbold, Baronet, G.C.M.G., High Commissioner at Constantinople;<p>
 
   
 
THE PRESIDENT OF THE FRENCH REPUBLIC:<br>
 
  
  General Maurice Pelle, Ambassador of France, High Com missioner of the Republic in the East, Grand Officer of  the National Order of the Legion of Honour;<p>
+
JULY 24, 1923
   
 
HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF ITALY:<br>
 
  
  The Honourable Marquis Camillo Garroni, Senator of the
+
THE CONVENTION RESPECTING THE REGIME OF THE STRAITS AND OTHER INSTRUMENTS SIGNED AT LAUSANNE</center>
    Kingdom, Ambassador of Italy, High Commissioner at
 
    Constantinople, Grand Cross of the Orders of Saints
 
    Maurice and Lazarus, and of the Crown of Italy;<p>
 
   
 
  M. Giulio Cesare Montagna, Envoy Extraordinary and
 
    Minister Plenipotentiary at Athens, Commander of the
 
    Orders of Saints Maurice and Lazarus, Grand Officer of
 
    the Crown of Italy;<p>
 
  
HIS MAJESTY THE EMPEROR OF JAPAN:<br>
+
THE BRITISH EMPIRE, FRANCE, ITALY, JAPAN,GREECE, ROUMANIA and the SERB-CROAT-SLOVENE STATE,
  
  Mr. Kentaro Otchiai, Jusammi, First Class of the Order of
+
of the one part,  
    the Rising Sun, Ambassador Extraordinary and
 
    Plenipotentiary at Rome;<p>
 
   
 
HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF THE HELLENES:<br>
 
  
  M. Eleftherios K. Veniselos, formerly President of the
+
and TURKEY,
    Council of Ministers, Grand Cross of the Order of the
+
    Saviour;<p>
 
   
 
  M. Demetrios Caclamanos, Minister Plenipotentiary at
 
    London, Commander of the Order of the Saviour;<p>
 
   
 
HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF ROUMANIA:<br>
 
  
  M. Constantine I. Diamandy, Minister Plenipotentiary;<p>
+
of the other part; Being united in the desire to bring to a final close the state of war which has existed in the East since 1914,  
 
 
  M. Constantine Contzesco, Minister Plenipotentiary;<p>
 
 
 
HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF THE SERBS, THE CROATS
 
AND THE SLOVENES:<br>
 
  
  Dr. Miloutine Yovanovitch, Envoy Extraordinary and
+
Being anxious to re-establish the relations of friendship and commerce which are essential to the mutual well-being of their respective peoples,  
    Minister Plenipotentiary at Berne;<p>
 
   
 
THE GOVERNMENT OF THE GRAND NATIONAL ASSEMBLY OF TURKEY:<br>
 
  
  Ismet Pasha, Minister for Foreign Affairs, Deputy for
+
And considering that these relations must be based on respect for the independence and sovereignty of States,  
 
 
    Adrianople;<p>
 
   
 
  Dr. Riza Nour Bey, Minister for Health and for Public
 
    Assistance, Deputy for Sinope;<p>
 
   
 
  Hassan Bey, formerly Minister, Deputy for Trebizond;<p>
 
 
 
Who, having produced their full powers, found in good and due
 
orm, have agreed as follows:<p>
 
                                                                      PART I.<br>
 
  
                                                                  POLITICAL CLAUSES.<br>
+
Have decided to conclude a Treaty for this purpose, and have appointed as their Plenipotentiaries:
  
                                                                    ARTICLE I.<p>
+
HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND AND OF THE BRITISH DOMINIONS BEYOND THE SEAS, EMPEROR OF INDIA:
 +
The Right Honourable Sir Horace George Montagu Rumbold, Baronet, G.C.M.G., High Commissioner at Constantinople;
 +
 +
THE PRESIDENT OF THE FRENCH REPUBLIC:
 +
General Maurice Pelle, Ambassador of France, High Com missioner of the Republic in the East, Grand Officer of the National Order of the Legion of Honour;
 +
 +
HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF ITALY:
 +
The Honourable Marquis Camillo Garroni, Senator of the Kingdom, Ambassador of Italy, High Commissioner at Constantinople, Grand Cross of the Orders of Saints Maurice and Lazarus, and of the Crown of Italy; M. Giulio Cesare Montagna, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at Athens, Commander of the Orders of Saints Maurice and Lazarus, Grand Officer of the Crown of Italy;
  
                                                                 
+
HIS MAJESTY THE EMPEROR OF JAPAN:
                                                      From the coming into force of the present Treaty, the state
+
Mr. Kentaro Otchiai, Jusammi, First Class of the Order of the Rising Sun, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary at Rome;
                                                      of peace will be definitely re-established between the British
+
                                                      Empire, France, Italy, Japan, Greece, Roumania and the Serb-Croat-Slovene State of the one part, and Turkey of the other part,
+
HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF THE HELLENES:
                                                      as well as between their respective nationals.
+
M. Eleftherios K. Veniselos, formerly President of the Council of Ministers, Grand Cross of the Order of the Saviour; M. Demetrios Caclamanos, Minister Plenipotentiary at London, Commander of the Order of the Saviour;  
                                                      Official relations will be resumed on both sides and, in the
 
                                                      respective territories, diplomatic and consular representatives will
 
                                                      receive, without prejudice to such agreements as may be concluded in the future, treatment in accordance with the general
 
                                                      principles of international law.<p>
 
                                                     
 
                                                                    SECTION I.<br>
 
                                                                I. TERRITORIAL CLAUSES.<br>
 
                                                                    ARTICLE 2.<p>
 
                                                               
 
                                                      From the Black Sea to the &AElig;:gean the frontier of Turkey is laid                                                      down as follows:
 
                                                      (I) With Bulgaria:<p>
 
                                                      From the mouth of the River Rezvaya, to the River Maritza,
 
                                                      the point of junction of the three frontiers of Turkey, Bulgaria and
 
                                                      Greece:<p>
 
                                                      the southern frontier of Bulgaria as at present demarcated;<p>
 
                                                      (2) With Greece:<p>
 
                                                      Thence to the confluence of the Arda and the Marilza:<p>
 
                                                      the course of the Maritza;<p>
 
                                                      then upstream along the Arda, up to a point on that river to be
 
                                                      determined on the spot in the immediate neighbourhood of the
 
                                                      village of Tchorek-Keuy:<p>
 
                                                      the course of the Arda;<p>
 
                                                      thence in a south-easterly direction up to a point on the
 
                                                      Maritza, 1 kilom. below Bosna-Keuy:<p>
 
                                                            a roughly straight line leaving in Turkish territory the village
 
of Bosna-Keuy. The village of Tchorek-Keuy shall be assigned to
 
Greece or to Turkey according as the majority of the population
 
shall be found to be Greek or Turkish by the Commission for
 
which provision is made in Article 5, the population which has
 
migrated into this village after the 11th October, 1922, not being
 
taken into account;<p>
 
  
  thence to the &AElig;gean Sea:<p>
+
HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF ROUMANIA:  
 
+
M. Constantine I. Diamandy, Minister Plenipotentiary; M. Constantine Contzesco, Minister Plenipotentiary;
the course of the Maritza.<p>
 
 
   
 
   
                ARTICLE 3.<p>
+
HIS MAJESTY THE KING OF THE SERBS, THE CROATS AND THE SLOVENES:
               
+
Dr. Miloutine Yovanovitch, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at Berne;
    From the Mediterranean to the frontier of Persia, the frontier
 
of Turkey is laid down as follows:<p>
 
  
(I ) With Syria:<p>
+
THE GOVERNMENT OF THE GRAND NATIONAL ASSEMBLY OF TURKEY:
 +
Ismet Pasha, Minister for Foreign Affairs, Deputy for Adrianople; Dr. Riza Nour Bey, Minister for Health and for Public
 +
Assistance, Deputy for Sinope; Hassan Bey, formerly Minister, Deputy for Trebizond;
 +
 +
Who, having produced their full powers, found in good and due orm, have agreed as follows:  
  
    The frontier described in Article 8 of the Franco-Turkish
+
PART I.
Agreement of the 20th October, 1921<p>
 
  
(2) With Iraq:<p>
 
  
    The frontier between Turkey and Iraq shall be laid down in
 
friendly arrangement to be concluded between Turkey and Great
 
Britain within nine months.<p>
 
  
    In the event of no agreement being reached between the two
 
Governments within the time mentioned, the dispute shall be
 
referred to the Council of the League of Nations.<p>
 
  
    The Turkish and British Governments reciprocally undertake
 
that, pending the decision to be reached on the subject of the
 
frontier, no military or other movement shall take place which
 
might modify in any way the present state of the territories of
 
which the final fate will depend upon that decision.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 4.<p>
 
             
 
    The frontiers described by the present Treaty are traced on
 
the one-in-a-million maps attached to the present Treaty. In case
 
of divergence between the text and the map, the text will prevail.
 
[See Introduction.]<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 5.<p>
 
             
 
    A Boundary Commission will be appointed to trace on the
 
ground the frontier defined in Article 2 (2). This Commission
 
will be composed of representatives of Greece and of Turkey, each
 
Power appointing one representative, and a president chosen by
 
them from the nationals of a third Power.<p>
 
  
They shall endeavour in all cases to follow as nearly as possible
 
                                                      the descriptions given in the present Treaty, taking into account
 
                                                      as far as possible administrative boundaries and local economic
 
                                                      interests.<p>
 
                                                     
 
                                                          The decision of the Commission will be taken by a majority and
 
                                                      shall be binding on the parties concerned.<p>
 
                                                            The expenses of the Commission shall be borne in equal shares
 
                                                      by the parties concerned.<p>
 
                                                     
 
                                                                      ARTICLE 6.<p>
 
                                                                     
 
                                                            In so far as concerns frontiers defined by a waterway as distinct
 
                                                      from its banks, the phrases "course" or "channel" used in the
 
                                                      descriptions of the present Treaty signify, as regards non-navigable rivers, the median line of the waterway or of its principal
 
                                                      branch, and, as regards navigable rivers, the median line of the
 
                                                      principal channel of navigation. It will rest with the Boundary
 
                                                      Commission to specify whether the frontier line shall follow any
 
                                                      changes of the course or channel which may take place, or whether
 
                                                      it shall be definitely fixed by the position of the course or channel
 
                                                      at the time when the present Treaty comes into force.<p>
 
                                                     
 
                                                            In the absence of provisions to the contrary, in the present
 
                                                      Treaty, islands and islets Iying within three miles of the coast are
 
                                                      included within the frontier of the coastal State.<p>
 
                                                     
 
                                                                      ARTICLE 7.<p>
 
                                                                     
 
                                                            The- various States concerned undertake to furnish to the
 
                                                        Boundary Commission all documents necessary for its task, especially authentic copies of agreements fixing existing or old frontiers, all large scale maps in existence, geodetic data, surveys completed but unpublished, and information concerning the changes
 
                                                        of frontier watercourses. The maps, geodetic data, and surveys,
 
                                                        even if unpublished, which are in the possession of the Turkish
 
                                                        authorities, must be delivered at Constantinople with the least
 
                                                        possible delay from the coming into force of the present Treaty
 
                                                        to the President of the Commission.<p>
 
                                                       
 
                                                            The States concerned also undertake to instruct the local
 
                                                        authorities to communicate to the Commission all documents,
 
                                                        especially plans, cadastral and land books, and to furnish on
 
                                                        demand all details regarding property, existing economic conditions and other necessary information.<p>
 
                ARTICLE 8.<p>
 
               
 
    The various States interested undertake to give every assistance to the Boundary Commission, whether directly or through
 
local authorities, in everything that concerns transport, accommodation, labour, materials (sign posts, boundary pillars) necessary for the accomplishment of its mission.<p>
 
  
    In particular, the Turkish Government undertakes to furnish,
 
if required, the technical personnel necessary to assist the Boundary Commission in the accomplishment of its duties.<p>
 
  
                ARTICLE 9.<p>
 
               
 
    The various States interested undertake to safeguard the
 
trigonometrical points, signals, posts or frontier marks erected by
 
the Commission.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 10.<p>
 
             
 
    The pillars will be placed so as to be intervisible. They will
 
be numbered, and their position and their number will be noted
 
on a cartographic document.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 11.<p>
 
             
 
      The protocols defining the boundary and the maps and documents attached thereto will be made out in triplicate, of which
 
two copies will be forwarded to the Governments of the limitrophe
 
States, and the third to the Government of the French Republic, which will deliver authentic copies to the Powers who sign the
 
present Treaty.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 12.<p>
 
             
 
      The decision taken on the 13th February, 1914, by the Conference of London, in virtue of Articles 5 of the Treaty of London
 
of the 17th-30th May, 1913, and 15 of the Treaty of Athens of the
 
1st-14th November, 1913, which decision was communicated to
 
the Greek Government on the 13th February, 1914, regarding the
 
sovereignty of Greece over the islands of the Eastern Mediterranean, other than the islands of Imbros, Tenedos and Rabbit
 
Islands, particularly the islands of Lemnos, Samothrace, Mytilene, Chios, Samos and Nikaria, is confirmed, subject to the
 
provisions of the present Treaty respecting the islands placed
 
under the sovereigntyof Italy which form the subject of Article 15.<p>
 
  
      Except where a provision to the contrary is contained in the
+
present Treaty, the islands situated at less than three miles
 
from the Asiatic coast remain under Turkish sovereignty.<p>
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 13.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                        With a view to ensuring the maintenance of peace, the Greek
 
                                                  Government undertakes to observe the following restrictions in
 
                                                  the islands of Mytilene, Chios, Samos and Nikaria:<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                    (I) No naval base and no fortification will be established in the
 
                                                        said islands.<p>
 
                                                       
 
                                                    (2) Greek military aircraft will be forbidden to fly over the
 
                                                        territory of the Anatolian coast. Reciprocally, the Turkish Government will forbid their military aircraft to fly
 
                                                        over the said islands.<p>
 
                                                       
 
                                                    (3) The Greek military forces in the said islands will be
 
                                                        limited to the normal contingent called up for military
 
                                                        service, which can be trained on the spot, as well as to
 
                                                        a force of gendarmerie and police in proportion to the
 
                                                        force of gendarmerie and police existing in the whole
 
                                                        of the Greek territory.<p>
 
                                                       
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 14.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                        The islands of Imbros and Tenedos, remaining under Turkish
 
                                                  sovereignty, shall enjoy a special administrative organisation
 
                                                  composed of local elements and furnishing every guarantee for the
 
                                                  native non-Moslem population in so far as concerns local administration and the protection of persons and property. The maintenance of order will be assured therein by a police force recruited
 
                                                  from amongst the local population by the local administration
 
                                                  above provided for and placed under its orders.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                        The agreements which have been, or may be, concluded between Greece and Turkey relating to the exchange of the Greek
 
                                                  and Turkish populations will not be applied to the inhabitants of
 
                                                  the islands of Imbros and Tenedos.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 15.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                        Turkey renounces in favour of Italy all rights and title over the
 
                                                  following islands: Stampalia (Astrapalia), Rhodes (Rhodos), Calki (Kharki), Scarpanto, Casos (Casso), Piscopis (Tilos), Misiros
 
                                                  (Nisyros), Calimnos (Kalymnos), Leros, Patmos, Lipsos (Lipso),
 
                                                  Simi (Symi), and Cos (Kos), which are now occupied by Italy,
 
                                                  and the islets dependent thereon, and also over the island of Castellorizzo.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE I6.<p>
 
             
 
      Turkey hereby renounces all rights and title whatsoever over or
 
respecting the territories situated outside the frontiers laid down
 
in the present Treaty and the islands other than those over which
 
her sovereignty is recognised by the said Treaty, the future of
 
these territories and islands being settled or to be settled by the
 
parties concerned.<p>
 
  
      The provisions of the present Article do not prejudice any special arrangements arising from neighbourly relations which have
+
POLITICAL CLAUSES.  
been or may be concluded between Turkey and any limitrophe
 
countries.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 17.<p>
 
             
 
      The renunciation by Turkey of all rights and titles over Egypt
 
and over the Soudan will take effect as from the 5th November,
 
1914.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 18.<p>
 
             
 
      Turkey is released from all undertakings and obligations in
 
regard to the Ottoman loans guaranteed on the Egyptian tribute,
 
that is to say, the loans of 1855, 1891 and 1894. The annual
 
payments made by Egypt for the service of these loans now forming part of the service of the Egyptian Public Debt, Egypt is
 
freed from all other obligations relating to the Ottoman Public
 
Debt.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 19.<p>
 
             
 
      Any questions arising from the recognition of the State of Egypt
 
shall be settled by agreements to be negotiated subsequently in a
 
manner to be determined later between the Powers concerned.
 
The provisions of the present Treaty relating to territories detached from Turkey under the said Treaty will not apply to Egypt.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 20.<p>
 
             
 
      Turkey hereby recognises the annexation of Cyprus proclaimed
 
by the British Government on the sth November, 1914.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 2I .<p>
 
             
 
      Turkish nationals ordinarily resident in Cyprus on the 5th
 
November, 1914, will acquire British nationality subject to the
 
conditions laid down in the local law, and will thereupon lose
 
their Turkish nationality. They will, however, have the right to opt for Turkish nationality within two years from the coming into
 
force of the present Treaty, provided that they leave Cyprus
 
within twelve months after having so opted.<p>
 
  
                                                Turkish nationals ordinarily resident in Cyprus on the coming
 
into force of the present Treaty who, at that date, have acquired
 
or are in process of acquiring British nationality in consequence
 
of a request made in accordance with the local law, will also
 
thereupon lose their Turkish nationality.<p>
 
  
                                                It is understood that the Government of Cyprus will be entitled
 
to refuse British nationality to inhabitants of the island who,
 
being Turkish nationals, had formerly acquired another nationality without the consent of the Turkish Government.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 22.<p>
 
             
 
                                                Without prejudice to the general stipulations of Article 27,
 
Turkey hereby recognises the definite abolition of all rights and
 
privileges whatsoever which she enjoyed in Libya under the
 
Treaty of Lausanne of the 18th October, 1912, and the instruments connected therewith.<p>
 
  
        2. SPECIAL PROVISIONS.<br>
 
            ARTICLE 23.<p>
 
       
 
                                                The High Contracting Parties are agreed to recognise and
 
declare the principle of freedom of transit and of navigation, by
 
sea and by air, in time of peace as in time of war, in the strait of
 
the Dardanelles, the Sea of Marmora and the Bosphorus, as prescribed in the separate Convention signed this day, regarding the
 
regime of the Straits. This Convention will have the same force
 
and effect in so far as the present High Contracting Parties are
 
concerned as if it formed part of the present Treaty.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 24.<p>
 
             
 
                                                The separate Convention signed this day respecting the regime
 
for the frontier described in Article 2 of the present Treaty will
 
have equal force and effect in so far as the present High Contracting Parties are concerned as if it formed part of the present Treaty.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 25.<p>
 
             
 
                                                Turkey undertakes to recognise the full force of the Treaties of
 
Peace and additional Conventions concluded by the other Contracting Powers with the Powers who fought on the side of Turkey, and to recognise whatever dispositions have been or may be
 
made concerning the territories of the former German Empire, of
 
Austria, of Hungary and of Bulgaria, and to recognise the new
 
States within their frontiers as there laid down.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 26.<p>
 
             
 
      Turkey hereby recognises and accepts the frontiers of Germany,
 
Austria, Bulgaria, Greece, Hungary, Poland, Roumania, the
 
Serb-Croat-Slovene State and the Czechoslovak State, as these
 
frontiers have been or may be determined by the Treaties referred
 
to in Article 25 or by any supplementary conventions.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 27.<p>
 
             
 
      No power or jurisdiction in political, legislative or administrative matters shall be exercised outside Turkish territory by the
 
Turkish Government or authorities, for any reason whatsoever,
 
over the nationals of a territory placed under the sovereignty or
 
protectorate of the other Powers signatory of the present Treaty,
 
or over the nationals of a territory detached from Turkey.<p>
 
  
      It is understood that the spiritual attributions of the Moslem
 
religious authorities are in no way infringed.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 28.<p>
 
             
 
      Each of the High Contracting Parties hereby accepts, in so far
 
as it is concerned, the complete abolition of the Capitulations in
 
Turkey in every respect.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 29.<p>
+
ARTICLE I.  
             
+
 
      Moroccans, who are French nationals ("ressortissants") and
+
 
Tunisians shall enjoy in Turkey the same treatment in all respects
+
 
as other French nationals ("ressortissants").<p>
+
 
 +
 
  
      Natives ("ressortissants") of Libya shall enjoy in Turkey the
 
same treatment in all respects as other Italian nationals ("ressortissants") .<p>
 
  
      The stipulations of the present Article in no way prejudge the
 
nationality of persons of Tunisian, Libyan and Moroccan origin
 
established in Turkey.<p>
 
  
      Reciprocally, in the territories the inhabitants of which benefit
 
by the stipulations of the first and second paragraphs of this
 
                                                  Article, Turkish nationals shall benefit by the same treatment as
 
                                                  in France and in Italy respectively.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                        The treatment to which merchandise originating in or destined
 
                                                  for the territories, the inhabitants of which benefit from the
 
                                                  stipulations of the first paragraph of this Article, shall be subject
 
                                                  in Turkey, and, reciprocally, the treatment to which merchandise
 
                                                  originating in or destined for Turkey shall be subject in the said
 
                                                  territories shall be settled by agreement between the French and
 
                                                  Turkish Governments.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                                SECTION II .<br>
 
                                                                NATIONALITY.<br>
 
                                                                ARTICLE 30.<p>
 
                                                        Turkish subjects habitually resident in territory which in
 
                                                  accordance with the provisions of the present Treaty is detached
 
                                                  from Turkey will become ipsofacto, in the conditions laid down by
 
                                                  the local law, nationals of the State to which such territory is
 
                                                  transferred.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 31.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                        Persons over eighteen years of age, losing their Turkish nationality and obtaining <i>ipso facto</i> a new nationality under Article
 
                                                  30, shall be entitled within a period of two years from the coming
 
                                                  into force of the present Treaty to opt for Turkish nationality.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 32.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                        Persons over eighteen years of age, habitually resident in territory detached from Turkey in accordance with the present
 
                                                  Treaty, and differing in race from the majority of the population
 
                                                  of such territory shall, within two years from the coming into
 
                                                  force of the present Treaty, be entitled to opt for the nationality
 
                                                  of one of the States in which the majority of the population is of
 
                                                  the same race as the person exercising the right to opt, subject to
 
                                                  the consent of that State.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 33.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                        Persons who have exercised the right to opt in accordance with
 
                                                  the provisions of Articles 31 and 32 must, within the succeeding
 
                                                  twelve months, transfer their place of residence to the State for
 
                                                  which they have opted.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                    They will be entitled to retain their immovable property in the
 
territory of the other State where they had their place of residence
 
before exercising their right to opt.<p>
 
  
    They may carry with them their movable property of every
 
description. No export or import duties may be imposed upon
 
them in connection with the removal of such property.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 34.<p>
 
             
 
    Subject to any agreements which it may be necessary to conclude between the Governments exercising authority in the countries detached from Turkey and the Governments of the countries
 
where the persons concerned are resident, Turkish nationals of
 
over eighteen years of age who are natives of a territory detached
 
from Turkey under the present Treaty, and who on its coming
 
into force are habitually resident abroad, may opt for the nationality of the territory of which they are natives, if they belong by
 
race to the majority of the population of that territory, and subject to theconsent of the Government exercising authority therein.
 
This right of option must be exercised within two years from the
 
coming into force of the present Treaty.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 35.<p>
 
             
 
      The Contracting Powers undertake to put no hindrance in the
 
way of the exercise of the right which the persons concerned have
 
under the present Treaty, or under the Treaties of Peace concluded with Germany, Austria, Bulgaria or Hungary, or under
 
any Treaty concluded by the said Powers, other than Turkey,
 
or any of them, with Russia, or between themselves, to choose
 
any other nationality which may be open to them.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 36.<p>
+
From the coming into force of the present Treaty, the state
             
 
      For the purposes of the provisions of this Section, the status of
 
a married woman will be governed by that of her husband, and
 
the status of children under eighteen years of age by that of their
 
parents.<p>
 
  
          SECTION III.<br>
 
          PROTECTION OF MINORITIES.<br>
 
         
 
              ARTICLE 37.<p>
 
             
 
      Turkey undertakes that the stipulations contained in Articles
 
38 to 44 shall be recognised as fundamental laws, and that no
 
                                                    law, no regulation, nor official action shall conflict or interfere with
 
                                                    these stipulations, nor shall any law, regulation, nor official action
 
                                                    prevail over them.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 38.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                        The Turkish Government undertakes to assure full and complete protection of life and liberty to ali inhabitants of Turkey
 
                                                    without distinction of birth, nationality, language, race or religion.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                        All inhabitants of Turkey shall be entitled to free exercise,
 
                                                    whether in public or private, of any creed, religion or belief, the
 
                                                    observance of which shall not be incompatible with public order
 
                                                    and good morals.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                        Non-Moslem minorities will enjoy full freedom of movement
 
                                                    and of emigration, subject to the measures applied, on the whole
 
                                                    or on part of the territory, to all Turkish nationals, and which
 
                                                    may be taken by the Turkish Government for national defence,
 
                                                    or for the maintenance of public order.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 39.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                        Turkish nationals belonging to non-Moslem minorities will
 
                                                    enjoy the same civil and political rights as Moslems.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          All the inhabitants of Turkey, without distinction of religion,
 
                                                    shall be equal before the law.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          Differences of religion, creed or confession shall not prejudice
 
                                                    any Turkish national in matters relating to the enjoyment of civil
 
                                                    or political rights, as, for instance, admission to public employments, functions and honours, or the exercise of professions and
 
                                                    industries.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          No restrictions shall be imposed on the free use by any Turkish
 
                                                    national of any language in private intercourse, in commerce,
 
                                                    religion, in the press, or in publications of any kind or at public
 
                                                    meetings.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          Notwithstanding the existence of the official language, adequate facilities shall be given to Turkish nationals of non-Turkish
 
                                                    speech for the oral use of their own language before the Courts.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 40.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                          Turkish nationals belonging to non-Moslem minorities shall
 
                                                    enjoy the same treatment and security in law and in fact as other
 
                                                    Turkish nationals. In particular, they shall have an equal right to
 
                                                    establish, manage and control at their own expense, any charitable, religious and social institutions, any schools and other
 
establishments for instruction and education, with the right to use
 
their own language and to exercise their own religion freely
 
therein.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 41.<p>
+
of peace will be definitely re-established between the British
             
 
        As regards public instruction, the Turkish Government will
 
grant in those towns and districts, where a considerable proportion of non-Moslem nationals are resident, adequate facilities
 
for ensuring that in the primary schools the instruction shall be
 
given to the children of such Turkish nationals through the
 
medium of their own language. This provision will not prevent
 
the Turkish Government from making the teaching of the Turkish
 
language obligatory in the said schools.<p>
 
  
        In towns and districts where there is a considerable proportion
 
of Turkish nationals belonging to non-Moslem minorities, these
 
minorities shall be assured an equitable share in the enjoyment
 
and application of the sums which may be provided out of public
 
funds under the State, municipal or other budgets for educational,
 
religious, or charitable purposes.<p>
 
  
        The sums in question shall be paid to the qualified representatives of the establishments and institutions concerned.<p>
+
Empire, France, Italy, Japan, Greece, Roumania and the Serb-Croat-Slovene State of the one part, and Turkey of the other part,
 +
 
 +
 
 +
as well as between their respective nationals.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
Official relations will be resumed on both sides and, in the
 +
 
 +
 
 +
respective territories, diplomatic and consular representatives will
 +
 
 +
 
 +
receive, without prejudice to such agreements as may be concluded in the future, treatment in accordance with the general
 +
 
 +
 
 +
principles of international law.  
  
              ARTICLE 42.<p>
 
             
 
        The Turkish Government undertakes to take, as regards non-Moslem minorities, in so far as concerns their family law or
 
personal status, measures permitting the settlement of these
 
questions in accordance with the customs of those minorities.<p>
 
  
        These measures will be elaborated by special Commissions
 
composed of representatives of the Turkish Government and of
 
representatives of each of the minorities concerned in equal
 
number. In case of divergence, the Turkish Government and the
 
Council of the League of Nations will appoint in agreement an
 
umpire chosen from amongst European lawyers.<p>
 
  
        The Turkish Government undertakes to grant full protection
 
to the churches, synagogues, cemeteries, and other religious
 
establishments of the above-mentioned minorities. All facilities
 
and authorisation will be granted to the pious foundations, and to
 
the religious and charitable institutions of the said minorities at
 
present existing in Turkey, and the Turkish Government will not
 
refuse, for the formation of new religious and charitable institu-
 
tions, any of the necessary facilities which are guaranteed to other
 
private institutions of that nature.<p>
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 43.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                            Turkish nationals belonging to non-Moslem minorities shall not
 
                                                  be compelled to perform any act which constitutes a violation of
 
                                                  their faith or religious observances, and shall not be placed under
 
                                                  any disability by reason of their refusal to attend Courts of Law
 
                                                  or to perform any legal business on their weekly day of rest.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                            This provision, however, shall not exempt such Turkish nationals from such obligations as shall be imposed upon all other
 
                                                    Turkish nationals for the preservation of public order.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 44.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                            Turkey agrees that, in so far as the preceding Articles of this
 
                                                    Section affect non-Moslem nationals of Turkey, these provisions
 
                                                    constitute obligations of international concern and shall be placed
 
                                                    under the guarantee of the League of Nations. They shall not be
 
                                                    modified without the assent of the majority of the Council of the
 
                                                    League of Nations. The British Empire, France, Italy and Japan
 
                                                    hereby agree not to withhold their assent to any modification in
 
                                                    these Articles which is in due form assented to by a majority of
 
                                                    the Council of the League of Nations.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                            Turkey agrees that any Member of the Council of the League
 
                                                    of Nations shall have the right to bring to the attention of the
 
                                                    Council any infraction or danger of infraction of any of these
 
                                                    obligations, and that the Council may thereupon take such action
 
                                                    and give such directions as it may deem proper and effective in the
 
                                                    circumstances.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                            Turkey further agrees that any difference of opinion as to
 
                                                    questions of law or of fact arising out of these Articles between the
 
                                                    Turkish Government and any one of the other Signatory Powers
 
                                                    or any other Power, a member of the Council of the League of
 
                                                    Nations, shall be held to be a dispute of an international character
 
                                                    under Article 14 of the Covenant of the League of Nations. The
 
                                                    Turkish Government hereby consents that any such dispute shall,
 
                                                    if the other party thereto demands, be referred to the Permanent
 
                                                    Court of International Justice. The decision of the Permanent
 
                                                    Court shall be final and shall have the same force and effect as an
 
                                                    award under Article 13 of the Covenant.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                    ARTICLE 45.<p>
 
                                                                   
 
                                                            The rights conferred by the provisions of the present Section
 
                                                    on the non-Moslem minorities of Turkey will be similarly conferred by Greece on the Moslem minority in her territory.<p>
 
  
  
              PART II.<br>
 
          FINANCIAL CLAUSES.<br>
 
              SECTION I.<br>
 
          OTTOMAN PUBLIC DEBT.<br>
 
         
 
              ARTICLE 46.<p>
 
             
 
      The Ottoman Public Debt, as defined in the Table annexed to
 
the present Section, shall be distributed under the conditions laid
 
down in the present Section between Turkey, the States in favour
 
of which territory has been detached from the Ottoman Empire
 
after the Balkan wars of 1912-13, the States to which the islands
 
referred to in Articles 12 and 15 of the present Treaty and the
 
territory referred to in the last paragraph of the present Article
 
have been attributed, and the States newly created in territories
 
in Asia which are detached from the Ottoman Empire under the
 
present Treaty. All the above St ates shall also participate, under
 
the conditions laid down in the present Section, in the annual
 
charges for the service of the Ottoman Public Debt from the dates
 
referred to in Article 53.<p>
 
  
      From the dates laid down in Article 53, Turkey shall not be
 
held in any way whatsoever responsible for the shares of the
 
Debt for which other States are liable.<p>
 
  
      For the purpose of the distribution of the Ottoman Public
 
Debt, that portion of the territory of Thrace which was under
 
Turkish sovereignty on the 1st August, 1914, and lies outside the
 
boundaries of Turkey as laid down by Article 2 of the present
 
Treaty, shall be deemed to be detached from the Ottoman
 
Empire under the said Treaty.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 47.<p>
 
             
 
      The Council of the Ottoman Public Debt shall, within three
 
months from the coming into force of the present Treaty, determine, on the basis laid down by Articles 50 and 51, the amounts
 
of the annuities for the loans referred to in Part A of the Table
 
annexed to the present Section which are payable by each
 
of the States concerned, and shall notify to them this amount.<p>
 
                                                    These States shall be granted an opportunity to send to
 
                                               
 
                                                    Constantinople delegates to check the calculations made for this
 
                                                    purpose by the Council of the Ottoman Public Debt.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          The Council of the Debt shall exercise the functions referred
 
                                                    to in Article 134 of the Treaty of Peace with Bulgaria of the
 
                                                    27th November, 1919.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          Any disputes which may arise between the parties concerned
 
                                                    as to the application of the principles laid down in the present
 
                                                    Article shall be referred, not more than one month after the
 
                                                    notification referred to in the first paragraph, to an arbitrator
 
                                                    whom the Council of the League of Nations will be asked to
 
                                                    appoint; this arbitrator shall give his decision within a period of
 
                                                    not more than three months. The remuneration of the arbitrator
 
                                                    shall be determined by the Council of the League of Nations, and
 
                                                    shall, together with the other expenses of the arbitration, be
 
                                                    borne by the parties concerned. The decisions of the arbitrator
 
                                                    shall be final. The payment of the annuities shall not be suspended by the reference of any disputes to the above-mentioned
 
                                                    arbitrator.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                    ARTICLE 48.<p>
 
                                                                   
 
                                                          The States, other than Turkey, among which the Ottoman
 
                                                    Public Debt, as defined in Part A of the Table annexed to this
 
                                                    Section is attributed, shall, within three months from the date on
 
                                                    which they are notified, in accordance with Article 47, of their
 
                                                    respective shares in the annual charges referred to in that Article,
 
                                                    assign to the Council of the Debt adequate security for the
 
                                                    payment of their share. If such security is not assigned within
 
                                                    the above-mentioned period, or in the case of any disagreement
 
                                                    as to the adequacy of the security assigned, any of the Governments signatory to the present Treaty shall be entitled to appeal
 
                                                    to the Council of the League of Nations.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          The Council of the League of Nations shall be empowered to
 
                                                    entrust the collection of the revenues assigned as security to
 
                                                    international financial organisations existing in the countries
 
                                                   
 
                                                    (other than Turkey) among which the Debt is distributed. The
 
                                                    decisions of the Council of the League of Nations shall be final.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                    ARTICLE 49<p>
 
                                                                   
 
                                                      Within one month from the date of the final determination
 
                                                    under Article 47 of the amount of the annuities for which each
 
                                                    of the States concerned is liable, a Commission shall meet in
 
  Paris to determine the method of carrying out the distribution
 
of the nominal capital of the Ottoman Public Debt as defined in
 
Part A of the Table annexed to this Section. This distribution
 
shall be made in accordance with the proportions adopted for the
 
division of the annuities, and account shall be taken of the
 
terms of the agreements governing the loans and of the provisions
 
of this Section.<p>
 
  
    The Commission referred to in the first paragraph shall consist
 
of a representative of the Turkish Government, a representative
 
of the Council of the Ottoman Public Debt, a representative of
 
the debt other than the Unified Debt and the Lots Turcs; each
 
of the Governments concerned shall also be entitled to appoint a
 
representative. All questions in regard to which the Commission
 
may be unable to reach agreement shall be referred to the arbitrator referred to in the fourth paragraph of Article 47.<p>
 
  
    If Turkey shall decide to create new securities in respect of her
 
share, the distribution of the capital of the Ottoman Public Debt
 
shall be made in the first instance as it affects Turkey by a
 
Committee consisting of the representative of the Turkish Government, the representative of the Council of the Ottoman
 
Public Debt and the representative of the debt other than the
 
Unified Debt and the Lots Turcs. The new securities shall be
 
delivered to the Commission, which shall ensure their delivery
 
to the bondholders upon such terms as will provide for the
 
release of Turkey from liability and the rights of the bondholders
 
towards the other States which are liable for a share of the Ottoman Public Debt. The securities issued in respect of the share
 
of each State in the Ottoman Public Debt shall be exempt in the
 
territory of the High Contracting Parties from all stamp duties
 
or other taxes which would be involved by such issue.<p>
 
  
    The payment of the annuities for which each of the States
+
concerned is liable shall not be postponed as a consequence of
 
the provisions of the present Article in regard to the distribution
 
of the nominal capital.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 50.<p>
 
             
 
    The distribution of the annual charges referred to in Article 47
 
and of the nominal capital of the Ottoman Public Debt mentioned
 
in Article 49 shall be effected in the following manner:<p>
 
  
  (1) The loans prior to the 17th October, 1912, and the annuities of such loans shall be distributed between the                                                        Ottoman Empire as it existed after the Balkan wars of
+
  SECTION I.  
                                                        1912-13, the Balkan States in favour of which territory
 
                                                        was detached from the Ottoman Empire after those
 
                                                        wars, and the States to which the islands referred to in
 
                                                        Articles 12 and 15 of the present Treaty have been
 
                                                        attributed; account shall be taken of the territorial
 
                                                        changes which have taken place after the coming into
 
                                                        force of the treaties which ended those wars or subsequent treaties.<p>
 
                                                       
 
                                                    (2) The residue of the loans for which the Ottoman Empire
 
                                                        remained liable after this first distribution and the
 
                                                        residue of the annuities of such loans, together with the
 
                                                        loans contracted by that Empire between the 17th
 
                                                        October, 1912, and the 1st November, 1914, and the
 
                                                        annuities of such loans shall be distributed between
 
                                                        Turkey, the newly created States in Asia in favour of
 
                                                        which a territory has been detached from the Ottoman
 
                                                        Empire under the present Treaty, and the State to
 
                                                        which the territory referred to in the last paragraph of
 
                                                        Article 46 of the said Treaty has been attributed.<p>
 
                                                       
 
                                                        The distribution of the capital shall in the case of each loan be
 
                                                    based on the capital amount outstanding at the date of the coming
 
                                                    into force of the present Treaty.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                    ARTICLE 51 .<p>
 
                                                                   
 
                                                          The amount of the share in the annual charges of the Ottoman
 
                                                    Public Debt for which each State concerned is liable in conse-
 
                                                    quence of the distribution provided for by Article 50 shall be
 
                                                    determined as follows:<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                      (I) As regards the distribution provided for by Article 50 (1),
 
                                                     
 
                                                          in the first place the share of the islands referred to in
 
                                                          Articles 12 and 15 and of the territories detached from
 
                                                          the Ottoman Empire after the Balkan wars, taken
 
                                                          together, shall be fixed. The amount of this share shall
 
                                                          bear the same proportion to the total sum of the
 
                                                          annuities to be distributed in accordance with Article
 
                                                          50 (1) as the average total revenue of the above
 
                                                          mentioned islands and territories, taken as a whole, bore
 
                                                          to the average total revenue of the Ottoman Empire in
 
        the financial years 1910-1911 and 1911-1912, including
 
    the proceeds of the customs surtaxes established in 1907.<p>
 
   
 
          The amount thus determined shall then be distributed
 
    among the States to which the territories referred to in
 
    the preceding paragraph have been attributed, and the
 
    share for which each of these States will thus be made
 
    liable shall bear the same proportion to the total
 
    amount so distributed as the average total revenue of
 
    the territory attributed to each State bore in the
 
    financial years 1910-11 and 1911-12 to the average
 
    total revenue of the territories detached from the
 
    Ottoman Empire after the Balkan Wars and the islands
 
    referred to in Articles 12 and 15. In calculating the
 
    revenues referred to in this paragraph, customs revenues
 
    shall be excluded.<p>
 
   
 
(2) As regards the territories detached from the Ottoman
 
    Empire under the present Treaty (including the territory referred to in the last paragraph of Article 46),
 
    the amount of the share of each State concerned shall
 
    bear the same proportion to the total sum of the annuities to be distributed in accordance with Article 50
 
    (2) as the average total revenue of the detached territory
 
    (including the proceeds of the Customs surtax established in 1907) for the financial years 1910-11 and 1911-12 bore to the average total revenue of the Ottoman
 
    Empire, excluding the territories and islands referred
 
    to in paragraph (I) of this Article.<p>
 
   
 
              ARTICLE 52.<p>
 
             
 
    The advances referred to in Part B of the Table annexed to
 
the present Section shall be distributed between Turkey and the
 
other States referred to in Article 46 under the following conditions:<p>
 
  
(I) As regards the advances referred to in the Table which
 
    existed on the 17th October, 1912, the capital amount,
 
    if any, outstanding at the date of the coming into force
 
    of the present Treaty, together with the interest from
 
    the dates mentioned in the first paragraph of Article 53
 
    and the repayments made since those dates, shall be
 
    distributed in accordance with the provisions of Article
 
    50 (I) and Article 51 (1).<p>
 
   
 
                                                      (2) As regards the amounts for which the Ottoman Empire
 
                                                          remains liable after the first distribution and the
 
                                                          advances referred to in the Table which were contracted by the said Empire between the 17th October,
 
                                                          1912, and the 1st November, 1914, the capital amount,
 
                                                          if any, outstanding at the date of the coming into
 
                                                          force of the present Treaty, together with the interest
 
                                                          from the 1st March, 1920, and the repayments made
 
                                                          since that date, shall be distributed in accordance with
 
                                                          the provisions of Article 50 (2) and Article 51 (2).<p>
 
                                                         
 
                                                          The Council of the Ottoman Public Debt shall, within three
 
                                                    months from the coming into force of the present Treaty, determine the amount of the share in these advances for which each
 
                                                    of the States concerned is liable, and notify them of such amount.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          The sums for which States other than Turkey are liable shall
 
                                                    be paid by those States to the Council of the Debt and shall be
 
                                                    paid by the Council to the creditors, or credited to the Turkish
 
                                                    Government up to the amount paid by Turkey, by way of
 
                                                    interest or repayment, for the account of those States.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          The payments referred to in the preceding paragraph shall be
 
                                                    made by five equal annuities from the coming into force of the
 
                                                    present Treaty. Such portion of these payments as is payable to
 
                                                    the creditors of the Ottoman Empire shall bear interest at the
 
                                                    rates laid down in the contracts governing the advances; the
 
                                                    portion to be credited to the Turkish Government shall be paid
 
                                                    without interest.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                    ARTICLE 53.<p>
 
                                                                   
 
                                                          The annuities for the service of the loans of the Ottoman Public
 
                                                    Debt (as defined in Part A of the Table annexed to this Section)
 
                                                    due by the States in favour of which a territory has been detached
 
                                                    from the Ottoman Empire after the Balkan wars, shall be payable
 
                                                    as from the coming into force of the treaties by which the respective territories were transferred to those States. In the case of
 
                                                    the islands referred to in Article 12, the annuity shall be payable
 
                                                    as from the 1st/14th November, 1913, and, in the case of the
 
                                                    islands referred to in Article 15, as from the 17th October, 1912.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          The annuities due by the States newly created in territories in
 
                                                    Asia detached from the Ottoman Empire under the present
 
                                                    Treaty, and by the State to which the territory referred to in
 
the last paragraph of Article 46 has been attributed, shall be
 
payable as from the 1st March, 1920.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 54.<p>
 
             
 
      The Treasury Bills of 1911, 1912 and 1913 included in Part A
 
of the Table annexed to this Section shall be repaid, with interest
 
at the agreed rate, within ten years from the dates fixed by the
 
contracts.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 55.<p>
 
           
 
      The States referred to in Article 46, including Turkey, shall
 
pay to the Ottoman Debt Council the amount of the annuities
 
required for the service of their share of the Ottoman Public
 
Debt (as defined in Part A of the Table annexed to this Section)
 
to the extent that such annuities have remained unpaid as from
 
the dates laid down by Article 53. This payment shall be made,
 
without interest, by means of twenty equal annuities from the
 
coming into force of the present Treaty.<p>
 
  
      The amount of the annuities paid to the Council of the Debt by
 
the States other than Turkey shall, to the extent that they
 
represent payments made by Turkey for the account of those
 
States, be credited to Turkey on account of the arrears with which
 
she is debited.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 56.<p>
 
             
 
      The Council of the Administration of the Ottoman Public Debt
 
shall no longer include delegates of the German, Austrian and
 
Hungarian bondholders.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 57.<p>
 
             
 
      Limits of time fixed for the presentation of coupons of or claims
 
for interest upon the loans and advances of the Ottoman Public
 
Debt and the Turkish Loans of 1855, 1891 and 1894 secured on the
 
Egyptian tribute, and the limits of time fixed for the presentation
 
of securities of these loans drawn for repayment, shall, on the
 
territory of the High Contracting Parties, be considered as
 
having been suspended from the 29th October, 1914, until
 
three months after the coming into force of the present Treaty.<p>
 
  
  
                                                            <center><b>ANNEX I TO SECTION I.</center>
 
<center>              Table of the Ottoman Pre-War Public Debt (November 1, 1914).</center>
 
                                                  <center>                Part A</b>.</center>
 
<br>
 
............................................. Date of .....................................Date of Re-..........................<br>
 
Loan.......................................Contract ..........Interest...............demption..........Bank of Issue<br>
 
.1.................................................2.....................3.......................... 4.......................5..........<br>
 
......................................................................... %................................................................<br>
 
<hr>                                                       
 
Unified Debt.............................1-14.9.1903--.......4...............................................................<br>
 
.................................................8-21.6.1906........................................................................<p>
 
Lots turcs..................................5.1.1870.............................................................................<p>
 
  
Osmanie...................................18-30.4.1890........4......................1931.........Imperial Ottoman Bank <p>
+
I. TERRITORIAL CLAUSES.  
  
Tombac priority........................26.4-8.5.1893.......4......................1954.........Imperial Ottoman Bank <p>
 
  
40,000,000fr<br>
 
(Oriental Railways)...................I-13.3.1894...........4......................1957..........Deutsche Bank<br>
 
....................................................................................................................and its group,<br>
 
....................................................................................................................Including International<br>
 
................................................................................................................... Bank and two French<br>
 
....................................................................................................................banks.<p>
 
                                                   
 
5%, 1896.................................29.2-12.3.1896........5....................1946...........Imperial Ottoman Bank<p>
 
  
Customs, 1902.........................17-29.5.1886-..........4....................1958..........Imperial Ottoman Bank<br>
 
..............................................28.9-11.10.1902............................................................          <p>
 
  
4%, 1903  (Fisheries)................3.10.1888-21.2-.......4....................1958..........Deutsche Bank<br>
 
.................................................6.3.1903.<p>
 
  
Bagdad, Series 1......................20.2-5.3.1903...........4.....................2001..........Deutsche Bank<p>
 
  
4%, 1904..................................4-17.9.1903.............4.....................1960..........Imperial Ottoman Bank<p>
 
  
4%, 1901-1905........................21.11-4.12.1901-.....4....................1961.........Imperial Ottoman Bank<br>
 
..................................................6.11.1903-25.4-            <br>
 
..................................................8.5.1905<p>
 
                                                                 
 
Tedjhizat-Askerie.......................4-17.4.1905...........4.......................1961.........Deutsche Bank<p>
 
  
Bagdad, Series II......................20.5-2.6.1908..........4.......................2006.........Deutsche Bank<p>
 
  
Bagdad, Series III.....................20.5-2.6.1908..........4.......................2010.........Deutsche Bank<p>
 
  
4%, 1908...................................6-19.9.1908............4.......................1965.........Imperial Ottoman Bank<p>
 
                                                     
 
4%, 1909..................................30.9-13.10.1909......4.......................1950.........Imperial Ottoman Bank<p>
 
  
Soma-Panderma........................20.11-3.12.1910.....4........................1992.........Imperial Ottoman Bank<p>
 
  
Hodeida-Sanaa..........................24.2-9.3.1911.........4........................2006.........Banque francaise<p>
+
ARTICLE 2.  
  
Customs 1911...........................27.10-9.11.1910.....4.........................1952.........Deutsche Bank<br>
 
.............................................................................................................................and its group<p>
 
  
Plain of Koniah............................5-18.1913.........................................1932...................<br>
 
irrigation<p>
 
  
Docks, arsenals..........................19.11-2 12.1913.....5 1/2....................1943...................<br>
 
and naval constructions<p>
 
  
5%, 1914...................................13-26.4.1914..........5..........................(1962)......Imperial Ottoman Bank<p>
 
  
Avance R&eacute;gie.........................4.8.1913.........................................................................<br>
 
des Tabacs <p>
 
  
Treasury Bills,..............................13-7.1911.............5...........................1916*.........National Bank<br>
 
5% 1911 (purchase of warships)..............................................................................of  Turkey<br>
 
  
Treasury Bills, Imperial.................8.21.11.1912.........6...........................1915*........ Imperial <br> ...........................................................................................................................Ottoman Bank<p>
 
  
Treasury Bills,.............................19.1-1.2.1913........5............................1918*.......P&eacute;rier<br>
 
1913 (induding the bills issued directly) ..............................................................and Co.<p>
 
 
   
 
   
---------------------------------------------------<br>
 
*See Article 54.<p>
 
 
 
  
  
 +
From the Black Sea to the &AElig;:gean the frontier of Turkey is laid
  
<center><b>          Part B.</center></b>
 
<p>                     
 
..........................................Date..........................................................................Original Nominal <br>
 
Advance............................of Contract .............................Interest........................Capital &#163; T.<p>
 
<hr>
 
Bagdad Railway Company....3/16 June, 1908..........................7..................................300,000<br>
 
Lighthouse Administration......5/18 August, 1904....................8....................................55,000<br>
 
Lighthouse Administration......5/18 July, 1907.........................7..................................300,000<br>
 
Constanza Cable Company....27/9 October, 1904....................4.....................................17,335<br>
 
Tunnel Company..........................................................................................................3,000<br>
 
Orphan's Fund........................Various dates...............................................................153,147<br>
 
Deutsche Bank......................13/26 August, 1912..................5.5..................................33,000<br>
 
Lighthouse Administration........3/16 April, 1913.......................7...................................500,000 <br>
 
Anatolia Railway Company.....23/5 March, 1914......................6...................................200,000<br>
 
  
<p>
+
down as follows:
  
                                                                  SECTION II.<br>
 
                                                              MISCELLANEOUS CLAUSES.<br>
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 58.<p>
 
                                                             
 
                                                          Turkey, on the one hand, and the other Contracting Powers
 
                                                    (except Greece) on the other hand, reciprocally renounce all
 
                                                    pecuniary claims for the loss and damage suffered respectively by
 
                                                    Turkey and the said Powers and by their nationals (including
 
                                                    juridical persons) between the 1st August, 1914, and the coming
 
                                                    into force of the present Treaty, as the result of acts of war or
 
                                                    measures of requisition, sequestration, disposal or confiscation.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          Nevertheless, the above provisions are without prejudice to the
 
                                                    provisions of Part III (Economic Clauses) of the present Treaty.<p>
 
                                                          Turkey renounces in favour of the other Contracting Parties
 
                                                    (except Greece) any right in the sums in gold transferred by
 
                                                    Germany and Austria under Article 259 (I) of the Treaty of Peace
 
                                                    of the 28th June, I9I9, with Germany, and under Article 210 (I)
 
                                                    of the Treaty of Peace of the 10th September, 1919, with Austria.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          The Council of the Administration of the Ottoman Public
 
                                                    Debt is freed from all liability to make the payments which it
 
                                                    was required to make by the Agreement of the 20th June, 1331
 
                                                    (3rd July, 1915) relating to the first issue of Turkish currency
 
                                                    notes or by the words inscribed on the back of such notes.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          Turkey also agrees not to claim from the British Government
 
                                                    or its nationals the repayment of the sums paid for the warships
 
                                                    ordered in England by the Ottoman Government which were
 
                                                    requisitioned by the British Government in 1914, and renounces
 
                                                    all claims in the matter.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                    ARTICLE 59.<p>
 
                                                                   
 
                                                          Greece recognises her obligation to make reparation for the
 
                                                    damage caused in Anatolia by the acts of the Greek army or
 
                                                    administration which were contrary to the laws of war.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          On the other hand, Turkey, in consideration of the financial
 
                                                    situation of Greece resulting from the prolongation of the war
 
                                                    and from its consequences, finally renounces all claims for reparation against the Greek Government.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                    ARTICLE 60.<p>
 
                                                                   
 
                                                          The States in favour of which territory was or is detached from
 
                                                      the Ottoman Empire after the Balkan wars or by the present
 
  Treaty shall acquire, without payment, all the property and
 
possessions of the Ottoman Empire situated therein.<p>
 
  
    It is understood that the property and possessions of which the
+
(I) With Bulgaria:
transfer from the Civil List to the State was laid down by the
 
Irades of the 26th August, 1324 (8th September, I908) and the
 
20th April, 1325 (2nd May, I909), and also those which, on the
 
30th October, 1918, were administered by the Civil List for the
 
benefit of a public service, are included among the property and
 
possessions referred to in the preceding paragraph, the aforesaid
 
States being subrogated to the Ottoman Empire in regard to the
 
property and possessions in question. The Wakfs created on such
 
property shall be maintained.<p>
 
  
      The dispute which has arisen between the Greek and Turkish
 
Governments relating to property and possessions which have
 
passed from the Civil List to the State and are situated in
 
territories of the former Ottoman Empire transferred to Greece
 
either after the Balkan wars, or subsequently, shall be referred
 
to an arbitral tribunal at The Hague, in accordance with the
 
special protocol No. 2 annexed to the Treaty of Athens of the
 
1st-4th November, 1913. The terms of reference shall be
 
settled between the two Governments.<p>
 
  
      The provisions of this Article will not modify the juridical
 
nature of the property and possessions registered in the name of
 
the Civil List or administered by it, which are not referred to in
 
the second and third paragraphs above.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 61.<p>
 
             
 
      The recipients of Turkish civil and military pensions who
 
acquire under the present Treaty the nationality of a State other
 
than Turkey, shall have no claim against the Turkish Government
 
in respect of their pensions.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 62.<p>
 
             
 
      Turkey recognises the transfer of any claims to payment or
 
repayment which Germany, Austria, Bulgaria or Hungary may
 
have against her, in accordance with Article 261 of the Treaty of
 
Peace concluded at Versailles on the 28th June, 1919, with
 
Germany, and the corresponding articles of the Treaties of Peace
 
of the l0th September, 1919, with Austria; of the 27th November,
 
1919, with Bulgaria; and of the 4th June, 1920 with Hungary.<p>
 
  
                                                          The other Contracting Powers agree to release Turkey from the
 
                                                    debts for which she is liable on this account.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          The claims which Turkey has against Germany, Austria,
 
                                                    Bulgaria and Hungary, are also transferred to the aforesaid
 
                                                    Contracting Powers.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                    ARTICLE 63.<p>
 
                                                                   
 
                                                          The Turkish Government, in agreement with the other
 
                                                    Contracting Powers, hereby releases the German Government
 
                                                    from the obligation incurred by it during the war to accept
 
                                                    Turkish Government currency notes at a specified rate of exchange in payment for goods to be exported to Turkey from
 
                                                    Germany after the war.<p>
 
              PART III.<br>
 
          ECONOMIC CLAUSES.<br>
 
         
 
              ARTICLE 64.<p>
 
             
 
    In this part, the expression "Allied Powers" means the Contracting Powers other than Turkey.<p>
 
  
    The term "Allied nationals" includes physical persons, companies and associations of the Contracting Powers other than
 
Turkey, or of a State or territory under the protection of one of
 
the said Powers.<p>
 
  
    The provisions of this Part relating to "Allied nationals"
 
shall benefit persons who without having the nationality of one
 
of the Allied Powers, have, in consequence of the protection which
 
they in fact enjoyed at the hands of these Powers, received from
 
the Ottoman authorities the same treatment as Allied nationals
 
and have, on this account, been prejudiced.<p>
 
  
              SECTION I.<br>
+
From the mouth of the River Rezvaya, to the River Maritza,  
    PROPERTY, RIGHTS AND INTERESTS.<br>
 
   
 
              ARTICLE 65.<p>
 
             
 
    Property, rights and interests which still exist and can be
 
identified in territories remaining Turkish at the date of the
 
coming into force of the present Treaty, and which belong to
 
persons who on the 29th October, 1914, were Allied nationals,
 
shall be immediately restored to the owners in their existing state.<p>
 
  
    Reciprocally, property, rights and interests which still exist
 
and can be identified in territories subject to the sovereignty or
 
protectorate of the Allied Powers on the 29th October, 1914, or in
 
territories detached from the Ottoman Empire after the Balkan
 
wars and subject to-day to the sovereignty of any such Power,
 
and which belong to Turkish nationals, shall be immediately
 
restored to the owners in their existing state. The same provision
 
shall apply to property, rights and interests which belong to
 
Turkish nationals in territories detached from the Ottoman
 
Empire under the present Treaty, and which may have been
 
subjected to liquidation or any other exceptional measure
 
whatever on the part of the authorities of the Allied Powers.<p>
 
  
                                                        All property, rights and interests situated in territory detached
+
the point of junction of the three frontiers of Turkey, Bulgaria and  
                                                    from the Ottoman Empire under the present Treaty, which, after
 
                                                    having been subjected by the Ottoman Government to an exceptional war measure, are now in the hands of the Contracting Power
 
                                                    exercising authority over the said territory, and which can be
 
                                                    identified, shall be restored to their legitimate owners, in their
 
                                                    existing state. The same provision shall apply to immovable
 
                                                    property which may have been liquidated by the Contracting
 
                                                    Power exercising authority over the said territory. All other
 
                                                    claims between individuals shall be submitted to the competent
 
                                                    local courts.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                        All disputes relating to the identity or the restitution of property to which a claim is made shall be submitted to the Mixed
 
                                                    Arbitral Tribunal provided for in Section V of this Part.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                    ARTICLE 66.<p>
 
                                                                   
 
                                                        In order to give effect to the provisions of the first and second
 
                                                    paragraphs of Article 65 the High Contracting Parties will, by
 
                                                    the most rapid procedure, restore the owners to the possession of
 
                                                    their property, rights and interests free from any burdens or encumbrances with which such property, rights and interests may
 
                                                    have been charged without the consent of the said owners. It will
 
                                                    be the duty of the Government of the Power effecting the restitution to provide for the compensation of third parties who may
 
                                                    have acquired the property directly or indirectly from the said
 
                                                    Government and who may be injured by this restitution. Disputes which may arise in connection with such compensation shall
 
                                                    be dealt with by the ordinary courts.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                        In all other cases it will be open to any third parties who may
 
                                                    be injured to take action against whoever is responsible, in order
 
                                                    to obtain compensation.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                        In order to give effect to these provisions all acts of transfer or
 
                                                    other exceptional war measures, which the High Contracting
 
                                                    Parties may have carried out in respect of enemy property, rights
 
                                                    and interests, shall be immediately cancelled and stayed when
 
                                                    liquidation has not yet been completed. Owners who make claims
 
                                                    shall be satisfied by the immediate restitution of their property,
 
                                                    rights and interests as soon as these shall have been identified.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                        When at the date of the signature of the present Treaty the
 
                                                    property, rights and interests, the restitution of which is provided
 
                                                    for in Article 65. have been liquidated by the authorities of one of
 
the High Contracting Parties, that Party shall be discharged
 
from the obligation to restore the said property, rights and interests by payment of the proceeds of the liquidation to the owner.
 
If, on application being made by the owner, the Mixed Arbitral
 
Tribunal provided for by Section V finds that the liquidation was
 
not effected in such conditions as to ensure the realisation of a fair
 
price, it will have the power, in default of agreement between the
 
parties, to order the addition to the proceeds of the liquidation of
 
such amount as it shall consider equitable. The said property,
 
rights and interests shall be restored if the payment is not made
 
within two months from the agreement with the owner or from
 
the decision of the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal mentioned above.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 67.<p>
 
             
 
    Greece, Roumania and the Serb-Croat-Slovene State on the one
 
hand, and Turkey on the other hand undertake mutually to
 
facilitate, both by appropriate administrative measures and by the
 
delivery of all documents relating thereto, the search on their
 
territory for, and the restitution of, movable property of every
 
kind taken away, seized or sequestrated by their armies or administrations in the territory of Turkey, or in the territory of
 
Greece, Roumania or the Serb-Croat-Slovene State respectively,
 
which are actually within the territories in question.<p>
 
  
    Such search and restitution will take place also as regards
+
Greece:
property of the nature referred to above seized or sequestrated by
 
German, Austro-Hungarian or Bulgarian armies or administrations in the territory of Greece, Roumania or the Serb-Croat-Slovene State, which has been assigned to Turkey or to her nationals, as well as to property seized or sequestrated by the Greek,
 
Roumanian or Serbian armies in Turkish territory, which has been
 
assigned to Greece, Roumania or the Serb-Croat-Slovene State or
 
to their nationals.<p>
 
  
    Applications relating to such search and restitution must be
 
made within six months from the coming into force of the present
 
Treaty.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 68.<p>
 
             
 
  Debts arising out of contracts concluded, in districts in Turkey
 
occupied by the Greek army, between the Greek authorities and
 
administrations on the one hand and Turkish nationals on the
 
other, shall be paid by the Greek Government in accordance with
 
the provisions of the said contracts.<p>
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 69.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                      No charge, tax or surtax to which, by virtue of the privileges
 
                                                    which they enjoyed on the 1st August, 1914, Allied nationals and
 
                                                    their property were not subject, shall be collected from Allied
 
                                                    subjects or their property in respect of the financial years earlier
 
                                                    than the financial year 1922-23.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                      If any sums have been collected after the 15th May, 1923, in
 
                                                    respect of financial years earlier than the financial year 1922-l923,
 
                                                    the amount shall be refunded to the persons concerned, as soon as
 
                                                    the present Treaty comes into force.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                      No claim for repayment shall be made as regards sums encashed
 
                                                    before the 15th May, 1923.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 70.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                      Claims based on Articles 65, 66 and 69 must be lodged with the
 
                                                    competent authorities within six months, and, in default of agreement, with the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal within twelve months,
 
                                                    from the coming into force of the present Treaty.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 7I.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                      The British Empire, France, [taly, Roumania and the Serb-Croat-Slovene State or their nationals having begun claims or
 
                                                    suits with regard to their property, rights and interests against the
 
                                                    Ottoman Government before the 29th October, 1914, the provisions of this Section will not prejudice such claims or suits.<p>
 
                                                    Claims or suits begun against the British, French, Italian, Roumanian or Serb-Croat-Slovene Governments by the Ottoman
 
                                                    Government or its nationals will similarly not be prejudiced.
 
                                                    These claims or suits will be continued against the Turkish
 
                                                    Government and against the other Governments mentioned in
 
                                                    this Article under the conditions existing before the 29th October,
 
                                                    I9I4, due regard being had to the abolition of the Capitulations.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                    ARTICLE 72.<p>
 
                                                                   
 
                                                      In the territories which remain Turkish by virtue of the present
 
                                                    Treaty, property, rights and interests belonging to Germany,
 
                                                    Austria, Hungary and Bulgaria or to their nationals, which before
 
                                                    the coming into force of the present Treaty have been seized or
 
                                                    occupied by the Allied Governments, shall remain in the possession
 
                                                    of tlxese Governments until the conclusion of arrangements between them and the German, Austrian, Hungarian and Bulgarian
 
Governments or their nationals who are concerned. If the above-mentioned property, rights and interests have been liquidated,
 
such liquidation is confirmed.<p>
 
  
      In the territories detached from Turkey under the present
 
Treaty, the Governments exercising authority there shall have
 
power, within one year from the coming into force of the present
 
Treaty, to liquidate the property, rights and interests belonging
 
to Germany, Austria, Hungary and Bulgaria or to their nationals.<p>
 
  
      The proceeds of liquidations, whether they have already been
 
carried out or not, shall be paid to the Reparation Commission
 
established by the Treaty of Peace concluded with the States
 
concerned, if the property liquidated belongs to the German,
 
Austrian, Hungarian or Bulgarian State. In the case of liquidation of private property, the proceeds of liquidation shall be paid
 
to the owners direct.<p>
 
  
      The provisions of this Article do not apply to Ottoman limited
 
Companies.<p>
 
  
      The Turkish Government shall be in no way responsible for the
 
measures referred to in the present Article.<p>
 
  
            SECTION II .<br>
 
CONTRACTS, PRESCRIPTIONS AND JUDGMENTS.<br>
 
              ARTICLE 73.<p>
 
  
      The following classes of contracts concluded, before the date
+
the southern frontier of Bulgaria as at present demarcated;
mentioned in Article 82, between persons who thereafter became
 
enemies as defined in that Article, remain in force subject to the
 
provisions of the contracts and to the stipulations of the present
 
Treaty:<p>
 
  
(a) Contracts for the sale of real property, even if all formalities may not have been concluded, provided that delivery did in fact take place before the date on which the
 
    parties became enemies as defined in Article 82.<p>
 
   
 
(b) Leases and agreements for leases of land and houses
 
    entered into between individuals.<p>
 
   
 
(c) Contracts between individuals regarding the exploitation
 
    of mines, forests or agricultural estates.<p>
 
   
 
(d) Contracts of mortgage, pledge or lien.<p>
 
 
(e) Contracts constituting companies, excepting "societes en 'nom collectif' " which do not constitute, under the law to which they are subject, an entity separate from that of
 
                                                        the persons of which they are composed (partnerships).<p>
 
                                                       
 
                                                    (f) Contracts, whatever may be their purpose, concluded
 
                                                        between individuals or companies and the State,
 
                                                        provinces, municipalities or other similar juridical
 
                                                        persons charged with administrative functions.<p>
 
                                                       
 
                                                    (g) Contracts relating to family status.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                    (h) Contracts relating to gifts or bounties of any kind whatever.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                        This Article cannot be invoked in order to give to contracts a
 
                                                  validity different from that which they had in themselves when
 
                                                  they were concluded.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                    It does not apply to concessionary contracts.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 74.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                        Insurance contracts are governed by the provisions of the
 
                                                  Annex to this Section.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 75.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                        Contracts other than those specified in Articles 73 and 74 and
 
                                                  other than concessionary contracts, which were entered into
 
                                                  between persons who subsequently became enemies, shall be
 
                                                  considered as having been annulled as from the date on which
 
                                                  the parties became enemies.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                        Nevertheless, either of the parties to the contract shall have
 
                                                  power, within three months from the coming into force of the
 
                                                  present Treaty, to require the execution of the contract, on condition of paying, where the circumstances demand it, to the other
 
                                                  party compensation calculated according to the difference between the conditions prevailing at the time when the contract was
 
                                                  concluded and those prevailing at the time when its maintenance
 
                                                  is required. In default of agreement between the parties, this
 
                                                  compensation shall be fixed by the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 76.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                        The validity of all compromises entered into before the coming
 
                                                    into force of the present Treatybetween nationals of the Contracting Powers, parties to contracts specified in Articles 73 to 75,
 
                                                    particularly those providing for the cancellation, the maintenance,
 
                                                    the methods of execution, or the modification of such contracts,
 
                                                    including agreements relating to the currency of payment or the
 
                                                    rate of exchange, is confirmed.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                ARTICLE 77.<p>
 
             
 
      Contracts between Allied and Turkish nationals concluded
 
after the 30th October, I918, remain in force and will be governed
 
by the ordinary law.<p>
 
  
      Contracts duly concluded with the Constantinople Government between the 30th October, I9I8, and the I6th March, I920, also remain in force and will be governed by the ordinary law.<p>
 
  
      All contracts and arrangements duly concluded after the 16th
 
March, I920, with the Constantinople Government concerning
 
territories which remained under the effective control of the said
 
Government, shall be submitted to the Grand National Assembly
 
of Turkey for approval, if the parties concerned make application
 
within three months from the coming into force of the present
 
Treaty. Payments made under such contracts shall be duly
 
credited to the party who has made them.<p>
 
  
      If approval is not granted, the party concerned shall, if the
 
circumstances demand it, be entitled to compensation corresponding to the direct loss which has been actually suffered; such compensation, in default of an amicable agreement, shall be fixed by
 
the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal.<p>
 
  
      The provisions of this Article are not applicable either to
 
concessionary contracts or to transfers of concessions.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 78.<p>
 
             
 
      All disputes which already exist, or may arise within the period
 
of six months mentioned below, relating to contracts, other than
 
concessionary contracts, between parties who subsequently became enemies, shall be determined by the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal, with the exception of disputes which, in accordance with
 
the laws of neutral Powers are within the competence of the national courts of those Powers. In the latter case, such disputes
 
shall be determined by the said national courts, to the exclusion
 
of the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal. Applications relating to disputes which, under this Article, are within the competence of the
 
Mixed Arbitral Tribunal, must be presented to the said Tribunal
 
within a period of six months from the date of its establishment.<p>
 
  
      After the expiration of this period, disputes which have not
 
been submitted to the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal shall be determined by the competent courts in accordance with the ordinary law.<p>
 
  
The provisions of this Article do not apply to cases in which
+
(2) With Greece:
                                                  all the parties to the contract resided in the same country during
+
 
                                                  the war and there freely disposed of their persons and their
+
 
                                                  property, nor to disputes in respect of which judgment was given
 
                                                  by a competent court before the date on which the parties became
 
                                                  enemies.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 79.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                          All periods whatever of prescription or limitation of right of
 
                                                    action, whether they began to run before or after the outbreak of
 
                                                    war, shall be treated, in the territory of the High Contracting
 
                                                    Parties so far as regards relations between enemies, as having been
 
                                                    suspended from the 29th October, I9I4, until the expiration of
 
                                                    three months after the coming into force of the present Treaty.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          This provision applies, in particular, to periods of time allowed
 
                                                    for the presentation of interest or dividend coupons, or for the
 
                                                    presentation for payment of securities drawn for redemption or
 
                                                    repayable on any other ground.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          As regards Roumania, the above-mentioned periods shall be
 
                                                    considered as having been suspended as from the 27th August
 
                                                    19I6.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 80.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                          As between enemies no negotiable instrument made before the
 
                                                    war shall be deemed to have become invalid by reason only of
 
                                                    failure within the required time to present the instrument for
 
                                                    acceptance or payrnent, or to give notice of non-acceptance or
 
                                                    non-payment to drawers or endorsers, or to protest the instrument, nor by reason of failure to complete any formality during
 
                                                    the war.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          When the period within which a negotiable instrument should
 
                                                    have been presented for acceptance or payment, or within which
 
                                                    notice of non-acceptance or non-payment should have been given
 
                                                    to the drawers or endorsers, or within which the instrument should
 
                                                    have been protested, has expired during the war, and when the
 
                                                    party who should have presented or protested the instrument or
 
                                                    given notice of non-acceptance or non-payment, has failed to do so
 
                                                    during the war, a period of three months from the coming into
 
                                                    force of the present Treaty shall be allowed within which the
 
                                                    presentation, notice of non-acceptance or non-payment, or protest may be made.<p>
 
                ARTICLE 8I.<p>
 
               
 
          Sales effected during the war in order to realise pledges or mortgages created before the war as security for debts which have become payable, shall be deemed valid, although it may not have
 
been possible to perform all the formalities required for notifying
 
the debtor, subject to the express right of the said debtor to
 
summon the creditor before the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal to
 
render accounts, failing which the creditor will be liable to be cast
 
in damages.<p>
 
  
          It shall be the duty of the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal to settle the
 
accounts between the parties, to investigate the conditions under
 
which the property pledged or mortgaged was sold, and to order
 
the creditor to make good any loss suffered by the debtor as a
 
result of the sale if the creditor acted in bad faith or if he did not
 
take all steps in his power to avoid having recourse to a sale or to
 
cause the sale to be conducted in such conditions as to ensure the
 
realisation of a fair price.<p>
 
  
          The present provision is applicable only between enemies and
 
does not extend to transactions referred to above which may
 
have been carried out after the Ist May, 1923.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 82.<p>
 
             
 
        For the purposes of the present Section, the parties to a contract
 
shall be regarded as enemies from the date on which trading
 
between them became impossible in fact or was prohibited or
 
became unlawful under laws, orders or regulations to which
 
one of the parties was subject.<p>
 
  
          By way of exception to Articles 73-75, 79 and 80, contracts
 
shall be governed by the ordinary law if they were concluded
 
within the territory of one of the High Contracting Parties
 
between enemies (including companies) or their agents, if this
 
territory was an enemy country for one of the contracting parties
 
who remained there during the war and was there able to dispose
 
freely of his person and property.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 83.<p>
 
             
 
          The provisions of this Section do not apply between Japan and
 
Turkey; matters dealt with in this Section shall, in both of these
 
countries, be determined in accordance with the local law.<p>
 
                                                              ANNEX.<br>
 
                                                          I. LIFE ASSURANCE.<br>
 
                                                          Paragraph I.<p>
 
                                                         
 
                                                        Life assurance contracts entered into between an insurer and
 
                                              a person who subsequently became an enemy shall not be deemed
 
                                              to have been dissolved by the outbreak of war or by the fact of
 
                                              the person becoming an enemy.<p>
 
                                             
 
                                                        Every sum which, during the war, became due upon a contract
 
                                              deemed not to have been dissolved in accordance with the
 
                                              preceding paragraph, shall be recoverable after the war. This
 
                                              sum shall be increased by interest at 5 per cent. per annum from
 
                                              the date of its becoming due up to the day of payment.<p>
 
                                             
 
                                                        If the contract has lapsed during the war, owing to non-payment of premiums or has become void from breach of the conditions of the contract, the assured, or his representatives, or the
 
                                              persons entitled, shall have the right at any moment within
 
                                              twelve months from the coming into force of the present Treaty
 
                                              to claim from the insurer the surrender value of the policy at
 
                                              the date of its lapse or annulation, together with interest at
 
                                              5 per cent. per annum.<p>
 
                                             
 
                                                        Turkish nationals whose life insurance contracts entered into
 
                                              before the 29th October, 1914, have been cancelled or reduced
 
                                              before the Treaty for non-payment of premiums in accordance
 
                                              with the provisions of the said contracts, shall have the right,
 
                                              within three months from the coming into force of the present
 
                                              Treaty, if they are still alive, to restore their policies for the
 
                                              whole of the amount assured. For this purpose they must, after
 
                                              having undergone a medical examination by the doctor of the
 
                                              company, the result of which the company considers satisfactory,
 
                                              pay the premiums in arrear with compound interest at 5 per cent.<p>
 
                                             
 
                                                              Paragraph 2.<p>
 
                                                             
 
                                                        It is understood that life assurance contracts in money other
 
                                              than the Turkish pound, entered into before the 29th October,
 
                                              19I4, between companies possessing the nationality of an Allied
 
                                              Power and Turkish nationals, in respect of which the premiums
 
                                              have been paid before and after the 18th November, 1915, or
 
                                              even only before that date, shall be regulated, first, by determining the rights of the assured in accordance with the general
 
conditions of the policy for the period before the 18th November,
 
1915, in the currency stipulated in the contract at the current
 
rate in its country of origin (for example, every amount stipulated
 
in francs, in gold francs, or in "francs effectifs" will be paid in
 
French francs), secondly, for the period after the 18th November,
 
19I5, in Turkish pounds paper-the Turkish pound being taken
 
at the pre-war par value.<p>
 
  
          If Turkish nationals whose contracts were entered into in
+
Thence to the confluence of the Arda and the Marilza:
currency other than Turkish currency show that they have continued to pay their premiums since the 18th November, 1915,
 
in the currency stipulated in the contracts, the said contracts
 
shall be settled in the same currency at the current rate in its
 
country of origin, even for the periocl after the 18th November,
 
19I5.<p>
 
  
          Turkish nationals whose contracts, entered into before the
 
29th October, 1914, in currency other than Turkish currency
 
with companies possessing the nationality of an Allied Power are,
 
owing to payment of premiums, still in force, shall have the right
 
within three months after the coming into force of the present
 
Treaty to restore their policies for the full amount, in the currency stipulated in their contract, at the current rate in its
 
country of origin. For this purpose they must pay in this currency the premiums which have become due since the 18th
 
November, 1915. On the other hand, the premiums actually
 
paid by them in Turkish pounds paper since that date will be
 
repaid to them in the same currency.<p>
 
  
              Paragraph 3.<p>
 
             
 
          As regards insurances in Turkish pounds, settlement shall be
 
made in Turkish pounds paper.<p>
 
  
              Paragraph 4.<p>
 
             
 
          The provisions of paragraphs 2 and 3 do not apply to policy
 
holders who, by an express agreement, have already settled with
 
the insurance companies the fixation of the value of their policies
 
and the method of payment of their premiums, nor to those whose
 
policies shall have been finally settled at the date of the coming
 
into force of the present Treaty.<p>
 
  
              Paragraph 5.<p>
 
             
 
          For the purposes of the preceding paragraphs, insurance contracts shall be considered as contracts of life insurance when they
 
                                              depend on the probabilities of human life, combined with the
 
                                              rate of interest, for the calculation of the reciprocal engagement
 
                                              between the two parties.<p>
 
                                             
 
                                                          II. MARINE INSURANCE.<p>
 
                                                         
 
                                                              Paragraph 6.<p>
 
                                                             
 
                                                        Subject to the provisions therein contained, contracts of marine
 
                                              insurance will not be deemed to have been dissolved where the
 
                                              risk had attached before the parties became enemies, but the
 
                                              policy shall not be deemed to cover losses due to belligerent
 
                                              action by the Power of which the insurer was a national or by
 
                                              the allies of that Power.
 
                                              <p>
 
                                                      III. FIRE AND OTHER INSURANCES.<p>
 
                                                     
 
                                                              Paragraph 7.<p>
 
                                                             
 
                                                        Subject to the reserve contained in the preceding paragraph,
 
                                              fire insurance contracts and all other forms of insurance contracts
 
                                              are not deemed to be dissolved.<p>
 
                                             
 
                                                              SECTION III.<br>
 
                                                              DEBTS.<br>
 
                                                              ARTICLE 84.<p>
 
                                                             
 
                                                        The High Contracting Parties are in agreement in recognising
 
                                              that debts which were payable before the war or which became
 
                                              payable during the war under contracts entered into before the
 
                                              war, and which remained unpaid owing to the war, must be
 
                                              settled and paid, in accordance with the provisions of the contracts, in the currency agreed upon, at the rate current in its
 
                                              country of origin.<p>
 
                                             
 
                                                        Without prejudice to the provisions of the Annex to Section II
 
                                              of this part, it is agreed that where payments to be made under a
 
                                              pre-war contract are represented by sums collected during the
 
                                              war in whole or in part in a currency other than that mentioned
 
                                              in the said contract, such payments can be made by handing
 
                                              over the sums actually collected, in the currency in which they
 
                                              were collected. This provision shall not affect settlements inconsistent with the foregoing provisions arrived at by voluntary
 
agreement between the parties before the coming into force
 
of the present Treaty.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 85.<p>
 
             
 
        The Ottoman Public Debt is by general agreement left outside
 
the scope of.this Section and of the other Sections of this Part
 
(Economic Clauses).<p>
 
  
            SECTION IV.<br>
 
    INDUSTRIAL, LITERARY AND ARTISTIC
 
            PROPERTY.<br>
 
            ARTICLE 86.<p>
 
        Subject to the stipulations of the present Treaty, rights of
 
industrial, literary and artistic property as they existed on the
 
1st August, I9I4, in accordance with the law of each of the contracting countries, shall be re-established or restored as from the
 
coming into force of the present Treaty in the territories of the
 
High Contracting Parties in favour of the persons entitled to the
 
benefit of them at the moment when the state of war commenced,
 
or of their legal representatives. Equally, rights which, but for
 
the war, could have been acquired during the war, by means of an
 
application legally made for the protection of industrial property
 
or of the publication of a literary or artistic work, shall be recognised and established in favour of those persons who would
 
have been entitled thereto, from the coming into force of the
 
present Treaty.<p>
 
  
        Without prejudice to the rights which are required to be
 
restored in accordance with the above provision, all acts (including the grant of licences) done by virtue of the special measures
 
taken during the war by a legislative, executive or administrative
 
authority of an Allied Power in regard to the rights of Turkish
 
nationals in respect of industrial, literary or artistic property,
 
shall remain in force and continue to have their full effect. This
 
provision applies<i> mutatis mutandis</i> to corresponding measures
 
taken by Turkish authorities in regard to the rights of the
 
nationals of any Allied Power.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 87.<p>
+
the course of the Maritza;
             
+
 
        A minimum of one year from the coming into force of the
+
 
present Treaty shall be granted, without surtax or penalty of any
+
 
                                                kind, to Turkish nationals in the territory of each of the other
 
                                                Contracting Powers, and to the nationals of these Powers in
 
                                                Turkey, within which they may accomplish any act, fulfil any
 
                                                formality, pay any fees, and generally satisfy any obligation
 
                                                prescribed by the laws and regulations of the respective States
 
                                                for preserving or obtaining or opposing the grant of rights to
 
                                                industriai property which had already been acquired on the
 
                                                1st August, I9I4, or which, but for the war, might have been
 
                                                acquired since that date by means of an application made before
 
                                                or during the war.<p>
 
                                               
 
                                                        Rights to industrial property which have lapsed by reason of
 
                                                any failure to accomplish any act, fulfil any formality, or pay
 
                                                any fees shall be revived, but subject, in the case of patents and
 
                                                designs, to the adoption of such measures as each Power may
 
                                                deem reasonably necessary for the protection of the rights of
 
                                                third parties who have exploited or made use of patents or
 
                                                designs since they had lapsed.<p>
 
                                               
 
                                                        The period from the Ist August, I9I4, until the coming into
 
                                                force of the present Treaty shall be excluded in calculating the
 
                                                time within which a patent has to be exploited or a trade-mark or
 
                                                design used, and it is further agreed that no patent, trade-mark
 
                                                or design in force on the Ist August, I9I4, shall be subject to
 
                                                revocation or cancellation by reason only of the failure to exploit
 
                                                such patent or use such trade-mark or design, for two years
 
                                                after the coming into force of the present Treaty.<p>
 
                                               
 
                                                              ARTICLE 88.<p>
 
                                                             
 
                                                      No action shall be brought and no claim made on the one hand
 
                                                by Turkish nationals or persons residing or carrying on business
 
                                                in Turkey, and on the other hand by nationals of the Allied
 
                                                Powers or persons residing or carrying on their business in the
 
                                                territory of these Powers, nor by third parties having derived
 
                                                title during the war from such persons, by reason of any occurrence which has taken place within the territory of the other
 
                                                party, between the date of the beginning of a state of war and
 
                                                that of the coming into force of the present Treaty, which might
 
                                                tve held to constitute an infringement of rights of industrial
 
                                                property or rights of literary or artistic property either existing
 
                                                at any time during the war, or revived under the provisions of
 
                                                Article 86.<p>
 
                                               
 
                                                Among the occurrences referred to above are included the use
 
                                                by the Governments of the High Contracting Parties, or by any
 
person acting on their behalf, or with their consent, of rights of
 
industrial, literary or artistic property, as well as the sale, the
 
offering for sale or the use of products, apparatus, or any articles
 
whatsoever to which these rights apply.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 89.<p>
 
             
 
        Licences for the use of industrial property, or for the reproduction of literary or artistic works, granted before the war
 
by or to nationals of the Allied Powers or persons residing in
 
their territories or carrying on business therein, on the one hand,
 
to or by Turkish nationals on the other hand, shall be considered
 
as cancelled as from the date of the beginning of a state of war
 
between Turkey and the Allied Power concerned. But in any
 
case, the former beneficiary of a licence of this kind shall have
 
the right within a period of six months from the coming into
 
force of the present Treaty to require from the proprietor of
 
the rights the grant of a new licence, the conditions of which, in
 
default of agreement between the parties, shall be fixed by the
 
Mixed Arbitral Tribunal referred to in Section V of this Part.
 
The Tribunal shall have the power, where the circumstances
 
demand it, to fix at the same time the amount which it considers
 
fair payment for the use of the property during the war.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 90<p>
 
             
 
        The inhabitants of territories detached from Turkey under the
 
present Treaty shall, notwithstanding this transfer and the change
 
of nationality consequent thereon, continue in complete enjoyment in Turkey of all the rights in industrial, literary and artistic
 
property to which they were entitled under Ottoman law at the
 
time of transfer.<p>
 
  
        Rights of industrial, literary and artistic property which are in
 
existence in territories detached from Turkey under the present
 
Treaty at the time of separation, or which are re-established or
 
restored by the provisions of Article 86, shall be recognised by
 
the State to which the said territory is transferred, and shall
 
remain in existence in that territory for the same period of
 
time as that which they would have enjoyed under Ottoman law.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 91<p>
 
             
 
        All grants of patents and registrations of trade-marks, as well
 
as all registrations of transfers or assignments of patents or trade
 
                                              marks which have been duly made since the 30th October, 1918,
 
                                              by the Imperial Ottoman Government at Constantinople or
 
                                              elsewhere, shall be submitted to the Turkish Government and
 
                                              registered, if the parties concerned make an application within
 
                                              three months from the coming into force of the present Treaty.
 
                                              Such registration shall have effect as from the date of the original
 
                                              registration.<p>
 
                                             
 
                                                            SECTION V.<br>
 
                                                      MIXED ARBITRAL TRIBUNAL.<br>
 
                                                            ARTICLE 92.<p>
 
                                                        Within three months from the date of the coming into force
 
                                              of the present Treaty, a Mixed Arbitral Tribunal shall be established between each of the Allied Powers, on the one hand, and
 
                                              Turkey, on the other hand.<p>
 
                                             
 
                                                        Each of these Tribunals shall be composed of three members,
 
                                              two being appointed respectively by each of the Governments
 
                                              concerned, who shall be entitled to designate several persons
 
                                              from whom, according to the case in question, they will choose
 
                                              one to sit as a member of the Tribunal. The president shall be
 
                                              chosen by agreement between the two Governments concerned.<p>
 
                                             
 
                                                        In case of failure to reach agreement within two months from
 
                                              the coming into force of the present Treaty, the president shall
 
                                              be appointed, upon the request of one of the Governments
 
                                              concerned, from among nationals of Powers which remained
 
                                              neutral during the war, by the President of the Permanent Court
 
                                              of International Justice at The Hague.<p>
 
                                             
 
                                                        If within the said period of two months one of the Governments
 
                                              concerned does not appoint a member to represent it on the
 
                                              Tribunal, the Council of the League of Nations will have power
 
                                              to proceed to the appointment of such member upon the request
 
                                              of the other Government concerned.<p>
 
                                             
 
                                                        If a member of the Tribunal should die or resign or for any
 
                                              reason become unable to perform his duties, he shall be replaced
 
                                              by the method laid down for his appointment, the above period of
 
                                              two months running from the date of death, resignation or
 
                                              inability as duly verified.<p>
 
                                             
 
                                                              ARTICLE 93.<p>
 
                                                             
 
                                                        The seat of the Mixed Arbitral Tribunals shall be at Constantinople. If the number and character of the cases justify it, the
 
Governments concerned shall be entitled to create in each
 
Tribunal onc or more additional Sections, the seat of which shall
 
be in whatever place may be convenient. Each of these Sections
 
shall be composed of a vice-president and two members appointed
 
as laid down in the second, third, fourth and fifth paragraphs
 
of Article 92.<p>
 
  
          Each Government shall appoint one or more agents to represent
+
then upstream along the Arda, up to a point on that river to be
it before the Tribunal.<p>
 
  
          If, after three years from the establishment of a Mixed Arbitral
 
Tribunal, or of one of its Sections, such Tribunal or Section has
 
not finished its work, and if the Power on whose territory such
 
Tribunal or Section has its seat so requests, the seat shall be removed from such territory.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 94.<p>
+
determined on the spot in the immediate neighbourhood of the  
             
 
          The Mixed Arbitral Tribunals established pursuant to Articles
 
92 and 93 shall decide all questions within their competence under
 
the present Treaty.<p>
 
  
Decisions shall be taken by a majority.<p>
 
 
          The High Contracting Parties agree to regard the decisions of
 
the Mixed Arbitral Tribunals as final and conclusive, and to
 
render them binding upon their nationals, and to ensure their
 
enforcement in their respective territories as soon as the decisions
 
of the Tribunals are notified to them, without it being necessary
 
to have them declared executory.<p>
 
  
          The High Contracting Parties further undertake that their
+
village of Tchorek-Keuy:
Tribunals and authorities shall directly assist the fixed Arbitral
 
Tribunals in every way that is in their power, particularly as re-
 
gards the transmission of notices and the collection of evidence.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 95.<p>
 
             
 
          The Mixed Arbitral Tribunals shall be guided by justice, equity
 
and good faith.<p>
 
  
          Each Tribunal will determine the language to be used before it,
 
and shall order such translations to be made as are necessary to
 
ensure that the proceedings are completely understood; it will lay
 
down rules and time limits for the procedure to be observed.
 
These rules must be based on the following principles:<p>
 
  
(I) The procedure shall include the presentation of a memorial
 
    and a counter-memorial respectively, with the option of
 
    presenting a reply and a rejoinder. If either of the
 
                                                    parties asks for leave to present an oral argument he will
 
                                                    be permitted to do so; in such case the other party will
 
                                                    have the same right.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                (2) The Tribunal shall have full power to order enquiries, the
 
                                                    production of documents, and expert examinations, to
 
                                                    make a view, to demand any information, to hear any
 
                                                    witnesses and to ask the parties or their representatives
 
                                                    for any verbal or written explanations.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                (3) Subject to any contrary provision in the present Treaty, no
 
                                                    claim shall be admitted after the expiry of a period of
 
                                                    six months from the establishment of the Tribunal,
 
                                                    except upon express authority contained in a decision of
 
                                                    the said Tribunal and justified as an exceptional measure
 
                                                    by considerations relating to distance or <i>force majeure.</i><p>
 
                                                (4) It shall be the duty of the Tribunal to hold as many sittings
 
                                                    each week as may be needed for the prompt despatch of
 
                                                    its business, except during vacations, which shall not
 
                                                    exceed a total of eight weeks a year.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                (5) Judgment must always be given within at most two months
 
                                                    from the end of the hearing, after which the Tribunal will
 
                                                    at once proceed to consider its judgment.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                (6) Oral arguments, if any, shall be heard in public, and in all
 
                                                    cases judgment shall be delivered in public.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                (7) Each Mixed Arbitral Tribunal shall be entitled to hold
 
                                                    sittings elsewhere than in the place where its seat is
 
                                                    established, if it considers it advantageous for the
 
                                                    despatch of business.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                              ARTICLE 96.<p>
 
                                                             
 
                                                        The Governments concerned shall appoint by agreement a
 
                                                Secretary-General for each Tribunal, and shall each attach to him
 
                                                one or more Secretaries. The Secretary-General and the Secretaries shall be under the orders of the Tribunal, which with the
 
                                                consent of the Governments concerned shall be entitled to engage any persons whose assistance it may need.<p>
 
                                               
 
                                                          The Secretariat of each Tribunal shall have its offices at Constantinople. The Governments concerned shall have power to
 
                                                establish additional offices in such other places as may be convenient.<p>
 
                                               
 
                                                          Each Tribunal shall keep in its Secretariat the records, papers
 
                                                and documents relating to the cases submitted to it, and upon the
 
                        completion of its duties it shall deposit them in the archives of the
 
Government of the country where its seat is established. These
 
archives shall always be accessible to the Governments concerned.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 97.<p>
 
        Each Government shall pay the emoluments of the member of
 
the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal whom it appoints, as well as those of
 
any agent or secretary appointed by it.<p>
 
  
        The emoluments of the President and those of the Secretary-General shall be fixed by agreement between the Governments
 
concerned, and these emoluments and the general expenses of the
 
Tribunal shall be paid in equal shares by the two Governments.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 98.<p>
 
             
 
        The present section shall not apply to cases between Japan and
 
Turkey, which, according to the terms of the present Treaty,
 
would fall within the competence of the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal.
 
Such cases shall be settled by agreement between the two Govern-
 
ments.<p>
 
  
              SECTION VI.<br>
 
              TREATIES.<br>
 
              ARTICLE 99.<p>
 
             
 
        From the coming into force of the present Treaty and subject to
 
the provisions thereof, the multilateral treaties, conventions and
 
agreements of an economic or technical character enumerated
 
below shall enter again into force between Turkey and those of
 
the other Contracting Powers party thereto:<p>
 
  
(I) Conventions of March 14, 1884, of December 1, 1886, and
+
  the course of the Arda;  
    of March 23, 1887, and Final Protocol of July 7, 1887,
 
    regarding the protection of submarine cables;<p>
 
   
 
(2) Convention of July 5, 1890, regarding the publication of
 
    customs tariffs and the organisation of an International
 
    Union for the publication of customs tariffs;<p>
 
   
 
(3) Arrangement of December 9, 1907, regarding the creation
 
    of the International Office of Public Hygiene at Paris;<p>
 
   
 
(4) Convention of June 7, 1905, regarding the creation of an
 
    International Agricultural Institute at Rome;<p>
 
   
 
(5) Convention of July 16, 1863, for the redemption of the toll
 
    dues on the Scheldt;<p>
 
   
 
                                                  (6) Convention of October 29, 1888, regarding the establishment of a definite arrangement guaranteeing the free
 
                                                      use of the Suez Canal, subject to the special stipulations
 
                                                      provided for by Article 19 of the present Treaty;<p>
 
                                                     
 
                                                  (7) Conventions and Agreements of the Universal Postal
 
                                                      Union, including the Conventions and Agreements
 
                                                      signed at Madrid on November 30, 1920;<p>
 
                                                     
 
                                                  (8) International Telegraphic Conventions signed at St.
 
                                                      Petersburgh on July 10-22, 1875; Regulations and
 
                                                      Tariffs drawn up by the International Telegraph
 
                                                      Conference, Lisbon, June 11, 1908.<p>
 
                                                     
 
                                                                ARTICLE 100.<p>
 
                                                               
 
                                                        Turkey undertakes to adhere to the Conventions or Agreements
 
                                                  enumerated below, or to ratify them:<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                  (I) Convention of October 11, 1909, regarding the inter-
 
                                                      national circulation of motor cars;<p>
 
                                                     
 
                                                  (2) Agreement of May 15, 1886, regarding the sealing of
 
                                                      railway trucks subject to customs inspection and
 
                                                      Protocol of May 18, 1907;<p>
 
                                                     
 
                                                  (3) Convention of September 23, 1910, respecting the unification of certain regulations regarding collisions and
 
                                                      salvage at sea;<p>
 
                                                     
 
                                                  (4) Convention of December 21, 1904, regarding exemption of
 
                                                      hospital ships from dues and charges in ports;<p>
 
                                                     
 
                                                  (5) Conventions of May 18, 1904, of May 4, 1910, and of
 
                                                      September 30, 1921, regarding the suppression of the
 
                                                      White Slave Traffic;<p>
 
                                                     
 
                                                  (6) Conventions of May 4, 1910, regarding the suppression of
 
                                                      obscene publications;<p>
 
                                                     
 
                                                  (7) Sanitary Convention of January 17, 1912, Articles 54, 88
 
                                                      and 90 being reserved;<p>
 
                                                     
 
                                                  (8) Conventions of November 3, 1881, and April 15, 1889,
 
                                                      regarding precautionary measures against phylloxera;<p>
 
                                                     
 
                                                  (9) Opium Convention, signed at The Hague, January 23,
 
                                                      1912, and additional Protocol of  1914;<p>
 
                                                     
 
                                                  (10) International Radio-Telegraphic Convention of July 5,
 
                                                      1912;<p>
 
                                                     
 
                                                  (11) Convention regarding liquor traffic in Africa, signed at
 
                                                      St. Germain-en-Laye, September 10, 1919;<p>
 
(12) Convention revising the General Act of Berlin of February
 
    26, 1885, and the General Act and Declaration of
 
    Brussels of July 2, I890, signed at St. Germain-en-Laye,
 
    September 10, 1919;<p>
 
   
 
(13) Convention of October 13, 1919, regulating aerial navigation, provided that Turkey obtains, under the Protocol
 
    of May 1, 1920, such derogations as her geographical
 
    situation may render necessary;<p>
 
   
 
(14) Convention of September 26, 1906, signed at Berne,
 
    prohibiting the use of white phosphorus in the manufacture of matches.<p>
 
   
 
        Turkey further undertakes to take part in the elaboration of
 
new international conventions relating to telegraphy and radio-telegraphy.<p>
 
                                                                  PART IV.<br>
 
  
                                                    COMMUNICATIONS AND SANITARY QUESTIONS.<br>
 
  
                                                                SECTION 1.<br>
 
  
                                                              COMMUNICATIONS.<br>
 
  
                                                              ARTICLE 101.<p>
 
  
                                                   
 
                                                          Turkey undertakes to adhere to the Convention and to the
 
                                                  Statute respecting the Freedom of Transit adopted by the
 
                                                  Conference of Barcelona on the 14th April, 192I, as well as to
 
                                                  the Convention and the Statute respecting the regime for waterways of international interest adopted by the said Conference
 
                                                  on the 19th April, 1921, and to the supplementary Protocol.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                          Turkey accordingly undertakes to bring into force the provisions of these Conventions, Statutes and Protocol as from the
 
                                                  entry into force of the present Treaty.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                                ARTICLE 102.<p>
 
                                                               
 
                                                          Turkey undertakes to adhere to the Declaration of Barcelona.
 
                                                  dated the 20th April, 1921, "recognising the rights of the flag of
 
                                                  States not possessing a sea-board."<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 103.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                          Turkey undertakes to adhere to the recommendations of the
 
                                                  Conference of Barcelona, dated the 20th April, 1921, respecting
 
                                                  ports placed under an international regime. Turkey will subsequently make known those ports which will be placed under
 
                                                  that regime.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 104.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                          Turkey undertakes to adhere to the recommendations of the
 
                                                  Conference of Barcelona, dated the 20th April, 1921, respecting
 
                                                  international railways. These recommendations will be brought
 
                                                  into force by the Turkish Government on the coming into force
 
                                                  of the present Treaty and subject to reciprocity.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                  ARTICLE 105.<p>
 
             
 
      On the coming into force of the present Treaty, Turkey agrees
 
to subscribe to the Conventions and arrangements signed at
 
Berne on October 14, 1890, September 20, 1893, July I6, 1895,
 
June 16, 1898, and September 19, 1906, regarding the transportation of goods by rail.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 106.<p>
 
             
 
      When, as a result of the fixing of new frontiers, a railway connection between two parts of the same country crosses another
 
country, or a branch line from one country has its terminus in
 
another, the conditions of working, in so far as concerns the traffic
 
between the two countries, shall, subject to any special arrangements, be laid down in an agreement to be concluded between the
 
railway administrations concerned. If these administrations
 
cannot come to an agreement as to the terms of such agreement,
 
those conditions shall be decided by arbitration.<p>
 
  
      The establishment of all new frontier stations between Turkey
 
and the neighbouring States, as well as the working of the lines
 
between those stations, shall be settled by agreements similarly
 
concluded .<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 107<p>
+
thence in a south-easterly direction up to a point on the  
             
 
        Travellers and goods coming from or destined for Turkey or
 
Greece, and making use in transit of the three sections of the
 
Oriental Railways included between the Grseco-Bulgarian frontier
 
and the Grceco-Turkish frontier near Kuleli-Burgas, shall not be
 
subject, on account of such transit, to any duty or toll nor to any
 
formality of examination in connection with passports or customs.<p>
 
  
        A Commissioner, who shall be selected by the Council of the
 
League of Nations, shall ensure that the stipulations of this
 
Article are carried out.<p>
 
  
      The Greek and Turkish Governments shall each have the right
+
Maritza, 1 kilom. below Bosna-Keuy:
to appoint a representative to be attached to this Commissioner;
+
 
this representative shall have the duty of drawing the attention
+
 
of the Commissioner to any question relating to the execution of
+
 
the above-mentioned stipulations, and shall enjoy all the necessary facilities to enable him to accomplish his task. These
+
 
representatives shall reach an agreement with the Commissioner
+
 
as to the number and nature of the subordinate staff which they
+
 
will require.<p>
+
 
                                                        It shall be the duty of the said Commissioner to submit, for the
+
 
                                                  decision of the Council of the League of Nations, any question
+
a roughly straight line leaving in Turkish territory the village
                                                  relating to the execution of the said stipulations which he may
+
of Bosna-Keuy. The village of Tchorek-Keuy shall be assigned to
                                                  not have been able to settle. The Greek and Turkish Governments undertake to carry out any decision given by the majority
+
Greece or to Turkey according as the majority of the population
                                                  vote of the said Council.<p>
+
shall be found to be Greek or Turkish by the Commission for
                                                 
+
which provision is made in Article 5, the population which has
                                                        The salary of the said Commissioner, as well as the expenses
+
migrated into this village after the 11th October, 1922, not being
                                                  of his work, shall be borne in equal parts by the Greek and
+
taken into account;
                                                  Turkish Governments.<p>
+
 
                                                 
 
                                                        In the event of Turkey constructing later a railway line joining
 
                                                  Adrianople to the line between Kuleli-Burgas and Constantinople,
 
                                                  the stipulations of this Article shall lapse in so far as concerns
 
                                                  transit between the points on the Graoco-Turkish frontier lying
 
                                                  near Kuleli-Burgas and Bosna-Keuy respectively.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                        Each of the two interested Powers shall have the right, after
 
                                                  five years from the coming into force of the present Treaty, to
 
                                                  apply to the Council of the League of Nations with a view to
 
                                                  deciding whether it is necessary that the control mentioned in
 
                                                  paragraphs 2 to 5 of the present Article should be maintained.
 
                                                  Nevertheless, it remains understood that the stipulations of
 
                                                  paragraph I shall remain in force for transit over the two sections
 
                                                  of the Oriental Railways between the Graeco-Bulgarian frontier
 
                                                  and Bosna-Keuy.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                                ARTICLE 108.<p>
 
                                                               
 
                                                        Subject to any special provisions concerning the transfer of
 
                                                  ports and railways, whether owned by the Turkish Government or
 
                                                  private companies, situated in the territories detached from
 
                                                  Turkey under the present Treaty, and similarly subject to any
 
                                                  agreements which have been, or may be, concluded between the
 
                                                  Contracting Powers relating to the concessionnaries and the
 
                                                  pensioning of the personnel, the transfer of railways will take
 
                                                  place under the following conditions:<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                    (I) The works and installations of all the railroads shall be left
 
                                                        complete and in as good condition as possible;<p>
 
                                                       
 
                                                    (2) When a railway system possessing its own rolling-stock is
 
                                                        situated in its entirety in transferred territory, such
 
                                                        stock shall be left complete with the railway, in accordance with the last inventory before the 30th October, 1918;<p>
 
                                                       
 
                                                    (3) As regards lines, the administration of which will in virtue
 
                                                        of the present Treaty be divided, the distribution of the
 
    rolling-stock shall be made by friendly agreement
 
    between the administrations taking over the several
 
    sections thereof. This agreement shall have regard to
 
    the amount of the material registered on those lines in
 
    the last inventory before the 30th October, 1918, the
 
    length of the track (sidings included) and the nature
 
    and amount of the traffic. Failing agreement, the points
 
    in dispute shall be settled by arbitration. The arbitral
 
    decision shall also, if necessary, specify the locomotives,
 
    carriages and wagons to be left on each section, the
 
    conditions of their acceptance and such provisional
 
    arrangements as may be judged necessary to ensure for
 
    a limited period the current maintenance in existing
 
    workshops of the transferred stock;<p>
 
   
 
(4) Stocks of stores, fittings and plant shall be left under the
 
    same conditions as the rolling-stock.<p>
 
   
 
              ARTICLE 109.<p>
 
             
 
    In default of any provisions to the contrary, when as the
 
result of the fixing of a new frontier the hydraulic system (canalisation, inundation, irrigation, drainage or similar matters) in a
 
State is dependent on works executed within the territory of
 
another State, or when use is made on the territory of a State, in
 
virtue of pre-war usage, of water or hydraulic power, the source
 
of which is on the territory of another State, an agreement shall
 
be made between the States concerned to safeguard the interests
 
and rights acquired by each of them.<p>
 
  
    Failing an agreement, the matter shall be regulated by arbitration.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 110.<p>
 
             
 
    Roumania and Turkey will come to an agreement as to an
 
equitable arrangement for the working conditions of the Constanza-Constantinople cable. Failing agreement, the matter
 
shall be settled by arbitration.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 111.<p>
 
             
 
    Turkey renounces on her own behalf and on behalf of her
 
nationals all rights, titles or privileges of whatsoever nature over
 
the whole or part of such cables as no longer land on her territory.<p>
 
  
    If the cables or portions thereof transferred under the preceding
 
paragraph are privately owned, the Governments to which this
 
                                                  property is transferred will have to indemnify the owners.
 
                                                  Failing agreement respecting the amount of indemnity, this
 
                                                  amount will be fixed by arbitration.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 112.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                      Turkey will retain the rights of property which she may already
 
                                                  possess over those cables of which at least one end remains in
 
                                                  Turkish territory.
 
                                                  <p>
 
                                                      The exercise of the landing rights of the said cables in non-Turkish territory and their working conditions shall be settled
 
                                                  in a friendly manner by the States concerned. Failing agreement,
 
                                                  the dispute will be settled by arbitration.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 113.<p>
 
                                                      Each of the High Contracting Parties hereby accepts, in so
 
                                                  far as it is concerned, the abolition of foreign post offfices in
 
                                                  Turkey.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                                SECTION II.<br>
 
                                                              SANITARY QUESTIONS.<br>
 
                                                                ARTICLE 114.<p>
 
                                                             
 
                                                      The Superior Council of Health of Constantinople is abolished.
 
                                                  The Turkish Administration is entrusted with the sanitary
 
                                                  organisation of the coasts and frontiers of Turkey.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 115.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                      A single sanitary tariff, the dues and conditions of which shall
 
                                                  be fair, shall be applied to all ships without distinction between
 
                                                  the Turkish flag and foreign flags, and to nationals of foreign
 
                                                  Powers under the same conditions as to nationals of Turkey.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 116.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                        Turkey undertakes to respect entirely the right of the sanitary
 
                                                  employees whose services have been terminated to compensation
 
                                                  to be appropriated out of the funds of the former Superior Council
 
                                                  of Health of Constantinople, and all other rights acquired by
 
                                                  employees or former employees of the Council, or their representatives. All questions relating to such rights, to the employment of the reserve funds of the former Superior Council of
 
                                        Health of Constantinople, or to the final liquidation of the former
 
sanitary administration, as well as all other similar or cognate
 
questions, shall be regulated by a Commission ad hoc which shall
 
be composed of a representative of each of the Powers represented
 
on the Superior Council of Health of Constantinople except
 
Germany, Austria and Hungary. In the event of disagreement
 
between the members of the said Commission on a question relating to the above-mentioned liquidation, or the employment of
 
the funds remaining after the liquidation, every Power represented
 
on the Commission shall have the right to bring the matter to
 
the notice of the Council of the League of Nations, whose decision
 
shall be final.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 117.<p>
 
             
 
      Turkey and those Powers which are interested in the supervision of the pilgrimages to Jerusalem and to the Hedjaz and the
 
Hedjaz railway shall take such measures as are appropriate in
 
accordance with the provisions of international sanitary conventions. With a view to ensuring complete uniformity in the
 
execution of these measures, these Powers and Turkey shall
 
constitute a Sanitary Coordination Commission for pilgrimages,
 
on which the sanitary service of Turkey and the Maritime
 
Sanitary and Quarantine Council of Egypt shall be represented.<p>
 
  
      This Commission must obtain the previous consent of the
 
State on whose territory it holds its meeting.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 118.<p>
 
             
 
      Reports on the work of the Pilgrimage Coordination Commission shall be addressed to the Health Committee of the League
 
of Nations and to the International Office of Public Health, and
 
also to the Government of each country which is interested in
 
pilgrimages and makes a request therefor. The Commission
 
will give its opinion on every question put to it by the League of
 
Nations, by the International Office of Public Health, or by the
 
interested Governments.<p>
 
                                                                  PART V.<br>
 
                                                          MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS.<br>
 
                                                                SECTION I.<br>
 
                                                              PRISONERS 0F WAR.<br>
 
                                                                ARTICLE 119.<p>
 
                                                         
 
                                                        The High Contracting Parties agree to repatriate at once the
 
                                                  prisoners of war and interned civilians who are still in their hands.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                        The exchange of prisoners of war and interned civilians detained by Greece and Turkey respectively forms the subject of a
 
                                                  separate agreement between those Powers signed at Lausanne on
 
                                                  the 30th January, 1923.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 120.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                          Prisoners of war and interned civilians awaiting disposal or
 
                                                  undergoing sentence for offences against discipline shall be
 
                                                  repatriated irrespective of the completion of their sentence or of
 
                                                  the proceedings pending against them.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                          Prisoners of war and interned civilians who are awaiting trial
 
                                                  or undergoing sentence for offences other than those against
 
                                                  discipline may be detained.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 121.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                          The High Contracting Parties agree to give every facility in
 
                                                    their respective territories for the search for the missing and the
 
                                                    identification of prisoners of war and interned civilians who have
 
                                                    expressed their desire not to be repatriated.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 122.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                          The High Contracting Parties undertake to restore on the
 
                                                    coming into force of the present Treaty all articles, money,
 
                                                    securities, documents and personal effects of every description
 
                                                    which have belonged to prisoners of war or interned civilians and
 
                                                    which have been retained.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 123.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                          The High Contracting Parties waive reciprocally all repayments of sums due for the maintenance of prisoners of war
 
                                                    captured by their armies.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                  SECTION II.<br>
 
                GRAVES.<br>
 
             
 
              ARTICLE 124.<p>
 
             
 
      Without prejudice to the special provisions of Article 126 of
 
the present Treaty, the High Contracting Parties will cause to be
 
respected and maintained within the territories under their
 
authority the cemeteries, graves, ossuaries and memorials of
 
soldiers and sailors who fell in action or died from wounds
 
accident or disease since the 29th October, 1914, as well as of
 
prisoners of war and interned civilians who died in captivity
 
after that date.<p>
 
  
      The High Contracting Parties will agree to accord in their
+
thence to the &AElig;gean Sea:
respective territories all necessary facilities to such Commissions
 
as each Contracting Power may appoint for the purpose of the
 
identification, registration and maintenance of the said cemeteries,
 
ossuaries and graves, and the erection of memorials on their
 
sites. Such Commissions shall not have any military character.<p>
 
  
      The High Contracting Parties reciprocally undertake, subject
 
to the provisions of their national laws and the requirements of
 
public health, to furnish each other every facility for giving
 
effect to requests that the bodies of such soldiers and sailors
 
may be transferred to their own country.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 125.<p>
 
             
 
      The High Contracting Parties further undertake to furnish
 
each other:<p>
 
  
(I) A complete list of prisoners of war and interned civilians
 
    who have died in captivity, together with all information
 
    tending towards their identification.<p>
 
   
 
(2) All information as to the number and position of the
 
    graves of all those who have been buried without
 
    identification.<p>
 
   
 
              ARTICLE 126.<p>
 
             
 
      The maintenace of the graves, cemeteries, ossuaries and
 
memorials of Turkish soldiers, sailors and prisoners of war who
 
may have died on Roumanian territory since the 27th August
 
1916, as well as all other obligations under Articles 124 and 125
 
regarding interned civilians, shall form the object of a special
 
arrangement between the Roumanian and the Turkish Governments.<p>
 
  
                                                                ARTICLE 127.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                        In order to complete the general provisions included in Articles
 
                                                  124 and 125, the Governments of the British Empire, France and
 
                                                  Italy on the one hand and the Turkish and Greek Governments
 
                                                  on the other agree to the special provisions contained in Articles
 
                                                  128 to 136.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 128.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                        The Turkish Government undertakes to grant to the Governments of the British Empire, France and Italy respectively and in
 
                                                  perpetuity the land within the Turkish territory in which are
 
                                                  situated the graves, cemeteries, ossuaries or memorials of their
 
                                                  soldiers and sailors who fell in action or died of wounds, accident
 
                                                  or disease, as well as those of prisoners of war and interned civil-
 
                                                  ians who died in captivity.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                        The Turkish Government will also grant to those Governments
 
                                                  the land which the Commissions provided for in Article 130
 
                                                  shall consider necessary for the establishment of cemeteries for
 
                                                  the regrouping of graves, for ossuaries or memorials.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                        The Turkish Government undertakes further to give free
 
                                                  access to these graves, cemeteries, ossuaries and memorials, and
 
                                                  if need be to authorise the construction of the necessary roads
 
                                                  and pathways.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                        The Greek Government undertakes to fulfil the same obligations in so far as concerns its territory.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                        The above provisions shall not affect Turkish or Greek sovereignty over the land thus granted.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 129.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                        The land to be granted by the Turkish Government will
 
                                                  include in particular, as regards the British Empire, the area in
 
                                                  the region known as Anzac (Ari Burnu), which is shown on Map
 
                                                  No. 3. [See Introduction.] The occupation of the above-mentioned
 
                                                  area shall be subject to the following conditions:<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                    (1) This area shall not be applied to any purpose other than
 
                                                        that laid down in the present Treaty; consequently it
 
                                                        shall not be utilised for any military or commercial
 
                                                        object nor for any other object foreign to the purpose
 
                                                        mentioned above;<p>
 
                                                       
 
                                                    (2) The Turkish Government shall, at all times, have the
 
                                                        right to cause this area, including the cemeteries, to be
 
                                                        inspected;<p>
 
                                                       
 
                                                          (3) The number of civil custodians appointed to look after the
 
    cemeteries shall not exceed one custodian to each
 
    cemetery. There shall not be any special custodians for
 
    the parts of the area Iying outside the cemeteries;<p>
 
   
 
(4) No dwelling houses may be erected in the area, either
 
    inslde or outside the cemeteries, except such as are
 
    strictly necessary for the custodians;<p>
 
   
 
(5) On the sea shore of the area no quay, jetty or wharfs may
 
    be built to facilitate the landing or embarkation of
 
    persons or goods;<p>
 
   
 
(6) Such formalities as may be required may only be fulfilled
 
    on the coast inside the Straits and access to the area by
 
    the coast on the AEgean Sea shall only be permitted
 
    after these formalities have been fulfilled. The Turkish
 
    Government agrees that these formalities, which shall
 
    be as simple as possible, shall not be, without prejudice
 
    to the other stipulations of this Article, more onerous
 
    than those imposed on other foreigners entering Turkey,
 
    and that they should be fulfilled under conditions
 
    tending to avoid all unnecessary delay;<p>
 
   
 
(7) Persons who desire to visit the area must not be armed,
 
    and the Turkish Government have the right to see to
 
    the enforcement of this strict prohibition;<p>
 
   
 
(8) The Turkish Government must be informed at least a
 
    week in advance of the arrival of any party of visitors
 
    exceeding 150 persons.<p>
 
   
 
              ARTICLE 130.<p>
 
             
 
      Each of the British, French and Italian Governments shall
 
appoint a commission, on which the Turkish and Greek Governments will appoint a representative, to which will be entrusted
 
the duty of regulating on the spot questions affecting the graves,
 
cemeteries, ossuaries and memorials. The duties of these commissions shall extend particularly to:<p>
 
  
(1) the offficial recognition of the zones where burials have or
 
    may have already taken place and the registration of
 
    cemeteries, ossuaries, or memorials already existing;<p>
 
   
 
(2) fixing the conditions in which, if necessary, graves may in
 
    future be concentrated, and deciding, in conjunction
 
    with the Turkish representative in Turkish territory and
 
    the Greek representative in Greek territory, the sites of
 
                                                        the cemeteries, ossuaries and memorials still to be established, and defining the boundaries of these sites in such
 
                                                        a way as shall restrict the land to be occupied within
 
                                                        the limits indispensable for the purpose;<p>
 
                                                       
 
                                                    (3) communicating to the Turkish and Greek Governments in
 
                                                        the name of the respective Governments a final plan of
 
                                                        their graves, cemeteries, ossuaries and memorials,
 
                                                        whether already established or to be established.<p>
 
                                                       
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 131 .<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                        The Government in whose favour the grant is made undertakes
 
                                                  not to employ the land nor to allow it to be employed for any
 
                                                  purpose other than that to which it is dedicated. If this land is
 
                                                  situated on the coast, the shore may not be employed by the
 
                                                  concessionary Government for any military, marine or commercial purpose of whatever nature. The sites of graves and cemeteries which may no longer be used for that purpose and which
 
                                                  are not used for the erection of memorials shall be returned to
 
                                                  the Turkish or Greek Government.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 132.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                        Any necessary legislative or administrative measures for the
 
                                                  grant to the British, French and Italian Governments respectively of full, exclusive and perpetual use of the land referred
 
                                                  to in Articles 128 to 130 shall be taken by the Turkish Government and Greek Government respectively within six months of
 
                                                  the date of the notification to be made in accordance with
 
                                                  paragraph 3 of Article 130. If any compulsory acquisition of the
 
                                                  land is necessary, it will be effected by and at the cost of the
 
                                                  Turkish Government or the Greek Government, as the case
 
                                                  may be.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 133.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                        The British, French and Italian Governments may respectively entrust to such organisations as each of them may deem
 
                                                  fit the establishment, arrangement and maintenance of the
 
                                                  graves, cemeteries, ossuaries and memorials of their nationals.
 
                                                  These organisations shall have no military character. They
 
                                                  alone shall have the right to undertake the exhumation or removal
 
                                                  of bodies necessary for the concentration of graves and establishment of cemeteries and ossuaries, as well as the exhumation and
 
                                                  removal of such bodies as the Governments to whom the grant
 
                                                  of land is made shall deem it necessary to transfer to their own
 
                                                        country. <p>
 
              ARTICLE 134.<p>
 
             
 
      The British, French and Italian Governments shall have the
 
right to entrust the maintenance of their graves, cemeteries,
 
ossuaries and memorials in Turkey to custodians appointed
 
from among their own nationals. These custodians shall be
 
recognised by the Turkish authorities and shall receive from
 
them every assistance necessary for the safeguard and protection
 
of these graves, cemeteries, ossuaries and memorials. The
 
custodians shall have no military character, but may be armed
 
for their personal defence with a revolver or automatic pistol.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 135.<p>
 
             
 
      The land referred to in Articles 128 to 131 shall not be subjected
 
by Turkey or the Turkish authorities, or by Greece or the Greek
 
authorities, as the case may be, to any form of rent or taxation.
 
Representatives of the British, French or Italian Governments
 
as well as persons desirous of visiting the graves, cemeteries,
 
ossuaries and memorials, shall at all times have free access
 
thereto. The Turkish Government and the Greek Government
 
respectively undertake to maintain in perpetuity the roads leading
 
to the said land.<p>
 
  
      The Turkish Government and the Greek Government respectively undertake to afford to the British, French and Italian
 
Governments all necessary facilities for obtaining a sufficient
 
water supply for the requirements of the staff engaged in the
 
maintenance or protection of the said graves, cemeteries, ossuaries and memorials, and for the irrigation of the land.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 136.<p>
+
the course of the Maritza.  
             
 
      The British, French and Italian Governments undertake to
 
accord to the Turkish Government the benefits of the provisions
 
contained in Articles 128 and 130 to 135 of the present Treaty for
 
the establishment of graves, cemeteries, ossuaries and memorials
 
of Turkish soldiers and sailors existing on the territories under
 
their authority, including the territories detached from Turkey.<p>
 
  
            SECTION III.<br>
 
          GENERAL PROVISIONS.<br>
 
         
 
              ARTICLE 137.<p>
 
             
 
Subject to any agreements concluded between the High Contracting Parties, the decisions talcen and orders issued since the 30th October, 1918, until the coming into force of the present
 
                                                  Treaty, by or in agreement with the authorities of the Powers who
 
                                                  have occupied Constantinople, and concerning the property,
 
                                                  rights and interests of their nationals, of foreigners or of Turkish
 
                                                  nationals, and the relations of such persons with the authorities of
 
                                                  Turkey, shall be regarded as definitive and shall give rise to no
 
                                                  claims against the Powers or their authority.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                        All other claims arising from injury suffered in consequence of
 
                                                  any such decisions or orders shall be submitted to the Mixed
 
                                                  Arbitral Tribunal.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 138.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                        In judicial matters, the decisions given and orders issued in
 
                                                  Turkey from the 30th October, 1918, until the coming into force of
 
                                                  the present Treaty by all judges, courts or authorities of the
 
                                                  Powers who have occupied Constantinople, or by the Provisional
 
                                                  Mixed Judicial Commission established on the 8th December,
 
                                                  1921, as well as the measures taken in execution of such decisions
 
                                                  or orders, shall be regarded as definitive, without prejudice,
 
                                                  however, to the terms of paragraphs IV and VI of the Amnesty
 
                                                  Declaration dated this day.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                          Nevertheless, in the event of a claim being presented by a
 
                                                  private person in respect of damage suffered by him in consequence of a judicial decision in favour of another private person
 
                                                  given in a civil matter by a military or police court, this claim
 
                                                  shall be brought before the Mixed Arbitral Tribunal, which may
 
                                                  in a proper case, order the payment of compensation or even
 
                                                  restitution of the property in question.<p>
 
                                                 
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 139.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                          Archives, registers, plans, title-deeds and other documents
 
                                                    of every kind relating to the civil, judicial or financial administration, or the administration of Wakfs, which are at present in
 
                                                    Turkey and are only of interest to the Government of a territory
 
                                                    detached from the Ottoman Empire, and reciprocally those in a
 
                                                    territory detached from the Ottoman Empire which are only of
 
                                                    interest to the Turkish Government, shall reciprocally be restored.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          Archives, registers, plans, title-deeds and other documents
 
                                                    mentioned above which are considered by the Government in
 
                                                    whose possession they are as being also of interest to itself, may
 
                                                    be retained by that Government, subject to its furnishing on request photographs or certified copies to the Government concerned.<p>
 
  
    Archives, registers, plans, title-deeds and other documents
 
which have been taken away either from Turkey or from detached
 
territories shall reciprocally be restored in original, in so far as
 
they concern exclusively the territories from which they have been
 
taken.<p>
 
  
    The expense entailed by these operations shall be paid by the
 
Government applying therefor.<p>
 
  
    The above stipulations apply in the same manner to the registers relating to real estates or Wakfs in the districts of the former
 
Ottoman Empire transferred to Greece after 1912.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 140.<p>
 
             
 
    Prizes made during the war between Turkey and the other
 
Contracting Powers prior to the 30th October, 1918, shall give
 
rise to no claim on either side. The same shall apply to seizures
 
effected after that date, for violation of the armistice, by the
 
Powers who have occupied Constantinople.<p>
 
  
    It is understood that no claim shall be made, either by the
 
Governments of the Powers who have occupied Constantinople or
 
their nationals, or by the Turkish Government or its nationals,
 
respecting small craft of all kinds, vessels of light tonnage, yachts
 
and lighters which any of the said Governments may, between the
 
29th October, 1914, until the 1st January, 1923, have disposed of
 
in their own harbours or in harbours occupied by them. Nevertheless, this stipulation does not prejudice the terms of paragraph
 
VI of the Amnesty Declaration dated this day, nor the claims
 
which private persons may be able to establish against other
 
private persons in virtue of rights held before the 29th October,
 
1914.<p>
 
  
      Vessels under the Turkish flag seized by the Greek forces after
 
the 30th October, 1918, shall be restored to Turkey.<p>
 
  
              ARTICLE 141 .<p>
 
             
 
    In accordance with Article 25 of the present Treaty, Articles
 
155, 250 and 440 and Annex III, Part VIII (Reparation) of the
 
Treaty of Peace of Versailles, dated the 28th June, 1919, the
 
Turkish Government and its nationals are released from any
 
liability to the German Government or to its nationals in respect
 
of German vessels which were the object during the war of a
 
                                                    transfer by the German Government or its nationals to the
 
                                                    Ottoman Government or its nationals without the consent of the
 
                                                    Allied Governments, and at present in the possession of the latter.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                        The same shall apply, if necessary, in the relations between
 
                                                    Turkey and the other Powers which fought on her side.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 142.<p>
 
                                                                 
 
                                                        The separate Convention concluded on the 30th January, 1923,
 
                                                    between Greece and Turkey, relating to the exchange of the
 
                                                    Greek and Turkish populations, will have as between these two
 
                                                    High Contracting Parties the same force and effect as if it formed
 
                                                    part of the present Treaty.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                                  ARTICLE 143.<p>
 
                                                    The present Treaty shall be ratified as soon as possible.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                    The ratifications shall be deposited at Paris.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                        The Japanese Government will be entitled merely to inform
 
                                                    the Government of the French Republic through their diplomatic representative at Paris when their ratification has been
 
                                                    given; in that case, they must transmit the instrument of ratification as soon as possible.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          Each of the Signatory Powers will ratify by one single instrument the present Treaty and the other instruments signed by it
 
                                                    and mentioned in the Final Act of the Conference of Lausanne,
 
                                                    in so far as these require ratification.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          A first <i>proc&egrave;s-verbal</i> of the deposit of ratifications shall be drawn
 
                                                    up as soon as Turkey, on the one hand, and the British Empire,
 
                                                    France, Italy and Japan, or any three of them, on the other hand,
 
                                                    have deposited the instruments of their ratifications.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          From the date of this first <i>proc&egrave;s-verbal</i> the Treaty will come
 
                                                    into force between the High Contracting Parties who have thus
 
                                                    ratified it, Thereafter it will come into force for the other Powers
 
                                                    at the date of the deposit of their ratifications.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          As between Greece and Turkey, however, the provisions of
 
                                                    Articles 1, 2 (2) and 5-11 inclusive will come into force as soon as
 
                                                    the Greek and Turkish Governments have deposited the instruments of their ratifications, even if at that time the <i>proc&egrave;s-verbal</i>
 
                                                    referred to above has not yet been drawn up.<p>
 
                                                   
 
                                                          The French Government will transmit to all the Signatory
 
                                                    Powers a certified copy of the <i>proc&egrave;s-verbaux</i> of the deposit of
 
                                                    ratifications.<p>
 
                                            In faith whereof the above-named Plenipotentiaries have
 
slgned the present Treaty.<p>
 
  
                                            Done at Lausanne, the 24th July, 1923, in a single copy, which
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ARTICLE 3.
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From the Mediterranean to the frontier of Persia, the frontier
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of Turkey is laid down as follows:
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(I ) With Syria:
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The frontier described in Article 8 of the Franco-Turkish
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Agreement of the 20th October, 1921
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(2) With Iraq:
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The frontier between Turkey and Iraq shall be laid down in
 +
friendly arrangement to be concluded between Turkey and Great
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Britain within nine months.
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In the event of no agreement being reached between the two
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Governments within the time mentioned, the dispute shall be
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referred to the Council of the League of Nations.
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The Turkish and British Governments reciprocally undertake
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that, pending the decision to be reached on the subject of the
 +
frontier, no military or other movement shall take place which
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might modify in any way the present state of the territories of
 +
which the final fate will depend upon that decision.
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ARTICLE 4.
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 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
The frontiers described by the present Treaty are traced on
 +
the one-in-a-million maps attached to the present Treaty. In case
 +
of divergence between the text and the map, the text will prevail.
 +
[See Introduction.]
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 5.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
A Boundary Commission will be appointed to trace on the
 +
ground the frontier defined in Article 2 (2). This Commission
 +
will be composed of representatives of Greece and of Turkey, each
 +
Power appointing one representative, and a president chosen by
 +
them from the nationals of a third Power.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
They shall endeavour in all cases to follow as nearly as possible
 +
 
 +
 
 +
the descriptions given in the present Treaty, taking into account
 +
 
 +
 
 +
as far as possible administrative boundaries and local economic
 +
 
 +
 
 +
interests.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
The decision of the Commission will be taken by a majority and
 +
 
 +
 
 +
shall be binding on the parties concerned.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
The expenses of the Commission shall be borne in equal shares
 +
 
 +
 
 +
by the parties concerned.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 6.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
In so far as concerns frontiers defined by a waterway as distinct
 +
 
 +
 
 +
from its banks, the phrases "course" or "channel" used in the
 +
 
 +
 
 +
descriptions of the present Treaty signify, as regards non-navigable rivers, the median line of the waterway or of its principal
 +
 
 +
 
 +
branch, and, as regards navigable rivers, the median line of the
 +
 
 +
 
 +
principal channel of navigation. It will rest with the Boundary
 +
 
 +
 
 +
Commission to specify whether the frontier line shall follow any
 +
 
 +
 
 +
changes of the course or channel which may take place, or whether
 +
 
 +
 
 +
it shall be definitely fixed by the position of the course or channel
 +
 
 +
 
 +
at the time when the present Treaty comes into force.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
In the absence of provisions to the contrary, in the present
 +
 
 +
 
 +
Treaty, islands and islets Iying within three miles of the coast are
 +
 
 +
 
 +
included within the frontier of the coastal State.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 7.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
The various States concerned undertake to furnish to the
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
Boundary Commission all documents necessary for its task, especially authentic copies of agreements fixing existing or old frontiers, all large scale maps in existence, geodetic data, surveys completed but unpublished, and information concerning the changes
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
of frontier watercourses. The maps, geodetic data, and surveys,
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
even if unpublished, which are in the possession of the Turkish
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
authorities, must be delivered at Constantinople with the least
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
possible delay from the coming into force of the present Treaty
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
to the President of the Commission.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
The States concerned also undertake to instruct the local
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
authorities to communicate to the Commission all documents,
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
especially plans, cadastral and land books, and to furnish on
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
demand all details regarding property, existing economic conditions and other necessary information.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 8.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
The various States interested undertake to give every assistance to the Boundary Commission, whether directly or through
 +
local authorities, in everything that concerns transport, accommodation, labour, materials (sign posts, boundary pillars) necessary for the accomplishment of its mission.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
In particular, the Turkish Government undertakes to furnish,
 +
if required, the technical personnel necessary to assist the Boundary Commission in the accomplishment of its duties.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 9.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
The various States interested undertake to safeguard the
 +
trigonometrical points, signals, posts or frontier marks erected by
 +
the Commission.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 10.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
The pillars will be placed so as to be intervisible. They will
 +
be numbered, and their position and their number will be noted
 +
on a cartographic document.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 11.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
The protocols defining the boundary and the maps and documents attached thereto will be made out in triplicate, of which
 +
two copies will be forwarded to the Governments of the limitrophe
 +
States, and the third to the Government of the French Republic, which will deliver authentic copies to the Powers who sign the
 +
present Treaty.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 12.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
The decision taken on the 13th February, 1914, by the Conference of London, in virtue of Articles 5 of the Treaty of London
 +
of the 17th-30th May, 1913, and 15 of the Treaty of Athens of the
 +
1st-14th November, 1913, which decision was communicated to
 +
the Greek Government on the 13th February, 1914, regarding the
 +
sovereignty of Greece over the islands of the Eastern Mediterranean, other than the islands of Imbros, Tenedos and Rabbit
 +
Islands, particularly the islands of Lemnos, Samothrace, Mytilene, Chios, Samos and Nikaria, is confirmed, subject to the
 +
provisions of the present Treaty respecting the islands placed
 +
under the sovereigntyof Italy which form the subject of Article 15.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
Except where a provision to the contrary is contained in the
 +
present Treaty, the islands situated at less than three miles
 +
from the Asiatic coast remain under Turkish sovereignty.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 13.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
With a view to ensuring the maintenance of peace, the Greek Government undertakes to observe the following restrictions in the islands of Mytilene, Chios, Samos and Nikaria:
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
(I) No naval base and no fortification will be established in the
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
said islands.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
(2) Greek military aircraft will be forbidden to fly over the
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
territory of the Anatolian coast. Reciprocally, the Turkish Government will forbid their military aircraft to fly
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
over the said islands.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
(3) The Greek military forces in the said islands will be
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
limited to the normal contingent called up for military
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
service, which can be trained on the spot, as well as to
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
a force of gendarmerie and police in proportion to the
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
force of gendarmerie and police existing in the whole
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
of the Greek territory.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 14.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
The islands of Imbros and Tenedos, remaining under Turkish sovereignty, shall enjoy a special administrative organisation composed of local elements and furnishing every guarantee for the native non-Moslem population in so far as concerns local administration and the protection of persons and property. The maintenance of order will be assured therein by a police force recruited from amongst the local population by the local administration above provided for and placed under its orders.
 +
 
 +
 +
The agreements which have been, or may be, concluded between Greece and Turkey relating to the exchange of the Greek and Turkish populations will not be applied to the inhabitants of the islands of Imbros and Tenedos.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 15.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
Turkey renounces in favour of Italy all rights and title over the following islands: Stampalia (Astrapalia), Rhodes (Rhodos), Calki (Kharki), Scarpanto, Casos (Casso), Piscopis (Tilos), Misiros (Nisyros), Calimnos (Kalymnos), Leros, Patmos, Lipsos (Lipso), Simi (Symi), and Cos (Kos), which are now occupied by Italy, and the islets dependent thereon, and also over the island of Castellorizzo.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE I6.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
Turkey hereby renounces all rights and title whatsoever over or
 +
respecting the territories situated outside the frontiers laid down
 +
in the present Treaty and the islands other than those over which
 +
her sovereignty is recognised by the said Treaty, the future of
 +
these territories and islands being settled or to be settled by the
 +
parties concerned.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
The provisions of the present Article do not prejudice any special arrangements arising from neighbourly relations which have
 +
been or may be concluded between Turkey and any limitrophe
 +
countries.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 17.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
The renunciation by Turkey of all rights and titles over Egypt
 +
and over the Soudan will take effect as from the 5th November,
 +
1914.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 18.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
Turkey is released from all undertakings and obligations in
 +
regard to the Ottoman loans guaranteed on the Egyptian tribute,
 +
that is to say, the loans of 1855, 1891 and 1894. The annual
 +
payments made by Egypt for the service of these loans now forming part of the service of the Egyptian Public Debt, Egypt is
 +
freed from all other obligations relating to the Ottoman Public
 +
Debt.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 19.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
Any questions arising from the recognition of the State of Egypt
 +
shall be settled by agreements to be negotiated subsequently in a
 +
manner to be determined later between the Powers concerned.
 +
The provisions of the present Treaty relating to territories detached from Turkey under the said Treaty will not apply to Egypt.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 20.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
Turkey hereby recognises the annexation of Cyprus proclaimed
 +
by the British Government on the sth November, 1914.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
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 +
ARTICLE 2I .
 +
 
 +
 
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 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
Turkish nationals ordinarily resident in Cyprus on the 5th
 +
November, 1914, will acquire British nationality subject to the
 +
conditions laid down in the local law, and will thereupon lose
 +
their Turkish nationality. They will, however, have the right to opt for Turkish nationality within two years from the coming into
 +
force of the present Treaty, provided that they leave Cyprus
 +
within twelve months after having so opted.
 +
 
 +
 
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 +
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 +
 
 +
Turkish nationals ordinarily resident in Cyprus on the coming
 +
into force of the present Treaty who, at that date, have acquired
 +
or are in process of acquiring British nationality in consequence
 +
of a request made in accordance with the local law, will also
 +
thereupon lose their Turkish nationality.
 +
 
 +
 
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 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
It is understood that the Government of Cyprus will be entitled
 +
to refuse British nationality to inhabitants of the island who,
 +
being Turkish nationals, had formerly acquired another nationality without the consent of the Turkish Government.
 +
 
 +
 
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 +
 
 +
ARTICLE 22.
 +
 
 +
 
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 +
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 +
 
 +
Without prejudice to the general stipulations of Article 27,
 +
Turkey hereby recognises the definite abolition of all rights and
 +
privileges whatsoever which she enjoyed in Libya under the
 +
Treaty of Lausanne of the 18th October, 1912, and the instruments connected therewith.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
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 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
 
 +
2. SPECIAL PROVISIONS.
 +
 
 +
 
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 +
 +
 
&